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Full text of "Ohio Fire Code"







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INTERNATIONAL 
CODE COUNCIL' 



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2007 Ohio Fire Code 



First Printing 



ISBN-13: 13-978-1-58001-567-7 
ISBN-10: 978-1-58001-567-7 



Publication Date: August 2007 



COPYRIGHT© 2007 

by 

INTERNATIONAL CODE COUNCIL, INC. 



ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. This 2007 Ohio Fire Code contains substantial copyrighted material from the 2006 International Fire 
Code, First Printing, which is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc. Without advance written permis- 
sion from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced, distributed or transmitted in any form or by any means, 
including, without limitation, electronic, optical or mechanical means (by way of example and not limitation, photocopying, or 
recording by or in an information storage retrieval system). For information on permission to copy material exceeding fair use, 
please contact: Publications, 4051 West Flossmoor Road, Country Club Hills, IL 60478. Phone 1-888-ICC-SAFE (422-7233). 

Trademarks: "International Code Council," the "International Code Council" logo and the "International Fire Code" are trademarks 
of the International Code Council, Inc. 



PRINTED IN THE U.S.A. 



PREFACE 



Introduction 

Internationally, code officials recognize the need for a modem, up-to-date fire code addressing conditions hazardous to life and prop- 
erty from fire, explosion, handling or use of hazardous materials and the use and occupancy of buildings and premises. The Ohio Fire 
Code is designed to meet these needs through model code regulations that safeguard the pubUc health and safety in all communities, 
large and small. 

This comprehensive fire code contains the Ohio Administrative Code Rules that comprise the Ohio Fire Code. These administra- 
tive rules became effective on July 1, 2007. The Ohio Fire Code is a code of statewide applicability that consists of rules relating to 
all aspects of fire safety and other matters regulated by the State Fire Marshal's office of Ohio. The Ohio Fire Code establishes the 
minimum standards for safeguarding life and property from fire and explosion in Ohio. In promulgating the Ohio Fire Code, the 
State Fire Marshal of Ohio, per Ohio Revised Code Section 3737.82, must include rules relating to: the movable contents of any 
building, or class of buildings; the tiansportation, storage, location and use of flammable and explosive materials; the procedures to 
be employed by persons in the event of fire; the installation and location of fire protection equipment; rules applicable to par- 
ticular classes of existing buildings or structures as the use and occupancy of such buildings or structures suggest are neces- 
sary; and other similar matters. The Ohio Fire Code as promulgated is enforceable by the State Fire Marshal, Assistant State Fire 
Marshals and/or certified fire safety inspectors working for a duly constituted municipal or township fire department in Ohio. 

The Ohio Fire Code is based on the International Fire Code (2006 Edition), as amended by the State Fire Marshal of Ohio. The Ohio 
Fire Code is designed to be compatible with the portions of the Ohio Building Code that are based upon the International Building Code 
(2006 Edition). The Ohio Fire Code is also compatible with aU of the International Codes ("I-Codes") published by the International 
Code Council ("ICC"), including the International Building Code, International Code Council Electrical Code Administrative Provi- 
sions, International Energy Conservation Code, International Existing Building Code, International Fuel Gas Code, International 
Mechanical Code, ICC Performance Code, International Plumbing Code, International Private Sewage Disposal Code, International 
Property Maintenance Code, International Residential Code, International Urban-Wildland Interface Code and International Zoning 
Code, many of which have been specifically adopted for use in Ohio. As the Ohio Fire Code is based on the International Fire Code (2006 
Edition) and it is enforceable by local fire officials, it also encourages statewide consistency in the appUcation of its provisions. 

Maintenance 

The State Fire Marshal of Ohio, through its involvement in the national model code development process, works with the other fire 
code officials and regulated industry members to submit proposed changes to the International Fire Code development process and 
to update the Ohio Fire Code in accordance with all of the changes to the International Fire Code. Interested parties can also submit 
proposed changes to the Ohio Fire Code to the State Fire Marshal of Ohio in accordance with the provisions of the Ohio Revised 
Code and Rule 1 of the Ohio Fire Code. 

Letter Designations in Front of Section Numbers 

In each code development cycle, proposed changes to this code are considered at the Code Development Hearing by the Interna- 
tional Fire Code Development Committee, whose action constitutes a recommendation to the voting membership for final action on 
the proposed change. Proposed changes to a code section whose number begins with a letter in brackets are considered by a different 
code development committee. For instance, proposed changes to code sections which have the letter [P] in front (e.g. [P] 912.5), are 
considered by the International Plumbing Code Development Committee at the Code Development Hearing. Where this designa- 
tion is applicable to the entire content of a main section of the code, the designation appears at tiie main section number and title and 
is not repeated at every subsection in that section. 

The content of sections in this code which begin with a letter designation are maintained by another code development committee 
in accordance with the following: [B]= International Building Code Development Committee; [EB] = International Existing Build- 
ing Code Development Committee; [M] = International Mechanical Code Development Committee; [P] = International Plumbing 
Code Development Committee. The italicized text is: 

1) The law of Ohio and it is to be given equal weight with nonitalicized text. 

2) It is "Ohioized" language, meaning that it contains provisions written by the State Fire Marshal of Ohio specifically for applica- 
tion in Ohio that are substantively different than the suggested model code text for those particular sections. 

l\/larginal l\/iarl(ings 

Single vertical lines in the margins within the body of the code indicate an ICC technical change from the requirements of the 2003 
edition of the code. Deletion indicators (■♦) are provided in the margin where a paragraph or item has been deleted by the ICC from 

the 2003 edition, while > indicates language deleted by Ohio. Double vertical lines in the margins indicate an Ohio amendment has 
been made to the 2006 ICC model code text or to the 2005 Ohio edition of the code. 

2007 OHIO FIRE CODE iii 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 



RULE 1 ADMINISTRATION 1 

Section 

(A)lOl General 1 

(B)102 Applicability 1 

(C)103 Fire Code within a Political Subdivision 2 

(D)104 General Authority and Responsibilities 2 

(E)105 Permits 4 

(F)106 Inspections 7 

(G)107 Maintenance 7 

(H)108 Appeal of Orders 8 

(1)109 Violations 8 

(J)llO Unsafe Buildings 9 

(K)lll Stop Work Order 9 

(L)l 12 Fire Marshal Permits and Inspection Fees .... 9 

(M)l 13 Amendments to the Fire Code 10 

(N)l 14 Notice of Public Hearing 10 

(0)115 Research Reports and 

Testing Laboratories 10 

(P)l 16 Flammability of Consumer Goods 11 

(Q)l 17 Procedure in the Event of Fire 11 

(R)l 18 Hotel and SRO Facility License 11 

(S)l 19 Small Government Fire Department 

Services Revolving Loan Program 15 

(T)120 Volunteer Fire Department Grants 16 

(U)121 Fire Department Training and 

Equipment Grants 17 

(V)122 Fire Department Fire Reporting Grants 18 

( W) 123 Declaration Regarding Material Assistance/ 

Non- Assistance to Terrorist Organization. . . 19 

Appendix A 21 

RULE 2 DEFINITIONS 27 

Section 

(A)201 General 27 

(B)202 General Definitions 27 

RULE 3 GENERAL PRECAUTIONS 

AGAINST FIRE 45 

Section 

(A)301 General 45 

(B)302 Definitions 45 

(C)303 Asphalt Kettles 45 

(D)304 Combustible Waste Material 45 

(E)305 Ignition Sources 46 



(F)306 Motion Picture Film and Screens 46 

(G)307 Open Burning and Recreational Fires 46 

(H)308 Open Flames 47 

(1)309 Powered Industrial Trucks 49 

(1)310 Smoking 49 

(K)31 1 Vacant Premises 50 

(L)312 Vehicle Impact Protection 51 

(M)313 Fueled Equipment 51 

(N)314 Indoor Displays 51 

(0)3 1 5 Miscellaneous Combustible 

Materials Storage 51 

(P)316 Laboratories Using Chemicals 52 

RULE 4 EMERGENCY PLANNING AND 

PREPAREDNESS 53 

Section 

(A)401 General 53 

(B)402 Definitions 53 

(C)403 Public Assemblages and Events 53 

(D)404 Fire Safety and Evacuation Plans 53 

(E)405 Emergency Evacuation Drills 54 

(F)406 Employee Training and Response 

Procedures 55 

(G)407 Hazard Communication 56 

(H)408 Use and Occupancy-Related 

Requirements 56 

(1)409 Tornado Shelters in Schools 59 

RULE 5 FIRE SERVICE FEATURES 61 

Section 

(A)501 General 61 

(B)502 Definitions 61 

(C)503 Fire Apparatus Access Roads 61 

(D)504 Access to Building Openings and Roofs .... 62 

(E)505 Premises Identification 62 

(F)506 Key Boxes 62 

(G)507 Hazards to Fire Fighters 63 

(H)508 Fire Protection Water Supplies 63 

(1)509 Fire Command Center 64 

(J)510 Fire Department Access to Equipment 64 

RULE 6 BUILDING SERVICES AND SYSTEMS . 65 

Section 

(A)601 General 65 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 



(B)602 Definitions 65 

(C)603 Fuel-Fired Appliances 65 

(D)604 Emergency and Standby Power Systems .... 68 

(E)605 Electrical Equipment, Wiring and Hazards . . 71 

(F)606 Mechanical Refrigeration 72 

(G)607 Elevator Recall and Maintenance 74 

(H)608 Stationary Storage Battery Systems 74 

(1)609 Commercial Kitchen Hoods 76 

RULE 7 FIRE-RESISTANCE-RATED 

CONSTRUCTION 77 

Section 

(A)701 General 77 

(B)702 Definitions 77 

(C)703 Fire-Resistance-Rated Construction 77 

(D)704 Floor Openings and Shafts 77 

RULE 8 INTERIOR FINISH, DECORATIVE 

MATERIALS AND FURNISHINGS 79 

Section 

(A)801 General 79 

(B)802 Definitions 79 

(C)803 Interior Wall and Ceiling Finish and 

Trim in Existing Buildings 79 

(D)804 Interior Wall and Ceiling Trim in New 

and Existing Buildings 82 

(E)805 Upholstered Furniture and Mattresses 

in New and Existing Buildings 82 

(F)806 Decorative Vegetation in New 

and Existing Buildings 85 

(G)807 Decorative Materials Other than 

Decorative Vegetation in New and 

Existing Buildings 85 

(H)808 Furnishings Other Than Upholstered 

Furniture and Mattresses or Decorative 
Materials in New and Existing Buildings ... 87 

RULE 9 FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS 89 

Section 

(A)901 General 89 

(B)902 Definitions 91 

(C)903 Automatic Sprinkler Systems 93 

(D)904 Alternative Automatic Fire-Extinguishing 

Systems 99 

(E)905 Standpipe Systems 102 

(F)906 Portable Fire Extinguishers 104 

(G)907 Fire Alarm and Detection Systems 106 

(H)908 Emergency Alarm Systems 116 



(1)909 Smoke Control Systems 116 

(J)910 Smoke and Heat Vents 122 

(K)91 1 Explosion Control 124 

(L)912 Fire Department Connections 126 

(M)913 Fire Pumps 126 

(N)914 Fire Protection Based on Special 

Detailed Requirements of Use and 
Occupancy 127 

(0)915 Fire Protection and Fire Fighting 

Equipment Certification 129 

RULE 10 MEANS OF EGRESS 133 

Section 

(A)lOOl General 133 

(B)1002 Definitions 133 

(C)1003 General Means of Egress 134 

(D)1004 Occupant Load 135 

(E)1005 Egress Width 137 

(F)1006 Means of Egress Illumination 137 

(G)1007 Accessible Means of Egress 138 

(H)1008 Doors, Gates and Turnstiles 140 

(1)1009 Stairways and Handrails 146 

(J)IOIO Ramps 148 

(K)lOll Exit Signs 149 

(L)1012 Handrails 150 

(M)1013 Guards 151 

(N)1014 Exit Access 151 

(0)1015 Exit and Exit Doorways 153 

(P)1016 Exit Access Travel Distance 155 

(Q)1017 Corridors 155 

(R)1018 Exits 157 

(S)1019 Number of Exits and Continuity 157 

(T)1020 Vertical Exit Enclosures 157 

(U)1021 Exit Passageways 159 

(V)1022 Horizontal Exits 160 

(W)1023 Exterior Exit Ramps and Stairways 160 

(X)1024 Exit Discharge 161 

(Y)1025 Assembly 162 

(Z)1026 Emergency Escape and Rescue 167 

(AA)1027 Means of Egress for Existing Buildings. . . . 168 
(BB)1028 Maintenance of the Means of Egress 172 

RULE 11 AVIATION FACILITIES 175 

Section 

(A)llOl General 175 

(B)1102 Definitions 175 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 



(C)l 103 General Precautions 175 

(D)l 104 Aircraft Maintenance 175 

(E)l 105 Portable Fire Extinguishers 176 

(F)l 106 Aircraft Fueling 176 

(G)l 107 Helistops and Heliports 181 

RULE 12 DRY CLEANING 183 

Section 

(A)1201 General 183 

(B)1202 Definitions 183 

(C)1203 Classifications 183 

(D)1204 General Requirements 183 

(E)1205 Operating Requirements 184 

(F)1206 Spotting and Pretreating 184 

(G)1207 Dry Cleaning Systems 185 

(H)1208 Fire Protection 185 

RULE 13 COMBUSTIBLE DUST-PRODUCING 

OPERATIONS 187 

Section 

(A)1301 General 187 

(B)1302 Definitions 187 

(C)1303 Precautions 187 

(D)1304 Explosion Protection 187 

RULE 14 FIRE SAFETY DURING CONSTRUCTION 
AND DEMOLITION 189 

Section 

(A)1401 General 189 

(B)1402 Definitions 189 

(C)1403 Temporary Heating Equipment 189 

(D)1404 Precautions Against Fire 189 

(E)1405 Flammable and Combustible Liquids 189 

(F)1406 Flammable Gases 190 

(G)1407 Explosive Materials 190 

(H)1408 Owner's Responsibility for Fire Protection . . 190 

(1)1409 Fire Alarm Reporting 190 

(J)1410 Access for Fire Fighting 190 

(K)141 1 Means of Egress 190 

(L)1412 Water Supply for Fire Protection 191 

(M)1413 Standpipes 191 

(N)1414 Automatic Sprinkler System 191 

(0)1415 Portable Fire Extinguishers 191 

(P)1416 Motorized Equipment 191 

(Q)1417 Safeguarding Roofing Operations 191 



RULE 15 FLAMMABLE FINISHES 193 

Section 

(A)1501 General 193 

(B)1502 Definitions 193 

(C)1503 Protection of Operations 194 

(D)1504 Spray Finishing 195 

(E)1505 Dipping Operations 199 

(F)1506 Powder Coating 200 

(G)1507 Electrostatic Apparatus 201 

(H)1508 Organic Peroxides and Dual-Component 

Coatings 202 

(1)1509 Indoor Manufacturing of Reinforced 

Plastics 202 

(J) 15 10 Floor Surfacing and Finishing Operations . . 203 

RULE 16 FRUIT AND CROP RIPENING 205 

Section 

(A)1601 General 205 

(B)1602 Definitions 205 

(C)1603 Ethylene Gas 205 

(D)1604 Sources of Ignition 205 

(E)1605 Combustible Waste 205 

(F)1606 Ethylene Generators 205 

(G)1607 Warning Signs 205 

RULE 17 FUMIGATION AND THERMAL 

INSECTICIDAL FOGGING 207 

Section 

(A)1701 General 207 

(B)1702 Definitions 207 

(C)1703 Fire Safety Requirements 207 

RULE 18 SEMICONDUCTOR FABRICATION 

FACILITIES 209 

Section 

(A)1801 General 209 

(B)1802 Definitions 209 

(C)1803 General Safety Provisions 209 

(D)1804 Storage 214 

(E)1805 Use and Handling 216 

RULE 19 LUMBER YARDS AND WOODWORKING 
FACILITIES 219 

Section 

(A)1901 General 219 

(B)1902 Definitions 219 

(C)1903 General Requirements 219 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 



(D)1904 Fire Protection 220 

(E)1905 Plywood, Veneer and Composite Board 

Mills 220 

(F)1906 Log Storage Areas 220 

(G) 1 907 Storage of Wood Chips and Hogged 

Material in Association With Timber 

and Lumber Production Facilities 220 

(H)1908 Storage and Processing of Wood Chips, 
Hogged Material, Fines, Compost and 
Raw Product Associated With Yard 
Waste and Recycling Facilities 220 

(1)1909 Exterior Storage of Finished Lumber 

Products 221 

RULE 20 MANUFACTURE OF ORGANIC 

COATINGS 223 

Section 

(A)2001 General 223 

(B)2002 Definitions 223 

(C)2003 General Precautions 223 

(D)2004 Electrical Equipment and Protection 223 

(E)2005 Process Structures 224 

(F)2006 Process Mills and Kettles 224 

(G)2007 Process Piping 224 

(H)2008 Raw Materials in Process Areas 225 

(1)2009 Raw Materials and Finished Products 225 

RULE 21 INDUSTRIAL OVENS 227 

Section 

(A)2101 General 227 

(B)2102 Definitions 227 

(C)2103 Location 227 

(D)2104 Fuel Piping 227 

(E)2105 Interlocks 227 

(F)2106 Fire Protecfion 228 

(G)2107 Operation and Maintenance 228 

RULE 22 MOTOR FUEL-DISPENSING 
FACILITIES AND REPAIR 
GARAGES 229 

Section 

(A)2201 General 229 

(B)2202 Definitions 229 

(C)2203 Location of Dispensing Devices 230 

(D)2204 Dispensing Operations 230 

(E)2205 Operational Requirements 232 

(F)2206 Flammable and Combustible Liquid Motor 

Fuel-Dispensing Facilities 233 



(G)2207 Liquefied Petroleum Gas Motor 

Fuel-Dispensing Facilities 237 

(H)2208 Compressed Natural Gas Motor 

Fuel-Dispensing Facilities 238 

(1)2209 Hydrogen Motor Fuel-Dispensing and 

Generation Facilities 239 

(J)2210 Marine Motor Fuel-Dispensing Facilities . . 244 

(K)2211 Repair Garages 245 

(L)22 1 2 Service Station at a Bulk Plant 

or Terminal 248 

RULE 23 HIGH-PILED COMBUSTIBLE 

STORAGE 249 

Section 

(A)2301 General 249 

(B)2302 Definitions 249 

(C)2303 Commodity Classification 250 

(D)2304 Designation of High-Piled Storage Areas . . 253 

(E)2305 Housekeeping and Maintenance 253 

(F)2306 General Fire Protection and Life Safety 

Features 253 

(G)2307 Solid-Piled and Shelf Storage 256 

(H)2308 Rack Storage 256 

(1)2309 Automated Storage 256 

(J)2310 Specialty Storage 257 

RULE 24 TENTS AND OTHER MEMBRANE 

STRUCTURES 259 

Section 

(A)2401 General 259 

(B)2402 Definitions 259 

(C)2403 Temporary Tents, Canopies and 

Membrane Structures 259 

(D)2404 Temporary and Permanent Tents, 

Canopies and Membrane Structures 261 

RULE 25 TIRE REBUILDING AND 

TIRE STORAGE 265 

Section 

(A)2501 General 265 

(B)2502 Definitions 265 

(C)2503 Tire Rebuilding 265 

(D)2504 Precautions Against Fire 265 

(E)2505 Outdoor Storage 265 

(F)2506 Fire Department Access 266 

(G)2507 Fencing 266 

(H)2508 Fire Protection 266 

(1)2509 Indoor Storage Arrangement 266 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 



RULE 26 WELDING AND OTHER 

HOT WORK 267 

Section 

(A)2601 General 267 

(B)2602 Definitions 267 

(C)2603 General Requirements 267 

(D)2604 Fire Safety Requirements 268 

(E)2605 Gas Welding and Cutting 269 

(F)2606 Electric Arc Hot Work 269 

(G)2607 Calcium Carbide Systems 269 

(H)2608 Acetylene Generators 269 

(1)2609 Piping Manifolds and Hose Systems for 

Fuel Gases and Oxygen 269 

RULE 27 HAZARDOUS MATERIALS- 
GENERAL PROVISIONS 271 

Section 

(A)2701 General 271 

(B)2702 Definitions 273 

(C)2703 General Requirements 276 

(D)2704 Storage 289 

(E)2705 Use, Dispensing and Handling 293 

RULE 28 AEROSOLS 297 

Section 

(A)2801 General 297 

(B)2802 Definitions 297 

(C)2803 Classification of Aerosol Products 297 

(D)2804 Inside Storage of Aerosol Products 297 

(E)2805 Outside Storage 299 

(F)2806 Retail Display 300 

(G)2807 Manufacturing Facilities 301 

RULE 29 COMBUSTIBLE FIBERS 303 

Section 

(A)2901 General 303 

(B)2902 Definitions 303 

(C)2903 General Precautions 303 

(D)2904 Loose Fiber Storage 303 

(E)2905 Baled Storage 304 

RULE 30 COMPRESSED GASES 305 

Section 

(A)3001 General 305 

(B)3002 Definitions 305 

(C)3003 General Requirements 305 



(D)3004 Storage of Compressed Gases 309 

(E)3005 Use and Handling of Compressed Gases . . . 309 

(F)3006 Medical Gas Systems 310 

(G)3007 Compressed Gases Not Otherwise 

Regulated 310 

RULE 31 CORROSIVE MATERIALS 311 

Section 

(A)3101 General 311 

(B)3102 Definitions 311 

(C)3103 General Requirements 311 

(D)3104 Storage 311 

(E)3105 Use 311 

RULE 32 CRYOGENIC FLUIDS 313 

Section 

(A)3201 General 313 

(B)3202 Definitions 313 

(C)3203 General Requirements 313 

(D)3204 Storage 316 

(E)3205 Use and Handling 317 

RULE 33 EXPLOSIVES AND FIREWORKS 319 

Section 

(A)3301 General 319 

(B)3302 Definitions 323 

(C)3303 Record Keeping and Reporting 327 

(D)3304 Explosive Materials Storage and Handling . . 328 

(E)3305 Manufacture, Assembly and Testing 
of Explosives, Explosive Materials 
and Fireworks 334 

(F)3306 Small Arms Ammunition 336 

(G)3307 Blasting 338 

(H)3308 Fireworks Exhibifion 339 

(1)3309 Shipping and Transportation 341 

(J)3310 Storage of Fireworks at Exhibition Site .... 342 

(K)331 1 Pyrotechnic and Special Effects 

Exhibition Permit 342 

(L)3312 Flame Effects Permit 343 

(M)3313 Operational Requirements 343 

(N)3314 Testing of Fireworks for Classification .... 344 

(0)3315 Fireworks Labeling 344 

(P)3316 General Requirements for Licensure 

Application and License 345 

(Q)3317 Requirements for Manufacturers 

and Wholesalers 346 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 



(R)33 1 8 Fingerprint and Insurance Requirements 
for Manufacturers and Wholesalers 
of Fireworks 347 

(S)3319 Requirements for Out-of-State 

Shipping Permit 348 

(T)3320 Requirements for an Exhibitor's License. . . 348 

(U)3321 Fire Safety Requirements in Buildings ....351 

(V)3322 Fireworks Storage 352 

(W)3323 Fireworks Showroom 352 

(X)3324 Fireworks Wholesale and Retail 

Business Hours 354 

(Y)3325 Storage Locations 355 

(Z)3326 Sale of Fireworks 356 

(AA)3327 Sales from Motor Vehicles 356 

Appendix Checklist for the Outdoor Exhibition 

of Fireworks 357 

RULE 34 FLAMMABLE AND COMBUSTIBLE 

LIQUIDS 361 

Section 

(A)3401 General 361 

(B)3402 Definitions 361 

(C)3403 General Requirements 362 

(D)3404 Storage 367 

(E)3405 Dispensing, Use, Mixing and Handling .... 388 

(F)3406 Special Operations 394 

RULE 35 FLAMMABLE GASES 405 

Section 

(A)3501 General 405 

(B)3502 Definitions 405 

(C)3503 General Requirements 405 

(D)3504 Storage 406 

(E)3505 Use 406 

RULE 36 FLAMMABLE SOLIDS 407 

Section 

(A)3601 General 407 

(B)3602 Definifions 407 

(C)3603 General Requirements 407 

(D)3604 Storage 407 

(E)3605 Use 407 

(F)3606 Magnesium 407 



RULE 37 HIGHLY TOXIC AND 

TOXIC MATERIALS 411 

Section 

(A)3701 General 411 

(B)3702 Definifions 411 

(C)3703 Highly Toxic and Toxic Solids 

and Liquids 412 

(D)3704 Highly Toxic and Toxic 

Compressed Gases 413 

(E)3705 Ozone Gas Generators 417 

RULE 38 LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM 

GASES 419 

Section 

(A)3801 General 419 

(B)3802 Definitions 419 

(C)3803 Installation of Equipment 419 

(D)3804 Locafion of Containers 420 

(E)3805 Prohibited Use of LP-Gas 421 

(F)3806 Dispensing and Overfilling 421 

(G)3807 Safety Precaufions and Devices 421 

(H)3808 Fire Protecfion 422 

(1)3809 Storage of Portable LP-Gas Containers 

Awaiting Use or Resale 422 

(J)3810 Containers Not in Service 423 

(K)381 1 Parking and Garaging 424 

(L)3812 Inspection of DOTn Cylinders 424 

RULE 39 ORGANIC PEROXIDES 425 

Section 

(A)3901 General 425 

(B)3902 Definitions 425 

(C)3903 General Requirements 425 

(D)3904 Storage 425 

(E)3905 Use 427 

RULE 40 OXIDIZERS 429 

Section 

(A)4001 General 429 

(B)4002 Definitions 429 

(C)4003 General Requirements 429 

(D)4004 Storage 430 

(E)4005 Use 432 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 



RULE 41 PYROPHORIC MATERIALS 433 

Section 

(A)4101 General 433 

(B)4102 Definitions 433 

(C)4103 General Requirements 433 

(D)4104 Storage 433 

(E)4105 Use 434 

(F)4106 Silane Gas 434 

RULE 42 PYROXYLIN (CELLULOSE 

NITRATE) PLASTICS 437 

(A)4201 General 437 

(B)4202 Definitions 437 

(C)4203 General Requirements 437 

(D)4204 Storage and Handling 437 

RULE 43 UNSTABLE (REACTIVE) 

MATERIALS 439 

Section 

(A)4301 General 439 

(B)4302 Definitions 439 

(C)4303 General Requirements 439 

(D)4304 Storage 440 

(E)4305 Use 440 

RULE 44 WATER-REACTIVE SOLIDS 

AND LIQUIDS 441 

Section 

(A)4401 General 441 

(B)4402 Definitions 441 

(C)4403 General Requirements 441 

(D)4404 Storage 441 

(E)4405 Use 442 

RULE 45 REFERENCED STANDARDS 443 

APPENDIX A BOARD OF APPEALS 451 

Section 

AlOl General 451 

APPENDIX B FIRE-FLOW REQUIREMENTS 

FOR BUILDINGS 453 

Section 

BlOl General 453 

B102 Definitions 453 



B103 Modifications 453 

B 104 Fire-Flow Calculation Area 453 

B105 Fire-Flow Requirements for Buildings 453 

B106 Referenced Standards 453 

APPENDIX C FIRE HYDRANT LOCATIONS 

AND DISTRIBUTION. 455 

Section 

ClOl General 455 

C102 Location 455 

C103 Number of Fire Hydrants 455 

CI 04 Consideration of Existing Fire Hydrants ... 455 

C105 Distribution of Fire Hydrants 455 

APPENDIX D FIRE APPARATUS ACCESS 

ROADS 457 

Section 

DlOl General 457 

D102 Required Access 457 

D103 Minimum Specifications 457 

D104 Commercial and Industrial 

Developments 458 

D105 Aerial Fire Apparatus Access Roads 458 

D106 Multiple-Family Residential 

Developments 458 

D107 One- or Two-Family Residential 

Developments 459 

APPENDIX E HAZARD CATEGORIES 461 

Section 

ElOl General 461 

E102 Hazard Categories 461 

E103 Evaluation of Hazards 464 

APPENDIX F HAZARD RANKING 467 

Section 

FlOl General 467 

F102 Referenced Standards 467 

APPENDIX G CRYOGENIC FLUIDS— WEIGHT 

AND VOLUME EQUIVALENTS. . . 469 

Section 

GlOl General 469 

2006 IFC EXTENDEX 471 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



XI 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



OHIO ADMINISTRATIVE CODE 1301:7-7-01 

ADMINISTRATION 



(A) SECTION 101 
GENERAL 

(1) 101.1 Title. The rules as set forth in Chapter 1301:7-7- of 
the Administrative Code shall be known as the "Ohio Fire 
Code" abbreviated "OFC", and hereinafter may also be 
referred to as the "state fire code" or "this code". 

(2) 101.2 Scope. This code establishes y?re marshal rules for 
the administration and enforcement of authorities granted to 
the fire marshal and fire code officials in Chapters 3701., 
3731., 3737., 3741., 3743., 3781., and 3791. of the Revised 
Code including but not limited to, regulations affecting or relat- 
ing to structures, processes, premises and safeguards regard- 
ing: 

1. The hazard of fire and explosion arising from the stor- 
age, handling or use of structures, materials or devices; 

2. Conditions hazardous to life, property or public welfare 
in the occupancy of structures or premises; 

3. Fire hazards in the structure or on the premises from 
occupancy or operation; 

4. Matters related to the construction, extension, repair, 
alteration or removal of fire suppression or alarm systems. 

(a) 101.2.1 Appendices. Provisions in the appendices of 
any "International Fire Code" are not adopted as part of 
this code. 

(3) 101.3 Intent. The purpose of this code is to establish the 
minimum requirements consistent with nationally recognized 
good practice for providing a reasonable level of Ufe safety and 
property protection from the hazards of fire, explosion or dan- 
gerous conditions in new and existing buildings, structures and 
premises and to provide safety to fire fighters and emergency 
responders during emergency operations. 

(4) 101.4 Severability. If a section, subsection, sentence, 
clause or phrase of this code is, for any reason, held to be 
unconstitutional, such decision shall not affect the vaUdity of 
the remaining portions of this code. 

(5) 101.5 Validity. The provisions of this code shall not be 
deemed to nullify any provisions of state or federal law. In the 
event any part or provision of this code is held to be illegal or 
void, this shall not have the effect of making void or illegal any 
of the other parts or provisions hereof, which are determined to 
be legal; and it shall be presumed that this code would have 
been adopted without such illegal or invalid parts or provisions. 

(6) 101.6 Minimum standard. This code shall constitute the 
minimum staruiards for safeguarding life and property from fire 
and explosion in this state. No political subdivision with the 
statutory authority to promulgate afire code may enact afire 
code, or parts thereof, that provide a lower threshold of such 
safeguards or violate accepted engineering practice involving 
public safety. Such political subdivision may promulgate fire 
code provisions that exceed the minimum safety requirements 
as set forth in this code. 



(B) SECTION 102 
APPLICABILITY 

(1) 102.1 Construction and design provisions. The construc- 
tion and design provisions of this code shall apply to: 

(a) Structures, facilities and conditions arising after the 
adoption of this code. 

(b) Existing structures, facilities and conditions not legally 
in existence at the time of adoption of this code. 

(c) Existing structures, facilities and conditions when 
identified in specific sections of this code. 

(d) Existing conditions not in strict compliance with the 
requirements of this code where the conditions consti- 
tute a distinct hazard to life or property in the opinion 
of the fire code official. If a distinct hazard to life or 
property cannot be proven by the fire official by a pre- 
ponderance of the evidence, the provisions of this code 
shall not apply to an existing building or condition. 

(2) 102.2 Administrative, operational and maintenance 
provisions. The administrative, operational and maintenance 
provisions of this code shall apply to: 

(a) Conditions and operations arising after the adoption of 
this code. 

(b) Existing conditions and operations. 

(3) 102.3 Change of use or occupancy. No change shall be 
made in the use or occupancy of any structure that would place 
the structure in a different division of the same group or occu- 
pancy or in a different group of occupancies, unless such struc- 
ture is made to comply widi the requirements of this code and 
the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Adminis- 
trative Code. Subject to the approval of the fire code official, 
the use or occupancy of an existing structure shall be allowed to 
be changed and the structure is allowed to be occupied for pur- 
poses in other groups without conforming to all the require- 
ments of this code and the building code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code for those groups, pro- 
vided the new or proposed use is less hazardous, based on Ufe 
and fire risk, than the existing use. 

(4) 102.4 Application of building code. The planning, design 
and construction of new buildings and structures to provide the 
necessary egress facilities, fire protection, and built-in fire pro- 
tection equipment shall be controlled by the building code of 
the jurisdiction; and any alterations, additions or changes of 
occupancy in buildings required by the provisions of this code 
which are within the scope of the building code shall be made in 
accordance therewith. 

(5) 102.5 Historic buildings. The provisions of this code relat- 
ing to the construction, alteration, repair, enlargement, restora- 
tion, relocation or moving of buildings or structures shall not be 
mandatory for existing buildings or structures identified and 
classified by the state or local jurisdiction as historic buildings 
when such buildings or structures do not constitute a distinct 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



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hazard to life or property. Fire protection in designated historic 
buildings and stractures shall be provided in accordance with 
an approved fire protection plan. 

(6) 102.6 Referenced codes and standards. The codes and 
standards referenced in this code shall be those that are listed in 
rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code and such codes 
and standards shall be incorporated by reference into andf con- 
sidered part of the requirements of this code to the prescribed 
extent of each such reference. Where differences occur 
between the provisions of this code and the referenced stan- 
dards, the provisions of this code shall apply. 

(7) 102.7 Subjects not regulated by this code. Where no 
applicable standards or requirements are set forth in this code, 
or are contained within other laws, codes, regulations, ordi- 
nances or bylaws adopted by the jurisdiction, compliance with 
applicable standards of the "National Fire Protection Associa- 
tion" or other nationally recognized fu"e safety standards, as 
approved, shall be deemed as prima facie evidence of compli- 
ance with the intent of this code. Nothing in this paragraph 
shall derogate from the authority of the fire code official to 
determine compliance with codes or standards for those activi- 
ties or installations within th&fire code official's jurisdiction or 
responsibility. 

(8) 102.8 Matters not provided for. Requirements that are 
essential for the public srfety of an existing or proposed activ- 
ity, building or structure, or for the safety of the occupants 
thereof, which are not specifically provided for by this code 
shall be determined by the fire code official. 

(9) 102.9 Conflicting provisions. Where there is a conflict 
between a general requirement and a specific requirement, the 
specific requirement shall be applicable. 

(10) 102.10 Underground storage tanks regulatedby Chapter 
1301:7 -9 of the Administrative Code. Underground storage 
tank systems subject to regulation by Chapter 1301:7-9 of the 
Administrative Code shall comply with the applicable regula- 
tions contained therein and the provisions of this code. If the 
provisions of this code address similar requirements or are in 
conflict with the requirements of Chapter 1301:7-9 of the 
Administrative Code, then the provisions of Chapter 1301:7-9 
of the Administrative Code shall apply. Underground storage 
tank systems not subject to regulation by Chapter 1301:7-9 of 
the Administrative Code that are determined by the fire code 
official to comply with the installation, abandonment or 
removal requirements as set forth in Chapter 1301:7-9 of the 
Administrative Code are deemed in compliance with the appli- 
cable provisions of paragraphs (D)(2}(k)(3404.2.11), 
(D)(2)(m)(3404,2J3} or (D)(2)(n)(3404.2.14) of rule 
1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code. Such tanks are sub- 
ject to all other applicable provisions of this code. 



(C) SECTION 103 
FIRE CODE WITHIN A POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 

(1) 103.1 General. A political subdivision may adopt and 
enforce afire code in accordance with the provisions of Ohio 
law. In the event a political subdivision does not adopt a fire 
code, said political subdivision may enforce the Ohio fire code. 



(D) SECTION 104 
Q^lly|gp^l_ AUTHORITY AND RESPONSIBILITIES 

(1) 104.1 General. The fire code official is hereby authorized 
to enforce the provisions of this code and shall have the author- 
ity to render interpretations of this code, and to adopt policies, 
procedures, rules and regulations in order to clarify the applica- 
tion of its provisions. Such interpretations, policies, proce- 
dures, rules and regulations shall be in comphance with the 
intent and purpose of this code and shall not have the effect of 
waiving requirements specifically provided for in this code. 

(a) 104.LL The fire marshal or fire chief of municipal cor- 
porations having fire departments or the fire chief of town- 
ships having fire departments shall enforce all provisions of 
Chapters 3781. and 3791. of the Revised Code, and any 
rules promulgated pursuant to those chapters, relating to 
fire prevention. 

(2) 104.2 Applications and permits. The fire official is autho- 
rized to receive applications, review construction documents 
and issue permits for construction regulated by this code, issue 
permits for operations regulated by this code, inspect the pre- 
mises for which such permits have been issued and enforce 
compliance with the provisions of this code. 

(a) 104.2.1 Plan review for fire protection systems in struc- 
tures regulated by the building code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code, For the purposes 
of this paragraph, afire code official is authorized to con- 
duct plan review of fire protection systems in structures reg- 
ulated by the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of 
the Administrative Code in accordance with Section 106.1.2 
of that code and the provisions of this paragraph. The fire 
code official is authorized to: 

(i) 104,2.1.1. Receive and review construction docu- 
ments when notice is provided to the building code offi- 
cial in accordance with Section 106.1.2 of the building 
code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative 
Code. 

(ii) 104.2.1.2. Provide to the building official written 
findings of the reviewed construction documents for 
compliancewiththeprovisionsofthiscode.Foreachele- 
ment of the reviewed construction document that does 
not meet the requirements of this code, the fire code offi- 
cial shall, in that official's written findings, provide a 
specific reference to the relevant sections of this code 
that have not been fully satisfied. The fire code official 
shall provide the written findings to the building code 
official within a timeframe appropriate for compliance 
with the building official's statutory requirements. 

(Hi) 104,2.1,3. As necessary to complete the plan review 
process, inspect the premises described in the construc- 
tion documents. 

(iv) 104.2.1.4. Pursuant to division (E) of section 1 I 
3791.04 of the Revised Code, the approval of plans and 
specifications by the building code official is a "license " 
to construct the building or structure in accordance with 
the approved plans and specifications. 

(3) 104.3 Right of entry. The fire code official shall have the 
authority to enter all buildings or vehicles or upon all premises. 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



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• 



within the fire code official's jurisdiction, at all reasonable 
hours to conduct an examination, inspect or investigate to per- 
form the duties imposed upon the fire code official by this code. 
If such building or premises is occupied, the fire code official 
shall present credentials to the occupant and request entry. If 
such building or premises is unoccupied, the fire code official 
shall first make a reasonable effort to locate the owner or other 
person having charge or control of the building or premises and 
request entry. If entry is refused, the fire code official has 
recourse to every remedy provided by law to secure entry. 

(a) 104.3.1 Warrant. When the fire code official has first 
obtained a proper inspection warrant or other remedy pro- 
vided by law to secure entry, an owner or occupant or person 
having charge, care or control of the building or premises 
shall not fail or neglect, after proper request is made as 
herein provided, to permit entry therein by the fire code offi- 
cial for the purpose of inspection and examination pursuant 
to this code. 

(4) 104.4 Identification. The fire code official shall carry 
proper identification when inspecting structures or premises in 
the performance of duties under this code. 

(5) 104.5 Notices and orders. The fire code official is autho- 
rized to issue such notices or orders as are required to affect 
comphance with this code in accordance with paragraph 
(I)(109) of this rule. 

(6) 104.6 Official records. The fire code official shall keep 
official records as required by paragraphs (D)(6)(a)( 104.6.1) 
to (D)(6)(d)(104.6.4) of this rule. Such official records shall be 
retained in accordance with the provisions of Chapter 149. of 
the Revised Code. 

(a) 104.6.1 Approvals. A record of approvals shall be main- 
tained by the fire code official and shall be available for pub- 
lic inspection during business hours in accordance with 
applicable laws. 

(b) 104.6.2 Inspections. The fire code official shall keep a 
record of each inspection made, including notices and 
orders issued, showing the findings and disposition of each. 

(c) 104.6.3 Fire records. The fire department shall keep a 
record of fires occurring within its jurisdiction and of facts 
concerning the same, including statistics as to the extent of 
such fires and the damage caused thereby, together with 
other information as required by the fire code official. 

(i) 104.6.3.1 Fire reports. The reports of fire investiga- 
tions required by sections 3737.23 and 3737.24 of the 
Revised Code shall be reported using coding informa- 
tion and procedures prescribed by the United States Fire 
Administration in the "National Fire Incident Reporting 
System (NFIRS) " and sent to the fire marshal in a man- 
ner approved by the fire marshal. The reports shall 
include the "Incident Report," the "Civilian Casualty 
Report," and the "Fire Service Casualty Report." Elec- 
tronic reporting of fire investigations to the fire marshal 
must be in a format approved by both the United States 
Fire Administration and the fire marshal as being com- 
patible with the current version of the "National Fire 
Incident Reporting System." Any electronic reporting 
also must be in a format that is specifically compatible 



with the software used by the fire marshal to process such 
reports and transmitted in a format that has been 
approved by the fire marshal. 

(d) 104.6.4 Administrative. Application for modification, 
alternative methods or materials and the final decision of the 
fire code official shall be in writing and shall be officially 
recorded in the permanent records of the fire code official. 

(7) 104.7 Approved materials and equipment. All materials, 
equipment, devices and methods of construction within the 
scope of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the 
Administrative Code, shall be approved in accordance with the 
provisions of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of 
the Administrative Code. Other materials, equipment and 
devices approved by the fire code official shall be constructed 
and installed in accordance with such approval. The fire code 
official 's approval ofmaterials, equipment and devices shall be 
consistent with the listing and labeling or authenticated 
research reports from authoritative sources as set forth in para- 
graph (0)(115) of this rule for such materials, equipment and 
devices. 

(a) 104.7.1 Material and equipment reuse. Materials, 
equipment and devices shall not be reused or reinstalled 
unless such elements have been reconditioned, tested and 
placed in good and proper working condition and approved. 

(b) 104.7.2 Technical assistance. To determine the accept- 
ability of technologies, processes, products, facilities, mate- 
rials and uses attending the design, operation or use of a 
building or premises subject to inspection by the fire code 
official, the fire code official is authorized to require the 
owner or agent to provide, without charge to the jurisdic- 
tion, a technical opinion and report. The opinion and report 
shall be prepared by a qualified engineer, specialist, labora- 
tory or fire safety specialty organization acceptable to the 
fire code official and shall analyze the fire safety properties 
of the design, operation or use of the building or premises 
and the facilities and appurtenances situated thereon, to rec- 
ommend necessary changes. 

(8) 104.8 Modifications by fire marshal. Whenever there are 
practical difficulties involved in carrying out the provisions of 
the state fire code, the fire marshal, in the fire marshal's discre- 
tion, may modify any provision of the state fire code or any 
other administrative rule promulgated by the fire marshal upon 
written application by an affected party and upon demonstra- 
tion by that party of both of the following: 

1. That the modification will not threaten the public health, 
safety or welfare; and 

2. That the party will provide measures to protect the pub- 
lic health, safety and welfare that are substantially 
equivalent to the measures otherwise required under the 
state fire code. 

(a) 104.8.1. A request for modification submitted pursuant 
to this rule shall only be considered upon production of any 
information or documentation requested by the fire mar- 
shal. The particulars of such modification when granted 
shall be in writing, entered upon the records of the fire mar- 
shal and furnished to the applicant and the authority having 
jurisdiction, if said authority is other than the fire marshal. 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



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(b) 104.8.2. Unless otherwise stipulated by the fire marshal 
upon the granting of a modification, each modification 
granted pursuant to this paragraph shall automatically ter- 
minate one year from the date of its issuance. 

(c) 104.8.3. There shall be no automatic renewals of any 
modification granted pursuant to this paragraph. Each 
modification shall be specifically applied for in writing by 
the requesting party and independently considered by the 
fire marshal. 

(9) 104.9 Alternative materials and methods. The provisions 
of this code are not intended to prevent the installation of any 
material or to prohibit any method of construction not specifi- 
cally prescribed by this code, provided that any such alternative 
has been approved. The fire code official is authorized to 
approve an alternative material or method of construction 
where the fire code official finds that the proposed design is sat- 
isfactory and complies with the intent of the provisions of this 
code, and that the material, method or work offered is, for the 
purpose intended, at least the equivalent of that prescribed in 
this code in quality, strength, effectiveness, fire resistance, 
durability and safety. 

(10) 104.10 Fire investigations. The fire code official in 
accordance with Section 3737.24 of the Revised Code shall 
have the authority to investigate the cause, origin and circum- 
stances of any fire or explosion. 

(a) 104.10.1 Assistance from other agencies. Police and 
other enforcement agencies shall have authority to render 
necessary assistance in the investigation of fires when 
requested to do so in accordance with the laws of this state. 

(11) 104.11 Authority at fires and other emergency inci- 
dents. The fire chief or officer of the fire department in charge 
at the scene of a fire or other emergency involving the protec- 
tion of life or property or any part thereof, shall have the author- 
ity to direct such operation as necessary to extinguish or control 
any fire, perform any rescue operation, investigate the exis- 
tence of suspected or reported fires, gas leaks or other hazard- 
ous conditions or situations, or take any other action necessary 
in the reasonable performance of duty. In the exercise of such 
power, the fire chief is authorized to prohibit any person, vehi- 
cle, vessel or thing from approaching the scene and is autho- 
rized to remove, or cause to be removed or kept away from the 
scene, any vehicle, vessel or thing which could impede or inter- 
fere with the operations of the fire department and, in the judg- 
ment of the fire chief, any person not actually and usefully 
employed in the extinguishing of such fire or in the preserva- 
tion of property in the vicinity thereof. 

(a) 104.11.1 Barricades. The fire chief or officer of the fire 
department in charge at the scene of an emergency is autho- 
rized to place ropes, guards, barricades or other obstructions 
across any street, alley, place or private property in the vicin- 
ity of such operation so as to prevent accidents or interfer- 
ence with the lawful efforts of the fire department to manage 
and control the situation and to handle fire apparatus. 

(b) 104.11.2 Obstructing operations. No person shall 
obstruct the operations of the fire department in connection 
with extinguishment or control of any fire, or actions rela- 
tive to other emergencies, or disobey any lawful command 



of the fire chief or officer of the fire department in charge of 
the emergency, or any part thereof, or any lawful order of a 
police officer assisting the fire department. 

(c) 104.11.3 Systems and devices. No person shall render a 
system or device inoperative during an emergency unless by 
direction of the fire chief or fire department official in 
charge of the incident. 

(d) 104.11.4 Evacuation. The fire department official in 
charge of an incident shall be authorized to order the imme- 
diate evacuation of any occupied building deemed unsafe 
when such building has hazardous conditions that present 
imminent danger to building occupants. Persons so notified 
shall immediately leave the structure or premises and shall 
not enter or re-enter until authorized to do so by the fire 
department official in charge of the incident. 



(E) SECTION 105 
PERMITS 

(1) 105.1 General. Permits shall be in accordance with this 
paragraph. 

(a) 105.1.1 Permits. When required, permits shall be 
obtained from the fire code official for installations or opera- 
tions regulated by this code. Permit fees, if any, shall be paid 
prior to issuance of the permit. Issued permits shall be kept on 
the premises designated therein at all times and shall be 
readily available for inspection by the fire code official. 

(i) 105.1.1.1 Mandatory permits. The following installa- 
tions or operations require a permit. Such permits shall 
be obtained from the fire code official as follows: 

(a) 105.1.1.1.1 Explosives. A permit is required for the 
manfacture, processing or storage of explosives and 
explosive materials. In addition to any discretionary 
permits for explosives required by the local fire code 
official, permits for explosives storage and explosive 
material storage shall be obtainedfrom the fire marshal. 

Exception: Fireworks exhibition storage pursuant 
to paragraph (J)(3310) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the 
Administrative Code. 

(b) 105.1.1.1.2 Flammable and combustible liquid 
tanks. A permit is required to install, alter, place tem- 
porarily out of service, remove, abandon or otherwise 
dispose of a flammable or combustible liquid tank or 
any line or dispensing device connected thereto. Per- 
mits to install, alter, remove, abandon or otherwise 
dispose of a flammable or combustible liquid tank or 
any line or dispensing device connected thereto shall 
be obtainedfrom the fire marshal when such permits 
are not issued by the local fire code official. 

(c) 105.1.1.1.3 LP-gas system. A permit is required 
for the stationary installation or modification to a sta- 
tionary LP-gas system located on state property. Per- 
mits for the stationary installation or modification to 
a stationary LP-gas system located on state property 
shall be obtained from the fire marshal when such 
permits are not issued by the local fire code official. 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



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II 



(d) 105.1.1.1.4 Standpipe systems. A permit is 
required for the removal of a standpipe system or 
appurtenances located on state property. Permits 
required for the removal of a standpipe system or 
appurtenances located on state owned property shall 
be obtained from the fire marshal when such permits 
are not issued by the local fire code official. 

(e) 105.1.1.1.5 Temporary membrane structures, 
tents and canopies. A permit is required for the con- 
struction of an air-supported temporary membrane 
structure or a tent having an area in excess of 200 
square feet (19 m^) or a canopy in excess of 400 
square feet (37 m^) when such structure, tent or can- 
opy is erected on state property. Permits required for 
the construction of an air-supported temporary mem- 
brane structure or a tent having an area in excess of 
200 square feet (19 m^) or a canopy in excess of 400 
square feet (37 m^) when such structure, tent or can- 
opy is erected on state owned property or on a 
licensed premises as defined in 1301:7-7-02 shall be 
obtained from the fire marshal when such permits are 
not issued by the local fire code official. 

(f) 105.1.1.1.6 Exhibition of fireworks. A permit is 
required for the temporary storage and exhibition of 
fireworks as set forth in Revised Code Chapter 3743. 
and rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 
Permits required for the temporary storage and exhi- 
bition of fireworks shall be obtained from the local fire 
code official in accordance with the provisions of the 
Revised Code and rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Adminis- 
trative Code. 

(ii) 105.1.1.2 Discretionary permits. The local fire code 
official is authorized, but not required, to establish a per- 
mit program and issue a permit for the hazardous activi- 
ties set forth in the appendix to this rule. 

(Hi) 105.1.1.3 Notification of hazardous activities. 

When a permit is not required to engage in any hazard- 
ous activity set forth in the appendix to this rule, the per- 
son intending to engage in the hazardous activity shall 
first notify the local fire code official of that person's 
intent to engage in that hazardous activity. 

(b) 105.1.2 Types of permits. 

(i) Operational permit. An operational permit allows the 
applicant to conduct an operation or a business for which 
a permit is to be issued for either: 

(a) A prescribed period. 

(b) Until renewed or revoked. 

(ii) Construction permit. A construction permit allows 
the applicant to install or modify systems and equipment 
for which a permit is to be issued. 

(c) 105.1.3 Permits for the same location. When more than 
one permit is required for the same location, the fire code 
official is authorized to consolidate such permits into a sin- 
gle permit provided that each provision is listed in the per- 
mit. 



(2) 105.2 Application. Application for a permit required by 
this code shall be made to the fire code official in such form and 
detail as prescribed by the fire code official. Applications for 
permits shall be accompanied by such plans as prescribed by 
the fire code official. The requirement for plan review for fire 
protection systems in structures regulated by the building code 
as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code sub- 
mitted for plan review in accordance with this paragraph is 
subject to and does not supersede or otherwise conflict with the 
requirements of paragraph (D)(2)(a)( 104.2.1) of this rule. 

(a) 105.2.1 Refusal to issue permit. If the application for a 
permit describes a use that does not conform to the require- 
ments of this code and other pertinent laws and ordinances, 
the fire code official shall not issue a permit, but shall return 
the application to the applicant with the refusal to issue such 
permit. Such refusal shall, when requested, be in writing 
and shall contain the reasons for refusal. 

(b) 105.2.2 Inspection authorized. Before a new opera- 
tional permit is approved, the fire code official is authorized 
to inspect the receptacles, vehicles, buildings, devices, pre- 
mises, storage spaces or areas to be used to determine com- 
pliance with this code or any operational constraints 
required. 

(c) 105.2.3 Time limitation of application. An application 
for a permit for any proposed work or operation shall be 
deemed to have been abandoned six months after the date of 
filing, unless such application has been diligently prose- 
cuted or a permit shall have been issued; except that the fire 
code official is authorized to grant one or more extensions of 
time for additional periods not exceeding ninety days each if I I 
there is reasonable cause. 

(d) 105.2.4 Action on application. The fire code official 
shall examine or cause to be examined applications for per- 
mits and amendments thereto within a reasonable time after 
filing. If the application or the construction documents do 
not conform to the requirements of pertinent laws, the fire 
code official shall reject such application in writing, stating 
the reasons therefore. If the fire code official is satisfied that 
the proposed work or operation conforms to the require- 
ments of this code and laws and ordinances applicable 
thereto, the fire code official shall issue a permit therefore as 
soon as practicable. 

(3) 105.3 Conditions of a permit. A permit shall constitute 
permission to maintain, store or handle materials; or to conduct 
processes which produce conditions hazardous to life or prop- 
erty; or to install equipment utilized in connection with such 
activities; or to install or modify any fire protection system or 
equipment or any other construction, equipment installation or 
modification in accordance with the provisions of this code 
where a permit is issued. When issued, such permission shall 
not be construed as authority to violate, cancel or set aside any 
of the provisions of this code or other applicable regulations or 
laws of the jurisdiction. 

(a) 105.3.1 Expiration. An operational permit, when 
issued, shall remain in effect until reissued, renewed, or 
revoked or for such a period of time as specified in the per- 
mit. Construction permits, when issued, shall automatically 
become invalid unless the work authorized by such permit is 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



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I I commenced within one hundred eighty days after its issu- 
ance, or if the work authorized by such permit is suspended 

I I or abandoned for a period of one hundred eighty days after 
the time the work is commenced. Before such work recom- 
mences, a new permit shall be first obtained and the fee to 
recommence work, if any, shall be one-half the amount 
required for a new permit, when issued, for such work, pro- 
vided no changes have been made or will be made in the 
original construction documents for such work, and pro- 
vided further that such suspension or abandonment has not 
exceeded one year. When issued, permits are not transfer- 
able and any change in occupancy, operation, tenancy or 
ownership shall require that a new permit be issued. 

(b) 105.3.2 Extensions. A permittee holding an unexpired 
permit shall have the right to apply for an extension of the 
time within which the permittee will commence work under 
that permit when work is unable to be commenced within 
the time required by this paragraph for good and satisfac- 
tory reasons. The fire code official is authorized to grant, in 
writing, one or more extensions of the time period of a per- 

I I mit for periods of not more than ninety days each. Such 
extensions shall be requested by the permit holder in writing 
and justifiable cause demonstrated. 

(c) 105.3.3 Occupancy. Prior to the issuance by the build- 
ing official of any certificate of occupancy for any building 
subject to paragraph (D)(2)(a)(104.2.1) of this rule, the 
responsible person shall notify the fire code official to be 
present to witness the acceptance testing of all fire protec- 
tion systems. Prior to the issuance by the building official of 
any certificate of occupancy for any building subject to 
paragraph (D)(2)(a)( 104.2.1) of this rule, the responsible 
person shall notify the fire code official to conduct a final 
inspection. The fire code official shall report any deficien- 
cies of the fire protection systems to the building official. No 
structure or building, or any portion thereof, shall be occu- 
pied unless: 

(i) 105.3.3.1. Such structures or buildings or portions 
thereof are in substantial compliance with the applicable 
provisions of this code and the building code as refer- 
enced in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code; or 

(ii) 105.3.3.2. The structure or building, or any portion 
thereof, does not constitute a distinct hazard to life and 
property in accordance with the provisions of this code. 

(d) 105.3.4 Conditional approvals and permits. Where 
approval by the fire code official or permits are required and 
upon the request of the applicant, the fire code official is 
authorized to issue a conditional approval or permit to 
engage in the permitted activity or use provided that the per- 
mitted activity or use is safe and does not endanger life or 
public welfare. The fire code official shall notify the appli- 
cant of any limitations or restrictions necessary to keep the 
regulated activity or use safe. The holder of a conditional 
approval or permit shall proceed only to the point for which 
approval has been given, at the applicant's own risk and 
without assurance that approval for the occupancy or the uti- 
lization of the entire premises, equipment or operations will 
be granted. 



(e) 105.3.5 Posting the permit. Issued permits shall be kept 
on the premises designated therein at all times and shall be 
readily available for inspection by the fire code official. 

(f) 105.3.6 Compliance with code. The issuance or grant- 
ing of a permit shall not be construed to be a permit for, or an 
approval of, any violation of any of the provisions of this 
code or any other ordinance of the jurisdiction. Permits pre- 
suming to give authority to violate or cancel the provisions 
of this code or other ordinances of the jurisdiction shall not 
be valid. The issuance of a permit based on construction 
documents and other data shall not prevent the fire code offi- 
cial from requiring the correction of errors in the construc- 
tion documents and other data. Any addition to or alteration 
of approved construction documents shall be approved in 
advance by the fu^e code official, as evidenced by the issu- 
ance of a new or amended permit. 

(i) 105.3.6.1 For structures regulated by the building 
code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative 
Code. If a building official issues a permit, plan approval 
or certificate of occupancy for a structure in accordance 
with the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the 
Administrative Code for a structure regulated by this 
code, the responsible person is not exempted from com- 
pliance with this code, including provisions for fire safety 
functions. If a review of fire protection system plans in 
accordance with paragraph (D)(2)(a)( 104.2.1) of this \ 
rule is not completed or a permit for construction is not 
issued pursuant to this code, the absence of such review 
or permit does not prohibit construction from occurring 
in accordance with the building official's approval. 

(g) 105.3.7 Information on the permit. The fire code offi- 
cial shall issue all permits required by this code on an 
approved form furnished for that purpose. The permit shall 
contain a general description of the operation or occupancy 
and its location and any other information required by the 
fire code official. Issued permits shall bear the signature of 
the fire code official or other approved legal authorization. 

(4) 105.4 Construction documents. Construction documents 
shall be in accordance with this paragraph. The requirement 
for plan review of fire protection systems in structures regu- 
lated by the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the 
Administrative Code submitted for plan review in accordance 
with this paragraph is subject to and does not supersede or oth- 
erwise conflict with the requirements of paragraphs 
(D)(2)(a)(104.2.1) of this rule. 

(a) 105.4.1 Submittals. Construction documents shall be 
submitted in one or more sets and in such form and detail as 
required by the fire code official. The construction docu- 
ments shall be prepared by a registered design professional 
where required by the Revised Code. 

(b) 105.4.2 Information on construction documents. 

Construction documents shall be drawn to scale upon suit- 
able material. Electronic media documents are allowed to be 
submitted when approved by the fire code official. Con- 
struction documents shall be of sufficient clarity to indicate 
the location, nature and extent of the work proposed and 
show in detail that it will conform to the provisions of this 



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code and relevant laws, ordinances, rules and regulations as 
determined by the fire code official. 

(c) 105.4.3 Applicant responsibility. It shall be the respon- 
sibility of the applicant to ensure that the construction docu- 
ments include all of the fire protection requirements and the 
shop drawings are complete and in compliance with the 
applicable codes and standards. 

(d) 105.4.4 Approved documents. Construction docu- 
ments reviewed by the fire code official in accordance with 
paragraph (D)(2)(a)( 104.2.1) of this rule or construction 
documents approved by the fire code official are reviewed 
and approved with the intent that such construction docu- 
ments comply in all respects with this code. Review and 
approval by the fire code official shall not relieve the appli- 
cant of the responsibility of compliance with this code. 

(e) 105.4.5 Corrected documents. Where field conditions 
necessitate any substantial change from the approved con- 
struction documents, the fire code official shall have the 
authority to require the corrected construction documents to 
be submitted for approval. 

(i) 105.4.5.1. Where actual construction demonstrates 
substantial deviation from the construction documents 
approved by the building code official, the fire code offi- 
cial shall have the authority to require the responsible 
party to submit corrected construction documents to the 
building code official having jurisdiction for approval in 
accordance with the building code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code and to the fire 
code official for review in accordance with paragraph 
(D)(2)(104.2) of this rule. 

(f) 105.4.6 Retention of construction documents. One set 

of construction documents shall be retained by the fire code 
official until final approval of the work covered therein. One 
set of approved construction documents shall be returned to 
the applicant, and said set shall be kept on the site of the 
building or work at all times during which the work autho- 
rized thereby is in progress. 

(5) 105.5 Revocation. The fire code official is authorized to 
revoke a permit issued under the provisions of this code when it 
is found by inspection or otherwise that there has been a false 
statement or misrepresentation as to the material facts in the 
application or construction documents on which the permit or 
approval was based including, but not limited to, any one of the 
following: 

(a) The permit is used for a location or establishment other 
than that for which it was issued. 

(b) The permit is used for a condition or activity other than 
that listed in the permit. 

(c) Conditions and limitations set forth in the permit have 
been violated. 

(d) There have been any false statements or misrepresenta- 
tions as to the material fact in the application for permit 
or plans submitted or a condition of the permit. 

(e) The permit is used by a different person or firm than the 
name for which it was issued. 



(f) The permittee failed, refused or neglected to comply 
with orders or notices duly served in accordance with 
the provisions of this code within the time provided 
therein. 

(g) The permit was issued in error or in violation of an ordi- 
nance, regulation or this code. 

(6) 105.6 Operational permits. The local fne code official and, 
when specified in this rule, the fire marshal are authorized to 
issue operational permits for the hazardous operations as pro- 
vided for in this rule. 

(7) 105.7 Construction permits. The local fire code official 
and, when specified in this rule, the fire marshal are authorized 
to issue construction permits for work as provided for in this 
rule. 

(8) 105.8 Local permit fees. When permits are issued by the 
local fire code official, the local fire code official is authorized, 
but not required to, establish and collect fees for such permits 
in accordance with the applicable law. 



(F) SECTION 106 
INSPECTIONS 

(1) 106.1 Inspection authority. The fire code official is autho- 
rized to enter and examine any building, structure, marine ves- 
sel, vehicle or premises in accordance with paragraph 
(D)(3)(104.3) of this rule for the purpose of enforcing this 
code. 

(2) 106.2 Inspections. The fire code official is authorized to 
conduct such inspections as are deemed necessary to determine 
the extent of compliance with the provisions of this code and to 
approve reports of inspection by approved agencies or individ- 
uals. All reports of such inspections shall be prepared and sub- 
mitted in writing for review and approval. Inspection reports 
shall be certified by a responsible officer of such approved 
agency or by the responsible individual. The fire code official is 
authorized to engage such expert opinion as deemed necessary 
to report upon unusual, detailed or complex technical issues 
subject to the approval of the governing body. 

(3) 106.3 Concealed work. Whenever any installation subject 

to an inspection as required by this code or Chapter 3731., \ \ 
3737., or 3743. of the Revised Code prior to its use is covered or 
concealed without having first been inspected, the responsible 
party must uncover the work for fire code official inspection. 

(4) 106.4 Approvals. Approval as the result of an inspection 
shall not be construed to be an approval of a violation of the 
provisions of this code or of other ordinances of the jurisdic- 
tion. Inspections presuming to give authority to violate or can- 
cel provisions of this code or of other ordinances of the 
jurisdiction shall not be valid. 



(G) SECTION 107 
MAINTENANCE 

(1) 107.1 Maintenance of safeguards. Whenever or wherever 
any device, equipment, system, condition, arrangement, level 
of protection, or any other feature is required for compliance 
with the provisions of this code, or otherwise installed, such 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



ADMINISTRATION 



device, equipment, system, condition, arrangement, level of 
protection, or other feature shall thereafter be continuously 
maintained in accordance with this code and applicable refer- 
enced standards. 

(2) 107.2 Testing and operation. Equipment requiring peri- 
odic testing or operation to ensure maintenance shall be tested 
or operated as specified in this code. 

(a) 107.2.1 Test and inspection records. Required test and 
inspection records shall be available to the fire code official 
at all times or such records as the fire code official desig- 
nates shall be filed with the fire code official. 

(b) 107.2.2 Reinspection and testing. Where any work or 
installation does not pass an initial test or inspection, the 
necessary corrections shall be made so as to achieve compli- 
ance with this code. The work or installation shall then be 
resubmitted to the fire code official for inspection and test- 
ing. 

(3) 107.3 Supervision. Maintenance and testing shall be under 
the supervision of a responsible person who shall ensure that 
such maintenance and testing are conducted at specified inter- 
vals in accordance with this code. 

(4) 107.4 Rendering equipment inoperable. Portable or fixed 
fu-e-extinguishing systems or devices and fire-waming sys- 
tems shall not be rendered inoperative or inaccessible except as 
necessary during emergencies, maintenance, repairs, alter- 
ations, drills or prescribed testing. 

(5) 107.5 Owner/occupant responsibility. Correction and 
abatement of violations of this code shall be the responsibility 
of the owner. If an occupant creates, or allows to be created, 
hazardous conditions in violation of this code, the occupant 
shall be held responsible for the abatement of such hazardous 
conditions. 

(6) 107.6 Overcrowding. Overcrowding or admittance of any 
person beyond the approved capacity of a building or a portion 
thereof shall not be allowed. The fire code official, upon find- 
ing any overcrowding conditions or obstructions in aisles, pas- 
sageways or other means of egress, or upon finding any 
condition which constitutes a life safety hazard, shall be autho- 
rized to cause the event to be stopped until such condition or 
obstruction is corrected. 



(H) SECTION 108 
APPEAL OF ORDERS 

(1) 108.1 Appeals of orders. Appeals of orders made by the fire 
code official relative to the application of this code shall be in 
accordance with the provisions of Chapters 3737. and 3781 of 
the Revised Code. 



(I) SECTION 109 
VIOLATIONS 

(1) 109.1 Unlawful acts. It shall be unlawful for a person, firm 
or corporation to erect, construct, alter, repair, remove, demol- 
ish or utilize a building, occupancy, premises or system regu- 
lated by this code, or cause same to be done, in conflict with or 
in violation of any of the provisions of this code. 



(a) 109.1.1 Fire code enforcement. If upon inspection or 
investigation, the fire marshal, an assistant fire marshal, or 
a certified fire safety inspector believes that the state fire 
code has been violated, the fire marshal, assistant fire mar- 
shal, or certified fire safety inspector shall issue a citation to 
the responsible person in accordance with section 3737.42 
of the Revised Code and paragraph (I)(3)(109.3) of this 
rule. 

(i) 109.1.1.1. If a violation of this code has no direct or 
immediate relationship to safety or health, the fire mar- 
shal, assistant fire marshal, or the certified fire safety 
inspector may issue a notice in lieu of a citation with 
respect to such de minimis violation in accordance with 
paragraph (I)(2)( 109.2) of this rule. 

(b) 109.1.2 Enforcement to remedy dangerous conditions. 

If the fire marshal, assistant fire marshal, or certified fire 
safety inspector, upon examination or inspection, finds a 
building or other structure especially liable to fire or endan- 
gers life or other buildings or property, or finds a building or 
any premises with combustible, explosive or flammable 
materials which are dangerous to the safety of persons finds 
any structure, tank, container or vehicle used for the stor- 
age, handling or transportation of flammable or combusti- 
ble materials to be dangerous to the safety of persons, the 
fire marshal, assistant fire marshal, or certified fire safety 
inspector shall issue a citation in accordance with section 
3737.41 of the Revised Code and paragraph (I)(3)( 109.3) of 
this rule. 

(2) 109.2 Notice ofde minimis violation. When the fire code 
official finds a building, premises, vehicle, storage facility or 
outdoor area that is in violation of this code, but such a viola- 
tion has no direct or immediate relationship to safety or health, 
the fu-e code official is authorized to prepare a written notice of 
violation describing the conditions deemed unsafe and, when 
compliance is not immediate, specifying a time for reinspec- 
tion. 

(a) 109.2.1 Service. A notice of violation issued pursuant to 
this code shall be served upon the owner, operator, occu- 
pant, or other person responsible for the condition or viola- 
tion, either by personal service, mail, or by delivering the 
same to, and leaving it with, some person of responsibility 
upon the premises. For unattended or abandoned locations, 
a copy of such notice of violation shall be posted on the pre- 
mises in a conspicuous place at or near the entrance to such 
premises and the notice of violation shall be mailed by certi- 
fied mail with return receipt requested or a certificate of 
mailing, to the last known address of the owner, occupant or 
both. 

(b) 109.2.2 Compliance with orders and notices. A notice 
of violation issued or served as provided by this code shall 
be complied with by the owner, operator, occupant or other 
person responsible for the condition or violation to which 
the notice of violation pertains. 

(c) 109.2.3 Remedies for noncompliance. If the notice of 
violation is not complied with promptly, the fire code offi- 
cial is authorized to take further enforcement actions in 
accordance with paragraph (I)(3)(109.3) of this rule or to 
request the legal counsel of the jurisdiction to institute the 



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2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



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II 



appropriate legal proceedings at law or in equity to restrain, 
correct or abate such violation of this code or of the order or 
direction made pursuant hereto. 

(d) 109.2.4 Unauthorized tampering. Signs, tags or seals 
posted or affixed by the fire code official shall not be muti- 
lated, destroyed or tampered with or removed without 
authorization fi-om the fire code official. 

(3) 109.3 Citations and notices of hearing. Issuance and 
enforcement of citations and orders are regulated by sections 
3737.41 to 3737.46 of the Revised Code. Citations, orders and 
notices of hearing shall be issued in accordance with this para- 
graph. 

(a) 109.3.1. Every citation and notice of hearing shall be in 
writing. 

(b) 109.3.2. Every citation shall be issued in accordance 
with Section 3737.41 or 3737.42 of the Revised Code. 

(c) 109.3.3. Every responsible person issued a citation 
under Section 3737.41 or 3737.42 of the Revised Code shall 
be given notice of and the opportunity for a hearing, as pro- 
vided by Section 3737.43 of the Revised Code. 

(d) 109.3.4. Every citation and notice of hearing shall be 
served on the responsible person either personally or by 
certified mail with return receipt requested. If such service is 
unable to be made by either personal delivery or certified 
mail, service shall then be made by regular mail or given by 
publication once in a newspaper in the county in which is 
located the building or premises. 

(e) 109.3.5 Violation civil penalties. Penalties are specified 
in Sections 3737.51 and 3737.99 of the Revised Code. 



(J) SECTION 110 
UNSAFE BUILDINGS 

(1) 110.1 General. If during the inspection of a premises, the 
fire code official finds a building or structure or any building 
system, in whole or in part, constitutes a dangerous condition 
described in division (A), (B) or (C) of section 3737.41 of the 
Revised Code, the fire code official shall issue such citation or 
orders to remove or remedy the conditions as shall be deemed 
necessary in accordance with this rule and shall refer the build- 
ing to the building department for any repairs, alterations, 
remodeling, removing or demolition required. 

(a) 110.1.1 Unsafe conditions. Structures or existing 
equipment that are or hereafter become unsafe or deficient 
because of inadequate means of egress or which constitute a 
fire hazard, or are otherwise dangerous to human life or the 
public welfare, or which involve illegal or improper occu- 
pancy or inadequate maintenance, shall be deemed an 
unsafe condition. A vacant structure which is not secured 
against unauthorized entry as required by paragraph 
(K)(311) of rule 1301:7-7-03 of the Administrative Code 
shall be deemed unsafe. 

(i) If the fire code official finds an unsafe condition as 
described in this paragraph that is especially liable to 
fire or endangers life or other buildings or property, such 
fire code official shall issue a citation and order that the 



responsible person take all necessary remedial actions 
as required by section 3737.41 of the Revised Code. 

(ii) If the fire code official finds an unsafe condition as 
described in this paragraph that violates specific provi- 
sions of this code, such fire code official shall take such 
enforcement actions as provided for in this rule including 
but not limited to, the issuance of a citation pursuant to 
section 3737.42 of the Revised Code. 

(b) 110.1.2 Structural hazards. When an apparent struc- 
tural hazard is caused by the faulty installation, operation or 
malftinction of any of the items or devices governed by this 
code, the fire code official shall immediately notify the 
building code official in accordance with paragraph 
(J)(l)(n0.1) of this rule. 



(K) SECTION 111 
STOP WORK ORDER 

(1) 111.1 Order. Whenever the fire code official finds any 
work relating to the fire prevention provisions of Chapters 
3781. and 3791. of the Revised Code or work subject to para- 
graph (D)(2)(a)( 104.2.1) of this rule contrary to the approved 
plans or work otherwise regulated by this code being per- 
formed in a manner contrary to the provisions of the Revised 
Code, this code, in a dangerous or unsafe manner, the fire code 
official is authorized to issue a stop work order in accordance 
with section 3781.031 of the Revised Code or this code. 

(2) 111.2 Issuance. A stop work order shall be in writing and 
shall be given to the owner of the property, or to the owner's 
agent, or to the person doing the work and a copy shall be pro- 
vided to the building official having jurisdiction. Upon issu- 
ance of a stop work order, the cited work shall immediately 
cease. The stop work order shall state the reason for the order, 
and the conditions under which the cited work is authorized to 
resume. 

(3) 111.3 Emergencies. Where an emergency exists, the fire 
code official shall not be required to give a written notice prior 
to stopping the work. 

(4) 111.4 Failure to comply. Any person who shall continue 
any work after having been served with a stop work order, 
except such work as that person is directed to perform to 
remove a violation or unsafe condition, shall be subject to pen- 
alties in accordance with paragraph (I)(3)(109.3) of this rule. 



{L) SECTION 112 
FIRE MARSHAL PERMITS AND INSPECTION FEES 

(1) 112.1 Permit fees. The fee for all permits issued by the fire 
marshal shall be seventy-five dollars unless specifically indi- 
cated otherwise in this code. 

(a) 112.1.1 Fees for multiple permits. When multiple per- 
mits are applied for to the fire marshal for a specific event or 
approved construction at the same location, such permit 
application may be consolidated into a single permit appli- 
cation. The total fees otherwise required for such multiple 
permits may be consolidated into a single fee, which may be 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



ADMINISTRATION 



reduced at the discretion of the fire marshal in an amount 
proportionate to the corresponding inspection activity. 

(2) 112.2 Construction inspection fees. The fire marshal shall 
require New Construction inspection fees as follows: 

(a) Initial inspection fee of two hundred dollars. 

(b) Re-inspection fee of fifty dollars. 

(c) First follow-up inspection fee of one hundred dollars. 

(d) Second follow-up inspection fee of one hundred-fifty 
dollars. 

(e) Thirdfollow-up inspectionfee of two hundred dollars. 

(f) Fourth follow-up inspection fee of three hundred dol- 
lars. 

• I (g) Subsequent follow-up inspection fees are increased in 
fifty dollar increments. 

(3) 112.3 Fire safety inspection fees: The fire marshal shall 
require fire safety inspection fees for all other inspections as 
follows: 

(a) Inspection fee of one hundred dollars. 

(b) Re-inspection fee of fifty dollars. 

I I (c) Subsequent re-inspection fees of fifty dollars per 
re-inspection. 

Exceptions: 

1. Licensed hotel and SRO facility inspection fees 
shall be in accordance with paragraph 
(R)(9)(I18.9) of this rule. 

2. Fire safety inspection fees for child daycare and 
child foster homes caring for eleven or fewer chil- 
dren shall be twenty-five dollars. 

3. Fire safety inspection fees for the storage of explo- 
sives and explosive materials are waived for stor- 
age facilities located on a licensed premises 
pursuant to Chapter 3743. of the Revised Code 
and rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 



{M) SECTION 113 
AMENDMENTS TO THE FIRE CODE 

(1) 113.1. When any person desires to petition the fire marshal 
to adopt, amend or rescind a provision of this code, such person 
shall file on a format prescribed by the fire marshal the petition 
with the fire marshal. 

(2) 113.2. The petition shall include the following: 

(a) The date the petition is submitted; 

(b) The number of the section of this code which is pro- 
posed for amendment, adoption or rescission; 

(c) The section numbers of all other sections of this code 
which will be affected by the matter proposed; 

(d) The name and address of the petitioner and the name of 
the petitioner's representative if a representative is 
employed; 



(e) The provisions of this code, which are proposed for 
adoption, amendment or rescission stated in full and in 
the form specified in this rule; 

(f) The reasons for and purpose of the matter proposed; 

(g) The adoption, amendment or rescission of any provi- 
sion of this code shall be accomplished according to 
Chapter 119. of the Revised Code. 

(3) 113.3 Changes. Petitions for adoption, amendment or 
rescission of this code, required under this rule, shall conform 
to the requirements of this rule including: 

(4) 113.4. All matter proposed to be eliminated from this code 
shall be deleted by means of striking through the text. 

(5) 113.5. All proposed new matter to be inserted into this code 
shall be inserted and be underlined. 



(N) SECTION 114 
NOTICE OF PUBLIC HEARING 

(1) 114.1 Procedures. The procedure of the fire marshal for 
giving public notice for the adoption, amendment or recession 
of the rules under Chapter 119. of the Revised Code shall be in 
accordance with this paragraph. 

(2) 114.2. The fire marshal shall cause: 

(a) A statement of its intention to consider adopting, 
amending or rescinding a rule; 

(b) A synopsis of the proposed rule, amendment, or rule to 
be rescinded or a general statement of the subject mat- 
ter to which the proposed rule, amendment, or rescis- 
sion relates; 

(c) A statement of the reason or purpose for adopting, 
amending or rescinding the rule; 

(d) The date, time, and place of the public hearing on the 
proposed action, to be published in the fire marshal's 
newsletter or fire safety alert at least thirty days prior 
to the public hearing. 

(e) Public notice to be filed with the Legislative Service 
Commission and the Joint Commission on Agency Rule 
Review on the Register of Ohio. 

(3) 114.3. The fire marshal shall be authorized to give addi- 
tional notice to such public hearing as the fire marshal deems 
necessary; however, the giving of such additional notice shall 
not be mandatory and the failure to give notice by any means 
other than as specified in paragraph (N)(2)(I14.2) of this rule 
shall not in any way invalidate any action which may be taken 
by the fire marshal. 



{O) SECTION 115 

RESEARCH REPORTS AND TESTING 

LABORATORIES 

(1) 115.1. In those cases in which a product is proposed for use 
in Ohio, but such product does not meet specific standards set 
by the "Ohio Fire Code," the fire marshal may require authen- 
ticated research reports from approved authoritative sources to 
assist in determining the acceptability of that product. 



10 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



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(2) 115.2. Authoritative sources recognized by the fire marshal 
include, but are not limited to: 

"American National Standards Institute, Inc. (ANSI) 

25 West 43rd Street 

New York, New York 10018" 

"American Society of Testing Materials (ASTM) 

100 Barr Harbor Drive 

West Conshohocken, Pennsylvania 19428-2959" 

"Applied Research Laboratories of Florida, Inc. 

650 Palm Avenue 

P.O. Box 489 

Hialeah, Florida 33011" 

"Bowser-Momer Testing Lab, Inc. 
4518 Taylor sville Road 
P.O. Box 51 
Dayton, Ohio 45424" 

"Canadian Standards Association or CSA International 
8501 East Pleasant Valley Road 
Cleveland, Ohio 44131-5575" 

"Engineering Experiment Station 
The Ohio State University 
2070 Neil Avenue 
Columbus, Ohio 43210" 

"Factory Mutual Research Corporation (FM) 
1151 Boston-Providence Turnpike 
Norwood, Massachusetts 02062 " 

"Guardian Fire Testing Laboratories, Inc. 
399 Prospect Avenue 
Buffalo, New York 14201 " 

"Intertek Testing Services 
24 Groton Avenue 
Cortland, New York 13045" 

"National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) 
Building and Fire Research Laboratory 
100 Bureau Drive 
Building 226, Room B216 
Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899-8600" 

"NSF International 

789 Dixboro Road 

Ann Arbor, Michigan 48105" 

"OMNI-Test Laboratories, Inc. 

5465 SW Western Avenue 

Suite G 

P.O. Box 743 

Beaverton, Oregon 97075" 

"Resource International, Inc. 
281 Enterprise Drive 
Westerville, Ohio 43081" 

"SGS U.S. Testing Laboratories, Inc. 

Headquarters 

5555 Telegraph Road 

Los Angeles, California 90040" 

"Southwest Research Institute 

PO Drawer 28510 

San Antonio, Texas 77228" 



"TolTest, Inc. 
P.O. Box 2186 
1915 North 12th Street 
Toledo, Ohio 43624" 

"Underwriters' Laboratories, Inc. (UL) 
333 Pfingsten Road 
Northbrook, Illinois 60062" 

"Underwriters Laboratories of Canada (ULC) 

7 Crouse Road 

Scarborough, Ontario, Canada MIR 3A9" 



{?) SECTION 116 
FLAMMABILITY OF CONSUMER GOODS 

(1) 116.1. Unless otherwise provided by the Revised Code, the 
federal standards of flammability for consumer goods are 
adopted and incorporated in the state fire code as the minimum 
standards of flammability for consumer goods in Ohio. If such 
federal standards change subsequent to the effective date of 
this rule, only those rules or portions of those rules which are 
identical to the federal standards shall remain in effect. 



{Q) SECTION 117 
PROCEDURE IN THE EVENT OF FIRE 

(1) 117.1 Notification of fires. In the event of an unfriendly fire 
(as defined in rule 1301:7-7-02 of the Administrative Code) in 
any building or premises, the responsible person (as defined in 
rule 1301:7-7-02 of the Administrative Code) shall immedi- 
ately and with all reasonable dispatch and diligence, call or 
otherwise notify the fire department concerning the fire and 
shall spread an alarm immediately to all occupants of the 
building or premises. 

(2) 117.2 Reporting of fires. Unfriendly fires shall be reported 
to the fire department having jurisdiction. The fire chief or 
designee shall make a report and forward a copy of said report 
to the fire marshal of such unfriendly fires as required by sec- 
tion 3737.24 of the Revised Code. 



(R) SECTION 118 
HOTEL AND SRO FACILITY LICENSE 

(1) 118.1 License to operate a hotel or SRO facility. No person 
shall keep, use, maintain, advertise, hold accommodations out 
to the public or operate a hotel or SRO facility without a valid 
license as issued by the fire marshal pursuant to Chapter 3731. 
of the Revised Code. The responsible person shall obtain, and 
the fire marshal shall only issue, a hotel or SRO facility license 
pursuant to Chapter 3731. of the Revised Code. For those facil- 
ities defined as a hotel or SRO facility in section 3731.01 of the 
Revised Code, the issuance of a license shall be contingent 
upon compliance with Chapter 3731. of the Revised Code and 
rules adopted pursuant to section 3731.02 of the Revised Code. 

(a) 118.1.1. For the purpose of this code, a "hotel" means 
either of the following licensure categories: 

(i) Transient hotel. Any structure consisting of one or 
more buildings, with more than five sleeping rooms, that 
is kept, used, maintained, advertised, or held out to the 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



11 



ADMINISTRATION 



public to be a place where sleeping accommodations are 
offered for pay to transient guests for a period of thirty 
days or less, including but not limited to, such a structure 
denoted as a hotel, motel, motor hotel, lodge, motor 
lodge, bed and breakfast, or inn. The licensure category 
for such structures shall be transient hotel. 

(ii) Extended stay hotel. Any structure consisting of one 
or more buildings, with more than five sleeping rooms, 
that is specifically constructed, kept, used, maintained, 
advertised, and held out to the public to be a place where 
temporary residence is offered for pay to persons, includ- 
ing, but not limited to, an extended stay hotel or extended 
stay motel that is specifically constructed, and approved 
by the building official having jurisdiction over it and by 
the fire marshal, for extended stay temporary residence 
by persons, and that contains six or more dwelling units 
with provision for living, eating, cooking, sanitation, and 
sleeping. The licensure category for such structures shall 
be extended stay hotel. This licensure category shall also 
include a hotel that contains both transient and extended 
stay rooms where the use of all such rooms is identified 
and approved in accordance with this rule. 

(a) "Temporary residence" means six or more 
dwelling unit accommodations within a single 
structure, other than those excluded in para- 
graph (R)(l)(d)( 118.1.4) of this rule, offered for 
pay to persons for a period of one year or less. 

(b) After the effective date of this paragraph, the fire 
marshal shall not approve as an extended stay 
hotel and no person shall operate a structure as a 
temporary residence as defined in this para- 
graph unless it has a valid certificate of occu- 
pancy as described in paragraph 
(R)(10)(b)(ii)(l 18.10.2.2) of this rule and has 
been confirmed by fire marshal inspection to 
contain six or more dwelling units to be licensed 
as extended stay hotel rooms with provisions for 
living, eating, cooking, sanitation, and sleeping. 

(i) Provisions for cooking within each dwell- 
ing unit include, at a minimum, space for 
food preparation with one cooking appli- 
ance approved pursuant to division (B) of 
section 3731.15 of the Revised Code and a 
properly plumbed kitchen sink. 

(ii) Provisions for eating within each dwelling 
unit include, at a minimum, a space with 
appropriate furnishings for the consump- 
tion of food. 

(Hi) Provisions for living within each dwelling 
unit include, at a minimum, a habitable 
space with proper heat, ventilation, light- 
ing and furnishings. 

(iv) Provisions for sanitation include, at a min- 
imum, a bath area for personal hygiene 
separate from other areas of the dwelling 
unit that is equipped with a properly 



plumbed water closet, lavatory, and 
tub/shower. 

(v) Provisions for sleeping include, at a mini- 
mum, a sleeping area with adequate sleep- 
ing accommodations for each guest such 
as a bed, bunk, cot or other furniture 
designed for sleeping and the accompany- 
ing bedding (white cotton or linen). 

(b) 118.1.2. A "SRO facility " is a facility with more than five 
sleeping rooms that is kept, used, maintained, advertised, or 
held out to the public as a place where sleeping rooms are 
offered on a single room occupancy (SRO) basis and 
intended for use as a primary residence for residential 
guests for a period of more than thirty days. 

(i) 118.1.2.1. A "SRO facility" shall include at a mini- 
mum, a sleeping area with adequate sleeping accommo- 
dations for the guest such as a bed, bunk, cot or other 
furniture designed for sleeping. 

(c) 118.1.3. "Hotel" does not include agricultural labor 
camps, apartment houses, lodging houses, rooming houses, 
or hospital or college dormitories. 

(i) "Agricultural labor camp" means camps as defined 
in section 3733.41 of the Revised Code. 

(ii) "Apartment house" means occupancies subject to 
Chapter 5321. of the Revised Code. 

(d) 118.1.4. Except where specifically provided, this rule 
does not apply to apartment buildings and other structures 
or portions thereof that are either residential premises sub- 
ject to Title Llll. of the Revised Code or a similar residential 
occupancy . 

(i) 118.1.4.1. "Residential premises" shall have the 
same meaning as the term is defined in section 5321.01 
of the Revised Code. 

(e) 118.1.5. No person licensed to maintain and operate a 
hotel or SRO facility shall also maintain and operate an 
agricultural labor camp, apartment house, lodging house, 
rooming house, or hospital or college dormitory in the same 
structure as is located the licensed hotel or SRO facility, 
unless the agricultural labor camp, apartment house, lodg- 
ing house, rooming house, or hospital or college dormitory 
has been constructed as, and been approved by the building 
official having jurisdiction over it and by the fire marshal as 
being, a separate building within the hotel or SRO facility 
structure in accordance with approved building separation 
rated assemblies. 

(i) 118.1.5.1. Upon initial application for licensure or 
upon request of the fire marshal, a hotel or SRO facility 
seeking approval of separated uses as described in para- 
graph (R)(l)(e)(l 18.1.5) of this rule, must submit to the 
fire marshal a valid certificate of occupancy that clearly 
indicates the separation of such uses as issued by the 
building official having jurisdiction and other documen- 
tation requested by the fire marshal. 

(ii) 118.1.5.2. The fire marshal shall not issue more than 
one hotel license for any structure. 



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(2) 118.2 License fees. The initial licensure fee for a newly con- 
structed hotel or SRO facility shall be: 

(a) For all hotels or SRO facilities with exterior corridor 
rooms only, two thousand dollars; 

(b) For all hotels or SRO facilities with interior corridor 
rooms only, three thousand dollars; 

(c) For all hotels or SRO facilities with exterior or interior 
corridor rooms and places of assembly, such as restaurant, 
lounge, banquet facility, etc., four thousand dollars. 

Any existing facility that applies for a hotel or SRO facility 
license under this paragraph shall be assessed an initial 
licensure fee equivalent to the standard renewal fee. 

I (3) 118.3 Renewal fees. On or before December first of each 
year a renewal application as prescribed by the fire marshal 
shall be submitted with the appropriate renewal fee. Renewal 
applications shall not be accepted on or after the last day of 
December of each yean The renewal fee for each hotel or SRO 
facility license shall be a minimum of one hundred ten dollars 
or one dollar per room whichever is greater 

(4) 118.4 Transfer and information changes. If the ownership 
of a hotel or SRO facility is transferred from one person to 
another person, upon the sale or disposition of the hotel or SRO 
facility or its removal to a new location, the new owner shall 
request a transfer of the license from the fire marshal. No 
license shall be transferred without the consent of the fire mar- 
shal. The transfer of a hotel license shall be contingent upon an 
inspection verifying compliance with Chapter 3731, of the 
Revised Code and rules adopted pursuant to section 3731.02 of 
the Revised Code. 

(a) 118.4.1. The fee for the transfer of a license through a 
true bill of sale shall be five hundred dollars and a com- 
pleted application for transfer shall be accompanied by the 
documentation requested by the fire marshal evidencing the 
sale. 

(b) 118.4.2. If a licensee seeks to remove or transfer a por- 
tion of a currently licensed hotel or SRO facility, then the 
licensee shall notify the fire marshal in writing of such por- 
tions of the licensed hotel or SRO facility premises that are 
to be effected by the change to license information. For any 
person who wishes to obtain a hotel or SRO license for a 
previously licensed portion of a premises, then that person 
shall apply for a new hotel or SRO facility license as pro- 
vided for under this paragraph. The fire marshal shall not 
issue more than one hotel or SRO facility license for a hotel 
or SRO facility or portion thereof as licensed under this 
paragraph. 

(c) 118.4.3. Changes to license information shall require a 
twenty-five dollar fee. 

(5) 118.5. The most current license issued to a hotel or SRO 
facility shall be kept in the office of such hotel or SRO facility 
and produced for review when requested by the fire code offi- 
cial or displayed in a conspicuous and public manner therein. 

(6) 118.6. The fire marshal may refuse to grant any such license 
or permit a license already issued to be transferred. However, 
the aggrieved party shall be heard upon the question and the 



hearing shall be in accordance with Chapter 119. of the 
Revised Code. 

(7) 118.7. The fire marshal may suspend or revoke any such 
license for violation of any provision of Chapter 3731. of the 
Revised Code or the health laws of this state. However, the fire 
marshal shall first notify the licensee in writing of those things 
necessary to effect compliance with the law. If such notice 
proves unavailing for the correction of the infraction and at 
least thirty days have elapsed since it was sent, the fire marshal 
shall comply with the provisions of Chapter 119. of the Revised 
Code prior to the issuance of an order suspending or revoking 
the license, including the requirements of this paragraph. 
However, in the case of imminent danger, the fire marshal or 
authorized representative may proceed pursuant to section 
3737.44 of the Revised Code. 

(a) Notice shall be given to the licensee, by certified mail, 
of the licensee's right to a hearing on the question of 
whether or not the license should be suspended or 
revoked as proposed. 

(b) The notice shall include the reason(s) for such pro- 
posed action, the law or rule allegedly violated, and a 
statement informing the licensee of the entitlement to a 
hearing, if a request is received in the office of the fire 
marshal, within thirty days of the time of mailing the 
notice. 

(c) The notice also shall inform the licensee that the 
licensee may appear in person or by attorney, or pres- 
ent a position in writing; and that at the hearing the 
licensee may present evidence and examine witnesses. 

(d) If the licensee requests a hearing, the fire marshal shall 
immediately set the time and place for such hearing 
and notify the licensee thereof. The date of the hearing 
shall be within fifteen days, but not earlier than seven 
days, after the licensee has requested the hearing. The 
date of the hearing may be continued upon the motion 
of the fire marshal. 

(8) 118.8. Issuance and enforcement of citations and orders of 
the fire marshal involving fire prevention or protection at any 
hotel or SRO facility shall be in accordance with sections 
3737.41 to 3737.46 of the Revised Code and the rules of the 
state fire code. If the fire marshal or authorized representative 
believes that the state fire code or any order of the fire marshal 
has been violated, the fire marshal or authorized representa- 
tive shall with reasonable promptness issue a citation to the 
licensee. Each citation shall be in writing and shall describe 
with particularity the nature of the violation, including refer- 
ence to the state fire code or order allegedly violated, and shall 
state a reasonable time for abatement. The licensee shall post 
the citation as prescribed by the state fire code. The fire mar- 
shal or authorized representative shall notify the licensee, by 
certified mail, of the penalty, if any, proposed to be assessed 
and the right to a hearing in accordance with section 3737.43 
of the Revised Code. 

(9) 118.9 Inspection fees. Any order issued by the fire marshal 
which results in more than three compliance inspections 
and/or re-inspections will result in a fee of fifty dollars for each 
compliance inspection and/or re-inspection in excess of three. 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



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I I (10) 118.10 License limitations. Each applicant for a hotel 
license shall specify on the application provided by the fire 
marshal the appropriate license category, indicating whether 
the facility is: A place where sleeping accommodations are 
offered for pay to transient guests for a period of thirty days or 
less; and/or specifically constructed and used as a temporary 
residence. 

(a) 118.10.1. Each applicant for a hotel or SRO facility 
license shall specify on the application provided by the fire 
marshal which rooms are offered for occupancy for a period 
of thirty days or less. Each applicant for an " extended stay " 
facility license shall specify on the application provided by 
the fire marshal which rooms are offered for occupancy for 
periods exceeding thirty days in accordance with the 
approved certificate of occupancy required by paragraph 

I I (R)(10)(b)(ii)(ll 8.10.2.2) of this rule. 

(b) 118.10.2 Use group classification. Each hotel or SRO 
facility shall provide documentation of a use group classifi- 
cation as approved and issued by the building official hav- 
ing jurisdiction in accordance with the rules adopted by the 
board of building standards and paragraphs 
(R}(10)(i)(b)(118.10.2.I) to (R)(IO)(iii)(b)(l 18.10.2.3) of 
this rule. 

(i) 118.10.2.1. Each applicant for a transient hotel 
licensure category shall provide documentation accom- 
panying the license application as prescribed by the fire 
marshal. Upon initial application or request of the fire 
marshal, such documentation shall include a valid certif- 
icate of occupancy demonstrating approval of sleeping 
accommodations for transient guests for a period of 
thirty days or less. 

(ii) 118.10.2.2. Each applicant for an extended stay 
licensure category shall provide documentation accom- 
panying the license application as prescribed by the fire 
marshal. Upon initial application or request of the fire 
marshal, such documentation shall include a valid certif- 
icate of occupancy demonstrating that each unit the 
licensee intends to use as an extended stay guestroom 
has been specifically approved as a dwelling unit or effi- 
ciency containing provision for living, eating, cooking, 
sanitation and sleeping. 

(iii) 118.10.2.3. Upon initial application or request of 
the fire marshal, each applicant for an SRO facility 
licensure category shall provide a valid certificate of 
occupancy demonstrating a use group classification for 
the SRO facility of R-2 as approved and issued by the 
building official having jurisdiction. Any facility operat- 
ing prior to October 16, 1996, in the nature of an SRO 
facility, whether previously licensed as a hotel or not, 
shall be permitted to provide documentation of a use 
group classification of either R-1 or R-2 as approved and 
issued by the building official having jurisdiction. 

(iv) 118.10.2.4. For any license issued by the fire mar- 
shal pursuant to this paragraph, such license shall only 
be valid for those spaces within a hotel specifically 
approved for occupancy by the building official having 
jurisdiction. 



(c) 118.10.3. Each hotel or SRO facility shall be utilized 
only in accordance with its approved use group classifica- 
tion, and use and occupancy approvals, as listed on its valid 
certificate of occupancy and its approved licensure cate- 
gory. Once the fire marshal has issued a valid license to a 
hotel or SRO facility, the use and occupancy of such hotel or 
SRO facility or any portion thereof shall not change without 
first securing a new valid certificate of occupancy for such 
change. 

(d) 118.10.4. No person shall allow a sleeping room to be 
utilized as a temporary residence as defined in paragraph 
(R)(l)(a)(ii)(a)(I18.1.1) of this rule unless the sleeping 
room has been approved by the building official having 
jurisdiction and the fire marshal as a dwelling unit with pro- 
visions for living, eating, cooking, sanitation, and sleeping. 

(e) 118.10.5. No hotel licensed by the fire marshal that has a 
fire protection system shall use that system to provide fire 
protection for another hotel. 

(f) 118.10.6. No person shall operate a hotel or SRO facility 
in violation of this rule. 

(g) 118.10. 7. Where the owner of a hotel or SRO facility is a 
corporation, the application shall be accompanied by a cer- 
tificate of good standing from the Ohio secretary of state. 

(11) 118.11 Registration. Each hotel or SRO facility shall 
maintain on the premises, a register or guest information 
records or written occupancy agreement for a period of two 
years and provide such information upon request of the fire 
marshal or fire code official. The register, guest information 
records or written occupancy agreement shall clearly indicate 
the dates of arrival and departure for occupants in each 
guestroom. 

(12) 118.12. Each licensed hotel or SRO facility shall maintain 
a responsible person on duty on the premises or provide appro- 
priate notification information posted in a conspicuous place 
visible from the exterior. 

(13) 118.13. No person shall operate a transient hotel as 
defined in this rule without first obtaining a license from the fire 
marshal for the transient hotel licensure category pursuant to 
paragraph (R)(l)(a)(i)(118.1.I) of this rule. I I 

(a) 118.13.1. All hotels or portions thereof licensed in 
accordance with the definition setforth in division (A)(1)(a) \ | 
of section 3731.01 of the Revised Code shall not allow 
guests to stay in guestrooms licensed pursuant to division 
(A)(1)(a) of section 3731.01 of the Revised Code in excess of 
thirty days. 

(14) 118.14. No person shall operate an extended stay hotel as 
defined in this rule without first obtaining a license from the fire 
marshal for the extended stay hotel licensure category pursu- 
ant to paragraph (R)(l)(a)(ii)(l 18.1.1) of this rule. 

(a) 118.14.1. All hotels licensed in accordance with the defi- 
nition setforth in division (A)(1)(b) of section 3731.01 of the I I 
Revised Code shall only permit extended stay guests to stay 

in guestrooms licensed pursuant to division (A)(l )(b) of sec- \ \ 
tion 3731.01 of the Revised Code. 

(b) 118.14.2. The fire marshal shall not grant a license to or 
may revoke the license of any extended stay facility that fails 



14 



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ADMINISTRATION 



to provide a certificate of occupancy in accordance with 
paragraph (R)(10)(b)(ii)(l 18. 10.2.2) of this rule. 

(15) 118.15. Every hotel and SRO facility shall have proper 
plumbing, lighting and ventilation installed and maintained in 
accordance with the building code, plumbing code and 
mechanical code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Adminis- 
trative Code and this code. 

(16) 118.16 Maintenance. The responsible person shall be 
responsible for the safe and proper maintenance of the build- 
ing, structure, premises or lot at all times in accordance with 
this code, other jurisdictional codes and ordinance and the 
International Property Maintenance Code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 



{S) SECTION 119 

SMALL GOVERNMENT FIRE DEPARTMENT 

SERVICES REVOLVING LOAN PROGRAM 

(1) 119.1. As used in this rule: 

(a) "Qualifying small government" has the same meaning 
I I as in division (A) of section 3737.17 of the Revised 

Code. 

(b) "Fire district" means afire district organized under 
section 505.37 of the Revised Code. 

(c) "Joint fire district" means a joint fire district orga- 
nized under section 505.371 of the Revised Code. 

(d) "Fire marshal " means the state fire marshal appointed 
pursuant to section 3737.21 of the Revised Code. 

(e) "Joint fire and ambulance district" means a joint fire 
and ambulance district organized under section 
505.375 of the Revised Code. 

(f) "Loan " means a loan granted under the small govern- 
ment fire department services revolving loan program 
established by section 3737.17 of the Revised Code. 

(2) 119.2 Qualifications. 

(a) Only a qualifying small government that currently 
operates a fire department organized under section 
505.37, 505.371, 737.21 or 505.375 of the Revised 
Code or has adopted a resolution or ordinance autho- 
rizing the creation of afire department or joint fire and 
ambulance district under one of these sections is eligi- 
ble to receive a loan. 

(b) In order for afire department operated by a small gov- 
ernment to receive a loan under this rule, the fire 
department must be reporting fires to the fire marshal 
as required by section 3737.24 of the Revised Code and 
this rule. 

(3) 119.3 Applications filing. 

(a) Applications for a loan shall be made only on forms 
provided by the fire marshal. 

(b) Only applications that are post marked on or before the 
application deadline established by the fire marshal 
and have been delivered to the fire marshal's office 
within seven days of that deadline will be considered by 
the fire marshal. 



(4) 119.4 Applications-content. In its applications the qualify- 
ing small government shall: 

(a) Explain how it qualifies for the loan. 

(b) Describe how the loan will be used including the total 
cost of the project and the amount of money the qualify- 
ing small government is proposing to contribute to the 
total cost of the project. 

(c) Describe the benefits to its citizens the loan will provide 
that are not currently available to them. 

(d) Describe why the small government is not able to pro- 
vide this service through the use of its own funds. 

(e) Provide information concerning the total income avail- 
able from all sources to provide fire and/or fire and 
ambulance service. 

(f) Provide information concerning the assets and liabili- 
ties of the qualifying small government that are 
intended in whole or in part to provide fire or fire and 
ambulance service. 

(g) Provide such other information as may be called for in 
the application form provided by the fire marshal. 

(5) 119.5 Requirements for buildings constructed or equip- 
ment purchased. 

(a) All building constructions, additions and alterations 
completed with funds provided by a loan shall meet all 
minimum requirements of division-level 4101:1, 
4101:2 and 4101:3 of the Administrative Code. 

(b) Any fire apparatus purchased with funds from a loan 
shall meet the requirements of Chapter 4121:1-21 of I I 
the Administrative Code. 

(c) The fee title to any real property purchased or on which 
a structure is constructed in any part with a loan under 
this rule shall list the "state of Ohio, department of 
commerce, division of state fire marshal" as the mort- 
gage holder until such time as the loan obligation is 
satisfied. 

(d) The title to any vehicle purchased in part with a loan 
under this rule shall list the "state of Ohio, department 
of commerce, division of state fire marshal" as the lien 
holder until such time as the loan obligation is satis- 
fied. 

(e) Any fire apparatus or vehicle purchased in part under 
this rule shall have a repayment period not to exceed 
ten years. 

(6) 119.6. At the discretion of the fire marshal a qualifying 
small government may apply for and be granted a loan at any 
time regardless of established application periods and dead- 
lines if all of the following apply: 

(a) The qualifying small government had a local emer- 
gency or disaster or is included in an area where a 
disaster has been declared by the governor. 

(b) The events of the local emergency or disaster have 
damaged or destroyed vehicles, buildings or equip- 
ment necessary to provide fire or fire and ambulance 
services. 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



15 



ADMINISTRATION 



(c) The qualifying small government has made application 
for any federal, state and private insurance reimburse- 
ment as may be available as a result of the disaster. 

(d) The loan fund has necessary moneys to provide the 
loan. 

(7) 119.7 Award of loans. The awarding of all loans shall be at 
the sole discretion of the fire marshal. 

(a) Upon determining which small governments shall 
receive a loan the fire marshal shall notify the qualify- 
ing small government in writing of his intent to grant 
the loan and of the terms and conditions of the loan. 

(b) Promptly after receiving notification that the fire mar- 
shal intends to grant a loan to the qualifying small gov- 
ernment, the qualifying small government must adopt a 
resolution or ordinance which shall: 

(i) Authorize the small government to accept the 
loan; 

(ii) Agree to conditions of the loan as stipulated by 
the fire marshal including the authority to exe- 
cute any documents necessary to grant or secure 
the loan. 

(c) Within forty-five days of receipt of the notice of the fire 
marshal's intent to award the loan the qualifying small 
government shall forward a copy of the resolution or 
ordinance to the fire marshal. 

(d) Upon receipt of the resolution or ordinance the fire 
marshal shall establish a line of credit fi^om the loan 
fund in the name of the qualifying small government. 

(e) Within one hundred twenty days of the date the notice of 
intent to award the loan was received, the qualifying 
small government shall provide to the fire marshal a 
properly executed contract or purchase agreement for 
the construction, addition or alteration of the building 
or purchase of the vehicle or equipment described in 
the original loan application. 

(f) Upon determination that the contract or purchase 
agreement is for substantially the same project as 
described in the original loan application the loan 
funds will be released to the qualifying small govern- 
ment according to the term of the loan agreement. 

(8) 119.8 Repayment. 

(a) A repayment or amortization schedule shall be estab- 
lished as part of the loan agreement. In establishing the 
repayment schedule the fire marshal shall consider the 
ability of the small government to repay the loan and 
the need to maintain a sufficient balance in the loan 
fund to insure it's continued operation. 

(b) The repayment or amortization schedule shall not 
extend beyond twenty years. 



(T) SECTION 120 
VOLUNTEER FIRE DEPARTMENT GRANTS 

(1) 120.1. As used in this rule: 

(a) "Volunteer fire department" means: 



(i) A fire department, organized under section 
505.37, 505.371, or 737.21 of the Revised Code, 
wherein at least one-half of the fire fighters are 
volunteer fire fighters. 

(ii) A private volunteer fire company. 

(b) "Private volunteer fire company " means a company of 
trained volunteer fire fighters having a contract to fur- 
nish fire protection to apolitical subdivision or fire dis- 
trict of this state. 

(c) "Volunteer fire fighter" means any fire fighter who is 
not eligible for membership in the police and firemen 's 
disability and pension fund. 

(2) 120.2. Only volunteer fire departments are eligible to 
receive a grant under this rule. 

(3) 120.3. Any volunteer fire department applying for a grant 
under this rule shall supply such information as is required on 
the application forms available from the fire marshal. Appli- 
cants for a grant shall certify on the application form that the 
fire department is eligible to receive the grant under this rule. 
The form shall be signed by the chief of the volunteer fire 
department. 

(4) 120.4. Funds provided by a grant under this rule shall only 
be used for purposes for which the volunteer fire department 
may lawfully expend public funds. 

(5) 120.5. The maximum amount of funds which any one volun- 
teer fire department may receive in any one state fiscal year is 
ten thousand dollars. The maximum amount of funds which any 
one volunteer fire department may receive in any one state fis- 
cal year may be increased to twenty -five thousand dollars if the 
volunteer fire department provides service for an area affected 
by a natural disaster. Each volunteer fire department may 
receive only one grant for each state fiscal year for which funds 
are made available by the Ohio general assembly. 

(6) 120.6. In determining which volunteer fire departments will 
receive awards, the fire marshal shall consider: 

(a) The population protected by the volunteer fire depart- 
ment. 

(b) The size of the area for which the volunteer fire depart- 
ment provides protection. 

(c) The operating budget of the volunteer fire department 
from both public and private sources. 

(d) The intended use of the grant funds by the volunteer fire 
department. 

(e) The number of fires occurring within the area pro- 
tected by the volunteer fire department as evidenced by 
reports filed with the fire marshal under section 
3737.24 of the Revised Code. 

(f) The amount of money being requested by the volunteer 
fire department. 

(g) Additional factors which the fire marshal determines 
necessary to assist in determining which volunteer fire 
departments should receive a grant. The awarding of 
all grants shall be at the sole discretion of the state fire 
marshal. 



16 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



ADMINISTRATION 



(7) 120.7. The fire marshal may require repayment to the state 
of Ohio any or all of a grant should a volunteer fire department 
fail after a reasonable time, to expend all or any part of it's 
grant. 

(8) 120.8. Should the volunteer fire department expend any or 
all of the grant for any purpose other than that which was 
approved by the fire marshal, the fire marshal may require 
repayment of that amount to the state of Ohio. 

(9) 120.9. The fire marshal may require a volunteer fire depart- 
ment receiving a grant to provide evidence that the grant has 
been used for the intended purpose and maintain such inven- 
tory or other records concerning purchases made with the 
grant as the fire marshal deems necessary. 



(U) SECTION 121 

FIRE DEPARTMENT TRAINING 

AND EQUIPMENT GRANTS 

(1) 121.1. As used in this rule: 

(a) "Fire department" means: 

(i) A fire department organized under section 
505.37, 505.371, or 737.21 ofthe Revised Code; 

(ii) A private volunteer fire company having a con- 
tract to furnish fire protection to a political sub- 
division or fire district of this state. 

(b) "Certified training program" means a fire fighter 
training program conducted under the rules of the 
department of public safety that results in the certifica- 
tion of an individual student as a volunteer firefighter, 
firefighter 1 transition, firefighter 1, firefighter II, fire 
safety inspector or fire fighting instructor. 

(c) "Fire marshal " means the state fire marshal appointed 
pursuant to section 3737.21 ofthe Revised Code. 

(2) 121.2. These rules shall apply only to grants awarded from 
funds provided to the division of state fire marshal by the state 
controlling board from the mandate assistance fund. 

(a) Only a fire department whose primary fire protection 
district has a resident population of twenty-five thou- 
sand or less are eligible to receive a grant under this 
rule. 

(3) 121.3. Any fire department applying for a grant under this 
rule shall supply such information as is required on the appli- 
cation forms provided by the fire marshal as well as any addi- 
tional documents that the fire marshal may require. 

(a) Application forms and supporting documents must be 
submitted to the fire marshal on or before the date 
established by the fire marshal. 

(4) 121.4. The fire marshal may establish whatever policies 
and procedures that may be deemed necessary to carry out the 
intent of this rule. 

(5) 121.5. All grants awarded under this rule are awarded at 
the sole discretion of the fire marshal and are subject to the 
availability offiinds. 

(6) 121.6. The fire marshal may award grants to fire depart- 
ments eligible under this rule for any of the following purposes: 



(a) The cost of certified fire fighter training programs for 
individual fire fighters. 

(b) The cost of in service or advanced training courses 
provided by the Ohio fire academy. 

(c) The cost of fire fighting equipment, including personal 
protective clothing and equipment. 

(7) 121.7. The cost of certified fire fighter training programs 
including instructional and administrative costs, training 
manuals and workbooks is eligible for reimbursement subject 
to the availability of funds. 

(a) Reimbursement for certified training programs may be 
provided to fire departments up to the following speci- 
fied limits: 

(i) For each fire fighter who completes the training 
program to be certified as a volunteer fire fighter 
up to two hundred-fifty dollars. 

(ii) For each fire fighter who completes the fire 
fighter 1 transition training program to be certi- 
fied as a fire fighter 1 up to three hundred dol- 
lars. 

(iii) Each fire fighter who completes the training pro- 
gram to be certified as afire fighter I up to four 
hundred dollars. 

(iv) Each fire fighter who completes the training pro- 
gram to be certified as afire fighter II up to four 
hundred dollars. 

(v) For each person who completes the combined 
firefighter I and II training program to be certi- 
fied as afire safety inspector up to eight hundred 
dollars. 

(vi) For each person who completes a training pro- 
gram to be certified as afire safety inspector up 
to three hundred-fifty dollars. 

(viii)For each fire fighter who completes a training 
program to be certified as afire fighting instruc- 
tor up to three hundred dollars. 

(b) Expenses for travel, food and lodging are not eligible 
for reimbursement. 

(8) 121.8. The fire marshal may, after consultation with the 
county commissioners association, municipal league and the 
township association, designate a portion of the funding avail- 
able for grants under this rule to offset the cost to qualifying fire 
departments, in part or in whole, of in service or advanced fire 
fighter training programs provided by the Ohio fire academy. 

(9) 121.9. The fire marshal may, after consultation with the 
county commissioners association, municipal league and the 
township association, designate a portion of the fund adminis- 
tered under this rule to be used as grants for equipment for fire 
departments. 

(10) 121.10. The fire marshal may further designate that the 
finds designated for equipment be disbursed as grants under 
the provisions of paragraph (S)(119) of this rule. 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



17 



ADMINISTRATION 



(11) 121.11. The funds so designated shall be used to extend 
grants awarded under paragraph (S)(119) of this rule after the 
original sources of funding have been exhausted. 

(12) 121.12. To offset the cost of administering grants under 
this rule, the fire marshal may retain in the fire marshal's oper- 
ating account an amount of money equal to not more than one 
and one half per cent of the total funds available under this 
rule. 



(V) SECTION 122 
FIRE DEPARTMENT FIRE REPORTING GRANTS 

(1) 122.1. As used in this rule: 

(a) 122.1.1. "Fire department" means: 

(i) A fire department organized under section 505.37, 
505.371, or 737.21 of the Revised Code- 
in) A private volunteer fire company having a contract to 
furnish fire protection to apolitical subdivision or fire 
district of this state. 

(b) "Fire marshal" means the state fire marshal appointed 
pursuant to section 3737.21 of the Revised Code. 

(c) "Fire reports" means reports filed with the state fire 
marshal under section 3737.24 of the Revised Code. 

(2) 122.2. Only fire departments are eligible to receive a grant 
under this rule. 

(3) 122.3. Any fire department applying for a grant under this 
rule shall supply such information as is required on the appli- 
cation forms available the fire marshal as well as any addi- 
tional documents that the fire marshal may require. 

(a) Application forms and supporting documents must be 
submitted to the fire marshal on or before the date estab- 
lished by the fire marshal. 

(b) Applicants for a grant shall certify on the application 
form that the fire department is eligible to receive the grant 

under this rule. The form shall be signed by the chief of the 
fire department. 

(4) 122.4. Funds provided by a grant under this rule shall only 
be used for purposes for which the fire department may law- 
fully expend public funds. 

(5) 122.5. The fire marshal may establish whatever policies 
and procedures that he may deem necessary to carry out the 
intent of this rule. 

(6) 122.6. All grants awarded under this rule are awarded at 
the sole discretion of the fire marshal and are subject to the 
availability of funds. For all grants awarded under this rule, the 
fire marshal shall develop a point system based upon the fac- 
tors listed in paragraph (V)(9)( 122.9) of this rule to assist the 
fire marshal in determining: 

(a) Fire department grant eligibility. 

(b) The priority by which fire departments shall be awarded 
grants. 

(c) The amount of monies to be awarded to afire department 
for afire department reporting grant. 



(7) 122.7. The maximum amount of funds which any one fire 
department may receive in any one state fiscal year is fifty thou- 
sand dollars. Each fire department may receive only one grant 
for each state fiscal year for which funds are made available by 
the Ohio general assembly. 

(8) 122.8. The fire marshal may award grants to fire depart- 
ments eligible under this rule for any of the following purposes: 

(a) The cost of data processing equipment, including com- 
puters, servers, routers and other equipment necessary for 
the installation or upgrade of the fire reporting system. 

(b) The cost of software necessary for the installation or 
upgrade of the fire reporting system, not to include on-going 
maintenance service costs. 

(c) The cost of in-service or advanced training to implement 
or upgrade afire reporting system, including instructional 
and administrative costs, training manuals and workbooks, 
subject to the availability of funds. 

(9) 122.9. In determining which fire departments will receive 
awards, the fire marshal shall consider: 

(a) The population protected by the fire department. 

(b) The size of the area for which the fire department protec- 
tion. 

(c) The information technology and operating budget of the 
fire department from both public and private sources. 

(d) The costs to the fire department of implementing an 
updated fire data reporting system approved by the fire mar- 
shal, including the costs to the fire department of converting 
existing fire department data into such a system. 

(e) The readiness of the fire department to convert its exist- 
ing data reporting system into an updated fire data report- 
ing system approved by the fire marshal. 

(f) The intended use of the grant funds by the fire depart- 
ment. 

(g) The number of fires occurring within the area protected 
by the fire department as evidenced by reports filed with the 
fire marshal under section 3737.24 of the Revised Code. 

(h) The amount of money being requested by the fire depart- 
ment. 

(i) Additional factors which the fire marshal determines 
necessary to assist in determining which fire departments 
should receive a grant. 

(10) 122.10. The fire marshal may require repayment to the 
state of Ohio any or all of a grant should afire department fail 
after a reasonable time, to expend all or any part of it 's grant. 

(11) 122.11. Should the fire department expend any or all of 
the grant for any purpose other than that which was approved 
by the fire marshal the state fire marshal may require repay- 
ment of that amount to the state of Ohio. 

(12) 122.12. The fire marshal may require a fire department 
receiving a grant to provide evidence that the grant has been 
used for the intended purpose and maintain such inventory or 
other records concerning purchases made with the grant as the 
state fire marshal deems necessary. 



18 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



ADMINISTRATION 



(W) SECTION 123 

DECLARATION REGARDING MATERIAL 

ASSISTANCE/NON-ASSISTANCE TO 

TERRORIST ORGANIZATION 

(1) 123.1. All applicants for a permit, license or certification 
issued by the fire marshal in accordance with the provisions of 
this code subject to sections 2909.32 through 2909.34 of the 
Revised Code (Declaration Regarding Material Assis- 
tance/Non-assistance to Terrorist Organization), shall fully 
complete the required declaration of material assistance certif- 
ication form as a part of any application process. Any incom- 
plete certification form shall be considered by the fire marshal 
to be an incomplete application for a permit, license, or certifi- 
cation unless the department of public safety reinstates the 
application. If the applicant provides an affirmative response 
indicating that the applicant has provided material assistance 
to a terrorist organization, such application shall be denied by 
the fire marshal regardless of the status of the remaining por- 
tions of the application unless the application is reinstated by 
the department of public safety. If any person who receives a 
permit, license, or certification from the fire marshal that is 
subject to sections 2909.32 through 2909.34 of the Revised 
Code, while such permit, license, or certification is active pur- 
suant to the provisions of this code, takes an action that results 
in an affirmative response to any question on the certification 
form, the fire marshal shall revoke such permit, license or cer- 
tification. 

Effective Date: July 1, 2007 

Prior Effective Dates: 7/1/79; 6/1/85; 6/15/85; 6/15/92; 9/1/95; 
3/30/98; 1/3/00; 9/1/05 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 1 9 



20 2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



Enacted 
APPENDIX A 



(A) Operational permits 

(1) AOl.l Operational permits. 

(a) AOl.1.1 Aerosol products. An operational permit to 
manufacture, store or handle an aggregate quantity of Level 
2 or Level 3 aerosol products in excess of 500 pounds (227 
kg) net weight. 

(b) AOl.1.2 Amusement buildings. An operational permit 
to operate a special amusement building. 

(c) AOl.1.3 Aviation facilities. An operational permit to use 
a Group H or Group S occupancy for aircraft servicing or 
repair and aircraft fuel-servicing vehicles. 

(d) AOl.1.4 Carnivals and fairs. An operational permit to 
conduct a carnival or fair. 

(e) AOl.1.5 Battery systems. A permit to install stationary 
lead-acid battery systems having a liquid capacity of more 
than 50 gallons (189 L). 

(f) AOl.1.6 Cellulose nitrate film. An operational permit to 
store, handle or use cellulose nitrate film in a Group A occu- 
pancy. 

(g) AOl.1.7 Combustible dust-producing operations. An 

operational permit /or a grain elevator, flour starch mill, 
feed mill, or a plant pulverizing aluminum, coal, cocoa, 
magnesium, spices or sugar, or other operations producing 
combustible dusts as defined in rule 1301:7-7-02 of the 
Administrative Code. 

(h) AOl.1.8 Combustible fibers. An operational permit for 
the storage and handhng of combustible fibers in quantities 
greater than 100 cubic feet (2.8 m^). 

Exception: A permit for agricultural storage. 

(i) AOl.1.9 Compressed gases. An operational permit for 
the storage, use or handling at normal temperature and pres- 
sure (NTP) of compressed gases in excess of the amounts 
listed in Table AO 1.1.9 of this appendix. 

Exception: Vehicles equipped for and using compressed 
gas as a fuel for propelling the vehicle. 

TABLE AOl.1.9 
PERMIT AMOUNTS FOR COMPRESSED GASES 



TYPE OF GAS 


AMOUNT (cubic feet at NTP) 


Corrosive 


200 


Flammable (except cryogenic fluids 
and liquefied petroleum gases) 


200 


Highly toxic 


Any amount 


Inert and simple asphyxiant 


6,000 


Oxidizing (including oxygen) 


504 


Pyrophoric 


Any amount 


Toxic 


Any amount 



(j) AOl.1.10 Covered mall buildings. An operational per- 
mit for: 

(i) The placement of retail fixtures and displays, con- 
cession equipment, displays of highly combustible 
goods and similar items in the mall. 

(ii) The display of liquid- or gas-fired equipment in the 
mall. 

(Hi) The use of open-flame or flame-producing equip- 
ment in the mall. 

(k) AOl.1.11 Cryogenic fluids. An operational permit to 
produce, store, transport on site, use, handle or dispense 
cryogenic fluids in excess of the amounts listed in Table 
AO 1.1.11 of this appendix. 

Exception: Permits for vehicles equipped for and using 
cryogenic fluids as a fuel for propelling the vehicle or for 
refrigerating the lading. 

TABLE A01.1 .11 
PERMIT AMOUNTS FOR CRYOGENIC FLUIDS 



TYPE OF CRYOGENIC FLUID 


INSIDE BUILDING 
(gallons) 


OUTSIDE BUILDING 
(gallons) 


Flammable 


More than 1 


60 


Inert 


60 


500 


Oxidizing (includes oxygen) 


10 


50 


Physical or health hazard 
not indicated above 


Any amount 


Any amount 



For SI: 1 cubic foot = 0.02832 m^ 



For SI: 1 gallon = 3.785 L. 

(1) AOl.1.12 Cutting and welding. An operational permit 
to conduct cutting or welding operations within the jurisdic- 
tion. 

(m) AOl.1.13 Dry cleaning plants. An operational permit 
to engage in the business of dry cleaning or to change to a 
more hazardous cleaning solvent used in existing dry clean- 
ing equipment. 

(n) AOl.1.14 Exhibits and trade shows. An operational 
permit to operate exhibits and trade shows. 

(o) AOl.1.15 Explosives. An operational permit for the 
manufacture, storage, handling, sale or use of any quantity 
of explosive, explosive material, fireworks, or pyrotechnic 
special effects within the scope of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the 
Administrative Code. 

Exception: Storage in Group R-3 occupancies of 
smokeless propellant, black powder and small arms 
primers for personal use, not for resale and in accordance 
with paragraph (F)(3306) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the 
Administrative Code. 

(p) AOl.1.16 Fire hydrants and valves. An operational 
permit to use or operate fire hydrants or valves intended for 
fire suppression purposes which are installed on water sys- 



II 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



21 



APPENDIX A 



tems and accessible to a fire apparatus access road that is 
open to or generally used by the public. 

Exception: A permit for authorized employees of the 
water company that supplies the system or the fire 
department to use or operate fire hydrants or valves. 

(q) AOl.1.17 Flammable and combustible liquids. An 

operational permit: 

(i) To use or operate a pipeline for the transportation 
within facilities of flammable or combustible liq- 
uids. This requirement shall not apply to the off-site 
transportation in pipelines regulated by the Depart- 
ment of Transportation (DOTn) nor does it apply to 
piping systems. 

(ii) To store, handle or use Class I hquids in excess of 5 
gallons (19 L) in a building or in excess of 10 gallons 
(37.9 L) outside of a building, except for the following: 

(a) The storage or use of Class I hquids in the fuel 
tank of a motor vehicle, aircraft, motorboat, mo- 
bile power plant or mobUe heating plant, unless 
such storage, in the opinion of the local fire code 
official, would cause an unsafe condition. 

(b) The storage or use of paints, oils, varnishes or 
similar flammable mixtures when such hquids 
are stored for maintenance, painting or similar 
purposes for a period of not more than 30 days. 

(Hi) To store, handle or use Class IT or Class lUA liquids 
in excess of 25 gallons (95 L) in a building or in 
excess of 60 gallons (227 L) outside a building, 
except for fuel oil used in connection with oil-burn- 
ing equipment. 

(iv) To remove Class I or Class n hquids from an under- 
ground storage tank used for fueling motor vehicles by 
any means other than the approved, stationary on-site 
pumps normally used for dispensing purposes. 

(v) To operate tank vehicles, equipment, tanks, plants, 
terminals, fuel-dispensing stations, refineries, dis- 
tilleries and similar facilities where flammable and 
combustible hquids are produced, processed, trans- 
ported, stored, dispensed or used. 

(vi) To place temporarily out of service (for more than 
90 days) an underground, protected aboveground or 
aboveground flammable or combustible hquid tank. 

(vii) To change the type of contents stored in a flammable 
or combustible liquid tank to a material which poses 
a greater hazard than that for which the tank was 
designed and constructed. 

(viii)To manufacture, process, blend or refine flammable 
or combustible liquids. 

(ix) To engage in the dispensing of hquid fiiels into the 
fuel tanks of motor vehicles at commercial, indus- 
trial, governmental or manufacturing estabUshments. 

(x) To utilize a site for the dispensing of liquid fuels 
fi"om tank vehicles into the fuel tanks of motor vehi- 
cles at commercial, industrial, governmental, or 
manufacturing establishments. 



(r) AOl.1.18 Floor finishing. An operationcil permit for 
floor finishing or surfacing operations exceeding 350 
square feet (33 m^) using Class I or Class n liquids. 

(s) AOl.1.19 Fruit and crop ripening. An operational per- 
mit to operate a fruit-, or crop-ripening facility or conduct a 
fruit-ripening process using ethylene gas. 

(t) AOl.1.20 Fumigation and thermal insecticidal fog- 
ging. An operational permit to conduct a business of fumi- 
gation or thermal insecticidal fogging and to maintain a 
room, vault or chamber in which a toxic or flanmiable fumi- 
gant is used. 

(u) AOl.1.21 Hazardous materials. An operational permit 
to store, transport on site, dispense, use or handle hazardous 
materials in excess of the amounts listed in Table AOl . 1 .2 1 I 
of this appendix. 

TABLE A01. 1.21 
PERMIT AMOUNTS FOR HAZARDOUS MATERIALS 



TYPE OF MATERIAL 


AMOUNT 


Combustible liquids 


See paragraph (AOl. 1.1 7) of this appendix 


Corrosive materials 




Gases 


See paragraph (AOl. 1.9) of this appendix 


Liquids 


55 gallons 


Solids 


1000 pounds 


Explosive materials 


See paragraph (AOl. 1.1 5) of this appendix 


Flammable materials 




Gases 


See paragraph (AOl. 1.9) of this appendix 


Liquids 


See paragraph (AOl. 1.17) of this appendix 


SoUds 


100 pounds 


Highly toxic materials 




Gases 


See paragraph (AOl. 1.9) of this appendix 


Liquids 


Any amount 


Solids 


Any amount 


Oxidizing materials 




Gases 


See paragraph (AOl. 1.9) of this appendix 


Liquids 




Class 4 


Any amount 


Class 3 


1 gallon* 


Class 2 


10 gallons 


Class 1 


55 gallons 


Solids 




Class 4 


Any amount 


Class 3 


10 pounds'' 


Class 2 


100 pounds 


Class 1 


500 pounds 


Organic peroxides 




Liquids 




Class I 


Any amount 


Class n 


Any amount 


Class m 


1 gallon 


Class IV 


2 gallons 


Class V 


No permit required 


Solids 




Class I 


Any amount 


Class n 


Any amount 


Class m 


10 pounds 


Class IV 


20 pounds 


Class V 


No permit required 



continued 



22 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



APPENDIX A 



TABLE A01. 1.21 -continued 
PERMIT AMOUNTS FOR HAZARDOUS MATERIALS 



TYPE OF MATERIAL 


AMOUNT 


Pyrophoric materials 




Gases 


Any amount 


Liquids 


Any amount 


Solids 


Any amount 


Toxic materials 




Gases 


See paragraph (AOl.1.9) of this 




appendix 


Liquids 


10 gallons 


Solids 


100 pounds 


Unstable (reactive) materials 




Liquids 




Class 4 


Any amount 


Class 3 


Any amount 


Class 2 


5 gallons 


Class 1 


10 gallons 


Solids 




Class 4 


Any amount 


Class 3 


Any amount 


Class 2 


50 pounds 


Class 1 


100 pounds 


Water-reactive materials 




Liquids 




Class 3 


Any amount 


Class 2 


5 gallons 


Class 1 


55 gallons 


Solids 




Class 3 


Any amount 


Class 2 


50 pounds 


Class 1 


500 pounds 



For SI: 1 gallon = 3.785 L, 1 pound = 0.454 kg. 

a. 20 gallons when Table 2703. 1.1(1) of rule 1301 : 7- 7-27 of the Administrative 
Code Note k applies and hazard identification signs in accordance with 
paragraph (C)(5)(2703.5) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code 
are provided for quantities of 20 gallons or less. 

b. 200 pounds when Table 2703.1.1(1) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administra- 
tive Code Note k appUes and hazard identification signs in accordance with 
paragraph (C)(5)(2703.5) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code 
are provided for quantities of 200 pounds or less. 

(v) AOl.1.22 HPM facilities. An operational permit to 
store, handle or use hazardous production materials. 

(w) AOl.1.23 High-piled storage. An operational permit to 
use a building or portion thereof as a high-piled storage area 
exceeding 500 square feet (46 m^). 

(x) AOl.1.24 Hot work operations. An operational permit 
for hot work including, but not limited to: 

(i) Public exhibitions and demonstrations where hot 
work is conducted. 

(ii) Use of portable hot work equipment inside a struc- 
ture. 

Exception: Work that is conducted under a con- 
struction permit. 

(Hi) Fixed-site hot work equipment such as welding 
booths. 

(iv) Hot work conducted within a hazardous fire area. 



(v) AppUcation of roof coverings with the use of an 
open-flame device. 

(vi) When approved, the fire code official may issue a 
permit to carry out a Hot Work Program. This pro- 
gram allows approved personnel to regulate their 
facility's hot work operations. The approved per- 
sonnel shall be trained in the fire safety aspects 
denoted in the state fire code and shall be responsi- 
ble for issuing permits requiring compliance with 
the requirements found in rule 1301:7-7-26 of the 
Administrative Code. These permits shall be issued 
only to their employees or hot work operations 
under their supervision. 

(y) AOl.1.25 Industrial ovens. An operational permit for 
operation of industrial ovens regulated by rule 1301:7-7-21 
of the Administrative Code. 

(z) AOl.1.26 Lumber yards and woodworking plants. An 

operational permit for the storage or processing of lumber 
exceeding 100,000 board feet (8333 ft^) (236 m^). 

(aa) AOl.1.27 Liquid- or gas-fueled vehicles or equip- 
ment in assembly buildings. An operational permit to dis- 
play, operate or demonstrate liquid- or gas-fueled vehicles 
or equipment in assembly buildings. 

(bb) AOl.1.28 LP-gas. An operational permit for: 

(i) Storage and use of LP-gas. 

Exception: A permit for individual containers 
with a 500-gallon (1893 L) water capacity or less 
serving occupancies in Group R-3. 

(ii) Operation of cargo tankers that transport LP-gas. 

(cc) AOl.1.29 Magnesium. An operational permit to melt, 
cast, heat treat or grind more than 10 pounds (4.54 kg) of 
magnesium. 

(dd) AOl.1.30 Miscellaneous combustible storage. An 

operational permit to store in any building or upon any pre- 
mises in excess of 2,500 cubic feet (71 m^) gross volume of 
combustible empty packing cases, boxes, barrels or similar 
containers, rubber tires, rubber, cork or similar combustible 
material. 

(ee) AOl.1.31 Open burning. An operational permit for the 
kindling or maintaining of an open fire or a fire on any pubUc 
street, alley, road, or other public or private ground. Instruc- 
tions and stipulations of the permit shall be adhered to. 

Exception: Recreational fires. 

(ff) AOl.1.32 Open flames and torches. An operational 
permit to remove paint with a torch; or to use a torch or 
open-flame device in a hazardous fire area. 

(gg) AOl.1.33 Open flames and candles. An operational 
permit to use open flames or candles in connection with 
assembly areas, dining areas of restaurants or drinking 
establishments. 

(hh) AOl.1.34 Organic coatings. An operational permit for 
any organic-coating manufacturing operation producing 
more than 1 gallon (4 L) of an organic coating in one day. 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



23 



APPENDIX A 



(ii) AOl.1.35 Places of assembly. An operational permit/or 
a place of assembly. 

(jj) AOl.1.36 Private fire hydrants. An operational permit 
for the removal from service, use or operation of private fire 
hydrants. 

Exception: A permit for private industry with trained 
maintenance personnel, private fire brigade or fire 
departments to maintain, test and use private hydrants. 

(kk) AOl.1.37 Pyrotechnic special effects material. An 

operational permit is required for use and handling of pyro- 
technic special effects material. 

(11) AOl.1.38 Pyroxylin plastics. An operational permit for 
storage or handling of more than 25 pounds (11 kg) of cellu- 
lose nitrate (pyroxylin) plastics and for the assembly or 
manufacture of articles involving pyroxylin plastics. 

(mm) AOl.1.39 Refrigeration equipment. An operational 
permit to operate a mechanical refrigeration unit or system 
regulated by rule 1301:7-7-06 of the Administrative Code. 

(nn) AOl.1.40 Repair garages and motor fuel-dispensing 
facilities. An operational permit for operation of repair 
garages and automotive, marine and fleet motor fuel-dis- 
pensing facilities. 

(oo) AOl.1.41 Rooftop heliports. An operational permit 
for the operation of a rooftop heliport. 

(pp) AOl.1.42 Spraying or dipping. An operational permit 
to conduct a spraying or dipping operation utilizing flam- 
mable or combustible liquids or the application of combus- 
tible powders regulated by rule 1301:7-7-15 of the 
Administrative Code. 

(qq) AOl.1.43 Storage of scrap tires and tire byproducts. 

An operational permit to establish, conduct or maintain 
storage of scrap tires and tire byproducts that exceeds 2,500 
cubic feet (71 m^) of total volume of scrap tires and for 
indoor storage of tires and tire byproducts. 

(rr) AOl.1.44 Temporary membrane structures, tents 
and canopies. An operational permit to operate an air-sup- 
ported temporary membrane structure or a tent having an 
area in excess of 200 square feet (19 m^), or a canopy in 
excess of 400 square feet (37 m^). 

Exceptions: 

1. Tents used exclusively for recreational camping 
purposes. 

2. Fabric canopies and awnings open on all sides 
which comply with all of the following: 

2.1. Individual canopies having a maximum 
size of 700 square feet (65 m^). 

2.2. The aggregate area of multiple canopies 
placed side by side without a fire break 
clearance of not less than 12 feet (3658 
mm) not exceeding 700 square feet (65 m^) 
total. 

2.3. A minimum clearance of 12 feet (3658 
mm) to structures and other tents is pro- 
vided. 



(ss) AOl.1.45 Tire-rebuilding plants. An operational per- 
mit for the operation and maintenance of a tire-rebuilding 
plant. 

(tt) AOl.1.46 Waste handling. An operational permit for 
the operation of wrecking yards, junk yards and waste mate- 
rial-handling facilities. 

(uu) AOl.1.47 Wood products. An operational permit to 
store chips, hogged material, lumber or plywood in excess 
of 200 cubic feet (6 m3). 

(B) Construction permits 

(1) A02.1 Construction permits. 

(a) A02.1.1 Automatic fire-extinguishing systems. A con- 
struction permit for installation of or modification to an 
automatic fire-extinguishing system. Maintenance per- 
formed in accordance with the state fire code is not consid- 
ered a modification and does not require a permit. 

(b) A02.1.2 Compressed gases. When the compressed 
gases in use or storage exceed the amounts listed in Table 
AOl.1.9 of this appendix, a construction permit to install, 
repair damage to, abandon, remove, place temporarily out 
of service, or close or substantially modify a compressed 
gas system. 

Exceptions: 

1. Routine maintenance. 

2. For emergency repair work performed on an emer- 
gency basis, application shall be made within two 
working days of commencement of work. 

The appUcant shall apply for approval to close storage, 
use or handling facilities at least 30 days prior to the termi- 
nation of the storage, use or handling of compressed or liq- 
uefied gases. Such application shall include any change or 
alteration of the facility closure plan filed pursuant to rule 
1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code. The 30-day period 
is not applicable when approved based on special circum- 
stances requiring such waiver. 

(c) A02.1.3 Fire alarm and detection systems and related 
equipment. A construction permit for installation of or 
modification to fire alarm and detection systems and related 
equipment. Maintenance performed in accordance with the 
state fire code is not considered a modification and does not 
require a permit. 

(d) A02.1.4 Fire pumps and related equipment. A con- 
struction permit for installation of or modification to fire 
pumps and related fuel tanks, jockey pumps, controllers, 
and generators. Maintenance performed in accordance with 
the state fire code is not considered a modification and does 
not require a permit. 

(e) A02.1.5 Flammable and combustible liquids. A con- 
struction permit: 

(i) To repair or modify a pipeline for the transportation 
of flammable or combustible liquids. 

(ii) To install, construct or alter tank vehicles, equip- 
ment, tanks, plants, terminals, fuel-dispensing sta- 
tions, refineries, distilleries and similar facihties 



II 



24 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



APPENDIX A 



where flammable and combustible liquids are pro- 
duced, processed, transported, stored, dispensed or 
used. 

(Hi) To install, alter, remove, abandon or otherwise dis- 
pose of a flammable or combustible liquid tank and 
any line or dispensing device connected thereto. 

(f) A02.1.6 Hazardous materials. A construction permit to 
install, repair damage to, abandon, remove, place tempo- 
rarily out of service, or close or substantially modify a stor- 
age facility or other area regulated by rule 1301:7-7-27 of 
the Administrative Code when the hazardous materials in 
use or storage exceed the amounts listed in Table AOl.1.21 
of this appendix. 

Exceptions: 

1. Routine maintenance. 

2. For emergency repair work performed on an emer- 
gency basis, apphcation for permit shall be made 
within two working days of commencement of 
work. 

(g) A02.1.7 Industrial ovens. A construction permit for 
installation of industrial ovens covered by rule 1301:7-7-21 
of the Administrative Code. 

Exceptions: 

1. Routine maintenance. 

2. For repair work performed on an emergency basis, 
application for permit shall be made within two 
working days of commencement of work. 

(h) A02.1.8 LP-gas. A construction permit for installation 
of or modification to an LP-gas system. 

(i) A02.1.9 Private fire hydrants. A construction permit 
for the installation or modification of private fire hydrants. 

(j) A02.1.10 Spraying or dipping. A construction permit to 
install or modify a spray room, dip tank or booth. 

(k) A02.1.11 Standpipe systems. A construction permit for 
the installation, modification, or removal from service of a 
standpipe system. Maintenance performed in accordance 
with the state fire code is not considered a modification and 
does not require a permit. 

(1) A02.1.12 Temporary membrane structures, tents and 
canopies. A construction permit to erect an air-supported 
temporary membrane structure or a tent having an area in 
excess of 200 square feet (19 m^), or a canopy in excess of 
400 square feet (37 m^). 

Exceptions: 

1. Tents used exclusively for recreational camping 
purposes. 

2. Funeral tents and curtains or extensions attached 
thereto, when used for funeral services. 

3. Fabric canopies and awnings open on all sides 
which comply with all of the following: 

3.1. Individual canopies shall have a maximum 
size of 700 square feet (65 m^). 



3.2. The aggregate area of multiple canopies 
placed side by side without a fire break 
clearance of not less than 12 feet (3658 
mm) not exceeding 700 square feet (65m2) 
total. 

3.3. A minimum clearance of 12 feet (3658 
mm) to structures and other tents is main- 
tained. 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



25 



26 2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



OHIO ADMINISTRATIVE CODE 1301:7-7-02 

DEFINITIONS 



(A) SECTION 201 
GENERAL 

(1) 201.1 Scope. Unless otherwise expressly stated, the follow- 
ing words and terms shall, for the purposes of this code, have 
the meanings shown in this rule. 

(2) 201.2 Interchangeability. Words used in the present tense 
include the future; words stated in the masculine gender 
include the feminine and neuter; the singular number includes 
the plural and the plural, the singular. 

(3) 201.3 Terms defined in other codes. Where terms are not 
defined in this code and are defined in the building code. Inter- 
national Fuel Gas Code, mechanical code or plumbing code as 
listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code, such 
terms shall have the meanings ascribed to them as in those 
codes. 

(4) 201.4 Terms not defined. Where terms are not defined 
through the methods authorized by this paragraph, such terms 
shall have ordinarily accepted meanings such as the context 
implies. "Webster's Third New International Dictionary of the 
English Language, Unabridged," shall be considered as pro- 
viding ordinarily accepted meanings. 



(B) SECTION 202 
GENERAL DEFINITIONS 

[B] "Accessible means of egress." See paragraph 
(B)(l)( 1002.1) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code. 

"Aerosol." S&t paragraph (B)(l)(2802.1) of rule 1301:7-7-28 
of the Administrative Code. 

"Level 1 aerosol products." See paragraph (B)(l)(2802.1) 
of rule 1301:7-7-28 of the Administrative Code. 

"Level 2 aerosol products." See paragraph (B)(l)(2802.1) 
of rule 1301:7-7-28 of the Administrative Code. 

"Level 3 aerosol products." See paragraph (B)(l)(2802. 1) 
of rule 1301:7-7-28 of the Administrative Code. 

"Aerosol container." See paragraph (B)(l)(2802.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-28 of the Administrative Code. 

"Aerosol warehouse." See paragraph (B)(l)(2802.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-28 of the Administrative Code. 

"Agent." A person who shall have charge, care or control of 
any structure as owner, or agent of the owner, or as executor, 
executrix, administrator, administratrix, trustee or guardian of 
the estate of the owner. Any such person representing the actual 
owner shall be bound to comply with the provisions of this 
code to the same extent as if that person was the owner. 

"Air-supported structure." See paragraph (B)(l)(2402.1) of 
rule 1301:7-7-24 of the Administrative Code. 

"Aircraft operation area (AOA)." See paragraph 
(B)(l)( 1102.1) of rule 1301:7-7-11 of the Administrative Code. 



"Airport." Seeparagraph (B)(l)(l 102.1) of rule 1301:7-7-11 
of the Administrative Code. 

"Aisle." Seeparagraph (B)(l)( 1002.1) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of 
the Administrative Code. 

[B] "Aisle accessway." Seeparagraph (B)(l)(1002.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code. 

"Alarm notification appliance." See paragraph 
(B)(l)(902.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

"Alarm signal." See paragraph (B)(l)( 902.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

"Alarm verification feature." See paragraph (B)(l)(902.1) 
of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

"Alcohol-based hand rub." Seeparagraph (B)(l)(3402.1) of 
rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code. 

[EB] "Alteration." Any construction or renovation to an exist- 
ing structure other than a repair or addition. 

[B] "Alternating tread device." See paragraph 
(B)(l)( 1002.1) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code. 

"Ammonium nitrate." Seeparagraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Annunciator." See paragraph (B)(l)(902.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

"Approved." Acceptable to the fire code official. 

[B] "Area of refuge." Seeparagraph (B)(l)( 1002.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code. 

"Array." Seeparagraph (B)(l)(2302.1) of rule 1301:7-7-23 of 
the Administrative Code. 

"Array, closed." See paragraph (B)(l)(2302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-23 of the Administrative Code. 

"Assistant fire marshal." Has the same meaning as in section 
3737.01 of the Revised Code. 

"Audible alarm notification appliance." See paragraph 
(B)(l)(902.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

''Authority having jurisdiction." See paragraph 
(B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Automatic." See paragraph (B)(l )(902.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

"Automatic fire-extinguishing system." See paragraph 
(B)(l)(902.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

"Automatic sprinkler system." Seeparagraph (B)(l)(902.1) 
of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

"Automotive motor fuel-dispensing facility." Seeparagraph 
(B)(l)(2202.1)ofrule 1301:7-7-22 of the Administrative Code. 

"Average ambient sound level." See paragraph 
(B)(l)(902.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



27 



DEFINITIONS 



"Barricade." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Artificial barricade." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of 
rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Natural barricade." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of 
rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Barricaded." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 
^ 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Battery system, stationary lead acid." See paragraph 
(B)(l)(602.1) of rule 1301:7-7-06 of the Administrative Code. 

"Battery types." See paragraph (B)(l)(602.1) of rule 
I 1301 : 7- 7-06 of the Administrative Code. 

"Nickel cadmium (Ni-Cd) battery." S&e paragraph (B)(1) 
(602.1) of rule 1301:7-7-06 of the Administrative Code. 

"Nonrecombinant battery." S&e paragraph (B)(l)(602.1) 
of rule 1301:7-7-06 of the Administrative Code. 

"Recombinant battery." See paragraph (B)(l)(602.1) of 
rule 1301:7-7-06 of the Administrative Code. 

"Stationary storage battery." See paragraph (B)(1) 
(602.1) of rule 1301:7-7-06 of the Administrative Code. 

"Valve-regulated lead-acid battery." See paragraph 
(B)(l)(602.1) of rule 1301:7-7-06 of the Administrative 
Code. 

"Vented (Flooded) lead-acid battery." See paragraph 
(B)(l)(602.1) of rule 1301:7-7-06 of the Administrative 
Code. 

''Beer and intoxicating liquor." Seeparagraph (B)(l)(3302.1) 
of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Bin box." Seeparagraph (B)(l)(2302.1) of rule 1301:7-7-23 
of the Administrative Code. 

"Black match." See paragraph (B)(l)( 3302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Blast area." See paragraph (B)(l)( 3302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Blast site." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Blaster." Seeparagraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 1301:7-7-33 
of the Administrative Code. 

"Blasting agent." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

[B] "Bleachers." See paragraph (B)(l)( 1002.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code. 

"Booby trap." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Boiling point." See paragraph (B)(l)(2702.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code. 

"Bonfire." Seeparagraph (B)(l)(302.1) of rule 1301:7-7-03 
of the Administrative Code. 

"Break." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of 
the Administrative Code. 



"British thermal unit (BTU)." The heat necessary to raise the 
temperature of 1 pound (0.454 kg) of water by 1°F (0.5565°C). 

"Bulk oxygen system." Seeparagraph (B)(l)(4002.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-40 of the Administrative Code. 

"Bulk plant or terminal." See paragraph (B)(l)(3402.1) of 
rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code. 

"Bulk transfer." See paragraph (B)(l)( 3402.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code. 

"Bullet resistant." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Canopy." Seeparagraph (B)(l)(2402.1) of rule 1301:7-7-24 
of the Administrative Code. 

"Carbon dioxide extinguishing system." See paragraph 
(B)(l)(902.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

"Carton." A cardboard or fiberboard box enclosing a product. 

"Ceiling limit." See paragraph (B)(l)(2702.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code. 

"Certified training program." See paragraph (U)(l)(121.1) of 
rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code. 

[EB] "Change of occupancy." A change in the purpose or 
level of activity within a building that involves a change in 
application of the requirements of this code. 

"Chemical." See paragraph (B)(l)(2702.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code. 

"Chemical name." See paragraph (B)(l)(2702.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code. 

"Cigarette load." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Clean agent." See paragraph (B)(l)( 902.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

"Closed container." See paragraph (B)(l)(2702.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code. 

"Closed system." The use of a solid or liquid hazardous mate- 
rial involving a closed vessel or system that remains closed dur- 
ing normal operations where vapors emitted by the product are 
not hberated outside of the vessel or system and the product is 
not exposed to the atmosphere during normal operations; and 
all uses of compressed gases. Examples of closed systems for 
solids and hquids include product conveyed through a piping 
system into a closed vessel, system or piece of equipment. 

"Cold deck." See paragraph (B)(l)(1902.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-19 of the Administrative Code. 

"Combustible dust" See paragraph (B)(l)( 1302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-13 of the Administrative Code. 

"Combustible fibers." Seeparagraph (B)(l)(2902.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-29 of the Administrative Code. 

"Combustible liquid." Seeparagraph (B)(l)(3402.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code. 

"Class n." See paragraph (B)(l)(3402.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code. 



28 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



DEFINITIONS 



"Class fflA." See paragraph (B)(l)(3402.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code. 

"Class IIIB." See paragraph (B)(l)(3402.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code. 

[M] "Commercial cooking appliances." See paragraph 
(B)(I)(602.I) of rule 1 301:7-7-06 of the Administrative Code. 

"Commodity." See paragraph (B)(l)(2302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-23 of the Administrative Code. 

[B] "Common path of egress travel." See paragraph 
(B)(l)( 1002.1) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code. 

"Compressed gas." See paragraph (B)(1)(3002J) of rule 
1301:7-7-30 of the Administrative Code. 

"Compressed gas container." Sex, paragraph (B)(l)(3002.1) 
of rule 1301:7-7-30 of the Administrative Code. 

"Compressed gas system." See paragraph (B)(l)(3002.1) of 
rule 1301 :7-7-30 of the Administrative Code. 

"Constantly attended location." See paragraph 
(B)(l)(902.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

"Construction documents." The written, graphic and picto- 
rial documents prepared or assembled for describing the 
design, location and physical characteristics of the elements of 
the project necessary for obtaining a permit. 

"Container." See paragraph (B)(l)(2702.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code. 

"Containment system." See paragraph (B)(l)(3702.1) of 
rule 1301:7-7-37 of the Administrative Code. 

"Containment vessel." See paragraph (B)(l)( 3702.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-37 of the Administrative Code. 

"Continuous gas detection system." See paragraph 
(B)(l)( 1802.1) of rule 1301:7-7-18 of the Administrative Code. 

"Control area." See paragraph {B)(l)(2702.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code. 

"Controlled substance." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

[B] "Corridor." See paragraph (B)(l)( 1002.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code. 

"Corrosive." See paragraph (B)(l)(3102.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-31 of the Administrative Code. 

"Cotton." Ste paragraph (B)(l)(2902.1) of rule 1301:7-7-29 
II of the Administrative Code. 

"Baled cotton." See paragraph (B)(l)(2902.1) of rule 
I 1 301 : 7- 7-29 of the Administrative Code. 

"Baled cotton, densely packed." See paragraph 
(B)(l)(2902.1) of rule 1301:7-7-29 of the Administrative 
Code. 

"Seed cotton." See paragraph (B)(l)(2902.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-29 of the Administrative Code. 

'*CPSC." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of 
the Administrative Code. 

"Cryogenic container." See paragraph (B)(l)(3202.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-32 of the Administrative Code. 



"Cryogenic fluid." See paragraph (B)(l)(3202.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-32 of the Administrative Code. 

"Cryogenic vessel." See paragraph (B)(l)(3202.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-32 of the Administrative Code. 

"Cylinder." See paragraph (B)(l)(2702.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code. 

"Day box." See paragraph (B)(l)(2702.1) of rule 1301:7- 
7-27 of the Administrative Code. 

"Decorative materials." All materials applied over the build- 
ing interior finish for decorative, acoustical or other effect 
(such as curtains, draperies, fabrics, streamers and surface cov- 
erings) and all other materials utilized for decorative effect 
(such as batting, cloth, cotton, hay, stalks, straw, vines, leaves, 
trees, moss and similar items), including foam plastics and 
materials containing foam plastics. Decorative materials do not 
include floor coverings, ordinary window shades, interior fin- 
ish and materials 0.025 inch (0.64 mm) or less in thickness 
applied direcdy to and adhering tightly to a substrate. 

"Deflagration." See paragraph (B)(l)(2702.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code. 

"Deluge system." See paragraph (B)(l)(902.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

"Design pressure." See paragraph (B)(l)(2702.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code. 

"Detached building." See paragraph (B)(l)(2702.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code. 

"Detearing." See paragraph (B)(l)(1502.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-15 of the Administrative Code. 

"Detector, heat." See paragraph (B)(l)(902.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

"Detonating cord." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Detonation." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Detonator." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1 ) of rule 
1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Dip tank." See paragraph (B)(l)(1502.1 ) of rule 
1301:7-7-15 of the Administrative Code. 

"Discharge site." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7 33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Dispensing." See paragraph (B)(l)(2702.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code. 

"Dispensing device, overhead type." See paragraph 
(B)(l)(2202.1) of rule 1301:7-7-22 of the Administrative Code. 

"Display site." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

[B] "Door, balanced." See paragraph (B)(l)( 1002.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code. 

''DOTn:' See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of 
the Administrative Code. 

"Draft curtain." See paragraph (B)(l)(2302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-23 of the Administrative Code. 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



29 



DEFINITIONS 



"Dry-chemical extinguishing agent." See paragraph 
(B)(l)(902.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

"Dry cleaning." See paragraph (B)(l)(1202.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-12 of the Administrative Code. 

"Dry cleaning plant." S&e paragraph (B)(l)( 1202.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-12 of the Administrative Code. 

"Dry cleaning room." Ste paragraph (B)(l)(1202.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-12 of the Administrative Code. 

"Dry cleaning system." S&e paragraph (B)(l)(1202.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-12 of the Administrative Code. 

[B] "DwelUng unit." A single unit providing complete, inde- 
pendent living facilities for one or more persons, including per- 
manent provisions for living, sleeping, eating, cooking and 
sanitation. 

"Early suppression fast response (ESFR) sprinkler." See 

paragraph (B)(l)(2302.1) of rule 1301:7-7-23 of the Adminis- 
trative Code. 

[B] "Egress court." See paragraph (B)(l)( 1002.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code. 

"Electrostatic fluidized bed." Subparagraph (B)(l)( 1502.1) 
of rule 1301:7-7-15 of the Administrative Code. 

"Emergency alarm system." Sqq paragraph (B)(l)(902.1) of 
rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

"Emergency control station." S&o- paragraph (B)(l)(1802.1) 
of rule 1301:7-7-18 of the Administrative Code. 

[B] "Emergency escape and rescue opening." Sec paragraph 
(B)(l)(1002.1) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code. 

"Emergency evacuation drill." See paragraph (B)(l)(402.1) 
of rule 1301:7-7-04 of the Administrative Code. 

"Emergency shutoff valve." A valve designed to shut off the 
flow of gases or liquids. 

"Emergency shutoff valve, automatic." A fail-safe auto- 
matic-closing valve designed to shut off the flow of gases or 
liquids initiated by a control system that is activated by auto- 
matic means. 

"Emergency shutoff valve, manual." A manually operated 
valve designed to shut off the flow of gases or liquids. 

"Emergency voice/alarm communications." See paragraph 
(B)(l)(902.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

"Excess flow control." See paragraph (B)(l)(2702.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code. 

"Excess flow valve." See paragraph (B)(l)(3702.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-37 of the Administrative Code. 

"Exhausted enclosure." See paragraph (B)(l)(2702.1) of 
rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code. 

"Existing." Buildings, facilities or conditions which are 
already in existence, constructed or officially authorized prior 
to the adoption of this code. 

[B] "Exit." Seeparagraph (B)(l)(1002.1) of rule 1301:7-7-10 
of the Administrative Code. 



[B] "Exit access." See paragraph (B)(l)( 1002.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code. 

[B] "Exit discharge." Seeparagraph (B)(l)( 1002.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code. 

[B] "Exit discharge, level of." Seeparagraph (B)(l)( 1002.1) 
of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code. 

[B] "Exit enclosure." Seeparagraph (B)(l)( 1002.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code. 

[B] "Exit, horizontal." Seeparagraph (B)(l)( 1002.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code. 

[B] "Exit passageway." Seeparagraph (B)(l)( 1002.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code. 

"Expanded plastic." Seeparagraph (B)(l)(2302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-23 of the Administrative Code. 

"Explosion." See paragraph (B)(l )(2702.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code. 

"Explosive." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"High explosive." Seeparagraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Low explosive." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Mass-detonating explosives." See paragraph 
(B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative 
Code. 

"UN/DOTn Class 1 explosives." See paragraph 
(B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative 
Code. 

"Division 1.1." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Division 1.2." See paragraph (B)(l)( 3302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Division 1.3." Seeparagraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Division 1.4." Seeparagraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Division 1.5." Seeparagraph (B)(l)(3 302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Division 1.6." Seeparagraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Explosive material." Seeparagraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Extra-high-rack combustible storage." See paragraph 
(B)(l)(2302.1) of rule 1301:7-7-23 of the Administrative Code. 

"Fabrication area." See paragraph (B)(l)( 1802.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-18 of the Administrative Code. 

"FaciUty." A building or use in a fixed location including exte- 
rior storage areas for flammable and combustible substances 
and hazardous materials, piers, wharves, tank farms and simi- 
lar uses. This term includes recreational vehicles, mobile home 
and manufactured housing parks, sales and storage lots. 



30 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



DEFINITIONS 



"Fail-safe." A design condition incorporating a feature for 
automatically counteracting the effect of an anticipated possi- 
ble source of failure; also, a design condition eliminating or 
mitigating a hazardous condition by compensating automati- 
cally for a failure or malfunction. 

"Fallout area." See paragraph (B)(l)( 3302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"False alarm." The willful and knowing initiation or transmis- 
sion of a signal, message or other notification of an event of fire 
when no such danger exists. 

"Filling station." See paragraph (B)(l)(2202.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-22 of the Administrative Code. 

"Fines." Subparagraph (B)(l)( 1902.1) of rule 1301:7-7-19 of 
the Administrative Code. 

"Fire alarm." The giving, signaling or transmission to any 
pubUc fire station, or company or to any officer or employee 
thereof, whether by telephone, spoken word or otherwise, of 
information to the effect that there is a fire at or near the place 
indicated by the person giving, signaling, or transmitting such 
information. 

"Fire alarm box, manual." See paragraph (B)(l)(902.1) of 
rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

"Fire alarm control unit." See paragraph (B)(l)(902.1) of 
rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

"Fire alarm signal." See paragraph (B)(l)( 902.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

"Fire alarm system." See paragraph (B)(l)(902.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

"Fire apparatus access road." See paragraph (B)(l)(502.1) 
of rule 1301:7-7-05 of the Administrative Code. 

"Fire area." See paragraph (B)(l)(902.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 
of the Administrative Code. 

"Fire chief." The chief officer of the fire department serving 
the jurisdiction, or a duly authorized representative. 

"Fire code official." The fire marshal, assistant fire marshal, 
fire chief or other designated authority charged with the admin- 
istration and enforcement of the code, or a duly authorized rep- 
resentative. 

"Fire conmiand center." See paragraph (B)(l)(502.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-05 of the Administrative Code. 

"Fire department." See paragraph (U)(l)(121.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code. 

"Fire department master key." See paragraph (B)(l)(502.1) 
of rule 1301:7-7-05 of the Administrative Code. 

"Fire detector, automatic." See paragraph (B)(l)(902.1) of 
rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

''Fire district." See paragraph (S)(l)( 119.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code. 

[B] "Fire door assembly." Any combination of a fire door, 
frame, hardware, and other accessories that together provide a 
specific degree of fire protection to the opening. 



[B] "Fire exit hardware." See paragraph (B)(l)( 1002.1) of 
rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code. 

"Fire hazard." In the opinion of the fire code official, any act, 
condition or thing that causes or creates a recognizable risk of 
an unfriendly fire or unwanted fire or harm to persons or prop- 
erty fi^om such fires. Afire hazard includes, in the opinion of the 
fire code official, any act, condition or thing that violates or 
creates a substantial risk of violating any fire or life safety pro- 
vision of this code. 

"Fire lane." See paragraph (B)(l)(502.1) of rule 1301:7-7-05 
of the Administrative Code. 

"Fire marshal." The state fire marshal appointed pursuant to 
section 3737.21 of the Revised Code or his duly authorized rep- 
resentative. 

[B] "Fire partition." A vertical assembly of materials 
designed to restrict the spread of fire in which openings are pro- 
tected. 

"Fire point." See paragraph (B)(l)( 3402.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code. 

"Fire protection system." See paragraph (B)(l)(902.1) of 
rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

"Fire safety functions." See paragraph (B)(l)(902.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

"Fire watch." A temporary measure intended to ensure contin- 
uous and systematic surveillance of a building or portion 
thereof by one or more qualified individuals for the purposes of 
identifying and controlling fire hazards, detecting early signs 
of unwanted fire, raising an alarm of fire and notifying the fire 
department. 

"Fireworks." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"1.3G Fireworks." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

''1.4S Fireworks." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"1.4G Fireworks:' See paragraph (B)(l)( 3302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Fireworks exhibition." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Fireworks incident." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Fireworks incident site." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of 
rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Fireworks plant." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Flammable cryogenic fluid." See paragraph (B)(l){ 3202.1) 
of rule 1301:7-7-32 of the Administrative Code. 

"Flammable finishes." See paragraph (B)(l)( 1502.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-15 of the Administrative Code. 

"Flammable gas." See paragraph (B)(l)(3502.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-35 of the Administrative Code. 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



31 



DEFINITIONS 



''Flammable liquefied gas." Se&paragraph (B)(l)(3502.1) of 
rule 1301:7-7-35 of the Administrative Code. 

''Flammable liquid." Sec paragraph (B)(l)( 3402.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code. 

"Class lA." See paragraph (B)(l)( 3402.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code. 

"Class IB." See paragraph (B)(l)( 3402.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code. 

"Class IC." See paragraph (B)(l)(3402.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code. 

"Flammable material." A material capable of being readily 
ignited from common sources of heat or at a temperature of 
600°F(316°C)orless. 

"Flammable solid." See paragraph (B)(l)(3602.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-36 of the Administrative Code. 

"Flammable vapor area." S&e paragraph (B)(l)(1502.1) of 
rule 1301:7-7-15 of the Administrative Code. 

"Flammable vapors or fumes." See paragraph 
(B)(l)(2702.1) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code. 

"Flash point." See paragraph (B)(l)( 3402.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code. 

"Fleet vehicle motor fuel-dispensing faciUty." See para- 
graph (B)(l)(2202.1) of rule 1301:7-7-22 of the Administra- 
tive Code. 

[B] "Floor area, gross." Sec paragraph (B)(l)( 1002.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code. 

[B] "Floor area, net." See paragraph (B)(l)( 1002.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code. 

"Fluidized bed." See paragraph (B)(l)( 1502.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-15 of the Administrative Code. 

"Foam-extinguishing system." See paragraph (B)(l)(902.1) 
of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

[B] "Folding and telescopic seating." See paragraph 
(B)(l)( 1002.1) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code. 

"Fuel limit switch." See paragraph (B)(l)(3402.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code. 

"Fumigant." See paragraph (B)(l)(1702.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-17 of the Administrative Code. 

"Fumigation." See paragraph (B)(l)(1702.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-17 of the Administrative Code. 

"Furnace class A." See paragraph (B)(l)(2102.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-21 of the Administrative Code. 

"Furnace class B." See paragraph (B)(l)(2102.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-21 of the Administrative Code. 

"Furnace class C." See paragraph (B)(l)(2 102.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-21 of the Administrative Code. 

"Furnace class D." See paragraph (B)(l)(2102.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-21 of the Administrative Code. 

"Gas cabinet." See paragraph (B)(l)(2702.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code. 



"Gas room." See paragraph (B)(l)(2702.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code. 

[B] "Grandstand." See paragraph (B)(l)( 1002.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code. 

[B] "Guard." See paragraph (B)(l)(1002.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code. 

"Halogenated extinguishing system." See paragraph 
(B)(l)(902. 1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

"Handling." See paragraph (B)(l)(2702.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code. 

[B] "Handrail." See paragraph (B)(l)( 1002.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code. 

"Hazardous material." See paragraph (B)(l)(2702.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code. 

"Hazardous production material (HPM)." See paragraph 
(B)(l)( 1802.1) of rule 1301:7-7-18 of the Administrative Code. 

"Health hazard." See paragraph (B)(l)(2702.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code. 

"Heliport." See paragraph (B)(l)(1102.1 ) of rule 
1301:7-7-11 of the Administrative Code. 

"Helistop." See paragraph (B)(l)(l 102.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-11 of the Administrative Code. 

"Hi-boy." Seeparagraph (B)(l)(302.1) of rule 1301:7-7-03 of 
the Administrative Code. 

"High-piled combustible storage." See paragraph 
(B)(l)(2302.1) of rule 1301:7-7-23 of the Administrative Code. 

"High-piled storage area." Seeparagraph (B)(l)(2302.1) of 
rule 1301:7-7-23 of the Administrative Code. 

"Highly toxic." See paragraph (B)(l)(3702.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-37 of the Administrative Code. 

"Highly volatile liquid." A liquefied compressed gas with a 
boiling point of less than 68°F (20°C). 

"Highway." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Hogged materials." Seeparagraph (B)(l)( 1902.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-19 of the Administrative Code. 

[M] "Hood." See paragraph (B)(l)(602.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-06 of the Administrative Code. 

"Type I." Seeparagraph (B)(l)(602.1) of rule 1301:7-7-06 
of the Administrative Code. 

''Hotel.'' See paragraph (R)(l )(a)(l 18.1.1 ) of rule 
1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code. 

"Hot work." See paragraph (B)(l)(2602.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-26 of the Administrative Code. 

"Hot work area." See paragraph (B)(l)(2602.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-26 of the Administrative Code. 

"Hot work equipment." See paragraph (B)(l)(2602.1) of 
rule 1301:7-7-26 of the Administrative Code. 

"Hot work permits." See paragraph (B)(l)(2602.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-26 of the Administrative Code. 



32 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



DEFINITIONS 



"Hot work program." See paragraph (B)(l)(2602.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-26 of the Administrative Code. 

I I "HPM flammable liquid." See paragraph (B)(l)( 1802.1) of 
rule 1301:7-7-18 of the Administrative Code. 

"HPM room." See paragraph (B)(l)(1802.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-18 of the Administrative Code. 

"Immediately dangerous to life and health (n)LH)." See 

paragraph (B)(l)(2702.1) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Adminis- 
trative Code. 

"Impairment coordinator." See paragraph (B)(l)(902.1) of 
rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

"Incompatible materials." See paragraph (B)(l)(2702.1) of 
rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code. 

"Inhabited building." See paragraph (B)(l)(3 302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Initiating device." See paragraph (B)(l)(902.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

"Interlinked fire detection." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of 
rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Irritant." A chemical which is not corrosive, but which 
causes a reversible inflammatory effect on Uving tissue by 
chemical action at the site of contact. A chemical is a skin irri- 
tant if, when tested on the intact skin of albino rabbits by the 
methods of CPSC 16 CFR, Part 1500.41 as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code for an exposure of 
four or more hours or by other appropriate techniques, it results 
in an empirical score of 5 or more. A chemical is classified as an 
eye irritant if so determined under the procedure hsted in CPSC 
16 CFR, Part 1500.42 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the 
Administrative Code or other approved techniques. 

"Joint fire district." See paragraph (S)(l)(c)( 119.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code. 

"Joint fire and ambulance district." See paragraph 
(S)(l)(e)(119.1) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative 
Code. 

"Key box." See paragraph (B)(l)(502.1) of rule 1301:7-7-05 
of the Administrative Code. 

"Labeled." Equipment or material to which has been attached 
a label, symbol or other identifying mark of a nationally recog- 
nized testing laboratory, inspection agency or other organiza- 
tion concerned with product evaluation that maintains periodic 
inspection of production of labeled equipment or materials, 
and by whose labehng is indicated compliance with nationally 
recognized standards or tests to determine suitable usage in a 
specified manner. 

"Licensed building." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Licensed exhibitor of fireworks or licensed exhibitor." See 

paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Adminis- 
trative Code. 

"Licensed manufacturer of fireworks or licensed manufac- 
turer." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of 
the Administrative Code. 



"Licensed premises." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Licensed wholesaler of fireworks or licensed wholesaler." 

See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the 
Administrative Code. 

"List of licensed exhibitors." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of 
rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"List of licensed manufacturers." See paragraph 
(B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"List of licensed wholesalers." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) 
of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Limited spraying space." See paragraph (B)(l)(1502.1) of 
rule 1301:7-7-15 of the Administrative Code. 

"Liquefied natural gas (LNG)." See paragraph 
(B)(l)(2202.1) of rule 1301:7-7-22 of the Administrative Code. 

"Liquefied petroleum gas (LP-gas)." See paragraph 
(B)(l)(3802.1) of rule 1301:7-7-38 of the Administrative Code. 

"Liquid." See paragraph (B)(l)(2702.1) of rule 1301:7-7-27 
of the Administrative Code. 

"Liquid storage room." See paragraph (B)(l)(3402.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code. 

"Liquid storage warehouse." See paragraph (B)(l)(3402.1) 
of rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code. 

"Listed." Equipment or materials included on a list pubhshed 
by an approved testing laboratory, inspection agency or other 
organization concerned with current production evaluation that 
maintains periodic inspection of production of listed equip- 
ment or materials, and whose listing states that equipment or 
materials comply with approved nationally recognized stan- 
dards and have been tested or evaluated and found suitable for 
use in a specified manner. 

"Loan." See paragraph (S)(l)(f)(119.1) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of 
the Administrative Code. 

"Longitudinal flue space." See paragraph (B)(l)(2302.1) of 
rule 1301:7-7-23 of the Administrative Code. 

"Low-pressure tank." See paragraph (B)(l)( 3202.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-32 of the Administrative Code. 

"Lower explosive limit (LEL)." See paragraph 
(B)(l)(2702.1) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code. 

"Lower flammable limit (LFL)." See paragraph 
(B)(l)(2702.1) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code. 

"Magazine." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Indoor." See paragraph (B)(l)(3 302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Type 1." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code, 

"Type 2." See paragraph (B)(l)(3 302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Type 3." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



33 



DEFINITIONS 



"Type 4." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Type 5." See paragraph (B)(1)(3302J) of rule 
1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Magnesium." See paragraph (B)(l)(3602.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-36 of the Administrative Code. 

"Manual fire alarm box." See paragraph (B)(l)(902.1) of 
rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

"Manual stocking methods." Subparagraph (B)(l)(2302.1) 
of rule 1301:7-7-23 of the Administrative Code. 

"Manufacturing of fireworks." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) 
of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Marine motor fuel-dispensing facility." See paragraph 
(B)(l)(2202.1) of rule 1301:7-7-22 of the Administrative Code. 

"Material safety data sheet (MSDS)." See paragraph 
(B)(l)(2702.1) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code. 

"Maximum allowable quantity per control area." Stt para- 
graph (B)(l)(2702.1) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administra- 
tive Code. 

[B] "Means of egress." See paragraph (B)(l)( 1002.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code. 

"Mechanical stocking methods." See paragraph 
(B)(l)(2302.1) of rule 1301:7-7-23 of the Administrative Code. 

"Membrane structure." See paragraph (B)(l)(2402.1) of 
rule 1301:7-7-24 of the Administrative Code. 

"Merchandise pad." See paragraph (B)(l)(1002.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code. 

"Mobile fueling." See paragraph (B)(l)( 3402.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code. 

"Mortar." Subparagraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 1301:7-7-33 
of the Administrative Code. 

"Motor fuel dispensing facility." See paragraph 
(B)(l)(2202.1) of rule 1301:7-7-22 of the Administrative Code. 

"Multiple-station alarm device." See paragraph 
(B)(l)(902.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

"Multiple-station smoke alarm." See paragraph 
(B)(l)(902.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

"Navigable waters." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Nesting." Seeparagraph (B)(l)(3002.1) of rule 1301:7-7-30 
of the Administrative Code. 

"Net explosive weight (net weight)." See paragraph 
(B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Normal temperature and pressure (NTP)." See paragraph 
(B)(l)(2702.1) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code. 

[B] "Nosing." See paragraph (B)(l)( 1002.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code. 

"Novelties." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Nuisance alarm." See paragraph (B)(l)(902.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 



"Occupancy classification." For the purposes of this code, 
certain occupancies are defined as follows: 

[B] "Assembly Group A." Assembly Group A occupancy 
includes, among others, the use of a building or structure, or 
a portion thereof, for the gathering together of persons for 
purposes such as civic, social or religious functions, recre- 
ation, food or drink consumption or awaiting transportation. 

Exceptions: 

1. A building used for assembly purposes with an 
occupant load of less than fifty persons shall be 
classified as a Group B occupancy. 

2. A room or space used for assembly purposes with 
an occupant load of less than fifty persons and 
accessory to another occupancy shall be classified 
as a Group B occupancy or classified as part of that 
occupancy. 

3 . A room or space used for assembly purposes that is 
less than 750 square feet (70 m^) in area and is 
accessory to another occupancy shall be classified 
as a Group B occupancy or classified as part of that 
occupancy. 

Assembly occupancies shall include the following: 

"A-1" Assembly uses, usually with fixed seating, 
intended for the production and viewing of performing 
arts or motion pictures including but not limited to: 

Motion picture theaters 

Symphony and concert halls 

Televison and radio studios admitting an audience 

Theaters 

"A-2" Assembly uses intended for food and/or drink 
consumption including, but not limited to: 

Banquet halls 
Night clubs 
Restaurants 
Taverns and bars 

"A-3" Assembly uses intended for worship, recreation 
or amusement and other assembly uses not classified 
elsewhere in Group A, including, but not limited to: 

Amusement arcades 

Art galleries ^ 

Bowling alleys 

Community halls 

Courtrooms 

Dance halls (not including food or drink consumption) 

Exhibition halls 

Funeral parlors 

Gymnasiums (without spectator seating) 

Indoor swimming pools (without spectator seating) 

Indoor tennis courts (without spectator seating) 

Lecture halls 

Libraries 

Museums 

Places of religious worship I 

Pool and billiard parlors 

Waiting areas in transportation terminals I 



34 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



DEFINITIONS 



"A-4" Assembly uses intended for viewing of indoor 
sporting events and activities with spectator seating 
including, but not limited to: 

Arenas 
Skating rinks 
Swimming pools 
Tennis courts 

"A-5" Assembly uses intended for participation in or 
viewing outdoor activities including, but not limited to: 

Amusement park structures 

Bleachers 

Grandstands 

Stadiums 

[B] '^Business Group B." Business Group B occupancy 
includes, among others, the use of a building or structure, or 
a portion thereof, for office, professional or service-type 
transactions, including storage of records and accounts. 
Business occupancies shall include, but not be limited to, 
the following: 

Airport traffic control towers 

Animal hospitals, kennels, pounds 

Banks 

Barber and beauty shops 

Car wash 

Civic administration 

Chnic — outpatient 

Dry cleaning and laundries; pick-up and dehvery stations 

and self-service 
Educational occupancies for students above the 12th grade 
Electronic data processing 
Laboratories; testing and research 
Motor vehicle showrooms 
Post offices 
Print shops 
Professional services (architects, attorneys, dentists, 

physicians, engineers, etc.) 
Radio and television stations 
Telephone exchanges 
Training and skill development not within a school or 

acadenuc program 

[B] ''Educational Group E." Educational Group E occu- 
pancy includes, among others, the use of a building or struc- 
ture, or a portion thereof, by six or more persons at any one 
time for educational purposes through the 12th grade. Reli- 
gious educational rooms and religious auditoriums, which 
are accessory to places of worship in accordance with Sec- 
tion 508.3.1 of the building code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code and have occupant 
loads of less than one hundred, shall be classified as Group 
A-3 occupancies. 

"Day care." The use of a building or structure, or portion 
thereof, for educational, supervision or personal care 
services for more than five children older than 2 1/2 years 
of age shall be classified as an E occupancy. 

The use of a building or structure, or portion thereof 
for educational, supervision or personal care services 
for more than five but not more than one hundred chil- 



dren are cared for are located on the level of exit dis- 
charge and each of these child care rooms has an exit 
door directly to the exterior, shall be classified as a 
Group E occupancy. 

A child day care center, other than a type A family day 
care home, for six or more children with nan more than 
five children two and one-half years of age or less, shall 
be classified as Group E occupancy. 

"Factory Industrial F-1 Moderate-Hazard Occupancy." 

Factory Industrial uses which are not classified as Factory 
Industrial Group F-2 shall be classified as F-1 Moderate 
Hazard and shall include, but not be limited to, the follow- 
ing: 

Aircraft 

Appliances 

Athletic equipment 

Automobiles and other motor vehicles 

Bakeries 

Beverages; over 12 percent in alcohol content 

Bicycles 

Boats 

Brooms or brushes 

Business machines 

Cameras and photo equipment 

Canvas and similar fabric 

Carpet and rugs (includes cleaning) 

Disinfectants 

Dry cleaning and dyeing 

Electric generation plants 

Electronics 

Engines (including rebuilding) 

Food processing 

Furniture 

Hemp products 

Jute products 

Laundries 

Leather products 

Machinery 

Metals 

Millwork (sash and doors) 

Motion picture and television filming (without 

spectators) 
Musical instruments 
Optical goods 
Paper mills or products 
Photographic film 
Plastic products 
Printing or publishing 
Recreational vehicles 
Refuse incineration 
Shoes 

Soaps and detergents 
Textiles 
Tobacco 
Trailers 
Upholstering 
Wood; distillation 
Woodworking (cabinet) 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



35 



DEFINITIONS 



[B] 'Tactory Industrial F-2 Low-Hazard Occupancy." 

Factory industrial uses involving the fabrication or manu- 
facturing of noncombustible materials which, during fin- 
ishing, packaging or processing do not involve a significant 
fire hazard, shall be classified as Group F-2 occupancies 
and shall include, but not be limited to, the following: 

Beverages; up to and including 12 percent alcohol 

content 
Brick and masonry 
Ceramic products 
Foundries 
Glass products 
Gypsum 
Ice 
Metal products (fabrication and assembly) 

"High-Hazard Group H." High-hazard Group H occu- 
pancy includes, among others, the use of a building or struc- 
ture, or a portion thereof, that involves the manufacturing, 
processing, generation or storage of materials that consti- 
tute a physical or health hazard in quantities in excess of 
quantities allowed in control areas constructed and located 
as required in paragraph (C)(8)(c)(2703.8.3) of rule 
1301:7-7-28 of the Administrative Code. Hazardous uses 
are classified in Groups H-1, H-2, H-3, H-4 and H-5 and 
shall be in accordance with this code and the requirements 
of Section 415 of the building code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

Exceptions: The following shall not be classified in 
Group H, but shall be classified in the occupancy that 
they most nearly resemble: 

1. Buildings and structures that contain not more 
than the maximum allowable quantities per con- 
trol area of hazardous materials as shown in 
Tables 2703.1.1(1) and 2703.1.1(2) of rule 
1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code, pro- 
vided that such buildings are maintained in 
accordance with this code. 

2. Buildings utilizing control areas in accordance 
with paragraph (C)(8)(c)(2703.8.3) of rule 
1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code that 
contain not more than the maximum allowable 
quantities per control area of hazardous materials 
as shown in Tables 2703.1.1(1) and 2703.1.1(2) 
of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code. 

3. Buildings and structures occupied for the apph- 
cation of flammable finishes, provided that such 
buildings or areas conform to the requirements of 
Section 416 of the building code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code and rule 
1301:7-7-15 of the Administrative Code. 

4. Wholesale and retail sales and storage of flam- 
mable and combustible liquids in mercantile 
occupancies conforming to rule 1301:7-7-34 of 
the Administrative Code. 

5. Closed piping systems containing flammable or 
combustible liquids or gases utilized for the oper- 
ation of machinery or equipment. 



6. Cleaning establishments that utilize combustible 
hquid solvents having a flash point of 140°F 
(60°C) or higher in closed systems employing 
equipment listed by an approved testing agency, 
provided that this occupancy is separated from 
all other areas of the building by 1-hour fire barri- 
ers constructed in accordance with Section 706 
of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 
of the Administrative Code or 1-hour horizontal 
assemblies constructed in accordance with Sec- 
tion 711 of the building code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code, or both. 

7. Cleaning establishments that utilize a liquid sol- 
vent having a flash point at or above 200°F 
(93°C). 

8. Liquor stores and distributors without bulk stor- 
age. 

9. Refrigeration systems. 

10. The storage or utilization of materials for agricul- 
tural purposes on the premises. 

11. Stationary batteries utilized for facility emer- 
gency power, uninterrupted power supply or 
telecommunication facilities, provided that the 
batteries are provided with safety venting caps 
and ventilation is provided in accordance with 
the mechanical code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

12. Corrosives shall not include personal or household 
products in their original packaging used in retail 
display or commonly used building materials. 

13. Buildings and structures occupied for aerosol 
storage shall be classified as Group S-1, provided 
that such buildings conform to the requirements 
of rule 1301:7-7-28 of the Administrative Code. 

14. Display and storage of nonflammable solid and 
nonflammable or noncombustible liquid hazard- 
ous materials in quantities not exceeding the 
maximum allowable quantity per control area in 
Group M or S occupancies complying withpara- 
graph (C)(8)(c)(v)(2703.8.3.5) of rule 
1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code. 

15. The storage of black powder, smokeless propel- 
lant and small arms primers in Groups M and R-3 
and special industrial explosive devices in 
Groups B, F, M and S, provided such storage 
conforms to the quantity limits and requirements 
of this code. 

"High-hazard Group H-1." Buildings and structures 
containing materials that pose a detonation hazard, shall 
be classified as Group H- 1 . Such materials shall include, 
but not be limited to, the following: 

Explosives: 
Division 1.1 
Division 1.2 
Division 1.3 



36 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



DEFINITIONS 



Exception: Materials that are used and main- 
tained in a form where either confinement or 
configuration will not elevate the hazard fi-om a 
mass fire to mass explosion hazard shall be 
allowed in Group H-2 occupancies. 

Division 1.4 

Exception: Articles, including articles pack- 
aged for shipment, that are not regulated as an 
explosive under bureau of alcohol, tobacco and 
firearms regulations, or unpackaged articles 
used in process operations that do not propagate 
a detonation or deflagration between articles 
shall be allowed in Group H-3 occupancies. 

Division 1.5 

Division 1.6 
Organic peroxides, unclassified detonable 
Oxidizers, Class 4 
Unstable (reactive) materials, Class 3 detonable, and 

Class 4 
Detonable pyrophoric materials 

"High-hazard Group H-2." Buildings and structures 
containing materials that pose a deflagration hazard or a 
hazard from accelerated burning, shall be classified as 
Group H-2. Such materials shall include, but not be lim- 
ited to, the following: 

Class I, or n or DIA flammable or combustible liquids 
which are used or stored in normally open containers 
or systems, or in closed containers or systems 
pressurized at more than 15 pounds per square inch 
(103.4 kPa) gauge 

Combustible dusts 

Cryogenic fluids, flammable 

Rammable gases 

Organic peroxides. Class I 

Oxidizers, Class 3, that are used or stored in normally 
open containers or systems, or in closed containers 
or systems pressurized at more than 1 5 pounds per 
square inch (103.4 kPa) gauge 

Pyrophoric liquids, solids and gases, nondetonable 

Unstable (reactive) materials, Class 3, nondetonable 

Water-reactive materials. Class 3 

"High-hazard Group H-3." Buildings and structures 
containing materials that readily support combustion or 
that pose a physical hazard shall be classified as Group 
H-3. Such materials shall include, but not be limited to, 
the following: 

Class I, n or lUA flammable or combustible liquids 
are used or stored in normally closed containers or 
systems pressurized at 15 pounds per square inch 
gauge (103.4 kPa) or less 

Combustible fibers, other than densely packed 
baled cotton 

Consumer fireworks, 1.4G (Class C, Common) 

Cryogenic fluids, oxidizing 

Flammable solids 

Organic peroxides, Class 11 and Class III 

Oxidizers, Class 2 



Oxidizers, Class 3, that are used or stored in normally 
closed containers or systems pressurized at 15 
pounds per square inch gauge (103.4 kPa) or less 

Oxidizing gases 

Unstable (reactive) materials, Class 2 

Water-reactive materials, Class 2 

"High-hazard Group H-4." Buildings and structures 
which contain materials that are health hazards shall be 
classified as Group H-4. Such materials shall include, but 
not be limited to, the following: 

Corrosives 

Highly toxic materials 

Toxic materials 

''High-hazard Group H-5." Semiconductor fabrication 
facilities and comparable research and development 
areas in which hazardous production materials (HPM) 
are used and the aggregate quantity of materials is in 
excess of those listed in Tables 2703.1.1(1) and 
2703.1.1(2) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative 
Code. Such facilities and areas shall be designed and 
constructed in accordance with Section 415.8 of the 
building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Admin- 
istrative Code. 

[B] ''Institutional Group I." Institutional Group I occu- 
pancy includes, among others, the use of a building or 
structure, or a portion thereof, in which people, cared for 
or living in a supervised environment and having physi- 
cal limitations because of health or age, are harbored for 
medical treatment or other care or treatment, or in which 
people are detained for penal or correctional purposes or 
in which the liberty of the occupants is restricted. Institu- 
tional occupancies shall be classified as Group I-l, 1-2, 
1-3 or 1-4. 

"Group I-l." This occupancy shall include build- 
ings, structures or parts thereof housing more than 16 
persons, on a 24-hour basis, who because of age, men- 
tal disability or other reasons, live in a supervised resi- 
dential environment that provides personal care 
services. The occupants are capable of responding to 
an emergency situation without physical assistance 
from staff. This group shall include, but not be limited 
to, the following: 

Alcohol and drug centers 
Assisted living facilities 
Congregate care facilities 
Convalescent facilities 
Group homes 
Half-way houses 

Residential board and care facilities 
Social rehabilitation facilities 

A facility such as the above with five or fewer per- 
sons shall be classified as Group R-3 or shall comply 
with the International Residential Code as listed in 
rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code in accor- 
dance with Section 101.2 of the building code as 
listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 
A facility such as above, housing at least six and not 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



37 



DEFINITIONS 



II 



more than 16 persons, shall be classified as Group 
R-4. 

"Group 1-2." This occupancy shall include buildings 
and structures used for medical, surgical, psychiatric, 
nursing or custodial care on a 24-hour basis of more 
than five persons who are not capable of self-preser- 
vation. This group shall include, but not be limited to, 
the following: 

Hospitals 

Nursing homes (both intermediate care facilities 

and skilled nursing faciUties) 
Mental hospitals 
Detoxification facilities 
Nursing homes as defined in section 3721.01 of 

the Revised Code 

A facility such as the above with five or fewer per- 
sons shall be classified as Group R-3 or shall comply 
with the International Residential Code as listed in 
rule 1301 : 7-7-45 of the Administrative Code in accor- 
dance with Section 101.2 of the building code as 
listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

"Group 1-3." This occupancy shall include buildings 
and structures which are inhabited by more than five 
persons who are under restraint or security. An 1-3 
facility is occupied by persons who are generally 
incapable of self-preservation due to security mea- 
sures not under the occupants' control. This group 
shall include, but not be limited to, the following: 

Correctional centers 

Detention centers 

Jails 

Prerelease centers 

Prisons 

Reformatories 

Buildings of Group 1-3 shall be classified as one of 
the occupancy conditions indicated below: 

"Condition 1." This occupancy condition shall 
include buildings in which free movement is 
allowed from sleeping areas and other spaces 
where access or occupancy is permitted, to the 
exterior via means of egress without restraint, A 
Condition 1 facility is permitted to be constructed 
as Group R. 

"Condition 2." This occupancy condition shall 
include buildings in which free movement is 
allowed from sleeping areas and any other occu- 
pied smoke compartment to one or more other 
smoke compartments. Egress to the exterior is 
impeded by locked exits. 

"Condition 3." This occupancy condition shall 
include buildings in which free movement is 
allowed within individual smoke compartments, 
such as within a residential unit comprised of indi- 
vidual sleeping units and group activity spaces, 
where egress is impeded by remote-controlled 
release of means of egress from such smoke com- 
partment to another smoke compartment. 



"Condition 4." This occupancy condition shall 
include buildings in which free movement is 
restricted from an occupied space. Remote-con- 
trolled release is provided to pennit movement 
from sleeping units, activity spaces and other 
occupied areas within the smoke compartment to 
other smoke compartments. 

"Condition 5." This occupancy condition shall 
include buildings in which free movement is 
restricted from an occupied space. Staff-controlled 
manual release is provided to permit movement 
from sleeping units, activity spaces and other 
occupied areas within the smoke compartment to 
other smoke compartments. 

"Group 1-4, day care facilities." This group shall 
include buildings and structures occupied by persons 
of any age who receive custodial care for less than 24 
hours by individuals other than parents or guardians, 
relatives by blood, marriage, or adoption, and in a 
place other than the home of the person cared for. A 
facility such as the above with five or fewer persons 
shall be classified as Group R-3 or shall comply with 
the International Residential Code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code in accor- 
dance with Section 101.2 of the building code as 
listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 
Places of worship during religious functions are not 
included. 

"Adult care facility." A facility that provides 
accommodations for less than 24 hours for more 
than five unrelated adults and provides supervision 
and personal care services shall be classified as 
Group 1-4. 

Exception: Where the occupants are capable of 
responding to an emergency situation without 
physical assistance from the staff the facility 
shall be classified as Group A-3. 

"Child care facility." A facility that provides 
supervision and personal care on less than a 
24-hour basis for more than five children 2 1^ years 
of age or less shall be classified as Group 1-4. 

Exception: A child day care facility which pro- 
vides care for more than five but no more than 
100 children 2 Vj years or less of age, when the 
rooms where such children are cared for are 
located on the level of exit discharge and each 
of these child care rooms has an exit door 
directly to the exterior, shall be classified as 
Group E. 

[B] "Mercantile Group M." Mercantile Group M occu- 
pancy includes, among others, buildings and structures or a 
portion thereof, for the display and sale of merchandise, and 
involves stocks of goods, wares or merchandise incidental to 
such purposes and accessible to the pubUc. Mercantile occu- 
pancies shall include, but not be limited to, the following: 

Department stores 
Drug stores 



38 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



DEFINITIONS 



d 



• 



Markets 

Motor fuel-dispensing facilities 
Retail or wholesale stores 
Sales rooms 

[B] "Residential Group R." Residential Group R includes, 
among others, the use of a building or structure, or a portion 
thereof, for sleeping purposes when not classified as Institu- 
tional Group I or when not regulated by the International 
Residential Code as listed in rule 1 301 : 7- 7-45 of the Admin- 
istrative Code in accordance with Section 101.2 of the 
building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Adminis- 
trative Code. Residential occupancies shall include the fol- 
lowing: 

"R-1" Residential occupancies containing sleeping 
units where the occupants are primarily transient in 
nature, including: 

Boarding houses (transient) 
Hotels (transient) 
Motels (transient) 

R-1 occupancies typically will include sleeping units 
but may also include dwelling units when those units are 
not used primarily as permanent residences. 

«R-2" Residential occupancies containing sleeping 
units or more than two dwelUng units where the occu- 
pants are primarily permanent in nature in structures 
with shared means of egress, including: 

Apartment houses 

Boarding houses (not transient) 

Convents 

Dormitories 

Fraternities and sororities 

Hotels (nontransient) 

Monasteries 

Motels (nontransient) 

Vacation timeshare properties 

Congregate living facilities with 16 or fewer occu- 
pants are permitted to comply with the construction 
requirements for Group R-3. 

Residential occupancies in buildings or structures of 
mixed use containing one or more dwelling units where 
the occupants are primarily permanent in nature in 
structures with shared means of egress. 

"R-3" Residential occupancies where the occupants are 
primarily permanent in nature and not classified as R-1, 
R-2, orl. 

Buildings that do not contain more than two dwelling 
units. 

Adult care facilities that provide accommodations for 
five or fewer persons of any age for less than 24 hours. 

Child care facilities that provide accommodations for 
five or fewer persons of any age for less than 24 hours. 

Congregate living facilities with 1 6 or fewer persons. 

Adult and child care facilities that are within a sin- 
gle-family home are permitted to comply with the Inter- 



national Residential Code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 
of the Administrative Code. 

"R-4" Residential occupancies shall include buildings 
arranged for occupancy as residential care/assisted liv- 
ing facilities including more than five but not more than 
16 occupants, excluding staff. 

Group R-4 occupancies shall meet the requirements 
for construction as defined in Group R-3 the building 
code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative 
Code for Group R-3 as otherwise provided for in that 
code or shall comply with the International Residential 
Code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative 
Code. 

[B] "Storage Group S." Storage Group S occupancy 
includes, among others, the use of a building or structure, or 
a portion thereof, for storage that is not classified as a haz- 
ardous occupancy. 

"Moderate-hazard storage, Group S-1." Buildings 
occupied for storage uses that are not classified as Group 
S-2 including, but not limited to, storage of the follow- 
mg: 

Aerosols, Level 2 and 3 

Aircraft repair hangar 

Bags, cloth, burlap and paper 

Bamboo and rattan 

Baskets 

Belting, canvas and leather 

Books and paper in rolls or packs 

Boots and shoes 

Buttons, including cloth covered, pearl or bone 

Cardboard and cardboard boxes 

Clothing, woolen wearing apparel 

Cordage 

Dry boat storage (indoor) 

Furniture 

Furs 

Glue, mucilage, paste and size 

Grain 

Horn and combs, other than celluloid 

Leather 

Linoleum 

Lumber 

Motor vehicle repair garages (complying with the 
building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the 
Administrative Code and containing less than the 
maximum allowable quantities of hazardous 
materials) 

Photo engraving 

Resilient flooring 

Silks 

Soaps 

Sugar 

Tires, bulk storage of 

Tobacco, cigars, cigarettes and snuff 

Upholstery and mattresses 

Wax candles 

"Low-hazard storage, Group S-2." Includes, among 
others, buildings used for the storage of noncombustible 



'Mm AMin oQB f^nt\e 

£M\1I \Jw\t\f rInC V'V/UC 



39 



DEFINITIONS 



materials such as products on wood pallets or in paper 
cartons with or without single thickness divisions; or in 
paper wrappings. Such products may have a neghgible 
amount of plastic trim such as knobs, handles, or film 
wrapping. Storage uses shall include, but are not limited 
to, storage of the following: 

Aircraft hangar 

Asbestos 

Beverages up to and including 12-per cent alcohol in 

metal, glass or ceramic containers 
Cement in bags 
Chalk and crayons 

Dairy products in nonwaxed coated paper containers 
Dry cell batteries 
Electrical coils 
Electrical motors 
Empty cans 
Food products 

Foods in noncombustible containers 
Fresh fruits and vegetables in nonplastic trays or 

containers 
Frozen foods 
Glass 
Glass bottles, empty or filled with noncombustible 

liquids 
Gypsum board 
Inert pigments 
Ivory 

Metal desks with plastic tops and trim 
Metal parts 
Metals 
Mirrors 

Oil-filled and other types of distribution transformers 
Parking garages (open or enclosed) 
Porcelain and pottery 
Stoves 

Talc and soapstones 
Washers and dryers 

[B] '^Miscellaneous Group U." Buildings and structures of 
an accessory character and miscellaneous structures not 
classified in any specific occupancy shall be constructed, 
equipped and maintained to conform to the requirements of 
this code conmiensurate with the fire and life hazard inci- 
dental to their occupancy. Group U shall include, but not be 
limited to, the following: 

Agricultural buildings 

Aircraft hangar, accessory to a one- or two-family 
residence (see Section 412.3 of the building code as 
listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code) 

Bams 

Carports 

Fences more than 6 feet (1829 mm) high 

Grain silos, accessory to a residential occupancy 

Greenhouses 

Livestock shelters 

Private garages 

Retaining walls 



Sheds 
Stables 
Tanks 
Towers 

[B] "Occupant load." See paragraph (B)(l)(1002.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code. 

"Open burning." See paragraph (B)(l)(302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-03 of the Administrative Code. 

"Open system." The use of a solid or liquid hazardous material 
involving a vessel or system that is continuously open to the 
atmosphere during normal operations where vapors are liber- 
ated, or the product is exposed to the atmosphere during normal 
operations. Examples of open systems for solids and Uquids 
include dispensing from or into open beakers or containers, dip 
tank and plating tank operations. 

"Operating building." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Operating line." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Operating pressure." The pressure at which a system oper- 
ates. 

"Organic coating." See paragraph (B)(l)(2002.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-20 of the Administrative Code. 

"Organic peroxide." See paragraph (B)(l)(3902.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-39 of the Administrative Code. 

"Class I." See paragraph (B)(l)( 3902.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-39 of the Administrative Code. 

"Class II." See paragraph (B)(l)(3902.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-39 of the Administrative Code. 

"Class in." See paragraph (B)(l)(3902.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-39 of the Administrative Code. 

"Class rV." See paragraph (B)(l)(3902.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-39 of the Administrative Code. 

"Class V." See paragraph (B)(l)( 3902.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-39 of the Administrative Code. 

"Unclassified detonable." See paragraph (B)(l)( 3902.1) 
of rule 1301:7-7-39 of the Administrative Code. 

"Outdoor control area." See paragraph (B)(l)(2702.1) of 
rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code. 

"Overcrowding." A condition that exists when either there are 
more people in a building, structure or portion thereof than 
have been authorized or posted by the fire code official, or 
when the fire code official determines that a threat exists to the 
safety of the occupants due to persons sitting and/or standing in 
locations that obstruct or impede the use of aisles, passages, 
corridors, stairways, exits or other components of the means of 
egress, 

"Owner." A corporation, firm, partnership, association, orga- 
nization and any other group acting as a unit, or a person who 
has legal title to any structure or premises with or without 
accompanying actual possession thereof, and shall include the 
duly authorized agent or attorney, a purchaser, devisee, fidu- 



40 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



DEFINITIONS 



ciary and any person having a vested or contingent interest in 
the premises in question. 

"Oxidizer." See paragraph (B)(l)(4002.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-40 of the Administrative Code. 

"Class 4." See paragraph (B)(l)(4002.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-40 of the Administrative Code. 

"Class 3." See paragraph (B)(l)(4002.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-40 of the Administrative Code. 

"Class 2." See paragraph (B)(l)(4002.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-40 of the Administrative Code. 

"Class 1." See paragraph (B)(l)(4002.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-40 of the Administrative Code. 

"Oxidizing gas." See paragraph (B)(l)( 4002.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-40 of the Administrative Code. 

"Ozone-gas generator." See paragraph (B)(l)(3702.1) of 
rule 1301:7-7-37 of the Administrative Code. 

[B] 'Tanic hardware." Se& paragraph (B)(l)( 1002.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code. 

"Party popper." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Pass-through." See paragraph (B)(l)(1802.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-18 of the Administrative Code. 

"Permissible exposure limit (PEL)." See paragraph 
(B)(l)(2702.1) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code. 

"Person." In addition to the meaning in section 1.59 of the 
Revised Code, means the state and any political subdivision of 
the state, and any other entity, public or private. 

"Pesticide." See paragraph (B)(l )(2702.1 ) of rule 
1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code. 

"Physical hazard." See paragraph (B)(l)(2702.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code. 

"Physiological warning threshold." See paragraph 
(B)(l)(3702.1) of rule 1301 .7-7-37 of the Administrative Code. 

"Plosophoric material." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of 
rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Plywood and veneer mills." See paragraph (B)(l)( 1902.1) 
of rule 1301:7-7-19 of the Administrative Code. 

"Powered industrial truck." See paragraph (B)(l)(302.1) of 
rule 1301:7-7-03 of the Administrative Code. 

"Pressure vessel." See paragraph (B)(l)(2702.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code. 

"Primary containment." The first level of containment, con- 
sisting of the inside portion of that container which comes into 
immediate contact on its inner surface with the material being 
contained. 

"Private volunteer fire company." See paragraph 
(U)(l)(a)(121.1) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative 
Code. 

"Processing of fireworks." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of 
rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 



"Process transfer." See paragraph (B)(l)(3402.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code. 

"Propellant." See paragraph (B)(l)( 2802.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-28 of the Administrative Code. 

"Proximate audience." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Public fireworks exhibition." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) 
of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"PubUc traffic route (PTR)." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) 
of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

[B] "Public way." See paragraph (B)(l)( 1002.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code. 

"Pyrophoric." See paragraph (B)(l)(4102.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-41 of the Administrative Code. 

'Tyrotechnic composition." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of 
rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Pyrotechnics exhibition." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of 
rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Pyrotechnic exhibitor." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Pyrotechnic special effect." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) 
of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Pyrotechnic special effect material." See paragraph 
(B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Qualifying small government." See paragraph 
(S)(l)(a)(119.1) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative 
Code. 

"Quantity-distance (Q-D)." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of 
rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Minimum Separation Distance (Do)." See paragraph 
(B)(l)(3 302.1) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative 
Code. 

"Intraline Distance (ILD) or Intraplant Distance 
(IPD)." Seeparagraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 1301:7-7-33 
of the Administrative Code. 

"Inhabited Building Distance (IBD)." See paragraph 
(B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative 
Code. 

"Intermagazine Distance (HMD)." See paragraph 
(B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative 
Code. 

"Railroad." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Railway." Seeparagraph (B)(l)( 3302.1) of rule 1301:7-7-33 
of the Administrative Code. 

[B] "Ramp." See paragraph (B)(l)(1002.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code. 

"Raw product." See paragraph (B)(l)( 1902.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-19 of the Administrative Code. 

"Ready box." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



41 



DEFINITIONS 



"Record drawings." See paragraph (B)(l)(902.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

"Recreational fire." See paragraph (B)(l)(302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-03 of the Administrative Code. 

"Reduced flow valve." Subparagraph (B)(l)( 3702.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-37 of the Administrative Code. 

"Refinery." See paragraph (B)(l)(3402.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code. 

"Refrigerant." See paragraph (B)(l)(602.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-06 of the Administrative Code. 

"Refrigeration system." Subparagraph (B)(l)(602.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-06 of the Administrative Code. 

[B] "Registered design professional." An architect or engi- 
neer, registered or licensed to practice professional architecture 
or engineering, as defined by the statutory requirements of the 
professional registration laws of the state in which the project is 
to be constructed. 

[B] "Religious worship, place of." A building or portion 
thereof intended for the performance of religious services. 

"Remote emergency shutoff device." See paragraph 
(B)(l)(3402.1) of rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code. 

"Remotely located, manually activated shutdown control." 

A control system that is designed to initiate shutdown of the 
flow of gases or liquids that is manually activated from a point 
located some distance from the delivery system. 

"Remote solvent reservoir." S&t paragraph (B)(l)( 3402.1) of 
rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code. 

"Repair garage." See paragraph (B)(l)(2202.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-22 of the Administrative Code. 

"Resin application area." See paragraph (B)(l)(1502.1) of 
rule 1301:7-7-15 of the Administrative Code. 

"Responsible manager r See paragraph (B)(l)(2602.1) of 
rule 1301 :7-7-26 of the Administrative Code. 

^'Responsible person." The person responsible for compliance 
with the state fire code, including but not limited to, the owner, 
lessee, agent, operator, or occupant of a building, premises or 
vehicle. Responsible persons can include individuals, heirs, 
executors, administrators or assigns, business associations, 
partnerships or corporations, its or their successors or assigns 
or the agent of any of the aforesaid. 

"Retail display area." See paragraph (B)(l)(2802.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-28 of the Administrative Code. 

"Roll coating." See paragraph (B)(l)( 1502.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-15 of the Administrative Code. 

"Rubbish (trash)." Combustible and noncombustible waste 
materials, including residue from the burning of coal, wood, 
coke or other combustible material, paper, rags, cartons, tin 
cans, metals, mineral matter, glass crockery, dust and discarded 
refrigerators, and heating, cooking or incinerator-type appli- 
ances. 

"Safety can." See paragraph (B)(l)( 2702.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code. 



[B] "Scissor stair." See paragraph (B)(l)( 1002.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code. 

"Secondary containment." See paragraph (B)(l)(2702.1) of 
rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code. 

"Segregated." See paragraph (B)(l)(2702.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code. 

"Self-service motor fuel-dispensing facility." See paragraph 
(B)(l)(2202.1) of rule 1301:7-7-22 of the Administrative Code. 

"Semiconductor fabrication facility." See paragraph 
(B)(l)( 1802.1) of rule 1301:7-7-18 of the Administrative Code. 

"Service corridor." See paragraph (B)(l)(1802.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-18 of the Administrative Code. 

"Shelf storage." See paragraph (B)(l)(2302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-23 of the Administrative Code. 

"Single-station smoke alarm." See paragraph (B)(l)(902.1) 
of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

[B] "Sleeping unit." See paragraph (B)(l)(902.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

"Small arms ammunition." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of 
rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Small arms primers." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Smoke alarm." See paragraph (B)(l)(902.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

"Smoke detector." See paragraph (B)(l)( 902.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

''Smoke device." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

[B] "Smoke-protected assembly seating." See paragraph 
(B)(l)( 1002.1) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code. 

"Smokeless propellants." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of 
rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

''Snake or glow worm." See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Snapper." See paragraph (B)(l){3 302.1) of rule 1301:7-7-33 
of the Administrative Code. 

"Solid." See paragraph (B)(l)(2702.1) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of 
the Administrative Code. 

"Solid shelving." See paragraph (B)(l)( 2302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-23 of the Administrative Code. 

"Solvent distillation unit." See paragraph (B)(l)(3402.1) of 
rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code. 

"Solvent or liquid classifications." See paragraph 
{B){1)( 1202.1) of rule 1301:7-7-12 of the Administrative Code. 

"Class I solvents." See paragraph (B)(l)( 1202.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-12 of the Administrative Code. 

"Class n solvents." See paragraph (B)(l)( 1202.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-12 of the Administrative Code. 

"Class inA solvents." See paragraph (B)(l)( 1202.1) of 
rule 1301:7-7-12 of the Administrative Code. 



42 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



DEFINITIONS 



"Class niB solvents." See paragraph (B)(l)( 1202.1) of 
rule 1301:7-7-12 of the Administrative Code. 

"Class IV solvents." Se& paragraph (B)(l)( 1202.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-12 of the Administrative Code. 

"Special amusement building." A building that is temporary, 
permanent or mobile that contains a device or system that con- 
veys passengers or provides a walkway along, around or over a 
course in any direction as a form of amusement arranged so that 
the egress path is not readily apparent due to visual or audio 
distractions or an intentionally confounded egress path, or is 
not readily available because of the mode of conveyance 
through the building or structure. 

"Special industrial explosive device." See paragraph 
(B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Spray booth." See paragraph (B)(l)( 1502.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-15 of the Administrative Code. 

"Spray room." See paragraph (B)(l)( 1502.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-15 of the Administrative Code. 

"Spraying space." See paragraph (B)(l)(1502.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-15 of the Administrative Code. 

"SRO facility:' See paragraph (R)(l)(b)(l 18.1.2) of rule 
1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code. 

[B] "Stair." See paragraph (B)(l)( 1002.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code. 

[B] "Stairway." See paragraph (B)(l)( 1002.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code. 

[B] "Stairway, exterior." See paragraph (B)(l)( 1002.1) of 
rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code. 

[B] "Stairway, interior." See paragraph (B)(l)( 1002.1) of 
rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code. 

[B] "Stairway, spiral." Sqq paragraph (B)(l)(1002.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code. 

"Standpipe system, classes of." See paragraph (B)(l)(902.1) 
of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

"Class I system." See paragraph (B)(l)(902.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

"Class n system." See paragraph (B)(l)(902.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

"Class in system." See paragraph (B)(l)(902.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

"Standpipe, types of." See paragraph (B)(l)(902.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

"Automatic dry." See paragraph (B)(l)(902.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

"Automatic wet." See paragraph (B)(l)(902.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

"Manual dry." See paragraph (B)(l)(902.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

"Manual wet." See paragraph (B)(l)(902.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 



"Semiautomatic dry." See paragraph (B)(l)(902.1) of 
rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

"Static piles." See paragraph (B)(l)( 1902.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-19 of the Administrative Code. 

"Steel." Hot- or cold-rolled as defined by the building code as 
listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

"Storage, hazardous materials." See paragraph 
(B)(l)(2702.1) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code. 

"Supervising station." See paragraph (B)(l)(902.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

"Supervisory service." See paragraph (B)(l)(902.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

"Supervisory signal." See paragraph (B)(l)(902.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

"Supervisory signal-initiating device." See paragraph 
(B)(l)(902.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

"System." See paragraph (B)(l)(2702.1) of rule 1301:7-7-27 
of the Administrative Code. 

"Tank." A vessel containing more than 60 gallons (227 L). 

"Tank, atmospheric." See paragraph (B)(l)(2702.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code. 

"Tank, portable." See paragraph (B)(l)(2702.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code. 

"Tank, primary." See paragraph (B)(l)(3402.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code. 

"Tank, protected above ground." See paragraph 
(B)(l)( 3402.1) of rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code. 

"Tank, stationary." See paragraph (B)(l)(2702.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code. 

"Tank vehicle." See paragraph (B)(l)(2702.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code. 

"Tent." See paragraph (B)(l)(2402.1) of rule 1301:7-7-24 of 
the Administrative Code. 

"Theft resistant." See paragraph (B)(l)( 3302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Thermal insecticidal fogging." See paragraph 
(B)(l)( 1702.1) of rule 1301:7-7-17 of the Administrative Code. 

"Timber and lumber production facilities." See paragraph 
(B)(l)( 1902.1) of rule 1301:7-7-19 of the Administrative Code. 

"Tires, bulk storage of." See paragraph (B)(l)(902.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

"Tool." See paragraph (B)(l)(1802.1) of rule 1301:7-7-18 of 
the Administrative Code. 

"Torch-applied roof system." See paragraph (B)(l)(2602.1) 
of rule 1301:7-7-26 of the Administrative Code. 

"Toxic." See paragraph (B)(l)(3702.1) of rule 1301:7-7-37 of 
the Administrative Code. 

"Transverse flue space." See paragraph (B)(l)(2302.1) of 
rule 1301:7-7-23 of the Administrative Code. 

"Trash." See "Rubbish." 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



43 



DEFINITIONS 



"Trick match:' See paragraph (B)(l)( 3302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Trouble signal." See paragraph (B)(l)( 902.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

"Unauthorized discharge." Subparagraph (B)(l)(2702.1) of 
rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code. 

"Unfriendly fire." Afire of destructive nature as distinguished 
from a controlled fire intended for a beneficial purpose. 

"Unstable (reactive) material." See paragraph 
(B)(l)(4302.1) of rule 1301:7-7-43 of the Administrative Code. 

"Class 4." See paragraph (B)(l)(4302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-43 of the Administrative Code. 

"Class 3." See paragraph (B)(l)(4302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-43 of the Administrative Code. 

"Class 2." See paragraph (B)(l)(4302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-43 of the Administrative Code. 

"Class 1." See paragraph (B)(l)(4302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-43 of the Administrative Code. 

"Unwanted fire." A fire not used for cooking, heating or recre- 
ational purposes or one not incidental to the normal operations 
of the property. 

"Use (material)." See paragraph (B)(l)( 2702.1) of rule 
^ 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code. 

"Vapor pressure." See paragraph (B)(l)(2702.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code. 

"Visible alarm notification appliance." See paragraph 
(B)(l)(902.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

"Volunteer fire department:' See paragraph (T)(l)(a)( 120.1) 
of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code. 

"Volunteer fire fighter" See paragraph (T)(l)(c)( 120.1) of 
rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code. 

"Water-reactive material." See paragraph (B)(l)(4402.1) of 
rule 1301:7-7-44 of the Administrative Code. 

"Class 3." See paragraph (B)(l)(4402.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-44 of the Administrative Code. 

"Class 2." See paragraph (B)(l)(4402.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-44 of the Administrative Code. 

"Class 1." See paragraph (B)(l)(4402.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-44 of the Administrative Code. 

"Wet-chemical extinguishing agent." See paragraph 
(B)(l)(902.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

"Wholesale sale or sell at wholesale" See paragraph 
(B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 



[B] "Winder." See paragraph (B)(1)(1002J) of rule 
1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code. 

"Wire sparkler:' See paragraph (B)(l)(3302.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

"Wireless protection system." Subparagraph (B)(l)(902.1) 
of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

"Workstation." See paragraph (B)(l)( 1802.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-18 of the Administrative Code. 

"Zone." Sqc paragraph (B)(l)(902.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of 
the Administrative Code. 

Effective Date: July 1, 2007 

Prior Effective Dates: 7/1/79; 6/1/85; 6/15/92; 7/1/93; 
11/27/93; 9/1/95; 3/30/98; 11/20/98; 9/1/05 



44 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



OHIO ADMINISTRATIVE CODE 1301:7-7-03 

GENERAL PRECAUTIONS AGAINST FIRE 



(A) SECTION 301 
GENERAL 

(1) 301.1 Scope. The provisions of this rule shall govern the 
occupancy and maintenance of all structures and premises for 
precautions against fire and the spread of fire. 

(2) 301.2 Permits. Permits shall be required as set forth in rule 
1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code for the activities or 
uses regulated by paragraphs (F)(306), (G)(307), 
(H)(3)(308.3), (H)(4)(308.4), (H)(5)(308.5) and (0)(315) of 
this rule. 



(B) SECTION 302 
DEFINITIONS 

(1) 302.1 Definitions. The following words and terms shall, for 
the purposes of this rule and as used elsewhere in this code, 
have the meanings shown herein. 

"Bonfire." An outdoor fire utilized for ceremonial purposes. 

"Hi-boy." A cart used to transport hot roofing materials on a 
roof. 

"Open burning." The burning of materials wherein products 
of combustion are emitted directly into the ambient air without 
passing through a stack or chimney from an enclosed chamber. 
Open burning does not include road flares, smudgepots and 
similar devices associated with safety or occupational uses typ- 
ically considered open flames or recreational fires. For the pur- 
pose of this definition, a chamber shall be regarded as enclosed 
when, during the time combustion occurs, only apertures, 
ducts, stacks, flues or chinmeys necessary to provide combus- 
tion air and permit the escape of exhaust gas are open. 

"Powered industrial truck." A forklift, tractor, platform lift 
truck or motorized hand truck powered by an electrical motor 
or internal combustion engine. Powered industrial trucks do 
not include farm vehicles or automotive vehicles for highway 
use. 

"Recreational fire." An outdoor fire burning materials other 
than rubbish where the fuel being burned is not contained in an 
incinerator, outdoor fireplace, barbecue grill or barbecue pit 
and has a total fuel area of 3 feet (914 mm) or less in diameter 
and 2 feet (610 mm) or less in height for pleasure, religious, 
ceremonial, cooking, warmth or similar purposes. 



(C) SECTION 303 
ASPHALT KETTLES 

(1) 303.1 Transporting. Asphalt (tar) kettles shall not be trans- 
ported over any highway, road or street when the heat source 
for the kettle is operating. 

Exception: Asphalt (tar) kettles in the process of patching 
road surfaces. 



(2) 303.2 Location. Asphalt (tar) kettles shall not be located 
within 20 feet (6096 mm) of any combustible material, com- 
bustible building surface or any building opening. Asphalt (tar) 
kettles shall be located within a controlled area identified by 
the use of traffic cones, barriers or other approved means. 
Asphalt (tar) kettles and pots shall not be utiUzed inside or on 
the roof of a building or structure. Roofing kettles and operat- 
ing asphalt (tar) kettles shall not block means of egress, gates, 
roadways or entrances. 

(3) 303.3 Location of fuel containers. Fuel containers shall be 
located at least 10 feet (3048 mm) from the burner. 

Exception: Containers properly insulated from heat or 
flame are allowed to be within 2 feet (610 mm) of the burner. 

(4) 303.4 Attendant. An operating kettle shall be attended by a 
minimum of one employee knowledgeable of the operations 
and hazards. The employee shall be within 100 feet (30 480 
mm) of the kettle and have the kettle within sight. Ladders or 
similar obstacles shall not form a part of the route between the 
attendant and the kettle. 

(5) 303.5 Fire extinguishers. There shall be a portable fire 
extinguisher complying with paragraph (F)(906) of rule 
1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code and with a minimum 
40-B:C rating within 25 feet (7620 mm) of each asphalt (tar) 
kettle during the period such kettle is being utilized. Addition- 
ally, there shall be one portable fire extinguisher with a mini- 
mum 3-A:40-B:C rating on tlie roof being covered. 

(6) 303.6 Lids. Asphalt (tar) kettles shall be equipped with 
tight-fitting lids. 

(7) 303.7 Hi-boys. Hi-boys shall be constructed of 
noncombustible materials. Hi-boys shall be limited to a capac- 
ity of 55 gallons (208 L). Fuel sources or heating elements shall 
not be allowed as part of a hi-boy. 

(8) 303.8 Roofing kettles. Roofing kettles shall be constructed 
of noncombustible materials. 

(9) 303.9 Fuel containers under air pressure. Fuel containers 
that operate under air pressure shall not exceed 20 gallons (76 
L) in capacity and shall be approved. 



(D) SECTION 304 
COMBUSTIBLE WASTE MATERIAL 

(1) 304.1 Waste accumulation prohibited. Combustible 
waste material creating a fire hazard shall not be allowed to 
accumulate in buildings or structures or upon premises. 

(a) 304.1.1 Waste material. Accumulations of wastepaper, 
wood, hay, straw, weeds, litter or combustible or flammable 
waste or rubbish of any type shall not be permitted to remain 
on a roof or in any court, yard, vacant lot, alley, parking lot, 
open space, or beneath a grandstand, bleacher, pier, wharf, 
manufactured home, recreational vehicle or other similar 
structure. 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



45 



GENERAL PRECAUTIONS AGAINST FIRE 



(b) 304.1.2 Vegetation. Weeds, grass, vines or other growth 
that is capable of being ignited and endangering property, 
shall be cut down and removed by the owner or occupant of 
the premises. Vegetation clearance requirements in 
urban-wildlife interface areas shall be in accordance with 
the International Urban/Wildlife Interface Code as listed in 
rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

(c) 304.1.3 Space underneath seats. Spaces underneath 
grandstand and bleacher seats shall be kept free from com- 
bustible and flammable materials. Except where enclosed in 
not less than 1-hour fire-resistance-rated construction in 
accordance with the building code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code, spaces underneath 
grandstand and bleacher seats shall not be occupied or uti- 
lized for purposes other than means of egress. 

(2) 304.2 Storage. Storage of combustible rubbish shall not 
produce conditions that will create a nuisance or a hazard to the 
public health, safety or welfare. 

(3) 304.3 Containers. Combustible rubbish, and waste mate- 
rial kept within a structure shall be stored in accordance with 
paragraphs (D)(3)(a}(304.3J) to (D)(3)(c)(304.3.3) of this 
rule. 

(a) 304.3.1 Spontaneous ignition. Materials susceptible to 
spontaneous ignition, such as oily rags, shall be stored in a 
listed disposal container. Contents of such containers shall 
be removed and disposed of daily. 

(b) 304.3.2 Capacity exceeding 5.33 cubic feet. Contain- 
ers with a capacity exceeding 5.33 cubic feet (40 gallons) 
(0.15 m^) shall be provided with lids. Containers and lids 
shall be constructed of noncombustible materials or 
approved combustible materials. 

(c) 304.3.3 Capacity exceeding 1.5 cubic yards. Dump- 
sters and containers with an individual capacity of 1 .5 cubic 
yards (40.5 cubic feet) (1.15 m^) or more shall not be stored 
in buildings or placed within 5 feet ( 1 524 mm) of combusti- 
ble walls, openings or combustible roof eave lines. 

Exceptions: 

1. Dumpsters or containers in areas protected by an 
approved automatic sprinkler system installed 
throughout in accordance with paragraph 
(C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1}, (C)(3}(a)(ii)(903.3.1.2) or 
(C)(3)(a)(iii)(903.3.L3) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the 
Administrative Code. 

2. Storage in a structure shall not be prohibited where 
the structure is of Type I or Type IIA construction, 
located not less than 10 feet (3048 mm) from other 
buildings and used exclusively for dumpster or con- 
tainer storage. 



(E) SECTION 305 
IGNITION SOURCES 

(1) 305.1 Clearance from ignition sources. Clearance 
I between ignition sources, such as luminaires, heaters, 
flame-producing devices, and combustible materials shall be 
maintained in an approved manner. 



(2) 305.2 Hot ashes and spontaneous ignition sources. Hot 

ashes, cinders, smoldering coals or greasy or oily materials 
subject to spontaneous ignition shall not be deposited in a com- 
bustible receptacle, within 10 feet (3048 mm) of other combus- 
tible material including combustible walls and partitions or 
within 2 feet (610 nmi) of openings to buildings. 

Exception: The minimum required separation distance to 
other combustible materials shall be 2 feet (610 mm) where 
the material is deposited in a covered, noncombustible 
receptacle placed on a noncombustible floor, ground sur- 
face or stand. 

(3) 305.3 Open-flame warning devices. Open-flame warning 
devices shall not be used along an excavation, road, or any 
place where the dislodgment of such device might permit the 
device to roll, fall or slide on to any area or land containing 
combustible material. 

(4) 305.4 Deliberate or negligent burning. It shall be unlaw- 
ful to deliberately or through negligence set fire to or cause the 
burning of combustible material in such a manner as to endan- 
ger the safety of persons or property. 



(F) SECTION 306 
MOTION PICTURE FILM AND SCREENS 

(1) 306.1 Motion picture projection rooms. Electric arc, 
xenon or other light source projection equipment which devel- 
ops hazardous gases, dust or radiation and the projection of rib- 
bon-type cellulose nitrate film, regardless of the light source 
used in projection, shall be operated within a motion picture 
projection room complying with Section 409 of the building 
code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

(2) 306.2 Cellulose nitrate film storage. Storage of cellulose 
nitrate film shall be in accordance with NFPA 40 as listed in 
rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 



(G) SECTION 307 
OPEN BURNING AND RECREATIONAL FIRES 

(1) 307.1 General. A person shall not kindle or maintain or 
authorize to be kindled or maintained any open burning unless 
conducted and approved in accordance with this paragraph. 

(a) 307.1.1 Prohibited open burning. Open burning that is 
offensive or objectionable because of smoke or odor emis- 
sions or when atmospheric conditions or local circum- 
stances make such fires hazardous shall be prohibited. 

(2) 307.2 Permit required. A permit shall be obtained from the 
fu:e code official in accordance with rule 1301:7-7-01 of the 
Administrative Code prior to kindling a fire for recognized 
silvicultural or range or wildlife management practices, pre- 
vention or control of disease or pests, or a bonfire. Application 
for such approval shall only be presented by and permits issued 
to the owner of the land upon which the fire is to be kindled. 

(a) 307.2.1 Authorization. Where required by state or local 
law or regulations, open burning shall only be permitted 
with prior approval from the state or local air and water 
quality management authority, provided that all conditions 
specified in the authorization are followed. 



46 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



GENERAL PRECAUTIONS AGAINST FIRE 



(3) 307.3 Extinguishment authority. The fire code official is 
authorized to order the extinguishment by the permit holder, 
another person responsible or the fire department of open burn- 
ing that creates or adds to a hazardous or objectionable situa- 
tion. 

I (4) 307.4 Location. The location for open burning shall not be 
less than 50 feet (15 240 mm) from any structure, and provi- 
sions shall be made to prevent the fire from spreading to within 
50 feet (15 240 mm) of any structure. 

Exceptions: 

1. Fires in approved containers that are not less than 15 
feet (4572 mm) from a structure. 

2. The minimum required distance fi"om a structure shall 
be 25 feet (7620 mm) where the pile size is 3 feet (914 
mm) or less in diameter and 2 feet (610 mm) or less in 
height. 

I (a) 307.4.1 Bonfires. A bonfire shall not be conducted 
within 50 feet (15 240 mm) of a structure or combustible 
material unless the fire is contained in a barbecue pit. Condi- 
tions which could cause a fire to spread within 50 feet (15 
240 mm) of a structure shall be eliminated prior to ignition. 

I (b) 307.4.2 Recreational fires. Recreational fires shall not 
be conducted within 25 feet (7620 mm) of a structure or 
combustible material. Conditions which could cause a fire 
to spread within 25 feet (7620 mm) of a structure shall be 
eliminated prior to ignition. 

I (5) 307.5 Attendance. Open burning, bonfires or recreational 
fires shall be constantly attended until the fire is extinguished. 
A minimum of one portable fire extinguisher complying with 
paragraph (F)(906) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative 
Code with a minimum 4-A rating or other approved on-site 
fire-extinguishing equipment, such as dirt, sand, water barrel, 
garden hose or water truck, shall be available for immediate 
utilization. 



(H) SECTION 308 
OPEN FLAMES 

(1) 308.1 General. Tins paragraph shall control open flames, 
fire and burning on all premises. 

(2) 308.2 Where prohibited. A person shall not take or utilize 
an open flame or light in a structure, vessel, boat or other place 
where highly flanmiable, combustible or explosive material is 
utilized or stored. Lighting appliances shall be well-secured in 
a glass globe and wire mesh cage or a similar approved device. 

(a) 308.2.1 Throwing or placing sources of ignition. No 

person shall throw or place, or cause to be thrown or placed, 
a lighted match, cigar, cigarette, matches, or other flaming 
or glowing substance or object on any surface or article 
where it can cause an unwanted fire. 

(3) 308.3 Open flame. A person shall not utilize or allow to be 
utilized, an open flame in connection with a public meeting or 
gathering for purposes of deliberation, worship, entertainment, 
amusement, instruction, education, recreation, awaiting trans- 

I portation or similar purpose in Group A or E occupancies with- 



out first obtaining a permit in accordance with rule 
1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code. 

(a) 308.3.1 Open-flame cooking devices. Charcoal burners 
and other open-flame cooking devices shall not be operated 
on combustible balconies or within 10 feet (3048 mm) of 
combustible construction. 

Exceptions: 

1. One- and two-family dwellings. 

2. Where buildings, balconies and decks are pro- 
tected by an automatic sprinkler system. 

3. Where approved by the fire code official, charcoal 
burners are allowed to be operated on combusti- 
ble balconies or within 10 feet (3048 mm) of com- 
bustible construction where all of the following 
conditions are met: 

3.1. The charcoal burners are attended by an 
adult at all times when in operation. 

3.2. Portable fire extinguishers in the type, 
quantity and size as approved by the fire 
code official are present on the combusti- 
ble balconies or at the cooking site located 
within 10 feet of combustible construction. 
Such portable fire extinguishers shall be in 
an operable condition at all times and 
maintained in accordance with NFPA 10 
as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Admin- 
istrative Code. 

3.3. All non- structural combustible material 
must be removed from the combustible bal- 
conies or at the cooking site located within 
10 feet of combustible construction. 

(i) 308.3.1.1 Liquefied-petroleum-gas-fueled cooking 
devices. LP-gas burners having an LP-gas container with 
a water capacity greater than 2,5 pounds [nominal 1 
pound (0.454 kg) LP-gas capacity] shall not be located 
on combustible balconies or within 10 feet (3048 mm) of 
combustible construction. 

Exception: One- and two-family dwellings. 

(b) 308.3.2 Open-flame decorative devices. Open-flame 
decorative devices shall comply with all of the following 
restrictions: 

(i) Class I and Class n Uquids and LP-gas shall not be 
used. 

(ii) Liquid- or solid-fueled lighting devices containing 
more than 8 ounces (237 ml) of fuel must 
self-extinguish and not leak fuel at a rate of more 
than 0.25 teaspoon per minute (1.26 ml per min- 
ute) if tipped over. 

(Hi) The device or holder shall be constructed to pre- 
vent the spillage of liquid fuel or wax at the rate of 
more than 0.25 teaspoon per minute (1.26 ml per 
minute) when the device or holder is not in an 
upright position. 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



47 



GENERAL PRECAUTIONS AGAINST FIRE 



(iv) The device or holder shall be designed so that it 
will return to the upright position after being tilted 
to an angle of 45 degrees from vertical. 

Exception: Devices that self-extinguish if 
tipped over and do not spill fuel or wax at the 
rate of more than 0.25 teaspoon per minute 
(1.26 ml per minute) if tipped over. 

(v) The flame shall be enclosed except where open- 
ings on the side are not more than 0.375 inch (9.5 
mm) diameter or where openings are on the top 
and the distance to the top is such that a piece of tis- 
sue paper placed on the top will not ignite in 10 
seconds. 

(vi) Chimneys shall be made of noncombustible mate- 
rials and securely attached to the open-flame 
device. 

Exception: A chimney is not required to be 
attached to any open-flame device that will 
self-extinguish if the device is tipped over. 

(vii) Fuel canisters shall be safely sealed for storage. 

(viii) Storage and handling of combustible liquids shall 
be in accordance with rule 1301:7-7-34 of the 
Administrative Code. 

(ix) Shades, where used, shall be made of 
noncombustible materials and securely attached to 
the open-flame device holder or chimney. 

(x) Candelabras with flame-lighted candles shall be 
securely fastened in place to prevent overturning, 
and shall be located away from occupants using 
the area and away from possible contact with 
drapes, curtains or other combustibles. 

(c) 308.3.3 Location near combustibles. Open flames such 
as from candles, lanterns, kerosene heaters, and gas-fired 
heaters shall not be located on or near decorative material or 
similar combustible materials. 

(d) 308.3.4 Aisles and exits. Candles shall be prohibited in 
areas where occupants stand, or in an aisle or exit, 

(e) 308.3.5 Religious ceremonies. When, in the opinion of 
the fire code official, adequate safeguards have been taken, 
participants in religious ceremonies are allowed to carry 
hand-held candles. Hand-held candles shall not be passed 
from one person to another while lighted. 

(f) 308.3.6 Theatrical performances. Where approved in 
accordance with the permit requirements of rule 
1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code, open-flame 
devices used in conjunction with theatrical performances 
are allowed to be used when adequate safety precautions 
have been taken in accordance with NFPA 160 as listed in 
rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

(g) 308.3.7 Group A occupancies. Open-flame devices 
shall not be used in a Group A occupancy. 

Exceptions: 

1 . Open-flame devices are allowed to be used in the 
following situations, provided approved precau- 



tions are taken to prevent ignition of a combustible 
material or injury to occupants: 

1.1. Where necessary for ceremonial or reli- 
gious purposes in accordance with para- 
graph (H)(3)(e)(308.3.5) of this rule. 

1 .2. On stages and platforms as a necessary part 
of a performance in accordance with para- 
graph (H)(3)(f)(308.3.6) of this rule. 

1.3. Where candles on tables are securely sup- 
ported on substantial noncombustible 
bases and the candle flames are protected. 

2. Heat-producing equipment complying with rule 
1301:7-7-06 of the Administrative Code and the 
mechanical code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of 
the Administrative Code. 

3. Gas lights are allowed to be used provided ade- 
quate precautions satisfactory to the fire code offi- 
cial are taken to prevent ignition of combustible 
materials. 

(h) 308.3.8 Group R-2 dormitories. Candles, incense and 
similar open-flame-producing items shall not be allowed in 
sleeping units in Group R-2 dormitory occupancies. 

(4) 308.4 Torches for removing paint. Persons utilizing a 
torch or other flame-producing device for removing paint from 
a structure shall provide a minimum of one portable fire extin- 
guisher complying with paragraph (F)(906) of rule 
1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code and with a minimum 
4-A rating, two portable fire extinguishers, each with a mini- 
mum 2-A rating, or a water hose connected to the water supply 
on the premises where such burning is done. The person doing 
the burning shall remain on the premises 1 hour after the torch 
or flame-producing device is utilized. 

(a) 308.4.1 Permit. A permit in accordance with rule 
1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code shall be secured 
from the fire code official prior to the utiUzation of a torch or 
flame-producing device to remove paint from a structure. 

(5) 308.5 Open-flame devices. Torches and other devices, 
machines or processes liable to start or cause fire shall not be 
operated or used in or upon hazardous fire areas, except by a 
permit in accordance with rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administra- 
tive Code secured from the fire code official. 

Exception: Use within inhabited premises or designated 
campsites which are a minimum of 30 feet (9 144 mm) from 
grass-, grain-, brush- or forest-covered areas. 

(a) 308.5.1 Signals and markers. Flame-employing 
devices, such as lanterns or kerosene road flares, shall not be 
operated or used as a signal or marker in or upon hazardous 
fire areas. 

Exception: The proper use of fiisees at the scenes of 
emergencies or as required by standard railroad operat- 
ing procedures. 

(b) 308.5.2 Portable fueled open-flame devices. Portable 
open-flame devices fueled by flammable or combustible 
gases or liquids shall be enclosed or installed in such a man- 



48 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



GENERAL PRECAUTIONS AGAINST FIRE 



ner as to prevent the flame from contacting combustible 
material. 

Exceptions: 

1. LP-gas-fueled devices used for sweating pipe 
joints or removing paint in accordance with rule 
1301:7-7-38 of the Administrative Code. 

2. Cutting and welding operations in accordance 
with rule 1301:7-7-26 of the Administrative Code. 

3. Torches or flame-producing devices in accordance 
with paragraph (H)(4)(308.4) of this rule. 

4. Candles and open-flame decorative devices in 
accordance with paragraph (H)(3)(308.3) of this 
rule. 

(6) 308.6 Flaming food and beverage preparation. The prep- 
aration of flaming foods or beverages in places of assembly and 
drinking or dining establishments shall be in accordance with 
paragraphs (H)(6)(a)(308.6.1) to (H)(6)(e)(308.6.5) of this 
rule. 

(a) 308.6.1 Dispensing. Flammable or combustible liquids 
used in the preparation of flaming foods or beverages shall 
be dispensed from one of the following: 

(i) A 1 -ounce (29.6 ml) container or 

(ii) A container not exceeding 1 -quart (946.5 ml) capac- 
ity with a controlled-pouring device that will limit 
the flow to a 1 -ounce (29.6 ml) serving. 

(b) 308.6.2 Containers not in use. Containers shall be 
secured to prevent spillage when not in use. 

(c) 308.6.3 Serving of flaming food. The serving of flam- 
ing foods or beverages shall be done in a safe manner and 
shall not create high flames. The pouring, ladling or spoon- 
ing of liquids is restricted to a maximum height of 8 inches 
(203 mm) above the receiving receptacle. 

(d) 308.6.4 Location. Flaming foods or beverages shall be 
prepared only in the immediate vicinity of the table being 
serviced. They shall not be transported or carried while 
burning. 

(e) 308.6.5 Fire protection. The person preparing the flam- 
ing foods or beverages shall have a wet cloth towel immedi- 
ately available for use in smothering the flames in the event 
of an emergency. 



(I) SECTION 309 
POWERED INDUSTRIAL TRUCKS 

(1) 309.1 General. Powered industrial trucks and similar 
equipment including, but not limited to, floor scrubbers and 
floor buffers, shall be operated and maintained in accordance 
with this paragraph. 

(2) 309.2 Battery chargers. Battery chargers shall be of an 
approved type. Combustible storage shall be kept a minimum 
of 3 feet (915 mm) from battery chargers. Battery charging 
shall not be conducted in areas accessible to the public. 



(3) 309.3 Ventilation. Ventilation shall be provided in an 
approved manner in battery-charging areas to prevent a dan- 
gerous accumulation of flammable gases. 

(4) 309.4 Fire extinguishers. Battery-charging areas shall be 
provided with a fire extinguisher complying with paragraph 
(F)(906) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code hav- 
ing a minimum 4-A:20-B :C rating within 20 feet (6096 nmi) of 
the battery charger. 

(5) 309.5 Refueling. Powered industrial trucks using liquid 
fuel, LP-gas or hydrogen shall be refueled outside of buildings 
or in areas specifically approved for that purpose. Fixed 
fuel-dispensing equipment and associated fueling operations 
shall be in accordance with rule 1301:7-7-22 of the Adminis- 
trative Code. Other fuel-dispensing equipment and operations, 
including cylinder exchange for LP-gas-fueled vehicles, shall 
be in accordance with rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative 
Code for flammable and combustible liquids or rule 
1301:7-7-38 of the Administrative Code for LP-gas. 

(6) 309.6 Repairs. Repairs to fuel systems, electrical systems 
and repairs utilizing open flame or welding shaU be done in 
approved locations outside of buildings or in areas specifically 
approved for that purpose. 



(J) SECTION 310 
SMOKING 

(1) 310.1 General. The smoking or carrying of a lighted pipe, 
cigar, cigarette or any other type of smoking paraphernalia or 
material is prohibited in the areas indicated in iY)!^ paragraph. 

(2) 310.2 Prohibited areas. Smoking shall be prohibited 
where conditions are such as to make smoking a hazard, and in 
spaces where flanmiable or combustible materials are stored or 
handled. 

(3) 310.3 "No Smoking" signs. The fire code official is autho- 
rized to order the posting of "No Smoking" signs in a conspicu- 
ous location in each structure or location in which smoking is 
prohibited. The content, lettering, size, color and location of 
required "No Smoking" signs shall be approved. 

(4) 310.4 Removal of signs prohibited. A posted "No Smok- 
ing" sign shall not be obscured, removed, defaced, mutilated or 
destroyed. 

(5) 310.5 Compliance with "No Smoking'' signs. Smoking 
shall not be permitted nor shall a person smoke, throw or 
deposit any lighted or smoldering substance in any place where 
"No Smoking" signs are posted. 

(6) 310.6 Ash trays. Where smoking is permitted, suitable 
noncombustible ash trays or match receivers shall be provided 
on each table and at other appropriate locations. 

(7) 310.7 Burning objects. Lighted matches, cigarettes, cigars 
or other burning objects shall not be discarded in such a maimer 
that could cause ignition of other combustible material. 

(8) 310.8 Hazardous environmental conditions. When the 
fire code official determines that hazardous environmental 
conditions necessitate controlled use of smoking materials, the 
ignition or use of such materials in mountainous, brush-cov- 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



49 



GENERAL PRECAUTIONS AGAINST FIRE 



ered or forest-covered areas or other designated areas is prohib- 
ited except in approved designated smoking areas. 



(K) SECTION 311 
VACANT PREMISES 

(1) 311.1 General. Temporarily unoccupied buildings, struc- 
tures, premises or portions thereof, including tenant spaces, 
shall be safeguarded and maintained in accordance with this 
paragraph. 

(a) 311.1.1 Abandoned premises. Buildings, structures 
and premises for which an owner cannot be identified or 
located by dispatch of a certificate of mailing to the last 
known or registered address, which persistently or repeat- 
edly become unprotected or unsecured, which have been 
occupied by unauthorized persons or for illegal purposes, or 
which present a danger of structural collapse or fire spread 
to adjacent properties shall be considered abandoned, 
declared unsafe and abated by demolition or rehabilitation 
in accordance with the International Property Maintenance 
Code and the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of 
the Administrative Code. 

(b) 311.1.2 Tenant spaces. Storage and lease plans required 
by this code shall be revised and updated to reflect tempo- 
rary or partial vacancies. 

(2) 311.2 Safeguarding vacant premises. Temporarily unoc- 
cupied buildings, structures, premises or portions thereof shall 
be secured and protected in accordance with this paragraph. 

(a) 311.2.1 Security. Exterior openings and interior open- 
ings accessible to other tenants or unauthorized persons 
shall be boarded, locked, blocked or otherwise protected to 
prevent entry by unauthorized individuals. 

(b) 311.2.2 Fire protection. Fire alarm, sprinkler and 
standpipe systems shall be maintained in an operable condi- 
tion at all times. 

Exceptions: 

1. When the premises have been cleared of all com- 
bustible materials and debris and, in the opinion of 
the fire code official, the type of construction, fire 
separation distance and security of the premises do 
not create a fire hazard. 

2. Where buildings will not be heated and fire protec- 
tion systems will be exposed to freezing tempera- 
tures, fire alarm and sprinkler systems are 
permitted to be placed out of service and 
standpipes are permitted to be maintained as dry 
systems (without an automatic water supply) pro- 
vided the building has no contents or storage, and 
windows, doors and other openings are secured to 
prohibit entry by unauthorized persons. 

(c) 311.2.3 Fire separation. Fire-resistance-rated parti- 
tions, fire barriers, and fire walls separating vacant tenant 
spaces from the remainder of the building shall be main- 
tained. Openings, joints, and penetrations in fire-resis- 
tance-rated assemblies shall be protected in accordance 
with rule 1301:7-7-07 of the Administrative Code. 



(3) 311.3 Removal of combustibles. Persons owning, or in 
charge or control of, a vacant building or portion tliereof , shall 
remove therefrom all accumulations of combustible materials, 
flammable or combustible waste or rubbish and shall securely 
lock or otherwise secure doors, windows and other openings to 
prevent entry by unauthorized persons. The premises shall be 
maintained clear of waste or hazardous materials. 

Exceptions: 

1 . Buildings or portions of buildings undergoing addi- 
tions, alterations, repairs, or change of occupancy in 
accordance with the building code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code, where waste 
is controlled and removed as required by paragraph 
(D)(304) of this rule. 

2. Seasonally occupied buildings. 

(4) 311.4 Removal of hazardous materials. Persons owning 
or having charge or control of a vacant building containing haz- 
ardous materials regulated by rule 1 301 : 7- 7-2 7 of the Adminis- 
trative Code shall comply with the facility closure 
requirements of paragraph (A)(6)(2701.6) of rule 1301:7-7-27 
of the Administrative Code. 

(5) 311.5 Placards. Any building or structure determined to be 
unsafe pursuant to paragraph (J)(110) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of 
the Administrative Code shall be marked as required by para- 
graphs (K)(5)(a)(311.5.1) to (K)(5)(e)(311.5.5) of this rule. 

(a) 311.5.1 Placard location. Placards shall be applied on 
the front of the structure and be visible from the street. Addi- 
tional placards shall be applied to the side of each entrance 
to the structure and on penthouses. 

(b) 311.5.2 Placard size and color. Placards shall be 24 
inches by 24 inches (610 mm by 610 mm) in size with a red 
background, white reflective stripes and a white reflective 
border. The stripes and border shall have a 2-inch (5 1 mm) 
stroke. 

(c) 311.5.3 Placard date. Placards shall bear the date of 
their apphcation to the building and the date of the most 
recent inspection. 

(d) 311.5.4 Placard symbols. The design of the placards 
shall use the following symbols: 

(i) Q This symbol shall mean that the structure had nor- 
mal structural conditions at the time of marking. 

(ii)^ This symbol shall mean that structural or interior 
hazards exist and interior fire-fighting or rescue 
operations should be conducted with extreme cau- 
tion. 

(iii)^ This symbol shall mean that structural or interior 
hazards exist to a degree that consideration should 
be given to limit fire fighting to exterior operations 
only, with entry only occurring for known life haz- 
ards. 

(e) 311.5.5 Informational use. The use of these symbols 
shall be informational only and shall not in any way limit the 
discretion of the on-scene incident commander. 



50 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



GENERAL PRECAUTIONS AGAINST FIRE 



(L) SECTION 312 
VEHICLE IMPACT PROTECTION 

(1) 312.1 General. Vehicle impact protection required by this 
code shall be provided by posts that comply with paragraph 
(L)(2)(312.2) of this rule or by other approved physical barriers 
that comply v/ith paragraph (L)(3)(312.3) of this rule. 

(2) 312.2 Posts. Guard posts shall comply with all of the fol- 
lowing requirements: 

(a) Constructed of steel not less than 4 inches ( 1 02 mm) in 
diameter and concrete filled. 

(b) Spaced not more than 4 feet (1219 nmi) between posts 
on center. 

(c) Set not less than 3 feet (914 mm) deep in a concrete 
footing of not less than a 15-inch (381 nmi) diameter. 

(d) Set with the top of the posts not less than 3 feet (914 
mm) above ground. 

(e) Located not less than 3 feet (914 mm) from the pro- 
tected object. 

(3) 312.3 Other barriers. Physical barriers shall be a mini- 
mum of 36 inches (914 mm) in height and shall resist a force of 
12,000 pounds (53 375 N) applied 36 inches (914 mm) above 
the adjacent ground surface. 



(M) SECTION 313 
FUELED EQUIPMENT 

(1) 313.1 Fueled equipment. Fueled equipment, including but 
not limited to motorcycles, mopeds, lawn-care equipment and 
portable cooking equipment, shall not be stored, operated or 
repaired within a building. 

Exceptions: 

1 . Buildings or rooms constructed for such use in accor- 
dance with the building code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

I I 2. Where allowed by paragraph (N)(314) of this rule. 

3. Storage of equipment utilized for maintenance pur- 
poses is allowed in approved locations when the 
aggregate fuel capacity of the stored equipment does 
not exceed 10 gallons (38 L) and the building is 
equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler sys- 
tem installed in accordance with paragraph 
(C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.I) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the 
Administrative Code. 

(a) 313.1.1 Removal. The fire code official is authorized to 
require removal of fueled equipment from locations where 
the presence of such equipment is determined by the fire 
code official to be hazardous. 

(2) 313.2 Group R occupancies. Vehicles powered by flam- 
mable Uquids, Class 11 combustible liquids, or compressed 
flammable gases shall not be stored within the hving space of 

I Group R buildings. 



(N) SECTION 314 
INDOOR DISPLAYS 

(1) 314.1 General. Indoor displays constructed within any 
occupancy shall comply with paragraphs (N)(2)(314.2) to 
(N)(4)(314.4) of this rule. 

(2) 314.2 Fixtures and displays. Fixtures and displays of 
goods for sale to the public shall be arranged so as to maintain 
free, immediate and unobstructed access to exits as required by 
rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code. 

(3) 314.3 Highly combustible goods. The display of highly 
combustible goods, including but not limited to flammable or 
combustible liquids, liquefied flammable gases, oxidizing 
materials, pyroxyhn plastics and agricultural goods in main 
exit access aisles, corridors, covered maUs, or within 5 feet 
(1524 mm) of entrances to exits and exterior exit doors is pro- 
hibited when a fire involving such goods would rapidly prevent 
or obstruct egress. 

(a) 314.3.1 Display of fireworks for retail sale. The display 
of fireworks for retail sale shall be in accordance with rule 
1301:7-7-33 of the Administrative Code. 

(4) 314.4 Vehicles. Liquid- or gas-fueled vehicles, boats or 
other motorcraft shall not be located indoors except as follows: 

(a) Batteries are disconnected. 

(b) Fuel in fuel tanks does not exceed one-quarter tank or 5 
gallons (19 L) (whichever is least). 

(c) Fuel tanks and fill openings are closed and sealed to 
prevent tampering. 

(d) Vehicles, boats or other motorcraft equipment are not 
fueled or defueled within the building. 



(O) SECTION 315 

MISCELLANEOUS COMBUSTIBLE 

MATERIALS STORAGE 

(1) 315.1 General. Storage, use and handling of miscellaneous 
combustible materials shall be in accordance with this para- 
graph. A permit shall be obtained in accordance with rule 
1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code. 

(2) 315.2 Storage in buildings. Storage of combustible mate- 
rials in buildings shall be orderly. Storage shall be separated 
from heaters or heating devices by distance or shielding so that 
ignition cannot occur. 

(a) 315.2.1 Ceiling clearance. Storage shall be maintained 
2 feet (610 mm) or more below the ceiling in nonsprinklered 
areas of buildings or a minimum of 18 inches (457 mm) 
below sprinkler head deflectors in sprinklered areas of 
buildings. 

(b) 315.2.2 Means of egress. Combustible materials shall 
not be stored in exits or exit enclosures. 

(c) 315.2.3 Equipment rooms. Combustible material shall 
not be stored in boiler rooms, mechanical rooms or electri- 
cal equipment rooms. 

(d) 315.2.4 Attic, under-floor and concealed spaces. 

Attic, under-floor and concealed spaces used for storage of 
combustible materials shall be protected on the storage side 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



51 



GENERAL PRECAUTIONS AGAINST FIRE 



as required for 1-hour fire-resistance-rated construction. 
Openings shall be protected by assemblies that are self-clos- 
ing and are of noncombustible construction or solid wood 
core not less than 1.75 inches (44.5 mm) in thickness. Stor- 
age shall not be placed on exposed joists. 

Exceptions: 

1. Areas protected by approved automatic sprinkler 
systems. 

2. Group R-3 and Group U occupancies. 

(3) 315.3 Outside storage. Outside storage of combustible 
materials shall not be located within 10 feet (3048 mm) of a 
property line. 

Exceptions: 

1. The separation distance is allowed to be reduced to 3 
feet (914 mm) for storage not exceeding 6 feet (1829 
mm) in height. 

2. The separation distance is allowed to be reduced 
when the fire code official determines that no hazard 
to the adjoining property exists. 

(a) 315.3.1 Storage beneath overhead projections from 
buildings. Combustible materials stored or displayed out- 
side of buildings that are protected by automatic sprinklers 
shall not be stored or displayed under nonsprinklered eaves, 
canopies or other projections or overhangs. 

(b) 315.3.2 Height. Storage in the open shall not exceed 20 
feet (6096 mm) in height. 



(P) SECTION 316 
LABORATORIES USING CHEMICALS 

(1) 316.1. The operation and maintenance of all laboratories 
shall be in accordance with the requirements ofNFPA 45 as 
listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 



Effective Date: July 1, 2007 

Prior Effective Dates: 7/1/79; 6/1/85; 6/15/92; 7/1/93; 
11/27/93; 9/1/95; 1/9/98; 1/3/00; 9/1/05 



52 2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



OHIO ADMINISTRATIVE CODE 1301:7-7-04 

EMERGENCY PLANNING AND PREPAREDNESS 



(A) SECTION 401 
GENERAL 

(1) 401.1 Scope. Reporting of emergencies, coordination with 
emergency response forces, emergency plans, and procedures 
for managing or responding to emergencies shall comply with 
the provisions of this paragraph. 

Exception: Firms that have approved on-premises 
fire-fighting organizations and that are in compUance with 
approved procedures for fire reporting. 

(2) 401.2 Approval. Where required by this code, fire safety 
plans, emergency procedures, and employee training programs 
shall be approved by the fire code official. 

(3) 401.3 Emergency forces notification. In the event an 
unwanted fire occurs on a property, the owner or occupant shall 
immediately report such condition to the fire department. 
Building employees and tenants shall implement the appropri- 
ate emergency plans and procedures. No person shall, by ver- 
bal or written directive, require any delay in the reporting of a 
fire to the fire department. 

(a) 401.3.1 Making false report. It shall be unlawful for a 
person to give, signal, or transmit a false alarm. 

(b) 401.3.2 Alarm activations. Upon activation of a fire 
alarm signal, employees or staff shall immediately notify 
the fire department. 

(c) 401.3.3 Emergency evacuation drills. Nothing in this 
paragraph shall prohibit the sounding of a fire alarm signal 
for the carrying out of an emergency evacuation drill in 
accordance with the provisions of paragraph (E)(405) of 
this rule. 

(4) 401.4 Interference with fire department operations. It 

shall be unlawful to interfere with, attempt to interfere with, 
conspire to interfere with, obstruct or restrict the mobihty of or 
block the path of travel of a fire department emergency vehicle 
in any way, or to interfere with, attempt to interfere with, con- 
spire to interfere with, obstruct or hamper any fire department 
operation. 

(5) 401.5 Security device. Any security device or system that 
emits any medium that could obscure a means of egress in any 
building, structure or premise shall be prohibited. 



(B) SECTION 402 
DEFINITIONS 

(1) 402.1 Definition. The following word and term shaU, for 
the purposes of this rule and as used elsewhere in this code, 
have the meaning shown herein. 

"Emergency evacuation drill.'* An exercise performed to 
train staff and occupants and to evaluate their efficiency and 
effectiveness in carrying out emergency evacuation proce- 
dures. 



(C) SECTION 403 
PUBLIC ASSEMBLAGES AND EVENTS 

(1) 403.1 Fire watch personnel. When, in the opinion of the 
fire code official, it is essential for public safety in a place of 
assembly or any other place where people congregate, because 
of the number of persons, or the nature of the performance, 
exhibition, display, contest or activity, the owner, agent or les- 
see shall provide one or more fire watch personnel, as required 
and approved, to remain on duty during the times such places 
are open to the public, or when such activity is being con- 
ducted. The fire watch personnel shall keep dihgent watch for 
fires, obstructions to means of egress and other hazards during 
the time such place is open to the pubUc or such activity is being 
conducted and take prompt measures for remediation of haz- 
ards, extinguishment of fires that occur and assist in the evacua- 
tion of the public from the structures. 

(a) 403.1.1 Duties. Fire watch personnel shall keep diligent 
watch for fires, obstructions to means of egress and other 
hazards during the time such place is open to the public or 
such activity is being conducted and take prompt measures 
for remediation of hazards, extinguishment of fires that 
occur and assist in the evacuation of the pubhc from the 
structures. 

(2) 403.2 Public safety plan. In other than Group A or E occu- 
pancies, where the fire code official determines that an indoor 
or outdoor gathering of persons has an adverse impact on pub- 
lic safety through diminished access to buildings, structures, 
fire hydrants and fire apparatus access roads or where such 
gatherings adversely affect public safety services of any kind, 
the fire code official shall have the authority to order the devel- 
opment of, or prescribe a plan for, the provision of an approved 
level of pubhc safety. 

(a) 403.2.1 Contents. The pubhc safety plan, where 
required by paragraph (C)(b)(403.2) of this rule, shall 
address such items as emergency vehicle ingress and egress, 
fire protection, emergency medical services, pubhc assem- 
bly areas and the directing of both attendees and vehicles 
(including the parking of vehicles), vendor and food con- 
cession distribution, and the need for the presence of law 
enforcement, and fire and emergency medical services per- 
sonnel at the event. 



(D) SECTION 404 
FIRE SAFETY AND EVACUATION PLANS 

(1) 404.1 General. Fire safety and evacuation plans shall com- 
ply with the requirements of this paragraph. 

(2) 404.2 Where required. An approved fire safety and evacu- 
ation plan shall be prepared and maintained for the following 
occupancies and buildings. 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



53 



EMERGENCY PLANNING AND PREPAREDNESS 



(a) Group A, other than Group A occupancies used exclu- 
sively for purposes of religious worship that have an 
occupant load less than 2,000. 

(b) Group B buildings having an occupant load of 500 or 
more persons or more than 100 persons above or below 
the lowest level of exit discharge. 

(c) Group E. 

(d) Group H. 

(e) Group I. 
(j) Group R-1. 

(g) Group R-2 college and university buildings. 

(h) Group R-4. 

(i) High-rise buildings. 

{]) Group M buildings having an occupant load of 500 or 
more persons or more than 100 persons above or below 
the lowest level of exit discharge. 

(k) Covered malls exceeding 50,000 square feet (4645 m^) 
in aggregate floor area. 

{1} Underground buildings. 

(m) Buildings with an atrium and having an occupancy in 
Group A, E or M. 

(3) 404.3 Contents. Fire safety and evacuation plan contents 
shall be in accordance with paragraphs (D)(3)(a}(404.3.1) and 
(D)(3)(b)(404J,2) of this rule. 

(a) 404.3,1 Fire evacuation plans. Fire evacuation plans 
shall include the following: 

(i) Emergency egress or escape routes and whether 
evacuation of the building is to be complete or, 
where approved, by selected floors or areas only. 

(ii) Procedures for employees who must remain to 
operate critical equipment before evacuating. 

(Hi) Procedures for accounting for employees and 
occupants after evacuation has been completed. 

(iv) Identification and assignment of personnel 
responsible for rescue or emergency medical aid. 

(v) The preferred and any alternative means of notify- 
ing occupants of a fire or emergency. 

(vi) The preferred and any alternative means of reporting 
fires and other emergencies to the fire department or 
designated emergency response organization, 

(vii) Identification and assignment of personnel who 
can be contacted for further information or expla- 
nation of duties under the plan. 

(viii) A description of the emergency voice/alarm com- 
munication system alert tone and preprogrammed 
voice messages, where provided. 

(b) 404.3.2 Fire safety plans. Fire safety plans shall include 
the following: 

(i) The procedure for reporting a fire or other emergency. 

(it) The life safety strategy and procedures for notify- 
ing, relocating, or evacuating occupants. 



(Hi) Site plans indicating the foUowing: 
(a)The occupancy assembly point. 
(b)'The locations of fire hydrants. 

fc) The normal routes of fire department vehicle 

access. 

(iv) Floor plans identifying the locations of the follow- 
ing: 

(a) Exits. 

(b) Primary evacuation routes. 

(c) Secondary evacuation routes. 

(d) Accessible egress routes. 

(e) Areas of refuge. 

(f) Manual fire alarm boxes. 

(g) Portable fire extinguishers. 
(h) Occupant-use hose stations, 

(i) Fire alarm annunciators and controls. 

(v) A list of major fire hazards associated with the nor- 
mal use and occupancy of the premises, including 
maintenance and housekeeping procedures. 

(vi) Identification and assignment of personnel respon- 
sible for maintenance of systems and equipment 
installed to prevent or control fires. 

(vii) Identification and assignment of personnel respon- 
sible for maintenance, housekeeping and control- 
ling fuel hazard sources. 

(4) 404.4 Maintenance. Fire safety and evacuation plans shall 
be reviewed or updated annually or as necessitated by changes 
in staff assignments, occupancy, or the physical arrangement of 
the building. 

(5) 404.5 Availability. Fire safety and evacuation plans shall be 
available in the workplace for reference and review by employ- 
ees, and copies shall be furnished to the fire code official for 
review upon request. 



(E) SECTION 405 
EMERGENCY EVACUATION DRILLS 

(1) 405.1 General. Emergency evacuation drills complying 
with the provisions of this paragraph shall be conducted at least 
annually in the occupancies Usted in paragraph (D)(2)(404.2) 
of this rule or when required by the fire code official. IMlls 
shall be designed in cooperation with the local authorities. 

(a) 405.1.1. A principal or person in charge of a public or 
private school or educational institution having an average 
daily attendance oftwenty or more pupils, shall instruct and 
train such children by means of drills or rapid dismissals at 
least nine times during the school year at the times and fre- 
quency prescribed in this rule, so that such children in a sud- 
den emergency may leave the building in the shortest 
possible time without confusion in compliance with Section 
3737.73 of the Revised Code and this rule. A person in 
charge of any children's home or orphanage housing twenty 
or more minor persons shall instruct and train such children 



I I 



< 






2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



EMERGENCY PLANNING AND PREPAREDNESS 



by means of drills or rapid dismissals at least once each 
month while the home is in operation. 

(i) 405.1.1.1 Records. While school is in operation, the 
person responsible for conducting fire drills pursuant to 
section 3737.73 of the Revised Code shall file a copy of 
the fire drill records containing the information required 
under paragraph (E)(5)(405.5) of this rule and other 
information required by the fire marshal for inspection 
verification with the fire marshal. When required by the 
fire code official, such fire drill records shall also be sub- 
mitted to the firefighting agency having jurisdiction that 
conducts inspections of the subject facility. Such fire drill 
records shall be submitted within the first three months 
and again during the last three months of a school's 
operation during each school year. 

(ii) 405.1.1.2 Intent to conduct inspections. All duly 
constituted fire departments of a political subdivision of 
I I this state that conduct inspections of schools, educa- 

tional institutions or children's homes subject to Section 
S737. 73 of the Revised Code shall annually file a written 
notice with the fire marshal of the department's intent to 
conduct such inspections. Such written notice shall iden- 
tify each school, educational institution or children's 
home specifically by name and address. 

(iii) 405.1.1.3 Jurisdiction. For the purpose of this para- 
graph, the fire agency having jurisdiction shall be the fire 
marshal or any such duly constituted fire department of a 
political subdivision having filed the written notice of intent 
to conduct inspections in accordance with this paragraph. 

(2) 405.2 Frequency. Required emergency evacuation drills 
shall be held at the intervals specified in Table 405.2 of this rule 
or more frequently where necessary to familiarize all occu- 
pants with the drill procedure. 

TABLE 405.2 

FIRE AND EVACUATION DRILL 

FREQUENCY AND PARTICIPATION 



GROUP OR 
OCCUPANCY 


FREQUENCY 


PARTICIPATION 


Group A 


Quarterly 


Employees 


Group B= 


Annually 


Employees 


Group E 


Monthly^ 


All occupants 


Group I 


Quarterly oii each shift 


Employees'' 


Group R-1 


Quarterly on each shift 


Employees 


Group R-2<^ 


Four annually 


All occupants 


Group R-4 


Quarterly on each shift 


Employees'' 


High-rise buildings 


Annually 


Employees 



a. The frequency shall be allowed to be modified in accordance with para- 
graph (H)(3Xb)(408. 3.2) of this rule. 

b. Fire and evacuation drills in residential care assisted living facilities shall 
include complete evacuation of the premises in accordance with paragraph 
(H)(I0)(e)i408.10.5) of this rule. Where occupants receive habiUtation or 
rehabilitation training, fire prevention and fire safety practices shall be 
included as part of the training program. 

c. Group B buildings having an occupant load of 500 or more persons or more 
tiian 100 persons above or below the lowest level of exit discharge. 

d. Applicable to Group R-2 college and university buildings in accordance 
with paragraph (H}(3)(408.3) of this rule. 



(3) 405.3 Leadership. Responsibility for the planning and 
conduct of drills shall be assigned to competent persons desig- 
nated to exercise leadership. 

(4) 405.4 Time. Drills shall be held at unexpected times and 
under varying conditions to simulate the unusual conditions 
that occur in case of fire. 

(5) 405.5 Record keeping. Records shall be maintained of 
required emergency evacuation drills and include the following 
information: 

(a) Identity of the person conducting the drill. 

(b) Date and time of the driU. 

(c) Notification method used. 

(d) Staff members on duty and participating. 

(e) Number of occupants evacuated. 

(f) Special conditions simulated. 

(g) Problems encountered. 

(h) Weather conditions when occupants were evacuated. 
(i) Time required to accompUsh complete evacuation. 

(6) 405.6 Notification. Where required by the fire code offi- 
cial, prior notification of emergency evacuation drills shall be 
given to the fire code official. 

(7) 405.7 Initiation. Where a fire alarm system is provided, 
emergency evacuation drills shall be initiated by activating the 
fire alarm system. 

(8) 405.8 Accountability. As building occupants arrive at the 
assembly point, efforts shall be made to determine if all occu- 
pants have been successfully evacuated or have been accounted 
for. 

(9) 405.9 RecaU and reentry. An electrically or mechanically 
operated signal used to recall occupants after an evacuation 
shall be separate and distinct from the signal used to initiate the 
evacuation. The recall signal initiation means shall be manu- 
ally operated and under the control of the person in charge of 
the premises or the official in charge of the incident. No one 
shall reenter the premises until authorized to do so by the offi- 
cial in charge. 



(F) SECTION 406 
EMPLOYEE TRAINING AND 
RESPONSE PROCEDURES 

(1) 406.1 General. Employees in the occupancies listed in 
paragraph (D)(2){404.2) of this rule shall be trained in the fire 
emergency procedures described in their fire evacuation and 
fire safety plans. Training shall be based on these plans and as 
described in paragraph (D}(3)(404.3) of this rule. 

(2) 406.2 Frequency. Employees shall receive training in the 
contents of fire safety and evacuation plans and their duties as 
par. of new employee orie„.a.io„ and at leas. annuaUy Aereaf- 
ter. Records shall be kept and made available to the fire code 
official upon request. 

(3) 406.3 Employee training program. Employees shall be 
trained in fire prevention, evacuation and fire safety in accor- 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



55 



EMERGENCY PLANNING AND PREPAREDNESS 



dance with paragraphs (F)(3)(a)(406.3.1 ) to 
(F)(3)(c)(406.3.3) of this rule. 

(a) 406.3.1 Fire prevention training. Employees shall be 
apprised of the fire hazards of the materials and processes to 
which they are exposed. Each employee shall be instructed 
in the proper procedures for preventing fires in the conduct 
of their assigned duties. 

(b) 406.3.2 Evacuation training. Employees shall be 
familiarized with the fire alarm and evacuation signals, their 
assigned duties in the event of an alarm or emergency, evac- 
uation routes, areas of refuge, exterior assembly areas, and 
procedures for evacuation. 

(c) 406.3.3 Fire safety training. Employees assigned 
fire-fighting duties shall be trained to know the locations 
and proper use of portable fire extinguishers or other man- 
ual fire-fighting equipment and the protective clothing or 
equipment required for its safe and proper use. 



(G) SECTION 407 
HAZARD COMMUNICATION 

(1) 407.1 General. The provisions of paragraphs 
(G)(2)(407.2) to (G)(7)(407.7) of this rule shall be applicable 
where hazardous materials subject to permits und&r paragraph 
(A)(5)(2701.5) of rule 1301 . -7-7-27 of the Administrative Code 
are located on the premises or where required by the fire code 
official. 

(2) 407.2 Material Safety Data Sheets. Material Safety Data 
Sheets (MSDS) for all hazardous materials shall be readily 
available on the premises. 

(3) 407.3 Identification. Individual containers of hazardous 
materials, cartons or packages shall be marked or labeled in 
accordance with applicable federal regulations. Buildings, 
rooms and spaces containing hazardous materials shall be 
identified by hazard warning signs in accordance with para- 
graph (C)(5)(2703.5) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administra- 
tive Code. 

(4) 407.4 Training. Persons responsible for the operation of 
areas in which hazardous materials are stored, dispensed, han- 
dled or used shall be familiar with the chemical nature of the 
materials and the appropriate mitigating actions necessary in 
the event of a fire, leak or spill. Responsible persons shall be 
designated and trained to be liaison personnel for the Fire 
Department. These persons shall aid die Fire Department in 
preplanning emergency responses and identification of the 
locations where hazardous materials are located, and shall have 
access to Material Safety Data Sheets and be knowledgeable in 
the site emergency response procedures. 

(5) 407.5 Hazardous materials inventory statement. Where 
required by the fire code official, each application for a permit 
shall include a Hazardous Materials Inventory Statement 
(HMIS) in accordance v/i\h paragraph (A)(5)(b)(2701.5.2) of 
rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code. 

(6) 407.6 Hazardous materials management plan. Where 
required by the fire code official, each appUcation for a permit 
shall include a Hazardous Materials Management Plan 
(HMMP) in accordance with paragraph (A)(5)(a)(2701.5.1) of 



rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code. The fire code 
official is authorized to accept a similar plan required by other 
regulations. 

(7) 407.7 Facility closure plans. The permit holder or appli- 
cant shall submit to the fire code official a facility closure plan 
in accordance with paragraph (A)(6)(c)(2701.6.3) of rule 
1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code to terminate storage, 
dispensing, handling or use of hazardous materials. 



(H) SECTION 408 
USE AND OCCUPANCY-RELATED REQUIREMENTS 

(1) 408.1 General. In addition to the other requirements of this 
rule, the provisions of this paragraph are applicable to specific 
occupancies listed herein. 

(2) 408.2 Group A occupancies. Group A occupancies shall 
comply with the requirements of paragraphs 
(H)(2)(a)(408.2.1) and (H)(2)(b)(408.2.2) of this rule and 
paragraphs (A)(401) to (F)(406) of this rule. 

(a) 408.2.1 Seating plan. The fire safety and evacuation 
plans for assembly occupancies shall include the informa- 
tion required by paragraph (D)(3)(404.3) of this rule and a 
detailed seating plan, occupant load, and occupant load 
limit. Deviations from the approved plans shall be allowed 
provided the occupant load limit for the occupancy is not 
exceeded and the aisles and exit accessways remain unob- 
structed. 

(b) 408.2.2 Announcements. In theaters, motion picture 
theaters, auditoriums and similar assembly occupancies in 
Group A used for noncontinuous programs, an audible 
announcement shall be made not more than 10 minutes prior 
to the start of each program to notify the occupants of the 
location of the exits to be used in the event of a fire or other 
emergency. 

Exception: In motion picture theaters, the announce- 
ment is allowed to be projected upon the screen in a man- 
ner approved by the fire code official. 

(3) 408.3 Group E occupancies and Group R-2 college and 
university buildings. Group E occupancies shall comply with 
the requirements of paragraphs (H)(3)(a)(408.3.1) to 
(H)(3)(d)(408.3.4) of this rule and paragraphs (A)(401) to 
(F)(406) of this rule. Group R-2 college and university build- 
ings shall comply with the requirements of paragraphs 
(H)(3)(a)(408.3.1) and (H)(3)(c)(408.3.3) of this rule and 
paragraphs (A)(401) to (F)(406) of this rule. 

(a) 408.3.1 First emergency evacuation drill. The first 
emergency evacuation drill of each school year shall be con- 
ducted within 10 days of the beginning of classes. 

(b) 408.3.2 Emergency evacuation drill frequency. | | 

Except as provided for in paragraph (E)(l)(a)(405.1.1) of 
this rule, in severe climates or during a month with inclem- 
ent weather, the fire code official shall have the authority to 
approve the adjustment of the emergency evacuation drill 
frequency specified mparagraph (E)(2)(405.2) of this rule. 

(c) 408.3.3 Time of day. Emergency evacuation drills shall 
be conducted at different hours of the day or evening, during 



56 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



EMERGENCY PLANNING AND PREPAREDNESS 



the changing of classes, when the school is at assembly, dur- 
ing the recess or gymnastic periods, or during other times to 
avoid distinction between drills and actual fires. In Group 
R-2 college and university buildings, one required drill shall 
be held during hours after sunset or before sunrise. 

(d) 408.3.4 Assembly points. Outdoor assembly areas shall 
be designated and shall be located a safe distance from the 
building being evacuated so as to avoid interference with 
fire department operations. The assembly areas shall be 
arranged to keep each class separate to provide accountabil- 
ity of all individuals. 

(4) 408.4 Group H-5 occupancies. Group H-5 occupancies 
shall comply with the requirements of paragraphs 
(H)(4)(a)(408.4.1) to (H)(4)(d)(408.4.4) of this rule and para- 
graphs (A)(401) to (G)(407) of this rule. 

(a) 408.4.1 Plans and diagrams. In addition to the require- 
ments of paragraph (D)(404) and paragraph (G)(6)(407.6) 
of this rule, plans and diagrams shall be maintained in 
approved locations indicating the approximate plan for each 
area, the amount and type of HPM stored, handled and used, 
locations of shutoff valves for HPM supply piping, emer- 
gency telephone locations and locations of exits. 

(b) 408.4.2 Plan updating. The plans and diagrams 
required by paragraph (H)(4)(a)(408.4.1) of this rule shall 
be maintained up to date and the fire code official and fire 
department shall be informed of all major changes. 

(c) 408.4.3 Emergency response team. Responsible per- 
sons shall be designated the on-site emergency response 
team and trained to be liaison personnel for the fire depart- 
ment. These persons shall aid the fire department in preplan- 
ning emergency responses, identifying locations where 
HPM is stored, handled and used, and be familiar with the 
chemical nature of such material. An adequate number of 
personnel for each work shift shall be designated. 

(d) 408.4.4 Emergency drills. Emergency drills of the 
on-site emergency response team shall be conducted on a 
regular basis but not less than once every three months. 
Records of drills conducted shall be maintained. 

(5) 408.5 Group I-l occupancies. Group I- 1 occupancies shall 
comply with the requirements of paragraphs 
(H)(5)(a)(408.5.1) to (H)(5)(e)(408.5.5) of this rule and para- 
graphs (A)(401) to (F)(406) of this rule. 

(a) 408.5.1 Fire safety and evacuation plan. The fire 
safety and evacuation plan required hy paragraph (D)(404) 
of this rule shall include special staff actions including fire 
protection procedures necessary for residents and shall be 
amended or revised upon admission of any resident with 
unusual needs. 

(b) 408.5.2 Staff training. Employees shall be periodically 
instructed and kept informed of their duties and responsibil- 
ities under the plan. Such instruction shall be reviewed by 
the staff at least every two months. A copy of the plan shall 
be readily available at all times within the facihty. 

(c) 408.5.3 Resident training. Residents capable of assist- 
ing in their own evacuation shall be trained in the proper 
actions to take in the event of a fire. The training shall 



include actions to take if the primary escape route is 
blocked. Where the resident is given rehabilitation or habili- 
tation training, training in fire prevention and actions to take 
in the event of a fire shall be a part of the rehabUitation train- 
ing program. Residents shall be trained to assist each other 
in case of fire to the extent their physical and mental abilities 
permit them to do so without additional personal risk. 

(d) 408.5.4 Drill frequency. Emergency evacuation drills 
shall be conducted at least six times per year, two times per 
year on each shift. Twelve drills shall be conducted in the 
first year of operation. Drills are not required to comply with 
the time requirements of paragraph (E)(4)(405.4) of this 
rule. 

(e) 408.5.5 Resident participation. Emergency evacuation 
drills shall involve the actual evacuation of residents to a 
selected assembly point. 

(6) 408.6 Group 1-2 occupancies. Group 1-2 occupancies shall 
comply with the requirements of paragraphs 
(H)(6)(a)(408.6.1) and (H)(6)(b)(408.6.2) of this rule and 
paragraphs (A)(401) to (F)(406) of this rule. Drills are not 
required to comply with the time requirements of paragraph 
(E)(4)(405.4) of this rule. 

(a) 408.6.1 Evacuation not required. During emergency 
evacuation drills, the movement of patients to safe areas or 
to the exterior of the building is not required. 

(b) 408.6.2 Coded alarm signal. When emergency evacua- 
tion drills are conducted after visiting hours or when 
patients or residents are expected to be asleep, a coded 
announcement is allowed instead of audible alarms. 

(7) 408.7 Group 1-3 occupancies. Group 1-3 occupancies shall 
comply with the requirements of paragraphs 
(H)(7)(a)(408.7.1) to (H)(7)(d)(408.7.4) of this rule and para- 
graphs (A)(401) to (F)(406) of this rule. 

(a) 408.7.1 Employee training. Employees shall be 
instructed in the proper use of portable fire extinguishers 
and other manual fire suppression equipment. Training of 
new staff shall be provided promptly upon entrance on duty. 
Refresher training shall be provided at least annually. 

(b) 408.7.2 Staffing. Group 1-3 occupancies shall be pro- 
vided with 24-hour staffing. Staff shall be within three 
floors or 300 feet (91 440 mm) horizontal distance of the 
access door of each resident housing area. In Use Condi- 
tions 3, 4 and 5, as defined in rule 1301:7-7-02 of the 
Administrative Code, the arrangement shall be such that the 
staff involved can start release of locks necessary for emer- 
gency evacuation or rescue and initiate other necessary 
emergency actions within 2 minutes of an alarm. 

Exception: Staff shall not be required to be within three 
floors or 300 feet (91 440 mm) in areas in which all locks 
are unlocked remotely and automatically in accordance 
with Section 408.4 of the building code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

(c) 408.7.3 Notification. Provisions shall be made for resi- 
dents in Use Conditions 3, 4 and 5, as defined in rule 
1301:7-7-02 of the Administrative Code, to readily notify 
staff of an emergency. 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



57 



EMERGENCY PLANNING AND PREPAREDNESS 



(d) 408.7.4 Keys. Keys necessary for unlocking doors 
installed in a means of egress shall be individually identifi- 
able by both touch and sight. 

(8) 408.8 Group R-1 occupancies. Group R-1 occupancies 
shall comply with the requirements of paragraphs 
(H)(8)(a)(408.8.1) to (H)(8)(c)(408.8.3) of this rule and para- 
graphs (A)(401) to (F)(406) of this rule. 

(a) 408.8.1 Evacuation diagrams. A diagram depicting 
two evacuation routes shall be posted on or immediately 
adjacent to every required egress door from each hotel, 

I motel or dormitory sleeping unit. 

(b) 408.8.2 Emergency duties. Upon discovery of a fire or 
suspected fire, hotel, motel and dormitory employees shall 
perform the following duties: 

(i) Activate the fire alarm system, where provided. 

(ii) Notify the public fire department. 

(iii) Take other action as previously instructed. 

(c) 408.8.3 Fire safety and evacuation instructions. Infor- 
mation shall be provided in the fire safety and evacuation 
plan required by paragraph (D)(404) of this rule to allow 
guests to decide whether to evacuate to the outside, evacuate 
to an area of refuge, remain in place, or any combination of 
the three. 

(9) 408.9 Group R-2 occupancies. Group R-2 occupancies 
I shall comply with the requirements of paragraphs 

(H)(9)(a)(408.9.1) to (H)(9)(c)(408.9.3) of this rule and para- 
graphs (A)(401) to (F)(406) of this rule. 

(a) 408.9.1 Emergency guide. A fire emergency guide shall 
be provided which describes the location, function and use 
of fire protection equipment and appliances accessible to 
residents, including fire alarm systems, smoke alarms, and 
portable fire extinguishers. The guide shall also include an 
emergency evacuation plan for each dwelling unit. 

(b) 408.9.2 Maintenance. Emergency guides shall be 
reviewed and approved in accordance with paragraph 
(A)(2)(401.2) of this rule. 

(c) 408.9.3 Distribution. A copy of the emergency guide 
shall be given to each tenant prior to initial occupancy. 

(10) 408.10 Group R-4 occupancies. Group R-4 occupancies 
shall comply with the requirements of paragraphs 
(H)(10)(a)(408.10.1) to (H)(10)(e)(408.10.5) of this rule and 
paragraphs (A)(401) to (F)(406) of this rule. 

(a) 408.10.1 Fire safety and evacuation plan. The fire 
safety and evacuation plan required by paragraph (D)(404) 
of this rule shall include special staff actions, including fire 
protection procedures necessary for residents, and shall be 
amended or revised upon admission of a resident with 
unusual needs. 

(b) 408.10.2 Staff training. Employees shall be periodi- 
cally instructed and kept informed of their duties and 
responsibilities under the plan. Such instruction shall be 
reviewed by the staff at least every two months. A copy of 
the plan shall be readily available at all times within the 
facility. 



(c) 408.10.3 Resident training. Residents capable of assist- 
ing in their own evacuation shall be trained in the proper 
actions to take in the event of a fire. The training shall 
include actions to take if the primary escape route is 
blocked. Where the resident is given rehabilitation or habili- 
tation training, training in fire prevention and actions to take 
in the event of a fire shall be a part of the rehabilitation train- 
ing program. Residents shall be trained to assist each other 
in case of fire to the extent their physical and mental abilities 
permit them to do so without additional personal risk. 

(d) 408.10.4 Drill frequency. Emergency evacuation drills 
shall be conducted at least six times per year, two times per 
year on each shift. Twelve drills shall be conducted in the 
first year of operation. Drills are not required to comply with 
the time requirements of paragraph (E)(4)(405.4) of this 
rule. 

(e) 408.10.5 Resident participation. Emergency evacua- 
tion drills shall involve the actual evacuation of residents to 
a selected assembly point and shall provide residents with 
experience in exiting through all required exits. All required 
exits shall be used during emergency evacuation drills. 

Exception: Actual exiting from windows shall not be 
required. Opening the window and signaling for help 
shall be an acceptable alternative. 

(11) 408.11 Covered mall buildings. Covered mall buildings 
shall comply with the provisions of paragraphs 
(H)(ll)(a)(408.11.1) to (H)(ll)(c)(408.11.3) of this rule. 

(a) 408.11.1 Lease plan. A lease plan shall be prepared for 
each covered mall building. The plan shall include the fol- 
lowing information in addition to that required by para- 
graph (D)(3)(b)(404.3.2) of this rule: 

1. Each occupancy, including identification of tenant. 

2. Exits from each tenant space. 

3. Fire protection features, including the following: 

3.1. Fire department connections. 

3.2. Fire conmiand center. 

3.3. Smoke management system controls. 

3.4. Elevators and elevator controls. 

3.5. Hose valves outlets. 

3.6. Sprinkler and standpipe control valves. 

3.7. Automatic fire-extinguishing system areas. 

3.8. Automatic fire detector zones. 

3.9. Fire barriers. 

(i) 408.11.1.1 Approval. The lease plan shall be submit- 
ted to the fire code official for approval, and shall be 
maintained on site for inwnediate reference by respond- 
ing fire service personnel. 

(ii) 408.11.1.2 Revisions. The lease plans shall be 
revised annually or as often as necessary to keep them 
current. Modifications or changes in tenants or occupan- 
cies shall not be made without prior approval of the fire 
code official and building official. 



58 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



EMERGENCY PLANNING AND PREPAREDNESS 



(b) 408.11.2 Tenant identification. Each occupied tenant 
space provided with a secondary exit to the exterior or exit 
corridor shall be provided with tenant identification by busi- 
ness name and/or address. Letters and numbers shall be 
posted on the corridor side of door, be plainly legible and 
shall contrast with their background. 

Exception: Tenant identification is not required for 
anchor stores. 

(c) 408.11.3 Maintenance. Unoccupied tenant spaces 
shall be: 

(i) Kept free from the storage of any materials. 

(ii) Separated from the remainder of the building by 
partitions of at least 0.5-inch-thick (12.7 mm) gyp- 
sum board or an approved equivalent to the under- 
side of the ceiling of the adjoining tenant spaces. 

(iii) Without doors or other access openings other than 
one door that shall be kept key locked in the closed 
position except during that time when opened for 
inspection. 

(iv) Kept free from combustible waste and be 
broom-swept clean. 



(I) SECTION 409 
TORNADO SHELTERS IN SCHOOLS 

(1) 409.1 Pursuant to Section 3737.73 of the Revised Code, 
principals or persons in charge of public or private primary 
and secondary schools or educational institutions having an 

I I average daily attendance of twenty or more pupils shall desig- 
nate appropriate locations in their respective facilities to be 
used to shelter pupils in case of a tornado, tornado alert, or tor- 
nado warning. The designation of such locations shall be in 
accordance with the standards prescribed by the fire marshal, 
as set forth herein. However, nothing in these rules shall be 
construed as requiring a school or institution to construct or 
improve a facility or area thereof for use as a tornado shelter, 
or to install a tornado alarm system. 

(2) 409.2 Specific safety requirement. 

(a) The fire alarm system shall not be used to alert building 
occupants of a tornado, tornado alert, or tornado 
warning. 

(b) The principal or person in charge of the school shall 
submit a clear, comprehensive, detailed, and legible 
drawing to the local fire official, showing the building 
floor plan(s) and designated tornado shelter area(s). 
Each room or area shown on the plan shall be clearly 
indicated as to its particular use. 

(c) The drawing required by paragraph (I)(2)(b)(409. 2) of 
this rule, shall be submitted to the local fire official for 
his information. A copy shall be maintained in the 
office of each school, for examination by the fire mar- 
shal or local fire official. 

(d) Tornado drills shall be conducted at least once a month 
whenever school is in session during the tornado season. 
For the purpose of this rule, "tornado season " is the 
period from the first day of April to the last day of July. A 



record of such drills shall be maintained in the office of 
each school for examination by the fire official. 

(e) The occupants of modular classroom facilities shall be 
moved out of such facilities and to the designated tor- 
nado shelter area(s) in the event of a tornado, tornado 
alert, or tornado warning. 

(f) Each local fire official conducting the annual inspec- 
tion of each school or institution shall be designated 
pursuant to division (C) of Section 3737.73 of the 
Revised Code to verify compliance with the tornado 
safety provisions of this rule. 

(3) 409.3 Standards for shelter designation. It is recom- 
mended that the designation of areas to be used as tornado 
shelters be in accordance with the following criteria: 

(a) Whenever possible, designate areas which are located 
below ground level, in the core of the building, in rooms 
or spaces with short ceiling spans, and on the leeward 
side. The farther the area is below ground level, the 
greater the protection. In any event, the area should be 
on the lowest floor, in the center of the building, and in 
a corridor or small room. 

(b) First aid kits and supplies should be in or close to the 
tornado shelter area(s). 

(c) Avoid walls of glass, windows, skylights, and areas 
containing trophy cases or other fixtures of glass. 

(d) Avoid load-bearing walls and exterior walls, espe- 
cially those on the windward side or facing the south, 
southwest, or west. 

(e) Avoid corridors which are not baffied with a wall or 
walls and that open to the south, southwest, or west. 

(f) Avoid an area with only one exit, unless overriding 
considerations should prevail. 

(g) Avoid rooms or areas which are locked, since they may 
not be readily accessible during an emergency. 

(h) Avoid, absolutely, chimneys and the use of cars, buses, 
and modular classroom buildings. 

(i) Avoid rooms or spaces with long ceiling spans, that are 
opposite openings or doorways that lead into rooms 
with windows in exterior walls, or that are within the 
unprotected, falling radius of higher building compo- 
nents. 

(4) 409.4 General considerations. Every building is different 
and contains some vulnerable elements that cannot be counted 
upon to withstand a tornado. Portions of buildings that contain 
one or more of these elements should be avoided wherever pos- 
sible. 

(a) Windows, skylights, and other components of glass, 
should be avoided. Glass is no match for tornado force 
winds and usually breaks into many jagged pieces 
which are blown into interior spaces from the wind- 
ward side. Acrylic or poly carbonate plastics are more 
resistant to impact than glass, but large panes will pop 
out. Tempered glass will shatter into thousands of 
cube-like pieces that will be propelled by the winds like 
shrapnel. Windows at the ends of corridors, particu- 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



59 



EMERGENCY PLANNING AND PREPAREDNESS 



lady those facing south, southwest, and west, are very 
dangerous. They will probably be blown down the cor- 
ridor in a wind tunnel effect. 

(b) Windward side walls, which usually are on the south 
and west, receive the full strength of the winds. It is 
assumed that windows on these sides will be broken 
and blown into the rooms on the windward side. This 
often results in increased air pressure, which aids in 
raising the roof. 

(c) Wind tunnels occur in unprotected corridors facing the 
oncoming winds, which usually come from the south or 
west. Openings facing these directions allow the winds 
to penetrate into interior spaces. The winds apparently 
occupy almost the entire volume of such a wind tunnel, 
as debris marks have been found to cover the full height 
of the walls. If entrances are baffled with a solid mas- 
sive wall, this effect is much less serious. 

(d) Lightweight roofs such as steel deck plate, wood 
planks, or plywood will usually be lifted up by the wind 
and partially carried away, with some roof debris fall- 
ing below. 

(e) Heavier roofs, especially precast concrete planks, may 
lift up and move slightly and then fall, but not always 
returning to their original support location. If the sup- 
port has collapsed, the heavy roof may fall into the area 
below. 

(f) Long-span rooms almost always have high ceilings. 
The exterior walls are usually higher than the typical 
one-story wall. Often these walls, especially those with 
southern or western exposures, will collapse into the 
long span. If they are load-bearing walls, the roof will 
cave in on the area also. Avoid rooms such as gyms, 
auditoriums and cafeterias. 



(g) Load-bearing walls are the sole support for floors or 
roofs above. If winds cause the supporting walls to fail, 
part or all of the roof or floors above will collapse. The 
most dangerous locations in a building are usually 
along the south and west sides, and at all comers. 

(h) Masonry construction is not immune to wall collapse. 
Most masonry walls are not vertically reinforced, and 
can fail when high horizontal forces occur, such as 
those caused by winds. 



Effective Date: July 1, 2007 

Prior Effective Dates: 7/1/79; 6/1/85; 6/15/92; 7/1/93; 9/1/95; 
1/3/00; 9/1/05 



60 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



OHIO ADMINISTRATIVE CODE 1301:7-7-05 

FIRE SERVICE FEATURES 



(A) SECTION 501 
GENERAL 

(1) 501.1 Scope. Fire service features for buildings, structures 
and premises shall comply with this rule. 

(2) 501.2 Permits. A permit shall be required as set forth in 
rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code. 

(3) 501.3 Construction documents. Construction documents 
for proposed fire apparatus access, location of fire lanes and 
construction documents and hydraulic calculations for fire 
hydrant systems shall be submitted to the fire department for 
review and approval prior to construction. 

(4) 501.4 Timing of installation. When fire apparatus access 
roads or a water supply for fire protection is required to be 
installed, such protection shall be installed and made service- 
able prior to and during the time of construction except when 
approved alternative methods of protection are provided. Tem- 
porary street signs shall be installed at each street intersection 
when construction of new roadways allows passage by vehi- 
cles in accordance v^ith paragraph (E)(2)(505.2) of this rule. 



(B) SECTION 502 
DEFINITIONS 

(1) 502.1 Definitions. The following words and terms shall, for 
the purposes of this rule and as used elsewhere in this code, 
have the meanings shown herein. 

"Fire apparatus access road." Same as "Fire Lane" as 
defined in this paragraph. 

*'Fire command center." The principal attended or unattended 
location where the status of the detection, alarm communica- 
tions and control systems is displayed, and from which the sys- 
tem(s) can be manually controlled. 

"Fire department master key." A limited issue key of special 
or controlled design to be carried by fire department officials in 
command which will open key boxes on specified properties. 

"Fire lane." A road or other passageway developed to allow 
the passage of fire apparatus. A fire lane is not necessarily 
intended for vehicular traffic other than fire apparatus. A fire 
lane shall not be interpreted to mean a residential and/or pub- 
lic street. 

I "Key box." A secure device with a lock operable only by a fire 
department master key, and containing building entry keys and 
other keys that may be required for access in an emergency. 



(C) SECTION 503 
FIRE APPARATUS ACCESS ROADS 

(1) 503.1 Where required. Fire apparatus access roads shall 
be provided and maintained in accordance with paragraphs 
(C)(l)(a)(503.1.1) to (C)(l)(c)(503.1.3) of this rule. 



(a) 503.1.1 Buildings and facilities. Approved fire appara- 
tus access roads shall be provided for every facility, building 
or portion of a building hereafter constructed or moved into 
or within the jurisdiction which are not readily accessible 
from a public and/or private street. The fire apparatus 
access road shall comply with the requirements of ibis para- 
graph and shall extend to within 1 50 feet (45 720 mm) of all 
portions of the facility and all portions of the exterior walls 
of the first story of the building as measured by an approved 
route around the exterior of the building or facihty. 

Exception: The fire code official is authorized to 
increase the dimension of 1 50 feet (45 720 mm) where: 

1. The building is equipped throughout with an 
approved automatic sprinkler system installed in 
accordance With paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1), 
(C)(3)(a)(ii)(903.3.1.2) or (C)(3)(a)(iii)(903.3.L3) 
of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

2. Fire apparatus access roads cannot be installed 
because of location on property, topography, 
waterways, nonnegotiable grades or other similar 
conditions, and an approved alternative means of 
fire protection is provided. 

3. There are not more than two Group R-3 or Group 
U occupancies. 

(b) 503.1.2 Additional access. The fire code official is 
authorized to require more than one fire apparatus access 
road based on the potential for impairment of a single road 
by vehicle congestion, condition of terrain, climatic condi- 
tions or other factors that could limit access. 

(c) 503.1.3 High-piled storage. Fire department vehicle 
access to buildings used for high-piled combustible storage 
shall comply with the applicable provisions of rule 1301:7- 
7-23 of the Administrative Code. 

(2) 503.2 Specifications. Fire apparatus access roads shall be 
installed and arranged in accordance with paragraphs 
(C)(2)(a)(503.2.1) to (C)(2)(g)(503.2.7) of this rule. 

(a) 503.2.1 Dimensions. Fire apparatus access roads shall 
have an unobstructed width of not less than 20 feet (6096 
nam), except for approved security gates in accordance with 
paragraph (C)(6)(503.6) of this rule, and an unobstructed 
vertical clearance of not less than 13 feet 6 inches (4115 
mm). 

(b) 503.2.2 Authority. The fire code official shall have the 
authority to require an increase in the minimum access 
widths where they are inadequate for fire or rescue opera- 
tions. 

(c) 503.2.3 Surface. Fire apparatus access roads shall be 
designed and maintained to support the imposed loads of 
fire apparatus and shall be surfaced so as to provide all- 
weather driving capabilities. 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



61 



FIRE SERVICE FEATURES 



(d) 503.2.4 T\iming radius. The required turning radius of 
a fire apparatus access road shall be determined by the fire 
code official. 

(e) 503.2.5 Dead ends. Dead-end fire apparatus access 
roads in excess of 150 feet (45 720 mm) in length shall be 
provided with an approved area for turning around fire 
apparatus. 

(f) 503.2.6 Bridges and elevated surfaces. Where a bridge 
or an elevated surface is part of a fire apparatus access road, 
the bridge shall be constructed and maintained in accor- 
dance with AASHTO HB-17 as listed in rule 1301: 7-7-45 of 
the Administrative Code. Bridges and elevated surfaces 
shall be designed for a live load sufficient to carry the 
imposed loads of fire apparatus. Vehicle load limits shall be 
posted at both entrances to bridges when required by the frre 
code official. Where elevated surfaces designed for emer- 
gency vehicle use are adjacent to surfaces which are not 
designed for such use, approved barriers, approved signs or 
both shall be installed and maintained when required by the 
fire code official. 

(g) 503.2.7 Grade. The grade of the fire apparatus access 
road shall be within the limits established by the fire code 
official based on the fire department's apparatus. 

(3) 503.3 Marking. Where required by the fire code official, 
approved signs or other approved notices shall be provided for 
fire apparatus access roads to identify such roads or prohibit the 
obstruction thereof. Signs or notices shall be maintained in a 
clean and legible condition at all times and be replaced or 
repaired when necessary to provide adequate visibility. 

(4) 503.4 Obstruction of fire apparatus access roads. Fire 
apparatus access roads shall not be obstructed in any manner, 
including the parking of vehicles. The minimum widths and 
clearances established in paragraph (C)(2)(a)(503.2.1) of this 
rule shall be maintained at all times. 

(5) 503.5 Required gates or barricades. The fire code official 
is authorized to require the installation and maintenance of 
gates or other approved barricades across fire apparatus access 
roads, trails or other accessways, not including public streets, 
alleys or highways. 

(a) 503.5.1 Secured gates and barricades. When required, 
gates and barricades shall be secured in an approved man- 
ner. Roads, trails and other accessways that have been 
closed and obstructed in the manner prescribed by para- 
graph (C)(5)(503.5) of this rule shall not be trespassed on or 
used unless authorized by the owner and the fire code offi- 
cial. 

Exception: The restriction on use shall not apply to pub- 
lic officers acting within the scope of duty. 

(6) 503.6 Security gates. The installation of security gates 
across a fire apparatus access road shall be approved by the fire 
chief. Where security gates are installed, they shall have an 
approved means of emergency operation. The security gates 
and the emergency operation shall be maintained operational at 
all times. 



(D) SECTION 504 
ACCESS TO BUILDING OPENINGS AND ROOFS 

(1) 504.1 Required access. Exterior doors and openings 
required by this rule or the building code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code shall be maintained 
readily accessible for emergency access by the fire department. 
An approved access walkway leading from fire apparatus 
access roads to exterior openings shall be provided when 
required by the fire code official. 

(2) 504.2 Maintenance of exterior doors and openings. 

Exterior doors and their function shall not be eliminated with- 
out prior approval. Exterior doors that have been rendered non- 
fiinctional and that retain a functional door exterior appearance 
shall have a sign affixed to the exterior side of the door with the 
words "THIS DOOR BLOCKED." The sign shall consist of I I 
letters having a principal stroke of not less than 0.75 inch (19.1 
mm) wide and at least 6 inches (152 mm) high on a contrasting 
background. Required fire department access doors shall not 
be obstructed or eliminated. Exit and exit access doors shall 
comply with rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code. 
Access doors for high-piled combustible storage shall comply 
v/i\h paragraph (F)(6)(a)(2306.6.1) of rule 1301:7-7-23 of the 
Administrative Code. 

(3) 504.3 Stairway access to roof. New buildings four or more 
stories in height, except those with a roof slope greater than 
four units vertical in 12 units horizontal (33.3-per cent slope), 
shall be provided with a stairway to the roof. Stairway access to 
the roof shall be in accordance with paragraph 
(I)(12)(1009.12) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative 
Code. Such stairway shall be marked at street and floor levels 
with a sign indicating that the stairway continues to the roof. 
Where roofs are used for roof gardens or for other purposes, 
stairways shall be provided as required for such occupancy 
classification. 



(E) SECTION 505 
PREMISES IDENTIFICATION 

(1) 505.1 Address numbers. New and existing buildings shall 
have approved address numbers, building numbers or 
approved building identification placed in a position that is 
plainly legible and visible from the street or road fronting the 
property. These numbers shall contrast with their background. 
Address numbers shall be Arabic numerals or alphabet letters. 
Numbers shall be a minimum of 4 inches (102 mm) high with a 
minimum stroke width of 0.5 inch (12.7 mm). 

(2) 505.2 Street or road signs. Streets and roads shall be iden- 
tified with approved signs. Temporary signs shall be installed 
at each street intersection when construction of new roadways 
allows passage by vehicles. Signs shall be of an approved size, 
weather resistant and be maintained until replaced by perma- 
nent signs. 



(F) SECTION 506 
KEY BOXES 

(1) 506.1 When required. Where access to or within a struc- 
ture or an area is restricted because of secured openings or 



62 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



FIRE SERVICE FEATURES 



where immediate access is necessary for life-saving or fire- 
fighting purposes, the fire code official is authorized to require 
a key box to be installed in an approved location. The key box 
shall be of an approved type and shall contain keys to gain nec- 
essary access as required by the fire code official. 

(a) 506.1.1 Locks. An approved lock shall be installed on 
gates or similar barriers when required by the fire code offi- 
cial. 

(2) 506.2 Key box maintenance. The operator of the building 
shall immediately notify the fire code official and provide the 
new key when a lock is changed or rekeyed. The key to such 
lock shall be secured in the key box. 



(G) SECTION 507 
HAZARDS TO FIRE FIGHTERS 

(1) 507.1 Trapdoors to be closed. Trapdoors and scuttle cov- 
ers, other than those that are within a dwelling unit or automati- 
cally operated, shall be kept closed at all times except when in 
use. 

(2) 507.2 Shaftway markings. Vertical shafts shall be identi- 
fied as required by this paragraph. 

(a) 507.2.1 Exterior access to shaftways. Outside open- 
ings accessible to the fire department and which open 
directly on a hoistway or shaftway communicating between 
two or more floors in a building shall be plainly marked with 

I I the word "SHAFTWAY" in red letters at least 6 inches (152 
mm) high on a white background. Such warning signs shall 
be so placed so as to be readily discernible from the outside 
of the building. 

(b) 507.2.2 Interior access to shaftways. Door or window 
openings to a hoistway or shaftway from the interior of the 
building shall be plainly marked with the word 

I I "SHAFTWAY" in red letters at least 6 inches (152 mm) high 
on a white background. Such warning signs shall be so 
placed so as to be readily discernible. 

Exception: Marking shall not be required on shaftway 
openings which are readily discernible as openings onto 
a shaftway by the construction or arrangement. 

(3) 507.3 Pitfalls. The intentional design or alteration of build- 
ings to disable, injure, maim, or kill intruders is prohibited. No 
person shall install and use firearms, sharp or pointed objects, 
razor wire, explosives, flammable or combustible liquid con- 
tainers, or dispensers containing highly toxic, toxic, irritant or 
other hazardous materials in a manner which may passively or 
actively disable, injure, maim or kill a fire fighter who forcibly 
enters a building for the purpose of controlling or extinguishing 
a fire, rescuing trapped occupants or rendering other emer- 
gency assistance. 



(H) SECTION 508 
FIRE PROTECTION WATER SUPPLIES 

(1) 508.1 Required water supply. An approved water supply 
capable of supplying the required fire flow for fire protection 
shall be provided to premises upon which facilities, buildings 



or portions of buildings are hereafter constructed or moved into 
or within the jurisdiction. 

(2) 508.2 Type of water supply. A water supply shall consist 
of reservoirs, pressure tanks, elevated tanks, water mains or 
other fixed systems capable of providing the required fire flow. 

(a) 508.2.1 Private fire service mains. Private fire service 
mains and appurtenances shaU be installed in accordance 
with NFPA 24 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Adminis- 
trative Code. 

(b) 508.2.2 Water tanks. Water tanks for private fire pro- 
tection shall be installed in accordance with NFPA 22 as 
listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

(3) 508.3 Fire flow. Fire flow requirements for buildings or 
portions of buildings and facilities shall be determined by an 
approved method. 

(4) 508.4 Water supply test. The fire code official shall be 
notified prior to the water supply test. Water supply tests shall 
be witnessed by the fire code official or approved documenta- 
tion of the test shall be provided to the fire code official prior to 
final approval of the water supply system. 

(5) 508.5 Fire hydrant systems. Fire hydrant systems shall 
comply with paragraphs (H)(5)(a)(508.5.1 ) to 
(H)(5)(f)(508.5.6) of this rule. 

(a) 508.5.1 Where required. Where a portion of the facility 
or building hereafter constructed or moved into or within 
the jurisdiction is more than 400 feet (122 m) from a hydrant 
on a fire apparatus access road, as measured by an approved 
route around the exterior of the faciUty or building, on-site 
fire hydrants and mains shall be provided where required by 
the fire code official. 

Exceptions: 

1. For Group R-3 and Group U occupancies, the dis- 
tance requirement shall be 600 feet (183 m). 

2. For buildings equipped throughout with an 
approved automatic sprinkler system installed in 
accordance With paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) 
or (C)(3)(a)(ii)(903.3.1.2) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of 
the Administrative Code, the distance requirement 
shall be 600 feet (183 m). 

(b) 508.5.2 Inspection, testing and maintenance. Fire 
hydrant systems shall be subject to periodic tests as required 
by the fire code official. Fire hydrant systems shall be main- 
tained in an operative condition at all times and shall be 
repaired where defective. Additions, repairs, alterations and 
servicing shall comply with approved standards. 

(c) 508.5.3 Private fire service mains and water tanks. 

Private fire service mains and water tanks shall be periodi- 
cally inspected, tested and maintained in accordance with 
NFPA 25 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative 
Code at the following intervals: 

(i) Private fire hydrants (all types) : Inspection annually 
and after each operation; flow test and maintenance 
annually. 

(ii) Fire service main piping: Inspection of exposed, 
annually; flow test every 5 years. 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



63 



FIRE SERVICE FEATURES 



(iii) Fire service main piping strainers: Inspection and 
maintenance after each use. 

(d) 508.5.4 Obstruction. Posts, fences, vehicles, growth, 
trash, storage and other materials or objects shall be not be 
placed or kept near fire hydrants, fire department inlet con- 
nections or fire protection system control valves in a manner 
that would prevent such equipment or fire hydrants from 
being immediately discernible. The fire department shall 
not be deterred or hindered from gaining immediate access 
to fire protection equipment or fire hydrants. 

(e) 508.5.5 Clear space around hydrants. A 3-foot (914 
mm) clear space shall be maintained around the circumfer- 
ence of fire hydrants except as otherwise required or 
approved. 

(f) 508.5.6 Physical protection. Where fire hydrants are 
subject to impact by a motor vehicle, guard posts or other 
approved means shall comply with paragraph (L)(312) of 
rule 1301:7-7-03 of the Administrative Code. 



(I) SECTION 509 
FIRE COMMAND CENTER 

(1) 509.1 Features. Where required by other paragraphs of 
this code and in all buildings classified as high-rise buildings 
by the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Admin- 
istrative Code, a fire command center for fire department oper- 
ations shall be provided. The location and accessibility of the 
fire command center shall be approved by the fire department. 
The fire command center shall be separated from the remainder 
of the building by not less than a 1-hour fire-resistance-rated 
fire barrier. The room shall be a minimum of 96 square feet (9 
m^) with a minimum dimension of 8 feet (2438 mm). A layout 
of the fire command center and all features required by this 
paragraph to be contained therein shall be submitted for 
approval prior to installation. The fire command center shall 
comply with NFPA 72 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the 
Administrative Code and shall contain the following features: 

(a) The emergency voice/alarm communication system 
unit. 

(b) The fire department communications system. 

(c) Fire-detection and alarm system annunciator system. 

(d) Annunciator visually indicating the location of the ele- 
vators and whether they are operational. 

(e) Status indicators and controls for air-handling systems. 

(f) The fire-fighter' s control panel required by paragraph 
(I)( 16X909.16) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administra- 
tive Code for smoke control systems installed in the 
building. 

(g) Controls for unlocking stairway doors simultaneously. 
(h) Sprinkler valve and water-flow detector display panels. 
(i) Emergency and standby power status indicators. 



(j) A telephone for fire department use with controlled 
access to the public telephone system. 

(k) Fire pump status indicators. 

(I) Schematic building plans indicating the typical floor 
plan and detailing the building core, means of egress, 
fire protection systems, fire-fighting equipment and 
fire department access. 

(m) Work table. 

(n) Generator supervision devices, manual start and trans- 
fer features. 

(o) Public address system, where specifically required by 
other paragraphs of this code. 



(J) SECTION 510 
FIRE DEPARTMENT ACCESS TO EQUIPMENT 

(1) 510.1 Identification. Fire protection equipment shall be 
identified in an approved manner. Rooms containing controls 
for air-conditioning systems, sprinkler risers Jind valves, or 
other fire detection, suppression or control elements shall be 
identified for the use of the fire department. Approved signs 
required to identify fire protection equipment and equipment 
location, shall be constructed of durable materials, perma- 
nently installed and readily visible. 



Effective Date: July 1, 2007 

Prior Effective Dates: 7/1/79; 6/1/85; 6/15/92; 7/1/93; 9/1/95; 
1/9/98; 3/30/98; 11/20/98; 1/3/00; 9/1/05 



64 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



OHIO ADMINISTRATIVE CODE 1301:7-7-06 

BUILDING SERVICES AND SYSTEMS 



(A) SECTION 601 
GENERAL 

(1) 601.1 Scope. The provisions of this rule shall apply to the 
installation, operation and maintenance of fuel-fired appli- 
ances and heating systems, emergency and standby power sys- 
tems, electrical systems and equipment, mechanical 

I refrigeration systems, elevator recall, stationary storage battery 
systems and commercial kitchen hoods. 

(2) 601.2 Permits. Permits shall be obtained for refrigeration 
systems and battery systems as set forth in rule 1301:7-7-01 of 
the Administrative Code. 



(B) SECTION 602 
DEFINITIONS 

(1) 602.1 Definitions. The following words and terms shall, for 
the purposes of this rule and as used elsewhere in this code, 
have the meanings shown herein. 

"Battery system, stationary lead acid." A system which con- 
sists of three interconnected subsystems: 

1. A lead-acid battery. 

2. A battery charger. 

3. A collection of rectifiers, inverters, converters, and asso- 
ciated electrical equipment as required for a particular 
application. 

"Battery types." 

"Nickel cadmium (Ni-Cd) battery." An alkaline storage 
battery in which the positive active material is nickel oxide, 
the negative contains cadmium and the electrolyte is potas- 
sium hydroxide. 

"Nonrecombinant battery." A storage battery in which, 
under conditions of normal use, hydrogen and oxygen gases 
created by electrolysis are vented into the air outside of the 
battery. 

"Recombinant battery." A storage battery in which, under 
conditions of normal use, hydrogen and oxygen gases cre- 
ated by electrolysis are converted back into water inside the 
battery instead of venting into the air outside of the battery. 

"Stationary storage battery." A group of electrochemical 
cells interconnected to supply a nominal voltage of DC 
power to a suitably connected electrical load, designed for 
service in a permanent location. The number of cells con- 
nected in a series determines the nominal voltage rating of 
the battery. The size of the cells determines the discharge 
capacity of the entire battery. After discharge, it may be 
restored to a fully charged condition by an electric current 
flowing in a direction opposite to the flow of current when 
the battery is discharged. 

"Valve-regulated lead-acid (VRLA) battery." A 

lead-acid battery consisting of sealed cells furnished with a 



valve that opens to vent the battery whenever the internal 
pressure of the battery exceeds the ambient pressure by a set 
amount. In VRLA batteries, the liquid electrolyte in the 
cells is immobiUzed in an absorptive glass mat (AGM cells 
or batteries) or by the addition of a gelling agent (gel cells or 
gelled batteries). 

"Vented (Flooded) lead-acid battery." A lead-acid battery 
consisting of cells that have electrodes immersed in liquid 
electrolyte. Flooded lead-acid batteries have a provision for 
the user to add water to the cell and are equipped with a 
flame-arresting vent which permits the escape of hydrogen 
and oxygen gas from the cell in a diffused manner such that 
a spark, or other ignition source, outside the cell will not 
ignite the gases inside the cell. 

[M] "Commercial cooking appliances." Appliances used in a 
commercial food service establishment for heating or cooking 
food and which produce grease vapors, steam, fumes, smoke or 
odors that are required to be removed through a local exhaust 
ventilation system. Such appliances include deep fat fryers; 
upright broilers; griddles; broilers; steam-jacketed kettles; 
hot- top ranges; under-fired boilers (charbroilers); ovens; bar- 
becues; rotisseries; and similar appliances. For the purpose of 
this definition, a food service estabhshment shall include any 
building or a portion thereof used for the preparation and serv- 
ing of food. 

[M] "Hood." An air-intake device used to capture by entrap- 
ment, impingement, adhesion or similar means, grease and 
similar contaminants before they enter a duct system. 

"Type I." A kitchen hood for collecting and removing 
grease vapors and smoke. 

"Refrigerant." The fluid used for heat transfer in a refrigerat- 
ing system; the refrigerant absorbs heat and transfers it at a 
higher temperature and a higher pressure, usually with a 
change of state. 

"Refrigeration system." A combination of interconnected 
refrigerant-containing parts constituting one closed refiigerant 
circuit in which a refrigerant is circulated for the purpose of 
extracting heat. 



(C) SECTION 603 
FUEL-FIRED APPLIANCES 

(1) 603.1 Installation. The installation of nonportable fuel gas 
appliances and systems shall comply with the International 
Fuel Gas Code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administra- 
tive Code. The installation of all other fuel-fired appliances, 
other than internal combustion engines, oil lamps and portable 
devices such as blow torches, melting pots and weed burners, 
shall comply with this paragraph, and the mechanical code as 
listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

(a) 603.1.1 Manufacturer's instructions. The installation 
shall be made in accordance with the manufacturer's 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



65 



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instructions and applicable federal, state, and local rules and 
regulations. Where it becomes necessary to change, modify, 
or alter a manufacturer's instructions in any way, written 
approval shall first be obtained from the manufacturer. 

(b) 603.1.2 Approval. The design, construction and instal- 
lation of fuel-fired appliances shall be in accordance with 
the International Fuel Gas Code and the mechanical code 
as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

(c) 603.1.3 Electrical wiring and equipment. Electrical 
wiring and equipment used in coimection with oil-burning 
equipment shall be installed and maintained in accordance 
with paragraph (E)(605) of this rule and the building code 
andNFPA 70 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Adminis- 
trative Code. 

(d) 603.1.4 Fuel oil. The grade of fuel oil used in a burner 
shall be that for which the burner is approved and as stipu- 
lated by the burner manufacturer. Oil containing gasoline 
shall not be used. Waste crankcase oil shall be an acceptable 
fuel in Group F, M and S occupancies, when utilized in 
equipment listed for use with waste oil and when such 
equipment is installed in accordance with the manufac- 
turer's instructions and the terms of its listing. 

(e) 603.1.5 Access. The installation shall be readily accessi- 
ble for cleaning hot surfaces; removing burners; replacing 
motors, controls, air filters, chimney connectors, draft regu- 
lators, and other working parts; and for adjusting, cleaning 
and lubricating parts. 

(f) 603.1.6 Testing, diagrams and instructions. After 
installation of the oil-burning equipment, operation and 
combustion performance tests shall be conducted to deter- 
mine that the burner is in proper operating condition and 
that all accessory equipment, controls, and safety devices 
function properly. 

(i) 603.1.6.1 Diagrams. Contractors installing industrial 
oil-burning systems shall furnish not less than two copies 
of diagrams showing the main oil lines and controlling 
valves, one copy of which shall be posted at the oil-burn- 
ing equipment and another at an approved location that 
will be accessible in case of emergency. 

(ii) 603.1.6.2 Instructions. After completing the instal- 
lation, the installer shall instruct the owner or operator in 
the proper operation of the equipment. The installer shall 
also furnish the owner or operator with the name and 
telephone number of persons to contact for technical 
information or assistance and routine or emergency ser- 
vices. 

(g) 603.1.7 Clearances. Working clearances between 
oil-fired appliances and electrical panelboards and equip- 
ment shall be in accordance with the building code and 
NFPA 70 as listedin rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative 
Code. Clearances between oil-fired equipment and oil sup- 
ply tanks shall be in accordance with NFPA 3 1 ^5' listed in 
rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

(2) [B, M, FG] 603.2 Chimneys. Masonry chimneys shall be 
constructed in accordance with the building code as listed in 
rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. Factory-built 
chimneys shall be installed in accordance with the mechanical 



code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 
Metal chimneys shall be constructed and installed in accor- 
dance with NFPA 211 a^ listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the 
Administrative Code. 

(3) 603.3 Fuel oil storage systems. Fuel oil storage systems 
shall be installed in accordance with this code. Fuel oil piping 
systems shall be installed in accordance with the mechanical 
code as listedin rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

(a) 603.3.1 Maximum outside fuel oil storage above- 
ground. Where connected to a fuel-oil piping system, the 
maximum amount of fuel oil storage allowed outside above 
ground without additional protection shall be 660 gallons 
(2498 L). The storage of fuel oil above ground in quantities 
exceeding 660 gallons (2498 L) shall comply with NFPA 3 1 
as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

(b) 603.3.2 Maximum inside fuel oil storage. Where con- 
nected to a fuel-oil piping system, the maximum amount of 
fuel oil storage allowed inside any building shall be 660 gal- 
lons (2498 L). Where the amount of fuel oil stored inside a 
building exceeds 660 gallons (2498 L), the storage area 
shall be in compliance with the building code as listed in 
rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

(c) 603.3.3 Underground storage of fuel oil. The storage 
of fuel oil in underground storage tanks shall comply with 
NFPA 31 as listedin rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative 
Code. 

(4) 603.4 Unvented heaters. Portable unvented fiiel-fired heat- 
ing equipment shall be prohibited in occupancies in Groups A, 
E, I, R-1, R-2, R-3 and R-4. Portable kerosene-fired space or 
room heaters shall be equipped with an automatic extinguish- 
ing tip-over device. Any natural gas-fired or liquid petroleum 
gas-fired space or room heater shall be equipped with an oxy- 
gen depletion safety shutojf system and the source of fuel shall 
be piped from, a location outside the building. All unvented 
heaters shall be marked by the manufacturer in some conspicu- 
ous manner that the heater has been approved and listed by one 
of the authoritative sources listed in rule 1301:7-7-01 of the 
Administrative Code. 

Exception: Listed and approved unvented fuel-fired heaters 
in one- and two-family dwellings. 

(a) 603.4.1 Prohibited locations. Unvented fuel-fired heat- 
ing equipment shall not be located in, or obtain combustion 
air from, any of the following rooms or spaces: sleeping 
rooms, bathrooms, toilet rooms or storage closets. No 
unvented kerosene heater shall be located in any building 
means of egress. 

(b) 603.4.2 Elevation not permitted. No unvented kerosene 
heater shall be elevated by being placed upon a stand or 
otherwise placed or suspended above the floor 

(c) 603.4.3 Placement restrictions. No unvented kerosene 
heater shall be placed within three feet of any furniture, 
drapery, curtain, decorative material, accessory, appli- 
ance, equipment, merchandise, goods, or fixture, or any 
other thing, which is or may be combustible. 

(d) 603.4.4 Must be attended. No unvented kerosene heater 
shall be left unattended while it is operating. 



66 



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(e) 603.4.5 Non-combustible mat required. Every unvented 
kerosene heater shall be set and centered upon a 
noncombustible mat or shallow base, the dimensions of 
which shall be sufficient to allow at least three feet of the mat 
or base to extend outward in any direction from any part of 
the unvented kerosene heater 

if) 603.4.6 Ventilation required. Every unvented kerosene 
heater shall be used in an area where there is adequate ven- 
tilation, as recommended by the manufacturer of such 
heater 

(g) 603.4.7 Cool-down required. No unvented kerosene 
heater shall be fueled or refueled while it is operating or 
within ten minutes of flame extinguishment, or contrary to 
the instructions of its manufacturer. 

(h) 603.4.8 Fueling prohibited. No unvented kerosene 
heater or its fuel reservoir shall be fueled or refueled inside 
a building. All such fueling operations shall be performed 
outdoors. 

(i) 603.4.9 Fueling guidelines. Every unvented kerosene 
heater shall be fueled or refueled strictly in accordance with 
the instructions of its manufacturer. 

(j) 603.4.10 Fuel requirements. The fuel in every unvented 
kerosene heater shall be only No. 1-K kerosene as pre- 
scribed in paragraph (F)(9)(3406.9) of rule 1301:7-7-34 of 
the Administrative Code. 

(k) 603.4.11 Fuel storage. The fuel used in every unvented 
kerosene heater shall be stored away from occupied areas 
and in an approved container which shall be marked or 
labeled in a conspicuous manner to read: "1 -K kerosene ". 

(I) 603.4.12 Fire extinguisher requirements. At least one 
fire extinguisher with a minimum 2-A, 20-B:C rating and 
capacity shall be provided and available for use within 
twenty-five feet of every unvented kerosene heater during its 
operation. 

(m) 603.4.13 Manufacturer's instructions. No person shall 
sell or offer for sale any kerosene heater in this state unless 
the manufacturer has provided instructions for operating 
the heater and certain information about its use, which shall 
include the following: 

(i) All pertinent information bearing upon the assem- 
bly and installation of the heater. 

(ii) All pertinent information bearing upon the proper 
operation, maintenance, and storage of the heater. 

(Hi) All pertinent information which might reasonably 
bear upon the health or life safety of persons in the 
vicinity of the heater if recommended assembly, 
installation, operational, or maintenance proce- 
dures are not respected. 

(iv) All safety features incorporated in the heater shall 
be described. 

(v) Instructions for starting or lighting the heater, 
regulating its flame or heat, and turning it off or 
extinguishing its flame. 

(vi) Proper fueling procedures shall be set forth. 



(vii) A cautionary warning that the heater may be 
extremely hot while in operation; that, therefore, it 
may bum, injure, or damage any person or thing 
contacting it; and that, in particular, infants, chil- 
dren, physically or mentally incompetent persons, 
and pets should be kept away from the unit. 

(viii) A cautionary warning that the heater may be 
extremely hot while in operation; that, therefore, 
the heat radiating from it may ignite any combusti- 
ble thing in close proximity; that it should not be 
placed within three feet of any furniture, drapery, 
curtain, clothing, or other thing which is or may be 
combustible; that, however, the heater may be 
placed against or within three feet of a combusti- 
ble wall, provided the heater is specifically 
designed for such installation or placement. 

(ix) A cautionary warning that the heater may be 
extremely hot while in operation; that, therefore, 
no fueling procedure, including the removal of the 
fuel reservoir, should be carried out while the unit 
is operating and until it has cooled down. 

(x) A cautionary warning that the heater should not be 
moved while it is in operation. 

(xi) A cautionary warning that neither the heater nor 
any surface of the heater should be used for the 
purpose of cooking or warming food, unless the 
heater is specifically designed for cooking and 
warming food. 

(xii) A cautionary warning that no additive for the 
heater's fuel with a flashpoint below one hundred 
degrees fahrenheit shall be used. 

(xiii) The recommended minimum room size for the Btu 
output of the heater shall be set forth. 

(xiv) The type and grade of fuel the heater is designed to 
use shall be set forth, together with any safety or 
fire hazard which might be involved if improper 
fuel is used. 

(xv) A cautionary warning for every unvented kerosene 
heater, warning that when the heater is in opera- 
tion the combustion process uses oxygen from the 
space being heated and returns carbon monoxide 
to the atmosphere as a product of combustion; 
that, without adequate ventilation, the depletion of 
oxygen may present a risk of asphyxiation; and 
that carbon monoxide is a colorless, odorless, 
highly poisonous gas which, without adequate 
ventilation, may cause headache, dizziness, and 
rmusea, or even be fatal. 

(xvi) The ventilation requirements necessary for the 
safe operation of every unvented kerosene heater 
shall be set forth. 

(xvii) A cautionary warning for every unvented kerosene 
heater, warning that the fuel used in such heater 
should be restricted to No. 1-K kerosene, as pre- 
scribed in this code, or "Fresh, High Quality, 
Crystal Clear Kerosene. " 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



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(n) 603.4.14 Issuance of citation. If the fire marshal, his 
authorized representative, or a certified fire safety inspector 
finds that the use of an unvented kerosene heater or the stor- 
age of its fuel is not in compliance with the provisions of this 
rule, he shall issue a citation to the responsible person as 
authorized by section 3737.42 of the Revised Code. 

(5) 603.5 Heating appliances. Heating appliances shall be 
listed and shall comply with this paragraph. 

(a) 603.5.1 Guard against contact. The heating element or 
combustion chamber shall be permanently guarded so as to 
prevent accidental contact by persons or material. 

(b) 603.5.2 Heating appliance installation and mainte- 
nance. Heating appliances shall be installed and maintained 
in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions, the 
mechanical code, the International Fuel Gas Code, the 
building code and NFPA 70 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of 
the Administrative Code. 

(6) 603.6 Chimneys and appliances. Chimneys, incinerators, 
smokestacks or similar devices for conveying smoke or hot 
gases to the outer air and the stoves, furnaces, fireboxes or boil- 
ers to which such devices are connected, shall be maintained so 
as not to create a fire hazard. 

(a) 603.6.1 Masonry chimneys. Masonry chimneys that, 
upon inspection, are found to be without a flue liner and that 
have open mortar joints which will permit smoke or gases to 
be discharged into the building, or which are cracked as to 
be dangerous, shall be repaired or relined with a listed chim- 
ney liner system installed in accordance with the manufac- 
turer's installation instructions or a flue lining system 
installed in accordance with the requirements of the build- 
ing code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative 
Code and appropriate for the intended class of chimney ser- 
vice. 

(b) 603.6.2 Metal chimneys. Metal chimneys which are 
corroded or improperly supported shall be repaired or 
replaced. 

(c) 603.6.3 Decorative shrouds. Decorative shrouds 
installed at the termination of factory-built chimneys shall 
be removed except where such shrouds are listed and 
labeled for use witii the specific factory-built chinmey sys- 
tem and are installed in accordance with the chimney manu- 
facturer's installation instructions. 

(d) 603.6.4 Factory-built chimneys. Existing factory-built 
chimneys that are damaged, corroded or improperly sup- 
ported shall be repaired or replaced. 

(e) 603.6.5 Connectors. Existing chimney and vent con- 
nectors that are damaged, corroded or improperly supported 
shall be repaired or replaced. 

(7) 603.7 Discontinuing operation of unsafe heating appli- 
ances. The fire code official is authorized to order that mea- 
sures be taken to prevent the operation of any existing stove, 
oven, furnace, incinerator, boiler or any other heat-producing 
device or appliance found to be defective or in violation of code 
requirements for existing appliances after giving notice to this 
effect to any person, owner, firm or agent or operator in charge 
of the same. The fire code official is authorized to take mea- 



sures to prevent the operation of any device or appliance with- 
out notice when inspection shows tiie existence of an immedi- 
ate fire hazard or when imperiling human life. The defective 
device shall remain withdrawn from service until all necessary 
repairs or alterations have been made. 

(a) 603.7.1 Unauthorized operation. It shall be a violation 
of this code for any person, user, firm or agent to continue 
the utilization of any device or appliance (the operation of 
which has been discontinued or ordered discontinued in 
accordance with paragraph (C)(7)(603.7) of this rule, 
unless written authority to resume operation is given by the 
fire code official. Removing or breaking the means by 
which operation of the device is prevented shall be a viola- 
tion of this code. 

(8) 603.8 Incinerators. Commercial, industrial and residen- 
tial-type incinerators and chimneys shall be constructed in 
accordance with the building code, the mechanical code, and 
the International Fuel Gas Code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 
of the Administrative Code. 

(a) 603.8.1 Residential incinerators. Residential incinera- 
tors shall be of an approved type. 

(b) 603.8.2 Spark arrestor. Incinerators shall be equipped 
with an effective means for arresting sparks. 

(c) 603.8.3 Restrictions. Where the fire code official deter- 
mines that burning in incinerators located within 500 feet 
(152 m) of mountainous, brush or grass-covered areas will 
create an undue fire hazard because of atmospheric condi- 
tions, such burning shall be prohibited. 

(d) 603.8.4 Time of burning. Burning shall take place only 
during approved hours. 

(e) 603.8.5 Discontinuance. The fire code official is autho- 
rized to require incinerator use to be discontinued immedi- 
ately if the fire code official determines that smoke 
emissions are offensive to occupants of surrounding prop- 
erty or if the use of the incinerators is determined by the fire 
code official to constitute a hazardous condition. 

(9) 603.9 Gas meters. Above-ground gas meters, regulators 
and piping subject to damage shall be protected by a barrier 
complying -with paragraph (L)(312) of rule 1301:7-7-03 of the 
Administrative Code or otherwise protected in an approved 
manner. 



(D) SECTION 604 
EMERGENCY AND STANDBY POWER SYSTEMS 

(1) 604.1 Installation. Emergency and standby power systems 
required by this code or the building code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code shall be installed in 
accordance with this code, NITA 110 and NFPA 1 1 1 a5 listed 
in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. Existing 
installations shall be maintained in accordance with the origi- 
nal approval. 

(a) 604.1.1 Stationary generators. Stationary emergency 
and standby power generators required by this code shall be 
Usted in accordance with UL 2200 as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 



68 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



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(2) 604.2 Where required. Emergency and standby power 
systems shall be provided where required by paragraphs 
I (D)(2)(a)(604.2J) to (D)(2)(s)(iv)(604.2.19.4) of this rule. 

(a) 604.2.1 Group A occupancies. Emergency power shall 
be provided for emergency voice/alarm communication 
systems in Group A occupancies in accordance with para- 

I graph (G)(2)(l)(ii)(907.2.12.2) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the 
Administrative Code. 

(b) 604.2.2 Smoke control systems. Standby power shall 
be provided for smoke control systems in accordance with 
paragraph (I)(ll)(909.11) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the 
Administrative Code. 

(c) 604.2.3 Exit signs. Emergency power shall be provided 
for exit signs in accordance with paragraph 
(K)(5)(c)(1011.5.3) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administra- 
tive Code. 

(d) 604.2.4 Means of egress illumination. Emergency 
power shall be provided for means of egress illumination in 
accordance with paragraph (F)(3)(1006.3) of rule 
1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code. 

I (e) 604.2.5 Accessible means of egress elevators. Standby 

I power shall be provided for elevators that are part of an 

accessible means of egress in accordance with paragraph 

(G)(4)( 1007.4) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative 

Code. 

(f) 604.2.6 Accessible means of egress platform lifts. 

Standby power in accordance with this paragraph or ASME 
A18.1 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative 
Code shall be provided for platform lifts that are part of an 
accessible means of egress in accordance with paragraph 
(G)(5)( 1007.5) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative 
Code. 

(g) 604.2.7 Horizontal sliding doors. Standby power shall 
be provided for horizontal sliding doors in accordance with 
paragraph (H)(l)(c)(iii)(1008.1.3.3) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of 
the Administrative Code. 

(h) 604.2.8 Semiconductor fabrication facilities. Emer- 
gency power shall be provided for semiconductor fabrica- 
tion facilities in accordance with paragraph 
(C)(15)(1803.15) of rule 1301:7-7-18 of the Administrative 
Code. 

(i) 604.2.9 Membrane structures. Emergency power shall 
be provided for exit signs in temporary tents and membrane 
structures in accordance with paragraph 
(C)(12)(f)(i)(2403.12.6.1) of rule 1301:7-7-24 of the 
Administrative Code. Standby power shall be provided for 
auxiliary inflation systems in permanent membrane struc- 
tures in accordance with the building code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

(j) 604.2.10 Hazardous materials. Emergency or standby 
power shall be provided in occupancies with hazardous 
materials in accordance with paragraphs (D)(7)(2704.7) 
and(E)(l)(e)(2705.1.5) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the Adminis- 
trative Code. 

(k) 604.2.11 Highly toxic and toxic materials. Emergency 
power shall be provided for occupancies with highly toxic 



or toxic materials in accordance with paragraphs 
(D)(2)(b)(viii)(3704.2.2.8) and (D)(3)(b)(vi)(3704.3.2.6) 
of rule 1301:7-7-37 of the Administrative Code. 

(1) 604.2.12 Organic peroxides. Standby power shall be 
provided for occupancies with organic peroxides in accor- 
dance with paragraph (D)(l)(k)(3904.1.11) of rule 
1301:7-7-39 of the Administrative Code. 

(m) 604.2.13 Pyrophoric materials. Emergency power 
shall be provided for occupancies with silane gas in accor- 
dance with paragraphs (F)(2)(c)(4106.2.3) and 
(F)(4)(c)(4106.4.3) of rule 1301:7-7-41 of the Administra- 
tive Code. 

(n) 604.2.14 Covered mall buildings. Covered mail build- 
ings exceeding 50,000 square feet (4645 m^) shall be pro- 
vided with standby power systems which are capable of 
operating the emergency voice/alarm conmiunication. 

(o) 604.2.15 High-rise buildings. Standby power, light and 
emergency systems in high-rise buildings shall comply with 
the requirements of paragraphs (D)(2)(o)(i)(604.2.15.1) to 
(D)(2)(o)(iii)(604.2.15.3) of this rule. 

(i) 604.2.15.1 Standby power. A standby power system 
shall be provided. Where the standby system is a genera- 
tor set inside a building, the system shall be located in a 
separate room enclosed with 2-hour fire barriers or hori- 
zontal assemblies constructed in accordance with the 
building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Admin- 
istrative Code, or both. System supervision with manual 
start and transfer features shall be provided at the fire 
command center. 

(a) 604.2.15.1.1 Fuel supply. An on-premises fuel I 
supply, sufficient for not less than 2-hour full-demand 
operation of the system, shall be provided. 

Exception: When approved, the system shall be I 
supphed by natural gas pipelines. I 

(b) 604.2.15.1.2 Capacity. The standby system shall I 
have a capacity and rating that supplies all equipment 
required to be operational at the same time. The gen- 
erating capacity is not required to be sized to operate 
all of the connected electrical equipment simulta- 
neously. 

(c) 604.2.15.1.3 Connected facilities. Power and I 
lighting facilities for the fire command center and ele- 
vators specified in Sections 403.8 and 403.9 of the 
building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the 
Administrative Code, as applicable, and electrically 
powered fire pumps required to maintain pressure, 
shall be transferable to the standby source. Standby 
power shall be provided for at least one elevator to 
serve all floors and be transferable to any elevator. 

(ii) 604.2.15.2 Separate circuits and fixtures. Separate | 
lighting circuits and fixtures shall be required to provide 
sufficient light with an intensity of not less than 1 
foot-candle (11 lux) measured at floor level in all means 
of egress corridors, stairways, smokeproof enclosures, 
elevator cars and lobbies, and other areas which are 
clearly a part of the escape route. 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



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BUILDING SERVICES AND SYSTEMS 



(a) 604.2.15.2.1 Other circuits. Circuits supplying 
lighting for the fire command center and mechanical 
equipment rooms shall be transferable to the standby 
source. 

(iii) 604.2.15.3 Emei^ency systems. Exit signs, exit 
illumination as required by rule 1301:7-7-10 of the 
Administrative Code, and elevator car lighting are classi- 
fied as emergency systems and shall operate within 10 
seconds of failure of the normal power supply and shall 
be capable of being transferred to the standby source. 

Exception: Exit sign, exit and means of egress illumi- 
nation are permitted to be powered by a standby 
source in buildings of Group F and S occupancies. 

(p) 604.2.16 Underground buildings. Emergency and 
standby power systems in underground buildings covered in 
Chapter 4 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 
of the Administrative Code shall comply with paragraphs 
(D)(2)(p)(i)(604.2.16.1) and (D)(2)(p)(ii)(604.2.16.2) of 
this rule. 

(i) 604.2.16.1 Standby power. A standby power system 
complying with the building code and NFPA 70 as listed 
in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code shall be 
provided for standby power loads as specified in para- 
graph (D)(2)(p)(i)(a)(604.2.16.1.1) of this rule. 

(a) 604.2.16.1.1 Standby power loads. The follow- 
ing loads are classified as standby power loads: 

(i) Smoke control system. 

(ii) Ventilation and automatic fire detection 
equipment for smokeproof enclosures. 

(iii) Fire pumps. 

(iv) Standby power shall be provided for elevators 
in accordance with Section 3003 of the build- 
ing code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the 
Administrative Code. 

(b) [B] 604.2.16.1.2 Pick-up time. The standby 
power system shall pick up its connected loads within 
60 seconds of failure of the normal power supply. 

(ii) 604.2.16.2 Emergency power. An emergency power 
system complying with the building code and NFPA 70 
as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code 
shall be provided for emergency power loads as specified 
in paragraph (D)(2)(p)(ii)(a)(604.2.16.2.1) of this rule. 

(a) [B] 604.2.16.2.1 Emergency power loads. The 

following loads are classified as emergency power 
loads: 

(i) Emergency voice/alarm communication sys- 
tems, 

(ii) Fire alarm systems. 

(iii) Automatic fire detection systems. 

(iv) Elevator car lighting. 

(v) Means of egress lighting and exit sign illumi- 
nation as required by rule 1301:7-7-10 of the 
Administrative Code. 



(q) 604.2.17 Group 1-3 occupancies. Power-operated slid- I 
ing doors or power-operated locks for swinging doors in 
Group 1-3 occupancies shall be operable by a manual 
release mechanism at the door, and either emergency power 
or a remote mechanical operating release shall be provided. 

Exception: Emergency power is not required in facilities 
where provisions for remote locking and unlocking of 
occupied rooms in Occupancy Condition 4 are not 
required as set forth in the building code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

(r) 604.2.18 Airport traffic control towers. A standby I 
power system shall be provided in airport traffic control 
towers more than 65 feet (19 812 nmi) in height. Power shall 
be provided to the following equipment: 

(i) Pressurization equipment, mechanical equipment 
and lighting. 

(ii) Elevator operating equipment. 

(iii) Fire alarm and smoke detection systems. 

(s) 604.2.19 Elevators. In buildings and structures where | 
standby power is required or furnished to operate an eleva- 
tor, the operation shall be in accordance with paragraphs 
(D)(2)(s)(i)(604.2.19.1) to (D)(2)(s)(iv)(604.2.19.4) of this \ 
rule. 

(i) 604.2.19.1 Manual transfer. Standby power shall be I 
manually transferable to all elevators in each bank. 

(ii) 604.2.19.2 One elevator. Where only one elevator is | 
installed, the elevator shall automatically transfer to 
standby power within 60 seconds after failure of normal 
power. 

(iii) 604.2.19.3 Two or more elevators. Where two or I 
more elevators are controlled by a common operating 
system, all elevators shall automatically transfer to 
standby power within 60 seconds after failure of normal 
power where the standby power source is of sufficient 
capacity to operate all elevators at the same time. Where 
the standby power source is not of sufficient capacity to 
operate all elevators at the same time, all elevators shall 
transfer to standby power in sequence, return to the des- 
ignated landing and disconnect fi-om the standby power 
source. After all elevators have been returned to the des- 
ignated level, at least one elevator shall remain operable 
from the standby power source. 

(iv) 604.2.19.4 Venting. Where standby power is con- I 
nected to elevators, the machine room ventilation or air 
conditioning shall be connected to the standby power 
source. 

(3) 604.3 Maintenance. Emergency and standby power sys- 
tems shall be maintained in accordance with NFPA 110 and I 
NFPA 1 1 1 a5' listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative \ 
Code such that the system is capable of supplying service 
within the time specified for the type and duration required. 

(a) 604.3.1 Schedule. Inspection, testing and maintenance 
of emergency and standby power systems shall be in accor- 
dance with an approved schedule established upon comple- 
tion and approval of the system installation. 



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(b) 604.3.2 Written record. Written records of the inspec- 
tion, testing and maintenance of emergency and standby 
power systems shall include the date of service, name of the 
servicing technician, a summary of conditions noted and a 
detailed description of any conditions requiring correction 
and what corrective action was taken. Such records shall be 
kept on the premises served by the emergency or standby 
power system and be available for inspection by the fire 
code official. 

(c) 604.3.3 Switch maintenance. Emergency and standby 
power system transfer switches shall be included in the 
inspection, testing and maintenance schedule required by 
paragraph (D)(3)(a)(604.3.1) of this rule. Transfer 
switches shall be maintained free from accumulated dust 
and dirt. Inspection shall include examination of the transfer 
switch contacts for evidence of deterioration. When evi- 
dence of contact deterioration is detected, the contacts shall 
be replaced in accordance with the transfer switch manufac- 
turer's instructions. 

(4) 604.4 Operational inspection and testing. Emergency 
power systems, including all appurtenant components shall be 
inspected and tested under load in accordance with NFPA 110 
and NFPA III as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administra- 
tive Code. 

Exception: Where the emergency power system is used for 
standby power or peak load shaving, such use shall be 
recorded and shall be allowed to be substituted for sched- 
uled testing of the generator set, provided that appropriate 
records are maintained. 

(a) 604.4.1 Transfer switch test. The test of the transfer 
switch shall consist of electrically operating the transfer 
switch from the normal position to the alternate position and 
then return to the normal position. 

(5) 604.5 Supervision of maintenance and testing. Routine 
maintenance, inspection and operational testing shall be over- 
seen by a properly instructed individual. 



(E) SECTION 605 
ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT, WIRING AND HAZARDS 

(1) 605.1 Abatement of electrical hazards. Identified electri- 
cal hazards shall be abated. Identified hazardous electrical con- 
ditions in permanent wiring shall be brought to the attention of 
the code official responsible for enforcement of the building 
code and NFPA 70 as listed in rule 1301 : 7-7-45 of the Adminis- 
trative Code. Electrical wiring, devices, appliances and other 
equipment that is modified or damaged and constitutes an elec- 
trical shock or fire hazard shall not be used. 

(2) 605.2 Illumination. Illumination shall be provided for ser- 
vice equipment areas, motor control centers and electrical 
panelboards. 

(3) 605.3 Working space and clearance. A working space of 
not less than 30 inches (762 mm) in width, 36 inches (914 mm) 
in depth and 78 inches (1981 mm) in height shall be provided in 
front of electrical service equipment. Where the electrical ser- 
vice equipment is wider than 30 inches (762 mm), the working 
space shall not be less than the width of the equipment. No stor- 



age of any materials shall be located within the designated 
working space. 

Exceptions: 

1 . Where other dimensions are required or allowed by 
the building code and NFPA 70 as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

2. Access openings into attics or under-floor areas 
which provide a minimum clear opening of 22 inches 
(559 mm) by 30 inches (762 mm). 

(a) 605.3.1 Labeling. Doors into electrical control panel 
rooms shall be marked with a plainly visible and legible sign 
stating "ELECTRICAL ROOM" or similar approved word- I I 
ing. The disconnecting means for each service, feeder or 
branch circuit originating on a switchboard or panelboard 
shall be legibly and durably marked to indicate its purpose 
unless such purpose is clearly evident. 

(4) 605.4 Multiplug adapters. Multiplug adapters, such as 
cube adapters, unfused plug strips or any other device not com- 
plying with the building code and NFPA 70 as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code shall be prohibited. 

(a) 605.4.1 Power tap design. Relocatable power taps shall 
be of the polarized or grounded type, equipped with 
overcurrent protection, and shall be listed in accordance 
with UL 1363 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Adminis- 
trative Code. 

(b) 605.4.2 Power supply. Relocatable power taps shall be 
directly connected to a permanentiy installed receptacle. 

(c) 605.4.3 Installation. Relocatable power tap cords shall 
not extend through walls, ceilings, floors, under doors or 
floor coverings, or be subject to environmental or physical 
damage. 

(5) 605.5 Extension cords. Extension cords and flexible cords 
shall not be a substitute for permanent wiring. Extension cords 
and flexible cords shall not be affixed to structures, extended 
through walls, ceilings or floors, or under doors or floor cover- 
ings, nor shall such cords be subject to environmental damage 
or physical impact. Extension cords shall be used only with 
portable appliances. 

(a) 605.5.1 Power supply. Extension cords shall be plugged 
directly into an approved receptacle, power tap or multiplug 
adapter and, except for approved multiplug extension cords, 
shall serve only one portable appliance. 

(b) 605.5.2 Ampacity. The ampacity of the extension cords 
shall not be less than the rated capacity of the portable appli- 
ance supplied by the cord. 

(c) 605.5.3 Maintenance. Extension cords shall be main- 
tained in good condition without splices, deterioration or 
damage. 

(d) 605.5.4 Grounding. Extension cords shall be grounded 
when serving grounded portable appliances. 

(6) 605.6 Unapproved conditions. Open junction boxes and 
open- wiring splices shall be prohibited. Approved covers shall 
be provided for all switch and electrical outlet boxes. 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



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(7) 605.7 Appliances. Electrical appliances and fixtures shall 
be tested and listed in published reports of inspected electrical 
equipment by an approved agency and installed and main- 
tained in accordance with all instructions included as part of 
such listing. 

(8) 605.8 Electrical motors. Electrical motors shall be main- 
tained free from excessive accumulations of oil, dirt, waste and 
debris. 

(9) 605.9 Temporary wiring. Temporary wiring for electrical 
power and lighting installations is allowed for a period not to 
exceed 90 days. Temporary wiring methods shall meet the 
applicable provisions of the building code and NFPA 70 as 
listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

Exception: Temporary wiring for electrical power and 
lighting installations is allowed during periods of construc- 
tion, remodeling, repair or demolition of buildings, struc- 
tures, equipment or similar activities. 

(a) 605.9.1 Attachment to structures. Temporary wiring 
attached to a structure shall be attached in an approved man- 
ner. 

(10) 605.10 Portable, electric space heaters. Portable, elec- 
tric space heaters shall comply with paragraphs 
(E)(10)(a)(605.10.1) to (E)(10)(d)(605.10.4) of this rule. 

(a) 605.10.1 Listed and labeled. Only listed and labeled 
portable, electric space heaters shall be used. 

(b) 605.10.2 Power supply. Portable, electric space heaters 
shall be plugged directly into an approved receptacle. 

(c) 605.10.3 Extension cords. Portable, electric space heat- 
ers shall not be plugged into extension cords. 

(d) 605.10.4 Prohibited areas. Portable, electric space 
heaters shall not be operated within 3 feet (914 mm) of any 
combustible materials. Portable, electric space heaters shall 
be operated only in locations for which they are listed. 



(F) SECTION 606 
MECHANICAL REFRIGERATION 

(1) [M] 606.1 Scope. Refrigeration systems shall be installed 
in accordance with the mechanical code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

(2) [M] 606.2 Refrigerants. The use and purity of new, recov- 
ered, and reclaimed refrigerants shall be in accordance with the 
mechanical code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Adminis- 
trative Code. 

(3) [M] 606.3 Refrigerant classification. Refrigerants shall 
be classified in accordance with the mechanical code as listed 
in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

(4) [M] 606.4 Change in refrigerant type. A change in the 
type of refrigerant in a refrigeration system shall be in accor- 
dance with the mechanical code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of 
the Administrative Code. 

(5) 606.5 Access. Refrigeration systems having a refrigerant 
circuit containing more than 220 pounds (100 kg) of Group Al 
or 30 pounds (14 kg) of any other group refrigerant shall be 



accessible to the fire department at all times as required by the 
fire code official. 

(6) 606.6 Testing of equipment. Refrigeration equipment and 
systems having a refrigerant circuit containing more than 220 
pounds (100 kg) of Group A 1 or 30 pounds (14 kg) of any other 
group refrigerant shall be subject to periodic testing in accor- 
dance -with paragraph (F)(6)(a)(606.6.1) of this rule. A written 
record of required testing shall be maintained on the premises. 
Tests of emergency devices or systems required by this rule 
shall be conducted by persons trained and qualified in refriger- 
ation systems. 

(a) 606.6.1 Periodic testing. The following emergency 
devices or systems shall be periodically tested in accor- 
dance with the manufacturer's instructions and as required 
by the fire code official. 

(i) Treatment and flaring systems. 

(ii) Valves and appurtenances necessary to the opera- 
tion of emergency refrigeration control boxes. 

(iii) Fans and associated equipment intended to operate 
emergency ventilation systems. 

(iv) Detection and alarm systems. 

(7) 606.7 Emergency signs. Refrigeration units or systems 
having a refrigerant circuit containing more than 220 pounds 
(100 kg) of Group A 1 or 30 pounds (14 kg) of any other group 
refrigerant shall be provided with approved emergency signs, 
charts and labels in accordance with ^fFPA 704 as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. Hazard signs shall be 
in accordance with the mechanical code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code for the classification 
of refrigerants listed therein. 

(8) 606.8 Refrigerant detector. Machinery rooms shall con- 
tain a refrigerant detector with an audible and visual alarm. The 
detector, or a sampling tube that draws air to the detector, shall 
be located in an area where refrigerant from a leak will concen- 
trate. The alarm shall be actuated at a value not greater than the 
corresponding TLV-TWA values shown in the mechanical 
code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code 
for the refrigerant classification. Detectors and alarms shall be 
placed in approved locations. 

(9) 606.9 Remote controls. Remote control of the mechanical 
equipment and appliances located in the machinery room shall 
be provided at an approved location immediately outside the 
machinery room and adjacent to its principal entrance. 

(a) 606.9.1 Refrigeration system. A clearly identified 
switch of the break-glass type shall provide off-only control 
of electrically energized equipment and appliances in the 
machinery room, other than refrigerant leak detectors and 
machinery room ventilation. 

Exception: In machinery rooms where only nonflam- 
mable refrigerants are used, electrical equipment and 
appliances, other than compressors, are not required to 
be provided with a cut-off switch. 

(b) 606.9.2 Ventilation system. A clearly identified switch 
of the break-glass type shall provide on-only control of the 
machinery room ventilation fans. 



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(10) 606.10 Emergency pressure control system. Refrigera- 
tion systems containing more than 6.6 pounds (3 kg) of flam- 
mable, toxic or highly toxic refrigerant or ammonia shall be 
provided with an emergency pressure control system in accor- 
dance with paragraphs (F)(10)(a)(606.10.1 ) and 
(F)(10)(b)(606.10.2) of this rule. 

(a) 606.10.1 Automatic crossover valves. Each high- and 
intermediate-pressure zone in a refrigeration system shall 
be provided with a single automatic valve providing a cross- 
over connection to a lower pressure zone. Automatic cross- 
over valves shall comply with paragraphs 
(F)(10)(a)(i)(606.10.1.1) to (F)(10)(a)(iii)(606.10.1.3) of 
this rule. 

(i) 606.10.1.1 Overpressure limit setpoint. Automatic 
crossover valves shall be arranged to automatically 
relieve excess system pressure to a lower pressure zone if 
the pressure in a high- or intermediate-pressure zone 
rises to within 15 psi (108.4 kPa) of the set point for 
emergency pressure-relief devices. 

(ii) 606.10.1.2 Manual operation. When required by 
the fire code official, automatic crossover valves shall be 
capable of manual operation. 

(iii) 606.10.1.3 System design pressure. Refrigeration 
system zones that are connected to a higher pressure 
zone by an automatic crossover valve shall be designed 
to safely contain the maximum pressure that can be 
achieved by interconnection of the two zones. 

(b) 606.10.2 Automatic emergency stop. An automatic 
emergency stop feature shall be provided in accordance 
with paragraphs (F)(10)(b)(i)(606.10.2.1) and 
(F)(10)(b)(ii)(606.10.2.2) of this rule. 

(i) 606.10.2.1 Operation of an automatic crossover 
valve. Operation of an automatic crossover valve shall 
cause all compressors on the effected system to immedi- 
ately stop. Dedicated pressure-sensing devices located 
immediately adjacent to crossover valves shall be per- 
mitted as a means for determining operation of a valve. 
To ensure that the automatic crossover valve system pro- 
vides a redundant means of stopping compressors in an 
overpressure condition, high-pressure cutout sensors 
associated with compressors shall not be used as a basis 
for determining operation of a crossover valve. 

(ii) 606.10.2.2 Overpressure in low-pressure zone. 

The lowest pressure zone in a refrigeration system shall 
be provided with a dedicated means of determining a rise 
in system pressure to within 15 psi (103.4 kPa) of the 
setpoint for emergency pressure-rehef devices. Activa- 
tion of the overpressure sensing device shall cause all 
compressors on the effected system to immediately stop. 

(11) 606.11 Storage, use and handling. Flammable and com- 
bustible materials shall not be stored in machinery rooms for 
refrigeration systems having a refrigerant circuit containing 
more than 220 pounds (100 kg) of Group A 1 or 30 pounds (14 
kg) of any other group refrigerant. Storage, use or handling of 
extra refrigerant or refrigerant oils shall be as required by rule 
1301:7-7-27, rule 1301:7-7-30, rule 1301:7-7-32 and rule 
1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code. 



Exception: This provision shall not apply to spare parts, 
tools, and incidental materials necessary for the safe and 
proper operation and maintenance of the system. 

(12) 606.12 Termination of relief devices. Pressure relief | 
devices, fusible plugs and purge systems for refrigeration sys- 
tems containing more than 6.6 pounds (3 kg) of flammable, 
toxic or highly toxic refrigerants shall be provided with an 
approved discharge system as required by paragraphs 
(F)(12)(a)(606.12.1), (F)(12)(b)(606.12.2) and 
(F)(12)(c)(606.12.3) of this rule. Discharge piping and devices 
connected to the discharge side of a fusible plug or rupture 
member shall have provisions to prevent plugging the pipe in 
the event of the fusible plug or rupture member functions. 

(a) 606.12.1 Flammable refrigerants. Systems containing I 
flammable refrigerants having a density equal to or greater 
than the density of air shall discharge vapor to the atmo- 
sphere only through an approved treatment system in accor- 
dance •with paragraph (F)(12)(d)(606.12.4) of this rule or a 
flaring system in accordance with paragraph 
(F)(12)(e)(606.12.5) of this rule. Systems containing flam- 
mable refrigerants having a density of less than the density 
of air shall be permitted to discharge vapor to the atmo- 
sphere provided that the point of discharge is located out- 
side of the structure at not less than 1 5 feet (4572 mm) above 
the adjoining grade level and not less than 20 feet (6096 
nmi) from any window, ventilation opening or exit. 

(b) 606.12.2 Toxic and highly toxic refrigerants. Sys- I 
tems containing toxic or highly toxic refrigerants shall dis- 
charge vapor to the atmosphere only through an approved 
treatment system in accordance with paragraph 
(F)(12)(d)(606.12.4) of this rule or a flaring system in I 
accordance -with paragraph (F)(12)(e)(606.12.5) of this \ 
rule. 

(c) 606.12.3 Ammonia refrigerant. Systems containing I 
ammonia refrigerant shall discharge vapor to die atmo- 
sphere through an approved treatment system in accordance 
•with paragraph (F)(12)(d)(606.12.4) of this rule, a flaring I 
system in accordance withparagraph (F)(12)(e)(606.12.5) | 
of this rule, or through an approved ammonia diffusion sys- 
tem in accordance with paragraph (F)(12)(f)(606.12.6) of I 
this rule, or by other approved means. 

Exceptions: 

1 . Ammonia/water absorption systems containing less 
than 22 pounds (10 kg) of ammonia and for which 
the ammonia circuit is located entirely outdoors. 

2. When the fire code official determines, on review 
of an engineering analysis prepared in accordance 
with paragraph (D)(7)(b)(104.7.2) of rule 
1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code, that a 
fire, health or environmental hazard would not 
result from discharging ammonia directly to the 
atmosphere. 

(d) 606.12.4 Treatment systems. Treatment systems shall be | 
designed to reduce the allowable discharge concentration of 
the refrigerant gas to not more than 50 per cent of the IDLH at 
the point of exhaust. Treatment systems shall be in accor- 
dance with rule 1301:7-7-37 of the Administrative Code. 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



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I (e) 606.12.5 Flaring systems. Flaring systems for incmera- 
tion of flammable refrigerants shall be designed to inciner- 
ate the entire discharge. The products of refrigerant 
incineration shall not pose health or environmental hazards. 
Incineration shall be automatic upon initiation of discharge, 
shall be designed to prevent blowback, and shall not expose 
structures or materials to threat of fixe. Standby fuel, such as 
LP gas, and standby power shall have the capacity to operate 
for one and one-half the required time for complete inciner- 
ation of refrigerant in the system. 

I (f) 606. 12.6 Ammonia diffusion systems. Ammonia diffu- 
sion systems shall include a tank containing 1 gallon of 
water for each pound of ammonia (4 L of water for each 1 kg 
of ammonia) that will be released in 1 hour from the largest 
relief device connected to the discharge pipe. The water 
shall be prevented from freezing. The discharge pipe from 
the pressure relief device shall distribute ammonia in the 
bottom of the tank, but no lower than 33 feet (10 058 mm) 
below the maximum liquid level. The tank shall contain the 
volume of water and ammonia without overflowing. 

I (13) 606.13 Discharge location for refrigeration machinery 
room ventilation. Exhaust from mechanical ventilation sys- 
tems serving refrigeration machinery rooms capable of 
exceeding 25 per cent of the LFL or 50 per cent of the IDLH 
shall be equipped with approved treatment systems to reduce 
the discharge concentrations of flammable, toxic or highly 
toxic refrigerants to those values or lower. 

I (14) 606.14 Notification of refrigerant discharges. The fire 
code official shall be notified immediately when a discharge 
becomes reportable under state, federal or local regulations in 
accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(2703.3J) of rule 
1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code. 

I (15) 606. 15 Records. A written record shall be kept of refriger- 
ant quantities brought into and removed from tihe premises. 
Such records shall be available to the fire code official. 

I (16) 606.16 Electrical equipment. Where refrigerants of 
Groups A2, A3, B2, and B3, as defined in the mechanical code 
as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code, are 
used, refrigeration machinery rooms shall conform to the Class 
I, Division 2 hazardous location classification requirements of 
the building code andNFPA 70 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of 
the Administrative Code. 

Exception: Ammonia machinery rooms that are provided 
with ventilation in accordance with Section 1 106.3 of the 
mechanical code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Admin- 
istrative Code. 



^Q^ §EQ1"I0H 607 
ELEVATOR RECALL AND MAINTENANCE 

(1) 607.1 Required. Existing elevators with a travel distance of 
25 feet (7620 mm) or more above or below the main floor or 
other level of a building and intended to serve the needs of 
emergency personnel for fire-fighting or rescue purposes shall 
be provided with emergency operation in accordance with 
ASME A17.3 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administra- 
tive Code. New elevators shall be provided with Phase I emer- 
gency recall operation and Phase 11 emergency in-car operation 



in accordance with ASME A17. 1 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 
of the Administrative Code. 

(2) [B] 607.2 Emergency signs. An approved pictorial sign of 
a standardized design shall be posted adjacent to each elevator 
caJl station on all floors instructing occupants to use the exit 
stairways and not to use the elevators in case of fire. The sign 
shall read: "IN FIRE EMERGENCY, DO NOT USE ELEVA- 
TOR. USE EXIT STAIRS." The emergency sign shall not be 
required for elevators that are part of an accessible means of 
egress complying with paragraph (G)(4)( 1007.4) of rule 
1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code. 

(3) 607.3 Elevator keys. Keys for the elevator car doors and 
fire-fighter service keys shall be kept in an approved location 
for immediate use by the fire department. 



(H) SECTION 608 
STATIONARY STORAGE BATTERY SYSTEMS 

(1) 608.1 Scope. Stationary storage battery systems having an 
electrolyte capacity of more than 50 gallons ( 1 89 L) for flooded 
lead acid, nickel cadmium (Ni-Cd) and valve-regulated lead 
acid (VRLA), or 1,000 pounds (454 kg) for lithium-ion, used 
for facility standby power, emergency power, or uninterrupted 
power supplies shall comply with this paragraph and Table 
608.1 of this rule. 

(2) 608.2 Safety caps. Safety caps for stationary storage bat- 
tery systems shall comply with paragraphs (H)(2}(a}(608.2.1) 
and (H)(2)(b)(608.2.2) of this rule. 

(a) 608.2.1 Nonrecombinant batteries. Vented lead acid, 
nickel-cadmium or other types of nonrecombinant batteries 
shall be provided with safety venting caps. 

(b) 608.2.2 Recombinant batteries. VRLA batteries shall 
be equipped with self-reseaUng flame-airesting safety 
vents. 

(3) 608.3 Thermal runaway. VRLA battery systems shall be 
provided with a listed device or other approved method to pre- 
clude, detect and control thermal runaway. 

(4) 608.4 Room design and construction. Enclosure of sta- 
tionary battery systems shall comply with the building code as 
listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. Battery 
systems shaU be allowed to be in the same room with the equip- 
ment they support. 

(a) 608.4.1 Separate rooms. When stationary batteries are 
installed in a separate equipment room accessible only to 
authorized personnel, they shall be permitted to be installed 
on an open rack for ease of maintenance, 

(b) 608.4.2 Occupied work centers. When a system of 
VRLA, lithium-ion, orother type of sealed, nonventingbat- 
teries is situated in an occupied work center, it shall be 
allowed to be housed in a noncombustible cabinet or other 
enclosure to prevent access by unauthorized personnel. 

(c) 608.4.3 Cabinets. When stationary batteries are con- 
tained in cabinets in occupied work centers, the cabinet 
enclosures shall be located within 10 feet (3048 mm) of the 
equipment that they support. 



74 



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TABLE 608.1 
BATTERY REQUIREMENTS 



REQUIREMENT 


NONRECOMBINANT BATTERIES 


RECOIUBINANT BATTERIES 


Flooded lead acid 
batteries 


Flooded nickel-cadmium 
(Ni-Cd) batteries 


Valve regulated lead acid (VRLA) 
batteries 


Lithium-ion 
batteries 


Safety 
caps 


Venting caps 

(paragraph (H)(2)(a)(608.2.1) 

of this rule) 


Venting caps 

(paragraph (H)(2)(a)(608.2.1) 

of this rule) 


Self-resealing 

flame-arresting caps 

(paragraph (H)(2)(b)(608.2.2) 

of this rule) 


No caps 


Thermal 
runaway 
management 


Not required 


Not required 


Required 

(paragraph (H)(3)(608.3) 

of this rule) 


Not required 


Spill 
control 


Required 

(paragraph (H)(5)(608.5) of 

this rule) 


Required 

(paragraph (H)(5)(608.5) of 

this rule) 


Not required 


Not required 


Neutralization 


Required 

(paragraph (H)(5)(a)(608.5.1) 

of this rule) 


Required 

(paragraph (H)(5)(a)(608.5.1) 

of this rule) 


Required 

(paragraph (H)(5)(b)(608.5.2) 

of this rule) 


Not required 


Ventilation 


Required 

(paragraphs 

(H)(6)(a)(608.6.1); 

(H)(6)(b)(608.6.2) of this rule) 


Required 

(paragraphs 

(H)(6)(a)(608.6.1); 

(H)(6)(b)(608.6.2) of this rule) 


Required 

(paragraphs 

(H)(6)(a)(608.6.1); 

(H)(6)(b)(608.6.2) of this rule) 


Not required 


Signage 


Required 

(paragraph (H)(7)(608.7) of 

this rule) 


Required 

(paragraph (H)(7)(608.7) of 

this rule) 


Required 

(paragraph (H)(7)(608.7) 

of this rule) 


Required 

(paragraph (H)(7)(608.7) 

of this rule) 


Seismic 
protection 


Required 

(paragraph (H)(8)(608.8) of 

this rule) 


Required 

(paragraph (H)(8)(608.8) of 

this rule) 


Required 

(paragraph (H)(8)(608.8) 

of this rule) 


Required 

(paragraph (H)(8)(608.8) 

of this rule) 


Smoke 
detection 


Required 

(paragraph (H)(9)(608.9) of 

this rule) 


Required 

(paragraph (H)(9)(608.9) of 

this rule) 


Required 

(paragraph (H)(9)(608.9) 

of this rule) 


Required 

(paragraph (H)(9)(608.9) 

of this rule) 



(5) 608.5 Spill control and neutralization. An approved 
method and materials for the control and neutralization of a 
spill of electrolyte shall be provided in areas containing 
lead-acid, nickel-cadmium or other types of batteries with 
free-flowing liquid electrolyte. For purposes of this paragraph, 
a "spill" is defined as any unintentional release of electrolyte. 

Exception: VRLA, lithium-ion or other types of sealed bat- 
teries with immobilized electrolyte shall not require spill 
control. 

(a) 608.5.1 Nonrecombinant battery neutralization. For 

battery systems containing lead-acid, nickel-cadmium or 
other types of batteries with free-flowing electrolyte, the 
method and materials shall be capable of neutralizing a spill 
from the largest lead-acid battery to a pH between 7.0 and 
9.0. 

(b) 608.5.2 Recombinant battery neutralization. For 
VRLA or other types of sealed batteries with inunobilized 
electrolyte, the method and material shall be capable of neu- 
tralizing a spill of 3 per cent of the capacity of the largest 
VRLA cell or block in the room to a pH between 7 .0 and 9.0. 

Exception: Lithium-ion batteries shall not require neu- 
tralization. 

2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



(6) 608.6 Ventilation. Ventilation of stationary and storage 
battery systems shall comply with paragraphs 
(H)(6)(a)(608.6.1) and (H)(6)(b)(608.6.2) of this rule. 

(a) 608.6.1 Room ventilation. Ventilation shall be provided 
in accordance with the mechanical code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code and the following: 

(i) For flooded lead acid, flooded nickel-cadmium, and 
VRLA batteries, the ventilation system shall be designed 
to limit the maximum concentration of hydrogen to 1 per 
cent of the total volume of the room; or 

(ii) Continuous ventilation shall be provided at a rate 
of not less than 1 cubic foot per minute per square foot 
[1 ftVmin/ft^orO.OOSl mV(s • m^)] of floor area of the 
room. 

Exception: Lithium-ion batteries shall not require venti- 
lation. 

(b) 608.6.2 Cabinet ventilation. When VRLA batteries are 
installed inside a cabinet, the cabinet shall be approved for 
use in occupied spaces and shall be mechanically or natu- 
rally vented by one of the following methods: 



75 



BUILDING SERVICES AND SYSTEMS 



(i) The cabinet ventilation shall limit the maximum con- 
centration of hydrogen to 1 per cent of the total volume of 
the cabinet during the worst-case event of simultaneous 
"boost" charging of all the batteries in the cabinet; or 

(ii) When calculations are not available to substantiate 
the ventilation rate, continuous ventilation shall be pro- 
vided at a rate of not less than 1 cubic foot per minute per 
square foot [1 ftVmin/ft^ or 0.0051 m¥(s • m^)] of the 
floor area covered by the cabinet. The room in which the 
cabinet is installed shall also be ventilated as required in 
paragraph (H)(6)(a)(608.6.1) of this rule. 

(7) 608.7 Signage. Signs shall comply with paragraphs 
(H)(7)(a)(608.7.1) and (H)(7)(b)(608.7.2) of this rule. 

(a) 608.7.1 Equipment room and building signage. Doors 
into electrical equipment rooms or buildings containing sta- 
tionary battery systems shall be provided with approved 
signs. The signs shall state that: 

(i) The room contains energized battery systems. 

(ii) The room contains energized electrical circuits. 

(iii) The battery electrolyte solutions, where present, are 
corrosive liquids. 

(b) 608.7.2 Cabinet signage. Cabinets shall have exterior 
labels that identify the manufacturer and model number of 
the system and electrical rating (voltage and current) of the 
contained battery system. There shall be signs within the 
cabinet that indicate the relevant electrical, chemical and 
fire hazards. 

(8) 608.8 Seismic protection. The battery systems shall be 
seismically braced in accordance with the building code as 
listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

(9) 608.9 Smoke detection. An approved automatic smoke 
detection system shall be installed in accordance with para- 
graph (G)(2)(907.2) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative 
Code in rooms containing stationary battery systems. 



(I) [M] SECTION 609 
COMMERCIAL KITCHEN HOODS 

(1) [M] 609.1 General. Commercial kitchen exhaust hoods 
shall comply with the requirements of the mechanical code as 
listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

(2) [M] 609.2 Where required. A Type I hood shall be 
installed at or above all commercial cooking appliances and 
domestic cooking appliances used for commercial purposes 
that produce grease vapors. 



Effective Date: July 1, 2007 

Prior Effective Dates: 7/1/79; 6/1/85; 6/15/92; 7/1/93; 9/1/95; 
3/30/98; 1/3/00; 9/1905 

76 2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



OHIO ADMINISTRATIVE CODE 1301:7-7-07 

FIRE-RESISTANCE-RATED CONSTRUCTION 



(A) SECTION 701 
GENERAL 

(1) 701.1 Scope. The provisions of this rule shall specify the 
requirements for and the maintenance of fire-resistance-rated 
construction and requirements for enclosing floor openings 
and shafts in existing buildings. New construction shall comply 
with the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the 
Administrative Code. 



(B) SECTION 702 
DEFINITIONS 

(1) 702.1 Terms defined in rule 1301:7-7-02 of the Adminis- 
trative Code. Words and terms used in this rule and defined in 
rule 1301:7-7-02 of the Administrative Code shall have the 
meanings ascribed to them as defined therein. 



(C) SECTION 703 
FIRE-RESISTANCE-RATED CONSTRUCTION 

(1) 703.1 Maintenance. The required fire-resistance rating of 
fire-resistance-rated construction (including walls, fire stops, 
shaft enclosures, partitions, smoke barriers, floors, fire-resis- 
tive coatings and sprayed fire-resistant materials applied to 
structural members and fire-resistant joint systems) shall be 
maintained. Such elements shall be properly repaired, restored 
or replaced when damaged, altered, breached or penetrated. 
Openings made therein for the passage of pipes, electrical con- 
duit, wires, ducts, air transfer openings, and holes made for any 
reason shall be protected with approved methods capable of 
resisting the passage of smoke and fire. Openings through 
fire-resistance-rated assemblies shall be protected by self-clos- 
ing or automatic-closing doors of approved construction meet- 
ing the fire protection requirements for the assembly. 

(a) 703.1.1 Fireblocking and draftstopping. Required 
fireblocking and draftstopping in combustible concealed 
spaces shall be maintained to provide continuity and integ- 
rity of the construction. 

(b) 703.1.2 Smoke barriers. Required smoke barriers shall 
be maintained to prevent the passage of smoke and all open- 
ings protected with approved smoke barrier doors or smoke 
dampers. 

(2) 703.2 Opening protectives. Opening protectives shall be 
maintained in an operative condition in accordance with NFPA 
80 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 
Fire doors and smoke barrier doors shall not be blocked or 
obstructed or otherwise made inoperable. Fusible links shall be 
replaced promptly whenever fused or damaged. Fire door 
assemblies shall not be modified. 



(a) 703.2.1 Signs. Where required by the fire code official, a 
sign shall be permanently displayed on or near each fire 
door in letters not less than 1 inch (25 mm) high to read as 
follows: 

(i) For doors designed to be kept normally open: "FIRE 
DOOR-DO NOT BLOCK." 

(ii) For doors designed to be kept normally closed: 
"FIRE DOOR-KEEP CLOSED." 

(b) 703.2.2 Hold-open devices and closers. Hold-open 
devices and automatic door closers, where provided, shall 
be maintained. During the period that such device is out of 
service for repairs, the door it operates shall remain in the 
closed position. 

(c) 703.2.3 Door operation. Swinging fire doors shaU close 
from the full-open position and latch automatically. The 
door closer shall exert enough force to close and latch the 
door from any partially open position. 

(3) 703.3 Ceilings. The hanging and displaying of salable 
goods and other decorative materials from acoustical ceiling 
systems that are part of a fire-resistance-rated floor/ceiling or 
roof/ceiling assembly, shall be prohibited. 

(4) 703.4 Testing. Horizontal and vertical sliding and rolling 
fire doors shall be inspected and tested annually to confirm 
proper operation and fiiU closure. A written record shall be 
maintained and be available to the fire code official. 



(D) SECTION 704 
FLOOR OPENINGS AND SHAFTS 

(1) 704.1 Enclosure. Interior vertical shafts, including but not 
limited to stairways, elevator hoistways, service and utility 
shafts, that connect two or more stories of a building shall be 
enclosed or protected as specified in Table 704. 1 oithis rule. 

(2) 704.2 Opening protectives. When openings are required to 
be protected, opening protectives shall be maintained self-clos- 
ing or automatic-closing by smoke detection. Existing fiis- 
ible-link-type automatic door-closing devices are permitted if 
the fusible link rating does not exceed 135°F (57°C). 

Effective Date: July 1, 2007 

Prior Effective Dates: 7/1/79; 6/1/85; 6/15/92; 7/1/93; 9/1/95; 
1/9/98; 11/20/98; 9/1/05 



II 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



77 



FIRE-RESISTANCE-RATED CONSTRUCTION 



TABLE 704.1 
VERTICAL OPENING PROTECTION REQUIRED 



OCCUPANCY 
CLASSIFICATION 


CONDITIONS 


PROTECTION REQUIRED 


Group I 


Vertical openings connecting two or more stories 


1-hour protection 


All, other than Group I 


Vertical openings connecting two stories 


No protection required^' '' 


All, other than Group I 


Vertical openings connecting three to five stories 


1-hour protection or automatic sprinklers tliroughout^ ^ 


All, other than Group I 


Vertical openings connecting more than five stories 


1-hour protection^' '' 


All 


Mezzanines open to the floor below 


No protection required^' '' 


All, other than Group I 


Atriums and covered mall buildings 


1-hour protection or automatic sprinklers throughout 


All, other than Groups 
BandM 


Escalator openings connecting four or less stories in a 
sprinklered building. Openings must be protected by a 
(i-afl curtain and closely spaced sprinklers in accordance 
with NFPA 13 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the 
Administrative Code. 


No protection required 


Group B and M 


Escalator openings in a sprinklered building protected by 
a draft curtain and closely spaced sprinklers in accordance 
with hfFPA 13 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the 
Administrative Code. 


No protection required 



a. Vertical opening protection is not required for Group R-3 occupancies. 

b. Vertical opening protection is not required for open parking g^ages and ramps. 



78 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



OHIO ADMINISTRATIVE CODE 1301:7-7-08 

INTERIOR FINISH, DECORATIVE MATERIALS AND FURNISHINGS 



(A) SECTION 801 
GENERAL 

(1) 801.1 Scope. The provisions of this chapter shall govern the 
interior finish, interior trim, furniture, furnishings, decorative 
materials and decorative vegetation in buildings. Paragraph 
(C)(803) of this rule shall be applicable to existing buildings. 
Paragraphs (D)(804) to (H)(808) of this rule shall be applica- 
ble to new and existing buildings. 



(B) SECTION 802 
DEFINITIONS 

(1) 802.1 Terms defined in rule 1301:7-7-02 of the Adminis- 
trative Code. Words and terms used in this rule and defined in 
rule 1301:7-7-02 of the Administrative Code shall have the 
meanings ascribed to them as defined therein. 

(2) 802.2 Terms used for paragraph (E)(4)(805.4) of this rule. 

The following words take on exclusive meanings as used in 
paragraph (E)(4)(805.4) of this rule only, pursuant to section 
3737.841 of the Revised Code. 

"Filling material." Means cotton, wool, kapok, feathers, 
down, hair, liquid, or any other natural or manmade material 
or substance that is used or can be used for stuffing in seating 
furniture. 

"Public occupancy." Means all of the following: 

1. Any state correctional institution as defined in section 
2967.01 of the Revised Code and any county, 
multicounty, municipal, or municipal-county jail or 
workhouse; 

2. Any hospital as defined in section 3 72 7. 01 of the Revised 
Code, any hospital licensed by the department of mental 
health under section 5119.20 of the Revised Code, and 
any institution, hospital, or other place established, con- 
trolled, or supervised by the department of mental health 
under Chapter 5119. of the Revised Code; 

3. Any nursing home, residential care facility, or home for 
the aging as defined in section 3721.01 of the Revised 
Code and any adult care facility as defined in section 
3722.01 of the Revised Code; 

4. Any child day-care center and any type A family 
day-care home as defined in section 5104.01 of the 
Revised Code; 

5. Any public auditorium or stadium; 

6. Public assembly areas of hotels and motels containing 
more than ten articles of seating furniture. 

"Seating furniture." Includes the cushions or pillows belong- 
ing to or forming apart of the furniture, the structural unit, and 
the filling material and its container or covering, and any arti- 
cle of furniture, including children 's furniture that can be used 
as a support for an individual, or their limbs or feet, when sit- 



ting or resting in an upright or reclining position and that 
either: 

1. Is made with loose or attached cushions or pillows; 

2. Is stuffed or filled in whole or in part with any filling 
material; 

3. Is or can be stuffed or filled in whole or in part with any 
substance or material, concealed by fabric or any other 
covering. 

Seating furniture does not include, except if intended for use 
by children or in facilities designed for the care or treatment of 
humans, any of the following: 

1. Cushions or pads intended solely for outdoor use; 

2. Any article with a smooth surface that contains no more 
than one-half inch of filling material, if that article does 
not have an upholstered horizontal surface meeting an 
upholstered vertical surface; and 

3. Any article manufactured solely for recreational use or 
physical fitness purposes, including weight-lifting 
benches, gymnasium mats or pads, and sidehorses. 

"Sell." Includes sell, offer, or expose for sale, barter, trade, 
deliver, giveaway, rent, consign, lease, possess for sale, or dis- 
pose of in any other commercial manner. 



(C) SECTION 803 

INTERIOR WALL AND CEILING FINISH AND 

TRIM IN EXISTING BUILDINGS 

(1) 803.1 General. The provisions of this section shall limit the 
allowable flame spread shall limit the allowable flame spread 
and smoke development of interior wall and ceiling finishes 
and interior wall and ceiling trim in existing buildings based on 
location and occupancy classification. Interior wall and ceiling 
finishes shall be classified in accordance with Section 803 of 
the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Adminis- 
trative Code. Such materials shall be grouped in accordance 
with ASTM E 84 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Adminis- 
trative Code, as indicated in paragraph (C)(l)(a)(803.1.1) of 
this rule, or in accordance with NFPA 286 as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code, as indicated in para- 
graph (C)(l)(b)(803.1.2) of this rule. 

Exceptions: 

1 . Materials having a thickness less than 0.036 inch (0.9 
mm) applied directly to the surface of walls and ceil- 
ings. 

2. Exposed portions of structural members complying 
with the requirements of buildings of Type IV con- 
struction in accordance with the building code as 
listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code 
shall not be subject to interior finish requirements. 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



79 



INTERIOR FINISH. DECORATIVE MATERIALS AND FURNISHINGS 



(a) 803.1.1 Classification in accordance with ASTM E 84 
as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

Interior finish materials shall be grouped in the following 
classes in accordance with their flame spread and 
smoke-developed index when tested in accordance with 
ASTM E 84 as listed in rule 1 301 : 7- 7-45 of the Administra- 
tive Code, 

(i) Class A: flame spread index 0-25; smoke-developed 
index 0-450. 

(ii) Class B: flame spread index 26-75; smoke-developed 
index 0-450. 

(iii) Class C: flame spread index 76-200; smoke-devel- 
oped index 0-450. 

(b) 803.1.2 Classification in accordance with NFPA 286 
as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

Interior wall or ceiling finishes, other than textiles, shall be 
allowed to be tested in accordance with NFPA 286 as listed 
in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. Finishes 
tested in accordance with NFPA 286 as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code shall comply with 
paragraph (C)(l)(b)(i)(803. 1.2.1) of this rule. Interior wall 
and ceiling finish materials, other than textiles, tested in 
accordance with NFPA 286 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of 
the Administrative Code and meeting the acceptance criteria 
of paragraph (C)(l)(b)(i)(803. 1.2.1) of this rule, shall be 
allowed to be used where a Class A classification in accor- 
dance with ASTM E 84 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the 
Administrative Code is required. 

(i) 803.1,2.1 Acceptance criteria for interior finish 
materia! tested to NFPA 286 as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. During the 40 
kW exposure, the interior finish shall comply with para- 
graph (a) of this rule. During the 160 kW exposure, the 
interior finish shall comply with paragraph (b) of this 
rule. During the entire test, the interior finish shall com- 
ply with paragraph (c) of this rule. 

(a) During the 40 kW exposure, flames shall not 
spread to the ceiling. 

(b) During the 160 kW exposure, the interior finish 
shall comply with the following: 

(i) Flame shall not spread to the outer extremity of 
the sample on any wall or ceiling. 

(ii) Flashover, as defined in NFPA 286 as listed in 
rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code, shall 
not occur. 

(c) The total smoke released throughout the NFPA 
286 test as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Adminis- 
trative Code shall not exceed 1,000 m^. 

(2) 803.2 Stability. Interior finish materials regulated by this 
rule shall be applied or otherwise fastened in such a manner 
that such materials will not readily become detached where 
subjected to room temperatures of 200°F (93°C) for not less 
than 30 minutes. 

(3) 803.3 Interior finish requirements based on occupancy. 

Interior wall and ceihng finish shall have a flame spread index 
not greater than that specified in Table 803.3 of this rule for the 
group and location designated. 



(4) 803.4 Fire-retardant coatings. The required flame spread 
or smoke-developed index of surfaces in existing buildings 
shall be allowed to be achieved by application of approved 
fire-retardant coatings, paints or solutions to surfaces having a 
flame spread index exceeding that allowed. Such applications 
shall comply with NFPA 703 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of 
the Administrative Code and the required fire-retardant proper- 
ties shaU be maintained or renewed in accordance with the 
manufacturer's instructions. 

(5) 803.5 Textiles. Where used as interior wall or ceiling finish 
materials, textiles, including materials having woven or 
nonwoven, napped, tufted, looped or similar surface, shall 
comply with the requirements of this paragraph. 

(a) 803.5.1 TextUe wall coverings. Textile wall coverings 
shall comply with one of the following: 

(i) The coverings shall have a Class A flame spread 
index in accordance with ASTM E 84 as listed in 
rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code and 
be protected by automatic sprinklers installed in 
accordance wiihparagraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) 
or (C)(3)(a)(ii)(903.3,1.2) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of 
the Administrative Code, 

(ii) The covering shall meet the criteria of paragraph 
(C)(5)(a)(i)(803.5.1.1) or (C)(5)(a)(ii)(803.51.2) 
of this rule when tested in the manner intended for 
use in accordance with NFPA 265 as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code using the 
product-mounting system, including adhesive, of 
actual use, or 

(iii) The covering shall meet the criteria of paragraph 
(C)(l)(b)(i)(803. 1.2.1) of this rule when tested in 
accordance with NFPA 286 as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code using the 
product-mounting system, including adhesive, of 
actual use. 

(a) 803.5.1.1 Method A test protocol. During the 
Method A protocol, flame shall not spread to the ceiling 
during the 40 kW exposure. During the 150 kW expo- 
sure, the textile wall covering shall comply with all of the 
following: 

(i) Flame shall not spread to the outer extremity of 
the same on the 8-foot by 12-foot (203 mm by 
305 mm) wall. 

(ii) The specimen shall not bum to die outer extrem- 
ity of the 2-foot- wid (610 mm) samples mounted 
in the comer of the room. 

(iii) Burning droplets deemed capable of igniting tex- 
tile wall coverings or that bum for 30 seconds or 
more shall not form. 

(iv) Flashover, as defined in NFPA 265 as listed in 
rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code, 
shall not occur. 

(v) The maximum net instantaneous peak heat 
release rate, determined by subtracting the 
burner output from the maximum heat release 
rate, does not exceed 300 kW. 



80 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



INTERIOR FINISH, DECORATIVE MATERIALS AND FURNISHINGS 



TABLE 803.3 
INTERIOR WALL AND CEILING FINISH REQUIREMENTS BY OCCUPANCY" 



GROUP 


SPRINKLERED' 


NONSPRINKLERED 


Exit enclosures and exit 
passageways^''' 


Corridors 


Rooms and 
enclosed spaces^ 


Exit enclosures and exit 
passageways^'" 


Corridors 


Rooms and 
enclosed spaces*^ 


A-1 & A-2 


B 


B 


C 


A 


A'' 


B'^ 


A-3f, A-4, A-5 


B 


B 


C 


A 


A^ 


C 


B,E,MR-l,R-4 


B 


C 


C 


A 


B 


C 


F 


C 


C 


C 


B 


C 


c 


H 


B 


B 


a 


A 


A 


B 


I-l 


B 


C 


C 


A 


B 


B 


1-2 


B 


B 


Bh,i 


A 


A 


B 


1-3 


A 


AJ 


C 


A 


A 


B 


1-4 


B 


B 


Bh.i 


A 


A 


B 


R-2 


C 


C 


c 


B 


B 


C 


R-3 


C 


C 


c 


C 


C 


C 


S 


C 


C 


c 


B 


B 


C 


U 


No restrictions 


No restrictions 



For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 square foot = 0.0929 m^. 

a. Class C interior finish materials shall be allowed for wainscoting or paneling of not more than 1 ,000 squaK feet of applied surface area in the grade lobby where 
applied directly to a noncombustible base or over furring strips appHed to a noncombustible base and firebloclced as required by Section 803 .4 of the building code 
as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

b. In exit enclosures of buildings less than three stories in height of other than Group 1-3, Class B interior finish for nonsprinklered buildings and Class C for 
sprinklered buildings shall be permitted. 

c. Requirements for rooms and enclosed spaces shall be based upon spaces enclosed by partitions. Where a fire-resistance rating is required for structural elements, 

spaces on both sides shall be considered as one. In determining the applicable requirements for rooms and enclosed spaces, the specific occupancy thereof shall be 
the governing factor regardless of flie group classification of the building or structure. 

d. Lobby areas in Group A-1, A-2 and A-3 occupancies shall not be less than Class B materials, 

e. Class C interior finish materials shall be allowed in Group A occupancies with an occupant load of 300 persons or less. 

f . In places of rehgious worship, wood used for ornamental purposes, trusses, paneling or chancel furnishing shall be allowed. 

g. Class B material is required where the hulding exceeds two stories. 

h. Class C Ulterior finish materials shall be allowed in administrative spaces. 
i. Class C interior finish materials shall be allowed in rooms with a capacity of four persons or less. 
j. Class B materials shall be allowed as wainscoting extending not more than 48 inches above the finished floor in corridors, 
k. Finish materials as provided for in other paragraphs' of this code. 

1. Applies when the vertical exits, exit passageways, corridors or rooms and spaces are protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed m accordance 
Withparagraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.I.I) or (C)(3)(a)(ii)(903.3.J.2)ofrule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administmtive Code. 



(b) 803.5.1.2 Method B test protocol. During the 
Method B protocol, flames shall not spread to the ceiling 
at any time during the 40 kW exposure. During the 150 
kW exposure, the textile wall covering shall comply with 
the following: 

(i) Flame shall not spread to the outer extremities of 
the samples on the 8-foot by 12-foot (203 mm by 
305 mm) walls. 

(ii)Flashover, as defined in NFPA 265 as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administmtive Code, shall not 
occur. 

(6) 803.6 Expanded vinyl wall or ceiling coverings. 

Expanded vinyl wall or ceiling coverings shall comply with the 
requirements of either paragraph (C)(6)(a)(803,6.1) or 
(C)(6)(b)(803.6.2) of this rule. 

(a) 803.6.1 General. Expanded vinyl wall or ceiling 
coverings shall comply with the requirements of paragraph 
(C)(})(b)(S03.L2)ofthisrule.Expm6tdwixiylwmoTCcmg 



coverings complying vj'iih paragraph (C)(l)(b)(803J.2) of 
this rule shall not be required to comply with paragraph 
(C)(J)(a}(803JJ) of this rule. 

(b) 803.6.2 Compliance alternative. Expanded vinyl wall 
or ceiling coverings shall be allowed to comply with the 
requirements for textile wall or ceiling coverings in para- 
graph (C)(5)(803.5) of this rule. 

(7) 803.7 Foam plastic materials. Foam plastic materials shall 
not be used as interior wall and ceiling finish unless specifically 
allowed by paragraph (C)(7)(a)(803.7.1 ) or 
(C)(7)(b)(803. 7.2) of this rule. Foam plastic materials shall not 
be used as interior trim unless specifically aUowed by para- 
graph (C)(7}(c)(803.7.3) of this rule. 

(a) 803.7.1 CombustibiUty characteristics. Foam plastic 
materials shall be allowed on the basis of fire tests that sub- 
stantiate their combustibility characteristics for the use 
intended under actual fire conditions, as indicated in Section 
2603.9 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of 
the Administrative Code. This paragraph shall apply both to 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



81 



INTERIOR FINISH, DECORATIVE MATERIALS AND FURNISHINGS 



exposed foam plastics and to foam plastics used in conjunc- 
tion with a textile or vinyl facing or cover. 

(b) 803.7.2 Thermal barrier. Foam plastic material shall be 
allowed if it is separated from the interior of the building by 
a thermal barrier in accordance with Section 2603.4 of the 
building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Adminis- 
trative Code. 

(c) 803.7.3 Trim. Foam plastic shall be allowed for trim not 
in excess of 10 per cent of the wall or ceiling area, provided 
such trim is not less than 20 pounds per cubic foot (320 
kg/m^) in density; is limited to 0.5 inch (12.7 mm) in thick- 
ness and 8 inches (203 mm) in width, and exhibits a flame 
spread index not exceeding 75 when tested in accordance 
with ASTM E 84 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Admin- 
istrative Code. The smoke-developed index shall not be lim- 
ited. 



(D) SECTION 804 

INTERIOR WALL AND CEILING TRIM 

IN NEW AND EXISTING BUILDINGS 

(1) 804.1 Interior trim. Material, other than foam plastic, used 
as interior trim shall have a minimum Class C flame spread and 
smoke-developed index, when tested in accordance with 
ASTM E 84 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative 
Code, as described in paragraph (C)(l)(a)(803.1.1) of this 
rule. Combustible trim, excluding handrails and guardrails, 
shall not exceed 10 per cent of the aggregate wall or ceiling area 
in which it is located. 

(2) 804.2 Foam plastic. Foam plastic used as interior trim 
shall comply with paragraphs (D)(2)(a)(804.2.1) to 
(D)(2)(d)(804.2.4) of this rule. 

(a) 804.2.1 Density. The minimum density of the interior 
trim shall be 20 pounds per cubic foot (320 kg/m^). 

(b) 804.2.2 Thickness. The maximum thickness of the inte- 
rior trim shall be 0.5 inch (12.7 mm) and the maximum 
width shall be 8 inches (203 mm). 

(c) 804.2.3 Area limitation. The interior trim shall not con- 
stitute more than 10 per cent of the aggregate wall and ceil- 
ing area of a room or space. 

(d) 804.2.4 Flame spread. The flame spread index shall not 
exceed 75 where tested in accordance with ASTM E 84 as 
listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. The 
smoke-developed index shall not be limited. 



(E) SECTION 805 

UPHOLSTERED FURNITURE AND MATTRESSES 

IN NEW AND EXISTING BUILDINGS 

(1) 805.1 Group I-l, board and care facilities. The require- 
ments in paragraphs (E)(l)(a)(805.1.1) to (E)(l)(b)(805.1.2) 
of this rule shall apply to board and care facilities classified in 
Group I- 1. 



(a) 805.1.1 Upholstered furniture. Newly introduced 
upholstered furniture shall meet the requirements for of para- 
graphs (E)(l)(a)(i)(805.1.1.1) and (E)(l)(a)(ii)(805. 1.1.2) of 
this rule. 

(i) 805.1.1.1 Ignition by cigarettes. Newly introduced 
upholstered furniture shall be shown to resist ignition by 
cigarettes as determined by tests conducted in accor- 
dance with NFPA 260 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the 
Administrative Code and shall meet the requirements of 
Class I. 

Exception: Upholstered furniture in rooms or spaces 
protected by an approved automatic sprinkler system 
installed in accordance with paragraph 
(C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the 
Administrative Code. 

(ii) 805.1.1.2 Heat release rate. Newly introduced 
upholstered furniture shall have limited rates of heat 
release when tested in accordance with ASTM E 1537 or 
California Technical Bulletin 133 as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code, as follows: 

(a) The peak rate of heat release for the single uphol- 
stered furniture item shall not exceed 80 kW. 

Exception: Upholstered furniture in rooms or 
spaces protected by an approved automatic sprin- 
kler system installed in accordance with para- 
graph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 
of the Administrative Code. 

(b) The total energy released by the single upholstered 
fiimiture item during the first 5 minutes of the test 
shall not exceed 24 megajoules (MJ). 

Exception: Upholstered furniture in rooms or 
spaces protected by an approved automatic sprin- 
kler system installed in accordance with para- 
graph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 
of the Administrative Code. 

(iii) 805.1.1.3 Identification. Upholstered furniture 
shall bear the label of an approved agency, confirming 
compliance with the requirements of paragraphs 
(E)(l)(a)(i)(805.1.1.1) and (E)(l)(a)(ii)(805.1.1.2) of 
this rule. 

(b) 805.1.2 Mattresses. Newly introduced mattresses shall 
meet the requirements of paragraphs (E)(l)(b)(i)(805. 1.2.1) 
to (E)(l)(b)(iii)(805.1.2.3) of this rule. 

(i) 805.1.2.1 Ignition by cigarettes. Newly introduced 
mattresses shall be shown to resist ignition by cigarettes 
as determined by tests conducted in accordance with 
DOC 16 CFR Part 1632 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of 
the Administrative Code and shall have a char length not 
exceeding 2 inches (51 ram). 

Exception: Mattresses in rooms or spaces protected 
by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed 
in accordance v/ith paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) 
of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 



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(ii) 805.1.2.2 Heat-release rate. Newly introduced mat- 
tresses shall have limited rates of heat release when 
tested in accordance with ASTM E 1590 or California 
Technical Bulletin 129 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of 
the Administrative Code, as follows: 

(a) The peak rate of heat release for the single uphol- 
stered furniture item shall not exceed 100 kW. 

Exception: Mattresses in rooms or spaces pro- 
tected by an approved automatic sprinkler sys- 
tem installed in accordance with paragraph 
(C)(3)(a)(i)(903J.Ll) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of 
the Administrative Code. 

(b) The total energy released by the single uphol- 
stered furniture item during the first 10 minutes 
of the test shall not exceed 25 MJ. 

Exception: Mattresses in rooms or spaces pro- 
tected by an approved automatic sprinkler sys- 
tern installed in accordance with paragraph 
(C)(3)(a)(i)(903JJJ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of 
the Administrative Code. 

(iii) 805.1.2.3 Identification. Mattresses shall bear the 
label of an approved agency, confirming compliance with 
the requirements of paragraphs (E)(2)(b}(i)(805.2.2.1 ) 
and (E)(2)(b)(ii)(805.2.2.2) of this rule. 

(2) 805.2 Group 1-2, nursing homes and hospitals. The 

requirements in paragraphs (E)(2}(a)(805.2.1) to 
(E)(2)(b)(805.2.2) of this rule shall apply to nursing homes and 
hospitals classified in Group 1-2. 

(a) 805.2.1 Upholstered furniture. Newly introduced 
upholstered furniture shall meet the requirements for of para- 
graphs iE)(2)(a)(i)(805.2.Ll) and (E)(2){a)(iii)(805.2.1.3) 
of this rule. 

(i) 805.2.1.1 Ignition by cigarettes. Newly introduced 
upholstered furniture shall be shown to resist ignition by 
cigarettes as determined by tests conducted in accor- 
dance with one of the following (a) mocked-up compos- 
ites of the upholstered furniture shall have a char length 
not exceeding 1 .5 inches (38 mm) when tested in accor- 
dance with NFPA 261 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the 
Administrative Code or (b) the components shall meet 
the requirements for Class I when tested in accordance 
with NFPA 260 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the 
Administrative Code. 

Exceptions: 

1. Upholstered furniture belonging to the patient 
in sleeping rooms of nursing homes (Group 
1-2), provided that a smoke detector is installed 
in such rooms. Battery-powered, single-station 
smoke alarms shall be allowed. 

2. Upholstered furniture in rooms or spaces pro- 
tected by an approved automatic sprinkler sys- 
tem installed in accordance with paragraph 
(C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of 
the Administrative Code. 



(ii) 805.2.1.2 Heat release rate. Newly introduced 
upholstered furniture shall have limited rates of heat 
release when tested in accordance with ASTM E 1537 or 
California Technical Bulletin 133 as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code, as follows: 

(a) The peak rate of heat release for the single uphol- 
stered furniture item shall not exceed 80 kW. 

Exception: Upholstered furniture in rooms or 

spaces protected by an approved automatic 
sprinkler system installed in accordance with 
paragraph (C)(3)(a}{i)(903.3.1.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

(b) The total energy released by the single uphol- 
stered furniture item during the first 10 minutes 
of the test shall not exceed 25 MJ. 

Exception: Upholstered furniture in rooms or 
spaces protected by an approved automatic 
sprinkler system installed in accordance with 
paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3J.l) of rule 
1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

(iii) 805.2.1.3 Identification. Upholstered furniture 
shall bear the label of an approved agency, confirming 
compliance with the requirements of paragraphs 
(E)(2}(a)(i)(805.2J.l) and (E)(2)(a}(iii)(805.2.L3) of 
this rule. 

(b) 805.2.2 Mattresses. Newly introduced mattresses shall 
meet the requirements of paragraphs (E)(2)(b)(i)(805.2.2.1) 
to (E)(2)(b)(iii)(805.2.2.3) of this rule. 

(i) 805.2.2.1 Ignition by cigarettes. Newly introduced 
mattresses shall be shown to resist ignition by cigarettes 
as determined by tests conducted in accordance with 
DOC 16 CFR Part 1632 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of 
the Administrative Code and shall have a char length not 
exceeding 2 inches (51 mm). 

(u) 805.2,2.2 Heat-release rate. Newly introduced mat- 
tresses shall have limited rates of heat release when 
tested in accordance with ASTM E 1590 or California 
Technical Bulletin 129 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of 
the Administrative Code, as follows: 

(a) The peak rate of heat release for the single uphol- 
stered furniture item shall not exceed 100 kW. 

Exception: Mattresses in rooms or spaces pro- 
tected by an approved automatic sprinkler sys- 
tem installed in accordance with paragraph 
(C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of 
the Administrative Code. 

(b) The total energy released by the single uphol- 
stered furniture item during the fu-st 10 minutes 
of the test shall not exceed 25 MJ. 

Exception: Mattresses in rooms or spaces pro- 
tected by an approved automatic sprinkler sys- 
tem installed in accordance with paragraph 
(C)(3)(a}(i)(903.3.Ll) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of 
the Administrative Code. 



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(iii) 805.2.2.3 Identification. Mattresses shall bear the 
label of an approved agency, confirming compliance 
with the requirements of paragraphs 
(E)(2)(b)(i)(805.22J) and {E)(2}(b)(ii)(805.2.2.2) of 
this rule. 

(3) 805.3 Group 1-3, detention and correction facilities. The 

requirements in paragraphs (E)(3)(a)(805.3.1) to 
(E)(3)(b)(805J.2) of this rule shall apply to detention and cor- 
rection facilities classified in Group 1-3. 

(a) 805.3.1 Upholstered furniture. Newly introduced 
upholstered furniture shall meet the requirements for of para- 
graphs (E)(3)(aXi)(805JJJ) and (E)(3Ha)(iii)(805.3J.3) 
of this rule, 

(i) 805.3.1.1 Ignition by cigarettes. Newly introduced 
upholstered furniture shall be shown to resist ignition by 
cigarettes as determined by tests conducted in accor- 
dance with one of the following: 

(a) Mocked-up composites of the upholstered furni- 
ture shall have a char length not exceeding 1.5 
inches (38 mm) when tested in accordance with 
NFPA 261 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the 
Administrative Code, or 

(b) The components shall meet the requirements for 
Class I when tested in accordance with NFPA 
260 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Adminis- 
trative Code. 

Exception: Upholstered furniture in rooms or 
spaces protected by an approved automatic 
sprinkler system installed in accordance with 
paragraph (C)i3}(a)ii)(903.3.1.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

(ii) 805.3.1.2 Heat release rate. Newly introduced 
upholstered furniture shall have limited rates of heat 
release when tested in accordance with ASTM E 1537 as 
listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code, as 
follows: 

(a) The peak rate of heat release for the single uphol- 
stered furniture item shall not exceed 80 kW. 

Exceptions: 

1. In Use Condition I, II and HI occupan- 
cies, as defined in the building code as 
listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Adminis- 
trative Code, upholstered furniture in 
rooms or spaces protected by approved 
smoke detectors that initiate, without 
delay, an alarm that is audible in that 
room or space. 

2. Upholstered fiimiture in rooms or spaces 
protected by an approved automatic 
sprinkler system installed in accordance 
with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) 
of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative 
Code. 

(b) The total energy released by the single uphol- 
stered furniture item during the first 10 minutes 
of the test shall not exceed 25 MJ. 



Exception: Upholstered fumitore in rooms or 
spaces protected by an approved automatic sprin- 
kler system installed in accordance with para- 
graph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 
of the Administrative Code. 

(iii) 805.3.1.3 Identification. Upholstered furniture 
shall bear the label of an approved agency, confirming 
compliance with the requirements of paragraphs 
(E)(3}(a)(i)(805.3.1.1) and (E)(3)(a)(ii)(805.3.1.2) of 
this rule. 

(h) 805 J.2 Matti^sses. Newly introduced mattresses shall 
meet the requirements of paragraphs (E)(3)(b)(i)(805.3.2.1) 
to (E)(3)(b)(iii)(805.3.2.3) of this rule. 

(i) 805.3.2.1 Ignition by cigarettes. Newly introduced 
mattresses shall be shown to resist ignition by cigarettes 
as determined by tests conducted in accordance with 
DOC 16 CFR Part 1632 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of 
the Administrative Code and shall have a char length not 
exceeding 2 inches (51 mm). 

Exception: Mattresses in rooms or spaces protected 
by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed 
in accordance wifhparagraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) 
of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

(ii) 805.3.2.2 Heat-release rate. Newly introduced mat- 
tresses shall have limited rates of heat release when 
tested in accordance with ASTM E 1590 or California 
Technical Bulletin 129 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of 
the Administrative Code, as follows: 

(a) The peak rate of heat release for the single uphol- 
stered furniture item shall not exceed 100 kW. 

Exception: Mattresses in rooms or spaces pro- 
tected by an approved automatic sprinkler sys- 
tem installed in accordance witii paragraph 
(C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.Ll) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of 
the Administrative Code. 

(b) The total energy released by the single uphol- 
stered furniture item during the &st 10 minutes 
of the test shall not exceed 25 MJ. 

Exception: Mattresses in rooms or spaces pro- 
tected by an approved automatic sprinkler system 
installed in accordance with paragraph 
(C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the 
Administrative Code. 

(iii) 805.3.2.3 Identification. Mattresses shall bear the 
label of an approved agency, confmning compliance 
with the requirements of paragraphs 
(E)(3)(b)(i)(805.3.2.1) and (E)(3)(b)(ii)(805.3.2.2) of 
this rule. 

(4) 805.4 Public occupancies. The provisions of this para- 
graph shall apply to public occupancies as defined in para- 
graph (B)(2)(802.2) of this rule. 

Exception: Upholstered furniture in rooms and spaces pro- 
tected by an approved automatic sprinkler system installed 
in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of 
rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 



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(a) 805.4,1 Requirements. No person shall sell for use in a 
public occupancy or use in a public occupancy any uphol- 
steredfumiture that does not conform with the requirements 
of technical bulletin 133, state of California bureau of home 
furnishings and thermal insulation as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

(b) 805.4.2 Labeling. The manufacturer of any seating jur- 
niture sold in this state that conforms to the requirements of 
paragraph (C)(8}(a)(803.8.1) shall attach a permanent 
label to the article, in plain view, no less than two inches by 
three inches and the type shall be in all capital letters and no 
smaller than one-eighth inch in height stating the following: 

"NOTICE THIS ARTICLE IS MANUFACTURED FOR 

USE IN PUBLIC OCCUPANCIES AND MEETS THE 

FLAMMABILFTY REQUIREMENTS OF CALIFORNIA 

BUREAU OF HOME FURNISHINGS AND THERMAL 

INSULATION TECHNICAL BULLETIN 133. HOWEVER, 

CARE SHOULD BE EXERCISED NEAR OPEN FLAME 

AND WITH BURNING CIGARETTES." 

(c) 805.4.3 Testing. The fire marshal may inspect any test- 
ing of seating furniture conducted to determine compliance 
with the flammability standards of this rule. 

(d) 805.4.4 Research reports. When deemed necessary, the 
fire marshal shall require the submission of authenticated 
research reports to verify that the seating furniture complies 
with the flammability standards. 



(F) SECTION 806 

DECORATIVE VEGETATION IN NEW 

AND EXISTING BUILDINGS 

(1) 806.1 Natural cut trees. Natural cut trees, where allowed 
by this paragraph, shaU have the trunk bottoms cut off at least 
0.5 inch (12.7 mm) above the original cut and shall be placed in 
a support device complying wiihparagraph (F)(i)(b)(806.L2) 
of this rule. 

(a) 806.1.1 Restricted occupancies. Natural cut trees shall 
be prohibited in Group A, E, I-l, 1-2, 1-3, 1-4, M, R-1, R-2 
and R-4 occupancies. 

Exceptions: 

1. Trees located in areas protected by an approved 
automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance 
with paragraph (C)(3)(a}(i)(903.3.Ll) or 
(C)(3)(a)(ii)(903.3.1.2} of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the 
Administrative Code shall not be prohibited in 
Groups A, E, M, R-1 and R-2. 

2. Trees shall be allowed within dwelling units in 
Group R-2 occupancies. 

(b) 806.1.2 Support devices. The support device that holds 
the tree in an upright position shall be of a type that is stable 
and that meets all of the following criteria: 

(i) The device shall hold the tree securely and be of ade- 
quate size to avoid tipping over of the tree. 

(ii) The device shall be capable of containing a mini- 
mum two-day supply of water. 



(iii) The water level, when full, shall cover the tree stem 
at least 2 inches (51 mm). The water level shall be 
maintained above the fresh cut and checked at least 
once daily. 

(c) 806.1.3 Dryness. The tree shall be removed from the 
building whenever the needles or leaves fall off readily 
when a tree branch is shaken or if the needles are brittle and 
break when bent between the thumb and index finger. The 
tree shall be checked daily for dryness. 

(2) 806.2 Artificial vegetation. Artificial decorative vegeta- 
tion shall meet the flame propagation performance criteria of 
NFPA 701 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative 
Code. Meeting the flame propagation performance criteria of 
NFPA 701 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative 
Code shall be documented and certified by the manufacturer in 
an approved manner. 

(3) 806.3 Obstruction of means of egress. The required width 
of any portion of a means of egress shall not be obstructed by 
decorative vegetation. 

(4) 806.4 Open flame. Candles and open flames shaU not be 
used on or near decorative vegetation. Natural cut trees shall be 
kept a distance from heat vents and any open flame or heat-pro- 
ducing devices at least equal to the height of the tree. 

(5) 806.5 Electrical fixtures and wiring. The use of unlisted 
electrical wiring and lighting on natural trees and artificial dec- 
orative vegetation shall be prohibited. The use of electrical wir- 
ing and fighting on artificial trees constructed entirely of metal 
shall be prohibited. 



(G) SECTION 807 

DECORATIVE MATERIALS OTHER THAN 

DECORATIVE VEGETATION IN NEW AND 

EXISTING BUILDINGS 

(1) 807.1 General requirements. In occupancies of Groups A, 
E, I and R-1 and dormitories in Group R-2, curtains, draperies, 
hangings and other decorative materials suspended from waUs 
or ceilings shall meet the flame propagation performance crite- 
ria of NFPA 701 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Adminis- 
trative Code in accordance with paragraph (F)(2)(806.2) of 
this rule or be noncombustible. 

In Groups I- 1 and 1-2, combustible decorative materials shall 
meet the flame propagation criteria of NFPA 701 as listed in 
rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code unless the decora- 
tive materials, including, but not limited to, photographs and 
paintings, are of such limited quantities that a hazard of fire 
development or spread is not present. In Group 1-3, combusti- 
ble decorative materials are prohibited. 

Fixed or movable walls and partitions, paneling, wall pads 
and crash pads, applied structurally or for decoration, acousti- 
cal correction, surface insulation or other purposes, shall be 
considered interior finish if they cover 10 per cent or more of 
the wall or of the ceiUng area, and shall not be considered deco- 
rative materials or furnishings. 

In Group B and M occupancies, fabric partitions suspended 
from the ceiling and not supported by tiie floor shafi meet tiie 
flame propagation performance criteria in accordance with 



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paragraph (G)(2)(807,2) of this rule and NFPA 701 as listed in 
rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code or shall be 
noncombustible. 

(a) 807.1.1 Noncombustible materials. The permissible 
amount of noncombustible decorative material shall not be 
limited. 

(b) 807,1.2 Combustible decorative materials. The per- 
missible amount of decorative materials meeting the flame 
propagation performance criteria of NFPA 701 as listed in 
rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code shall not 
exceed 10 per cent of the aggregate area of walls and ceil- 
ings. 

Exceptions: 

1. In auditoriums of Group A, the permissible 
amount of decorative material meeting the flame 
propagation performance criteria of NFPA 701 as 
listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative 
Code shall not exceed 50 per cent of the aggregate 
area of walls and ceilings where the building is 
equipped throughout with an approved automatic 
sprinkler system in accordance with paragraph 
(C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3J.l) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the 
Administrative Code, and where the material is 
installed in accordance with Section 803.4 of the 
building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the 
Administrative Code. 

2. The amount of fabric partitions suspended from 
the ceiling and not supported by the floor in Group 
B and M occupancies shall not be limited. 

(2) 807.2 Acceptance criteria and reports. Where required to 
be flame resistant, decorative materials shall be tested by an 
approved agency and meet the flame propagation performance 
criteria of NFPA 701 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the 
Administrative Code, or such materials shall be 
noncombustible. Reports of test results shall be prepared in 
accordance with NFPA 701 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the 
Administrative Code and furnished to the &e code official 
upon request, 

(3) 807.3 Pyroxylin plastic. Imitation leather or other material 
consisting of or coated with a pyroxylin or similarly hazardous 
base shall not be used in Group A occupancies. 

(4) 807.4 Occupancy-based requirements. In occupancies in 
Group A, E and 1-4 day care facilities, decorative materials 
other than decorative vegetation shall comply with paragraphs 
(G)(4)(a)(807.4.1) to (G)(4)(d)(ii)(807.4A.2) of this rule. 

(a) 807.4.1 General. All of the following requirements 
shall apply to all Group A and E occupancies and Group 1-4 
day care facilities regulated by paragraphs 
(G)(4)(b)(807.4.2) to (G)(4)(d)(807.4.4) of this rule: 

(i) Explosive or highly flammable materials. Furnishings 
or decorative materials of an explosive or highly flanmia- 
ble character shall not be used. 

(ii) Fire-retardant coatings. Fire-retardant coatings in 
existing buildings shall be maintained so as to retain the 
effectiveness of the treatment under service conditions 
encountered in actual use. 



(iii) Obstructions. Furnishings or other objects shall not 
be placed to obstruct exits, access thereto, egress there- 
from or visibility thereof. 

(b) 807.4.2 Group A. The requirements in paragraphs 
(G)(4)(b)(i)(807.4.2.1) to (GX4)(b)m(807.4.2J) of this 
rule shall apply to occupancies in Group A. 

(i) 807.4.2.1 Foam plastics. Exposed foam plastic mate- 
rials and unprotected materials containing foam plastic 
used for decorative purposes or stage scenery or exhibit 
booths shall have a maximum heat release rate of 100 
kilowatts (kW) when tested in accordance with UL 1975 
as listedin rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

Exceptions: 

1. Individual foam plastic items or items contain- 
ing foam plastic where the foam plastic does 
not exceed 1 pound (0.45 kg) in weight. 

2. Cellular or foam plastic shall be allowed for 
trim not in excess of 10 per cent of the wall or 
ceiling area, provided it is not less than 20 
pounds per cubic foot (320 kg per cubic meter) 
in density, is limited to 0.5 inch (12.7 mm) in 
thickness and 4 inches (102 mm) in width, and 
complies with the requirements for Class B 
interior wall and ceiling finish, except that the 
smoke-developed index shall not be limited. 

(ii) 807.4.2.2 Motion picture screens. The screens upon 
which motion pictures are projected in new and existing 
buildings of Group A shall either meet the flame propa- 
gation performance criteria of NFPA 701 as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code, or shall comply 
with the requirements for a Class B interior finish in 
accordance with Section 803 of the building code as 
listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

(iii) 807.4.2.3 Wood use in Group A-3 places of reli- 
gious worship. In places of religious worship, wood 
used for ornamental purposes, trusses, paneling or chan- 
cel furnishing shall be allowed. 

(c) 807.4.3 Group E. The requirements in paragraphs 
(G)(4)(c)(i)(807.4.3.1) and (G)(4)(c)(ii)(807.4J.2) of this 
rule shall apply to occupancies in Group E. 

(i) 807.4.3.1 Storage in corridors and lobbies. Cloth- 
ing and personal elects shaU no, be stored in corridors 
and lobbies. 

Exceptions: 

1. Corridors protected by an approved automatic 
sprinkler system installed in accordance with 
paragraph (C}(3)(a)(i)(903.3.Ll) of rule 
1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

2. Corridors protected by an approved smoke 
detection system installed in accordance with 
paragraph (G)(907) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the 
Administrative Code. 

3 . Storage in metal lockers provided the minimum 
required egress width is maintained. 



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(ii) 807.4.3.2 Artwork. Artwork and teaching materials 
shall be limited on the walls of corridors to not more than 
20 per cent of the wall area. 

(d) 807.4.4 Group 1-4, day care facilities. The require- 
ments in paragraphs (G)(4)(d)(i)(807.4.4.1) and 
(G)(4)(d)(ii)(807. 4.4.2) of this rule shall apply to day care 
facilities classified in Group 1-4. 

(i) 807.4.4.1 Storage in corridors and lobbies. Cloth- 
ing and personal effects shall not be stored in corridors 
and lobbies. 

Exceptions: 

1. Corridors protected by an approved automatic 
sprinkler system installed in accordance with 
paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

2. Corridors protected by an approved smoke 
detection system installed in accordance with 
paragraph (G)(907) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the 
Administrative Code. 

3. Storage in metal lockers, provided the mini- 
mum required egress width is maintained. 

(ii) 807.4.4.2 Artwork. Artwork and teaching materials 
shall be limited on walls of corridors to not more than 20 
per cent of the wall area. 

(H) SECTION 808 

FURNISHINGS OTHER THAN UPHOLSTERED 

FURNITURE AND MATTRESSES OR DECORATIVE 

MATERIALS IN NEW AND EXISTING BUILDINGS 

(1) 808.1 Wastebaskets in Group 1-3, detention and correc- 
tion facilities. Wastebaskets and other waste containers, 
including their hds, located in Group 1-3 detention and correc- 
tion facilities shall be constructed of noncombustible materials 
or of materials that meet a peak rate of heat release not exceed- 
ing 300 kW/m^ when tested in accordance with ASTM E 1354 
as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code at an 
incident heat flux of 50 kW/m^ in the horizontal orientation. 
Metal wastebaskets and other metal waste containers with a 
capacity of 20 gallons (75 .7 L) or more shall be hsted in accor- 
dance with UL \?)\5as listed in rule 1301:7- 7-45 of the Admin - 
istrative Code and shall be provided with a noncombustible lid. 

(2) 808.2 Signs. Foam plastic signs that are not affixed to inte- 
rior building surfaces shall have a maximum heat release rate of 
150 kW when tested in accordance with UL 1975 as listed in 
rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

Exception: Where the aggregate area of foam plastic signs 
is less than 10 per cent of the floor area or wall area of the 
room or space in which the signs are located, whichever is 
less, subject to the approval of the fire code official. 

Effective Date: July 1, 2007 

Prior Effective Dates: 7/1/79; 6/1/85; 6/15/92; 7/1/93; 9/1/95; 
3/30/98; 11/20/98; 9/1/05 

2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 87 



88 2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



OHIO ADMINISTRATIVE CODE 1301:7-7-09 

FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS 



(A) SECTION 901 
GENERAL 

(1) 901.1 Scope. The provisions of this rule shall specify where 
fire protection systems are required and shall apply to the 
design, installation, inspection, operation, testing and mainte- 
nance of all fire protection systems. The requirements in this 
rule for fire protection systems in structures regulated by the 
building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administra- 
tive Code submitted for plan review in accordance with this 
paragraph are subject to and do not supersede or otherwise 
conflict with the requirements of paragraph (D)(2)(a)(104.2.1) 
of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code. 

(2) 901.2 Construction documents. Notwithstanding the 
requirements of paragraph (D)(2)(a)(104.2.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code, the fire code official 
shall have the authority to require construction documents and 
calculations for all fire protection systems and to require per- 
mits be obtained for the installation, rehabilitation or modifica- 
tion of any fire protection system. Construction documents for 
fire protection systems shall be submitted for review prior to 
system installation. At locations or in structures not regulated 
by the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Admin- 
istrative Code, the construction documents shall be reviewed 
and approved by the fire code offtcial prior to system installa- 
tion. 

(a) 901.2.1 Statement of compliance. Before requesting 
final inspection of the installation, where required by the 
fire code official, the installing contractor shall furnish a 
written statement to the fire code official that the subject fire 
protection system has been installed in accordance with 
plans approved by the building code official and has been 
tested in accordance with the manufacturer's specifications 
and the appropriate installation standard. Any deviations 
from the design standards shall be noted and copies of the 
approvals for such deviations shall be attached to the written 
statement. 

(3) 901.3 Permits. Permits shall be required as set forth in rule 
1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code and as required by the 
building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administra- 
tive Code. 

(4) 901.4 Installation. Fire protection systems shall be main- 
tained in accordance with the original installation standards for 
that system. Required fire protection systems shall be 
extended, altered, or augmented as necessary to maintain and 
continue protection whenever the building is altered, remod- 
eled or added to. Alterations to fire protection systems shall be 
done in accordance with applicable standards. 

(a) 901.4.1 Required fire protection systems. Fire protec- 
tion systems required by this code or the building code as 
listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code shall 
be installed, repaired, operated, tested and maintained in 
accordance with this code. 



(b) 901.4.2 Nonrequired fire protection systems. Any fire 
protection system or portion thereof not required by this 
code or the building code as listed in rule 1301 : 7- 7-45 of the 
Administrative Code shall be allowed to be furnished for 
partial or complete protection provided such installed sys- 
tem meets the requirements of this code and the building 
code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative 
Code. 

(c) 901.4.3 Additional fire protection systems. In occu- 
pancies of a hazardous nature, where special hazards exist in 
addition to the normal hazards of the occupancy, or where 
the fire code official determines that access for fire appara- 
tus is unduly difficult, the fire code official shall have the 
authority to require additional safeguards. Such safeguards 
include, but shall not be limited to, the following: automatic 
fire detection systems, fire alarm systems, automatic 
fire-extinguishing systems, standpipe systems, or portable 
or fixed extinguishers. Fire protection equipment required 
under this paragraph shall be installed in accordance with 
this code and the applicable referenced standards. 

(d) 901.4.4 Appearance of equipment. Any device that has 
the physical appearance of hfe safety or fire protection 
equipment but which does not perform that hfe safety or fire 
protection function, shall be prohibited. 

(5) 901.5 Installation acceptance testing. Fire detection and 
alarm systems, fire-extinguishing systems, fire hydrant sys- 
tems, fire standpipe systems, fire pump systems, private fire 
service mains and all other fire protection systems and appurte- 
nances thereto shall be subject to acceptance tests as contained 
in the installation standards and as approved by the fire code 
official. The fire code official shall be notified by the responsi- 
ble person of any scheduled acceptance testing of a fire protec- 
tion system not less than forty-eight hours prior to the 
occurrence of such acceptance test. When required all testing 
shall be conducted in the presence of the fire code official. 

(a) 901.5.1 Occupancy. It shall be unlawful to occupy any 
portion of a building or structure until the required fire 
detection, alarm and suppression systems have been tested, 
inspected and approved. 

(6) 901.6 Inspection, testing and maintenance. Fire detec- 
tion, alarm and extinguishing systems shall be maintained in an 
operative condition at all times, and shall be replaced or 
repaired where defective. Nonrequired fire protection systems 
and equipment shall be inspected, tested and maintained or 
removed. Any discontinuance or removal of nonrequired fire 
protection equipment shall be approved by the fire code offi- 
cial. Such approval shall be conditioned upon receipt of verifi- 
cation of building official determination that such fire 
protection equipment is nonrequired. 

(a) 901.6.1 Standards. Fire protection systems shall be 
inspected, tested and maintained in accordance with the ref- 
erenced standards listed in Table 901.6.1 of this rule. 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



89 



FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS 



TABLE 901.6.1 
FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEM MAINTENANCE STANDARDS 



> 



SYSTEM 


STANDARD 


Portable fire extinguishers 


NFPA 10 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 
of the Administrative Code 


Carbon dioxide 
fire-extinguishing systems 


NFPA 12 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 
of the Administrative Code 


Halon 1301 
fire-extinguishing systems 


NFPA 12A as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code 


Dry-chemical 
extinguishing systems 


NFPA 17 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 
of the Administrative Code 


Wet-chemical 
extinguishing systems 


NFPA 17 A as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code 


Water-based fire 
protection systems 


NFPA 25 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 
of the Administrative Code 


Fire alarm systems 


NFPA 72 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 
of the Administrative Code 


Water-mist systems 


NFPA 750 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 
of the Administrative Code 


Clean-agent extinguishing 
systems 


NFPA 2001 as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code 



(b) 901.6.2 Records. Records of all system inspections, 
tests, and maintenance required by the referenced standards 
shall be maintained on the premises for a minimimi of 3 years 
unless otherwise provided for by law or regulation and made 
available to the fire code official upon request. 

901.6.2.1 Records information. Initial records shall 
include the name of the installation contractor, type of 
components installed, manufacturer of the components, 
location and number of components installed per floor. 
Records shall also include the manufacturers' operation 
and maintenance instruction manuals. Such records shall 
be maintained on the premises. Acceptance testing 
records (original documents) shall he retained for the 
life of the system. 

(c) 901.6.3 Annual inspection tag for fire protection sys- 
tems. An inspection tag shall be attached to each fire protec- 
tion system near the main control valve, main panel, or other 
such appropriate and visible location as determined by the 
fire code official. The annual inspection tag shall contain 
the following information: 

(i) The individual performing the work and the state fire 
marshal installer certification number(s) (when 
applicable); 

(ii) Date of test; 

(Hi) Results of inspection and test; 

(iv) Deficiencies or impairments noted (yes or no). 

(i) 901.6.3.1. When a sprinkler or standpipe system is 
found impaired or out of service, the tag requirement 
shall include an impairment tag in accordance with 
NFPA 25 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administra- 
tive Code. 

(7) 901.7 Systems out of service. Where a required fire protec- 
tion system is out of service, the fire department and the fire code 



official shall be notified immediately and, where required by the 
fire code official, the building shaU either be evacuated or an 
approved fire watch shall be provided for all occupants left 
unprotected by the shut down until the fire protection system has 
been returned to service. 

Where utilized, fire watches shall be provided with at least 
one approved means for notification of the fire department and 
their only duty shall be to perform constant patrols of the pro- 
tected premises and keep watch for fires. 

(a) 901.7.1 Impairment coordinator. The building owner 
shall assign an impairment coordinator to comply with the 
requirements of this paragraph. In the absence of a specific 
designee, the owner shall be considered the impairment coor- 
dinator. 

(b) 901.7.2 Tag required. A tag shall be used to indicate that 
a system, or portion thereof, has been removed from service. 

(c) 901.7.3 Placement of tag. The tag shall be posted at each 
fire department connection, system control valve, fire alarm 
control unit, fire alarm annunciator and fire conmiand center, 
indicating which system, or part thereof, has been removed 
fi-om service. The fire code official shall specify where the tag 
is to be placed. 

(d) 901.7.4 Preplanned impairment programs. Preplanned 
impairments shall be authorized by the impairment coordina- 
tor. Before authorization is given, a designated individual 
shall be responsible for verifying that all of the following pro- 
cedures have been implemented: 

(/) The extent and expected duration of the impairment 
have been determined. 

(ii) The areas or buildings involved have been 
inspected and the increased risks determined. 

(Hi) Recommendations have been submitted to manage- 
ment or building owner/manager. 

(iv) The fire department has been notified. 

(v) The insurance carrier, the alarm company, building 
owner/manager, and other authorities having juris- 
diction have been notified. 

(vi) The supervisors in the areas to be affected have 
been notified. 

(vii) A tag impairment system has been implemented. 

(viii) Necessary tools and materials have been assembled 
on the impairment site. 

(e) 901.7.5 Emergency impairments. When unplaimed 
impairments occur, appropriate emergency action shall be 
taken to minimize potential injury and damage. The impair- 
ment coordinator shall implement the steps outlined in /?ara- 
graph (A)(7)(d)(901.7.4) of this rule. 

(f) 901.7.6 Restoring systems to service. When impaired 
equipment is restored to normal working order, the impair- 
ment coordinator shall verify that all of the following proce- 
dures have been implemented: 

(i) Necessary inspections and tests have been conducted 
to verify that affected systems are operational. 



90 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



FIRE PROTECTION SYSTE8WS 



(ii) Supervisors have been advised that protection is 
restored. 

(Hi) The fire department has been advised that protection 
is restored. 

(iv) The building owner/manager, insurance carrier, 
alarm company, and other involved parties have been 
advised that protection is restored. 

(v) The impairment tag has been removed. 

(8) 901.8 Removal of or tampering with equipment. It shall be 
unlawful for any person to remove, tamper with or otherwise dis- 
turb any fire hydrant, fire detection and alarm system, fire sup- 
pression system, or other fire appUance required by this code 
except for the purpose of extinguishing fire, training purposes, 
recharging or making necessary repairs, or when approved by 
the fire code official. 

(a) 901.8.1 Removal of or tampering with appmtenances. 

Locks, gates, doors, barricades, chains, enclosures, signs, 
tags or seals which have been installed by or at the direction 
of the fire code official shall not be removed, unlocked, 
destroyed, tampered with or otherwise vandaUzed in any 
manner. 

(9) 901,9 Recall of fire protection components. Any fire pro- 
tection system component regulated by this code that is the 
subject of a voluntary or mandatory recall under federal law 
shall be replaced with approved, listed components in compli- 
ance with the referenced standards of this code. The fire code 
official shall be notified in writing by the building owner when 
the recalled component parts have been replaced. 



(B) SECTION 902 
DEFINITIONS 

(1) 902.1 Definitions. The following words and terms shall, for 
the purposes of this rule and as used elsewhere in this code, have 
the meanings shown herein. 

"Alarm notification appliance." A fire alarm system compo- 
nent such as a beU, horn, speaker, light, or text display that pro- 
vides audible, tactile, or visible outputs, or any combination 
thereof. 

"Alarm signal." A signal indicating an emergency requiring 
immediate action, such as a signal indicative of fire. 

"Alarm verification feature." A feature of automatic fire 
detection and alarm systems to reduce unwanted alarms wherein 
smoke detectors report alarm conditions for a minimum period 
of time, or confirm alarm conditions within a given time period, 
after being automatically reset, in order to be accepted as a valid 
alarm-initiation signal. 

"Annunciator." A unit containing one or more indicator lamps, 
alphanumeric displays, or other equivalent means in which each 
indication provides status information about a circuit, condition 
or location. 

"Audible alarm notification appliance." A notification appU- 
ance that alerts by the sense of hearing. 

"Automatic." As appHed to fire protection devices, is a device 
or system providing an emergency function without the neces- 



sity for human intervention and activated as a result of a prede- 
termined temperature rise, rate of temperature rise, or combus- 
tion products. 

"Automatic fire-extinguishing system." An approved system 
of devices and equipment which automatically detects a fire and 
discharges an approved fire-extinguishing agent onto or in the 
area of fire. 

"Automatic sprinkler system." A sprinkler system, for fire 
protection purposes, is an integrated system of underground and 
overhead piping designed in accordance with fire protection 
engineering standards. The system includes a suitable water sup- 
ply. The portion of the system above the ground is a network of 
specially sized or hydrauUcally designed piping installed in a 
structure or area, generally overhead, and to which automatic 
sprinklers are connected in a systematic pattern. The system is 
usually activated by heat fi^om a fire and discharges water over 
the fire area. 

"Average ambient sound level." The root mean square, 
A-weighted sound pressure level measured over a 24-hour 
period. 

"Carbon dioxide extinguishing system." A system supplying 
carbon dioxide (CO2) fi"om a pressurized vessel through fixed 
pipes and nozzles. The system includes a manual- or auto- 
matic-actuating mechanism. 

"Clean agent." Electrically nonconducting, volatile, or gaseous 
fire extinguishant that does not leave a residue upon evaporation. 

"Constantly attended location." A designated location at a 
facility staffed by trained personnel on a continuous basis where 
alarm or supervisory signals are monitored and facilities are pro- 
vided for notification of the fire department or other emergency 
services. 

**Deluge system." A sprinkler system employing open sprin- 
klers attached to a piping system connected to a water supply 
through a valve that is opened by the operation of a detection 
system installed in the same area as the sprinklers. When this 
valve opens, water flows into the piping system and discharges 
from all sprinklers attached thereto. 

"Detector, heat." A fire detector that senses heat produced by 
burning substances. Heat is the energy produced by combustion 
that causes substances to rise in temperature. 

"Dry-chemical extinguishing agent." A powder composed of 
small particles, usually of sodium bicarbonate, potassium bicar- 
bonate, urea-potassium-based bicarbonate, potassium chloride 
or monoammonium phosphate, with added particulate material 
supplemented by special treatment to provide resistance to pack- 
ing, resistance to moisture absorption (caking) and the proper 
flow capabihties. 

"Emergency alarm system." A system to provide indication 
and warning of emergency situations involving hazardous mate- 
rials. 

'^Emergency voice/alarm communications." Dedicated man- 
ual or automatic facUities for originating and distributing voice 
instructions, as well as alert and evacuation signals pertaining to 
a fire emergency, to the occupants of a building. 

"Fire alarm box, manual." See "Manual fire alarm box". 



2007 OHIO FSRE CODE 



FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS 



'Tire alarm control unit." A system component that receives 
inputs from automatic and manual fire alarm devices and is 
capable of supplying power to detection devices and tran- 
sponder(s) of off-premises transmitter(s). The control unit is 
capable of providing a transfer of power to the notification appU- 
ances and transfer of condition to relays of devices. 

"Fire alarm signal." A signal initiated by a fire alarm-initiating 
device such as a manual fire alarm box, automatic fire detector, 
water-flow switch, or other device whose activation is indicative 
of the presence of a fire or fire signature. 

"Fire alarm system." A system or portion of a combination sys- 
tem consisting of components and circuits arranged to monitor 
and annunciate the status of fire alarm or supervisory signal-ini- 
tiating devices and to initiate the appropriate response to those 
signals. 

[B] "Fire area." The aggregate floor area enclosed and bounded 
by fire walls, fire barriers, exterior walls, or fiire-resistance rated 
horizontal assembhes of a building. 

"Fire detector, automatic." A device designed to detect the 
presence of a fire signature and to initiate action. 

"Fire protection system." Approved devices, equipment and 
systems or combinations of systems used to detect a fire, activate 
an alarm, extinguish or control a fire, control or manage smoke 
and products of a fire or any combination thereof. 

"Fire safety functions." Building and fire control functions that 
are intended to increase the level of life safety for occupants or to 
control the spread of the harmful effects of fire. 

"Foam-extinguishing system." A special system discharging a 
foam made from concentrates, either mechanically or chemi- 
cally, over the area to be protected. 

"Halogenated extinguishing system." A fire-extinguishing 
system using one or more atoms of an element from the halogen 
chemical series: fluorine, chlorine, bromine and iodine. 

"Impairment coordinator." The person responsible for the 
maintenance of a particular fire protection system. 

"Initiating device." A system component that originates trans- 
mission of a change-of-state condition, such as in a smoke detec- 
tor, manual fire alarm box, or supervisory switch. 

"Manual fire alarm box." A manually operated device used to 
initiate an alarm signal. 

"Multiple-station alarm device." Two or more single-station 
alarm devices that can be interconnected such that actuation of 
one causes aU integral or separate audible alarms to operate. It 
also can consist of one single-station alarm device having con- 
nections to other detectors or to a manual fire alarm box. 

"Multiple-station smoke alarm." Two or more single-station 
alarm devices that are capable of interconnection such that actu- 
ation of one causes aU integral or separate audible alarms to 
operate. 

"Nuisance alarm." An alarm caused by mechanical failure, 
malfunction, improper installation, or lack of proper mainte- 
nance, or an alarm activated by a cause that cannot be deter- 
mined. 



"Record drawings." Drawings ("as buUts") that document die 
location of all devices, appUances, wiring, sequences, wiring 
methods, and connections of the components of afire alarm sys- 
tem as installed. 

"Single-station smoke alarm." An assembly incorporating the 
detector, the control equipment, and the alarm-sounding device 
in one unit, operated from a power supply either in the unit or 
obtained at the point of installation. 

[B] "Sleeping unit." A room or space in which people sleep, 
which can also include permanent provisions for hving, eating, 
and either sanitation or kitchen faciUties but not both. Such 
rooms and spaces that are also part of a dweUing unit are not 
sleeping units. 

"Smoke alarm." A single- or multiple-station alarm responsive 
to smoke and not connected to a system. 

"Smoke detector." A hsted device that senses visible or invisi- 
ble particles of combustion. 

"Standpipe system, classes of." Standpipe classes are as fol- 
lows: 

"Class I system." A system providing 2V2-inch (64 mm) I 
hose connections to supply water for use by fire departments 
and those trained in handling heavy fire streams. 

"Class n system." A system providing 1 Vj-mch (38 mm) I 
hose stations to supply water for use primarily by the building 
occupants or by the fire department during initial response. 

"Class in system." A system providing lV2-inch (38 mm) I 
hose stations to supply water for use by building occupants 
and IVj-inch (64 mm) hose connections to supply a larger I 
volume of water for use by fire departments and those trained 
in handling heavy fire streams. 

"Standpipe, types of." Standpipe types are as follows: 

"Automatic dry." A dry standpipe system, normally filled 
with pressurized air, that is arranged through the use of a 
device, such as a dry pipe valve, to admit water into the sys- 
tem piping automatically upon the opening of a hose valve. 
The water supply for an automatic dry standpipe system shall 
be capable of supplying the system demand. 

"Automatic wet." A wet standpipe system that has a water 
supply that is capable of supplying the system demand auto- 
matically. 

"Manual dry." A dry standpipe system that does not have a 
permanent water supply attached to the system. Manual dry 
standpipe systems require water from a fire department 
pumper to be pumped into the system through the fire depart- 
ment connection in order to supply the system demand. 

"Manual wet." A wet standpipe system connected to a water 
supply for the purpose of maintaining water within the sys- 
tem but which does not have a water supply capable of deliv- 
ering the system demand attached to the system. Manual wet 
standpipe systems require water from a fire department 
pumper (or the like) to be pumped into the system in order to 
supply the system demand. 

"Semiautomatic dry." A dry standpipe system that is 
arranged through the use of a device, such as a deluge valve, 
to admit water into the system piping upon activation of a 



92 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS 



remote control device located at a hose connection. A remote 
control activation device shall be provided at each hose con- 
nection. The water supply for a semiautomatic dry standpipe 
system shall be capable of supplying the system demand. 

"Supervising station/' A facility that receives signals and at 
which personnel are in attendance at all times to respond to 
these signals. 

"Supervisory service." The service required to monitor perfor- 
mance of guard tours and the operative condition of fixed sup- 
pression systems or other systems for the protection of life and 
property. 

"Supervisory signal." A signal indicating the need of action in 
connection with the supervision of guard tours, the fire suppres- 
sion systems or equipment, or the maintenance features of 
related systems. 

"Supervisory signal-initiating device." An initiating device 
such as a valve supervisory switch, water level indicator, or 
low-air pressure switch on a dry-pipe sprinkler system whose 
change of state signals an off-normal condition and its restora- 
tion to normal of a fire protection or life safety system; or a need 
for action in connection with guard tours, fire suppression sys- 
tems or equipment, or maintenance features of related systems. 

"Tires, bulk storage of." Storage of tires where the area avail- 
able for storage exceeds 20,000 cubic feet (566 m^). 

"TVouble signal." A signal initiated by the fire alarm system or 
device indicative of a fault in a monitored circuit or component. 

"Visible alarm notification appliance." A notification appU- 
ance that alerts by the sense of sight. 

"Wet-chemical extinguishing agent." A solution of water and 
potassium-carbonate-based chemical, potassium-acetate-based 
chemical or a combination thereof, forming an extinguishing 
agent. 

"Wireless protection system." A system or a part of a system 
that can transmit and receive signals without the aid of wire. 

"Zone." A defined area within the protected premises. A zone 
can define an area from which a signal can be received, an area to 
which a signal can be sent, or an area in which a form of control 
can be executed. 



(C) SECTION 903 
AUTOMATIC SPRINKLER SYSTEMS 

(1) 903.1 General. Automatic sprinkler systems shall comply 
with this paragraph. 

(a) 903.1.1 Alternative protection. Alternative automatic 
fire-extinguishing systems complying with paragraph 
(D)(904) of this rule may be installed in lieu of automatic 
sprinkler protection where recognized by the apphcable stan- 
dard and approved by the fire code official pursuant to para- 
graph (A)(l)(901.1) of this rule. At locations or in structures 
not regulated by the building code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code, the alternative 
automatic fire-extinguishing system shall be approved by the 
fire code official prior to system installation. 



(2) 903.2 Where required. Approved automatic sprinkler sys- 
tems in new buildings and structures shall be provided in the 
locations where required by the building code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code and as described in this 
paragraph. The requirements for automatic sprinkler systems in 
new buildings contained in this rule are subject to and do not 
supersede or otherwise conflict with the requirements of para- 
graph ( D)( 2 )(a)( 104.2.1) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administra- 
tive Code. 

Exception: Spaces or areas in telecommunications buildings 
used exclusively for telecommunications equipment, associ- 
ated electrical power distribution equipment, batteries and 
standby engines, provided those spaces or areas are equipped 
throughout with an automatic fire alarm system and are sepa- 
rated from the remainder of the building by fire barriers con- 
sisting of not less than 1 hour fire-resistance-rated walls and 
2-hour fire-resistance-rated floor/ceUing assembUes. 

(a) 903.2.1 Group A. An automatic sprinkler system shall be 
provided throughout buildings and portions thereof used as 
Group A occupancies as provided in this paragraph. For 
Group A-1, A-2, A-3, and A-4 occupancies, the automatic 
sprinkler system shall be provided throughout the floor area 
where the Group A-1, A-2, A-3 or A-4 occupancy is located, 
and in all floors between the Group A occupancy and the 
level of exit discharge. For Group A-5 occupancies, the auto- 
matic sprinkler system shall be provided in the spaces indi- 
cated in paragraph (C)(2)(a)(iv)(903.2.1.5) of this rule. 

(i) 903.2.1.1 Group A-1. An automatic sprinkler system 
shall be provided for Group A-1 occupancies where one 
of the following conditions exists: 

(a) The fire area exceeds 12,000 square feet (1115 
m2); 

(b) The fire area has an occupant load of 300 or more; 

(c) The fire area is located on a floor other than the 
level of exit discharge; or 

(d) The fire area contains a multitheater complex. 

(ii) 903.2.1.2 Group A-2. An automatic sprinkler system 
shall be provided for Group A-2 occupancies where one 
of the following conditions exists: 

{a) The fire area exceeds 5,000 square feet (464.5 

(b) The fire area has an occupant load of 100 or more; 
or 

(c) The fire area is located on a floor other than the 
level of exit discharge. 

(iii) 903.2.1.3 Group A-3. An automatic sprinkler system 
shall be provided for Group A-3 occupancies where one 
of the following conditions exists: 

(a) The fire area exceeds 12,000 square feet (1115 
m2); 

(b) The fire area has an occupant load of 300 or more; 

Exceptions: 

1. Fire areas used primarily for worship with 
fixed seating. 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



93 



FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS 



2. Fire areas without fixed seating not used for 
exhibition or display. 

(c) The fire area is located on a floor other than the 
level of exit discharge. 

Exception: Areas used exclusively as participant 
sports areas where the main floor area is located at 
the same level as the level of exit discharge of the 
main entrance and exit. 

(iv) 903.2.1.4 Group A-4. An automatic sprinkler system 
shall be provided for Group A-4 occupancies where one of 
the following conditions exists: 

(a) The fire area exceeds 12,000 square feet (1115 

(b) The fire area has an occupant load of 300 or more; 

(c) The fire area is located on a floor other than the 
level of exit discharge. 

Exception: Areas used exclusively as participant 
sports areas where the main floor area is located at the 
same level as the level of exit discharge of the main 
entrance and exit. 

(v) 903.2.1.5 Group A-5. An automatic sprinkler system 
shall be provided for Group A-5 occupancies in the fol- 
lowing areas: concession stands, retail areas, press boxes 
and other accessory use areas in excess of 1,000 square 
feet (93 m^). 

(b) 903.2.2 Group E. An automatic sprinkler system shall be 
provided for Group E occupancies as foUows: 

(i) Throughout aU Group E fire areas greater than 20,000 
square feet (1858 m^) in area. 

(ii) Throughout every portion of educational buildings 
below the level of exit discharge. 

Exception: An automatic sprinkler system is not required 
in any fire area or area below the level of exit discharge 
where every classroom throughout the building has at 
least one exterior exit door at ground level. 

(c) 903.2.3 Group F-1. An automatic sprinkler system shaU 
be provided throughout all buildings containing a Group F-1 
occupancy where one of the following conditions exist: 

1. Where a Group F-1 fire area exceeds 12,000 square 
feet (11 15 m2); 

2. Where a Group F- 1 fire area is located more than three 
stories above grade plane; or 

3 . Where the combined area of aU Group F- 1 fire areas on 
all floors, including any mezzanines, exceeds 24,000 
square feet (2230 m^). 

(i) 903.2.3.1 Woodworking operations. An automatic 
sprinkler system shall be provided throughout aU Group 
F-1 occupancy fire areas that contain woodworking oper- 
ations in excess of 2,500 square feet in area (232 m^) 
which generate finely divided combustible waste or which 
use finely divided combustible materials. 

(d) 903.2.4 Group H. Automatic sprinkler systems shaU be 
provided in high-hazard occupancies as required in para- 



graphs (C)(2)(d)(i)(903.2.4.1) to (C)(2)(d)(iii)(903.2.4.3) of 
this rule. 

(i) 903.2.4.1 General. An automatic sprinkler system 
shall be installed in Group H occupancies. 

(ii) 903.2.4.2 Group H-5 occupancies. An automatic 
sprinkler system shall be installed throughout buildings 
containing Group H-5 occupancies. The design of the 
sprinkler system shall not be less than that required under 
the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the 
Administrative Code for the occupancy hazard classifica- 
tions in accordance with Table 903.2.4.2 of this rule. 

Where the design area of the sprinkler system consists 
of a corridor protected by one row of sprinklers, the maxi- 
mum number of sprinklers required to be calculated is 1 3 . 

TABLE 903.2.4.2 
GROUP H-5 SPRINKLER DESIGN CRITERIA 



LOCATION 


OCCUPANCY HAZARD 
CLASSIFICATION 


Fabrication areas 


Ordinary hazard group 2 


Service corridors 


Ordinary hazard group 2 


Storage rooms without dispensing 


Ordinary hazard group 2 


Storage rooms with dispensing 


Extra hazard group 2 


Corridors 


Ordinary hazard group 2 



(iii) 903.2.4.3 Pyroxylin plastics. An automatic sprinkler 
system shall be provided in buildings, or portions thereof, 
where cellulose nitrate film or pyroxyUn plastics are man- 
ufactured, stored or handled in quantities exceeding 100 
pounds (45 kg). 

(e) 903.2.5 Group I. An automatic sprinkler system shall be 
provided throughout buildings with a Group I fire area. 

Exception: An automatic sprinkler system installed in 
accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(ii)(903.3.1.2) or 
(C)(3)(a)(iii)(903.3.1.3) of this rule shall be allowed in 
Group I-l facilities. 

(f) 903.2.6 Group M. An automatic sprinkler system shall be 
provided throughout buildings containing a Group M occu- 
pancy where one of the following conditions exist: 

1 . Where a Group M fire area exceeds 1 2,000 square feet 
(1115 m2); 

2. Where a Group M fire area is located more than three 
stories above grade plane; or 

3. Where the combined area of aU Group M fire areas on 
all floors, including any mezzanines, exceeds 24,000 
square feet (2230 m^). 

(i) 903.2.6.1 High-piled storage. An automatic sprinkler 
system shall be provided as required in rule 1301:7-7-23 
of the Administrative Code in aU buildings of Group M 
where storage of merchandise is in high-piled or rack stor- 
age arrays. 

(g) 903.2.7 Group R. An automatic sprinkler system 
installed in accordance With paragraph (C)(3)(903.3) of this 
rule shaU be provided throughout aU buUdings with a Group 
R fire area. 



94 



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Exceptions: 

1. An automatic sprinkler system installed in accor- 
dance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(ii)(903.3.1.2) of 
this rule shall be allowed in buildings, or portions 
thereof, of Group R. 

2. An automatic sprinkler system installed in accor- 
dance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(iii)(903.3.1.3) of 
this rule shall be allowed in R-3 andR-4 buildings. 

3. An automatic sprinkler system installed in accor- 
dance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(ii)(903.3.1.2) or 
(C)(3)(a)(iii)(903.3.1.3) of this rule shall be 
allowed in one, two or three family dwellings con- 
structed of industrialized units. 

4. Buildings of Group R-2 permitted to have a single 
exit per Section 1018.2 of the building code as listed 
in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code 
where: 

4.1. The exit is constructed as an exterior stair 
per Section 1022 of the building code as 
listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Adminis- 
trative Code. 

4.2. The dwellings egress directly into an exit. 

4.3. Two-hour fire barriers divide the building 
into fire areas with a maximum of two 
dwelling units per floor and not more than 
six units per fire area, and; 

4.4. All units in the fire area must have separa- 
tions as required by Section 708.1 of the 
building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 
of the Administrative Code for dwelling 
units. 

(h) 903.2.8 Group S-1. An automatic sprinkler system shall 
be provided throughout all buildings containing a Group 
S-1 occupancy where one of the following conditions exist: 

1. Where a Group S-1 fire area exceeds 12,000 square 
feet (11 15 m2); 

2. Where a Group S- 1 fire area is located more than three 
stories above grade plane; or 

3. Where the combined area of all Group S-1 fire areas on 
all floors, including any mezzanines, exceeds 24,000 
square feet (2230 m^). 

(i) 903.2.8.1 Repair garages. An automatic sprinkler sys- 
tem shall be provided throughout all buildings used as 
repair garages in accordance with the building code as 
listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code, as 
follows: 

(a) Buildings two or more stories in height, including 
basements, with a fire area containing a repair 
garage exceeding 10,000 square feet (929 m^). 

(b) One-story buildings with a fire area containing a 
repair garage exceeding 12,000 square feet (1115 
m2). 

(c) Buildings with a repair garage servicing vehicles 
parked in the basement. 



(ii) 903.2.8.2 Bulk storage of tires. Buildings and struc- 
tures where the area for the storage of tires exceeds 20,000 
cubic feet (566 m^) shall be equipped throughout with an 
automatic sprinkler system in accordance v/iih paragraph 
(C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of this rule. 

(i) 903.2.9 Group S-2. An automatic sprinkler system shall 
be provided throughout buildings classified as an enclosed 
parking garage in accordance with the building code as listed 
in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code or where 
located beneath other groups. 

Exception: Enclosed parking garages located beneath 
Group R-3 occupancies. I I 

(i) 903.2.9.1 Commercial parking garages. An auto- 
matic sprinkler system shall be provided throughout 
buildings used for storage of commercial trucks or buses 
where the fire area exceeds 5,000 square feet (464 m^). 

(j) 903.2.10 All occupancies except Groups R-3 and U. An 

automatic sprinkler system shall be installed in locations set 
forth in paragraphs (C)(2)(j)(i)(903.2.10.1) to 
(C)(2)(j)(i)(c)(903.2.10.1.3) of this rule. 



Exception: Group R-3 and Group U. 

(i) 903.2.10.1 Stories and basements without openings. 

An automatic sprinkler system shall be installed in every 
story or basement of all buildings where the floor area 
exceeds 1,500 square feet (139.4 m^) and where there is 
not provided at least one of the following types of exterior 
wall openings: 

(a) Openings below grade that lead direcdy to ground 
level by an exterior stairway complying with 
paragraph (I)(1009) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the 
Administrative Code or an outside ramp comply- 
ing ^fjiih paragraph (J)(1010) of rule 1301:7-7-10 
of the Administrative Code. Openings shall be 
located in each 50 linear feet (15 240 mm), or Irac- 
tion thereof, of exterior wall in the story on at least 
one side. 

(b) Openings entirely above the adjoining ground 
level totaling at least 20 square feet (1.86 m^) in 
each 50 linear feet (15 240 mm), or fraction 
thereof, of exterior wall in the story on at least one 
side. 

(/) 903.2.10.1.1 Opening dimensions and access. 

Openings shall have a minimum dimension of not 
less than 30 inches (762 mm). Such openings shall 
be accessible to the fire department from the exterior 
and shall not be obstructed in a manner that fire fight- 
ing or rescue cannot be accomplished from the exte- 
rior. 

(ii) 903.2.10.1.2 Openings on one side only. Where 
openings in a story are provided on only one side and 
the opposite wall of such story is more than 75 feet (22 
860 mm) from such openings, the story shall be 
equipped throughout with an approved automatic 
sprinkler system or openings as specified above shall 
be provided on at least two sides of the story. 



II 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



95 



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(Hi) 903.2.10.1.3 Basements. Where any portion of a 
basement is located more than 75 feet (22 860 mm) 
from openings required by paragraph 
(C)(2)(j)(i)(903.2.10.1) of this rule, the basement shaU 
be equipped throughout with an approved automatic 
sprinkler system. 

(ii) 903.2.10.2 Rubbish and linen chutes. An automatic 
sprinkler system shall be installed at the top of rubbish 
and linen chutes and in their terminal rooms. Chutes 
extending through three or more floors shall have addi- 
tional sprinkler heads installed within such chutes at 
alternate floors. Chute sprinklers shall be accessible for 
servicing. 

(iii) 903.2.10.3 Buildings over 55 feet in height. An auto- 
matic sprinkler system shall be installed throughout build- 
ings with a floor level having an occupant load of 30 or 
more that is located 55 feet (16 764 mm) or more above the 
lowest level of fire department vehicle access. 

Exceptions: 

1. Airport control towers. 

2. Opening parking structures. 

3. Occupancies in Group F-2. 

(k) 903.2.11 During construction. Automatic sprinkler 
systems required during construction, alteration and demo- 
lition operations shall be provided in accordance v/iih para- 
graph (M)(1413) of rule 1301:7-7-14 of the Administrative 
Code. 

(1) 903.2.12 Other hazards. Automatic sprinkler protection 
shall be provided for the hazards indicated in paragraphs 
(C)(2)(l)(i)(903.2.12.1) and (C)(2)(l)(ii)(903.2.12.2) of this 
rule. 

(i) 903.2.12.1 Ducts conveying hazardous exhausts. 

Where required by the mechanical code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code, automatic sprin- 
klers shall be provided in ducts conveying hazardous 
exhaust, flammable or combustible materials. 

Exception: Ducts where the largest cross-sectional 
diameter of the duct is less than 10 inches (254 mm). 

(ii) 903.2.12.2 Commercial cooking operations. An 

automatic sprinkler system shall be installed in a commer- 
cial kitchen exhaust hood and duct system where an auto- 
matic sprinkler system is used to comply wiih paragraph 
(D)(904) of this rule. 

(m) 903.2.13 Other required suppression systems. In addi- 
tion to the requirements oi paragraph (C)(2)(903.2) of this 
rule, the provisions indicated in Table 903.2.13 of this rule 
also require the installation of a suppression system for cer- 
tain buildings and areas. 

(3) 903.3 Installation requirements. Automatic sprinkler sys- 
tems shall be designed and installed in accordance with para- 
graphs (C)(3)(a)(903.3.1) to (C)(3)(g)(903.3.7) of this rule. 

(a) 903.3.1 Standards. Sprinkler systems shall be designed 
and installed in accordance with paragraph 
(C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1), (C)(3)(a)(ii)(903.3.1.2) or 
(C)(3)(a)(iii)(903.3.1.3) of this rule. 



TABLE 903.2.13 
ADDITIONAL REQUIRED FIRE-EXTINGUISHING SYSTEMS 



SECTION 


SUBJECT 


914.2.1 


Covered malls 


914.3.1 


High rise buildings 


914.4.1 


Atriums 


914.5.1 


Underground structures 


914.6.1 


Stages 


914.7.1 


Special amusement buildings 


914.8.2, 914.8.5 


Aircraft hangars 


914.9 


Rammable finishes 


914.10 


Drying rooms 


1024.6.2.3 


Smoke-protected seating 


1208.2 


Dry cleaning plants 


1208.3 


Dry cleaning machines 


1504.1 


Spray finishing in Group A, E, I or R 


1504.6 


Spray booths and rooms 


1505.1 


Dip-tank rooms 


1505.6.1 


Dip tanks 


1505.8.4 


Hardening and tempering tanks 


1803.10 


HPM faciUties 


1803.10.1.1 


HPM work station exhaust 


1803.10.2 


HPM gas cabinets 


1803.10.3 


HPM corridors 


1803.10.4 


HPM exhaust 


1803.10.4.1 


HPM noncombustible ducts 


1803.10.4.2 


HPM combustible ducts 


1907.3 


Lumber production conveyor rooms 


1908.7 


Recycling faciUty conveyor rooms 


2106.1 


Class A and B ovens 


2106.2 


Class C and D ovens 


2209.3.2.6.2 


Hydrogen motor ftiel-dispensing area canopies 


Table 2306.2 


Storage fire protection 


2306.4 


Storage 


2703.8.4.1 


Gas rooms 


2703.8.5.3 


Exhausted enclosures 


2704.5 


Indoor storage of hazardous materials 


2705.1.8 


Indoor dispensing of hazardous materials 


2804.4.1 


Aerosol warehouses 


2806.3.2 


Aerosol display and merchandising areas 


2904.5 


Storage of more than 1,000 cubic feet of loose 
combustible fibers 


3306.5.2.1 


Storage of smokeless propellant 


3306.5.2.3 


Storage of small arms primers 


3404.3.7.5.1 


Flammable and combustible Uquid storage rooms 


3404.3.8.4 


Flammable and combustible Uquid storage warehouses 


3405.3.7.3 


Flammable and combustible liquid Group H-2 or H-3 areas 


3704.1.2 


Gas cabinets for highly toxic and toxic gas 


3704.1.3 


Exhausted enclosures for highly toxic and toxic gas 


3704.2.2.6 


Gas rooms for highly toxic and toxic gas 


3704.3.3 


Outdoor storage for highly toxic and toxic gas 


4106.2.2 


Exhausted enclosures or gas cabinets for silane gas 


4204.1.1 


Pyroxylin plastic storage cabinets 


4204.1.3 


PyroxyUn plastic storage vaults 


4204.2 


Pyroxyhn plastic storage and manufacturing 



96 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS 



(i) 903.3.1.1 NFPA 13 sprinkler systems. Where the 
provisions of this code require that a building or portion 
thereof be equipped throughout with an automatic sprin- 
kler system in accordance with this paragraph, sprin- 
klers shall be installed throughout in accordance with 
NFPA 13 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administra- 
tive Code except as provided in paragraph 
(C)(3)(a)(i)(aX903.3.1.LI) of this rule. 

(a) 903.3.1.1.1 Exempt locations. Automatic sprin- 
klers shall not be required in the following rooms or 
areas where such rooms or areas are protected with an 
approved automatic fire detection system in accor- 
dance with paragraph (G)(2)(907.2) of this rule that 
will respond to visible or invisible particles of com- 
bustion. Sprinklers shall not be omitted from any 
room merely because it is damp, of fire-resis- 
tance-rated construction or contains electrical equip- 
ment. 

(i) Any room where the application of water, or 
flame and water, constitutes a serious life or 
fire hazard. 

(ii) Any room or space where sprinklers are con- 
sidered undesirable because of the nature of 
the contents, when approved by the fire code 
official purswanr to paragraph (A)(1)(90L1} 
of this rule. At locations or in structures not 
regulated by the building code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code, the 
exempt location shall be approved by the fire 
code official prior to system installation. 

(Hi) Generator and transformer rooms separated 
from the remainder of the building by walls 
and floor/ceiling or roof/ceiling assemblies 
having a fire-resistance rating of not less than 
2 hours. 

(iv) In rooms or areas that are of noncombustible 
construction with wholly noncombustible 
contents. 

(ii) 903.3.1.2 NFPA 13R sprinkler systems. Where 
allowed in buildings of Group 1-1 and R, up to and 
including four stories in height, automatic sprinkler sys- 
tems shall be installed throughout in accordance with 
NFPA 13R as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Adminis- 
trative Code. 

(a) 903.3.1.2.1 Balconies and decks. Sprinkler pro- 
tection shall be provided for exterior balconies, decks 
and ground floor patios of dwelling units where the 
building is of Type V construction. Sidewall sprin- 
klers that are used to protect such areas shall be per- 
mitted to be located such that their deflectors are 
within 1 inch (25 mm) to 6 inches (152 nmi) below the 
structural members, and a maximum distance of 14 
inches (356 mm) below the deck of the exterior balco- 
nies and decks that are constructed of open wood joist 
construction. 

(iii) 903.3.1.3 NFPA 13D sprinkler systems. Where 
allowed, automatic sprinkler systems in Groups 1-1 and 



R, shall be installed throughout in accordance with 
NFPA 13D as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Adminis- 
trative Code. 

(b) 903.3.2 Quick-response and residential sprinklers. 

Where automatic sprinkler systems are required by this 
code, quick-response or residential automatic sprinklers 
shall be installed in the following areas in accordance with 
paragraph (C)(3)(a)(903.3.1) of this rule and their listings: 

(i) Throughout all spaces within a smoke compartment 
containing patient sleeping units in Group 1-2 in 
accordance with the building code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

(ii) Dwelling units and sleeping units in Group R and I- 1 
occupancies. 

(iii) Light-hazard occupancies as defined in NFPA 13 as 
listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative 
Code. 

(c) 903.3.3 Obstructed locations. Automatic sprinklers 
shall be installed with due regard to obstructions that will 
delay activation or obstruct the water distribution pattern. 
Automatic sprinklers shall be installed in or under covered 
kiosks, displays, booths, concession stands, or equipment 
that exceeds 4 feet (1219 mm) in width. Not less than a 
3-foot (914 mm) clearance shall be maintained between 
automatic sprinklers and the top of piles of combustible 
fibers. 

Exception: Kitchen equipment under exhaust hoods 
protected with a fire-extinguishing system in accordance 
with paragraph (D)(904) of this rule. 

(d) 903.3.4 Actuation. Automatic sprinkler systems shall 
be automatically actuated unless specifically provided for in 
this code. 

(e) 903.3.5 Water supplies. Water supplies for automatic 
sprinkler systems shall comply with this paragraph and the 
standards referenced in paragraph (C)(3)(a)(903.3.1) of 
this rule. The potable water supply shall be protected 
against backflow in accordance with the requirements of 
this paragraph and the plumbing code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

(i) 903.3.5.1 Domestic services. Where the domestic 
service provides the water supply for the automatic 
sprinkler system, the supply shall be in accordance with 
this paragraph. 

(a) 903.3.5.1.1 Limited area sprinkler systems. 

Limited area sprinkler systems serving fewer than 20 
sprinklers on any single connection are permitted to 
be connected to the domestic service where a wet 
automatic standpipe is not available. Limited area 
sprinkler systems connected to domestic water sup- 
plies shall comply with each of the following require- 
ments: 

(i) Valves shall not be installed between the do- 
mestic water riser control valve and the sprin- 
klers. 

Exception: An approved indicating control 
valve supervised in the open position in 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



97 



FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS 



II 



accordance with paragraph (C)(4)(903.4) of 
this rule. 

(ii) The domestic service shall be capable of sup- 
plying the simultaneous domestic demand 
and the sprinkler demand required to be hy- 
drauhcally calculated by NFPA 13, NFPA 
13R or NFPA 13D as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

(b) 903.3.5.1.2 Residential combination services. A 

single combination water supply shall be permitted 
provided that the domestic demand is added to the 
sprinkler demand as required by NFPA 13R as listed in 
rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

(ii) 903.3.5.2 Secondary water supply. A secondary 
on-site water supply equal to the hydrauhcaUy calculated 
sprinkler demand, including the hose stream requirement, 
shall be provided for high-rise buildings in seismic design 
category C, D, E or F as determined by the building code 
as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 
The secondary water supply shall have a duration not less 
than 30 minutes as determined by the occupancy hazard 
classification in accordance with NFPA 13 a^ listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

Exception: Existing buildings. 

(f) 903.3.6 Hose threads. Fire hose threads and fittings used 
in connection with automatic sprinkler systems shall be as 
prescribed by the fire code official. 

(g) 903.3.7 Fire department connections. The location of 
fire department connections shall be approved by the fire 
code official. 

(i) 907.3.7.1 Locking fire department connection 
("FDC") caps. Where required by the fire code official 
and the responding fire department carries appropriate 
key wrenches for removal, locking "FDC" caps on fire 
department connections for water-based fire protection 
systems shall be provided. 

(4) 903.4 Sprinkler system monitoring and alarms. All valves 
controlling the water supply for automatic sprinkler systems, 
pumps, tanks, water levels and temperatures, critical air pres- 
sures, and water-flow switches on all sprinkler systems shall be 
electrically supervised. 

Exceptions: 

1. Automatic sprinkler systems protecting one- and 
two-family dwellings. 

2. Limited area systems serving fewer than 20 sprinklers. 

3. Automatic sprinkler systems installed in accordance 
with NFPA 13R as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the 
Administrative Code where a common supply main is 
used to supply both domestic water and the automatic 
sprinkler system, and a separate shutoff valve for the 
automatic sprinkler system is not provided. 

4. Jockey pump control valves that are sealed or locked in 
the open position. 



5. Control valves to commercial kitchen hoods, paint 
spray booths or dip tanks that are sealed or locked in the 
open position. 

6. Valves controlling the fuel supply to fire pump engines 
that are sealed or locked in the open position. 

7. Trim valves to pressure switches in dry, preaction and 
deluge sprinkler systems that are sealed or locked in the 
open position. 

(a) 903.4.1 Signals. Alarm, supervisory and trouble signals 
shall be distinctly different and shall be automatically trans- 
mitted to an approved central station, remote supervising sta- 
tion or proprietary supervising station as defined in NFPA 72 
as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code or, 
when approved by the fire code official pursuant to para- 
graph (A)(l)(901.1) of this rule, shall sound an audible signal 
at a constantly attended location. At locations or in structures 
not regulated by the building code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code, the constantly 
attended location shall be approved by the fire code official 
prior to system installation. 

Exceptions: 

1. Underground key or hub valves in roadway boxes 
provided by the municipality or pubhc utihty are 
not required to be monitored. 

2. Backflow prevention device test valves, located in 
limited area sprinkler system supply piping, shall be 
locked in the open position. Li occupancies required 
to be equipped with a fire alarm system, the 
backflow preventer valves shall be electrically 
supervised by a tamper switch installed in accor- 
dance with NFPA 72 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 
of the Administrative Code and separately annunci- 
ated. 

(b) 903.4.2 Alarms. Approved audible devices shall be con- 
nected to every automatic sprinkler system. Such sprinkler 
water-flow alarm devices shall be activated by water flow 
equivalent to the flow of a single sprinkler of the smallest ori- 
fice size installed in the system. Alarm devices shall be pro- 
vided on the exterior of the building in an approved location. 
Where a fire alarm system is installed, actuation of the auto- 
matic sprinkler system shall actuate the building fire alarm 
system. 

(c) 903.4.3 Floor control valves. Approved supervised indi- 
cating control valves shall be provided at the point of connec- 
tion to the riser on each floor in high-rise buildings. 

(5) 903.5 Testing and maintenance. Sprinkler systems shall be 
tested and maintained in accordance -with paragraph (A)(901) of 
this rule. 

(6) 903.6 Existing buildings. The provisions of this paragraph 
are intended to provide a reasonable degree of safety in existing 
structures not complying with the minimum requirements of the 
building code as listed in rule 1301 : 7-7-45 of the Administrative 
Code by requiring installation of an automatic fire-extinguishing 
system. 

(a) 903.6.1 Pyroxylin plastics. All structures occupied for 
the manufacture or storage of articles of cellulose nitrate 



98 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS 



(pyroxylin) plastic shall be equipped with an approved auto- 
matic fire-extinguishing system. Vaults located within build- 
ings for the storage of raw pyroxylin shall be protected With 
an approved automatic sprinkler system capable of discharg- 
ing 1.66 gallons per minute per square foot (68 L/min/m^) 
over the area of the vault. 



(D) SECTION 904 

ALTERNATIVE AUTOMATIC 

FIRE-EXTINGUISHING SYSTEMS 

(1) 904.1 General. Automatic fire-extinguishing systems, other 
than automatic sprinkler systems, shall be designed, installed, 
inspected, tested and maintained in accordance with the provi- 
sions of this paragraph and the applicable referenced standards. 

(2) 904.2 Where required. Automatic fire-extinguishing sys- 
tems installed as an alternative to the required automatic sprin- 
kler systems of paragraph (C)(903) of this rule shall be 
approved by the fire code official pursuant to paragraph 
(A)(1)(901J) of this rule. At locations or in structures not regu- 
lated by the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the 
Administrative Code, the alternative automatic fire-extinguish- 
ing system shall be approved by the fire code official prior to sys- 
tem installation. Automatic fire-extinguishing systems shall not 
be considered alternatives for the purposes of exceptions or 
reductions permitted by other requirements of this code. 

(a) 904.2.1 Hood system suppression. Each required com- 
mercial kitchen exhaust hood and duct system required by 
paragraph (J)(610) of rule 1301:7-7-06 of the Administrative 
Code to have a Type I hood shall be protected with an 
approved automatic fire-extinguishing system installed in 
accordance with this code. 

(3) 904.3 Installation. Automatic fire-extinguishing systems 
shall be installed in accordance with this paragraph. 

(a) 904.3.1 Electrical wiring. Electrical wiring shall be in 
accordance with the building code and NFPA 70 as listed in 
rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

(b) 904.3.2 Actuation. Automatic fire-extinguishing sys- 
tems shall be automatically actuated and provided with a 
manual means of actuation in accordance with paragraph 
(D)(ll)(a}(904Jl.l) of this rule. 

(c) 904.3.3 System interlocking. Automatic equipment 
interlocks with fuel shutoffs, ventilation controls, door 
closers, window shutters, conveyor openings, smoke and heat 
vents, and other features necessary for proper operation of the 
fire-extinguishing system shall be provided as required by the 
design and installation standard utilized for the hazard. 

(d) 904.3.4 Alarms and warning signs. Where alarms are 
required to indicate the operation of automatic fire-extin- 
guishing systems, distinctive audible, visible alarms and 
warning signs shall be provided to warn of pending agent dis- 
charge. Where exposure to automatic-extinguishing agents 
pose a hazard to persons and a delay is required to ensure the 
evacuation of occupants before agent discharge, a separate 
warning signal shall be provided to alert occupants once 
agent discharge has begun. Audible signals shall be in accor- 
dance with paragraph (G)(10}(b)(907.10.2) of this rule. 



(e) 904.3.5 Monitoring. Where a building fire alarm system 
is installed, automatic fire-extinguishing systems shall be 
monitored by the building fire alarm system in accordance 
with NFPA 72 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Adminis- 
trative Code. 

(4) 904.4 Inspection and testing. Automatic fire-extinguishing 
systems shall be inspected and tested in accordance with the pro- 
visions of this paragraph prior to acceptance. 

(a) 904.4.1 Inspection. Prior to conducting final acceptance 
tests, the following items shall be inspected: 

(i) Hazard specification for consistency with design 
hazard. 

(ii) Type, location and spacing of automatic- and man- 
ual-initiating devices. 

(Hi) Size, placement and position of nozzles or discharge 
orifices. 

(iv) Location and identification of audible and visible 
alarm devices. 

(v) Identification of devices with proper designations. 

(vi) Operating instinctions. 

(b) 904.4.2 Alarm testing. Notification appliances, connec- 
tions to fire alarm systems, and connections to approved 
supervising stations shall be tested in accordance with this 
paragraph and paragraph (G)(907) of this rule to verify 
proper operation. 

(i) 904.4.2.1 Audible and visible signals. The audibiUty 
and visibiUty of notification appUances signaling agent 
discharge or system operation, where required, shall be 
verified. 

(c) 904.4.3 Monitor testing. Connections to protected pre- 
mises and supervising station fire alarm systems shall be 
tested to verify proper identification and retransmission of 
alarms from automatic fire-extinguishing systems. 

(5) 904.5 Wet-chemical systems. Wet-chemical extinguishing 
systems shall be installed, maintained, periodically inspected 
and tested in accordance with NFPA 17 A as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code and their Usting. 

(a) 904.5.1 System test. Systems shall be inspected and 
tested for proper operation at 6-month intervals. Tests shall 
include a check of the detection system, alarms and releasing 
devices, including manual stations and other associated 
equipment. Extinguishing system units shall be weighed and 
the required amount of agent verified. Stored pressure-type 
units shall be checked for the required pressure. The cartridge 
of cartridge-operated units shall be weighed and replaced at 
intervals indicated by the manufacturer. 

(b) 904.5.2 Fusible link maintenance. Fixed tempera- 
ture-sensing elements shall be maintained in accordance with 
NFPA 17A as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative 
Code to ensure proper operation of the system. 

(6) 904.6 Dry-chemical systems. Dry-chemical extinguishing 
systems shall be installed, maintained, periodically inspected 
and tested in accordance with NFPA 17 a^ listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code and their hsting. 



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(a) 904.6.1 System test. Systems shall be inspected and 
tested for proper operation at 6-month intervals. Tests shall 
include a check of the detection system, alarms and releasing 
devices, including manual stations and other associated 
equipment. Extinguishing system units shall be weighed, and 
the required amount of agent verified. Stored pressure-type 
units shall be checked for the required pressure. The cartridge 
of cartridge-operated units shall be weighed and replaced at 
intervals indicated by the manufacturer. 

(b) 904.6.2 Fusible link maintenance. Fixed tempera- 
ture-sensing elements shall be maintained to ensure proper 
operation of the system. 

(7) 904.7 Foam systems. Foam-extinguishing systems shall be 
installed, maintained, periodically inspected and tested in accor- 
dance with NFPA 11, NFPA 1 1 A and NFPA 16 as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code and their listing. 

(a) 904.7.1 System test. Foam-extinguishing systems shall 
be inspected and tested at intervals in accordance with NFPA 
25 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

(8) 904.8 Carbon dioxide systems. Carbon dioxide extinguish- 
ing systems shall be installed, maintained, periodically 
inspected and tested in accordance with NFPA 12 as listed in 
rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code and their hsting. 

(a) 904.8.1 System test. Systems shall be inspected and 
tested for proper operation at 12-month intervals. 

(b) 904.8.2 High-pressure cylinders. High-pressure cylin- 
ders shall be weighed and the date of the last hydrostatic test 
shall be verified at 6-month intervals. Where a container 
shows a loss in original content of more than 10 per cent, the 
cylinder shall be refilled or replaced. 

(c) 904.8.3 Low-pressure containers. The Uquid-level 
gauges of low-pressure containers shall be observed at 
one-week intervals. Where a container shows a content loss 
of more than 10 per cent, the container shall be refilled to 
maintain the minimum gas requirements. 

(d) 904.8.4 System hoses. System hoses shall be examined at 
12-month intervals for damage. Damaged hoses shall be 
replaced or tested. At five-year intervals, all hoses shall be 
tested. 

(i) 904.8.4.1 Test procedure. Hoses shall be tested at not 
less than 2,500 pounds per square inch (psi) (17 238 kPa) 
for high-pressure systems and not less than 900 psi (6206 
kPa) for low-pressure systems. 

(e) 904.8.5 Auxiliary equipment. Auxihary and supplemen- 
tary components, such as switches, door and window 
releases, interconnected valves, damper releases and supple- 
mentary alarms, shall be manually operated at 12-month 
intervals to ensure that such components are in proper operat- 
ing condition. 

(9) 904.9 Halon systems. Halogenated extinguishing systems 
shall be installed, maintained, periodically inspected and tested 
in accordance with NFPA 12A as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of 
the Administrative Code and their listing. 



(a) 904.9.1 System test. Systems shall be inspected and 
tested for proper operation at 12-month intervals. 

(b) 904.9.2 Containers. The extinguishing agent quantity 
and pressure of containers shall be checked at 6-month inter- 
vals. Where a container shows a loss in original weight of 
more than 5 per cent or a loss in original pressure (adjusted 
for temperature) of more than 10 per cent, the container shall 
be refilled or replaced. The weight and pressure of the con- 
tainer shall be recorded on a tag attached to the container. 

(c) 904.9.3 System hoses. System hoses shall be examined at 
12-month intervals for damage. Damaged hoses shall be 
replaced or tested. At 5-year intervals, all hoses shall be 
tested. 

(i) 904.9.3.1 Test procedure. For Halon 1301 systems, 
hoses shall be tested at not less than 1 ,500 psi ( 10 343 kPa) 
for 600 psi (4137 kPa) charging pressure systems and not 
less than 900 psi (6206 kPa) for 360 psi (2482 kPa) charg- 
ing pressure systems. For Halon 1211 hand-hose line sys- 
tems, hoses shall be tested at 2,500 psi (17 238 kPa) for 
high-pressure systems and 900 psi (6206 kPa) for 
low-pressure systems. 

(d) 904.9.4 Auxiliary equipment. Auxihary and supple- 
mentary components, such as switches, door and window 
releases, interconnected valves, damper releases and supple- 
mentary alarms, shall be manually operated at 12-month 
intervals to ensure such components are in proper operating 
condition. 

(10) 904.10 Clean-agent systems. Clean-agent fire-extinguish- 
ing systems shall be installed, maintained, periodically 
inspected and tested in accordance with NFPA 2001 as listed in 
rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code and their hsting. 

(a) 904.10.1 System test. Systems shall be inspected and 
tested for proper operation at 12-month intervals. 

(b) 904.10.2 Containers. The extinguishing agent quantity 
and pressure of the containers shall be checked at 6-month 
intervals. Where a container shows a loss in original weight 
of more than 5 per cent or a loss in original pressure, adjusted 
for temperature, of more than 10 per cent, the container shall 
be refilled or replaced. The weight and pressure of the con- 
tainer shall be recorded on a tag attached to the container. 

(c) 904.10.3 System hoses. System hoses shall be examined 
at 12-month intervals for damage. Damaged hoses shall be 
replaced or tested. All hoses shall be tested at 5-year intervals. 

(11) 904.11 Commercial cooking systems. The automatic fire 
extinguishing system for commercial cooking systems shall be 
of a type recognized for protection of commercial cooking 
equipment and exhaust systems of the type and arrangement 
protected. Preengineered automatic dry- and wet-chemical 
extinguishing systems shall be tested in accordance with UL 300 
as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code and 
hsted and labeled for the intended apphcation. Other types of 
automatic fire extinguishing systems, shall be hsted and labeled 
for specific use as protection for conmiercial cooking opera- 
tions. The system shall be installed in accordance with this code, 



100 



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its listing and the manufacturer's installation instructions. Auto- 
matic fire extinguishing systems of the following types shall be 
installed in accordance with the referenced standard indicated, 
as follows: 

1 . Carbon dioxide extinguishing systems, NFPA 12 as listed 
in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

2. Automatic sprinkler systems, NFPA 13 as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

3. Foam-water sprinkler system or foam-water spray sys- 
tems, NFPA \6as listed in rule 1301 : 7- 7-45 of the Admin- 
istrative Code. 

4. Dry-chemical extinguishing systems, NFPA 11 as listed 
in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

5. Wet-chemical extinguishing systems, NFPA 17A as 
listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

Exception: Factory built commercial cooking recirculating 
systems that are tested in accordance with UL 710B as listed 
in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code, and Usted, 
labeled and installed in accordance with Section 304. 1 of the 
mechanical code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Admin- 
istrative Code. 

(a) 904.11.1 Manual system operation. A manual actuation 
device shaU be located at or near a means of egress from the 
cooking area, a minimum of 10 feet (3048 mm) and a maxi- 
mum of 20 feet (6096 mm) from the kitchen exhaust system. 
The manual actuation device shall be installed not more than 
48 inches (1200 mm) nor less than 42 inches (1067 mm) 
above the floor and shall clearly identify the hazard pro- 
tected. The manual actuation shall require a maximum force 
of 40 pounds (178 N) and a maximum movement of 14 
inches (356 mm) to actuate the fire suppression system. 

Exception: Automatic sprinkler systems shall not be 
required to be equipped with manual actuation means. 

(b) 904.11.2 System interconnection. The actuation of the 
fire suppression system shall automatically shut down the 
fuel or electrical power supply to the cooking equipment. The 
fiiel and electrical supply reset shall be manual. 

(c) 904.11.3 Carbon dioxide systems. When carbon dioxide 
systems are used, there shaU be a nozzle at the top of the ven- 
tilating duct. Additional nozzles that are symmetrically 
arranged to give uniform distribution shall be installed within 
vertical ducts exceeding 20 feet (6096 mm) and horizontal 
ducts exceeding 50 feet (15 240 mm). Dampers shall be 
installed at either the top or the bottom of the duct and shall be 
arranged to operate automatically upon activation of the 
fire-extinguishing system. When the damper is installed at 
the top of the duct, the top nozzle shall be immediately below 
(he dWper. Automa ti/carboo dioxide fire-extinguishing 
systems shall be sufficiently sized to protect all hazards vent- 
ing through a common duct simultaneously. 

(i) 904.11.3.1 Ventilation system. Commercial-type 
cooking equipment protected by an automatic carbon 
dioxide extinguishing system shall be arranged to shut off 
the ventilation system upon activation. 

(d) 904.11.4 Special provisions for automatic sprinkler 
systems. Automatic sprinkler systems protecting commer- 



cial-type cooking equipment shall be supplied from a sepa- 
rate, readily ^cessible, indicating-type control valve that is 
identified. 

(i) 904.11.4.1 Listed sprinklers. Sprinklers used for die 
protwtion of iryers shall be tested in accordance with UL 
199E as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative 
Code, listed for that application and installed in accor- 
dance with their listing 

(e) 904.11.5 Portable fire extinguishers for commercial I 
cooking equipment. Portable fire extinguishers shall be pro- 
vided within a 30-foot (9144 mm) travel distance of commer- 
cial-type cooking equipment. Cooking equipment involving 
vegetable or animal oils andfatsshall be protectedbyaClass 
K rated portable extinguisher. 

(i) 904.11.5.1 Portable iSre extinguishers for solid fuel 
cooking appliances. All solid fuel cooking appliances, 
whether or not under a hood, with fireboxes 5 cubic feet 
(0.14 m^) or less in volume shall have a minimum 
2.5-gallon (9 L) or two 1.5-gallon (6 L) Class K 
wet-chemical portable fire extinguishers located in 
accordance v^ith paragraph (D)(ll)(e)(904.1L5) of this 
rule. 

(ii) 904.11.5.2 Class K portable fire extinguishers for 
deep fat fryers. When hazard areas include deep fat fty- 
ers, listed Class K portable fire extinguishers shall be 
provided as follows; 

(a) For up to four fi-yers having a maximum cooking 
medium capacity of 80 pounds (36.3 kg) each: One 
Class K portable fire extinguisher of a minimum 1 .5 
gallon (6 L) capacity. 

(b) For every additional group of four fryers having a 
maximum cooking medium capacity of 80 pounds 
(36.3 kg) each: One additional Class K portable fire 
extinguisher of a minimum 1.5 gallon (6 L) capacity 
shall be provided. 

(c) For individual fryers exceeding 6 square feet (0.55 
m^) in surface area: Class K portable fire 
extinguishers shall be installed in accordance with the 
extinguisher manufacturer's recommendations. 

(f) 904.11,6 Operations and maintenance. Commercial 
cooking systems shall be operated and maintained in accor- 
dance with this paragraph. 

(i) 904.11.6.1 Ventilation system. The ventilation system 
in connection with hoods shall be operated at the required 
rate of air movement, and classified grease filters shall be 
m place when equipment under a kitchen grease hood is 
used. 

(ii) 904.11.6.2 Grease extractors. Where grease exti^ac- 
tors are installed, they shall be operated when the com- 
mercial-type cooking equipment is used. 

(iii) 904.11.6.3 Cleaning. Hoods, grease-removal 
devices, fans, ducts and other appurtenances shall be 
cleaned at intervals necessary to prevent the accumulation 
of grease. Cleanings shall be recorded, and records shall 
state the extent, time and date of cleaning. Such records 
ShaU be maintained on the premises. 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



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(iv) 904.11.6.4 Extinguishing system service. Automatic 
fire-extinguishing systems shall be serviced at least every 6 
months and after activation of the system. Inspection shall 
be by qualified individuals, and a certificate of inspection 
shall be forwarded to the fire code official upon completion. 

(y) 904.11.6.5 Fusible link and sprinkler head replace- 
ment. Fusible links and automatic sprinkler heads shall be 
replaced at least annually, and other fire protection devices 
shall be serviced or replaced in accordance v^'ith the manu- 
facturer's instructions. 

Exception: Frangible bulbs are not required to be 
replaced annually. 



(E) SECTION 905 
STANDPIPE SYSTEMS 

(1) 905.1 General. Standpipe systems shall be provided in new 
buildings and structures in accordance with this paragraph. Fire 
hose threads used in connection with standpipe systems shall be 
approved and shall be compatible with fire department hose 
threads. The location of fire department hose connections shall 
be approved. In buildings used for high-piled combustible stor- 
age, fire protection shall be in accordance with rule 1301:7-7-23 
of the Administrative Code. 

(2) 905.2 Installation standards. Standpipe systems shall be 
installed in accordance with this paragraph and NFPA 14 as 
listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

(3) 905.3 Required installations. Standpipe systems shall be 
installed where required by paragraphs (E)(3)(a)(905.3.1) to 
(E)(3)(f)(905.3.6) of this rule and in the locations indicated in 
paragraphs (E)(4)(905.4), (E)(5)(905.5) and (E)(6)(905.6) of 
this rule. Standpipe systems are permitted to be combined with 
automatic sprinkler systems. 

Exception: Standpipe systems are not required in Group R-3 
occupancies. 

(a) 905.3.1 Building height. Class HI standpipe systems 
shall be installed throughout buildings where the floor level 
of the highest story is located more than 30 feet (9144 nmi) 
above the lowest level of the fire department vehicle access, 
or where the floor level of the lowest story is located more 
than 30 feet (9144 mm) below the highest level of fire depart- 
ment vehicle access. 

Exceptions: 

1. Class I standpipes are allowed in buildings 
equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler 
system in accordance with paragraph 
(C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) or (C)(3)(a)(ii)(903.3.1.2) 
of this rule. 

2. Class I manual standpipes are allowed in open park- 
ing garages where the highest floor is located not 
more than 150 feet (45 720 mm) above the lowest 
level of fire department vehicle access. 

3. Class I manual dry standpipes are allowed in open 
parking garages that are subject to freezing temper- 
atures, provided that the hose connections are 



located as required for Class 11 standpipes in accor- 
dance v/ilh paragraph (E)(5)(905.5) of this rule. 

4. Class I standpipes are allowed in basements 
equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler 
system. 

5. In determining the lowest level of fijre department 
vehicle access, it shall not be required to consider: 

5.1. Recessed loading docks for four vehicles 
or less, and 

5.2. Conditions where topography makes 
access from the fire department vehicle to 
the building impractical or impossible. 

(b) 905.3.2 Group A. Class I automatic wet standpipes shall 
be provided in nonsprinklered Group A buildings having an 
occupant load exceeding 1,000 persons. 

Exceptions: 

1. Open-air-seating spaces without enclosed spaces. 

2. Class I automatic dry and semiautomatic dry 
standpipes or manual wet standpipes are allowed 
in buildings where the highest floor surface used 
for human occupancy is 75 feet (22 860 mm) or 
less above the lowest level of fire department vehi- 
cle access. 

(c) 905.3.3 Covered maU buildings. A covered mall building 
shall be equipped throughout with a standpipe system where 
required by /)ara^ra/7/i (EX3Xa)(905.3.1) of this rule. Covered 
mall buildings not required to be equipped with a standpipe 
system by paragraph (E)(3)(a}(905.3.1) of this rule shall be 
equipped with Class I hose connections connected to a system 
sized to deliver 250 gallons per minute (946.4 L/min) at the 
most hydraulically remote outiet. Hose connections shah be 
provided at each of the following locations: 

(i) Within the mall at the entrance to each exit passage- 
way or corridor. 

(ii) At each floor-level landing within enclosed stairways 
opening direcfly on the maU. 

(Hi) At exterior pubUc entrances to the mall. 

(d) 905.3.4 Stages. Stages greater than 1,000 square feet in 
area (93 m^) shall be equipped with a Class IH wet standpipe 
system with 1.5-inch and 2.5-inch (38 mm and 64 nmi) hose 
connections on each side of the stage. 

Exception: Where the building or area is equipped 
throughout with an automatic sprinkler system, a 1 V2 inch 
(38 nrni) hose connection shall be installed in accordance 
with NFPA 13 as listedin rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Admin- 
istrative Code or in accordance with NFPA 14 as listed in 
rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code for Class n 
or in standpipes. 

(i) 905.3.4.1 Hose and cabinet. The 1.5-inch (38 nmi) 
hose connections shall be equipped with sufficient lengths 
of 1 .5-inch (38 mm) hose to provide fire protection for the 
stage area. Hose connections shall be equipped with an 
approved adjustable fog nozzle and be mounted in a cabi- 
net or on a rack. 



102 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS 



(e) 9053.5 Underground buildings. Underground build- 
ings shall be equipped throughout with a Class I automatic 
wet or manual wet standpipe system. 

(f) 905.3.6 Helistops and heliports. Buddings with a 
helistop or heliport that are equipped with a standpipe shall 
extend the standpipe to the roof level on which the helistop or 
heliport is located in accordance with paragraph (G)(5) 
(1107.5) of rule 1301:7-7-11 of the Administrative Code. 

(g) 905.3.7 Marinas and boatyards. Marinas and 
boatyards shall be equipped throughout with standpipe sys- 
tems in accordance with NFPA 303 as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

(4) 905.4 Location of Class I standpipe hose connections. 

Class I standpipe hose connections shall be provided in all of the 
following locations: 

1. In every required stairway, ahosecomiection shaUbe pro- 
vided for each floor level above or below grade. Hose con- 
nections shaU be located at an intermediate floor level 
landing between floors, unless otherwise approved by the 
fire code official. 

2. On each side of the wall adjacent to the exit opening of a 
horizontal exit. 

Exception : Where floor areas adjacent to a horizontal 
exit are reachable from exit stairway hose connec- 
tions by a 30-foot (9 144 mm) hose stream from a noz- 
zle attached to 100 feet (30 480 mm) of hose, a hose 
connection shall not be required at the horizontal exit, 

3 . In every exit passageway at the entrance from the exit pas- 
sageway to other areas of a building. 

4. In covered mall buddings, adjacent to each exterior public 
entrance to the mall and adjacent to each entrance from an 
exit passageway or exit corridor to the mall. 

5. Where die roof has a slope less dian four units vertical in 
12 units horizontal (33.3-per cent slope), each standpipe 
shall be provided with a hose connection located either on 
the roof or at the highest landing of stairways with stair 
access to the roof. An additional hose connection shaU be 
provided at the top of the most hydrauUcally remote 
standpipe for testing purposes. 

6. Where the most remote portion of a nonsprinklered floor 
or story is more than 150 feet (45 720 mm) from a hose 
connection or the most remote portion of a sprinklered 
floor or story is more than 200 feet (60 960 mm) from a 
hose connection, the fire code official is authorized to 
require that additional hose connections be provided in 
approved locations, 

(a) 905.4.1 Protection. Risers and laterals of Class I 
standpipe systems not located within an enclosed stairway or 
pressurized enclosure shall be protected by a degree of fire 
Listace equal to U.at required for vertical enclosures in the 
building in which they are located. 

Exception: In buildings equipped fliroughout with an 
approved automatic sprinkler system, laterals that are not 
located within an enclosed stairway or pressurized enclo- 



sure are not required to be enclosed within 
fire-resistance-rated construction. 

(b) 905.4.2 Interconnection. In buddings where more than 
one standpipe is provided, the standpipes shaU be intercon- 
nected in accordance with NFPA 14 as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

(5) 905.5 Location of Class II standpipe hose connections. 

Class n standpipe hose connections shall be accessible and shall 
be located so that all portions of the building are within 30 feet 
(9 144 mm) of a nozzle attached to 1 00 feet (30 480 mm) of hose. 

(a) 905.5.1 Groups A-1 and A-2. In Group A-1 and A-2 
occupancies with occupant loads of more than 1,000, hose 
connections shall be located on each side of any stage, on 
each side of the rear of the auditorium, on each side of the bal- 
cony, and on each tier of dressing rooms. 

(b) 905.5 J Protection. Fire-resistance-rated protection of ris- 
ers and laterals of Class n sUmdpipe systems is not required. 

(c) 905.5.3 Class II system l-inch hose. A minimum 1-inch 
(25 mm) hose shall be allowed to be used for hose stations in 
light-hazard occupancies where investigated and Usted for 
this service and where approved by the fire code official pMr- 
suant to paragraph (A)(l)(901.1) of this rule. At locations or 
in structures not regulated by the building code as listed in 
rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code, the 1-inch (25 
mm) hose shall be approved by the fire code official prior to 
system installation. 

{€) 905.6 Location of Class HI standpipe hose connections. 

Class HI standpipe systems shall have hose connections located 
as required for Class I standpipes m paragraph (E)(4)(905.4) of 
this rule and shall have Class II hose connections as required in 
paragraph (E)(5)(905.5) of this rule. 

(a) 905.6.1 Protection. Risers and laterals for Class HI 
standpipe systen^ shall be protected as required for Class I 
systems in accordance with paragraph (E)(4)(a)(905.4.1) of 
this rule. 

(b) ^5.6.2 Interconnection. In buildings where more than 
one Class in standpipe is provided, the standpipes shall be 
interconnected at the bottom. 

(7) 905.7 Cabinets. Cabinets containing fire-fighting equip- 
ment, such as standpipes, fire hose, fire extinguishers or fire 
department valves, shall not be blocked from use or obscured 
from view, 

(a) 905.7.1 Cabinet equipment identification. Cabinets 
shall be identified in an approved manner by a permanently 
attached sign with letters not less than 2 inches (5 1 mm) high 
in a color that contrasts with the background color, indicating 
the equipment contained therein. 

Exceptions: 

1. Doors not large enough to accommodate a written 
sign shall be marked widi a permanently attached 
pictogram of the equipment contained therein. 

2. Doors that have eitiier an approved visual identifr- 
cation clear glass panel or a complete glass door 
panel are not required to be marked. 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



103 



FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS 



(b) 905.7.2 Locking cabinet doors. Cabinets shall be 
unlocked. 

Exceptions: 

1. Visual identification panels of glass or other 
approved transparent frangible material that is eas- 
ily broken and allows access. 

2. Approved locking arrangements. 

3. Use Group 1-3. 

(8) 905.8 Dry standpipes. Dry standpipes shall not be installed. 

Exception: Where subject to freezing and in accordance 
with NFPA 14 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Adminis- 
trative Code. 

(9) 905.9 Valve supervision. Valves controlling water supplies 
shall be supervised in the open position so that a change in the 
normal position of the valve will generate a supervisory signal 
at the supervising station required by paragraph (C)(4)(903.4) 
of this rule. Where a fire alarm system is provided, a signal shall 
also be transmitted to the control unit. 

Exceptions: 

1. Valves to underground key or hub valves in roadway 
boxes provided by the municipality or public utiUty 
do not require supervision. 

2. Valves locked in the normal position and inspected as 
provided in this code in buildings not equipped with a 
fire alarm system. 

(10) 905.10 During construction. Standpipe systems required 
during construction and demolition operations shall be pro- 
vided in accordance with paragraph (M)(1413) of rule 
1301:7-7-14 of the Administrative Code. 

(11) 905.11 Existing buildings. Existing structures with occu- 
pied floors located more than 50 feet (15 240 mm) above or below 
the lowest level of fire department access shall be equipped with 
standpipes installed in accordance with paragraph (E)(905) of 
this rule. The standpipes shall have an approved fire department 
connection with hose connections at each floor level above or 
below the lowest level of fire department access. The fire code 
official is authorized to approve the installation of manual 
standpipe systems to achieve compliance with this paragraph 
where the responding fire department is capable of providing the 
required hose flow at the highest standpipe outlet. 



(F) SECTION 906 
PORTABLE FIRE EXTINGUISHERS 

(1) 906.1 Where required. Portable fire extinguishers shall be 
installed in the following locations: 

(a) In all new and existing Group A, B, E, F, H, I, M, R-1, 
R-2, R-4 and S occupancies. 

(b) Within 30 feet (9144 mm) of commercial cooking 
equipment. 



(c) In areas where flammable or combustible liquids are 
stored, used or dispensed. 

(d) On each floor of structures under construction, except 
Group R-3 occupancies, in accordance "with paragraph 
(0)(1)(1415.1) of rule 1301:7-7-14 of the Administra- 
tive Code. 

(e) Where required by the paragraphs indicated in Table 
906.1 of this rule. 

(f) Special-hazard areas, including but not limited to labo- 
ratories, computer rooms, and generator rooms, where 
required by the fire code official. 

(2) 906.2 General requirements. Fire extinguishers shall be 
selected, installed and maintained in accordance with this 
paragraph and NFPA 10 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the 
Administrative Code. 

Exceptions: 

1. The travel distance to reach an extinguisher shall not 
apply to the spectator seating portions of Group A-5 
occupancies. 

2. Thirty-day inspections shall not be required and 
maintenance shall be allowed to be once every three 
years for dry-chemical or halogenated agent portable 
fire extinguishers that are supervised by a Usted and 
approved electronic monitoring device, provided that 
all of the following conditions are met: 

2.1. Electronic monitoring shall confirm that 
extinguishers are properly positioned, prop- 
erly charged and unobstructed. 

2.2. Loss of power or circuit continuity to the elec- 
tronic monitoring device shall initiate a trou- 
ble signal. 

2.3. The extinguishers shall be installed inside of a 
building or cabinet in a noncorrosive environ- 
ment. 

2.4. Electronic monitoring devices and supervi- 
sory circuits shall be tested every three years 
when extinguisher maintenance is performed. 

2.5. A written log of required hydrostatic test dates 
for extinguishers shall be maintained by the 
owner to ensure that hydrostatic tests are con- 
ducted at the frequency required by NFPA 10 
as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Adminis- 
trative Code. 

(3) 906.3 Size and distribution. For occupancies that involve 
primarily Class A fire hazards, the minimum sizes and distribu- 
tion shall comply with Table 906.3(1) of this rule. Fire 
extinguishers for occupancies involving flammable or com- 
bustible liquids with depths of less than or equal to 0.25-inch 
(6.35 mm) shall be selected and placed in accordance with 
Table 906.3(2) of this rule. Fire extinguishers for occupancies 
involving flammable or combustible Uquids with a depth of 
greater than 0.25-inch (6.35 mm) or involving combustible 



104 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



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TABLE 906.1 
ADDITIONAL REQUIRED PORTABLE FIRE EXTINGUISHERS 



PARAGRAPH 


SUBJECT 


Paragraph (C)(5)(303.5) of rule 1301:7-7-03 of the Administrative Code 


Asphalt kettles 


Paragraph (G)(4)(307.4) of rule 1301:7-7-03 of the Administrative Code 


Open burning 


Paragraph (H)(4)(308.4) of rule 1301:7-7-03 of the Administrative Code 


Open flames 


Paragraph (I)(4)(309.4) of rule 1301:7-7-03 of the Administrative Code 


Powered industrial trucks 


Paragraph (E)(2)(l 105.2) of rule 1301:7-7-11 of the Administrative Code 


Aircraft towing vehicles 


Paragraph (E)(3)(1105.3) of rule 1301:7-7-11 of the Administrative Code 


Aircraft welding apparatus 


Paragraph (E)(4)( 1105.4) of rule 1301:7-7-11 of the Administrative Code 


Aircraft fuel-servicing tank vehicles 


Paragraph (E)(5)(l 105.5) of rule 1301:7-7-11 of the Administrative Code 


Aircraft hydrant fuel-servicing vehicles 


Paragraph (E)(6)( 1105.6) of rule 1301:7-7-11 of the Administi-ative Code 


Aircraft fuel-dispensing stations 


Paragraph (G)(7)(l 107.7) of rule 1301:7-7-11 of the Administrative Code 


Heliports and helistops 


Paragraph (H)(4)( 1208.4) of rule 1301:7-7-12 of the Administrative Code 


Dry cleaning plants 


Paragraph (0)(1)(1415.1) of rule 1301:7-7-14 of the Administrative Code 


Buildings under construction or demolition 


Paragraph (Q)(3)(1417.3) of rule 1301:7-7-14 of the Administrative Code 


Roofing operations 


Paragraph (D)(6)(d)(1504.6.4) of rule 1301:7-7-15 of the Administrative Code 


Spray-finishing operations 


Paragraph (E)(5)(1505.5) of rule 1301:7-7-15 of the Administrative Code 


Dip-tank operations 


Paragraph (F)(4)(b)( 1506.4.2) of rule 1301:7-7-15 of the Administrative Code 


Powder-coating areas 


Paragraph (D)(2)(1904.2) of rule 1301:7-7-19 of the Administrative Code 


Lumberyards/woodworking facilities 


Paragraph (H)(8)( 1908.8) of rule 1301:7-7-19 of the Administrative Code 


Recycling faciUties 


Paragraph (I)(5)( 1909.5) of rule 1301:7-7-19 of the Administi-ative Code 


Exterior lumber storage 


Paragraph (C)(5)(2003.5) of rule 1301:7-7-20 of the Administi-ative Code 


Organic-coating areas 


Paragraph (F)(3)(2106.3) of rule 1301:7-7-21 of the Administrative Code 


Industrial ovens 


Paragraph (E)(5)(2205.5) of rule 1301:7-7-22 of the Administrative Code 


Motor fuel-dispensing faciUties 


Paragraph (J)(6)(d)(2210.6.4) of rule 1301:7-7-22 of the Administrative Code 


Marine motor fuel-dispensing faciUties 


Paragraph (K)(6)(2211.6) of rule 1301:7-7-22 of the Administi-ative Code 


Repair garages 


Paragraph (F)(10)(2306.10) of rule 1301:7-7-23 of the Administi-ative Code 


Rack storage 


Paragraph (D)(12)(2404.12) of rule 1301:7-7-24 of the Administrative Code 


Tents, canopies and membrane structures 


Paragraph (H)(2)(2508.2) of rule 1301:7-7-25 of the Administi-ative Code 


Tire rebuilding/storage 


Paragraph (D)(2)(f)(2604.2.6) of rule 1301:7-7-26 of the Administrative Code 


Welding and other hot work 


Paragraph (C)(6)(2903.6) of rule 1301:7-7-29 of the Administrative Code 


Combustible fibers 


Paragraph (C)(2)(a)(3403.2.1) of rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code 


Hammable and combustible Uquids, general 


Paragraph (D)(3)(c)(i)(3404.3.3.1) of rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code 


Indoor storage of flammable and combustible Uquids 


Paragraph (D)(3)(g)(v)(b)(3404.3.7.5.2) of rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administi-ative 
Code 


Liquid storage rooms for flammable and combustible Uquids 


Paragraph (E)(4)(i)(3405.4.9) of rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code 


Solvent distillation units 


Paragraph (F)(2)(g)(3406.2.7) of rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administi-ative Code 


Farms and construction sites-flammable and combustible Uquids storage 


Paragraph (F)(4)(j)(i)(3406.4.10.1) of rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code 


BuUc plants and terminals for flammable and combustible Uquids 


Paragraph (F)(5)(d)(iv)(3406.5.4.5) of rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code 


Commercial, industrial, governmental or manufacturing 
estabUshment-fuel dispensing 


Paragraph (F)(6)(d)(3406.6.4) of rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code 


Tank vehicles for flammable and combustible Uquids 


Paragraph (F)(5)(g)(3606.5.7) of rule 1301:7-7-36 of the Administi-ative Code 


Flammable soUds 


Paragraph (H)(2)(3808.2) of rule 1301:7-7-38 of the Administrative Code 


LP-gas 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



105 



FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS 



metals shall be selected and placed in accordance with NFPA 
10 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 
Extinguishers for Class C fire hazards shall be selected and 
placed on the basis of the anticipated Class A or Class B hazard. 

TABLE 906.3(1) 
FIRE EXTINGUISHERS FOR CLASS A FIRE HAZARDS 





LIGHT (LOW) 

HAZARD 
OCCUPANCY 


ORDINARY 
(MODERATE) 

HAZARD 
OCCUPANCY 


EXTRA (HIGH) 

HAZARD 
OCCUPANCY 


Minimum rated single 
extinguisher 


2-A^ 


2-A 


4-A^ 


Maximum floor area 
per unit of A 


3,000 
square feet 


1,500 
square feet 


1,000 
square feet 


Maximum floor area 
for extinguisher'' 


11,250 
square feet 


11,250 
square feet 


11,250 
square feet 


Maximum travel 
distance to extinguisher 


75 feet 


75 feet 


75 feet 



For SI: 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 square foot = 0.0929 x^, 1 gallon = 3.785 L. 

a. Two 2.5-gallon water-type extinguishers shall be deemed the equivalent of 
one 4-A rated extinguisher. 

b. NFPA 10 Appendix E-3-3 as listed in rule 1301 :7-7-45 of the Administrative 

Code provides more details concerning application of the maximum floor 
area criteria. 

c. Two water-type extinguishers each vyith a 1-A rating shall be deemed the 
equivalent of one 2-A rated extinguisher for Light (Low) Hazard Occupan- 
cies. 

TABLE 906.3(2) 

FLAMMABLE OR COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS WITH DEPTHS OF 

LESS THAN OR EQUAL TO 0.25-INCH 



TYPE OF HAZARD 


BASIC MINIMUM 

EXTINGUISHER 

RATING 


MAXIMUM TRAVEL 

DISTANCE TO 

EXTINGUISHERS 

(FEET) 


Light (low) 


5-B 
10-B 


30 
50 


Ordinary (moderate) 


10-B 
20-B 


30 
50 


Extra (high) 


40-B 
80-B 


30 
50 



For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm. 

Note: For requirements on water-soluble flammable liquids and alternative siz- 
ing criteria, see NFPA 10, Sections 3-3 and 3-4 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 
of the Administrative Code. 

(4) 906.4 Cooking grease fires. Fire extinguishers provided 
for the protection of cooking grease fires shall be of an 
approved type compatible with the automatic fire-extinguish- 
ing system agent and in accordance with paragraph 
(D)(ll)(e)(904.11.5) of this rule. 

(5) 906.5 Conspicuous location. Extinguishers shall be 
located in conspicuous locations where they will be readily 
accessible and immediately available for use. These locations 
shall be along normal paths of travel, unless the fire code offi- 
cial determines that the hazard posed indicates the need for 
placement away from normal paths of travel. 

(6) 906.6 Unobstructed and unobscured. Fire extinguishers 
shall not be obstructed or obscured from view. In rooms or 
areas in which visual obstruction cannot be completely 



avoided, means shall be provided to indicate the locations of 
extinguishers. 

(7) 906.7 Hangers and brackets. Hand-held portable fire 
extinguishers, not housed in cabinets, shall be installed on the 
hangers or brackets supplied. Hangers or brackets shall be 
securely anchored to the mounting surface in accordance with 
the manufacturer's installation instructions. 

(8) 906.8 Cabinets. Cabinets used to house fire extinguishers 
shall not be locked. 

Exceptions: 

1. Where fire extinguishers subject to malicious use or 
damage are provided with a means of ready access. 

2. In Group 1-3 occupancies and in mental health areas 
in Group 1-2 occupancies, access to portable fire 
extinguishers shall be permitted to be locked or to be 
located in staff locations provided the staff has keys. 

(9) 906.9 Height above floor. Portable fire extinguishers hav- 
ing a gross weight not exceeding 40 pounds (18 kg) shall be 
installed so that its top is not more than 5 feet ( 1 524 mm) above 
the floor. Hand-held portable fire extinguishers having a gross 
weight exceeding 40 pounds (18 kg) shall be installed so that its 
top is not more than 3.5 feet (1067 mm) above the floor. The 
clearance between the floor and the bottom of installed 
hand-held extinguishers shall not be less than 4 inches (102 
mm). 

(10) 906.10 Wheeled units. Wheeled fire extinguishers shall 
be conspicuously located in a designated location. 



(G) SECTION 907 
FIRE ALARM AND DETECTION SYSTEMS 

(1) 907.1 General. This paragraph covers the application, 
installation, performance and maintenance of fire alarm sys- 
tems and their components in new and existing buildings and 
structures. The requirements of paragraph (G)(2)(907.2) of 
this rule are apphcable to new buildings and structures. At loca- 
tions or in structures regulated by the building code as listed in 
rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code, the requirements 
for fire alarm and detection systems in new buildings contained 
in this rule are subject to and do not supersede or otherwise 
conflict with the requirements of paragraph (D)(2)(a)(104.2.1) 
of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code. At locations or 
in structures not regulated by the building code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code, the fire alarm and 
detection system shall be approved by the fire code official 
prior to system installation. The requirements of paragraph 
(G)(3)(907.3) of this rule are applicable to existing buildings 
and structures. 

(a) 907.1.1 Construction documents. Construction docu- 
ments for fire alarm systems installed in accordance with the 
provisions of this code and NFPA 72 as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code shall be submitted 
for review and approval prior to system installation. Con- 
struction documents shall include, but not be limited to, all 
of the following: 

(i) A floor plan which indicates the use of all rooms. 



106 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS 



(ii) Locations of alarm-initiating and notification 
appliances. 

(Hi) Alarm control and trouble signaling equipment. 

(iv) Annunciation. 

fv) Power connection. 

(vi) Battery calculations. 

(vii) Conductor type and sizes. 

(viii) Voltage drop calculations. 

(ix) Manufacturers, model numbers and listing infor- 
mation for equipment, devices and materials. 

(x) Details of ceiling height and construction. 

(xi) The interface of fire safety control functions. 

(b) 907.1.2 Equipment. Systems and their components 
shall be listed and approved for the purpose for which they 
are installed. 

(2) 907.2 Where required-new buildings and structures. An 

approved manual, automatic, or manual and automatic fire 
alarm system installed in accordance with the provisions of this 
code and NFPA 72 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Adminis- 
trative Code shall be provided in new buildings and structures 
in accordance with paragraphs (G)(2)(a)(907.2.1) to 
(G)(2)(w)(907.2.23) of this rule and provide occupant notifica- 
tion in accordance with paragraph (G)(10)(907.10) of this 
rule, unless other requirements are provided by another para- 
graph of this code. Where automatic sprinkler protection 
installed in accordance -with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) 
or (C)(3)(a)(ii)(903.3.1.2) of this rule is provided and con- 
nected to the building fire alarm system, automatic heat detec- 
tion required by this paragraph shall not be required. 

The automatic fire detectors shall be smoke detectors. 
Where ambient conditions prohibit installation of automatic 
smoke detection, other automatic fire detection shall be 
allowed. 

(a) 907.2.1 Group A. A manual fire alarm system shall be 
installed in Group A occupancies having an occupant load 
of 300 or more. Portions of Group E occupancies occupied 
for assembly purposes shall be provided with a fire alarm 
system required for the Group E occupancy. 

Exception: Manual fire alarm boxes are not required 
where the building is equipped throughout with an auto- 
matic sprinkler system and the alarm notification appli- 
ances will activate upon sprinkler water flow. 

(i) 907.2.1.1 System initiation of Group A occupan- 
cies with an occupant load of 1,000 or more. Activa- 
tion of the fire alarm in Group A occupancies with an 
occupant load of 1,000 or more shall initiate a signal 
using an emergency voice/alarm communications sys- 
tem in accordance with NFPA 72 as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

Exception: Where approved, the prerecorded 
announcement is allowed to be manually deactivated 
for a period of time, not to exceed 3 minutes, for the 
sole purpose of allowing a live voice announcement 
from an approved, constantly attended location. 



(ii) 907.2.1.2 Emergency power. Emergency 
voice/alarm communications systems shall be provided 
with an approved emergency power source. 

(b) 907.2.2 Group B. A manual fire alarm system shall be 
installed in Group B occupancies having an occupant load 
of 500 or more persons or more than 100 persons above or 
below the lowest level of exit discharge. 

Exception: Manual fire alarm boxes are not required 
where the building is equipped throughout with an auto- 
matic sprinkler system and the alarm notification appli- 
ances will activate upon sprinkler water flow. 

(c) 907.2.3 Group E. A manual fire alarm system shall be 
installed in Group E occupancies. When automatic sprin- 
kler systems or smoke detectors are installed, such systems 
or detectors shall be connected to the building fire alarm 
system. 

Exceptions: 

1 . Group E occupancies with an occupant load of less 
than 50. 

2. Manual fire alarm boxes are not required in Group 
E occupancies where all the following apply: 

2.1. Interior corridors are protected by smoke 
detectors with alarm verification. 

2.2. Auditoriums, cafeterias, gymnasiums and 
the like are protected by heat detectors or 
other approved detection devices. 

2.3. Shops and laboratories involving dusts or 
vapors are protected by heat detectors or 
other approved detection devices. 

2.4. Off-premises monitoring is provided. 

2.5. The capabihty to activate the evacuation 
signal from a central point is provided. 

2.6. In buildings where normally occupied 
spaces are provided with a two-way com- 
munication system between such spaces 
and a constantly attended receiving station 
from where a general evacuation alarm can 
be sounded, except in locations specifically 
designated by the fire code of^icidLLpursuant 
to paragraph (A)(l)(901.1) of this rule. At 
locations or in structures not regulated by 
the building code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code, 
the location shall be approved by the fire 
code official prior to system installation. 

3. Manual fire alann boxes shall not be required in 
Group E occupancies where the building is 
equipped throughout with an approved automatic 
sprinkler system, the notification appliances will 
activate on sprinkler water flow and manual acti- 
vation is provided from a normally occupied loca- 
tion. 

(d) 907.2.4 Group F. A manual fire alarm system shall be 
installed in Group F occupancies that are two or more sto- 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



107 



FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS 



II 



ries in height and have an occupant load of 500 or more 
above or below the lowest level of exit discharge. 

Exception: Manual fire alarm boxes are not required 
where the building is equipped throughout with an auto- 
matic sprinkler system and the alarm notification appli- 
ances will activate upon sprinkler water flow. 

(e) 907.2.5 Group H. A manual fire alarm system shall be 
installed in Group H-5 occupancies and in occupancies used 
for the manufacture of organic coatings. An automatic 
smoke detection system shall be installed for highly toxic 
gases, organic peroxides and oxidizers in accordance with 
rules 1301:7-7-37, 1301:7-7-39 and 1301:7-7-40 of the 
Administrative Code, respectively. 

(f) 907.2.6 Group I. A manual fire alarm system shall be 
installed in Group I occupancies. An electrically super- 
vised, automatic smoke detection system shall be provided 
in accordance with paragraphs (J)(2)(f)(i)(907.2.6.1) and 
(J)(2)(f)(ii)(907.2.6.2) of this rule. 

Exception: Manual fire alarm boxes in patient sleeping 
areas of Group I-l and 1-2 occupancies shall not be 
required at exits if located at all nurse's control stations 
or other constantly attended staff locations, provided 
such stations are visible and continuously accessible and 
that travel distances required in paragraph 
(G)(4)(a)(907.4.1) of this rule are not exceeded. 

(i) 907.2.6.1 Group I-l. Corridors, habitable spaces 
other than sleeping units and kitchens, and waiting areas 
that are open to corridors shall be equipped with an auto- 
matic smoke detection system. 

Exceptions: 

1. Smoke detection in habitable spaces is not 
required where the facility is equipped 
throughout with an automatic sprinkler system. 

2. Smoke detection is not required for exterior 
balconies. 

(ii) 907.2.6.2 Group 1-2. Corridors in nursing homes 
(both intermediate care and skilled nursing facilities), 
detoxification facilities and spaces permitted to be open 
to the corridors by Section 407.2 of the building code as 
listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code 
shall be equipped with an automatic fire detection sys- 
tem. Hospitals shall be equipped with smoke detection as 
required in Section 407.2 of the building code as listed in 
rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

Exceptions: 

1. Corridor smoke detection is not required in 
smoke compartments that contain patient sleep- 
ing rooms where patient sleeping units are pro- 
vided with smoke detectors that comply with 
UL 268 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the 
Administrative Code. Such detectors shall pro- 
vide a visual display on the corridor side of each 
patient sleeping unit and shall provide an audi- 
ble and visible alarm at the nursing station 
attending each unit. 



2, Corridor smoke detection is not required in 
smoke compartments that contain patient sleep- 
ing rooms where patient sleeping unit doors are 
equipped with automatic door-closing devices 
with integral smoke detectors on tlie unit sides 
installed in accordance with their listing, pro- 
vided that the integral detectors perform the 
required alerting function. 

(iii) 907.2.6.3 Group 1-3 occupancies. Group 1-3 occu- 
pancies shall be equipped with a manual and automatic 
fire alarm system installed for alerting staff. 

(a) 907.2.6.3.1 System initiation. Actuation of an 
automatic fire-extinguishing system, a manual fire 
alarm box or a fire detector shall initiate an approved 
fire alarm signal which automatically notifies staff. 
Presignal systems shall not be used. 

(b) 907.2.6.3.2 Manual fire alarm boxes.. Manual fire 
alarm boxes are not required to be located in accor- 
dance "^iih paragraph (G)(4)(907.4) of this rule where 
the fire alarm boxes are provided at staff-attended loca- 
tions having direct supervision over areas where man- 
ual fire alarm boxes have been omitted. 

Manual fire alarm boxes are allowed to be locked in 
areas occupied by detainees, provided that staff mem- 
bers are present within the subject area and have keys 
readily available to operate the manual fire alarm boxes. 

(c) 907.2.633 Smoke detectors. An q)proved automatic 
smoke detection system shall be installed throughout resi- 
dent housing areas, including sleeping areas and 
contiguous day rooms, group activity spaces and other 
common spaces normally accessible to residents. 

Exceptions: 

1. Other approved smoke-detection arrange- 
ments providing equivalent protection, 
including, but not limited to, placing detec- 
tors in exhaust ducts fi-om cells or behind 
protective guards listed for the purpose, are 
allowed when necessary to prevent damage 
or tampering. 

2. Sleeping units in Use Conditions 2 and 3. 

3. Smoke detectors are not required in sleeping 
units with four or fewer occupants in smoke 
compartments that are equipped throughout 
with an approved automatic sprinkler system. 

(g) 907.2.7 Group M. A manual fire alarm system shall be 
installed in Group M occupancies having an occupant load 
of 500 or more persons or more than 100 persons above or 
below the lowest level of exit discharge. The initiation of a 
signal from a manual fire alarm box shall initiate alarm 
notification appliances as required by paragraph 
(G)(10)(907.10) of this rule. 

Exceptions: 

1. A manual fire alarm system is required in covered 
mall buildings complying with Section 402 of the 
building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the 
Administrative Code. 



108 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS 



2. Manual fire alarm boxes are not required where the 
building is equipped throughout with an automatic 
sprinkler system and the alarm notification appli- 
ances will automatically activate upon sprinkler 
water flow. 

(i) 907.2.7.1 Occupant notification. During times that 
the building is occupied, the initiation of a signal from a 
manual fire alarm box or fi"om a water flow switch shall 
not be required to activate the alarm notification appli- 
ances when an alarm signal is activated at a constantly 
attended location fi'om which evacuation instructions 
shall be initiated over an emergency voice/alarm com- 
munication system installed in accordance with para- 
graph (G)(2)(l)(ii)(907.2J2.2) of this rule. 

The emergency voice/alarm communication system 
shall be allowed to be used for other announcements pro- 
vided the manual fire alarm use takes precedence over 
any other use. 

(h) 907.2.8 Group R-1. Fire alarm systems shall be installed 
in Group R-1 occupancies as required by paragraphs 
(G)(2)(h)(i)(907.2.8.1) to (G)(2)(h)(iii}(907.2.8.3) of this 
rule. 

(i) 907.2.8.1 Manual fire alarm system. A manual fire 
alarm system shall be installed in Group R-1 occupan- 
cies. 

Exceptions: 

1. A manual fire alarm system is not required in 
buildings not more than two stories in height 
where all individual guestrooms and contigu- 
ous attic and crawl spaces are separated from 
each other and public or common areas by at 
least 1-hour fire partitions and each individual 
guestroom has an exit directly to a public way, 
exit court or yard. 

2. Manual fire alarm boxes are not required 
throughout the building when the following 
conditions are met: 

2.1. The building is equipped throughout 
with an automatic sprinkler system 
installed in accordance with paragraph 
(C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) or (C)(3)(a)(ii) 
(903.3.1.2) of this rule; 

2.2. The notification appliances will acti- 
vate upon sprinkler water flow; and 

2.3. At least one manual fire alarm box is 
installed at an approved location. 

(ii) 907.2.8.2 Automatic fire alarm system. An auto- 
matic fire alarm system shall be installed throughout all 
interior corridors serving guestrooms. 

Exception: An automatic fire detection system is not 
required in buildings that do not have interior corri- 
dors serving guestrooms and each guestroom has a 
means of egress door opening directly to an exterior 
exit access that leads directly to an exit. 



(iii) 907.2.8.3 Smoke alarms. Smoke alarms shall be 
installed as required by paragraph (G)(2)(j)(907.2.10) 
of this rule. In buildings that are not equipped throughout 
with an automatic sprinkler system installed in accor- 
dance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) or 
(C)(3)(a)(ii)(903.3.1.2) of this rule, the smoke alarms in 
guestrooms shall be connected to an emergency electri- 
cal system and shall be annunciated by guestroom at a 
constantly attended location from which the fire alarm 
system is capable of being manually activated. 

(i) 907.2.9 Group R-2. A manual fire alarm system shall be 
installed in Group R-2 occupancies where: 

(i) Any dwelling unit or sleeping unit is located three or 
more stories above the lowest level of exit dis- 
charge; 

(ii) Any dwelling unit or sleeping unit is located more 
than one story below the highest level of exit dis- 
charge of exits serving the dwelling unit or sleeping 
unit; or 

(iii) The building contains more than 16 dwelling units 
or sleeping units. 

Exceptions: 

1 . A fire alarm system is not required in buildings not 
more than two stories in height where all dwelling 
units or sleeping units and contiguous attic and 
crawl spaces are separated from each other and 
public or common areas by at least 1-hour fire par- 
titions and each dweUing unit or sleeping unit has 
an exit directly to a pubhc way, exit court or yard. 

2. Manual fire alarm boxes are not required through- 
out the building when the following conditions are 
met: 

2. 1 . The building is equipped throughout with an 
automatic sprinkler system in accordance 
with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) or 
(C)(3)(a)(ii)(903.3.1.2) of this rule; 

2.2. The notification appliances will activate 
upon sprinkler flow; and ^ 

3. A fire alarm system is not required in buildings 
that do not have interior corridors serving dwell- 
ing units and are protected by an approved auto- 
matic sprinkler system installed in accordance 
with paragraphs (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) or 
(C)(3)(a)(ii)(903.3.1.2) of this rule, provided that 
dwelling units either have a means of egress door 
opening directly to an exterior exit access that 
leads directly to the exits or are served by 
open-ended corridors designed in accordance 
with paragraph (V)(6)( 1022.6), exception 4 of W 
rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code. 

(j) 907.2.10 Single- and multiple-station smoke alarms. 

Listed single- and multiple-station smoke alarms comply- 
ing with UL 211 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Admin- 
istrative Code shall be installed in accordance with the 
provisions of this code and the household fire-warning 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



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equipment provisions of NFPA 72 as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

(i) 907.2.10.1 Where required. Single- or multiple-sta- 
tion smoke alarms shall be installed in the locations 
described in paragraphs (G)(2)(j)(i)(a)(907.2.10.1.1) to 
(G)(2)(j)(i)(c)(907.2.10.1.3) of this rule. 

(a) 907.2.10.1.1 Group R-1. Single- or multiple-sta- 
tion smoke alarms shall be installed in all of the fol- 
lowing locations in Group R-1: 

(/) In sleeping areas. 

(ii) In every room in the path of the means of 
egress from the sleeping area to the door lead- 
ing from the sleeping unit. 

(Hi) In each story within the sleeping unit, includ- 
ing basements. For sleeping units with split 
levels and without an intervening door be- 
tween the adjacent levels, a smoke alarm in- 
stalled on the upper level shall suffice for the 
adjacent lower level provided that the lower 
level is less than one full story below the upper 
level. 

(b) 907.2.10.1.2 Groups R-2, R-3, R-4 and I-l. Sin- 
gle- or multiple-station smoke alarms shall be 
installed and maintained in Groups R-2, R-3, R-4 and 
I-l regardless of occupant load at all of the following 
locations: 

(i) On the ceiling or wall outside of each separate 
sleeping area in the immediate vicinity of bed- 
rooms. 

(ii) In each room used for sleeping purposes. 

(Hi) In each story within a dwelling unit, including 
basements but not including crawl spaces and 
uninhabitable attics. In dwelling units with 
split levels and without an intervening door 
between the adjacent levels, a smoke alarm in- 
stalled on the upper level shall suffice for the 
adjacent lower level provided that the lower 
level is less than one full story below the upper 
level. 

(c) 907.2.10.1.3 Group I-l. Single- or multiple-sta- 
tion smoke alarms shall be installed and maintained in 
sleeping areas in Group I-l occupancies. 

Exception: Single- or multiple-station smoke 
alarms shall not be required where the building is 
equipped throughout with an automatic fire detec- 
tion system in accordance with paragraph 
(G)(2)(f)(907.2.6) of this rule. 

(ii) 907.2.10.2 Power source. In new construction, 
required smoke alarms shall receive their primary power 
from the building wiring where such wiring is served 
from a commercial source and shall be equipped with a 
battery backup. Smoke alarms shall emit a signal when 
the batteries are low. Wiring shall be permanent and 
without a disconnecting switch other than as required for 
overcurrent protection. 



Exception: Smoke alarms are not required to be 
equipped with battery backup in Group R-1 where 
they are connected to an emergency electrical system. 

(iii) 907.2.10.3 Interconnection. Where more than one 
smoke alarm is required to be installed within an individ- 
ual dwelling unit or sleeping unit in Group R-2, R-3 or 
R-4, or within an individual sleeping unit in Group R-1, 
the smoke alarms shall be interconnected in such a man- 
ner that the activation of one alarm will activate all of the 
alarms in the individual unit. The alarm shall be clearly 
audible in all bedrooms over background noise levels 
with all intervening doors closed. 

(iv) 907.2.10.4 Acceptance testing. When the installa- 
tion of the alarm devices is complete, each detector and 
interconnecting wiring for multiple-station alarm 
devices shall be tested in accordance with the household 
fire warning equipment provisions of NFPA 72 as listed 
in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

(k) 907.2.11 Special amusement buildings. An approved 
automatic smoke detection system shall be provided in spe- 
cial amusement buildings in accordance with this para- 
graph. 

Exception: In areas where ambient conditions will cause 
a smoke detection system to alarm, an approved alterna- 
tive type of automatic detector shall be installed. 

(i) 907.2.11.1 Alarm. Activation of any single smoke 
detector, the automatic sprinkler system or any other 
automatic fire detection device shall immediately sound 
an alarm at the building at a constantly attended location 
from which emergency action can be initiated, including 
the capability of manual initiation of requirements in 
paragraph (G)(2)(k)(ii)(907.2.11.2) of this rule. 

(ii) 907.2.11.2 System response. The activation of two 
or more smoke detectors, a single smoke detector with 
alarm verification, the automatic sprinkler system or 
other approved fire detection device shall automatically: 

(a) Cause illumination of the means of egress with 
light of not less than 1 foot-candle ( 1 1 lux) at the 
walking surface level; 

(b) Stop any conflicting or confusing sounds and 
visual distractions; and 

(c) Activate an approved directional exit marking 
that will become apparent in an emergency. 

Such system response shall also include activation of a 
prerecorded message, clearly audible throughout the 
special amusement building, instructing patrons to pro- 
ceed to the nearest exit. Alarm signals used in conjunc- 
tion with the prerecorded message shall produce a sound 
which is distinctive from other sounds used during nor- 
mal operation. 

The wiring to the auxiliary devices and equipment 
used to accomplish the above fire safety functions shall 
be monitored for integrity in accordance with NFPA 72 
as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 



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(iii) 907.2.11.3 Emei^ency yoice/alarm commuiiica- 
tion system. An emergency voice/alarm communication 
system, which is also allowed to serve as a public address 
system, shall be installed in accordance with NFPA 72 as 
listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code 
and be audible throughout the entire special amusement 
building. 

(1) 907.2.12 High-rise buildings. Buildings having floors 
used for human occupancy located more than 75 feet (22 
860 mm) above the lowest level of fire department vehicle 
access shall be provided with an automatic fire alarm system 
and an emergency voice/alarm communication system in 
accordance v^iih paragraph (G)(2)(l)(ii)(907. 2.12.2) of this 
rule. 

Exceptions: 

1 . Airport traffic control towers in accordance with 
paragraph (G)(2)(v)(907.2.22) of this rule and 
Section 412 of the building code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

2. Open parking garages in accordance with Section 
406.3 of the building code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

3. Buildings with an occupancy in Group A-5 in 
accordance with Section 303.1 of the building 
code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Adminis- 
trative Code. 

4. Low-hazard special occupancies in accordance 
with Section 503. 1 .2 of the building code as listed 
in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

5. Buildings with an occupancy in Group H- 1 , H-2 or 
H-3 in accordance with Section 4 15 of the building 
code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Adminis- 
trative Code. 

(i) 907.2.12.1 Automatic fire detection. Smoke detec- 
tors shall be provided in accordance with this paragraph. 
Smoke detectors shall be connected to an automatic fire 
alarm system. The activation of any detector required by 
this paragraph shall operate the emergency voice/alarm 
communication system. Smoke detectors shall be 
located as follows: 

(a) In each mechanical equipment, electrical, trans- 
former, telephone equipment or sinular room 
which is not provided with sprinkler protection, 
elevator machine rooms, and in elevator lobbies. 

(b) In the main return air and exhaust air plenum of 
each air-conditioning system having a capacity 
greater than 2,000 cubic feet per minute (cfm) 
(0.94 mVs). Such detectors shall be located in a 
serviceable area downstream of the last duct 
inlet. 

(c) At each connection to a vertical duct or riser serv- 
ing two or more stones from a return air duct or 
plenum of an air-conditioning system. In Group 
R-1 and R-2 occupancies, a listed smoke detector 
is allowed to be used in each return-air riser car- 



rying not more than 5,000 cfm (2.4 mVs) and 
serving not more than 10 air-inlet openings. 

(ii) 907.2.12.2 Emergency voice/alarm communica- 
tion system. The operation of any automatic fire detec- 
tor, sprinkler water-flow device or manual fire alarm box 
shall automatically sound an alert tone followed by voice 
instructions giving approved information and directions 
for a general or staged evacuation on a minimum of the 
alarming floor, the floor above, and the floor below in 
accordance with the building's fire safety and evacuation 
plans required by paragraph (D)(404) of rule 
1301:7-7-04 of the Administrative Code. Speakers shall 
be provided throughout the building by paging zones. As 
the minimum paging zones shall be provided as follows: 

1. Elevator groups. 

2. Exit stairways. 

3. Each floor. 

4. Areas of refuge as defined in paragraph 
(B)(l)( 1002.1) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Admin- I 
istrative Code. 

Exception: In Group I-l and 1-2 occupancies, the 
alarm shall sound in a constantly attended area and a 
general occupant notification shall be broadcast over 
the overhead page. 

(a) 907.2.12.2.1 Manual override. A manual over- 
ride for emergency voice communication shall be 
provided on a selective and all-call basis for all paging | 
zones. 

(b) 907.2.12.2.2 Live voice messages. The emer- 
gency voice/alarm communication system shall also 
have the capability to broadcast live voice messages 
through paging zones on a selective and all-call basis . I 

(c) 907.2.12.2.3 Standard. The emergency 
voice/alarm communication system shall be designed 
and installed in accordance with NFPA 72 as listed in 
rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

(iii) 907.2.12.3 Fire department communication sys- 
tem. An approved two-way, fire department communi- 
cation system designed and installed in accordance with 
NFPA 72 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administra- 
tive Code shall be provided for fire department use. It 
shall operate between a fire command center complying 
with paragraph (I)(509) of rule 1301:7-7-05 of the 
Administrative Code and elevators, elevator lobbies, 
emergency and standby power rooms, fire pump rooms, 
areas of refuge and inside enclosed exit stairways. The 
fire department communication device shall be provided 
at each floor level within the enclosed exit stairway. 

Exception: Fire department radio systems where 
approved by the fire department. 

(m) 907.2.13 Atriums connecting more than two stories. 

A fire alarm system shall be installed in occupancies with an 
atrium that connects more than two stories. The system shall 
be activated in accordance with paragraph (G)(7)(907. 7) of 
this rule. Such occupancies in Group A, E or M shall be pro- 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



111 



FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS 



vided with an emergency voice/alarm communication sys- 
tem complying with the requirements of paragraph 
(G)(2)(l)(ii)(907.2.12.2) of this rule. 

(n) 907.2.14 High-piled combustible storage areas. An 

automatic fire detection system shall be installed through- 
out high-piled combustible storage areas where required by 
paragraph (F)(5)(2306.5) of rule 1301:7-7-23 of the 
Administrative Code. 

(o) 907.2.15 Delayed egress locks. Where delayed egress 
locks are installed on means of egress doors in accordance 
with paragraph (H)(l)(h)(vi)( 1008.1. 8.6) of rule 
1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code, an automatic 
smoke or heat detection system shall be installed as required 
by thai paragraph. 

(p) 907.2.16 Aerosol storage uses. Aerosol storage rooms 
and general-purpose warehouses containing aerosols shall 
be provided with an approved manual fire alarm system 
where required by this code. 

(q) 907.2.17 Lumber, wood structural panel and veneer 
mills. Lumber, wood structural panel and veneer mills shall 
be provided with a manual fire alarm system. 

(r) 907.2.18 Underground buildings with smoke exhaust 
systems. Where a smoke exhaust system is installed in an 
underground building in accordance with the building code 
as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code, 
automatic fire detectors shall be provided in accordance 
with this paragraph. 

(i) 907.2.18.1 Smoke detectors. A minimum of one 
smoke detector hsted for the intended purpose shall be 
installed in the following areas: 

(a) Mechanical equipment, electrical, transformer, 
telephone equipment, elevator machine or simi- 
lar rooms. 

(b) Elevator lobbies. 

(c) The main return and exhaust air plenum of each 
air-conditioning system serving more than one 
story and located in a serviceable area down- 
stream of the last duct inlet. 

(d) Each connection to a vertical duct or riser serving 
two or more floors from return air ducts or ple- 
nums of heating, ventilating and air-conditioning 
systems, except that in Group R occupancies, a 
listed smoke detector is allowed to be used in 
each return-air riser carrying not more than 5,000 
cfm (2.4 m^/s) and serving not more than 10 air 
inlet openings. 

(ii) 907.2.18.2 Alarm required. Activation of the smoke 
exhaust system shall activate an audible alarm at a con- 
stantly attended location. 

(s) 907.2.19 Underground buildings. Where the lowest 
level of a structure is more than 60 feet (18 288 mm) below 
the lowest level of exit discharge, the structure shall be 
equipped throughout with a manual fire alarm system, 
including an emergency voice/alarm communication sys- 



tem installed in accordance with paragraph 
(G)(2)(l)(ii)(907.2.12.2) of this rule. 

(i) 907.2.19.1 Public address system. Where a fire 
alarm system is not required by paragraph (G)(2)(907.2) 
of this rule, a public address system shall be provided 
which shall be capable of transmitting voice communi- 
cations to the highest level of exit discharge serving the 
underground portions of the structure and all levels 
below. 

(t) 907.2.20 Covered mall buildings. Covered mall build- 
ings exceeding 50,000 square feet (4645 m^) in total floor 
area shall be provided widi an emergency voice/alarm com- 
munication system. An emergency voice/alann communi- 
cation system serving a mall, required or otherwise, shall be 
accessible to the fire department. The system shall be pro- 
vided in accordance with paragraph (G)(2)(l)(ii) 
(907.2.12.2) of this rule. 

(u) 907.2.21 Residential aircraft hangars. A minimum of 
one listed smoke alarm shall be installed within a residential 
aircraft hangar as defined in the building code as listed in 
rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code and shall be 
interconnected into the residential smoke alarm or other 
sounding device to provide an alarm which will be audible 
in all sleeping areas of the dwelling. 

(v) 907.2.22 Airport traffic control towers. An automatic 
fire detection system shall be provided in airport traffic con- 
trol towers. 

(w) 907.2.23 Battery rooms. An approved automatic 
smoke detection system shall be installed in areas contain- 
ing stationary lead-acid battery systems having a liquid 
capacity of more than 50 gallons (189 L). The detection sys- 
tem shall be supervised by an approved central, proprietary, 
or remote station service or a local alarm which will sound 
an audible signal at a constantly attended location. 

(3) 907.3 Where required-retroactive in existing buildings 
and structures. The retroactive application of paragraphs 
(G)(3)(a)(907.3.1) to (G)(3)(a)(viii)(907.3.1.8) of this rule 
shall be applied only in conformance with the requirements of 
(B)(l)(d)(102.1) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative 
Code. An approved manual, automatic or manual and auto- 
matic fire alarm system shall be installed in existing buildings 
and structures in accordance with paragraphs 
(G)(3)(a)(907.3.1) to (G)(3)(a)(viii)(907.3.1.8) of this rule. 
Where automatic sprinkler protection is provided in accor- 
dance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) or 
(C)(3)(a)(ii)(903.3.1.2) of this rule and connected to the build- 
ing fire edarm system, automatic heat detection required by this 
paragraph shall not be required. 

An approved automatic fire detection system shall be 
installed in accordance with the provisions of this code and 
NFPA 72 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative 
Code. Devices, combinations of devices, appliances and equip- 
ment shall be approved. The automatic fire detectors shall be 
smoke detectors, except an approved alternative type of detec- 
tor shall be installed in spaces such as boiler rooms where, dur- 
ing normal operation, products of combustion are present in 
sufficient quantity to actuate a smoke detector. 



112 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



(a) 907.3.1 Occupancy requirements. A fire alarm system 
shall be installed in accordance with paragraphs 
(G)(3)(a)(i)(907.3.Ll) to (G)(3)(a)(viii)(907.3.1.8) of this 
rule. 

Exception: Occupancies with an existing, previously 
approved fire alarm system. 

(i) 907.3.1.1 Group E. A fire alarm system shall be 
installed in existing Group E occupancies in accordance 
v/iih paragraph (G)(2)(c)(907.2.3) of this rule. 

Exceptions: 

1. A building with a maximum area of 1,000 
square feet (93 m^) that contains a single class- 
room and is located no closer than 50 feet (15 
240 mm) from another building. 

2. Group E with an occupant load less than 50. 

(ii) 907.3.1.2 Group I-l. A fire alarm system shall be 
installed in existing Group I-l residential care/assisted 
living facilities. 

Exception: Where each sleeping room has a means of 
egress door opening directly to an exterior egress bal- 
cony that leads directly to the exits in accordance with 
paragraph (M)(5)(1013.5) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the 
Administrative Code, and the building is not more 
than three stories in height. 

(iii) 907.3.1.3 Group 1-2. A fire alarm system shall be 
installed in existing Group 1-2 occupancies in accor- 
dance with paragraph (G)(2)(f)(907.2.6) of this rule. 

(iv) 907.3.1.4 Group 1-3. A fire alarm system shall be 
installed in existing Group 1-3 occupancies in accor- 
dance with paragraph (G)(2)(f)(iii)(907.2.6.3) of this 
rule. 

(v) 907.3.1.5 Group R-1 hotels and motels. A fire 
alarm system shall be installed in existing Group R-1 
hotels and motels more than three stories or with more 
than 20 guestrooms. 

Exception: Buildings less than two stories in height 
where all guestrooms, attics and crawl spaces are sep- 
arated by 1-hour fire-resistance-rated construction 
and each guestroom has direct access to a public way, 
exit court or yard. 

(vi) 907.3.1.6 Group R-1 boarding and rooming 
houses. A fire alarm system shall be installed in existing 
Group R-1 boarding and rooming houses. 

Exception: Buildings that have single-station smoke 
alarms meeting or exceeding the requirements of 
paragraph (G)(2)(j)(i)(907.2.10.1) of this rule and 
where the fire alarm system includes at least one man- 
ual fire alarm box per floor arranged to initiate the 
alarm. 

(vii) 907.3.1.7 Group R-2. A fire alarm system shall be 
installed in existing Group R-2 occupancies more than 



FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS 



three stories in height or with more than 16 dwelling 
units or sleeping units. 

Exceptions: 

1. Where each living unit is separated from other 
contiguous living units by fire barriers having a 
fire-resistance rating of not less than 0.75 hour, 
and where each living unit has either its own 
independent exit or its own independent stair- 
way or ramp discharging at grade. 

2. A separate fire alarm system is not required in 
buildings that are equipped throughout with 
an approved supervised automatic sprinkler 
system installed in accordance with para- 
graph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) or 
(C)(3)(a)(b)(903.3.1.2) of this rule and having 
a local alarm to notify all occupants. 

3. A fire alarm system is not required in buildings 
that do not have interior corridors serving 
dweUing units and are protected by an approved 
automatic sprinkler system installed in accor- 
dance with paragraphs (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) 
or (C)(3)(a)(ii)(903.3.1.2) of this rule, pro- 
vided that dwelling units either have a means of 
egress door opening directly to an exterior exit 
access that leads directly to the exits or are 
served by open-ended corridors designed in 
accordance with paragraph (V)(6)( 1022.6) 
exception 4 of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the Adminis- 
trative Code. 

(viii) 907.3.1.8 Group R-4. A fire alarm system shall be 
installed in existing Group R-4 residential care/assisted 
living facilities. 

Exceptions: 

1. Where there are intercoimected smoke alarms 
meeting the requirements of paragraph 
(G)(2)(j)(907.2.10) of this rule and there is at 
least one manual fire alarm box per floor 
arranged to sound continuously the smoke 
alarms. 

2. Other manually activated continuously sound- 
ing alarms approved by the fire code official. 

(b) 907.3.2 Single and multiple station smoke alarms. 

Single and multiple station smoke alarms shall be installed 
in existing Group R occupancies in accordance with para- 
graphs (G)(3)(b)(i)(907.3.2.1) to (G}(3)(b)(iii)(907.3.2.3) 
of this rule. 

(i) 907.3.2.1 General. Existing Group R occupancies 
not already provided with single-station smoke alarms 
shall be provided with approved single-station smoke 
alarms. Installation shall be in accordance with para- 
graph (G)(2)(j)(907.2.10) of this rule, except as provided 
in paragraphs (G)(3)(b)(ii)(907.3.2.2) and 
(G)(3)(b)(iii)(907.3.2.3) of this rule. 



il 



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(ii) 907.3.2.2 Interconnection. Where more than one 
smoke alarm is required to be installed within an individ- 
ual dwelling unit in Group R-2, R-3 or R-4, or within an 
individual sleeping unit in Group R-1, the smoke alarms 
shall be interconnected in such a manner that the activa- 
tion of one alarm will activate all of the alarms in the indi- 
vidual unit. The alarm shall be clearly audible in all 
bedrooms over background noise levels with all inter- 
vening doors closed. 

Exceptions: 

1 . Interconnection is not required in buildings that 
are not undergoing alterations, repairs or con- 
struction of any kind. 

2. Smoke alarms in existing areas are not required 
to be interconnected where alterations or repairs 
do not result in the removal of interior wall or 
ceiUng finishes exposing the structure, unless 
there is an attic, crawl space or basement avail- 
able which could provide access for intercon- 
nection without the removal of interior finishes. 

(iii) 907.3.2.3 Power source. In Group R occupancies, 
single-station smoke alarms shall receive their primary 
power from the building wiring provided that such wir- 
ing is served from a commercial source and shall be 
equipped with a battery backup. Smoke alarms shall emit 
a signal when the batteries are low. Wiring shall be per- 
manent and without a disconnecting switch other than as 
required for overcurrent protection. 

Exception: Smoke alarms are permitted to be solely 
battery operated: in existing buildings where no con- 
struction is taking place; buildings that are not served 
from a commercial power source and in existing areas 
of buildings undergoing alterations or repairs that do 
not result in the removal of interior walls or ceiling 
finishes exposing the structure, unless there is an attic, 
crawl space or basement available which could pro- 
vide access for building wiring without the removal of 
interior finishes. 

(4) 907.4 Manual fire alarm boxes. Manual fire alarm boxes 
shall be installed in accordance with paragraphs 
(G)(4)(a)(907.4.1) to (G)(4)(e)(907.4.5) of this rule. 

(a) 907.4.1 Location. Manual fire alarm boxes shall be 
located not more than 5 feet (1524 mm) from the entrance to 
each exit. Additional manual fire alarm boxes shall be 
located so that travel distance to the nearest box does not 
exceed 200 feet (60 960 mm). 

(b) 907.4.2 Height. The height of the manual fire alarm 
boxes shall be a minimum of 42 inches (1067 mm) and a 
maximum of 48 inches (1372 mm) measured vertically, fi-om 
the floor level to the activating handle or lever of the box. 

(c) 907.4.3 Color. Manual fire alarm boxes shall be red in 
color. 

(d) 907.4.4 Signs. Where fire alarm systems are not moni- 
tored by a supervising station, an approved permanent sign 
shall be installed adjacent to each manual fire alarm box that 



reads: "WHEN ALARM SOUNDS-CALL FIR13 DEPART- 
MENT." 

Exception: Where the manufacturer has permanently 
provided this information on the manual fire idarm box. 

(e) 907.4.5 Protective covers. The fire code official is 
authorized to require the installation of listed manual fire 
alarm box protective covers to prevent malicious false 
alarms or provide the manual fire alarm box with protection 
from physical damage. The protective cover shall be trans- 
parent or red in color with a transparent face to permit visi- 
bility of the manual fire alarm box. Each cover shall include 
proper operating instructions. A protective cover that emits 
a local alarm signal shall not be installed unless approved. 

(5) 907.5 Power supply. The primary and secondary power 
supply for the fire alarm system shall be provided in accor- 
dance with NITA 72 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the 
Administrative Code. 

(6) 907.6 Wiring. Wiring shall comply with the requirements 
of the building code andNFPA 70 andNFPA 72 as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. Wireless protection 
systems utilizing radio-frequency transmitting devices shall 
comply with the special requirements for supervision of 
low-power wireless systems in NFFA 72 as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

(7) 907.7 Activation. Where an alarm notification system is 
required by snother paragraph of this code, it shall be activated 
by: 

(a) Required automatic fire alarm system. 

(b) Sprinkler water-flow devices. 

(c) Required manual fire alarm boxes. 

(8) 907.8 Presignal system. Presignal systems shall not be 
installed unless approved by the fire code official and the fire 
department. Where a presignal system is installed, 24-hour 
personnel supervision shall be provided at a location approved 
by the fire department, in order that the alarm signal can be 
actuated in the event of fire or other emergency. 

(9) 907.9 Zones. Each floor shall be zoned separately and a 
zone shall not exceed 22,500 square feet ( 1 860 m^). The length 
of any zone shall not exceed 300 feet (9 1 440 mm) in any direc- 
tion. 

Exception: Automatic sprinkler system zones shall not 
exceed the area permitted by NFPA 13 05 listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

(a) 907.9.1 Zoning indicator panel. A zoning indicator 
panel and the associated controls shall be provided in an 
approved location. The visual zone indication shall lock 
in until the system is reset and shall not be canceled by 
the operation of an audible-alarm silencing switch. 

(b) 907.9.2 High-rise buildings. In buildings with a 
floor used for human occupancy that is located more than 
75 feet (22 860 mm) above the lowest level of fire depart- 
ment vehicle access, a separate zone by floor shall be 
provided for all of the following types of alarm-initiating 
devices where provided: 

(i) Smoke detectors. 



114 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS 



(ii) Sprinkler water-flow devices. 

(Hi) Manual fire alarm boxes. 

(iv) Other approved types of automatic fire detection 
devices or suppression systems. 

(10) 907.10 Alarm notification appliances. Alarm notifica- 
tion appliances shall be provided and shall be listed for their 
purpose. 

(a) 907.10.1 Audible and visual alarms shall be installed 
in accordance with the "ADAAG " andNFPA 72 as listed 
in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

(b) 907.10.2 Audible alarms. Audible alarm notifica- 
tion appliances shall be provided and sound a distinctive 
sound that is not to be used for any purpose other than 
that of a fire alarm. The audible alarm notification appli- 
ances shall provide a sound pressure level of 15 decibels 
(dBA) above the average ambient sound level or 5 dBA 
above the maximum sound level having a duration of at 
least 60 seconds, whichever is greater, in every occupied 
space within the building. The minimum sound pressure 
levels shall be: 70 dBA in occupancies in Groups R and 
I-l; 90 dBA in mechanical equipment rooms; and 60 
dBA in other occupancies. The maximum sound pres- 
sure level for audible alarm notification appliances shall 
be 120 dBA at the minimum hearing distance from the 
audible appliance. Where the average ambient noise is 
greater than 105 dBA, visible alarm notification appli- 
ances shall be provided in accordance with NFPA 72 as 
listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code 
and audible alarm notification appliances shall not be 
required. 

(11) 907.11 Fire safety functions. Automatic fire detectors 
utilized for the purpose of performing fire safety functions 
shall be connected to the building's fire alarm control panel 
where a fire alarm system is required by paragraph 
(G)(2)(907.2) of this rule. Detectors shall, upon actuation, per- 
form the intended function and activate the alarm notification 
appliances or activate a visible and audible supervisory signal 
at a constantly attended location. In buildings not required to be 
equipped with a fire alarm system, the automatic fire detector 
shall be powered by normal electrical service and, upon actua- 
tion, perform the intended function. The detectors shall be 
located in accordance with NFPA 72 as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

(12) 907.12 Duct smoke detectors. Duct smoke detectors shall 
be connected to the building's fire alarm control panel when a 
fire alarm system is provided. Activation of a duct smoke detec- 
tor shall initiate a visible and audible supervisory signal at a con- 
stantly attended location. Duct smoke detectors shall not be used 
as a substitute for required open area detection. 

Exceptions: 

1 . The supervisory signal at a constantly attended loca- 
tion is not required where duct smoke detectors acti- 
vate the building's alarm notification appliances. 

2. In occupancies not required to be equipped with a fire 
alarm system, actuation of a smoke detector shall acti- 
vate a visible and an audible signal in an approved 



location. Smoke detector trouble conditions shall 
activate a visible or audible signal in an approved 
location and shall be identified as air duct detector 
trouble. 

(13) 907.13 Access. Access shall be provided to each detector 
for periodic inspection, maintenance and testing. 

(14) 907.14 Fire-extinguishing systems. Automatic 
fire-extinguishing systems shall be connected to the building 
fire alarm system where a fire alarm system is required by 
another paragraph of this code or is otherwise installed. 

(15) 907.15 Monitoring. Fire alarm systems required by this 
rule or by the building code listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the 
Administrative Code, shall be monitored by an approved super- 
vising station in accordance with NFPA 72 as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

Exception: Supervisory service is not required for: 

1. Single- and multiple-station smoke alarms required 
by paragraph (G)(2)(j)(907.2.10) of this rule. 

2. Smoke detectors in Group 1-3 occupancies. 

3. Automatic sprinkler systems in one- and two-family 
dwellings. 

(16) 907.16 Automatic telephone-dialing devices. Automatic 
telephone-dialing devices used to transmit an emergency alarm 
shall not be connected to any fire department telephone number 
unless approved by the fire chief. 

(17) 907.17 Acceptance tests. Upon completion of the instal- 
lation of the fire alarm system, alarm notification appUances 
and circuits, alarm-initiating devices and circuits, supervi- 
sory-signal initiating devices and circuits, signaling line cir- 
cuits, and primary and secondary power supphes shall be tested 
in accordance with NFPA 72 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of 
the Administrative Code. When required, all testing shall be 
conducted in the presence of the fire code official. I 

(18) 907.18 Record of completion. A record of completion in 
accordance with NFPA 72 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the 
Administrative Code verifying that the system has been 
installed in accordance with the approved plans and specifica- 
tions shall be provided. 

(19) 907.19 Instructions. Operating, testing and maintenance 
instructions and record drawings ("as builts") and equipment 
specifications shall be provided at an approved location. 

(20) 907.20 Inspection, testing and maintenance. The main- 
tenance and testing schedules and procedures for fire alarm and 
fire detection systems shall be in accordance with this para- 
graph and Chapter 1 of NFPA 72 as listed in rule 1301 : 7- 7-45 I 
of the Administrative Code. 

(a) 907.20.1 Maintenance required. Whenever or wher- 
ever any device, equipment, system, condition, arrange- 
ment, level of protection or any other feature is required for 
compliance with the provisions of this code, such device, 
equipment, system, condition, arrangement, level of protec- 
tion or other feature shall thereafter be continuously main- 
tained in accordance with applicable NFPA requirements or 
as directed by the fire code official. 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



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(b) 907.20.2 Testing. Testing shall be performed in accor- 
dance with the schedules in Chapter 7 of NFPA 72 as listed 
in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code or more fre- 
quently where required by the fire code official. Where 
automatic testing is performed at least weekly by a remotely 
monitored fire alarm control unit specifically listed for the 
apphcation, the manual testing frequency shall be permitted 
to be extended to annual. 

Exception: Devices or equipment that are inaccessible 
for safety considerations shall be tested during scheduled 
shutdowns where approved by the fire code official, but 
not less than every 18 months. 

(c) 907.20.3 Detector sensitivity. Detector sensitivity shall 
be checked within 1 year after installation and every alter- 
nate year thereafter. After the second calibration test, where 
sensitivity tests indicate that the detector has remained 
within its listed and marked sensitivity range (or 4-per cent 
obscuration Ught grey smoke, if not marked), the length of 
time between calibration tests shall be permitted to be 
extended to a maximum of 5 years. Where the frequency is 
extended, records of detector-caused nuisance alarms and 
subsequent trends of these alarms shall be maintained. In 
zones or areas where nuisance alarms show any increase 
over the previous year, calibration tests shall be performed. 

(d) 907.20.4 Method. To ensure that each smoke detector is 
within its listed and marked sensitivity range, it shall be 
tested using either a calibrated test method, the manufac- 
turer's calibrated sensitivity test instrument, listed control 
equipment arranged for the purpose, a smoke detector/con- 
trol unit arrangement whereby the detector causes a signal at 
the control unit where its sensitivity is outside its acceptable 
sensitivity range or other calibrated sensitivity test method 
acceptable to the fire code official. Detectors found to have a 
sensitivity outside the listed and marked sensitivity range 
shall be cleaned and recalibrated or replaced. 

Exceptions: 

1 . Detectors listed as field adjustable shall be permit- 
ted to be either adjusted within the Usted and 
marked sensitivity range and cleaned and 
recalibrated or they shall be replaced. 

2. This requirement shall not apply to single-station 
smoke alarms. 

(i) 907.20.4.1 Testing device. Detector sensitivity shall 
not be tested or measured using a device that administers 
an unmeasured concentration of smoke or other aerosol 
into the detector. 

(e) 907.20.5 Maintenance, inspection and testing. The 

building owner shall be responsible for ensuring that the fire 
and life safety systems are maintained in an operable condi- 
tion at all times. Service personnel shall meet the certifica- 
tion requirements of this rule as applicable and the 
quahfication requirements of NFPA 72 as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code for maintaining, 
inspecting and testing such systems. A written record shall 
be maintained and shall be made available to the fire code 
official. 



(H) SECTION 908 
EMERGENCY ALARM SYSTEMS 

(1) 908.1 Group H occupancies. Emergency aliarms for the 
detection and notification of an emergency condition in Group 
H occupancies shall be provided as required in rule 
1301:7-7-27 of the Administrative Code. 

(2) 908.2 Group H-5 occupancy. Emergency alarms for noti- 
fication of an emergency condition in an "HPM" facility shall 
be provided as required inparagraph (C)(12)(1803.12) of rule 
1301:7-7-18 of the Administrative Code. A continuous gas 
detection system shall be provided for "HPM" gases in accor- 
dance v/ith paragraph (C)(13)(1803.13) of rule 1301:7-7-18 of 
the Administrative Code. 

(3) 908.3 Highly toxic and toxic materials. Wliere required 
by paragraph (D)(2)(b)(x)(3704.2.2.10) of rule 1301:7-7-37 
of the Administrative Code, a gas detection system shall be pro- 
vided for indoor storage and use of highly toxic and toxic com- 
pressed gases. 

(4) 908.4 Ozone gas-generator rooms. A gas detection sys- 
tem shall be provided in ozone gas-generator rooms in accor- 
dance v/iihparagraph (E)(3)(b)(3705.3.2) of rule 1301:7-7-37 
of the Administrative Code. 

(5) 908.5 Repair garages. A flanmiable-gas detection system 
shall be provided in repair garages for vehicles fueled by 
non-odorized gases in accordance with paragraph 
(K)(7)(b)(221 1.7.2) of rule 1301:7-7-22 of the Administrative 
Code. 

(6) 908.6 Refrigeration systems. Refrigeration system 
machinery rooms shall be provided with a refrigerant detector 
in accordance with paragraph (F)(8)(606.8) of rule 
1301:7-7-06 of the Administrative Code. 



(I) SECTION 909 
SMOKE CONTROL SYSTEMS 

(1) [B] 909.1 Scope and purpose. This paragraph appUes to 
mechanical or passive smoke control systems when they are 
required for new buildings or portions thereof by provisions of 
the building code listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administra- 
tive Code or this code. The purpose of this paragraph is to 
establish minimum requirements for the design, installation 
and acceptance testing of smoke control systems that are 
intended to provide a tenable enviromnent for the evacuation or 
relocation of occupants. These provisions are not intended for 
the preservation of contents, the timely restoration of opera- 
tion, or for assistance in fire suppression or overhaul activities. 
Smoke control systems regulated by Xhis paragraph serve a dif- 
ferent purpose than the smoke- and heat-venting provisions 
found in paragraph (J)(910) of this rule. Mechanical smoke 
control systems shall not be considered exhaust systems under 
Chapter 5 of the mechanical code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 
of the Administrative Code. 

(2) [B] 909.2 General design requirements. Buildings, struc- 
tures, or parts thereof required by the building code as listed in 
rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code or this code to 
have a smoke control system or systems shall have such sys- 
tems designed in accordance with the applicable requirements 



116 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS 



of paragraph (I)(909) of this rule and the generally accepted 
and well-established principles of engineering relevant to the 
design. The construction documents shall include sufficient 
information and detail to describe adequately the elements of 
the design necessary for the proper implementation of the 
smoke control systems. These documents shall be accompa- 
nied with sufficient information and analysis to demonstrate 
compliance with these provisions. 

(3) [B] 909.3 Special inspection and test requirements. In 

addition to the ordinary inspection and test requirements to 
which buildings, structures and parts thereof are required to 
undergo, smoke control systems subject to the provisions of 
paragraph (I)(909) of this rule shall undergo special inspec- 
tions and tests sufficient to verify the proper commissioning of 
the smoke control design in its final installed condition. The 
design submission accompanying the construction documents 
shall clearly detail procedures and methods to be used and the 
items subject to such inspections and tests. Such commission- 
ing shall be in accordance with generally accepted engineering 
practice and, where possible, based on published standards for 
the particular testing involved. The special inspections and 
tests required by this paragraph shall be conducted under the 
same terms as in the building code as listed in rule 1301 : 7-7-45 
of the Administrative Code. 

(4) [B] 909.4 Analysis. A rational analysis supporting the 
types of smoke control systems to be employed, the methods of 
their operations, the systems supporting them, and the methods 
of construction to be utilized shall accompany the construction 
documents submission and include, but not be limited to, the 
items indicated in paragraphs (I)(4)(a)(909.4.1) to 
(I)(4)(f)(909.4.6) of this rule. 

(a) [B] 909.4.1 Stack effect. The system shall be designed 
such that the maximum probable normal or reverse stack 
effect will not adversely interfere with the system's capabil- 
ities. In determining the maximum probable stack effect, 
altitude, elevation, weather history and interior tempera- 
tures shall be used. 

(b) [B] 909.4.2 Temperature effect of fire. Buoyancy and 
expansion caused by the design fire in accordance with 
paragraph (I)(9)(909.9) of this rule shall be analyzed. The 
system shall be designed such that these effects do not 
adversely interfere with the system's capabihties. 

(c) [B] 909.4.3 Wind effect. The design shall consider the 
adverse effects of wind. Such consideration shall be consis- 
tent with the wind-loading provisions of the building code 
as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

(d) [B] 909.4.4 Systems. The design shall consider the 
effects of the heating, ventilating and air-conditioning 
("HVAC") systems on both smoke and fire transport. The 
analysis shall include all permutations of systems status. 
The design shall consider the effects of the fire on the heat- 
ing, ventilating and air-conditioning systems. 

(e) IBI 909.4.5 Climate. The design shall consider the 
effects of low temperatures on systems, property and occu- 
pants. Air inlets and exhausts shall be located so as to pre- 
vent snow or ice blockage. 



(f) [BI 909.4.6 Duration of operation. All portions of 
active or passive smoke control systems shall be capable of 
continued operation after detection of the fire event for a 
period of not less than either 20 minutes or 1 .5 times the cal- 
culated egress time, whichever is less. 

(5) [B] 909.5 Smoke barrier construction. Smoke barriers 
shall comply with the building code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. Smoke barriers shall 
be constructed and sealed to limit leakage areas exclusive of 
protected openings. The maximum allowable leakage area 
shall be the aggregate area calculated using the following leak- 
age area ratios: 

I.Walls: AM, = 0.00100 

2. Exit enclosures: A/A^ = 0.00035 

3. All other shafts: A/A, = 0.00150 

4. Floors and roofs: A/A^= 0.00050 
where: 



A = Total leakage area, square feet (m^). 

Af = Unit floor or roof area of barrier, square feet (m^). 

A^ = Unit wall area of barrier, square feet (m^). 

The leakage area ratios shown do not include openings due 
to doors, operable windows or similar gaps. These shall be 
included in calculating the total leakage area. 

(a) [B] 909.5.1 Leakage area. Total leakage area of the bar- 
rier is the product of the smoke barrier gross area monitored 
by the allowable leakage area ratio, plus the area of other 
openings such as gaps and operable windows. CompUance 
shall be determined by achieving the minimum air pressure 
difference across the barrier with the system in the smoke 
control mode for mechanical smoke control systems. Pas- 
sive smoke control systems tested using other approved 
means such as door fan testing shall be as approved by the 
fire code official pursuant to paragraph (A)(l)(901.1) of 
this rule. At locations or in structures not regulated by the 
building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Adminis- 
trative Code, the test method shall be approved by the fire 
code official prior to system installation. 

(b) [B] 909.5.2 Opening protection. Openings in smoke 
barriers shall be protected by automatic-closing devices 
actuated by the required controls for the mechanical smoke 
control system. Door openings shall be protected by door 
assemblies complying with the requirements of the building 
code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative 
Code for doors in smoke barriers. 

Exceptions: 

1. Passive smoke control systems with auto- 
matic-closing devices actuated by spot-type 
smoke detectors listed for releasing service 
installed in accordance with paragraph 
(G)(10)(90710) of this rule. I 

2. Fixed openings between smoke zones which are 
protected utilizing the airflow method. 

3. In Group 1-2, where such doors are installed across 
corridors, a pair of opposite-swinging doors with- 
out a center mullion shall be installed having 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



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vision panels with fire protection-rated glazing 
materials in fire protection-rated frames, the area 
of which shall not exceed that tested. The doors 
shall be close fitting within operational tolerances, 
and shall not have undercuts, louvers, or grilles. 
The doors shall have head and jamb stops, astra- 
gals or rabbets at meeting edges, and auto- 
matic-closing devices. Positive-latching devices 
are not required. 

4. Group 1-3. 

5. Openings between smoke zones with clear ceiling 
heights of 14 feet (4267 mm) or greater and 
bank-down capacity of greater than 20 minutes as 
determined by the design fire size. 

(c) [B] 909.5.2.1 Ducts and air transfer openings. 

Ducts and air transfer openings are required to be pro- 
tected with a minimum Class n, 250°F (12rC) smoke 
damper complying with the building code as listed in 
rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

(6) [B] 909.6 Pressurization method. The primary mechani- 
cal means of controlling smoke shall be by pressure differences 
across smoke barriers. Maintenance of a tenable environment 
is not required in the smoke-control zone of fire origin. 

(a) [B] 909.6.1 Minimum pressure difference. The mini- 
mum pressure difference across a smoke barrier shall be 
0.05-inch water gage (0.0124) in fully sprinklered build- 
ings. 

In buildings allowed to be other than fully sprinklered, 
the smoke control system shall be designed to achieve pres- 
sure differences at least two times the maximum calculated 
pressure difference produced by the design fire. 

(b) [B] 909.6.2 Maximum pressure difference. The maxi- 
mum air pressure difference across a smoke barrier shall be 
determined by required door-opening or closing forces. The 
actual force required to open exit doors when the system is 
in the smoke control mode shall be in accordance with para- 
graph (H)(l)(b)(1008.L2) of rule 1301:7-7-10 of the 
Administrative Code. Opening and closing forces for other 
doors shall be determined by standard engineering methods 
for the resolution of forces and reactions. The calculated 
force to set a side-hinged, swinging door in motion shall be 
determined by: 

F=Fj,+K(WAAP)/2(W-d) (Equation 9-1) 

where: 

A = Door area, square feet (m^). 

d = Distance from door handle to latch edge of door, feet 
(m). 

F = Total door opening force, pounds (N). 

F^ = Force required to overcome closing device, pounds 

(N). 

K = Coefficient 5.2 (1.0). 
W = Door width, feet (m). 
AP = Design pressure difference, inches of water (Pa). 



(7) [B] 909.7 Airflow design method. When approved by the 
fire code official pursuant to paragraph (A)(l)(901.1) of this 
rule, smoke migration through openings fixed in a permanently 
open position, which are located between smoke-control zones 
by the use of the airflow method, shall be permitted. The design 
airflow shall be in accordance with this paragraph. Airflow 
shall be directed to limit smoke migration from the fu^e zone. 
The geometry of openings shall be considered to prevent flow 
reversal from turbulent effects. At locations or in structures not 
regulated by the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of 
the Administrative Code, airflow design method shall be 
approved by the fire code official prior to system installation. 

(a) [B] 909.7.1 Velocity. The minimum average velocity 
through a fixed opening shall not be less than: 

V = 217.2 [/i (Tf- Ty(Tf+ 460)1 "' (Equation 9-2) 
For SI: v = 119.9 [h (Tf- T,)IT^''^ 

where: 

h = Height of opening, feet (m). 

Tf = Temperature of smoke, °F (°K). 

Tg = Temperature of ambient air, °F (°K). 

V = Air velocity, feet per minute (m/minute). 

(b) [B] 909.7.2 Prohibited conditions. This method shall 
not be employed where either the quantity of air or the 
velocity of the airflow will adversely affect other portions of 
the smoke control system, unduly intensify the fire, disrupt 
plume dynamics or interfere with exiting. In no case shall 
airflows toward the fu-e exceed 200 feet per minute (1.02 
m/s). Where the formula in paragraph (I)(7)(a)(909. 7.1) of 
this rule requires airflows to exceed this hmit, the airflow 
method shall not be used. 

(8) [B] 909.8 Exhaust method. When approved by the fu-e 
code officiai pursuant to paragraph (A)(l)(901.1) of this rule, 
mechanical smoke control for large enclosed volumes, such as 
in atriums or malls, shall be permitted to utilize the exhaust 
method. Smoke control systems using the exhaust method shall 
be designed in accordance with NFPA 92B as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. At locations or in 
structures not regulated by the building code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code, the exhaust method 
shall be approved by the fire code official prior to system instal- 
lation. 

(a) [B] 909.8.1 Smoke layer. The height of the lowest hori- 
zontal surface of the accumulating smoke layer shall be 
maintained at least 6 feet (1829 mm) above any walking sur- 
face that forms a portion of a required egress system within 
the smoke zone. 

(9) [B] 909.9 Design fire. The design fire shall be based on a 
rational analysis performed by the registered design profes- 
sional and approved by the fire code official pursuant to para- 
graph (A)(l)(901.1) of this rule. The design fire shall be based 
on the analysis in accordance with paragraph (I)(4)(909.4) of 
this rule and this paragraph. At locations or in structures not 
regulated by the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of 
the Administrative Code, the design fire shall be approved by 
the fire code official prior to system installation. 



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(a) [B] 909.9.1 Factors considered. The engineering anal- 
ysis shall include the characteristics of the fuel, fuel load, 
effects included by the fire, and whether the fire is likely to 
be steady or unsteady. 

(b) [B] 909.9.2 Separation distance. Determination of the 
design fire shall include consideration of the type of fuel, 
fuel spacing and configuration. 



R = [Q/(12nq")y 



(Equation 9-8) 



where: 

q" = Incident radiant heat flux required for nonpiloted 
ignition, Btu/ft^ • s (W/m^). 

Q = Heat release from fire, Btu/s (kW). 

R = Separation distance from target to center of fuel pack- 
age, feet (m). 

(c) [B] 909.9.3 Heat-release assumptions. The analysis 
shall make use of best available data from approved sources 
and shall not be based on excessively stringent limitations of 
combustible material. 

(d) [B] 909.9.4 Sprinkler effectiveness assumptions. A 

documented engineering analysis shall be provided for con- 
ditions that assume fire growth is halted at the time of sprin- 
kler activation. 

(10) [B] 909.10 Equipment. Equipment such as, but not lim- 
ited to, fans, ducts, automatic dampers and balance dampers, 
shall be suitable for their intended use, suitable for the probable 
exposure temperatures that the rational analysis indicates, and 
as approved by the fire code ofiicial pursuant to (A)(l)(901.1) 
of this rule. At locations or in structures not regulated by the 
building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administra- 
tive Code, the equipment shall be approved by the fire code offi- 
cial prior to system installation. 

(a) [B] 909.10.1 Exhaust fans. Components of exhaust fans 
shall be rated and certified by the manufacturer for the prob- 
able temperature rise to which the components will be 
exposed. This temperature rise shall be computed by: 



T, = (QJmc)-t-(TJ 
where: 



(Equation 9-9) 



c = Specific heat of smoke at smokelayer temperature, 
Btu/lb°F. (kJ/kg • K). 

m = Exhaust rate, pounds per second (kg/s). 

<2c = Convective heat output of fire, Btu/s (kW). 

T^ = Ambient temperature, °F (°K). 

T, = Smoke temperature, °F (°K). 

Exception: Reduced 7"^ as calculated based on the assur- 
ance of adequate dilution air. 

(b) [B] 909.10.2 Ducts. Duct materials and joints shall be 
capable of withstanding the probable temperatures and 
pressures to which they are exposed as determined in accor- 
dance with paragraph (l)(10)(a)(909.10.1) of this rule. 
Ducts shall be constructed and supported in accordance 
with the mechanical code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of 
the Administrative Code. Ducts shall be leak tested to 1.5 



times the maximum design pressure in accordance with 
nationally accepted practices. Measured leakage shall not 
exceed 5 per cent of design flow. Results of such testing 
shall be a part of the documentation procedure. Ducts shall 
be supported directly fi^om fire-resistance-rated structural 
elements of the building by substantial, noncombustible 
supports. 

Exception: Flexible connections (for the purpose of 
vibration isolation) complying with the mechanical code 
as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code 
and which are constructed of approved fire-resis- 
tance-rated materials. 

(c) [B] 909.10.3 Equipment, inlets and outlets. Equip- 
ment shall be located so as to not expose uninvolved por- 
tions of the building to an additional fire hazard. Outside air 
inlets shall be located so as to minimize the potential for 
introducing smoke or flame into the building. Exhaust out- 
lets shall be so located as to minimize reintroduction of 
smoke into the building and to limit exposure of the building 
or adjacent buildings to an additional fire hazard. 

(d) [B] 909.10.4 Automatic dampers. Automatic dampers, 
regardless of the purpose for which they are installed within 
the smoke control system, shall be hsted and conform to the 
requirements of approved recognized standards. 

(e) [B] 909.10.5 Fans. In addition to other requirements, 
belt-driven fans shall have 1.5 times the number of belts 
required for the design duty with the minimum number of 
belts being two. Fans shall be selected for stable perfor- 
mance based on normal temperature and, where apphcable, 
elevated temperature. Calculations and manufacturer's fan 
curves shall be part of the documentation procedures. Fans 
shall be supported and restrained by noncombustible 
devices in accordance with the structural design require- 
ments of Chapter 16 of the building code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. Motors driving 
fans shall not be operating beyond their nameplate horse- 
power (kilowatts) as determined from measurement of 
actual current draw and shall have a minimum service factor 
of 1.15. 

(11) [B] 909.11 Power systems. The smoke control system 
shall be supplied with two sources of power. Primary power 
shall be the normal building power systems. Secondary power 
shall be from an approved standby source complying with the 
building code ondNFPA 70 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the 
Administrative Code. The standby power source and its trans- 
fer switches shall be in a separate room from the normal power 
transformers and switch gear and shall be enclosed in a room 
constructed of not less than 1-hour fire-resistance-rated fire 
barriers, ventilated directly to and from the exterior. Power dis- 
tribution from the two sources shall be by independent routes. 
Transfer to full standby power shall be automatic and within 60 
seconds of failure of the primary power. The systems shall 
comply with the building code and NFPA 70 as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

(a) [B] 909.11.1 Power sources and power surges. Ele- 
ments of the smoke management system relying on volatile 
memories or the like shall be suppUed with uninterruptable 
power sources of sufficient duration to span 15-minute pri- 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



119 



FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS 



mary power interruption. Elements of the smoke manage- 
ment system susceptible to power surges shall be suitably 
protected by conditioners, suppressors or other approved 
means. 

(12) [B] 909.12 Detection and control systems. Fire detection 
systems providing control input or output signals to mechani- 
cal smoke control systems or elements thereof shall comply 
with the requirements of paragraph (G)(907) of this rule. Such 
systems shall be equipped with a control unit complying with 
UL 864 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative 
Code and hsted as smoke control equipment. 

Control systems for mechanical smoke control systems shall 
include provisions for verification. Verification shall include 
positive confirmation of actuation, testing, manual override, 
the presence of power downstream of all disconnects and, 
through a preprogrammed weekly test sequence report, abnor- 
mal conditions audibly, visually and by printed report. 

(a) [B] 909.12.1 Wiring. In addition to meeting require- 
ments of the building code and NFPA 70 as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code, aU wiring, regard- 
less of voltage, shall be fully enclosed within continuous 
raceways. 

(b) 909.12.2 Activation. Smoke control systems shall be 
activated in accordance with this paragraph. 

(i) 909.12.2.1 Pressurization, airflow or exhaust 
method. Mechanical smoke control systems using the 
pressurization, airflow or exhaust method shall have 
completely automatic control. 

(ii) 909.12.2.2 Passive method. Passive smoke control 
systems actuated by approved spot-type detectors hsted 
for releasing service shall be permitted. 

(c) 909.12.3 Automatic control. Where completely auto- 
matic control is required or used, the automatic-control 
sequences shall be initiated from an appropriately zoned 
automatic sprinkler system complying with paragraph 
(C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of this rule, manual controls that are 
readily accessible to the fire department, and any smoke 
detectors required by the engineering analysis. 

(13) [B] 909.13 Control air tubing. Control air tubing shall be 
of sufficient size to meet the required response times. Tubing 
shall be flushed clean and dry prior to final connections and 
shall be adequately supported and protected from damage. 
Tubing passing through concrete or masonry shall be sleeved 
and protected from abrasion and electrolj^c action. 

(a) [B] 909.13.1 Materials. Control air tubing shall be hard 
drawn copper, Type L, ACR in accordance with ASTM B 
42, ASTM B 43, ASTM B 68, ASTM B 88, ASTM B 251 
and ASTM B 280 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the 
Administrative Code. Fittings shall be wrought copper or 
brass, solder type, in accordance with ASME B16.18 or 
ASMEB 16.22 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Adminis- 
trative Code. Changes in direction shall be made with 
appropriate tool bends. Brass compression-type fittings 
shall be used at final connection to devices; other joints shall 
be brazed using a BCuP5 brazing alloy with soUdus above 
1,100°F (593°C) and liquids below 1,500°F (816°C). Braz- 
ing flux shall be used on copper-to-brass joints only. 



Exception: Nonmetallic tubing used within control pan- 
els and at the final connection to devices, provided all of 
the following conditions are met: 

1. Tubing shall be listed by an approved agency for 
flame and smoke characteristics. 

2. Tubing and the connected device shall be com- 
pletely enclosed with a galvanized or paint-grade 
steel enclosure of not less than 0.030 inch (0.76 
nma) (No. 22 galvanized sheet gage) thickness. 
Entry to the enclosure shall be by copper tubing 
with a protective grommet of neoprene or teflon or 
by suitable brass compression to male-barbed 
adapter. 

3. Tubing shall be identified by appropriately docu- 
mented coding. 

4. Tubing shall be neatly tied and supported within 
enclosure. Tubing bridging cabinet and door or 
moveable device shall be of sufficient length to 
avoid tension and excessive stress. Tubing shall be 
protected against abrasion. Tubing serving devices 
on doors shall be fastened along hinges. 

(b) [B] 909.13.2 Isolation from other functions. Control 
tubing serving other than smoke control functions shall be 
isolated by automatic isolation valves or shall be an inde- 
pendent system. 

(c) [B] 909.13.3 Testing. Control air tubing shall be tested at 
three times the operating pressure for not less than 30 min- 
utes without any noticeable loss in gauge pressure prior to 
final connection to devices. 

(14) [B] 909.14 Marking and identification. The detection 
and control systems shall be clearly marked at all junctions, 
accesses and terminations. 

(15) 909.15 Control diagrams. Identical control diagrams 
showing all devices in the system and identifying their location 
and function shall be maintained current and kept on file with 
the fire code official, the fire department and in the fire com- 
mand center in format and manner approved by the fire chief. 

(16) 909.16 Fire-fighter*s smoke control panel. A 

fire-fighter's smoke control panel for fire department emer- 
gency response purposes only shall be provided and shall 
include manual control or override of automatic control for 
mechanical smoke control systems. The panel shall be located 
in a fire command center complying with paragraph (I)(509) 
of rule 1301:7-7-05 of the Administrative Code in high-rise 
buildings or buildings with smoke-protected assembly seating. 
In all other buildings, the fire-fighter's smoke control panel 
shall be installed in an approved location adjacent to the fire 
alarm control panel. The fire-fighter's smoke control panel 
shall comply with paragraphs (I)(16)(a)(909.16.1) to 
(I)(16)(c)(909.16.3) of this rule. 

(a) 909.16.1 Smoke control systems. Fans within the 
building shall be shown on the fire-fighter's control panel. 
A clear indication of the direction of airflow and the rela- 
tionship of components shall be displayed. Status indica- 
tors shall be provided for all smoke control equipment. 



120 



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annunciated by fan and zone and by pilot-lamp-type indi- 
cators as follows: 

(i) Fans, dampers and other operating equipment in 
their normal status - "WHITE." 

(ii) Fans, dampers and other operating equipment in 
their off or closed status - "RED." 

(Hi) Fans, dampers and other operating equipment in 
their on or open status - "GREEN." 

(iv) Fans, dampers and other operating equipment in a 
fault status - "YELLOW/AMBER." 

(b) 909.16.2 Smoke control panel. The fire-fighter's con- 
trol panel shall provide control capability over the complete 
smoke-control system equipment within the building as fol- 
lows: 

(i) "ON-AUTO-OFF" control over each individual 
piece of operating smoke control equipment that can 
also be controlled from other sources within the 
building. This includes stairway pressurization 
fans; smoke exhaust fans; supply, return and 
exhaust fans; elevator shaft fans; and other operat- 
ing equipment used or intended for smoke control 
purposes. 

(ii) "OPEN-AUTO-CLOSE" control over individual 
dampers relating to smoke control and that are also 
controlled from other sources within the building. 

(iii) "ON-OFF" or "OPEN-CLOSE" control over smoke 
control and other critical equipment associated with 
a fire or smoke emergency and that can only be con- 
trolled from the fire-fighter's control panel. 

Exceptions: 

1. Complex systems, where approved, where the 
controls and indicators are combined to control 
and indicate all elements of a single smoke zone 
as a unit. 

2. Complex systems, where approved, where the 
control is accompUshed by computer interface 
using approved, plain English commands. 

(c) 909.16.3 Control action and priorities. The 

fire-fighter's control panel actions shall be as follows: 

(i) "ON-OFF", "OPEN-CLOSE" control actions shall 
have the highest priority of any control point within 
the building. Once issued from the fire-fighter's 
control panel, no automatic or manual control from 
any other control point within the building shall 
contradict the control action. Where automatic 
means are provided to interrupt normal, 
nonemergency equipment operation or produce a 
specific result to safeguard the building or equip- 
ment (i.e., duct fi-eezestats, duct smoke detectors, 
high-temperature cutouts, temperature-actuated 
linkage and similar devices), such means shall be 
capable of being overridden by the fire-fighter's 
control panel. The last control action as indicated by 
each fire-fighter's control panel switch position 
shall prevail. In no case shall control actions require 



the smoke control system to assume more than one 
configuration at any one time. 

Exception: Power disconnects required by the 
building code and NFPA 70 as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

(ii) Only the "AUTO" position of each three-position 
fire-fighter's control panel switch shall allow auto- 
matic or manual control action from other control 
points within the building. The "AUTO" position 
shall be the "NORMAL," nonemergency, building 
control position. Where a fire-fighter's control 
panel is in the "AUTO" position, the actual status of 
the device (on, off, open, closed) shall continue to be 
indicated by the status indicator described above. 
When directed by an automatic signal to assume an 
emergency condition, the "NORMAL" position 
shall become the emergency condition for that 
device or group of devices within the zone. In no 
case shall control actions require the smoke control 
system to assume more than one configuration at 
any one time. 

(17) 909.17 System response time. Smoke-control system 
activation shall be initiated immediately after receipt of an 
appropriate automatic or manual activation command. Smoke 
control systems shall activate individual components (such as 
dampers and fans) in the sequence necessary to prevent physi- 
cal damage to the fans, dampers, ducts and other equipment. 
For purposes of smoke control, the fire-fighter's control panel 
response time shall be the same for automatic or manual smoke 
control action initiated from any other building control point. 
The total response time, including that necessary for detection, 
shut down of operating equipment and smoke control system 
startup, shall allow for fuU operational mode to be achieved 
before the conditions in the space exceed the design smoke 
condition. The system response time for each component and 
their sequential relationships shall be detailed in the required 
rational analysis and verification of their installed condition 
reported in the required final report. 

(18) 909.18 Acceptance testing. Devices, equipment, compo- 
nents and sequences shall be individually tested. These tests, in 
addition to those required by other provisions of this code, shall 
consist of determination of function, sequence and, where 
applicable, capacity of their installed condition. 

(a) 908.18.1 Detection devices. Smoke or fire detectors that 
are a part of a smoke control system shall be tested in accor- 
dance with this rule in their installed condition. When appli- 
cable, this testing shall include verification of airflow in 
both minimum and maximum conditions. 

(b) 909.18.2 Ducts. Ducts that are part of a smoke control 
system shall be traversed using generally accepted practices 
to determine actual air quantities. 

(c) 909.18.3 Dampers. Dampers shall be tested for function 
in their installed condition. 

(d) 909.18.4 Inlets and outlets. Inlets and outlets shaU be 
read using generally accepted practices to determine air 
quantities. 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



121 



FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS 



(e) 909.18.5 Fans. Fans shall be examined for correct rota- 
tion. Measurements of voltage, amperage, revolutions per 
minute and belt tension shall be made. 

(f) 909.18.6 Smoke barriers. Measurements using inclined 
manometers or other approved calibrated measuring 
devices shall be made of the pressure differences across 
smoke barriers. Such measurements shall be conducted for 
each possible smoke control condition. 

(g) 909.18.7 Controls. Each smoke zone, equipped with an 
automatic-initiation device, shall be put into operation by 
the actuation of one such device. Each additional device 
within the zone shall be verified to cause the same sequence 
without requiring the operation of fan motors in order to 
prevent damage. Control sequences shall be verified 
throughout the system, including verification of override 
from the fire-fighter's control panel and simulation of 
standby power conditions. 

(h) 909.18.8 Special inspections for smoke control. 

Smoke control systems shall be tested by a special inspector. 

(i) 909.18.8.1 Scope of testing. Special inspections shall 
be conducted in accordance with the following: 

(a) During erection of ductwork and prior to con- 
cealment for the purposes of leakage testing and 
recording of device location. 

(b) Prior to occupancy and after sufficient comple- 
tion for the purposes of pressure-difference test- 
ing, flow measurements, and detection and 
control verification. 

(ii) 909.18.8.2 Qualifications. Special inspection agen- 
cies for smoke control shall have expertise in fire protec- 
tion engineering, mechanical engineering and 
certification as air balancers. 

(iii) 909.18.8.3 Reports. A complete report of testing 
shall be prepared by the special inspector or special 
inspection agency. The report shall include identification 
of all devices by manufacturer, nameplate data, design 
values, measured values and identification tag or mark. 
The report shall be reviewed by the responsible regis- 
tered design professional and, when satisfied that the 
design intent has been achieved, the responsible regis- 
tered design professional shall seal, sign and date the 
report. 

(a) 909.18.8.3.1 Report filing. A copy of the final 
report shall be filed with the fire code official and the 
building code official and an identical copy shall be 
maintained in an approved location at the building. 

(i) 909.18.9 Identification and docmnentation. Charts, 
drawings and other documents identifying and locating each 
component of the smoke control system, and describing their 
proper function and maintenance requirements, shaU be 
maintained on file at the building as an attachment to the 
report required by paragraph (I)(18)(h)(iii)(909.18.8.3) of 
this rule. Devices shall have an approved identifying tag or 
mark on them consistent with other required documentation 
and shall be dated indicating the last time they were success- 
fully tested and by whom. 



(19) 909.19 System acceptance. Buildings, or portions 
thereof, required by this code to comply with this paragraph 
shall not be occupied until such time that the provisions of this 
paragraph have been fully complied with, and that the fire 
department has received satisfactory instruction on the opera- 
tion, both automatic and manual, of the system. 

Exception: In buildings of phased construction, a tempo- 
rary certificate of occupancy, as approved by the fire code 
official, shall be permitted provided that those portions of 
the building to be occupied meet the requirements of this 
paragraph and that the remainder does not pose a signifi- 
cant hazard to the safety of the proposed occupants or adja- 
cent buildings. ^ 

(20) 909.20 Maintenance. Smoke control systems shall be I 
maintained to ensure to a reasonable degree that the system is 
capable of controlling smoke for the duration required. The 
system shall be maintained in accordance with the manufac- 
mrer's instructions and paragraphs (I)(21)(a)(909.21.1) to 
(I)(21)(e)(909.2L5) of this rule. 

(a) 909.20.1 Schedule. A routine maintenance and opera- I 
tional testing program shaU be initiated immediately after 
the smoke control system has passed the acceptance tests. A 
written schedule for routine maintenance and operational 
testing shall be established. 

(b) 909.20.2 Written record. A written record of smoke I 
control system testing and maintenance shall be maintained 
on the premises. The written record shall include the date of 
the maintenance, identification of the servicing personnel 
and notification of any unsatisfactory condition and the cor- 
rective action taken, including parts replaced. 

(c) 909.20.3 Testing. Operational testing of the smoke con- I 
trol system shall include all equipment such as initiating 
devices, fans, dampers, controls, doors and windows. 

(d) 909.20.4 Dedicated smoke control systems. Dedicated I 
smoke control systems shall be operated for each control 
sequence semiannually. The system shall also be tested 
under standby power conditions. 

(e) 909.20.5 Nondedicated smoke control systems. I 

Nondedicated smoke control systems shall be operated for 
each control sequence annually. The system shall also be 
tested under standby power conditions. 



(J) SECTION 910 
SMOKE AND HEAT VENTS 

(1) 910.1 General. Where required by this code or otherwise 
installed, smoke and heat vents or mechanical smoke exhaust 
systems, and draft curtains shall conform to the requirements 
of this paragraph. 

Exceptions: 

1. Frozen food warehouses used solely for storage of 
Class I and II commodities where protected by an 
approved automatic sprinkler system. 

2. Where areas of buildings are equipped with early sup- 
pression fast-response (ESFR) sprinklers, automatic 



122 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS 



smoke and heat vents shall not be required within 
these areas. 

(2) 910.2 Where required. Smoke and heat vents shall be 
installed in the roofs of one-story buildings or portions thereof 
occupied for the uses set forth in paragraphs (J)(2)(a)(91 0.2.1) 
to (J)(2)(d)(910.2.4) of this rule. 

(a) 910.2.1 Groups F-1 and S-1. Buildings and portions 
thereof used as a Group F-1 or S-1 occupancy having more 
than 50,000 square feet (4645 m^) of undivided area. 

Exception: Group S-1 aircraft repair hangars. 

(b) 910.2.2 High-piled combustible storage. Buildings 
and portions thereof containing high-piled combustible 
stock or rack storage in any occupancy group when required 
by paragraph (F)(7)(2306.7) of rule 1301:7-7-23 of the 
Administrative Code. 

(c) 910.2.3 Exit access travel distance increase. Buildings 
and portions thereof used as a Group F-1 or S-1 occupancy 
where the maximum exit access travel distance is increased 
in accordance with paragraph (O)(2)(1015.2) of rule 
1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code. 



(3) 910.3 Design and installation. The design and installation 
of smoke and heat vents and draft curtains shall be as specified 
in \h\s paragraph and Table 910.3 of this rule. 

(a) 910.3.1 Design. Smoke and heat vent shall be listed and 
labeled to indicate compliance with UL 793 as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

(b) 910.3.2 Vent operation. Smoke and heat vents shall be 
capable of being operated by approved automatic and man- 
ual means. Automatic operation of smoke and heat vents 
shall conform to the provisions of paragraphs 
(J)(3)(b)(i)(910.3.2.1) to (J)(3)(b)(iii)(910.3.2.3) of this 
rule. 

(i) 910.3.2.1 Gravity-operated drop out vents. Auto- 
matic smoke and heat vents containing heat-sensitive 
glazing designed to shrink and drop out of the vent open- 
ing when exposed to fire shall fully open within 5 min- 
utes after the vent cavity is exposed to a simulated fire 
represented by a time-temperature gradient that reaches 
an air-temperature of 500°F (260°C) within 5 minutes. 

(ii) 910.3.2.2 Sprinklered buildings. Where installed in 
buildings equipped with an approved automatic sprin- 



TABLE 910.3 
REQUIREMENTS FOR DRAFT CURTAINS AND SMOKE AND HEAT VENTS" 



OCCUPANCY 

GROUP AND 

COMMODITY 

CLASSIFICATION 


DESIGNATED 

STORAGE 
HEIGHT (feet) 


MINIMUM DRAFT 

CURTAIN DEPTH 

(feet) 


MAXIMUM AREA 

FORMED BY DRAFT 

CURTAINS (square feet) 


VENT AREA TO 
FLOOR AREA RATIO 


MAXIMUM 

SPACING OF 

VENT CENTERS 

(feet) 


MAXIMUM DISTANCE 
TO VENTS FROM 
WALL OR DRAFT 
CURTAINS" (feet) 


Group F-1 and S-1 





0.2 X H'^ but > 4 


50,000 


1:100 


120 


60 


High-piled storage 
(see paragraph 

(J)(2)(b)(910.2.2) 

of this rule) 
I-IV (Option 1) 


<20 


6 


10,000 


1:100 


100 


60 


> 20 < 40 


6 


8,000 


1:75 


100 


55 


High-piled storage 
(see paragraph 

(J)(2)(b)(910.2.2) 

of this rule) 
I-IV (Option 2) 


<20 


4 


3,000 


1:75 


100 


55 


> 20 < 40 


4 


3,000 


1:50 


100 


50 


High-piled storage 
(see paragraph 

(J)(2)(b)(910.2.2) 

of this rule) 

High hazard 

(Option 1) 


<20 


6 


6,000 


1:50 


100 


50 


> 20 < 30 


6 


6,000 


1:40 


90 


45 


High-piled storage 

(see paragraph 

(J)(2)(b)(910.2.2) 

of this rule) 

High hazard 

(Option 1) 


<20 


4 


4,000 


1:50 


100 


50 


> 20 < 30 


4 


2,000 


1:30 


75 


40 



For SI: 1 foot = 304.8 mm, 1 square foot = 0.0929 no?. 

a. Requirements for rack storage heights in excess of those indicated shall be in accordance with rule 1301 : 7- 7-23 of the Administrative Code. For soUd-piled storage 
heights in excess of those indicated, an approved engineered design shall be used. 

b. The distance specified is the maximum distance from any vent in a particular draft curtained area to walls or draft curtains which form the perimeter of the draft cur- 
tained area. 

c. Where draft curtains are not required, the vent area to floor area ratio shall be calculated based on a minimum draft curtain depth of 6 feet (Option 1). 

d. "H" is the height of the vent, in feet, above the floor. 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



123 



FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS 



kler system, smoke and heat vents shall be designed to 
operate automatically. 

(iii) 910.3.2.3 Nonsprinklered buildings. Where 
installed in buildings not equipped with an approved auto- 
matic sprinkler system, smoke and heat vents shall operate 
automatically by actuation of a heat-responsive device 
rated at between 100°F (56°C) and 220°F (122°C) above 
ambient. 

Exception: Gravity-operated drop out vents comply- 
ing 'wi\hparagraph (J)(3)(a)(i)(910.3.1.1) of this rule. 

(b) 910.3.3 Vent dimensions. The effective venting area 
shall not be less than 16 square feet (1.5 m^) with no dimen- 
sion less than 4 feet (1219 mm), excluding ribs or gutters hav- 
ing a total width not exceeding 6 inches (152 mm). 

(c) 910.3.4 Vent locations. Smoke and heat vents shall be 
located 20 feet (6096 mm) or more from adjacent lot lines and 
fire walls and 10 feet (3048 mm) or more from fire barrier 
walls. Vents shall be uniformly located within the roof area 
above high-piled storage areas, with consideration given to 
roof pitch, draft curtain location, sprinkler location and struc- 
tural members. 

(d) 910.3.5 Draft curtains. Where required, draft curtains 
shall be provided in accordance with this paragraph. 

Exception: Where areas of buildings are equipped with 
early suppression fast-response ("ESFR") sprinklers, draft 
curtains shall not be provided witlun these areas. Draft cur- 
tains shall only be provided at the separation between the 
"ESFR" sprinklers and the conventional sprinklers. 

(i) 910.3.5.1 Construction. Draft curtains shall be con- 
structed of sheet metal, lath and plaster, gypsum board or 
other approved materials which provide equivalent per- 
formance to resist the passage of smoke. Joints and con- 
nections shall be smoke tight. 

(ii) 910.3.5.2 Location and depth. The location and min- 
imum depth of draft curtains shall be in accordance with 
Table 910.3 of this rule. 

(4) 910.4 Mechanical smoke exhaust Where approved by the 
fire code official pursuant to paragraph (A)(l)(901.1) of this 
rule, engineered mechanical smoke exhaust shall be an accept- 
able alternative to smoke and heat vents. At locations or in struc- 
tures not regulated by the building code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code, the mechanical smoke 
exhaust shall be approved by the fire code official prior to system 
installation. 

(a) 910.4.1 Location. Exhaust fans shall be uniformly 
spaced within each draft-curtained area and the maximum 
distance between fans shall not be greater than 100 feet (30 
480 mm). 

(b) 910.4.2 Size. Fans shall have a maximum individual 
capacity of 30,000 cfm (14.2 mVs). The aggregate capacity of 
smoke exhaust fans shall be determined by the equation: 



C=Ax 300 
where: 



(Equation 9-10) 



C = Capacity of mechanical ventilation required, in cubic 
feet per minute (mVs). 

A = Area of roof vents provided in square feet (m^) in 
accordance with Table 910.3 of this rule. 

(c) 910.4.3 Operation. Mechanical smoke exhaust fans shall 
be automatically activated by the automatic spiinkler system 
or by heat detectors having operating characteristics equiva- 
lent to those described inparagraph (J)(3)(a)(910.3.1) of this 
rule. Individual manual controls of each fan unit shall also be 
provided. 

(d) 910.4.4 Wiring and control. Wiring for operation and 
control of smoke exhaust fans shall be connected ahead of 
the main disconnect and protected against exposure to tem- 
peratures in excess of 1,000°F (538°C) for a period of not 
less than 15 minutes. Controls shall be located so as to be 
immediately accessible to the fire service from the exterior 
of the building and protected against interior fire exposure 
by fire barriers having a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 
hour. 

(e) 910.4.5 Supply air. Supply air for exhaust fans shall be 
provided at or near the floor level and shall be sized to provide 
a minimum of 50 per cent of required exhaust. Openings for 
supply air shall be uniformly distributed around the periphery 
of the area served. 

(f) 910.4.6 Interlocks. On combination comfort air-han- 
dling/smoke removal systems or independent comfort 
air-handling systems, fans shall be controlled to shut down in 
accordance with the approved smoke control sequence. 



(K) SECTION 911 
EXPLOSION CONTROL 

(1) 911.1 General. Explosion control shall be provided in the 
following locations: 

(a) Where a structure, room or space is occupied for pur- 
poses involving explosion hazards as identified in 
Table 911.1 of this rule. 

(b) Where quantities of hazardous materials specified in 
Table 911.1 of this rule exceed the maximum allowable 
quantities in Table 2703.1.1(1) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of 
the Administrative Code. 

Such areas shall be provided with explosion (deflagration) 
venting, explosion (deflagration) prevention systems, or barri- 
cades in accordance with this paragraph and NFPA 69, or 
NFPA 495 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative 
Code as applicable. Deflagration venting shall not be utilized 
as a means to protect buildings from detonation hazards. 

(2) 911.2 Required deflagration venting. Areas that are 
required to be provided with deflagration venting shall comply 
with the following: 

(a) Walls, ceilings and roofs exposing surrounding areas 
shall be designed to resist a minimum internal pressure 
of 100 pounds per square foot (psf) (4788 Pa). The min- 
imum internal design pressure shall not be less than five 
times the maximum internal relief pressure specified in 
paragraph (K)(2)(e)(911.2) of this rule. 



124 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



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(b) Deflagration venting shall be provided only in exterior 
walls and roofs. 

Exception: Where sufficient exterior wall and roof 
venting cannot be provided because of inadequate 
exterior wall or roof area, deflagration venting shall 
be allowed by specially designed shafts vented to the 
exterior of the building. 

(c) Deflagration venting shall be designed to prevent unac- 
ceptable structural damage. When relieving a deflagra- 
tion, vent closures shall not produce projectiles of 
sufficient velocity and mass to cause life threatening 
injuries to the occupants or other persons on the prop- 
erty or adjacent public ways. 



(d) The aggregate clear area of vents and venting devices 
shall be governed by the pressure resistance of the con- 
struction assemblies specified in (K)(2)(a)(91 1.2.1) of 
this rule and the maximum internal pressure allowed by 
(K)(2)(e)(911.2.5) of this rule. 

(e) Vents shall be designed to withstand loads in accor- 
dance with the building code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. Vents shall 
consist of any one or any combination of the following 
to relieve at a maximum internal pressure of 20 pounds 
per square foot (958 Pa), but not less than the loads 
required by the building code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

(i) Exterior walls designed to release outward. 





TABLE 911.1 
EXPLOSION CONTROL REQUIREMENTS 






EXPLOSION CONTROL METHODS 


MATERIAL 


CLASS 


BARRICADE 
CONSTRUCTION 


EXPLOSION (DEFLAGRATION) VENTING OR 
EXPLOSION (DEFLAGRATION) PREVENTION SYSTEMS 


Hazard category 


Combustible dusts^ 





Not required 


Required 


Cryogenic fluids 


Flanmiable 


Not required 


Required 


Explosives 


Division 1.1 
Division 1.2 
Division 1.3 
Division 1.4 
Division 1.5 
Division 1.6 


Required 
Required 
Not required 
Not required 
Required 
Required 


Not required 
Not required 
Required 
Required 
Not required 
Not required 


Flammable gas 


Gaseous 
Liquefied 


Not required 
Not required 


Required 
Required 


Flammable liquids 


lA" 


Not required 
Not required 


Required 
Required 


Organic peroxides 


u ^ 

I 


Required 
Required 


Not permitted 
Not permitted 


Oxidizer liquids and solids 


4 


Required 


Not permitted 


Pyrophoric 


Gases 


Not required 


Required 


Unstable (reactive) 


4 

3 detonable 

3 nondetonable 


Required 

Required 

Not required 


Not permitted 

Not permitted 

Required 


Water-reactive liquids and solids 


3 

2« 


Not required 
Not required 


Required 
Required 


Special uses 


Acetylene generator rooms 





Not required 


Required 


Grain processing 





Not required 


Required 


Liquefied petroleum gas distribution facilities 





Not required 


Required 


Where explosion hazards exisf* 


Detonation 
Deflagration 


Required 
Not required 


Not permitted 
Required 



a. Combustible dusts that are generated during manufecturing or processing. See definition of combustible dust in rule 1301:7-7-02 of the Administrative Code. 

b. Storage or use. 

c. In open use or dispensing. 

d. Rooms containing dispensing and use of hazardous materials when an explosive environment can occur because of the characteristics or nature of the hazardous 
materials or as a result of the dispensing or use process. 

e. A method of explosion control shall be provided when Class 2 water-reactive materials can form potentially explosive mixtures. 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



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I I 



(ii) Hatch covers. 

(Hi) Outward swinging doors. 

(iv) Roofs designed to uplift. 

(v) Venting devices listed for the purpose. 

(vi) Vents designed to release from the exterior 
walls or roofs of the building when venting a 
deflagration shall discharge directly to the exte- 
rior of the building where an unoccupied space 
not less than 50 feet (15 240 mm) in width is 
provided between the exterior walls of the 
building and the property line. 

Exception: Vents complying with 
(K)(2)(e)(vii)(91 1.2.5.7) of this rule. 

(vii) Vents designed to remain attached to the build- 
ing when venting a deflagration shall be so 
located that the discharge opening shall not be 
less than 10 feet (3048 mm) vertically from 
window openings and exits in the building and 
20 feet (6096 mm) horizontally from exits in 
the building, from window openings and exits 
in adjacent buildings on the same property, and 
from the property line. 

(viii) Discharge from vents shall not be into the inte- 
rior of the building. 

(3) 911.3 Explosion prevention systems. Explosion preven- 
tion systems shall be of an approved type and installed in accor- 
dance with the provisions of this code and NFPA 69 as listed in 
rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

(4) 911.4 Barricades. Barricades shall be designed and 
installed in accordance with NFPA 495 as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 



(L) SECTION 912 
FIRE DEPARTMENT CONNECTIONS 

(1) 912.1 Installation. Fire department connections shall be 
installed in accordance with the NFPA standard applicable to 
the system design. 

(2) 912.2 Location. With respect to hydrants, driveways, 
buildings and landscaping, fire department connections shall 
be so located that fire apparatus and hose connected to supply 
the system will not obstruct access to the buildings for other fire 
apparatus. The location of fire department connections shall be 
approved by the fire code official. 

(a) 912.2.1 Visible location. Fire department connections 
shall be located on the street side of buildings, fully visible 
and recognizable from the street or nearest point of fire 
department vehicle access or otherwise approved by the fire 
code official. 

(b) 912.2.2 Existing buildings. On existing buildings, 
wherever the fire department connection is not visible to 
approaching fire apparatus, the fire department connection 
shall be indicated by an approved sign mounted on the street 
front or on the side of the building. Such sign shall have the 
letters "FDC" at least 6 inches (152 mm) high and words in 



letters at least 2 inches (5 1 mm) high or an arrow to indicate 
the location. All such signs shall be subject to the approval 
of the fire code official. 

(3) 912.3 Access. Immediate access to fire department connec- 
tions shall be maintained at all times and without obstruction 
by fences, bushes, trees, walls or any other object for a mini- 
mum of 3 feet (914 mm). 

(a) 912.3.1 Locking fire department connection caps. 

The fire code official is authorized to require locking caps 
on fire department connections for water-based fire protec- 
tion systems where the responding fire department carries 
appropriate key wrenches for removal. 

(4) 912.4 Signs. A metal sign with raised letters at least 1 inch 
(25 mm) in size shall be mounted on all fire department con- 
nections serving fire sprinklers, standpipes or fire pump con- 
nections. Such signs shall read: "AUTOMATIC 
SPRINKLERS" or "STANDPIPES" or "TEST CONNEC- 
TION" or a combination thereof as applicable. 

(5) [P] 912.5 Backflow protection. The potable water supply 
to automatic sprinkler and standpipe systems shall be protected 
against backflow as required by the plumbing code as listed in 
rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

(6) 912.6 Inspection, testing and maintenance. All fire 
department connections shall be periodically inspected, tested 
and maintained in accordance with NFPA 25 as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 



(M) SECTION 913 
FIRE PUMPS 

(1) 913.1 General. Where provided, fire pumps shall be 
installed in accordance with this paragraph and NFPA 20 as 
listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

(2) 913.2 Protection against interruption of service. The fire 
pump, driver, and controUer shall be protected in accordance 
with NFPA 20 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative 
Code against possible interruption of service through damage 
caused by explosion, fire, flood, earthquake, rodents, insects, 
windstorm, freezing, vandahsm and other adverse conditions. 

(3) 913.3 Temperature of pump room. Suitable means shall 
be provided for maintaining the temperature of a pump room or 
pump house, where required, above 40°F (5°C). 

(a) 913.3.1 Engine manufacturer's recommendation. 

Temperature of the pump room, pump house or area where 
engines are installed shall never be less than the minimum 
recommended by the engine manufacturer. The engine 
manufacturer's recommendations for oil heaters shall be 
followed. 

(4) 913.4 Valve supervision. Where provided, the fire pump 
suction, discharge and bypass valves, and the isolation valves 
on the backflow prevention device or assembly shall be super- 
vised open by one of the following methods. 

1. Central-station, proprietary, or remote-station signaling 
service. 

2. Local signaling service that will cause the sounding of an 
audible signal at a constantly attended location. 



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3. Locking valves open. 

4. Sealing valves and approved weekly record inspection 
where valves are located within fenced enclosures under 
the control of the owner. 

(a) 913.4.1 Test outlet valve supervision. Fire pump test 
outlet valves shall be supervised in the closed position. 

(5) 913.5 Testing and maintenance. Fire pumps shall be 
inspected, tested and maintained in accordance with the 
requirements of iMs paragraph and NFPA 25 as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code, 

(a) 913.5.1 Acceptance test. Acceptance testing shall be 
done in accordance with the requirements of NFPA 20 as 
listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

(b) 913.5.2 Generator sets. Engine generator sets supply- 
ing emergency or standby power to fire pump assemblies 
shall be periodically tested in accordance with NFPAllOfl. 
listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code, 

(c) 913.5.3 TVansfer switches. Automatic transfer switches 
shall be periodically tested in accordance with NFPA 110 a^ 
listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code, 

(d) 913.5.4 Pump room environmental conditions. Tests 
of pump room environmental conditions, including heating, 
ventilation and illumination shall be made to ensure proper 
manual or automatic operation of the associated equipment. 



(N) SECTION 914 

FIRE PROTECTION BASED ON SPECIAL DETAILED 

REQUIREMENTS OF USE AND OCCUPANCY 

(1) 914.1 General. This paragraph shall specify where fire pro- 
tection systems are required based on the detailed requirements 
of use and occupancy of the building code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

(2) 914.2 Covered mall buildings. Covered mall buildings 
shall comply with paragraphs (N)(2)(a)(914,2.1) to 
(N)(2)(d)(914.2.4) of this rule. 

(a) 914.2.1 Automatic sprinkler system. The covered mall 
building and buildings connected shall be equipped 
throughout with an automatic sprinkler system in accor- 
dance v/iih paragraph (C)(l)(a)(903.1.1) of this rule, which 
shall comply with the foUowing: 

(i) The automatic sprinkler system shall be complete 
and operative throughout occupied space in the cov- 
ered mall building prior to occupancy of any of the 
tenant spaces. Unoccupied tenant spaces shall be 
similarly protected unless provided with approved 
alternate protection. 

(ii) Sprinkler protection for the mall shall be independ- 
ent from that provided for tenant spaces or anchors. 
Where tenant spaces are supplied by the same sys- 
tem, they shall be independently controlled. 

Exception: An automatic sprinkler system shall 
not be required in spaces or areas of open parking 
garages constructed in accordance with Section 



406.2 of the building code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

(b) 914.2.2 Standpipe system. The covered mall building 
shall be equipped throughout with a standpipe system in 
accordance with paragraph (E)(905) of this rule, 

(c) 914.2.3 Emergency voice/alarm communication sys- 
tem. Covered mall buildings exceeding 50,000 square feet 
(4645 m^) in total floor area shall be provided with an emer- 
gency voice/alarm communication system. Emergency 
voice/alarm communication systems serving a mall, 
required or otherwise, shall be accessible to the fire depart- 
ment. The system shall be provided in accordance with 
paragraph (G)(2)(l)(ii)(907. 2.12.2) of this rule. 

(d) 914.2.4 Fire department access to equipment. Rooms 
or areas containing controls for air-conditioning systems, 
automatic fire-extinguishing systems or other detection, 
suppression or control elements shall be identified for use 
by the fire department. 

(3) 914.3 High-rise buildings. High-rise buildings shall comply 
wi^ paragraphs (N)(3}(a)(914.3.1) to (N)(3)(e)(914,3.5) of this 
rule. 

(a) 914.3.1 Automatic sprinkler system. Buildings and 
structures shall be equipped throughout with an automatic 
sprinkler system in accordance widi paragraph 
(C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.Ll) of this rule and a secondary water 
supply where required by paragraph (C)(3)(e)(ii)(903. 3.5.2) 
of this rule. 

Exception: An automatic sprinkler system shall not be 
required in spaces or areas of: 

1. Open parking garages in accordance with Section 

406.3 of the building code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

2. Telecommunication equipment buildings used 
exclusively for telecommunications equipment, 
associated electrical power distribution equip- 
ment, batteries and standby engines, provided that 
those spaces or areas are equipped throughout with 
an automatic fire detection system in accordance 
vj'iih paragraph (G)(2)(907.2) of this rule and are 
separated from the remainder of the building with 
fire barriers consisting of not less than 1-hour 
fire-resistance-rated walls and 2-hour fire-resis- 
tance-rated floor/ceiling assemblies. 

(b) 914.3.2 Automatic fire detection. Smoke detection 
shall be provided in accordance with paragraph 
(G)(2)(l)(i)(907.2.12.1) of this rule. 

(c) 914.3.3 Emergency voice/alarm communication sys- 
tem. A two-way fire department communication system 
shall be provided in accordance with paragraph 
(G)(2)(l)(ii)(907. 2.12.2) of this rule. 

(d) 914.3.4 Fire department communication system. A 

two-way fire department communication system shall be 
provided for fire department use in accordance with para- 
graph (G)(2)(l)(iii)(907.2.12.3) of this rule. 



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(e) 914.3.5 Fire command. A fire command center comply- 
ing with paragraph (I)(509) of rule 1301:7-7-05 of the 
Administrative Code shall be provided in a location 
approved by the fire department. 

(4) 914.4 Atriums. Atriums shall comply with paragraphs 
(N)(4)(a)(914AJ) and (N){4)(b)(914.4.2) of this rule. 

(a) 914.4.1 Automatic sprinkler system. An approved 
automatic sprinkler system shall be installed throughout the 
entire building. 

Exceptions: 

1. That area of a building adjacent to or above the 
atrium need not be sprinklered, provided that por- 
tion of the building is separated from the atrium 
portion by not less than a 2-hour fire barrier. 

2. Where the ceilings of the atrium are more than 55 
feet (16 764 mm) above the floor, sprinkler protec- 
tion at the ceihng of the atrium is not required. 

(b) 914.4.2 Fire alarm system. A fire alarm system shall be 
provided where required by paragraph (G)(2)(m)( 907.2.1 3) 
of this rule. 

(5) 914.5 Underground buildings. Underground buildings 
shall comply with paragraphs (N)(5){a)(914.5.1) to 
(N)(5)(f)(914.5.6) of this rule. 

(a) 914.5.1 Automatic sprinkler system. The highest level 
of exit discharge serving the underground portions of the 
building and all levels below shall be equipped with an auto- 
matic sprinkler system installed in accordance with para- 
graph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of this rule. Water-flow 
switches and control valves shall be supervised in accor- 
dance -with paragraph (C)(4)(903.4} of this rule. 

(b) 914.5.2 Smoke control system. A smoke control sys- 
tem is required to control the mitigation of products of com- 
bustion in accordance with paragraph (I)(909) of this rule 
and provisions of this paragraph. Smoke control shall 
restrict movement of smoke to the general area of fire origin 
and maintain means of egress in a usable condition. 

(c) 914.5.3 Compartment smoke control system. Where 
compartmentation is required by Section 405.4 of the build- 
ing code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative 
Code, each compartment shall have an independent 
smoke-control system. The system shall be automatically 
activated and capable of manual operation in accordance 
w\± paragraph (G)(2}(r)(907.2.18) of this rule. 

(d) 914.5.4 Fire alarm system. A fire alarm system shall be 
provided where required by paragraph (G)(2)(s)(907.2.19) 
of this rule. 

(e) 914.5.5 Public address. A public address system shall 
be provided where required by paragraph 
(G)(2)(s)(i)(907.2.19.1) of this rule. 

(f) 914.5.6 Standpipe system. The underground building 
shall be provided throughout with a standpipe system in 
accordance with paragraph (E)(905) of this rule. 

(6) 914.6 Stages. Stages shall comply with paragraphs 
(N)(6)(a)(914.6.1) and (N)(6)(b)(914.6.2) of this rule. 



(a) 914.6.1 Automatic sprinkler system. Stages shall be 
equipped with an automatic fire-extinguishing system in 
accordance with this rule. Sprinklers shall be installed under 
the roof and gridiron and under all catwalks and galleries 
over the stage. Sprinklers shall be installed in dressing 
rooms, performer lounges, shops and storerooms accessory 
to such stages. 

Exceptions: 

1. Sprinklers are not required under stage areas less 
than 4 feet (1219 mm) in clear height utilized 
exclusively for storage of tables and chairs, pro- 
vided the concealed space is separated from the 
adjacent spaces by not less than %-inch (15.9 mm) 
Type X gypsum board. 

2. Sprinklers are not required for stages 1,000 square 
feet (93 m^) or less in area and 50 feet (15 240 mm) 
or less in height where curtains, scenery or other 
combustible hangings are not retractable vertically. 
Combustible hangings shall be limited to a single 
main curtain, borders, legs and a single backdrop. 

3. Sprinklers are not required within portable orches- 
tra enclosures on stages. 

(b) 914.6.2 Standpipe system. Standpipe systems shall be 
provided in accordance with paragraph (E)(905) of this 
rule. 

(7) 914.7 Special amusement buildings. Special amusement 
buildings shall comply wilh paragraphs (N)(7)(a)(914.7.1) 
and(N)(7)(b)(914.7,2) of this rule. 

(a) 914.7.1 Automatic sprinkler system. Special amuse- 
ment buildings shaU be equipped throughout with an auto- 
matic sprinkler system in accordance with paragraph 
(C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of this rule. Where the special 
amusement building is temporary, the sprinkler water sup- 
ply shall be of an approved temporary means. 

Exception: Automatic sprinklers are not required where 
the total floor area of a temporary special amusement 
building is less than 1,000 square feet (93 m^) and the 
travel distance from any point to an exit is less than 50 
feet (15 240 mm). 

(b) 914.7.2 Automatic fire detection. Special amusement 
buildings shall be equipped with an automatic fire detection 
system in accordance with paragraph (G)(2)(k)(907.2.11) 
of this rule. 

(8) 914,8 Aircraft-related occupancies. Aircraft-related 
occupancies shall comply with paragraphs (N)(8)(a)(914.8.1) 
to (N)(8)(e)(914.8.5) of this rule. 

(a) 914.8.1 Automatic fire detection systems. Airport traf- 
fic control towers shall be provided with an automatic fire 
detection system installed in accordance with paragraph 
(G)(2)(907.2) of this rule. 

(b) 914.8.2 Fire suppression. Aircraft hangars shall be pro- 
vided with fire suppression as required by NFPA 409 as 
listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

Exception: Group II hangars, as defined in NFPA 409 as 
listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code, 



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Storing private aircraft without major maintenance or 
overhaul are exempt from foam suppression require- 
ments. 

(c) 914.8.3 Finishing. The process of "doping," involving 
the use of a volatile flammable solvent, or of painting shall 
be carried on in a separate detached building equipped with 
automatic fire-extinguishing equipment in accordance with 
paragraph (C)(903) of this rule. 

(d) 914.8.4 Residential aircraft hangar smoke alarms. 

Smoke alarms shall be provided within residential aircraft 
hangars in accordance with paragraph (G}(2)(u)(907.2.21} 
of this rule. 

(e) 914.8.5 Aircraft paint hangar fire suppression. Air- 
craft paint hangars shall be provided with fire suppression 
as required by NFPA 409 as listed in rule 1301 : 7- 7-45 of the 
Administrative Code. 

(9) 914.9 Application of flammable finishes. An automatic 
fire-extinguishing system shall be provided in all spray, dip and 
unmersing spaces and storage rooms, and shall be installed in 
accordance with this rule. 

(10) 914.10 Drying rooms. Drying rooms designed for 
high-hazard materials and processes, including occupancies as 
provided for in Chapter 4 of the building code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code, shall be protected by 
an approved automatic fire-extinguishing system complying 
with the provisions of this rule. 



(O) SECTION 915 

FIRE PROTECTION AND FIRE FIGHTING 

EQUIPMENT CERTIFICATION 

(1) 915. 1 No person shall sell, offer for sale, or use any fire pro- 
tection or fire fighting equipment which does not meet the mini- 
mum standards for such equipment as specified in this code. 

(2) 915.2 Except for public and private mobile fire trucks, no 
person shall engage in the business of servicing, testing, 
repairing, or installing fire protection or fire fighting equip- 
ment for profit without first being certified by the fire marshal, 
as required by Section 3737.65 of the Revised Code and this 
code. 

(3) 915.3 Terms defined for this paragraph. The following 
words take on exclusive meanings as used in this paragraph of 
this rule only. 

"Company" means any individual, sole proprietorship, 
partnership, association, or corporation certified pursuant 
to this rule. 

"Provisional individual means any person enrolled in a 
bona fide apprenticeship training program registered with 
the apprenticeship council pursuant to Section 4139.08 of 
the Revised Code or with the bureau of apprenticeship arui 
training of the United State department of labor. 

(4) 915.4 Individual and provisional individual certification. 

Upon satisfactory application and examination pursuant to 
paragraph (M)(6)(915.6) of this rule, the fire marshal may cer- 
tify any individual or provisional individual to service, test. 



repair or install fire protection or fire fighting equipment in the 
following categories: 

(a) Automatic sprinkler and standpipe systems; 

(b) Fire service mains and water tanks; 

(c) Fire pumps; 

(d) Fire alarm and detection equipment; 

(e) Household fire warning equipment only; 

(f) Portable fire extinguishers; 

(g) Engineered extinguishing equipment other than water; 

(h) Pre-engineered extinguishing equipment other than 
water; or 

(i) Such other categories as deemed necessary by the fire 
marshal. 

(5) 915.5 "Satisfactory application " includes, but is not lim- 
ited to: 

(a) The provision to the fire marshal of all information 
requested by the fire marshal or required by this rule; 

(b) The provision to the fire marshal of documentation 
describing the applicant's recent work history relating 
to fire protection installer work or similar construction 
trade experience; and 

(c) A determination by the fire marshal that, within the two 
years prior to the date of examination, or in the case of 
a renewal of certification, within two years prior to the 
date of application, the applicant has not engaged in 
unauthorized fire protection installer work or fire pro- 
tection installer work performed in violation of the 
applicable codes. 

(6) 915.6 Those seeking certification to work on a particular 
engineered or pre-engineered system must show at least one of 
the following: 

(a) Proof fi-om the manufacturer of training or approval to 
work on the manufacturer's engineered or pre-engi- 
neered system; or 

(b) Recent experience or education sufficient to show com- 
petence to work on a particular engineered or 
pre-engineered system. 

(7) 915.7 Except for provisional individuals, the fire marshal 
shall require all applicants to obtain a passing grade of at least 
seventy per cent on a fire protection installer examination 
administered by the fire marshal prior to certification. 

(8) 915.8 An individual may only work in those categories for 
which he has been certified pursuant to paragraph 
(M)(4)(915.4) of this rule. 

(9) 915.9 An individual must be a company certified pursuant 
to paragraph (M)(4)(915.4) of this rule or must be associated 
with a certified company when such individual engages in the 
business of servicing, testing, repairing or installing fire pro- 
tection or fire fighting equipment for profit. 

(10) 915.10 Individuals may only work on those particular 
engineered or pre-engineered systems for which the individual 
has recent experience or education to show competence and 
has provided documentation thereof to the fire marshal. 



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(//) 915.11 Every certified individual shall carry the certifi- 
cate issued pursuant to paragraph (M)(915) of this rule on 
their person while engaging in the business of servicing, test- 
ing, repairing or installing fire protection or fire fighting equip- 
ment for profit and produce the certificate for inspection upon 
request by the fire code official. 

(12) 915.12 A provisional individual must be supervised by a 
certified individual at all times such provisional individual is 
engaging in work requiring certification. The certified individ- 
ual directly supervising the individual issued the provisional 
certificate shall only supervise one provisional certificate 
holder while engaging in work requiring certification. The cer- 
tified individual directly supervising the provisional certificate 
holder shall possess a valid and current certificate for the cer- 
tification category of the work being performed. 

(13) 915.13 Applications for certification and renewals shall 
be made on forms provided by the fire marshal. All applications 
and renewals shall be accompanied by the appropriate fee, to 
be made payable to "Treasurer, State of Ohio". 

(14) 915.14 Original application for certification and renewal 
of an individual or provisional individual shall, at a minimum, 
include the following: 

(a) Name of applicant; 

(b) Categories for which applicant is seeking certification; 

(c) If a non-resident, an irrevocable consent to legal ser- 
vice in Ohio (needed for original application only); 

(d) If for a provisional individual, a copy of the indenture 
agreement; 

(e) Documentation describing the applicant 's recent work 
history relating to fire protection installer work or sim- 
ilar construction trade experience; and 

(f) All information requested by the fire marshal. 

(15) 915.15 Fees for an individual or provisional certification 
shall be as follows: 

(a) Original application of an individual or provisional 
individual shall be fifty dollars for each category for 
which certification is sought; 

(b) Renewal of an individual or provisional individual 
shall be forty dollars; all renewal applications not sub- 
mitted prior to the date of expiration, shall be subject to 
a late fee of ten per cent of the assessed renewal fee. 

(c) Changes in certification status or information shall be 
twenty-five dollars per fiscal year. 

(16) 915.16 Applications for renewal must be received by the 
fire marshal prior to the expiration date. Individual certifica- 
tion licenses and company certification of an individual oper- 
ating alone expire in accordance with the following schedule: 

(a) Last name beginning with "a-g " on January second of 
each year; 



(b) Last name beginning with "h-m " on April first of each 
year; 

(c) Last name beginning with "n-s" on July first of each 
year; and 

(d) Last name beginning with "t-z" on October first of 
each year. 

(17) 915.17 Upon expiration of certification for a period 
exceeding sixty days, all applications for renewal will be con- 
sidered as a new application and the applicant shall be 
required to pass a fire protection installer examination admin- 
istered by the fire marshal prior to certification. 

(18) 915.18 Upon satisfactory application, the fire marshal 
may certify any company to engage in the business of servicing, 
testing, repairing, and installing fire protection and fire fight- 
ing equipment. A company certification authorizes a company 
to engage in fire protection installer work requiring certifica- 
tion through it's employees only for those fire protection 
installer categories for which its employees are certified pursu- 
ant to this rule. 

(19) 915.19 Original application for certification and renewal 
of a company shall, at a minimum, include the following: 

(a) Name of applicant; 

(b) The primary business address of the company; 

(c) Names of all persons responsible for the normal opera- 
tions of the company (e.g., officers of the corporation, 
partners, etc.); 

(d) Proof of liability insurance or bonding in an amount of 
at least fifty thousand dollars for completion and/or 
performance purposes; 

(e) If a non-resident, an irrevocable consent to legal service 
in Ohio (needed for original application only); and 

(f) All information requested by the fire marshal. 

(20) 915.20 Fees for a company certification shall be as follows: 

(a) Original application of a company shall be two hun- 
dred dollars, except that an individual operating as a 
company shall not be required to pay such fee; 

(b) Renewal of a company shall be one hundred fifty dol- 
lars, except that an individual operating as a company 
shall not be required to pay such fee. 

(c) Changes in certification status or information shall be 
twenty-five dollars per fiscal year. 

(21) 915.21 All company certification licenses expire June thir- 
tieth of each year. Renewal shall be pursuant to standard 
renewal procedure. 

(22) 915.22 Any certified individual or certified company that 
changes the primary mailing address as previously filed with the 
fire marshal or that experiences expiration of required insurance 
coverage, shall submit written notification of such change of 
address or insurance expiration to the fire marshal within thirty 
days of the change of address or insurance expiration. 



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(23) 915.23 An application for any certificate issued pursuant 
to paragraph (M)(915) of this rule may be denied, or a certifi- 
cate issued pursuant to paragraph (M)(915) of this rule may be 
suspended or revoked, for cause by the fire marshal. Denial, 
suspension or revocation for cause includes, but is not limited 
to, any of the following reasons: 

(a) For knowingly violating any provision of the "Ohio 
Building Code, " the "Ohio Fire Code, " or the Revised 
Code; 

(b) For engaging in or permitting a person to engage in 
activity requiring certification, but for which activity 
the person is not certified; 

(c) For gross negligence or gross incompetence; 

(d) For knowingly making any misrepresentation or false 
promise, or for dishonest or illegal dealing; or 

(e) For a continued course of misrepresentation or the 
making of false promises individually, through employ- 
ees or agents, through advertising, or otherwise; 

(f) For failure to notify the fire marshal of change of pri- 
mary mailing address; 

(g) In the case of a company, for failure to maintain the lia- 
bility insurance or bonding in an amount of at least fifty 
thousand dollars for completion and/or performance 
purposes; 

(h) In the case of a provisional individual, for failure to 
complete the apprenticeship program or failure to 
maintain enrollment in the apprenticeship training 
program; 

(i) In the case of a company, for failure to notify the fire 
marshal upon expiration of the required insurance cov- 
erage or of any changes to the information required by 
I paragraph (M)(22)(915.22) of this rule or for failure to 

provide satisfactory evidence documenting such 
changes to the required information. 

(24) 915.24 The fire marshal shall comply with the provisions 
of Chapter 119. of the Revised Code whenever denying, sus- 
pending or revoking a certificate pursuant to paragraph 

I (M)(23)(915.23) of this rule. 

(25) 915.25 No person who has been denied certification, or is 
under suspension or revocation of certificate pursuant to para- 
graph (M)(23)(915.23) of this rule, may be associated with any 
company certified pursuant to paragraph (M)(915) of this rule. 



(26) 915.26 If a certification is denied, or if a certification 
issued pursuant to paragraph (M)(915) of this rule is sus- 
pended or revoked, the company or individual shall immedi- 
ately cease engaging in the business of servicing, testing, 
repairing or installing fire protection or fire fighting equipment 
for profit. If a certification is denied, suspended or revoked, 
that company or a company that had it's certification denied, 
suspended or revoked, or an individual who had their certifica- 
tion denied, suspended or revoked, may not reapply for certifi- 
cation pursuant to paragraph (M)(915) of this rule until the 
suspension is lifted or until two years expire from the date of 
denial or revocation of certification. 

Effective Date: July 1, 2007 

Prior Effective Dates: 7/1/79; 6/1/85; 6/15/92; 7/1/93; 9/1/95; 
3/30/98; 1/3/00; 9/1/05 



II 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



131 



1 32 2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



OHIO ADMINISTRATIVE CODE 1301:7-7-10 

MEANS OF EGRESS 



(A) SECTION 1001 
GENERAL 

(1) 1001.1 General. Buildings or portions thereof shall be pro- 
vided with a means of egress system as required by this rule 
and in compliance with ADAAG as set forth in the building 
code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 
The provisions of this rule shall control the design, construc- 
tion and arrangement of means of egress components required 
to provide an approved means of egress from structures and 
portions thereof. Paragraphs (C)(1003) to (Z)(1026) of this 
rule shall apply to new construction. The new construction 
requirements of this rule for the means of egress in structures 
regulated by the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of 
the Administrative Code submitted for plan review in accor- 
dance with this paragraph are subject to and do not supersede 
or otherwise conflict with the requirements of paragraph 
(D)(2)(a)( 104.2.1) of this rule. Paragraphs (AA)(1027) and 
(BB)(1028) of this rule shall apply to existing buildings. Except 
for maintenance requirements contained in paragraphs 
(AA)(1027) and (BB)(1028) of this rule, the provisions of this 
rule for a means of egress system in existing buildings shall 
apply only in accordance with paragraph (B)(l)(d)( 102.1) of 
rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code. 

Exception: Detached one- and two-family dwellings and 
multiple single-family dwellings (townhouses) not more 
than three stories above grade plane in height with a separate 
means of egress and their accessory structures shall comply 
with the International Residential Code. 

(2) 1001.2 Minimum requirements. It shall be unlawful to 
alter a building or structure in a manner that will reduce the 
number of exits or the capacity of the means of egress to less 
than required by this code. 



(B) [BISECTION 1002 
DEFINITIONS 

(1) 1002.1 Definitions. The following words and terms shall, 
for the purposes of this rule and as used elsewhere in this code, 
have the meanings shown herein. 

"Accessible means of egress." A continuous and unobstructed 
way of egress travel from any accessible point in a building or 
facihty to a public way. 

"Aisle." An exit access component that defines and provides a 
path of egress travel. 

"Aisle accessway." That portion of an exit access that leads to 
an aisle. 

"Alternating tread device." A device that has a series of steps 
between 50 and 70 degrees (0.87 and 1 .22 rad) from horizontal, 
usually attached to a center support rail in an alternating man- 
ner so that the user does not have both feet on the same level at 
the same time. 



"Area of refuge." An area where persons unable to use stair- 
ways can remain temporarily to await instructions or assistance 
during emergency evacuation. Also means "Area of Rescue 
Assistance " as that term is used in the building code as listed in 
rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

"Bleachers." Tiered seating facilities. 

"Common path of egress travel." That portion of exit access 
which the occupants are required to traverse before two sepa- 
rate and distinct paths of egress travel to two exits are available. 
Paths that merge are common paths of travel. Common paths of 
egress travel shall be included within the permitted travel dis- 
tance. 

"Corridor." An enclosed exit access component that defines 
and provides a path of egress travel to an exit. 

"Door, balanced." A door equipped with double-pivoted 
hardware so designed as to cause a semi counter balanced 
swing action when opening. 

"Egress court." A court or yard which provides access to a 
public way for one or more exits. 

"Emergency escape and rescue opening." An operable win- 
dow, door or other similar device that provides for a means of 
escape and access for rescue in the event of an emergency. 

"Exit." That portion of a means of egress system which is sepa- 
rated from other interior spaces of a building or structure by 
fire-resistance-rated construction and opening protectives as 
required to provide a protected path of egress travel between 
the exit access and the exit discharge. Exits include exterior exit 
doors at ground level, exit enclosures, exit passageways, exte- 
rior exit stairs, exterior exit ramps and horizontal exits. 

"Exit access." That portion of a means of egress system that 
leads from any occupied portion in a building or structure to an 
exit. 

"Exit discharge." That portion of a means of egress system 
between the termination of an exit and a public way. 

"Exit discharge, level of." The horizontal plane located at the 
point at which an exit terminates and an exit discharge begins. 

"Exit enclosure." An exit component diat is separated from 
other interior spaces of a building or structure by fire-resis- 
tance-rated construction and opening protectives, and provides 
for a protected path of egress travel in a vertical or horizontal 
direction to the exit discharge or the pubUc way. 

"Exit, horizontal." A path of egress travel from one building 
to an area in another building on approximately the same level, 
or a path of egress travel through or around a wall or partition to 
an area on approximately the same level in the same building, 
which affords safety from fire and smoke from the area of inci- 
dence and areas communicating therewith. 

"Exit passageway." An exit component that is separated from 
all other interior spaces of a building or structure by fire-resis- 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



133 



MEANS OF EGRESS 



tance-rated construction and opening protectives, and provides 
for a protected path of egress travel in a horizontal direction to 
the exit discharge or the pubUc way. 

"Fire exit hardware." Panic hardware that is listed for use on 
fire door assemblies. 

"Floor area, gross." The floor area within the inside perimeter 
of the exterior walls of the building under consideration, exclu- 
sive of vent shafts and courts, without deduction for corridors, 
stairways, closets, the thickness of interior walls, colunms or 
other features. The floor area of a building, or portion thereof, 
not provided with surrounding exterior walls shall be the 
usable area under the horizontal projection of the roof or floor 
above. The gross floor area shall not include shafts with no 
openings or interior courts. 

"Floor area, net." The actual occupied area not including 
unoccupied accessory areas such as corridors, stairways, toilet 
rooms, mechanical rooms and closets. 

"Folding and telescopic seating." Tiered seating facilities 
having an overall shape and size that are capable of being 
reduced for purposes of moving or storing. 

"Grandstand." Tiered seating facilities. 

"Guard." A building component or a system of building com- 
ponents located at or near the open sides of elevated walking 
surfaces that minimizes the possibility of a fall from the walk- 
ing surface to a lower level. 

"Handrail." A horizontal or sloping rail intended for grasping 
by the hand for guidance or support. 

"Means of egress." A continuous and unobstructed path of 
vertical and horizontal egress travel from any occupied portion 
of a building or structure to a public way. A means of egress 
consists of three separate and distinct parts: the exit access, the 
exit and the exit discharge. 

"Merchandise pad." A merchandise pad is an area for display 
of merchandise surrounded by aisles, permanent fixtures or 
walls. Merchandise pads contain elements such as nonfixed 
and moveable fixtures, cases, racks, counters and partitions as 
indicated in Section 105.2 of the building code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code from^whichcusiomeTS 
browse or shop. 

"Nosing." The leading edge of treads of stairs and of landings 
at the top of stairway flights. 

"Occupant load." The number of persons for which the means 
of egress of a building or portion thereof is designed. 

"Panic hardware." A door-latching assembly incorporating a 
device that releases the latch upon the application of a force in 
the direction of egress travel. 

"Public way." A street, alley or other parcel of land open to the 
outside air leading to a street, that has been deeded, dedicated 
or otherwise permanently appropriated to the pubbc for public 
use and which has a clear width and height of not less than 10 
feet (3048 nrni). 

"Ramp." A walking surface that has a running slope steeper 
than one unit vertical in 20 units horizontal (5-per cent slope). 



"Scissor stair." Two interlocking stairways providing two sep- 
arate paths of egress located within one stairwell enclosure. 

"Smoke-protected assembly seating." Seating served by 
means of egress that is not subject to smoke accumulation 
within or under a structure. 

"Stair." A change in elevation, consisting of one or more risers. 

"Stairway." One or more flights of stairs, either exterior or 
interior, with the necessary landings and platforms connecting 
them, to form a continuous and uninterrupted passage firom one 
level to another. 

"Stairway, exterior." A stairway that is open on at least one 
side, except for required structural columns, beams, handrails, 
and guards. The adjoining open areas shall be either yards, 
courts or public ways. The other sides of the exterior stairway 
need not be open. 

"Stairway, interior." A stairway not meeting the definition of 
an exterior stairway. 

"Stairway, spiral." A stairway having a closed circular form 
in its plan view with uniform section-shaped treads attached to 
and radiating about a minimum-diameter supporting colunm. 

*'Winder." A tread with nonparallel edges. 



(C) [BISECTION 1003 
GENERAL MEANS OF EGRESS 

(1) 1003.1 Applicability. The general requirements specified 
in paragraphs (C)(1003) to (M)(1013) of this ride shall apply 
to all three elements of the means of egress system, in addition 
to those specific requirements for the exit access, the exit and 
the exit discharge detailed elsewhere in this rule. 

(2) 1003.2 Ceiling height. The means of egress shall have a 
ceiling height of not less than 7 feet, 6 inches (2286 mm). 

Exceptions: 

1. Sloped ceilings in accordance with Section 1208.2 of 
the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the 
Administrative Code. 

2. Ceilings of dwelling units and sleeping units within 
residential occupancies in accordance with Section 
1208.2 of the building code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

3. Allowable projections in accordance with paragraph 
(C)(3)(1003.3) of this rule. 

4. Stair headroom in accordance with paragraph 
(1)(2)( 1009.2) of this rule. 

5. Door height in accordance with paragraph 
(H)(l)(a)(1008.1.1) of this rule. 

(3) 1003.3 Protruding objects. Protruding objects shall com- 
ply with the requirements of paragraphs (C)(3)(a)(1003.3.1) 
to (C)(3)(d)(1003.3.4) of this rule. 

(a) 1003.3.1 Headroom. Protruding objects are permitted 
to extend below the minimum ceiling height required by 
paragraph (C)(2)(1003.2) of this rule provided a minimum 
headroom of 80 inches (2032 mm) shall be provided for any 
walking surface, including walks, corridors, aisles and pas- 



134 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



MEANS OF EGRESS 



sageways. Not more than 50 per cent of the ceihng area of a 
means of egress shall be reduced m height by protruding 
objects. 

Exception: Door closers and stops shall not reduce 
headroom to less than 78 inches (1981 mm). 

A barrier shall be provided where the vertical clear- 
ance is less than 80 inches (2032 mm) high. The leading 
edge of such a barrier shall be located 27 inches (686 
mm) maximum above the floor. 

(b) 1003.3.2 Free-standing objects. A free-standing object 
mounted on a post or pylon shall not overhang that post or 
pylon more than 4 inches (102 mm) where the lowest point of 
the leading edge is more than 27 inches (686 mm) and less 
than 80 inches (2032 mm) above the walking surface. Where 
a sign or other obstruction is mounted between posts or 
pylons and the clear distance between the posts or pylons is 
greater than 12 inches (305 mm), the lowest edge of such sign 
or obstruction shall be 27 inches (685 mm) maximum or 80 
inches (2030 mm) minimum above the finish floor or ground. 

Exception: This requirement shall not apply to sloping 
portions of handrails serving stairs and ramps. 

(c) 1003.3.3 Horizontal projections. Structural elements, 
fixtures or furnishings shall not project horizontally from 
either side more than 4 inches (102 mm) over any walking 
surface between the heights of 27 inches (686 mm) and 80 
inches (2032 nmi) above the walking surface. 

Exception: Handrails serving stairs and ramps are per- 
mitted to protrude 4.5 inches (1 14 mm) from the wall. 

(d) 1003.3.4 Clear width. Protruding objects shall not 
reduce the minimum clear width of accessible routes as 
required in Section 1 104 of the building code as listed in 
rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

(4) 1003.4 Floor surface. Walking surfaces of the means of 
egress shall have a shp-resistant surface and be securely 
attached. 

(5) 1003.5 Elevation change. Where changes in elevation of 
less than 12 inches (305 mm) exist in the means of egress, 
sloped surfaces shall be used. Where the slope is greater than 
one unit vertical in 20 units horizontal (5-per cent slope), ramps 
complying With paragraph (J)(1010) of this rule shall be used. 
Where the difference in elevation is 6 inches (152 mm) or less, 
the ramp shall be equipped with either handrails or floor finish 
materials that contrast with adjacent floor finish materials. 

Exceptions: 

1 . A single step with a maximum riser height of 7 inches 
(178 mm) is permitted for buildings with occupancies 
in Groups F, H, R-2 and R-3 as apphcable in para- 
graph (A)(l)(1001.1) of this rule, and Groups S and U 
at exterior doors not required to be accessible by 
Chapter 11 of the building code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

2. A stair with a single riser or with two risers and a tread 
is permitted at locations not required to be accessible 
by Chapter 1 1 of the building code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code, provided 
that the risers and treads comply with paragraph 



(1)(3)( 1009.3} of this rule, the minimum depth of the 
tread is 13 inches (330 mm), and at least one handrail 
complying with paragraph (L)(1012) of this rule is I 
provided within 30 inches (762 mm) of the centerline 
of the normal path of egress travel on the stair. 

3. A step is permitted in aisles serving seating that has a I 
difference in elevation less than 12 inches (305 mm) 
is permitted at locations not required to be accessible 
by Chapter 1 1 of the building code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code, provided 
that the risers and treads comply with paragraph 
(Y)(ll)(1025.11) of this rule and the aisle is provided I 
with a handrail complying with paragraph 
(Y)(13}(1025.13) of this rule. I 

Any change in elevation in a corridor serving 
nonambulatory persons in a Group 1-2 occupancy shall be by 
means of a ramp or sloped walkway. 

(6) 1003.6 Means of egress continuity. The path of egress 
travel along a means of egress shall not be interrupted by any 
building element other than a means of egress component as 
specified in this rule. Obstructions shall not be placed in the 
required width of a means of egress except projections permit- 
ted by this rule. The required capacity of a means of egress sys- 
tem shall not be diminished along the path of egress travel. 

(7) 1003.7 Elevators, escalators and moving walks. Eleva- 
tors, escalators and moving walks shall not be used as a compo- 
nent of a required means of egress from any other part of the 
building. 

Exception: Elevators used as an accessible means of egress 
in accordance with paragraph (G)(4)( 1007.4) of this rule. 



(D) [BISECTION 1004 
OCCUPANT LOAD 

(1) 1004.1 Design occupant load. In determining means of 
egress requirements, the number of occupants for whom means 
of egress facilities shall be provided shall be determined in 
accordance with this paragraph. Where occupants from acces- 
sory areas egress through a primary space, the calculated occu- 
pant load for the primary space plus the number of occupants 
egressing through it from the accessory area. 

(a) 1004.1.1 Areas without fixed seating. The number of 
occupants shall be computed at the rate of one occupant per 
unit of area as prescribed in Table 1004. 1 . 1 of this rule. For 
areas without fixed seating, the occupant load shall not be 
less than that number determined by dividing the floor area 
under consideration by the occupant per unit of area factor 
assigned to the occupancy as set forth in Table 1004.1,1 of 
this rule. Where an intended use is not listed in Table 
1004.1.1 of this rule, the building official shall establish a 
use based on a listed use that most nearly resembles the 
intended use. 

Exception: Where approved by the building official, the 
actual number of occupants for whom each occupied 
space, floor or building is designed, although less than 
those determined by calculation, shall be permitted to be 
used in the determination of the design occupant load. 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



135 



MEANS OF EGRESS 



TABLE 1004.1.1 
MAXIMUM FLOOR AREA ALLOWANCES PER OCCUPANT 



FUNCTION OF SPACE 


FLOOR AREA IN SO FT 
PER OCCUPANT 


Agricultural building 


300 gross 


Aircraft hangars 


500 gross 


Airport terminal 
Baggage claim 
Baggage handling 
Concourse 
Waiting areas 


20 gross 
300 gross 
100 gross 

15 gross 


Assembly 
Gaming floors (keno, slots, etc.) 


11 gross 


Assembly with fixed seatings 


See paragraph 
(D)(7)( 1004.7) of this rule 


Assembly without fixed seats 
Concentrated (chairs only-not fixed) 
Standing space 
Unconcentrated (tables and chairs) 


7 net 
5 net 
15 net 


Bowling centers, allow 5 persons for each 
lane includingl5 feet of runway, and for 
additional areas 


7 net 


Business areas 


100 gross 


Courtrooms-other than fixed seating areas 


40 net 


Day care 


35 net 


Dormitories 


50 gross 


Educational 
Classroom area 
Shops and other vocational room areas 


20 net 
50 net 


Exercise rooms 


50 gross 


H-5 fabrication and manufacturing areas 


200 gross 


Industrial areas 


100 gross 


Institutional areas 

Inpatient treatment areas 
Outpatient areas 
Sleeping areas 


240 gross 
100 gross 
120 gross 


Kitchens, commercial 


200 gross 


Library 

Reading rooms 
Stack area 


50 net 
100 gross 


Locker rooms 


50 gross 


Mercantile 

Areas on other floors 
Basement and grade floor areas 
Storage, stock, shipping areas 


60 gross 
30 gross 
300 gross 


Parking garages 


200 gross 


Residential 


200 gross 


Skating rinks, swimming pools 
Rink and pool 
Decks 


50 gross 
15 gross 


Stages and platforms 


15 net 


Accessory storage areas, mechanical 
equipment room 


300 gross 


Warehouses 


500 gross 



For SI: 1 square foot = 0.0929 m^. 



(2) 1004.2 Increased occupant load. The occupant load per- 
mitted in any building or portion thereof is permitted to be 
increased from that number estabUshed for the occupancies in 
Table 1004.1.1 of this rule provided that all other requirements 
of the code are also met based on such modified number and the 
occupant load does not exceed one occupant per 7 square feet 
(0.65 m^) of occupiable floor space. Where required by the fire 
code of^cidl pursuant to paragraph (A)(l)( 1001.1) of this rule, 
an approved aisle, seating or fixed equipment diagram 
substantiating any increase in occupant load shall be submitted. 
AATiere required by the fire code official, such diagram shall be 
posted. At locations or in structures not regulated by the building 
code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code, the 
increased occupant load shall be approved by the fire code offi- 
cial 

(3) 1004.3 Posting of occupant load. Every room or space that 
is an assembly occupancy shall have the occupant load of the 
room or space posted in a conspicuous place, near the main exit 
or exit access doorway from the room or space. Posted signs 
shall be of an approved legible permanent design and shall be 
maintained by tiie owner or authorized agent. 

(4) 1004.4 Exiting from multiple levels. Where exits serve 
more than one floor, only the occupant load of each floor con- 
sidered individually shall be used in computing the required 
capacity of the exits at the floor, provided that the exit capacity 
shall not decrease in the direction of egress travel. 

(5) 1004.5 Egress convergence. Where means of egress from 
floors above and below converge at an intermediate level, the 
capacity of the means of egress from the point of convergence 
shall not be less than the sum of the two floors. 

(6) 1004.6 Mezzanine levels. The occupant load of a mezzanine 
level with egress onto a room or area below shall be added to that 
room or area's occupant load, and the capacity of the exits shall 
be designed for the total occupant load dius established. 

(7) 1004.7 Fixed seating. For areas having fixed seats and 
aisles, the occupant load shall be determined by the number of 
fixed seats installed therein. The occupant load for areas in 
which fixed seating is not installed, such as waiting spaces and 
wheelchair spaces, shall be determined in accordance with 
paragraph (D)(l)(a)( 1004. 1.1) of this rule and added to the 
number of fixed seats. 

For areas having fixed seating without dividing arms, the 
occupant load shall not be less than the number of seats based 
on one person for each 1 8 inches (457 mm) of seating length. 

The occupant load of seating booths shall be based on one 
person for each 24 inches (610 mm) of booth seat length mea- 
sured at the backrest of the seating booth, 

(8) 1004.8 Outdoor areas. Yards, patios, courts and similar 
outdoor areas accessible to and usable by the building occu- 
pants shall be provided with means of egress as required by this 
rule. The occupant load of such outdoor areas shall be assigned 
by the fire code official pursuant to paragraph (A)(l)( 1001.1) 
of this rule in accordance with the anticipated use. Where out- 
door areas are to be used by persons in addition to the occu- 
pants of the building, and the path of egress travel from the 
outdoor areas passes through the building, means of egress 
requirements for the building shall be based on the sum of the 



136 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



MEANS OF EGRESS 



occupant loads of the building plus the outdoor areas. At loca- 
tions or in structures not regulated by the building code as 
listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code, the 
occupant load shall be approved by the fire code official. 

Exceptions: 

1. Outdoor areas used exclusively for service of the 
building need only have one means of egress. 

2. Both outdoor areas associated with Group R-3 and 
individual dwelling units of Group R-2. 

(9) 1004.9 Multiple occupancies. Where a building contains 
two or more occupancies, the means of egress requirements 
shall apply to each portion of the building based on the occu- 
pancy of that space. Where two or more occupancies utilize 
portions of the same means of egress system, those egress com- 
ponents shall meet the more stringent requirements of all occu- 
pancies that are served. 



(E) [B] SECTION 1005 
EGRESS WIDTH 

(1) 1005.1 Minimum required egress width. The means of 
egress width shall not be less than required by this paragraph. 
The total width of means of egress in inches (mm) shall not be 
less than the total occupant load served by means of egress mul- 
tiplied by the factors in Table 1005.1 of this rule and not less 
than specified elsewhere in this code. Multiple means of egress 
shall be sized such that the loss of any one means of egress shall 
not reduce the available capacity to less than 50 per cent of the 
required capacity. The maximum capacity required from any 
story of a building shall be maintained to the termination of the 
means of egress. 

Exception: Means of egress complying with paragraph 
(Y)(1025) of this rule. 

(2) 1005.2 Door encroachment. Doors opening into the path 
of egress travel shall not reduce the required width to less than 
one-half during the course of the swing. When fully open, the 
door shall not project more than 7 inches (178 nmi) into the 
required width. 

Exception: The restrictions on a door swing shall not apply 
to doors within individual dwelling units and sleeping units 
of Groups R-2 and dwelling units of Group R-3. 



(F)[B] SECTION 1006 
MEANS OF EGRESS ILLUMINATION 

(1) 1006.1 Illumination required. The means of egress, 
including the exit discharge, shall be illuminated at all times the 
building space served by the means of egress is occupied. 

Exceptions: 

1. Occupancies in Group U. 

2. Aisle accessways in Group A. 

3. Dwelling units and sleeping units in Group R-1, R-2 
and R-3. 

4. Sleeping units of Group I occupancies. 

(2) 1006.2 Illumination level. The means of egress illumina- 
tion level shall not be less than 1 foot-candle (11 lux) at the 
walking surface level. 

Exception: For auditoriums, theaters, concert or opera halls 
and similar assembly occupancies, the illumination at the 
walking surface level is permitted to be reduced during per- 
formances to not less than 0.2 foot-candle (2.15 lux) pro- 
vided that the required illumination is automatically 
restored upon activation of a premise's fire alarm system 
where such system is provided. 

(3) 1006.3 niumination emergency power. The power supply 
for means of egress illumination shall normally be provided by 
the premise's electrical supply. 

In the event of power supply failure, an emergency electrical 
system shall automatically illuminate the following areas: 

(a) Aisles and unenclosed egress stairways in rooms and 
spaces that require two or more means of egress. 

(b) Corridors, exit enclosures and exit passageways in 
buildings required to have two or more exits. 

(c) Exterior egress components at other than the level of 
exit discharge until exit discharge is accomplished for 
buildings required to have two or more exits. 

(d) Interior exit discharge elements, as permitted in para- 
graph (X)(l)( 1024.1) of this rule, in buildings required 
to have two or more exits. 

(e) Exterior landings, as required by paragraph 
(H)(l)(e)( 1008.1. 5) of this rule, for exit discharge 



TABLE 1005.1 
EGRESS WIDTH PER OCCUPANT SERVED 



OCCUPANCY 


WITHOUT SPRINKLER SYSTEM 


WITH SPRINKLER SYSTEIU!^ 


Stairways 
(inches per occupant) 


Other egress components 
(inches per occupant) 


Stairways 
(inches per occupant) 


Other egress components 
(inches per occupant) 


Occupancies other than those 
listed below 


0.3 


0.2 


0.2 


0.15 


Hazardous: H- 1 , H-2, H-3 and H-4 


0.7 


0.4 


0.3 


0.2 


Institutional: 1-2 


Not applicable 


Not applicable 


0.3 


0.2 



For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm. 

a. Buildings equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.I) or (C)(3)(a)(ii)(903.3.1.2) of rule 
1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



137 



MEANS OF EGRESS 



doorways in buildings required to have two or more 
exits. 

The emergency power system shall provide power for a 
duration of not less than 90 minutes and shall consist of storage 
batteries, unit equipment or an on-site generator. The installa- 
tion of the emergency power system shall be in accordance 
with Section 2702 of the building code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

(4) 1006.4 Performance of system. Emergency lighting facili- 
ties shall be arranged to provide initial illumination that is at 
least an average of 1 foot-candle (11 lux) and a minimum at any 
point of 0.1 foot-candle (1 lux) measured along the path of 
egress at floor level. Illumination levels shall be permitted to 
decline to 0.6 foot-candle (6 lux) average and a minimum at 
any point of 0.06 foot-candle (0.6 lux) at the end of the emer- 
gency lighting time duration. A maximum-to-minimum illu- 
mination uniformity ratio of 40 to 1 shall not be exceeded. 



(G) [BISECTION 1007 
ACCESSIBLE MEANS OF EGRESS 

(1) 1007.1 Accessible means of egress required. Accessible 
means of egress shall comply with this paragraph. Accessible 
spaces shall be provided with not less than one accessible means 
of egress. Where more than one means of egress is required by 
paragraphs (O)(l)(1015.1) or (S)(l)( 1019.1) of this rule from 
any accessible space, each accessible portion of the space shall 
be served by not less than two accessible means of egress. 

Exceptions: 

1. Accessible means of egress are not required in alter- 
ations to existing buildings. 

2. One accessible means of egress is required from an 
accessible mezzanine level in accordance with para- 
graph (G)(3)(1007.3), (G)(4)(1007.4) or 
(G)(5)( 1007.5) of this rule. 

3. In assembly spaces with sloped floors, one accessible 
means of egress is required from a space where the 
common path of travel of the accessible route for 
access to the wheelchair spaces meets the require- 
ments in paragraph (X)(9)( 1024.9). 

(2) 1007.2 Continuity and components. Each required acces- 
sible means of egress shall be continuous to a public way and 
shall consist of one or more of the following components: 

1. Accessible routes complying with Section 1104 of the 
building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Admin- 
istrative Code. 

2. Stairways within vertical exit enclosures complying with 
paragraphs (G)(3)( 1007.3) and (T)(1020) of this rule. 

3. Exterior exit stairways complying with paragraphs 
(G)(3)(1007.3) and (W)(1023) of this rule. 

4. Elevators complying wiih paragraph (G)(4)( 1007.4) of 
this rule. 

5. Platform lifts complying withparagraph (G)(5)( 1007.5) 
of this rule. 



6. Horizontal exits complying with paragraph (U)(1021) 
of this rule. 

1. Ramps complying -with paragraph (J)(1010) of this rule. 

8. Areas of refuge complying with paragraph 
(G)(6)( 1007.6) of this rule. 

Exceptions: 

1. Where the exit discharge is not accessible, an 
exterior area for assisted rescue must be pro- 
vided in accordance with paragraph 
(G)(8)( 1007.8) of this rule. 

2. Where the exit stairway is open to the exterior, 
the accessible means of egress shall include 
either an area of refuge in accordance with 
paragraph (G)(6)( 1007.6) of this rule or an 
exterior area for assisted rescue in accordance 
with paragraph (G)(8)( 1007.8) of this rule. 

(a) 1007.2.1 Buildings with four or more stories. In build- 
ings where a required accessible floor is four or more stories 
above or below a level of exit discharge, at least one required 
accessible means of egress shall be an elevator complying 
y/ith paragraph (G)(4)( 1007.4) of this rule. 

Exceptions: 

1. In buildings equipped throughout with an auto- 
matic sprinkler system installed in accordance 
with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1 ) or 
(C)(3)(a)(ii)(903.3.1.2) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the 
Administrative Code, the elevator shall not be 
required on floors provided with a horizontal exit 
and located at or above the level of exit discharge. 

2. In buildings equipped throughout with an auto- 
matic sprinkler system installed in accordance 
with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) or 
(C)(3)(a)(ii)(903.3.1.2) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the 
Administrative Code, the elevator shall not be 
required on floors provided with a ramp conform- 
ing to the provisions of paragraph (J)(1010) of 
this rule. 

(3) 1007.3 Exit stairways. In order to be considered part of an 
accessible means of egress, an exit stairway shall have a clear 
width of 48 inches (1219 mm) minimum between handrails 
and shall either incorporate an area of refuge within an 
enlarged floor-level landing or shall be accessed from either an 
area of refuge complying with paragraph (G)(6)( 1007.6) of 
this rule or a horizontal exit. 

Exceptions: 

1. Open exit stairways as permitted in paragraph 
(T)(l)( 1020.1) of this rule are permitted to be consid- 
ered part of an accessible means of egress. 

2. The area of refuge is not required at unenclosed exit 
stairways as permitted by paragraph (T)(l)( 1020.1) 
of this rule in buildings or facilities that are equipped 
throughout with an automatic sprinkler system 
installed in accordance with paragraph 
(C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the 
Administrative Code. 



138 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



MEANS OF EGRESS 



3. The clear width of 48 inches (1219 mm) between 
handrails is not required at exit stairways in build- 
ings or facilities equipped throughout with an auto- 
matic sprinkler system installed in accordance with 
paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3. 1 . 1 ) or 
(C)(3)(a)(ii)(903.3.1.2) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of 
the Administrative Code. 

4. The clear width of 48 inches (1219 mm) between 
handrails is not required for exit stairways accessed 
from a horizontal exit. 

5 . Areas of refuge are not required at exit stairways serv- 
ing open parking garages. 

(4) 1007.4 Elevators. An elevator to be considered part of an 
accessible means of egress shall comply with the emergency 
operation and signaling device requirements of Section 2.27 of 
ASME A17.1 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administra- 
tive Code. Standby power shall be provided in accordance with 
Sections 2702 and 3003 of the building code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. The elevator shall be 
accessed from either an area of refuge complying with para- 
graph (G)(6)( 1007.6) of this rule or a horizontal exit. 

Exception: Elevators are not required to be accessed from 
an area of refuge or horizontal exit in open parking garages. 

(5) 1007.5 Platform lifts. Platform (wheelchair) lifts shall not 
serve as part of an accessible means of egress, except where 
allowed as part of a required accessible route in Section 1 109.7 
Items 1 to 9 of the building code as listedin rule 1301:7-7-45 of 
the Administrative Code. Standby power shall be provided in 
accordance with paragraph (D)(2)(f)(604.2.6) of rule 
1301:7-7-06 of the Administrative Code for platform lifts per- 
mitted to serve as part of a means of egress. 

(a) 1007.5.1 Openness. Platform lifts on an accessible 
means of egress shall not be installed in a fully enclosed or 
fire-rated shaft. 

(6) 1007.6 Areas of refuge. Every required area of refuge shall 
be accessible from the space it serves by £in accessible means of 
egress. The maximum travel distance from any accessible 
space to an area of refuge shall not exceed the travel distance 
permitted for the occupancy in accordance with paragraph 

I (P)(l)(1016.1) of this rule. Every required area of refuge shall 
have direct access to an enclosed stairway complying with 

I paragraphs (G)(3)( 1007.3) and (T)(l)( 1020.1) of this rule or 
an elevator complying ^ith paragraph (G)(4)( 1007.4) of this 
rule. Where an elevator lobby is used as an area of refuge, the 
shaft and lobby shall comply with paragraph 

I (T)(l)(g)( 1020. 1.7) of this rule for smokeproof enclosures 
except where the elevators are in an area of refuge formed by a 
horizontal exit or smoke barrier. 

(a) 1007.6.1 Size. Each area of refuge shall be sized to 
accommodate one wheelchair space of 30 inches by 48 
inches (762 mm by 1219 mm) for each 200 occupants or 
portion thereof, based on the occupant load of the area of 
refuge and areas served by the area of refuge. Such wheel- 
chair spaces shall not reduce the required means of egress 
width. Access to any of the required wheelchair spaces in an 
area of refuge shall not be obstructed by more than one 
adjoining wheelchair space. 



(b) 1007.6.2 Separation. Each area of refuge shall be sepa- 
rated from the remainder of the story by a smoke barrier 
complying with Section 709 of the building code as listed in 
rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code or ahorizontal 
exit complying v/iih paragraph (V)(1022) of this rule. Each 
area of refuge shall be designed to minimize the intrusion of 
smoke. 

Exception: Areas of refiige located within a stairway 
enclosure. 

(c) 1007.6.3 Two-way communication. Areas of refuge 
shall be provided with a two-way communication system 
between the area of refuge and a central control point. If the 
central control point is not constantly attended, the area of 
refuge shall also have controlled access to a pubUc tele- 
phone system. Location of the central control point shall be 
approved by the fire department. The two-way communica- 
tion system shall include both audible and visible signals. 

(i) 1007.6.3.1 Testing and maintenance. All two-way 
communication systems shall be tested in the presence of 
the code official upon completion of installation. Com- 
munication systems shall be inspected and tested in 
accordance with NFPA 72 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 
of the Administrative Code to verify that all components 
are operational. 

(d) 1007.6.4 Instructions. In areas of refuge that have a 
two-way emergency communications system, instructions 
on the use of the area under emergency conditions shall be 
posted adjoining the communications system. The instruc- 
tions shall include all of the following: 

(i) Directions to find other means of egress. 

(ii) Persons able to use the exit stairway do so as soon as 
possible, unless they are assisting others. 

(Hi) Information on plaimed availabiUty of assistance in 
the use of stairs or supervised operation of elevators 
and how to summon such assistance. 

(iv) Directions for use of the emergency conmiunica- 
tions system. 

(e) 1007.6.5 Identification. Each door providing access to 
an area of refuge from an adjacent floor area shall be identi- 
fied by a sign complying with ICC Al 17.1 as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code, stating: "AREA 
OF REFUGE," and including the International Symbol of 
Accessibility. Where exit sign illumination is required by 
paragraph (K)(2)(1011.2) of this rule, the area of refuge 
sign shall be illuminated. Additionally, tactile signage com- 
plying with ICC A 1 17.1 as listedin rule 1301:7-7-45 of the 
Administrative Code shall be located at each door to an area 
of refuge. 

(7) 1007.7 Signage. At exits and elevators serving a required 
accessible space but not providing an approved accessible 
means of egress, signage shall be installed indicating the loca- 
tion of accessible means of egress. 

(8) 1007.8 Exterior area for assisted rescue. The exterior area 
for assisted rescue must be open to the outside air and meet the 
requirements of paragraph (G)(6)(a)( 1007. 6.1) of this rule. 
Separation walls shall comply with the requirements of Section 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



139 



MEANS OF EGRESS 



704 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the 
Administrative Code for exterior walls. Where walls or open- 
ings are between the area for assisted rescue and the interior of 
the building, the building exterior walls within 10 feet (3048 
mm) horizontally of a nonrated wall or unprotected opening 
shall have a fire-resistance rating of not less than 1-hour. Open- 
ings within such exterior walls shall be protected by opening 
protectives having a fire protection rating of not less than ^/^ 
hour. This construction shall extend vertically from the ground 
to a point 10 feet (3048 mm) above the floor level of the area for 
assisted rescue or to the roof line, whichever is lower. 

(a) 1007.8.1 Openness. The exterior area for assisted res- 
cue shall be at least 50 per cent open, and the open area 
above the guards shall be so distributed as to minimize the 
accumulation of smoke and toxic gases. 

(b) 1007.8.2 Exterior exit stairway. Exterior exit stairways 
that are part of the means of egress for the exterior area for 
assisted rescue shall provide a clear width of 48 inches 
(1219 mm) between handrails. 

(c) 1007.8.3 Identification. Exterior areas for assisted res- 
cue shall have identification as required for area of refuge 
that complies -with paragraph (G)(6)(e)( 1007.6.5) of this 
rule. 



(H) [BISECTION 1008 
DOORS, GATES AND TURNSTILES 

(1) 1008.1 Doors. Means of egress doors shall meet the 
requirements of this paragraph. Doors serving a means of 
egress system shall meet the requirements of this paragraph 
dlid paragraph (Q)(2)(1017.2) of this rule. Doors provided for 
egress purposes in numbers greater than required by this code 
shall meet the requirements of this paragraph. 

Means of egress doors shall be readily distinguishable from 
the adjacent construction and finishes such that the doors are 
easily recognizable as doors. Mirrors or similar reflecting 
materials shall not be used on means of egress doors. Means of 
egress doors shall not be concealed by curtains, drapes, decora- 
tions or similar materials. 

(a) 1008.1.1 Size of doors. The minimum width of each 
door opening shall be sufficient for the occupant load 
thereof and shall provide a clear width of not less than 32 
inches (813 mm). Clear openings of doorways with swing- 
ing doors shall be measured between the face of the door 
and the stop, with the door open 90 degrees (1.57 rad). 
Where this paragraph requires a minimum clear width of 32 
inches (813 mm) and a door opening includes two door 
leaves without a mullion, one leaf shall provide a clear open- 
ing width of 32 inches (813 mm). The maximum width of a 
swinging door leaf shall be 48 inches (1219 mm) nominal. 
Means of egress doors in an occupancy in Group 1-2 used 
for the movement of beds shall provide a clear width not less 
than 41 V2 inches (1054 mm). The height of doors shall not 
be less than 80 inches (2032 mm). 

Exceptions: 

1 . The minimum and maximum width shall not apply 
to door openings that are not part of the required 



means of egress in occupancies in Groups R-2 and 
R-3 occupancies. 

2. Door openings to resident sleeping units, not 
required to be accessible, in Group 1-3 occupan- 
cies shall have a clear width of not less than 28 
inches (711 mm). 

3. Door openings to storage closets less than 10 
square feet (0.93 m^) in area shall not be limited by 
the minimum width. 

4. Width of door leafs in revolving doors that comply 
with paragraph (H)(l)(c)(i)(1008.1.3.1) of this 
rule shall not be limited. 

5. Door openings within a dwelling unit or sleeping 
unit shall not be less than 78 inches (1981 mm) in 
height. 

6. Exterior door openings in dwelling units and 
sleeping units, other than the required exit door, 
shall not be less than 76 inches (1930 mm) in 
height. 

7. In other than Group R-1 occupancies, the mini- 
mum widths shall not apply to interior egress doors 
within a dwelling unit or sleeping uait that is not 
required to be an Accessible unit, Type A unit or 
Type B unit. 

8. Door openings required to be accessible within 
Type B units shall have a minimum clear width of 
31.75 inches (806 mm). 

(i) 1008.1.1.1 Projections into clear width. There shall 
not be projections into the required clear width lower 
than 34 inches (864 mm) above the floor or ground. Pro- 
jections into the clear opening width between 34 inches 
(864 mm) and 80 inches (2032 nrni) above the floor or 
ground shall not exceed 4 inches (102 mm). 

(b) 1008.1.2 Door swing. Egress doors shall be side-hinged 
swinging. 

Exceptions: 

1. Private garages, office areas, factory and storage 
areas with an occupant load of 10 or less. 

2. Group 1-3 occupancies used as a place of deten- 
tion. 

3. Critical or intensive care patient rooms within 
suites of health care facilities. 

4. Doors within or serving a single dwelling unit in 
Groups R-2 and R-3. 

5. In other than Group H occupancies, revolving 
doors complying with paragraph 
(H)(l)(c)(i)(1008.1.3.1) of this rule. 

6. In other than Group H occupancies, horizontal 
sliding doors complying with paragraph 
(H)(l)(c)(iiiX 1008.1. 3.3) of this rule are permitted 
in a means of egress. 

7. Power-operated doors in accordance with para- 
graph (H)(l)(c)(ii)(1008.1.3.2) of this rule. 



140 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



MEANS OF EGRESS 



8. Doors serving a bathroom within an individual 
sleeping unit in Group R-1. 

Doors shall swing in the direction of egress travel where 
serving an occupant load of 50 or more persons or a Group 
H occupancy. 

The opening force for interior side-swinging doors with- 
out closers shall not exceed a 5-pound (22 N) force. For 
other side swinging, sliding and folding doors, the door 
latch shall release when subjected to a 15-pound (67 N) 
force. The door shall be set in motion when subjected to a 
30-pound (133 N) force. The door shall swing to a full-open 
position when subjected to a 15-pound (67 N) force. Forces 
shall be applied to the latch side. 

(c) 1008.1.3 Special doors. Special doors and security 
grilles shall comply with the requirements of paragraphs 
(H)(l)(c)(i)(1008J3J) to (H)(J)(c)(v)(1008JJ.5) of this 
rule. 

(i) 1008.1.3.1 Revolving doors. Revolving doors shall 
comply with the following: 

1 . Each revolving door shall be capable of collapsing 
into a bookfold position with parallel egress paths 
providing an aggregate width of 36 inches (914 
mm). 

2. A revolving door shall not be located within 10 
feet (3048 mm) of the foot of or top of stairs or 
escalators. A dispersal area shall be provided 
between the stairs or escalators and the revolving 
doors. 

3. The revolutions per minute (rpm) for a revolving 
door shall not exceed those shown in Table 
1008.1.3.1 of this rule. 

4. Each revolving door shall have a side-hinged 
swinging door which complies with paragraph 
(H)(l)( 1008.1) of this rule in the same wall and 
within 10 feet (3048 mm) of the revolving door. 

TABLE 1008.1.3.1 
REVOLVING DOOR SPEEDS 



INSIDE DIAMETER 
(FEET-INCHES) 


POWER-DRIVEN-TYPE 
SPEED CONTROL (RPM) 


MANUAL-TYPE SPEED 
CONTROL (RPM) 


6-6 


11 


12 


7-0 


10 


U 


7-6 


9 


11 


8-0 


9 


10 


8-6 


8 


9 


9-0 


8 


9 


9-6 


7 


8 


10-0 


7 


8 



For SI: I inch = 25.4 nun, 1 foot = 304.8 mm. 

(a) 1008.1.3.1.1 Egress component A revolving 
door used as a component of a means of egress shall 
comply with paragraph (H)(l)(c){i)(1008.I.3.1) of 
this rule and the following three conditions: 



(i) Revolving doors shall not be given credit for 
more than 50 per cent of the required egress 
capacity. 

(ii) Each revolving door shall be credited with no 
more than a 50-person capacity. 

(Hi) Each revolving door shall be capable of being 
collapsed when a force of not more than 130 
pounds (572 N) is applied within 3 inches (76 
mm) of the outer edge of a wing. 

(b) 1008.1.3.1.2 Other than egress component. A 

revolving door used as other than a component of a 
means of egress shall comply with paragraph 
(H)(l)(c)(i)( 1008.1. 3.1) of this rule. The coOapsing 
force of a revolving door not used as a component of a 
means of egress shall not be more than 180 pounds 
(801 N). 

Exception: A collapsing force in excess of 180 
pounds (801 N) is permitted if the collapsing force 
is reduced to not more than 130 pounds (572 N) 
when at least one of the following conditions is sat- 
isfied: 

1 . There is a power failure or power is removed 
to the device holding the door wings in posi- 
tion. 

2. There is an actuation of the automatic sprin- 
kler system where such system is provided. 

3. There is an actuation of a smoke detection 
system which is installed in accordance with 
paragraph (G)(907) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of 
the Administrative Code to provide cover- 
age in areas within the building which are 
within 75 feet (22 860 mm) of the revolving 
doors. 

4. There is the actuation of a manual control 
switch, in an approved location and clearly 
defined, which reduces the holding force to 
below the 130-pound (572 N) force level. 

(ii) 1008.1.3.2 Power-operated doors. Where means of 
egress doors are operated by power, such as doors with a 
photoelectric-actuated mechanism to open the door upon 
the approach of a person, or doors with power-assisted 
manual operation, the design shall be such that in the 
event of power failure, the door is capable of being 
opened manually to permit means of egress travel or 
closed where necessary to safeguard means of egress. 
The forces required to open these doors manually shall 
not exceed those specified in paragraph 
(H)(l)(b)(1008.L2) of this rule, except that the force to 
set the door in motion shall not exceed 50 pounds (220 
N). The door shall be capable of swinging fi-om any posi- 
tion to the full width of the opening in which such door is 
installed when a force is applied to the door on the side 
from which egress is made. FuU power operated doors 
shall comply with BHMA A156.10 as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. Power assisted 
and low-energy doors shall comply with BHMA 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



141 



MEANS OF EGRESS 



A156.19 as listedin rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administra- 
tive Code. 

Exceptions: 

1. Occupancies in Group 1-3. 

2. Horizontal sliding doors complying wi\h para- 
graph (H)(l)(c)(iii)(1008.1.3.3) of this rule. 

3. For a biparting door in the emergency breakout 
mode, a door leaf located within a multiple-leaf 
opening shall be exempt from the minimum 
32-inch (813 mm) single-leaf requirement of 
paragraph (H)(l)(a)( 1008. 1.1) of this rule, 
provided a minimum 32-inch (813 mm) clear 
opening is provided when the two biparting 
leaves meeting in the center are broken out. 

(iii) 1008.1.3.3 Horizontal sliding doors. In other than 
Group H occupancies, horizontal sliding doors permitted 
to be a component of a means of egress in accordance 
with Exception 5 to paragraph (H)(l)(b)(1008.1.2) of 
this rule shall comply with all of the following criteria: 

(a) The doors shall be power operated and shall be 
capable of being operated manually in the event 
of power failure. 

(b) The doors shall be openable by a simple method 
from both sides without special knowledge or 
effort. 

(c) The force required to operate the door shall not 
exceed 30 pounds (133 N) to set the door in 
motion and 15 pounds (67 N) to close the door or 
open it to the minimum required width. 

(d) The door shall be openable with a force not to 
exceed 15 pounds (67 N) when a force of 250 
pounds (1 100 N) is applied perpendicular to the 
door adjacent to the operating device. 

(e) The door assembly shall comply with the appli- 
cable fire protection rating and, where rated, 
shall be self-closing or automatic-closing by 
smoke detection, in accordance with Section 
715.4.7.3 of the building code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code, shall be 
installed in accordance with NFPA 80 as listed in 
rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code and 
shall comply with Section 715 of the building 
code as listedin rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Adminis- 
trative Code. 

if) The door assembly shall have an integrated 
standby power supply. 

(g) The door assembly power supply shall be electri- 
cally supervised. 

(h) The door shall open to the minimum required 
width within 10 seconds after activation of the 
operating device. 



(iv) 1008.1.3.4 Access-controlled egress doors. The 

entrance doors in a means of egress in buildings with an 
occupancy in Group A, B, E, M, R- 1 or R-2 and entrance 
doors to tenant spaces in occupancies in Groups A, B, E, 
M, R-1 and R-2 are permitted to be equipped with an 
approved entrance and egress access control system 
which shall be installed in accordance with all of the fol- 
lowing criteria: 

(a) A sensor shall be provided on the egress side 
arranged to detect an occupant approaching the 
doors. The doors shall be arranged to unlock by a 
signal from or loss of power to the sensor. 

(b) Loss of power to that part of the access control 
system which locks the doors shall automatically 
unlock the doors. 

(c) The doors shall be arranged to unlock from a 
manual unlocking device located 40 inches to 48 
inches (1016 mm to 1219 mm) vertically above 
the floor and within 5 feet (1524 mm) of the 
secured doors. Ready access shall be provided to 
the manual unlocking device and the device shall 
be clearly identified by a sign that reads "PUSH 
TO EXIT." When operated, the manual unlock- 
ing device shall result in direct interruption of 
power to the lock-independent of the access con- 
trol system electronics-and the doors shall 
remain unlocked for a minimum of 30 seconds. 

(d) Activation of the building fire alarm system, if 
provided, shall automatically unlock the doors, 
and the doors shall remain unlocked until the fire 
alarm system has been reset. 

(e) Activation of the building automatic sprinkler or 
fire detection system, if provided, shall automati- 
cally unlock the doors. The doors shall remain 
unlocked until the fire alarm system has been 
reset. 

(/) Entrance doors in buildings with an occupancy in 
Group A, B, E or M shall not be secured from the 
egress side during periods that the building is 
open to the general public. 

(v) 1008.1.3.5 Security grilles. In Groups B, F, M and S, 
horizontal sliding or vertical security grilles are permit- 
ted at the main exit and shall be openable from the inside 
without the use of a key or special knowledge or effort 
during periods that the space is occupied. The grilles 
shall remain secured in the full-open position during the 
period of occupancy by the general public. Where two or 
more means of egress are required, not more than 
one-half of the exits or exit access doorways shall be 
equipped with horizontal sliding or vertical security 
grilles. 

(d) 1008.1.4 Floor elevation. There shall be a floor or land- 
ing on each side of a door. Such floor or landing shall be at 
the same elevation on each side of the door. Landings shall 



142 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



MEANS OF EGRESS 



be level except for exterior landings, which are permitted to 
have a slope not to exceed 0.25 unit vertical in 12 units hori- 
zontal (2 per cent slope). 

Exceptions: 

1. Doors serving individual dwelling units in Group 
R-2 and R-3 where the following apply: 

1 . 1 . A door is permitted to open at the top step 
of an interior flight of stairs, provided the 
door does not swing over the top step. 

1.2. Screen doors and storm doors are permit- 
ted to swing over stairs or landings. 

2. Exterior doors as provided for in paragraph 
(C)(5)(1003.5) of this rule Exception 1, and para- 
graph (R)(2)(1018.2) of this rule, which are not on 
an accessible route. 

3 . In Group R-3 occupancies not required to be Acces- 
sible units, Type A units or Type B units, the land- 
ing at an exterior doorway shall not be more than 
7.75 inches (197 mm) below the top of the thresh- 
old, provided the door, other than an exterior storm 
or screen doors, does not swing over the landing. 

4. Variations in elevation due to differences in finish 
materials, but not more than 0.5 inch (12.7 mm). 

5. Exterior decks, patios or balconies that are part of 
Type B dwelhng units and have impervious sur- 
faces, and that are not more than 4 inches (102 
mm) below the finished floor level of the adjacent 
interior space of the dwelling unit. 

(e) 1008.1.5 Landings at doors. Landings shall have a width 
not less than the width of the stairway or the door, whichever 
is the greater. Doors in the fully open position shall not reduce 
arequired dimension by more than 7 inches (178 mm). When 
a landing serves an occupant load of 50 or more, doors in any 
position shall not reduce the landing to less than one-half its 
required width. Landings shall have a length measured in the 
direction of travel of not less than 44 inches (1118 mm). 

Exception: Landing length in the direction of travel in 
Groups R-3 and U and within individual units of Group 
R-2 need not exceed 36 inches (914 mm). 

(f) 1008.1.6 Thresholds. Thresholds at doorways shall not 
exceed 0.75 inch ( 19. 1 mm) in height for shding doors serv- 
ing dwelling units or 0.5 inch (12.7 mm) for other doors. 
Raised thresholds and floor level changes greater than 0.25 
inch (6.4 mm) at doorways shall be beveled with a slope not 
greater than one unit vertical in two units horizontal (50-per 
cent slope). 

Exception: The threshold height shall be limited to 7.75 
inches (197 mm) where the occupancy is Group R-2 or 
R-3; the door is an exterior door that is not a component 
of the required means of egress; the door, other than an 
exterior storm or screen door does not swing over the 
landing or step; and the doorway is not on an accessible 
route as required by Chapter 11 of the building code as 
listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code 
and is not part of an Accessible unit. Type A unit or Type 
B unit. 



(g) 1008.1.7 Door arrangement. Space between two doors 
in series shall be 48 inches (1219 mm) minimum plus the 
width of a door swinging into the space. Doors in series shall 
swing either in the same direction or away from the space 
between doors. 

Exceptions: 

1 . The minimum distance between horizontal sliding 
power-operated doors in a series shall be 48 inches 
(1219 mm). 

2. Storm and screen doors serving individual dwell- 
ing units in Groups R-2 and R-3 need not be spaced 
48 inches (1219 mm) from the other door. 

3. Doors within individual dwelling units in Groups 
R-2 and R-3 other than within Type A dwelling units. 

(h) 1008.1.8 Door operations. Except as specifically per- 
mitted by this paragraph egress doors shall be readily 
openable from the egress side without the use of a key or 
special knowledge or effort. 

(i) 1008.1.8.1 Hardware. Door handles, pulls, latches, 
locks and other operating devices on doors required to be 
accessible by Chapter 1 1 of the building code as listed in 
rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code shall not 
require tight grasping, tight pinching or twisting of the 
wrist to operate. 

(ii) 1008.1.8.2 Hardware height. Door handles, pulls, 
latches, locks and other operating devices shall be 
installed 34 inches (864 mm) minimum and 48 inches 
(1219 mm) maximum above the finished floor. Locks 
used only for security purposes and not used for normal 
operation are permitted at any height. 

Exception: Access doors or gates in barrier walls and 
fences protecting pools, spas and hot tubs shall be per- 
mitted to have operable parts of the release of latch on 
self-latching devices at 54 inches (1370 mm) maxi- 
mum above the finished floor or ground, provided the 
self-latching devices are not also self-locking devices 
operated by means of a key, electronic opener or inte- 
gral combination lock. 

(iii) 1008.1.8.3 Locks and latches. Locks and latches 
shall be permitted to prevent operation of doors where 
any of the following exists: 

(a) Places of detention or restraint. 

(b) In buildings in occupancy Group A having an 
occupant load of 300 or less, Groups B, F, M and 
S, and in places of rehgious worship, the main I 
exterior door or doors are permitted to be 
equipped with key-operated locking devices 
from the egress side provided: 

(i) The locking device is readily distinguish- 
able as locked, 

(ii) A readily visible durable sign is posted on the 
egress side on or adjacent to the door stating: 
"THIS DOOR TO REMAIN UNLOCKED 
WHEN BUILDING IS OCCUPIED." The 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



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sign shall be in letters 1 inch (25 mm) high on 
a contrasting background, 

(Hi) The use of the key-operated locking device 
is revocable by the fire code official for due 
cause. 

(c) Where egress doors are used in pairs, approved 
automatic flush bolts shall be permitted to be 
used, provided that the door leaf having the auto- 
matic flush bolts has no doorknob or sur- 
face-mounted hardware. 

(d) Doors from individual dwelling units or sleeping 
units of Group R occupancies having an occu- 
pant load of 10 or less are permitted to be 
equipped with a night latch, dead bolt or security 
chain, provided such devices are openable from 
the inside without the use of a key or tool. 

(iv) 1008.1.8.4 Bolt locks. Manually operated flush 
bolts or surface bolts are not permitted. 

Exceptions: 

1 . On doors not required for egress in individual 
dwelling units. 

2. Where a pair of doors serves a storage or equip- 
ment room, manually operated edge- or sur- 
face-mounted bolts are permitted on the 
inactive leaf. 

(v) 1008.1.8.5 Unlatching. The unlatching of any door 
or leaf shall not require more than one operation. 

Exception: More than one operation is permitted for 
unlatching doors in the following locations: 

1. Places of detention or restraint. 

2. Where manually operated bolt locks are permit- 
ted hy paragraph (H)(l)(h)(iv)(1008.L8.4) of 
this rule. 

3. Doors with automatic flush bolts as permitted 
by paragraph (H)(l)(h)(iii}(1008.1.8.3), 
Exception 3 of this rule. 

4. Doors from individual dwelling units and 
guestrooms of Group R occupancies as permit- 
ted by paragraph (H}(l)(h)(iii)(1008.1.8.3), 
Exception 4 of this rule. 

(vi) 1008.1.8.6 Special egress locks. Special locking sys- 
tems shall be permitted to be installed in accordance 
with paragraphs (H)(l)(h)(vi)(a)(1008.1.8.6.1) and 
(H)(l)(h)(vi)(b)( 1008.1. 8.6.2) of this rule. 

(a) 1008.1.8.6.1 Delayed egress locks. Approved, listed, 
delayed egress locks shall be permitted to be installed on 
doors serving any occupancy except Group A, E and H 
occupancies in buildings that are equipped throughout 
with an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with 
paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 
of the Administrative Code or an approved automatic 
smoke or heat detection system installed in accordance 
with paragraph (G)(907) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the 
Administrative Code, provided that the doors unlock in 



accordance with paragraphs (H)(l)(h)(vi)(a) to 
(H)(l)(h)(vi)(f) of this rule. A building occupant shall not 
be required to pass through more than one door 
equipped with a delayed egress lock before entering an 
exit. 

(i) The doors unlock upon actuation of the auto- 
matic sprinkler system or automatic fire detec- 
tion system. 

(ii) The doors unlock upon loss of power controlling 
the lock or lock mechanism. 

(Hi) The door locks shall have the capability of being 
unlocked by a signal from the fire command cen- 
ter. 

(iv) The initiation of an irreversible process which 
will release the latch in not more than 15 seconds 
when a force of not more than 15 pounds (67 N) 
is applied for 1 second to the release device. Initi- 
ation of the irreversible process shall activate an 
audible signal in the vicinity of the door. Once 
the door lock has been released by the application 
offeree to the releasing device, relocldng shall be 
by manual means only. 

Exception: Where approved, a delay of not 
more than 30 seconds is permitted. 

(v) A sign shall be provided on the door located 
above and within 12 inches (305 mm) of the 
release device reading: "PUSH UNTIL ALARM 
SOUNDS. DOOR CAN BE OPENED IN 15 
[30] SECONDS." 

(vi) Emergency lighting shall be provided at the door. 

(b) 1008.1.8.6.2 Controlled egress locks. Approved, 
listed, controlled egress locks shall be permitted to be 
installed on doors serving 1-2 occupancies in areas 
where patients must be restricted for their own safety. 
These areas are where patients/residents reside, 
and/or are provided care and those patients/residents 
have physical or mental conditions that would endan- 
ger them if they were not restricted. Buildings using 
controlled egress locking devices shall be equipped 
throughout with an automatic sprinkler system in 
accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) 
of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 
Buildings using controlled egress locking systems 
shall provide an approved automatic smoke detection 
system installed in accordance with paragraph 
(G)(907) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative 
Code. 

Contmlkd egress locking doors shall unlock in accor- 
dance with paragraphs (H)(l)(h)(vi)(b)(i)(1008.1.8.6.2.1) 
to (H)(l)(h)(vi)(b)(vi)( 1008.1. 8.6.2.6) of this rule. A 
building occupant shall not be required to pass through 
more than one door equipped with a controlled egress 
lock before entering an exit. 

(i) The doors unlock upon actuation of the auto- 
matic sprinkler system or automatic fire de- 
tection system. 



144 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



MEANS OF EGRESS 



(ii) The doors unlock upon loss of power control- 
ling the lock or lock mechanism. 

(Hi) The door locks shall have the capability of be- 
ing unlocked by an approved manual keypad 
located on each side of the door, at staff loca- 
tions on thatfloor and at a signal from the fire 
command center. 

(iv) Once the door lock has been released, 
relocking shall be by manual means only. 

(v) A sign shall be provided on the door located 
above and within 12 inches (305 mm) of the 
release device reading: "THESE DOORS 
ARE ELECTRONICALLY CONTROLLED. " 

(vi) Emergency lighting shall be provided at the 
door. 

(vii) 1008.1.8.7 Stairway doors. Interior stairway 
means of egress doors shall be openable from both sides 
without the use of a key or special knowledge or effort. 

Exceptions: 

1. Stairway discharge doors shall be openable 
from the egress side and shall only be locked 
from the opposite side. 

2. This paragraph shall not apply to doors 
arranged in accordance with Section 403.12 of 
the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 
of the Administrative Code. 

3 . In stairways serving not more than four stories, 
doors are permitted to be locked from the side 
opposite the egress side, provided they are 
openable from the egress side and capable of 
being unlocked simultaneously without 
unlatching upon a signal from the fire com- 
mand center, if present, or a signal by emer- 
gency personnel from a single location inside 
the main entrance of the building. 

(i) 1008.1.9 Panic and fire exit hardware. Where panic 
and fire exit hardware is installed, it shall comply with the 
following: 

(i) The actuating portion of the releasing device shall 
extend at least one-half of the door leaf width. 

(ii) A maximum unlatching force of 1 5 pounds (67 N). 

Each door in a means of egress from a Group A or E occu- 
pancy having an occupant load of 50 or more and any Group 
H occupancy shall not be provided with a latch or lock 
unless it is panic hardware or fire exit hardware. 

Exception: A main exit of a Group A occupancy in com- 
pliance vjiih paragraph (H)(l)(h)(iii)(b)(1008J.8.3) of 
this rule. 

Electrical rooms with equipment rated 1,200 amperes or 
more and over 6 feet (1829 mm) wide that contain 
overcurrent devices, switching devices or control devices 
with exit access doors must be equipped wilii panic hard- 
ware and doors must swing in the direction of egress. 



If balanced doors are used and panic hardware is 
required, the panic hardware shall be of the push-pad type 
and the pad shall not extend more than one-half the width of 
the door measured from the latch side. 

(2) 1008.2 Gates. Gates serving the means of egress system 
shall comply with the requirements of this paragraph. Gates 
used as a component in a means of egress shall conform to the 
applicable requirements for doors. 

Exception: Horizontal sliding or swinging gates exceeding 
the 4-foot (1219 mm) maximum leaf width limitation are 
permitted in fences and walls surrounding a stadium. 

(a) 1008.2.1 Stadiums. Panic hardware is not required on 
gates surrounding stadiums where such gates are under con- 
stant immediate supervision while the public is present, and 
further provided that safe dispersal areas based on 3 square 
feet (0.28 m^) per occupant are located between the fence 
and enclosed space. Such required safe dispersal areas shall 
not be located less than 50 feet (15 240 mm) from the 
enclosed space. Stt paragraph (X)(6)( 1024.6) of this rule 
for means of egress from safe dispersal areas. 

(3) 1008.3 Tumstiles. Turnstiles or similar devices that restrict 
travel to one direction shall not be placed so as to obstruct any 
required means of egress. 

Exception: Each turnstile or similar device shall be credited 
with no more than a 50-person capacity where all of the fol- 
lowing provisions are met: 

1 . Each device shall turn free in the direction of egress 
travel when primary power is lost, and upon the man- 
ual release by an employee in the area. 

2. Such devices are not given credit for more than 50 per 
cent of the required egress capacity. 

3. Each device is not more than 39 inches (991 mm) 
high. 

4. Each device has at least 16.5 inches (419 mm) clear 
width at and below a height of 39 inches (991 mm) 
and at least 22 inches (559 mm) clear width at heights 
above 39 inches (991 mm). 

Where located as part of an accessible route, tumstUes shall 
have at least 36 inches (914 mm) clear at and below a height of 
34 inches (864 mm), at least 32 inches (813 mm) clear width 
between 34 inches (864 mm) and 80 inches (2032 mm) and 
shall consist of a mechanism other than a revolving device. 

(a) 1008.3.1 High turnstile. Turnstiles more than 39 inches 
(991 mm) high shall meet the requirements for revolving 
doors. 

(b) 1008.3,2 Additional door. Where serving an occupant 
load greater than 300, each turnstile which is not portable 
shaU have a side-hinged swinging door which conforms to 
paragraph (H)(1)(1008.I) of this rule within 50 feet (15 240 
mm). 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



145 



MEANS OF EGRESS 



> 



(I) [BISECTION 1009 
STAIRWAYS AND HANDRAILS 

(1) 1009.1 Stairway width. The width of stairways shall be 
determined as specified in paragraph (E)(l)(1005.1) of this 
rule, but such width shall not be less than 44 inches (1118 mm). 
See paragraph (G)(3)( 1007.3) of this rule for accessible means 
of egress stairways. 

Exceptions: 

1. Stairways serving an occupant load of less than 50 
shall have a width of not less than 36 inches (914 
mm). 

2. Spiral stairways as provided for in paragraph 
(I)(9)( 1009.9) of this rule. 

3. Aisle stairs complying with paragraph (Y)(1025) of 
this rule. 

4. Where an incline platform or stairway chairlift is 
installed on stairways serving occupancies in Group 
R-3, or within dwelling units in occupancies in Group 
R-2, a clear passage width not less than 20 inches (508 
mm) shall be provided. If the seat and platform can be 
folded when not in use, the distance shall be measured 
from the folded position. 

(2) 1009.2 Headroom. Stairways shall have a minimum head- 
room clearance of 80 inches (2032 mm) measured vertically 
from a line connecting the edge of the nosings. Such headroom 
shall be continuous above the stairway to the point where the 
line intersects the landing below, one tread depth beyond the 
bottom riser. The minimum clearance shall be maintained the 
full width of the stairway and landing. 

Exception: Spiral stairways complying with paragraph 
I (I)(8)( 1009.8) of this rule are permitted a 78-inch (1981 
mm) headroom clearance. 

(3) 1009.3 Stair treads and risers. Stair riser heights shall be 7 
inches (178 mm) maximum and 4 inches (102 mm) minimum. 
Stair tread depths shall be 1 1 inches (279 mm) minimum. The 
riser height shall be measured vertically between the leading 
edges of adjacent treads. The tread depth shall be measured 
horizontally between the vertical of the foremost protection of 
adjacent treads and at a right angle to the tread's leading edge. 
Winder treads shall have a minimum tread depth of 1 1 inches 
(279 mm) measured at a right angle to the tread's leading edge 
at a point 12 inches (305 mm) from the side where the treads are 
narrower and a minimum tread depth of 10 inches (254 mm). 

Exceptions: 

1. Alternating tread devices in accordance with para- 
graph (I)(9)( 1009.9) of this rule. 

2. Spiral stairways in accordance with paragraph 
(I)(8)( 1009.8) of this rule. 

3. Aisle stairs in assembly seating areas where the stair 
pitch or slope is set, for sightline reasons, by the slope 
of the adjacent seating area in accordance with para- 
graph (X)(ll)(b)( 1024.1 1.2) of this rule. 

4. In Group R-3 occupancies, within dwelling units in 
Group R-2 occupancies, and in occupancies in Group 
U which are accessory to a Group R-3 occupancy or 



accessory to individual dwelling units in Group R-2 
occupancies, the maximum riser height shall be 7.75 
inches (197 nun); the minimum tread depth shall be 
10 inches (254 mm), the minimum winder tread depth 
at the walk line shall be 10 inches (254 mm), and the 
minimum winder tread depth shall be 6 inches (152 
mm). A nosing not less than 0.75 inch (19.1 mm) but 
not more than 1.25 inches (32 mm) shall be provided 
on stairways with solid risers where the tread depth is 
less than 1 1 inches (279 mm). 

5. See paragraph (AA)( 1027.10) of this rule for the 
replacement of existing stairways. 

(a) 1009.3.1 Winder treads. Winder treads are not permit- 
ted in means of egress stairways except within a dwelling 
unit. 

Exceptions: 

1. Curved stairways in accordance with paragraph 
(I)(7)(1009.7) of this rule. 

2. Spiral stairways in accordance with paragraph 
(I)(8)(1009.8) of this rule. 

(b) 1009.3.2 Dimensional uniformity. Stair treads and ris- 
ers shall be of uniform size and shape. The tolerance 
between the largest and smallest riser or between the largest 
and smallest tread shall not exceed 0.375 inch (9.5 mm) in 
any flight of stairs. The greatest winder tread depth at the 
12-inch (305 mm) walk line within any flight of stairs shall 
not exceed the smallest by more than 0.375 inch (9.5 mm) 
measured at a right angle to the tread's leading edge. 

Exceptions: 

1. Nonuniform riser dimensions of aisle stairs com- 
plying with paragraph (Y)(ll)(b)(1025.11.2) of I 
this rule. 

2. Consistently shaped winders, complying with 
paragraph (1)(3)(1009.3) of this rule, differing | 
from rectangular treads in the same stairway flight. 

Where the bottom or top riser adjoins a sloping pubUc 
way, walkway or driveway having an established grade and 
serving as a landing, the bottom or top riser is permitted to 
be reduced along the slope to less than 4 inches (102 mm) in 
height with the variation in height of the bottom or top riser 
not to exceed one unit vertical in 12 units horizontal (8-per 
cent slope) of stairway width. The nosings or leading edges 
of treads at such nonuniform height risers shall have a dis- 
tinctive marking stripe, different from any other nosing 
marking provided on the stair flight. The distinctive mark- 
ing stripe shall be visible in descent of the stair and shall 
have a slip-resistant surface. Marking stripes shall have a 
width of at least 1 inch (25 mm) but not more than 2 inches 
(51 nrni). 

(c) 1009.3.3 Profile. The radius of curvature at the leading I 
edge of the tread shall be not greater than 0.5 inch (12.7 
mm). Beveling of nosings shall not exceed 0.5 inch (12.7 
mm). Risers shall be solid and vertical or sloped from the 
underside of the leading edge of the tread above at an angle 
not more than 30 degrees (0.52 rad) from the vertical. The 
leading edge (nosings) of treads shall project not more than 



146 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



MEANS OF EGRESS 



1.25 inches (32 mm) beyond the tread below and all projec- 
tions of the leading edges shall be of uniform size, including 
the leading edge of the floor at the top of a flight. 

Exceptions: 

1. Solid risers are not required for stairways that are 
not required to comply with paragraph 
(G)(3)(1007.3) of this rule, provided that the open- 
ing between treads does not permit the passage of a 
sphere with a diameter of 4 inches (102 mm). 

2. Solid risers are not required for occupancies in 
Group 1-3. 

(4) 1009.4 Stairway landings. There shall be a floor or landing 
at the top and bottom of each stairway. The width of landings 
shall not be less than the width of stairways they serve. Every 
landing shall have a minimum dimension measured in the 
direction of travel equal to the width of the stairway. Such 
dimension need not exceed 48 inches (1219 mm) where the 
stairway has a straight run. 

Exceptions: 

1. Aisle stairs complying with paragraph (Y)(1025) of 
this rule. 

2. Doors opening onto a landing shall not reduce the 
landing to less than one-half the required width. 
When fully open, the door shall not project more than 
7 inches (178 mm) into a landing. 

(5) 1009.5 Stairway construction. All stairways shall be built 
of materials consistent with the types permitted for the type of 
construction of the building except that wood handrails shall be 
permitted for all types of construction. 

(a) 1009.5.1 Stairway walking surface. The walking sur- 
face of treads and landings of a stairway shall not be sloped 
steeper than one unit vertical in 48 inches horizontal (2-per 
cent slope) in any direction. Stairway treads and landings 
shall have a solid surface. Finish floor surfaces shall be 
securely attached. 

Exception: In Group F, H and S occupancies, other than 
areas of parking structures accessible to the public, open- 
ings in treads and landings shall not be prohibited pro- 
vided a sphere with a diameter of 1 Vg inches (29 mm) 
cannot pass through the opening. 

(b) 1009.5.2 Outdoor conditions. Outdoor stairways and 
outdoor approaches to stairways shall be designed so that 
water will not accumulate on walking surfaces. 

(c) 1009.5.3 Enclosures under stairways. The walls and 
soffits within enclosed usable spaces under enclosed and 
unenclosed stairways shall be protected by 1-hour 
fire-resistance-rated construction or the fire-resistance rat- 
ing of the stairway enclosure, whichever is greater. Access 
to the enclosed space shall not be directly from within the 
stair enclosure. 

Exception: Spaces under stairways serving and con- 
tained within a single residential dwelling unit in Group 
R-2 or R-3 shall be permitted to be protected on the 
enclosed side with 0.5-inch (12.7 mm) gypsum board. 



There shall be no enclosed usable space under exterior 
exit stairways unless the space is completely enclosed in 
1-hour fire-resistance-rated construction. The open space 
under exterior stairways shall not be used for any purpose. 

(6) 1009.6 Vertical rise. A flight of stairs shall not have a verti- 
cal rise greater than 12 feet (3658 nmi) between floor levels or 
landings. 

Exception: Aisle stairs complying with paragraph 
(Y)(1025) of this rule. 

(7) 1009.7 Curved stairways. Curved stairways with winder 
treads shall have treads and risers in accordance with para- 
graph (I)(3)(1009.3) of this rule and the smallest radius shall 
not be less than twice the required width of the stairway. 

Exception: The radius restriction shall not apply to curved 
stairways for occupancies in Group R-3 and within individ- 
ual dwelhng units in occupancies in Group R-2. 

(8) 1009.8 Spiral stairways. Spiral stairways are permitted to 
be used as a component in the means of egress only within 
dwelling units or from a space not more than 250 square feet 
(23 m^) in area and serving not more than five occupants, or 
from galleries, catwalks, and gridirons in accordance with 
paragraph (O)(6)(1015.6) of this rule. I 

A spiral stairway shall have a 7.5 inch (191 mm) minimum 
clear tread depth at a point 12 inches (305 mm) from the narrow 
edge. The risers shall be sufficient to provide a headroom of 78 
inches (1981 mm) minimum, but riser height shall not be more 
than 9.5 inches (241 mm). The minimum stairway width shall 
be 26 inches (660 mm). 

(9) 1009.9 Alternating tread devices. Alternating tread 
devices are limited to an element of a means of egress in build- 
ings of Groups F, H, and S from a mezzanine not more than 250 
square feet (23 m^) in area and which serves not more than five 
occupants; in buildings of Group 1-3 from a guard tower, obser- 
vation station or control room not more than 250 square feet 
(23 m^) in area and for access to unoccupied roofs. 

(a) 1009.9.1 Handrails of alternating tread devices. 

Handrails shall be provided on both sides of alternating 
tread devices and shall comply with pa ragraph (L)(l 01 2) of I 
this rule. 

(b) 1009.9.2 Treads of alternating tread devices. Alter- 
nating tread devices shall have a minimum projected tread 
of 5 inches (127 mm), a minimum tread depth of 8.5 inches 
(216 mm), a minimum tread width of 7 inches (178 nmi) and 
a maximum riser height of 9.5 inches (241 mm). The initial 
tread of the device shall begin at the same elevation as the 
platform, landing or floor surface. 

Exception: Alternating tread devices used as an element of 
a means of egress in buildings from a mezzanine area not 
more than 250 square feet (23 m^) in area which serves not 
more than five occupants shall have a minimum projected 
tread of 8.5 inches (216 mm) with a minimum tread depth 
of 10.5 inches (267 mm). The rise to the next alternating 
tread surface should not be more than 8 inches (203 mm). 

(10) 1009.10 Handrails. Stairways shall have handrails on 
each side and shall comply with paragraph (L)(1012) of this 
rule. Where glass is used to provide the handrail, the handrail 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



147 



MEANS OF EGRESS 



shall also comply with Section 2407 of the building code as 
listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

Exceptions: 

1. Aisle stairs complying with paragraph (Y)(1025) of 
this rule provided with a center handrail need not have 
additional handrails. 

2. Stairways within dwelling units, spiral stairways and 
aisle stairs serving seating only on one side are per- 
mitted to have a handrail on one side only. 

3. Decks, patios and walkways that have a single change 
in elevation where the landing depth on each side of 
the change of elevation is greater than what is 
required for a landing do not require handrails. 

4. In Group R-3 occupancies, a change in elevation con- 
sisting of a single riser at an entrance or egress door 
does not require handrails. 

5. Changes in room elevations of only one riser within 
dwelling units and sleeping units in Group R-2 and 
R-3 occupancies do not require handrails. 

(11) 1009.11 Stairway to roof. In buildings located four or 
more stories in height above grade plane, one stairway shall 
extend to the roof surface, unless the roof has a slope steeper 
than four units vertical in 12 units horizontal (33-per cent 
slope). In buildings without an occupied roof, access to the roof 
from the top story shall be permitted to be by an alternating 
tread device. 

(a) 1009.11.1 Roof access. Where a stairway is provided to 
a roof, access to the roof shall be provided through a pent- 
house complying with Section 1509.2 of the building code 
as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

Exception: In buildings without an occupied roof, 
access to the roof shall be permitted to be a roof hatch or 
trap door not less than 16 square feet (1.5 m^) in area and 
having a minimum dimension of 2 feet (610 mm). 

(b) 1009.11.2 Protection at roof hatch openings. Where 
the roof hatch opening providing the required access is 
located within 10 feet (3049 mm) of the roof edge, such roof 
access or roof edge shall be protected by guards installed in 
accordance with the provisions of paragraph (M)(1013) of 
this rule. 



(J) [BISECTION 1010 
RAMPS 

(1) 1010.1 Scope. The provisions of this paragraph shall apply 
to ramps used as a component of a means egress. 

Exceptions: 

1 . Other than ramps that are part of the accessible routes 
providing access in accordance with Sections 
1 108.2.3 to 1 108.2.5 of the building code as listed in 
rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code, ramped 
aisles within assembly rooms or spaces shall conform 
with the provisions inparagraph (Y)(ll)( 1025.11) of 
this rule. 



2. Curb ramps shall comply with the building code as 
listedin rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

3. Vehicle ramps in parking garages for pedestrian exit 
access shall not be required to comply with para- 
graphs (J)(3)(1010.3) to (J)(9)( 1010.9) of this rule 
when they are not an accessible route serving accessi- 
ble parking spaces, other required accessible ele- 
ments or part of an accessible means of egress. 

(2) 1010.2 Slope. Ramps used as part of a means of egress shall 
have a running slope not steeper than one unit vertical in 12 
units horizontal (8-per cent slope).The slope of other pedes- 
trian ramps shall not be steeper than one unit vertical in eight 
units horizontal (12.5-per cent slope). 

Exception: Aisle ramp slope in occupancies of Group A 
shall comply v/ith paragraph (Y)(ll)( 1025.11) of this rule. I 

(3) 1010.3 Cross slope. The slope measured perpendicular to 
the direction of travel of a ramp shall not be steeper than one 
unit vertical in 48 units horizontal (2-per cent slope). 

(4) 1010.4 Vertical rise. The rise for any ramp run shall be 30 
inches (762 mm) maximum. 

(5) 1010.5 Minimum dimensions. The minimum dimensions 
of means of egress ramps shall comply with paragraphs 
(J)(5)(a)(1010.5.1) to (J)(5)(c)(1010.5.3) of this rule. 

(a) 1010.5.1 Width. The minimum width of a means of 
egress ramp shall not be less than that required for corridors 
by paragraph (Q)(2)(101 7.2) of this rule. The clear width of I 
a ramp and the clear width between handrails, if provided, 
shall be 36 inches (914 mm) minimum. 

(b) 1010.5.2 Headroom. The minimum headroom in all 
parts of the means of egress ramp shall not be less than 80 
inches (2032 nmi). 

(c) 1010.5.3 Restrictions. Means of egress ramps shall not 
reduce in width in the direction of egress travel. Projections 
into the required ramp and landing width aie prohibited. 
Doors opening onto a landing shall not reduce the clear 
width to less than 42 inches (1067 mm). 

(6) 1010.6 Landings. Ramps shall have landings at the bottom 
and top of each ramp, points of turning, entrance, exits, and at 
doors. Landings shall comply with paragraphs 
(J)(6)(a)( 1010.6.1) to (J)(6)(e)(1010.6.5) of this rule. 

(a) 1010.6.1 Slope. Landings shall have a slope not steeper 
than one unit vertical in 48 units horizontal (2 per cent slope) 
in any direction. Changes in level are not permitted. 

(b) 1010.6.2 Width. The landing shall be at least as wide as 
the widest ramp run adjoining the landing. 

(c) 1010.6.3 Length. The landing length shall be 60 inches 
(1525 mm) minimum. 

Exceptions: | 

1. Landings in nonaccessible Group R-2 and R-3 
individual dwelling units are permitted to be 36 
inches (914 mm) minimum. 

2. Where the ramp is not a part of an accessible route, 
the length of the landing shall not be required to be 



148 



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more than 48 inches (1220 ram) in the direction of 

travel. 

(d) 1010.6.4 Change in direction. Where changes in direc- 
tion of travel occur at landings provided between ramp runs, 
the landing shall be 60 inches by 60 inches (1524 mm by 
1524 mm) minimum. 

Exception: Landings in nonaccessible Group R-2 and 
R-3 individual dwelling units are permitted to be 36 
inches by 36 inches (914 mm by 914 mm) minimum. 

(e) 1010.6.5 Doorways. Where doorways are located adja- 
cent to a ramp landing, maneuvering clearances required by 
building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Adminis- 
trative Code are permitted to overlap the required landing 
area. 

(7) 1010.7 Ramp construction. All ramps shall be built of 
materials consistent with the types permitted for the type of 
construction of the building; except that wood handrails shall 
be permitted for all types of construction. Ramps used as an 
exit shall conform to the apphcable requirements of para- 
graphs (T)(l}( 1020.1) to (T)(l)(c)(1020.1.3) of this rule for 
exit enclosures. 



(8) 1010.8 Handrails. Ramps with a rise greater than 6 inches 
(152 mm) shall have handrails on both sides complying with 

I paragraph (L)(1012) of this rule. 

(a) 1010.8.1 Ramp surface. The surface of ramps shall be 
of slip resistant materials that are securely attached. 

(b) 1010.8.2 Outdoor conditions. Outdoor ramps and out- 
door approaches to ramps shall be designed so that water 

I wUl not accumulate on walking surfaces. 

(9) 1010.9 Edge protection. Edge protection complying with 
I paragraphs (J)(9)(a)( 1010.9.1) or (J)(9)(b)( 1010.9.2) of this 

rule shall be provided on each side of ramp runs and at each 
side of ramp landings. 

Exceptions: 

1 . Edge protection is not required on ramps not required 
to have handrails, provided they have flared sides that 
comply with the curb ramp provisions of the building 
code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administra- 
tive Code. 

2. Edge protection is not required on the side of ramp 
landings serving an adjoining ramp run or stairway. 

3. Edge protection is not required on the sides of ramp 
landings having a vertic^ dropoff of not more than 
0.5 inch (13 mm) within 10 inches (254 mm) horizon- 
tally of the required landing area. 

(a) 1010.9.1 Curb, rail, wall or barrier. A curb, rail, wall 
or barrier shall be provided that prevents the passage of a 
4-inch-diameter (102 mm) sphere, where any portion of the 
sphere is within 4 inches (102 mm) of the floor or ground 
surface. 

(b) 1010.9.2 Extended floor or ground surface. The floor 
or ground surface of the ramp run or landing shall extend 12 
inches (305 mm) minimum beyond the inside face of a 
handrail complying v^ith paragraph (L)(1012) of this rule. 



(10) 1010.10 Guards. Guards shall be provided where 
required by paragraph (M){1013) of this rule and shall be con- 
structed in accordance with paragraph (M)(1013) of this rule. 



(K) [BISECTION 1011 
EXIT SIGNS 

(1) 1011.1 Where required. Exits and exit access doors shall 
be marked by an approved exit sign readily visible from any 
direction of egress travel. Access to exits shall be marked by 
readily visible exit signs in cases where the exit or the path of 
egress travel is not immediately visible to the occupants. Exit 
sign placement shall be such that no point in a corridor is more 
than 100 feet (30 480 mm) or the listed viewing distance for the 
sign, whichever is less, from the nearest visible exit sign. 

Exceptions: 

1. Exit signs are not required in rooms or areas which 
require only one exit or exit access. 

2. Main exterior exit doors or gates which obviously and 
clearly are identifiable as exits need not have exit 
signs where approved by the fire code official pwr^'M- 
ant to paragraph (A)(l)(1001.1) of this rule. At loca- 
tions or in structures not regulated by the building 
code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administra- 
tive Code, main exterior exit doors or gates which 
obviously and clearly are identifiable as exits need 
not have exit signs where approved by the fire code 
official. 

3. Exit signs are not required in occupancies in Group U 
and individual sleeping units or dwelling units in 
Group R-1, R-2 or R-3. 

4. Exit signs are not required in sleeping room areas in 
occupancies in Group 1-3. 

5. In occupancies in Groups A-4 and A-5 that include 
grandstand seating arrangements, exit signs are not 
required on the seating side of vomitories or openings 
into seating areas where exit signs are provided in the 
concourse that are readily apparent from the vomitor- 
ies. Egress lighting is provided to identify each 
vomitory or opening within the seating area in an 
emergency. 

(2) 1011.2 Illumination. Exit signs shall be internally or exter- 
nally illuminated. 

Exception: Tactile signs required by paragraph 
(K)(3)(1011.3) of this rule need not be provided with illumi- 
nation. 

(3) 1011.3 Tactile exit signs. A tactile sign stating "EXIT" and 
complying with the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 
of the Administrative Code shall be provided adjacent to each 
door to an egress stairway, an exit passageway and the exit dis- 
charge. 

(4) 1011.4 Internally illuminated exit signs. Internally illu- 
minated exit signs shall be listed and labeled and shall be 
installed in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions 
and paragraph (D)(604) of rule 1301:7-7-06 of the Adminis- 
trative Code. Exit signs shall be illuminated at all times. 



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(5) 1011.5 Externally illuminated exit signs. Externally illu- 
minated exit signs shall comply with paragraphs 
(K)(5)(a)(1011.5.1) to (K)(5)(c)(101 1.5.3) of this rule. 

(a) 1011.5.1 Graphics. Every exit sign and directional exit 
sign shall have plainly legible letters not less than 6 inches 
(152 mm) high with the principal strokes of the letters not 
less than 0.75 inch (19.1 mm) wide. The word "EXIT" shall 
have letters having a width not less than 2 inches (51 mm) 
wide except the letter "I," and the minimum spacing 
between letters shall not be less than 0.375 inch (9.5 mm). 
Signs larger than the minimum established in this para- 
graph shall have letter widths, strokes and spacing in pro- 
portion to their height. 

The word "EXIT" shall be in high contrast with the back- 
ground and shall be clearly discernible when the means of 
exit sign illumination means is or is not energized. If a chev- 
ron directional indicator is provided as part of the exit sign, 
the construction shall be such that the direction of the chev- 
ron directional indicator cannot be readily changed. 

(b) 1011.5.3 Power source. Exit signs shall be illuminated 
at all times. To ensure continued illumination for a duration 
of not less than 90 minutes in case of primary power loss, the 
sign illumination means shall be connected to an emergency 
power system provided from storage batteries, unit equip- 
ment or an on-site generator. The installation of the emer- 
gency power system shall be in accordance with paragraph 
(D)(604) of rule 1301:7-7-06 of the Administrative Code 
and the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the 
Administrative Code. 

Exception: Approved exit sign illumination means that 
provide continuous illumination independent of external 
power sources for a duration of not less than 90 minutes, 
in case of primary power loss, are not required to be con- 
nected to an emergency electrical system. 



(L) [BISECTION 1012 
HANDRAILS 

(1) 1012.1 Where required. Handrails for stairways and 
ramps shall be adequate in strength and attachment in accor- 
dance with Section 1607.7 of the building code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. Handrails required 
for stairways hy paragraph (1)(10)( 1009.10) of this rule shall 
comply with paragraphs (L)(2)( 1012.2) to (L)(8)(1012.8) of 
this rule. Handrails required for ramps by paragraph 
(J)(8)( 1010.8) of this rule shall comply with paragraphs 
(L)(2)( 1012.2) to (L)(7)( 1012.7) of this rule. 

(2) 1012.2 Height. Handrail height, measured above stair tread 
nosings, or finish surface of ramp slope shall be uniform, not 
less than 34 inches (864 mm) and not more than 38 inches (965 
mm). 

(3) 1012.3 Handrail graspability. Handrails with a circular 
cross-section shall have an outside diameter of at least 1 .25 
inches (32 mm) and not greater than 2 inches (5 1 mm) or shall 
provide equivalent graspability. If the handrail is not circular, it 
shall have a perimeter dimension of at least 4 inches (102 mm) 
and not greater than 6.25 inches (160 mm) with a maximum 



cross-section dimension of 2.25 inches (57 mm). Edges shall 
have a minimum radius of 0.01 inch (0.25 mm). 

(4) 1012.4 Continuity. Handrail gripping surfaces shall be 
continuous, without interruption by newel posts or other 
obstructions. 

Exceptions: 

1. Handrails within dwelling units are permitted to be 
interrupted by a newel post at a stair landing. 

2. Within a dwelling unit, the use of a volute, turnout or 
starting easing is allowed on the lowest tread. 

3. Handrail brackets or balusters attached to the bottom 
surface of the handrail that do not project horizontally 
beyond the sides of the handrail within 1.5 inches (38 
mm) of the bottom of the handrail shall not be consid- 
ered to be obstructions and provided further that for 
each 0.5 inch (13 mm) of additional handrail perime- 
ter dimension above 4 inches (102 mm), the vertical 
clearance dimension of 1.5 inches (38 mm) shall be 
permitted to be reduced by 0.125 inch (3 mm). 

(5) 1012.5 Handrail extensions. Handrails shall return to a 
wall, guard or the walking surface or shall be continuous to the 
handrail of an adjacent stair flight or ramp run. At stairways 
where handrails are not continuous between flights, the hand- 
rails shall extend horizontally at least 12 inches (305 mm) 
beyond the top riser and continue to slope for the depth of one 
tread beyond tihe bottom riser. At ramps where handrails are not 
continuous between runs, the handrail shall extend horizon- 
tally above the landing 12 inches (305 mm) minimum beyond 
the top and bottom ramps. 

Exceptions: 

1. Handrails within a dwelling unit that is not 
required to be accessible need extend only from 
the top riser to the bottom riser. 

2. Aisle handrails in Group A occupancies in accor- 
dance with paragraph (Y)(13)(1025.13) of this 
rule. 

(6) 1012.6 Clearance. Clear space between a handrail and a 
wall or other surface shall be a minimum of 1.5 inches (38 
mm). A handrail and a wall or other surface adjacent to the 
handrail shall be free of any sharp or abrasive elements. 

(7) 1012.7 Projections. On ramps, the clear width between 
handrails shall be 36 inches (914 mm) minimum. Projections 
into the required width of stairways and ramps at each handrail 
shall not exceed 4.5 inches (114 mm) at or below the handrail 
height. Projections into the required width shall not be limited 
above the minimum headroom height required in paragraph 
(1)(2)( 1009.2) of this rule. 

(8) 1012.8 Intermediate handrails. Stairways shall have 
intermediate handrails located in such a manner so that all por- 
tions of the stairway width required for egress capacity are 
within 30 inches (762 mm) of a handrail. On monumental 
stairs, handrails shaU be located along the most direct path of 
egress travel. 



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I (M) [BISECTION 1013 

GUARDS 

(1) 1013.1 Where required. Guards shall be located along 
open sided walking surfaces, mezzanines, industrial equip- 

I ment platforms, stairways, ramps and landings that are located 
more than 30 inches (762 mm) above the floor or grade below. 
Guards shall be adequate in strength and attachment in accor- 
dance with Section 1607.7 of the building code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 ofthe Administrative Code. Where glass is used to 
provide a guard or as a portion of the guard system, the guard 
shall also comply with Section 2407 of the building code as 
listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. Guards 
shall also be located along glazed sides of stairways, ramps and 
landings that are located more than 30 inches (762 mm) above 
the floor or grade below where the glazing provided does not 
meet the strength and attachment requirements in Section 
1607.7 ofthe building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 ofthe 
Administrative Code. 

Exception: Guards are not required for the following loca- 
tions: 

1 . On the loading side of loading docks or piers. 

2. On the audience side of stages and raised platforms, 
including steps leading up to the stage and raised plat- 
forms. 

3. On raised stage and platform floor areas such as run- 
ways, ramps and side stages used for entertainment or 
presentations. 

4. At vertical openings in the performance area of stages 
and platforms. 

5. At elevated walking surfaces appurtenant to stages 
and platforms for access to and utilization of special 
lighting or equipment. 

6. Along vehicle service pits not accessible to the public. 

7. In assembly seating where guards in accordance with 
I paragraph (Y)(14)(l 025. 14) of this rule are permitted 

and provided. 

(2) 1013.2 Height. Guards shall form a protective barrier not 
less than 42 inches (1067 mm) high, measured vertically above 
the leading edge ofthe tread, adjacent walking surface or adja- 
cent seatboard. 

Exceptions: 

I 1 . For occupancies in Group R-3, and within individual 

I dwelling units in occupancies in Group R-2 guards 

whose top rail also serves as a handrail shall have a 
height not less than 34 inches (864 mm) and not more 
than 38 inches (965 mm) measured vertically from 
the leading edge of the stair tread nosing. 

2. The height in assembly seating areas shall be in accor- 
I dance with paragraph (Y)(14)(1025. 14) of this rule. 

(3) 1013.3 Opening limitations. Open guards shall have bal- 
usters or ornamental patterns such that a 4 inch diameter (102 
mm) sphere cannot pass through any opening up to a height of 
34 inches (864 mm). From a height of 34 inches (864 mm) to 42 
inches (1067 mm) above the adjacent walking surfaces, a 
sphere 8 inches (203 nrni) in diameter shall not pass. 



Exceptions: 

1 . The triangular openings formed by the riser, tread and 
bottom rail at the open side of a stairway shall be a 
maximum size such that a sphere of 6 inches (152 
mm) in diameter cannot pass through the opening. 

2. At elevated walking surfaces for access to and use of 
electrical, mechanical or plumbing systems or equip- 
ment, guards shall have balusters or be of solid mate- 
rials such that a sphere with a diameter of 21 inches 
(533 mm) cannot pass through any opening. 

3. In areas which are not open to the public within occu- 
pancies in Group 1-3, F, H or S, balusters, horizontal 
intermediate rails or other construction shall not per- 
mit a sphere with a diameter of 21 inches (533 mm) to 
pass through an opening. 

4. In assembly seating areas, guards at the end of aisles 
where they terminate at a fascia of boxes, balconies, 
and galleries shall have balusters or ornamental pat- 
terns such that a 4-inch-diameter (102 mm) sphere 
cannot pass through any opening up to a height of 26 
inches (660 mm). From a height of 26 inches (660 
mm) to 42 inches (1066 mm) above the adjacent 
walking surfaces, a sphere 8 inches (203 mm) in 
diameter shall not pass. 

5 . Within individual dwelling units and sleeping units in 
Group R-2 and R-3 occupancies, openings for 
required guards on the sides of stair treads shall not 
allow a sphere of 4.375 inches (111 mm) to pass 
through. 

(4) 1013.4 Screen porches. Porches and decks which are 
enclosed with insect screening shall be provided with guards 
where the walking surface is located more than 30 inches (762 
nun) above the floor or grade below. 

(5) 1013.5 Mechanical equipment. Guards shall be provided 
where appliances, equipment, fans, roof hatch openings or 
other components that require service are located within 1 feet 
(3048 mm) of a roof edge or open side of a walking surface and 
such edge or open side is located more than 30 inches (762 mm) 
above the floor, roof or grade below. The guard shaU be con- 
structed so as to prevent the passage of a 2 1 -inch-diameter (533 
mm) sphere. The guard shall extend not less than 30 inches 
(762 mm) beyond each end of such appliance, equipment, fan 
or component. 

(6) 1013.6 Roof access. Guards shall be provided where the 
roof hatch opening is located within 10 feet (3048 mm) of a 
roof edge or open side of a walking surface and such edge or 
open side is located more than 30 inches (762 mm) above the 
floor, roof or grade below. The guard shall be constructed so as 
to prevent the passage of a 2 1 -inch-diameter (533 mm) sphere. 



(N) [BISECTION 1014 
EXIT ACCESS 

(1) 1014.1 General. The exit access arrangement shall comply 
'with paragraphs (N)(1014) to (Q)(1017) of this rule and the 
applicable provisions of paragraphs (C)(1003) to (M)(1013) of 
this rule. 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



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(2) 1014.2 Egress through intervening spaces. Egress 
through intervening spaces shall comply with {tds paragraph. 

(a) Egress from a room or space shall not pass through 
adjoining or intervening rooms or areas, except where 
such adjoining rooms or areas are accessory to the area 
served; are not a high-hazard occupancy and provide a 
discernible path of egress travel to an exit. 

Exception: Means of egress are not prohibited 
through adjoining or intervening rooms or spaces 
in a Group H, S or F occupancy when the adjoining 
or intervening rooms or spaces are the same or a 
lesser hazard occupancy group. 

(b) Egress shall not pass through kitchens, storage rooms, 
closets or spaces used for similar purposes. 

Exceptions: 

1. Means of egress are not prohibited through a kitchen 
area serving adjoining rooms constituting part of the 
same dwelling unit or sleeping unit. 

2. Means of egress are not prohibited through stock- 
rooms in Group M occupancies when all of the fol- 
lowing are met: 

2.1. The stock is of the same hazard classification 
as that found in the main retail area; 

2.2. Not more than 50 per cent of the exit access is 
through the stockroom; 

2.3. The stockroom is not subject to locking from 
the egress side; and 

2.4. There is a demarcated, minimum 44-inch- 
wide (1118 mm) aisle defined by full or par- 
tial height fixed walls or similar construction 
that will maintain the required width and lead 
directly from the retail area to the exit without 
obstructions. 

3. An exit access shall not pass through a room that can 
be locked to prevent egress. 

4. Means of egress from dwelling units or sleeping areas 
shall not lead through other sleeping areas, toilet 
room or bathrooms. 

(a) 1014.2.1 Multiple tenants. Where more than one tenant 
occupies any one floor of a building or structure, each tenant 
space, dwelling unit and sleeping unit shall be provided with 
access to the required exits without passing through adja- 
cent tenant spaces, dwelling units and sleeping units. 

Exception: Means of egress shall not be prohibited 
through adjoining tenant space where such rooms or 
spaces occupy less than 10 per cent of the area of the ten- 
ant space through which they pass; are the same or simi- 
lar occupancy group; a discemable path of egress travel 
to an exit is provided; and the means of egress into the 
adjoining space is not subject to locking from the egress 
side. A required means of egress serving the larger tenant 
space shall not pass through the smaller tenant space or 
spaces. 



(b) 1014.2.2 Group 1-2. Habitable rooms or suites in Group 
1-2 occupancies shall have an exit access door leading 
directly to an exit access corridor. 

Exceptions: 

1 . Rooms with exit doors opening directly to the out- 
side at ground level. 

2. Patient sleeping rooms shall be permitted to have 
one intervening room if the intervening room is 
not used as an exit access for more than eight 
patient beds. 

3. Special nursing suites shall be permitted to have 
one intervening room where the arrangement 
allows for direct and constant visual supervision 
by nursing persoimel. 

4. For rooms other than patient sleeping rooms 
located within a suite, exit access travel from 
within the suite shall be permitted through one 
intervening room where the fravel distance to the 
exit access door is not greater than 100 feet (30 480 
mm). 

5. For rooms other than patient sleeping rooms 
located within a suite, exit access travel from 
within the suite shall be permitted through two 
intervening rooms where the travel distance to the 
exit access door is not greater than 50 feet (15 240 
mm). 

Suites of sleeping rooms shall not exceed 5,000 square feet 
(465 m^). Suites of rooms, other than patient sleeping rooms, 
shall not exceed 10,000 square feet (929 m^). Any patient 
sleeping room, or any suite that includes patient sleeping 
rooms, of more than 1,000 square feet (93 m^) shall have at 
least two exit access doors remotely located from each other. 
Any room or suite of rooms, other than patient sleeping 
rooms, of more than 2,500 square feet (232 m^) shall have at 
least two access doors remotely located from each other. The 
travel distance between any point in a Group 1-2 occupancy 
and an exit access door in the room shall not exceed 50 feet 
(15 240 mm). The travel distance between any point in a suite 
of sleeping rooms and an exit access door of that suite shall 
not exceed 100 feet (30 480 mm). 

(3) 1014.3 Common path of egress travel. In occupancies 
other than Groups H-1, H-2 and H-3, the common path of 
egress fravel shall not exceed 75 feet (22 860 mm). In occupan- 
cies in Groups H-1, H-2, and H-3, the common path of egress 
fravel shall not exceed 25 feet (7620 mm). For common path of 
egress fravel in Group A occupancies having fixed seating, see 
paragraph (Y)(8)(1025.8) of this rule. 

Exceptions: 

1 . The length of a common path of egress travel in an 
occupancy in Groups B, F and S shall not be more 
than 100 feet (30 480 mm), provided that the buildmg 
is equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler 
system installed in accordance with paragraph 
(C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the 
Administrative Code. 



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2. Where a tenant space in an occupancy in Group B, S 
and U has an occupant load of not more than 30, the 
length of a common path of egress travel shall not be 
more than 100 feet (30 480 mm). 

3 . The length of a common path of egress travel in occu- 
pancies in Group 1-3 shall not be more than 100 feet 
(30 480 mm). 

4. The length of a common path of egress travel in a 
Group R-2 occupancy shall not be more than 125 feet 
(38 100 mm), provided that the building is protected 
throughout witii an approved automatic sprinkler sys- 
tem in accordance with paragraph 
(C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the 
Administrative Code, 

(4) 1014.4 Aisles. Aisles serving aS a portion of the exit access 
in the means of egress system shall comply with the require- 
ments of this paragraph. Aisles shall be provided from all 
occupied portions of the exit access which contain seats, tables, 
furnishings, displays and similar fixtures or equipment. Aisles 
serving assembly areas, other than seating at tables, shall com- 

I ply with paragraph (Y)(1025) of this rule. Aisles serving 
reviewing stands, grandstands and bleachers shaU also comply 

I -wiih paragraph (Y)(1025) of this rule. 

The required width of aisles shall be unobstructed. 

Exception: Doors, when fully opened, and handrails shaU not 
reduce the required width by more than 7 inches (178 mm). 
Doors in any position shall not reduce the required width by 
more than one-half. Other nonstructural projections such as 
trim and similar decorative features are permitted to project 
into the required width 1.5 inches (38 mm) from each side. 

I (a) 1014.4.1 Aisles in Groups B and M. In Group B and M 
occupancies, the minimum clear aisle width shall be deter- 
mined by paragraph (E)(l)( 1005.1) of this rule for the 
occupant load served, but shall not be less than 36 inches 
(914 mm). 

Exception: Nonpubhc aisles serving less than 50 people, 
and not required to be accessible by Chapter 11 of the 
building code as listed in rule! 301 : 7- 7-45 of the Adminis- 
trative Code need not exceed 28 inches (7 1 mm) in width. 

(b) 1014.4.2 Aisle accessways in Group M. An aisle 
access way shall be provided on at least one side of each ele- 
ment within the merchandise pad. The minimum clear 
width for an aisle accessway not required to be accessible 
shall be 30 inches (762 mm). The required clear width of the 
aisle accessway shall be measured perpendicular to the ele- 
ments and merchandise within the merchandise pad. The 
30-inch (762 mm) minimum clear width shall be maintained 
to provide a path to an adjacent aisle or aisle accessway. The 
common path of travel shall not exceed 30 feet (9144 mm) 
from any point in the merchandise pad. 

Exception: For areas serving not more than 50 occu- 
pants, the common path of travel shall not exceed 75 feet 
(22 880 mm). 

(c) 1014.4.3 Seating at tables. Where seating is located at a 
table or counter and is adjacent to an aisle or aisle accessway, 
the measurement of required clear width of the aisle or aisle 



accessway shall be made to a line 19 inches (483 mm) away 
from and parallel to the edge of the table or counter. The 19 
inch (483 mm) distance shall be measured perpendicular to 
the side of the table or counter. In case of other side bound- 
aries for aisles or aisle accessway, the clear width shall be 
measured to walls, edges of seating and tread edges, except 
that handrail projections are permitted. 

Exception: Where tables or counters are served by fixed 
seats, the width of the aisle accessway shall be measured 
from the back of the seat. 

(i) 1014.4.3.1 Aisle accessway for tables and seating. 

Aisle accessways serving arrangements of seating at 
tables or counters shall have sufficient clear width to con- 
form to the capacity requirements of paragraph 
(E)(l)( 1005.1) of this rule, but shall not have less than 
the appropriate minimum clear width specified in para- 
graph (N)(4)(c)(ii)(1014.4.3.2) of this rule. 

(ii) 1014.4.3.2 Table and seating accessway width. Aisle 
accessways shall provide a minimum of 12 inches (305 
mm) of width plus 0.5 inch (12.7 mm) of width for each 
additional 1 foot (305 mm), or fraction thereof, beyond 12 
feet (3658 mm) of aisle accessway length measured from 
the center of the seat farthest from an aisle. 

Exception: Portions of an aisle accessway having a 
length not exceeding 6 feet (1829 mm) and used by a 
total of not more than four persons. 

(iii) 1014.4.3.3 Table and seating aisle accessway 
length. The length of travel along the aisle accessway 
shall not exceed 30 feet (9144 mm) from any seat to the 
point where a person has a choice of two or more paths of 
egress fravel to separate exits. 

(5) 1014.5 Egress balconies. Balconies used for egress pur- 
poses shall conform to the same requirements as corridors for 
width, headroom, dead ends and projections. Exterior balco- 
nies shall be designed to minimize accumulation of snow or ice 
that impedes the means of egress. 

(a) 1014.5.1 Wall separation. Exterior egress balconies 
shall be separated from the interior of the building by walls 
and opening protectives as required for corridors. 

Exception: Separation is not required where the exterior 
egress balcony is served by at least two stairs and a dead 
end travel condition does not require fravel past an 
unprotected opening to reach a stair. 

(b) 1014.5.2 Openness. The long side of an egress balcony 
shall be at least 50 per cent open, and the open area above the 
guards shall be distributed as to minimize the accumulation 
of smoke and toxic gases. 



(O) [BISECTION 1015 I 

EXIT AND EXIT ACCESS DOORWAYS i 

(1) 1015.1 Exit or exit access doorways required. Two exits 
or exit access doorways from any space shall be provided 
where one of the following conditions exists: 

1 . The occupant load of the space exceeds the values in 
Table 1015.1 of this rule. I 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



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MEANS OF EGRESS 



2. The common path of egress travel exceeds the limita- 
tions of paragraph (N)(3)(1014.3) of this rule. 

3. Where required by paragraphs (O)(3)(1015.3), 
(0)(4)( 1015.4) and (0)(5)( 1015.5) of this rule. 

Exception: Group 1-2 occupancies shall comply with para- 
graph (N)(2)(b)( 1014.2.2) of this rule. 

TABLE 1015.1 
SPACES WITH ONE MEANS OF EGRESS 



OCCUPANCY 


MAXIMUM OCCUPANT LOAD 


A, B, E^ F, M, U 


49 


H-1, H-2, H-3 


3 


H-4, H-5, 1-l, 1-3, 1-4, R 


10 


S 


29 



I a. Day care maximum occupant load is 10. 

(a) 1015.1.1 Three or more exits. Access to three or more 
exits shall be provided from a floor area where required by 
I paragraph (S)(l)(1019.1) of this rule. 

(2) 1015.2 Exit or exit access doorway arrangement. 

Required exits shall be located in a manner that makes their 
availability obvious. Exits shall be unobstructed at all times. 
Exits and exit access doorways shall be arranged in accordance 
I ^^ith paragraphs (O)(2)(a)(1015.2.1) and (O)(2)(b)(1015.2.2) 
of this rule. 

(a) 1015.2.1 Two exit or exit access doorways. Where two 
exits or exit access doorways are required from any portion 
of the exit access, the exit doors or exit access doorways 
shall be placed a distance apart equal to not less than 
one-half of the length of the maximum overall diagonal 
dimension of the building or area to be served measured in a 
straight line between exit doors or exit access doorways. 
Interlocking or scissor stairs shall be counted as one exit 
stairway. 

Exceptions: 

1 . Where exit enclosures are provided as a portion of 
the required exit and are interconnected by a 
1-hour fire-resistance-rated corridor conforming 

I to the requirements of paragraph (Q)(l 01 7) of this 

rule, the required exit separation shall be measured 
along the shortest direct line of travel within the 
corridor. 

2. Where a building is equipped throughout with an 
automatic sprinkler system in accordance with 
paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) or 
(C)(3)(a)(ii)(903.3.1.2) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of 
the Administrative Code, the separation distance 
of the exit doors or exit access doorways shall not 
be less than one-third of the length of the maxi- 
mum overall diagonal dimension of the area 
served. 

(b) 1015.2.2 Three or more exits or exit access door- 
ways. Where access to three or more exits is required, at 
least two exit doors or exit access doorways shall be 

I arranged in accordance with the provisions of paragraph 
I (O)(2)(a)(1015.2.1) of this rule. 



(3) 1015.3 Boiler, incinerator and furnace rooms. Two exit 
access doorways are required in boiler, incinerator and fur- 
nace rooms where the area is over 500 square feet (46 m^) and 
any fuel-fired equipment exceeds 400,000 British thermal 
units (Btu) (422 000 KJ) input capacity. Where two exit 
access doorways are required, one is permitted to be a fixed 
ladder or an alternating tread device. Exit access doorways 
shall be separated by a horizontal distance equal to one-half 
the length of the maximum overall diagonal dimension of the 
room. 

(4) 1015.4 Refrigeration machinery rooms,, Machinery 
rooms larger than 1 ,000 square feet (93 m^) shall have not less 
than two exits or exit access doors. Where two exit access 
doorways are required, one such doorway is permitted to be 
served by a fixed ladder or an alternating tread device. Exit 
access doorways shall be separated by a horizontal distance 
equal to one-half the maximum horizontal dimension of 
room. 

All portions of machinery rooms shall be within 150 feet (45 
720 mm) of an exit or exit access doorway. An increase in travel 
distance is permitted in accordance with paragraph 
(P)(l)(1016.1) of this rule. I 

Doors shall swing in the direction of egress travel, regardless 
of the occupant load served. Doors shall be tight fitting and 
self-closing. 

(5) 1015.5 Refrigerated rooms or spaces. Rooms or spaces 
having a floor area of 1,000 square feet (93 m^) or more, con- 
taining a refrigerant evaporator and maintained at a tempera- 
ture below 68°F (20°C), shall have access to not less than two 
exits or exit access doors. 



Travel distance shall be determined as specified in para- 
graph (P)(l)(1016.1) of this rule, but all portions of a refriger- 
ated room or space shall be within 150 feet (45 720 mm) of an 
exit or exit access door where such rooms are not protected by 
an approved automatic sprinkler system. Egress is allowed 
through adjoining refrigerated rooms or spaces. 

Exception: Where using refrigerants in quantities limited 
to the amounts based on the volume set forth in the mechani- 
cal code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative 
Code. 

(6) 1015.6 Stage means of egress. Where two means of 
egress are required, based on the stage size or occupant load, 
one means of egress shall be provided on each side of the 
stage. 

(a) 1015.6.1 Gallery, gridiron and catwalk means of 
egress. The means of egress from lighting and access 
catwalks, galleries and gridirons shall meet the require- 
ments for occupancies in Group F-2. 

Exceptions: 

1. A minimum width of 22 inches (559 mm) is per- 
mitted for lighting and access catwalks. 

2. Spiral stairs shall be permitted in the means of 
egress. 

3. Stairways required by this paragraph need not be 
enclosed. 



154 



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4. Stairways with a minimum width of 22 inches (559 
mm), ladders, or spiral stairs shall be permitted in 
the means of egress. 

5. A second means of egress is not required from 
these areas where a means of escape to a floor or to 
a roof is provided. Ladders, alternating tread 
devices or spiral stairs are permitted in the means 
of escape. 

6. Ladders are permitted in the means of egress. 



(P) [BISECTION 1016 
EXIT ACCESS TRAVEL DISTANCE 

(1) 1016.1 Travel distance limitations. Exits shall be so 
located on each such story that the maximum length of exit 
access travel, measured from the most remote point within a 
story to the entrance to an exit along the natural and unob- 
structed path of egress travel, shall not exceed the distances 
given in Table 1016.1 of this rule. 

Where the path of exit access includes unenclosed stairways 
or ramps within the exit access or includes unenclosed exit 
ramps or stairways as permitted inparagrop/i (T)(l)( 1020.1) of 
this rule, the distance of travel on such means of egress compo- 
nents shall also be included in the travel distance measurement. 
The measurement along stairways shall be made on a plane 
parallel and tangent to the stair tread nosings in the center of the 
stairway. 

Exceptions: 

1. Travel distance in open parking garages is permitted 
to be measured to the closest riser of open stairs. 

2. In outdoor facilities with open exit access compo- 
nents and open exterior stairs or ramps, travel dis- 
tance is permitted to be measured to the closet riser of 
a stair or the closest slope of the ramp. 

3. Where an exit stair is permitted to be unenclosed in 
accordance with Exception 8 or 9 of paragraph 
(T)(l)( 1020.1) of this rule,\he travel distance shall be 
measured from the most remote point within a build- 
ing to an exit discharge. 

(2) 1016.2 Roof vent increase. In buildings which are one 
story in height, equipped with automatic heat and smoke roof 
vents complying with paragraph (J)(910) of rule 
1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code and equipped 
throughout with an automatic sprinkler system in accordance 
with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 
of the Administrative Code, the maximum exit access travel 
distance shall be 400 feet (122 m) for occupancies in Group 
F-lorS. 

(3) 1016.3 Exterior egress balcony increase. Travel dis- 
tances specified in paragraph (P)(lj(1016. 1) of this rule shall 
be increased up to an additional 100 feet (30 480 mm) pro- 
vided the last portion of the exit access leading to the exit 
occurs on an exterior egress balcony constructed in accor- 
dance with paragraph (N)(5)(1014.5) of this rule. The length 
of such balcony shall not be less than the amount of the 
increase taken. 



TABLE 1016.1 
EXIT ACCESS TRAVEL DISTANCE^ 



OCCUPANCY 


WITHOUT SPRINKLER 
SYSTEM (FEET) 


WITH SPRINKLER 
SYSTEM (FEET) 


A,E,F-1,I-1,M,R, S-1 


200 


250" 


B 


200 


300<= 


F-2, S-2, U 


300 


400" 


H-1 


Not permitted 


75<= 


H-2 


Not permitted 


lOO'^ 


H-3 


Not permitted 


150= 


H-4 


Not permitted 


175'= 


H-5 


Not permitted 


200= 


1-2, 1-3, 1-4 


150 


200= 



For SI: 1 foot = 304.8 mm. 

a. See the following sections for modifications to exit access travel distance 
requirements: 

Section 402 of the building code as listed in rule 1301: 7-7-45 of the Admin- 
istrative Code: For the distance limitation in malls. 
Section 404 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Admin- 
istrative Code: For the distance Umitation through an atrium space. 
Paragraph (P)(2)(1016.2) of this rule: For increased limitation in Groups 
F-1 and S-1. 

Paragraph (Y)(7)(1025. 7) of this rule: For increased limitation in assembly 
seating. 

Paragraph (Y)(7)(1025. 7) of this rule: For increased Umitation for assembly 
open-air seating. 

Paragraph (S)(2)(1019.2) of this rule: For buildings with one exit. 
Chapter 31 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Adminis- 
trative Code: For the Umitation for temporary structures. 

b. Buildings equipped throughout witli an automatic sprinkler system in accor- 
dance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) or (C)(3)(a)(ii)(903.3.1.2) of 
rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. See paragraph (C)(903) of 
rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code for occupancies where sprin- 
kler systems in accordance v/iih paragraph (C)(3)(a)(ii)(903.3.1.2) of rule 
1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code are permitted. 

c. Buildings equipped throughout witli an automatic sprinkler system in accor- 
dance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1} of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the 
Administrative Code. 



(Q) [BISECTION 1017 
CORRIDORS 

(1) 1017.1 Construction. Corridors shall be fire-resistance 
rated in accordance with Table 1017. 1 of this rule. The corridor 
walls required to be fire-resistance rated shall comply with 
Section 708 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 
of the Administrative Code for fire partitions. 

Exceptions: 

1 . A fire-resistance rating is not required for corridors in 
an occupancy in Group E where each room that is 
used for instruction has at least one door directly to 
the exterior and rooms for assembly purposes have at 
least one-half of the required means of egress doors 
opening directly to the exterior. Exterior doors speci- 
fied in this exception are required to be at ground 
level. 

2. A fire-resistance rating is not required for corridors 
contained within a dwelling or sleeping unit in an 
occupancy in Group R. 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



155 



MEANS OF EGRESS 



A fire-resistance rating is not required for corridors in 
open parking garages. 

A fire-resistance rating is not required for corridors in 
an occupancy in Group B which is a space requiring 
only a single means of egress complying with para- 
graph (O)(l)(1015.1) of this rule. 

TABLE 1017.1 
CORRIDOR FIRE-RESISTANCE RATING 



OCCUPANCY 


OCCUPANT 
LOAD SERVED 
BY CORRIDOR 


REQUIRED FIRE-RESISTANCE 
RATING (HOURS) 


Without sprinkler 
system 


With sprinkler 
system'^ 


H-l,H-2,H-3 


All 


Not permitted 


1 


H-4, H-5 


Greater than 30 


Not permitted 


1 


A, B, E, F, M, 
S,U 


Greater than 30 


1 





R 


Greater than 10 


1 


0.5 


I-2^ 1-4 


All 


Not permitted 





1-1,1-3 


All 


Not permitted 


1" 



a. For requirements for occupancies in Group 1-2, see Section 407.3 of the 
building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

b. For a reduction in the fire-resistance rating for occupancies in Group 1-3, see 
Section 408.7 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the 
Administrative Code. 

c. Buildings equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system in accor- 
dance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) or (C)(3)(a)(ii)(903.3.1.2) of 
rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administmtive Code where allowed. 

(2) 1017.2 Corridor width. The minimum corridor width shall 
be as determined in paragraph (E)(l)( 1005.1) of this rule, but 
not less than 44 inches (1118 mm). 

Exceptions: 

1 . Twenty-four inches (610 mm)-For access to and utili- 
zation of electrical, mechanical or plumbing systems 
or equipment. 

2. Thirty-six inches (914 mm)-With a required occupant 
capacity of less than 50. 

3. Thirty-six inches (914 mm)- Within a dwelling unit. 

4. Seventy-two inches (1829 mm)-In Group E with a 
corridor having a required capacity of 100 or more. 

5. Seventy-two inches (1829 mm)-In corridors serving 
surgical Group I, health-care centers for ambulatory 
patients receiving outpatient medical care which 
causes the patient to be not capable of self-preserva- 
tion. 

6. Ninety-six inches (2438 nmi)-In Group 1-2 in areas 
where required for bed movement. 

(3) 1017.3 Dead ends. Where more than one exit or exit access 
doorway is required, the exit access shall be arranged such that 
there are no dead ends in corridors more than 20 feet (6096 
mm) in length. 

Exceptions: 

1 . In occupancies in Group 1-3 of Occupancy Condition 
2, 3 or 4 (see paragraph (B)(202) of rule 1301:7-7-02 
of the Administrative Code, definition of Occupancy 



Group 1-3), the dead end in a corridor shall not exceed 
50 feet (15 240 mm). 

2. In occupancies in Groups B and F where the building 
is equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler 
system in accordance with paragraph 
(C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the 
Administrative Code, the length of dead end corridors 
shall not exceed 50 feet (15 240 mm). 

3. A dead-end corridor shaU not be limited in length 
where the length of the dead end corridor is less than 
2.5 times the least width of the dead end corridor. 

(4) 1017.4 Air movement in corridors. Corridors shall not 
serve as supply, return, exhaust, relief or ventilation air ducts. 

Exceptions: 

1 . Use of a corridor as a source of makeup iiir for exhaust 
systems in rooms that open directly onto such corri- 
dors, including toilet rooms, bathrooms, dressing 
rooms, smoking lounges and janitor closets, shall be 
permitted provided that each such corridor is directly 
supplied with outdoor air at a rate greater than the rate 
of makeup air taken from the corridor. 

2. Where located within a dwelling unit, the use of corri- 
dors for conveying return air shall not be prohibited. 

3. Where located within tenant spaces of 1,000 square 
feet (93 m^) or less in area, utilization of corridors as 
return air is permitted. 

(a) 1017.4.1 Corridor ceiling. Use of the space between the 
corridor ceihng and the floor or roof structure above as a 
return air plenum is permitted for one or more of the follow- 
ing conditions: 

(i) The corridor is not required to be of fire-resis- 
tance-rated construction; 

(ii) The corridor is separated from the plenum by fire 
resistance rated construction; 

(Hi) The air-handling system serving the corridor is shut 
down upon activation of the air handling unit smoke 
detectors required by the mechanical code as listed 
in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

(iv) The air-handling system serving the corridor is shut 
down upon detection of sprinkler waterflow where 
the building is equipped throughout with an auto- 
matic sprinkler system; or 

(v) The space between the corridor ceiling and the floor 
or roof structure above the corridor is used as a com- 
ponent of an approved engineered smoke control 
system. 

(5) 1017.5 Corridor continuity. Fire-resistance-rated corri- 
dors shall be continuous from the point of entry to an exit and 
shall not be interrupted by intervening rooms. 

Exception: Foyers, lobbies or reception rooms constructed 
as required for corridors shall not be construed as interven- 
ing rooms. 



156 



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{R) [BISECTION 1018 
EXITS 

(1) 1018.1 General. Exits shall comply with paragraphs 
(R)(1018) to (W)(1023) of this rule and the applicable require- 
ments of paragraphs (C)(1003) to (M)(1013) of this rule. An 
exit shall not be used for any purpose that interferes with its 
function as a means of egress. Once a given level of exit protec- 
tion is achieved, such level of protection shall not be reduced 
until arrival at the exit discharge, 

(2) 1018.2 Exterior exit doors. Buildings or structures used 
for human occupancy shall have at least one exterior door that 
meets the requirements of paragraph (H)(l)(a)(1008.1.1) of 
this rule. 

(a) 1018.2.1 Detailed requirements. Exterior exit doors 
shall comply with the applicable requirements of paragraph 
(H)(l)( 1008.1) of this rule. 

(b) 1018.2,2 Arrangement. Exterior exit doors shall lead 
directly to the exit discharge or the public way. 



(S) [B] SECTION 1019 
NUMBER OF EXITS AND CONTINUITY 

(1) 1019.1 Minimum number of exits. All rooms and spaces 
within each story shall be provided with and have access to the 
minimum number of approved independent exits as required 
by Table 1019.1 of this rule based on the occupant load, except 
as modified in paragraph (O)(l)(1015.1) or (S)(2)( 1019.2} of 
this rule. For the purposes of this rule, occupied roofs shall be 
provided with exits as required for stories. The required num- 
ber of exits from any story, basement or individual space shall 
be maintained until arrival at grade or the public way. 

TABLE 1019.1 
MINIMUM NUMBER OF EXITS FOR OCCUPANT LOAD 



OCCUPANT LOAD 
(persons per story) 


MINIMUM NUMBER OF EXITS 
(per story) 


1-500 


2 


501 - 1,000 


3 


More than 1,000 


4 



(a) 1019.1.1 Parking structures. Parking structures shall 
not have less than two exits iirom each parking tier, except 
that only one exit is required where vehicles are mechani- 
cally parked. Vehicle ramps shall not be considered as 
required exits unless pedestrian facilities are provided. 

(b) 1019.1.2 Helistops. The means of egress from helistops 
shall comply with the provisions of this rule, provided that 
landing areas located on buildings or structures shall have 
two or more exits. For landmg platforms or roof areas less 
than 60 feet (18288 mm) long, or less than 2,000 square feet 
(186 m^) in area, the second means of egress is permitted to 
be a fire escape or ladder leading to the floor below. 

(2) 1019.2 Buildings with one exit. Only one exit shall be 
required in buildings as described below: 

(a) Buildings described in Table 1019.2 of this rule, pro- 
vided that the building has not more than one level 
below the first story above grade plane. 



(b) Buildings of Group R-3 occupancy. 

(c) Single-level buildings with the occupied space at the 
level of exit discharge provided that the story or space 
complies wiihparagraph (O)(l)(1015.1) of this rule as 
a space with one means of egress. 

TABLE 1019.2 
BUILDINGS WITH ONE EXIT 



OCCUPANCY 


MAXIMUM HEIGHT 

OF BUILDING 

ABOVE GRADE 

PLANE 


MAXIMUM OCCUPANTS (OR 

DWELLING UNITS) PER 

FLOOR AND TRAVEL 

DISTANCE 


A, B^ E^ F, M, U 


1 Story 


49 occupants and 75 feet 
travel distance 


H-2, H-3 


1 story 


3 occupants and 25 feet 
travel distance 


H-4, H-5, 1, R 


1 story 


10 occupants and 75 feet 
travel distance 


S^ 


] story 


29 occupants and 100 feet 
travel distance 


B^ F, M, S* 


2 stories 


30 occupants and 75 feet 
travel distance 


R-2 


2 stories'^ 


4 dwelling units and 50 feet 
travel distance 



For SI: 1 foot = 304.8 mm. 

a. For the required number of exits for open parking structures, see paragraph 
(S)(l)(a)(1019J.l) of this rule. I 

b. For the required number of exits for air traffic control towers, see Section 
412.1 of the building code as listed in rule 1301 :7-7-45 of the Administrative 
Code. 

c. Buildings classified as Group R-2 equipped throughout with an automatic 
sprinkler system in accordance with paragraph (C)(3)(a}(i)(903.3.1.1) or 
(C)(3)(a)(iiH903.3.L2) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code and 
provided with emergency escape and rescue openings in accordance with 
paragraph (Z)(1026) of this rule and shall have a maximum height of three | 
stories above grade. 

d. Buildings equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system in accor- 
dance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.I.l) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the 
Administrative Code with an occupancy in Group B shall have a maximum 
travel distance of 100 feet. 

e. Day care maximum occupant load is 10. I 

(3) 1019.3 Exit continuity. Exits shall be continuous from the 
point of entry into the exit to the exit discharge. 

(4) 1019.4 Exit door arrangement. Exit door arrangement 
shall meet the requirements of paragraphs (M)(2)(10I5.2) to \ 
(M)(2)(b)(1015.2.2) of this rule. 



(T) [BISECTION 1020 
VERTICAL EXIT ENCLOSURES 

(1) 1020.1 Enclosures required. Interior exit stairways and 
interior exit ramps shall be enclosed with fire barriers con- 
structed in accordance with Section 706 of the building code as 
listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code or hori- 
zontal assemblies constructed in accordance with Section 711 
of the building code as listedin rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Admin- 
istrative Code, or both. Exit enclosures shall have a fire-resis- 
tance rating of not less than 2 hours where connecting four 
stories or more and not less than 1 hour where connecting less 
than four stories. The nmnber of stories comiected by the exit 
enclosure shall include any basements but not any mezzanines. 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



157 



MEANS OF EGRESS 



An exit enclosure shall not be used for any purpose other than 
means of egress. 

Exceptions: 

1 . In all occupancies, other than Group H and I occupan- 
cies, a stairway serves an occupant load of less than 
10 and the stairway complies with either Item LI or 
1 .2. In all cases, the maximum number of connecting 
open stories shall not exceed two. 

1.1. The stairway is open to not more than one 
story above the story at the level of exit dis- 
charge, or 

1.2. The stairway is open to not more than one 
story below the story at the level of exit dis- 
charge. 

2. Exits in buildings of Group A-5 where all portions of 
the means of egress are essentially open to the outside 
need not be enclosed. 

3. Stairways serving and contained within a single resi- 
dential dweUing unit or sleeping unit in Group R-1, 
R-2 or R-3 occupancies are not required to be enclosed. 

4. Stairways that are not a required means of egress ele- 
ment are not required to be enclosed where such stair- 
ways comply with Section 707.2 of the building code 
as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative 
Code. 

5. Stairways in open parking structures which serve 
only the parking structure are not required to be 
enclosed. 

6. Stairways in occupancies in Group 1-3 as provided for 
in Section 408.3.6 of the building code as listed in 
rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code are not 
required to be enclosed. 

7. Means of egress stairways as required by Section 
410.5.4 of the building code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code are not 
required to be enclosed. 

8. In other than occupancy Groups H and I, a maximum 
of 50 per cent of egress stairways serving one adjacent 
floor are not required to be enclosed, provided at least 
two means of egress are provided from both floors 
served by the unenclosed stairways. Any two such 
interconnected floors shall not be open to other floors. 
Unenclosed exit stairways shall be remotely located 
as required by paragrap/i (O)(2)(1015.2) of this rule. 

9. In other than occupancy Groups H and I, interior 
egress stairways serving only the first and second sto- 
ries of a building equipped throughout with an auto- 
matic sprinkler system in accordance v/ith paragraph 
(C)(3){a)(i)(903J.lJ) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the 
Administrative Code are not required to be enclosed, 
provided at least two means of egress are provided 
from both floors served by the unenclosed stairways. 
Such interconnected stories shall not be open to other 
stories. Unenclosed exit stairways shall be remotely 
located as required by paragraph (Omi015.2} of 
this rule. 



(a) 1020.1.1 Openings and penetrations. Exit enclosure 
opening protectives shall be in accordance with the require- 
ments of Section 715 of the building code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

Except as permitted in Section 402.4.6 of the building 
code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative 
Code, openings in exit enclosures other dian unprotected 
exterior openings shall be limited to those necessary for exit 
access to the enclosure from normally occupied spaces and 
for egress from the enclosure. 

Where interior exit enclosures are extended to the exte- 
rior of a building by an exit passageway, the door assembly 
from the exit enclosure to the exit passageway shall be pro- 
tected by a fire door conforming to the requirements in Sec- 
tion 715.3 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 
of the Administrative Code. Fire door assemblies in exit 
enclosures shall also comply with Section 715.3.4 of the 
building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Adminis- 
trative Code. 

Elevators shall not open into an exit enclosure. 

(b) 1020.1.2 Penetrations. Penetrations into and openings 
through an exit enclosure are prohibited except for required 
exit doors, equipment and ductwork necessary for inde- 
pendent pressurization, sprinkler piping, standpipes, elec- 
trical raceway for fire department conununication and 
electrical raceway serving the exit enclosure and terminat- 
ing at a steel box not exceeding 16 square inches (O.OlOm^). 
Such penetrations shall be protected in accordance with 
Section 712 of the building code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. There shall be no 
penetrations or communication openings, whether pro- 
tected or not, between adjacent exit enclosures. 

(c) 1020.1.3 Ventilation. Equipment and ductwork for exit 
enclosure ventilation as permitted by paragraph 
(T)(l)(a)( 1020. 1.2) of this rule shaU comply with one of the 
following items: 

(i) Such equipment and ductwork shall be located exte- 
rior to the building and shall be direcdy connected to 
the exit enclosure by ductwork enclosed in con- 
struction as required for shafts. 

(ii) Where such equipment and ductwork is located 
within the exit enclosure, the intake air shaU be 
taken directly from the outdoors and the exhaust air 
shall be discharged directly to the outdoors, or such 
air shall be conveyed through ducts enclosed in con- 
struction as required for shafts. 

(Hi) Where located within the building, such equipment 
and ductwork shall be separated from the remainder 
of the building, including other mechanical equip- 
ment, with construction as required for shafts. 

In each case, openings into the fire-resistance rated con- 
struction shall be limited to those needed for maintenance 
and operation and shall be protected by opening protectives 
in accordance with Section 715 of the building code as 
listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code for 
shaft enclosures. 



158 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



Exit enclosure ventilation systems shall be independent 
of other building ventilation systems. 

(d) 1020.1.4 Exit enclosure exterior walls. Exterior walls 
of a an exit enclosure shall comply with the requirements of 
Section 704 of the building code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code for exterior walls. 
Where nonrated walls or unprotected openings enclose the 
exterior of the stairway and the walls or openings are 
exposed by other parts of the building at an angle of less than 
180 degrees (3.14 rad), the building exterior walls within 10 
feet (3048 mm) horizontally of a nonrated wall or unpro- 
tected opening shall be constructed as required for a mini- 
mum 1-hour fire-resistance rating with Va hour opening 
protectives. This construction shall extend vertically from 
the ground to a point 10 feet (3048 mm) above the topmost 
landing of the stairway or to the roof line, whichever is 
lower. 

(e) 1020.1.5 Discharge identification barrier. A stairway 
in an exit enclosure shall not continue below the level of exit 
discharge unless an approved barrier is provided at the level 
of exit discharge to prevent persons from unintentionally 
continuing into levels below. Directional exit signs shall be 
provided as specified in paragraph (K)(1011) of this rule. 

(f) 1020.1.6 Stairway floor number signs. A sign shall be 
provided at each floor landing in interior exit enclosures 
connecting more than three stories designating the floor 
level, the terminus of the top and bottom of the stair enclo- 
sure and the identification of the stair. The signage shall also 
state the story of, and the direction to the exit discharge and 
the availability of roof access from the stairway for the fire 
department. The sign shall be located 5 feet (1524 mm) 
above the floor landing in a position which is readily visible 
when the doors are in the open and closed positions. 

(g) 1020.1.7 Smokeproof enclosures. In buildings required 
to comply with Section 403 or 405 of the building code as 
listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code each 
of the exits of a building which serves stories where the floor 
surface is located more than 75 feet (22 860 mm) above the 
lowest level of fire department vehicle access or more than 
30 feet (9 144 mm) below the level of exit discharge serving 
such floor levels shall be a smokeproof enclosure or pres- 
surized stairway in accordance with Section 909.20 of the 
building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Adminis- 
trative Code. 

(i) 1020.1.7.1 Enclosure exit. A smokeproof enclosure 
or pressurized stairway shall exit into a public way or 
into an exit passageway, yard, or open space having 
direct access to a public way. The exit passageway shall 
be without other openings and shall be separated from 
the remainder of the building by 2-hour fire-resistance 
rated construction. 

Exceptions: 

1. Openings in the exit passageway serving a 
smokeproof enclosure are permitted where the 
exit passageway is protected and pressurized in 
the same manner as the smokeproof enclosure. 



MEANS OF EGRESS 



and openings are protected as required for 
access from other floors. 

2. Openings in the exit passageway serving a pres- 
surized stairway are permitted where the exit 
passageway is protected and pressurized in the 
same manner as the pressurized stairway. 

3. A smokeproof enclosure or pressurized stair- 
way shall be permitted to egress through areas 
on the level of discharge or vestibules as per- 
mitted hy paragraph (X)(1024) of this rule. 

(ii) 1020.1.7.2 Enclosure access. Access to the stairway 
within a smokeproof enclosure shall be by way of a vesti- 
bule or an open exterior balcony. 

Exception: Access is not required by way of a vesti- 
bule or exterior balcony for stairways using the pres- 
surization alternative complying with Section 
909.20.5 of the building code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 



(U) [BISECTION 1021 
EXIT PASSAGEWAYS 

(1) 1021.1 Exit passageway. Exit passageways serving as an 
exit component in a means of egress system shall comply with 
the requirements of this paragraph. An exit passageway shall 
not be used for any purpose other than as a means of egress. 

(2) 1021.2 Width. The width of exit passageways shall be 
determined as specified in paragraph (E)(l)( 1005.1) of this 
rule but such width shall not be less than 44 inches (1118 mm), 
except that exit passageways serving an occupant load of less 
than 50 shall not be less than 36 inches (914 mm) in width. 

The required width of exit passageways shall be unob- 
structed. 

Exception: Doors, when fully opened, and handrails shall 
not reduce the required width by more than 7 inches (178 
nrni). Doors in any position shall not reduce the required 
width by more than one-half. Other nonstructural projec- 
tions such as trim and similar decorative features are permit- 
ted to project into the required width 1 .5 inches (38 mm) on 
each side. 

(3) 1021.3 Construction. Exit passageway enclosures shall 
have walls, floors and ceilings of not less than 1 -hour fire-resis- 
tance rating, and not less than that required for any connecting 
exit enclosure. Exit passageways shall be constructed as fire 
barriers in accordance with Section 706 of the building code as 
listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

(4) 1021.4 Openings and penetrations. Exit enclosure open- 
ing protectives shall be in accordance with the requirements of 
Section 715 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 
of the Administrative Code. 

Except as permitted in Section 402.4.6 of the building code 
as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code, open- 
ings in exit enclosures other than unexposed exterior openings 
shall be limited to those necessary for exit access to the enclo- 
sure from normally occupied spaces and for egress from the 
enclosure. 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



159 



MEANS OF EGRESS 



Where interior exit enclosures are extended to the exterior of 
a building by an exit passageway, the door assembly from the 
exit enclosure to the exit passageway shall be protected by a fire 
door conforming to the requirements in Section 715.3 of the 
building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administra- 
tive Code. Fire door assemblies in exit enclosures shall also 
comply with Section 715.3.4 of the building code as listed in 
rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

Elevators shall not open into an exit passageway. 

(5) 1021.5 Penetrations. Penetrations into and openings 
through an exit enclosure are prohibited except for required 
exit doors, equipment and ductwork necessary for independent 
pressurization, sprinkler piping, standpipes, electrical raceway 
for fire department communication and electrical raceway 
serving the exit enclosure and terminating at a steel box not 
exceeding 16 square inches (0.010 m^). Such penetrations shall 
be protected in accordance with Section 712 of the building 
code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 
There shall be no penetrations or communicating openings, 
whether protected or not, between adj acent exit passageways. 



(V) [BISECTION 1022 
HORIZONTAL EXITS 

(1) 1022.1 Horizontal exits. Horizontal exits serving as an exit 
in a means of egress system shall comply with the requirements 
of thh paragraph. A horizontal exit shall not serve as the only 
exit from a portion of a building, and where two or more exits 
are required, not more than one-half of the total number of exits 
or total exit width shall be horizontal exits. 

Exceptions: 

1. Horizontal exits are permitted to comprise two-thirds 
of the required exits from any building or floor area 
for occupancies in Group 1-2. 

2. Horizontal exits are permitted to comprise 100 per 
cent of the exits required for occupancies in Group 
1-3. At least 6 square feet (0.6 m^) of accessible space 
per occupant shall be provided on each side of the hor- 
izontal exit for the total number of people in adjoining 
compartments. 

Every fire compartment for which credit is allowed in con- 
nection with a horizontal exit shall not be required to have a 
stairway or door leading directly outside, provided the adjoin- 
ing fire compartments have stairways or doors leading directly 
outside and are so arranged that egress shall not require the 
occupants to return through the compartment from which 
egress originates. 

The area into which a horizontal exit leads shall be provided 
with exits adequate to meet the occupant requirements of this 
rule, but not including the added occupant capacity imposed by 
persons entering it through horizontal exits from anotiier area. 
At least one of its exits shall lead directly to the exterior or to an 
exit enclosure. 

(2) 1022.2 Separation. The separation between buildings or 
areas of refuge comiected by a horizontal exit shall be provided 
by a fire wall complying with Section 705 of the building code 
as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code or a 



fire barrier comply with Section 706 of the building code as 
listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code and hav- 
ing a fire-resistance rating of not less than 2 hours. Opening 
protectives in horizontal exit walls shall also comply with Sec- 
tion 715 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of 
the Administrative Code. The horizontal exit separation shall 
extend vertically through all levels of the building unless floor 
assemblies have a fire-resistance rating of not less than 2 hours 
with no unprotected openings. 

Exception: A fire-resistance rating is not required at hori- 
zontal exits between a building area and an above-grade 
pedestrian walkway constructed in accordance with Section 
3104 of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of 
the Administrative Code, provided that the distance between 
connected buildings is more than 20 feet (6096 mm). 

Horizontal exit walls constructed as fire barriers shall be 
continuous fi-om exterior wall to exterior wall so as to divide 
completely the floor served by the horizontal exit. 

(3) 1022.3 Opening protectives. Fire doors in horizontal exits 
shall be self-closing or automatic-closing when activated by a 
smoke detector installed in accordance with Section 715.4.7.3 
of the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Admin- 
istrative Code. Doors, where located in a cross-corridor condi- 
tion shall be automatic-closing by activation of a smoke 
detector installed in accordance with Section 715.4.7.3 of the 
building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administra- 
tive Code. 

(4) 1022.4 Capacity of refuge area. The refuge area of a hori- 
zontal exit shall be a space occupied by the same tenant or a 
public area and each such refuge area shall be adequate to 
accommodate the original occupant load of the refuge area plus 
the occupant load anticipated from the adjoining compartment. 
The anticipated occupant load from the adjoining compartment 
shall be based on the capacity of the horizontal exit doors enter- 
ing the refiige area. The capacity of the refuge area shall be 
computed based on a net floor area allowance of 3 square feet 
(0.2787 m^) for each occupant to be accommodated therein. 

Exceptions: The net floor area allowable per occupant shall 
be as follows for the indicated occupancies. 

1 . Six square feet (0.6 m^) per occupant for occupancies 
in Group 1-3. 

2. Fifteen square feet (1.4 m^) per occupant for ambula- 
tory occupancies in Group 1-2. 

3. Thirty square feet (2.8 m^) per occupant for 
nonambulatory occupancies in Group 1-2. 



(W) [BISECTION 1023 
EXTERIOR EXIT RAMPS AND STAIRWAYS 

(1) 1023.1 Exterior exit ramps and stairways. Exterior exit 
ramps and stairways serving as an element of a required means 
of egress shall comply with this paragraph. 

Exception: Exterior exit ramps and stairways for outdoor 
stadiums complying with paragraph (S)(l)(1019.1), 
Exception 2 of this rule. 



160 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



MEANS OF EGRESS 



(2) 1023.2 Use in a means of egress. Exterior exit ramps and 
stairways shall not be used as an element of a required means of 
egress for Group 1-2 occupancies. For occupancies in other 
than Group 1-2, exterior exit ramps and stairways shall be per- 
mitted as an element of a required means of egress for buildings 
not exceeding six stories above grade plane or having occupied 
floors more than 75 feet (22 860 mm) above the lowest level of 
fire department vehicle access. 

(3) 1023.3 Open side. Exterior exit ramps and stairways serv- 
ing as an element of a required means of egress shall be open on 
at least one side. An open side shall have a minimum of 35 
square feet (3.3 m^) of aggregate open area adjacent to each 
floor level and the level of each intermediate landing. The 
required open area shall be located not less than 42 inches 
(1067 mm) above the adjacent floor or landing level. 

(4) 1023.4 Side yards. The open areas adjoining exterior exit 
ramps and stairways shall be either yards, courts or public 
ways; the remaining sides are permitted to be enclosed by the 
exterior walls of the building. 

(5) 1023.5 Location. Exterior exit ramps and stairways shall be 
located in accordance v^ith paragraph (W)(3)( 1023.3) of this 
rule. 

(6) 1023.6 Exterior ramps and stairway protection. Exterior 
exit ramps and stairways shall be separated from the interior of 

I the building as required in paragraph (T)(l)( 1020.1) of this 
rule. Openings shall be limited to those necessary for egress 
from normally occupied spaces. 

Exceptions: 

1. Separation from the interior of the building is not 
required for occupancies, other than those in Group 
R- 1 or R-2, in buildings that are no more than two sto- 

j ries above grade plane where the level of exit dis- 

I charge is the first story above grade plane. 

2. Separation from the interior of the building is not 
required where the exterior ramp or stairway is served 
by an exterior ramp and/or balcony that connects two 
remote exterior stairways or other approved exits, 
with a perimeter that is not less than 50 per cent open. 
To be considered open, the opening shall be a mini- 
mum of 50 per cent of the height of the enclosing wall, 
with the top of the openings not less than 7 feet (2 1 34 
mm) above the top of the balcony. 

3. Separation from the interior of the building is not 
required for an exterior ramp or stairway located in a 
building or structure that is permitted to have unen- 
closed interior stairways in accordance with para- 

I graph (T)(l)( 1020.1) of this rule. 

4. Separation from the interior of the building is not 
required for exterior ramps or stairways connected to 
open-ended corridors, provided that Items 4. 1 to 4.4 
are met: 

4. 1 . The building, including corridors and ramps 
and/or stairs, shall be equipped throughout 
with an automatic sprinkler system in accor- 
dance v/i\hparagraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) 



or (C)(3)(a)(ii)(903.3.1.2) of rule 
1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

4.2. The open-ended corridors comply v^'iih para- 
graph (T)(1017) of this rule. I 

4.3. The open-ended corridors are connected on 
each end to an exterior exit ramp or stairway 
complying with paragraph (W)(1023) of this \ 
rule. 

4.4. At any location in an open-ended corridor 
where a change of direction exceeding 45 de- 
grees (0.79 rad) occurs, a clear opening of not 
less than 35 square feet (3.3 m^) or an exterior 
ramp or stairway shall be provided. Where 
clear openings are provided, they shall be lo- 
cated so as to minimize the accumulation of 
smoke or toxic gases. 



(X) [BISECTION 1024 
EXIT DISCHARGE 

(1) 1024.1 General. Exits shall discharge directly to the exte- 
rior of the building. The exit discharge shall be at grade or shall 
provide direct access to grade. The exit discharge shall not 
reenter a building. 

Exceptions: 

1 . A maximum of 50 per cent of the number and capacity 
of the exit enclosures is permitted to egress through 
areas on the level of discharge provided all of the fol- 
lowing are met: 

1.1. Such exit enclosures egress to a fi-ee and un- 
obstructed way to the exterior of the building, 
which way is readily visible and identifiable 
from the point of termination of the exit enclo- 
sure. 

1.2. The entire area of the level of discharge is sep- 
arated from areas below by construction con- 
forming to the fire-resistance rating for the 
exit enclosure. 

1.3. The egress path from the exit enclosure on 
the level of discharge is protected throughout 
by an approved automatic sprinkler system. 
All portions of the level of discharge with ac- 
cess to the egress path shall either be pro- 
tected throughout with an automatic 
sprinkler system installed in accordance with 
paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) or 
(C)(3)(a)(ii)(903.3.1.2) of rule 1301:7-7-09 
of the Administrative Code or separated from 
the egress path in accordance with the re- 
quirements for the enclosure of exits. 

2, A maximum of 50 per cent of the number and capacity 
of the exit enclosures is permitted to egress through a 
vestibule provided all of the following are met: 

2.1. The entire area of the vestibule is separated 
from areas below by construction conforming 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



161 



MEANS OF EGRESS 



to the fire-resistance rating for the exit enclo- 
sure. 

2.2. The depth from the exterior of the building is 
not greater than 10 feet (3048 mm) and the 
length is not greater than 30 feet (9144 mm). 

2.3. The area is separated from the remainder of 
the level of exit discharge by construction 
providing protection at least the equivalent of 
approved wired glass in steel frames. 

2.4. The area is used only for means of egress and 
exits directly to the outside. 

3. Stairways in open parking garages complying with 
I paragraph (T)(l)( 1020.1), Exception 5 of this rule, 

are permitted to egress through the open parking 
garage at the level of exit discharge. 

(2) 1024.2 Exit discharge capacity. The capacity of the exit 
discharge shall be not less than the required discharge capacity 
of the exits being served. 

(3) 1024.3 Exit dischai^e location. Exterior balconies, stair- 
ways and ramps shall be located at least 10 feet (3048 mm) 
from adjacent lot lines and from other buildings on the same lot 
unless the adjacent building exterior walls and openings are 
protected in accordance with Section 704 of the building code 
as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code based 
on fire separation distance. 

(4) 1024.4 Exit discharge components. Exit discharge com- 
ponents shall be sufficiently open to the exterior so as to mini- 
mize the accumulation of smoke and toxic gases. 

(5) 1024.5 Egress courts. Egress courts serving as a portion of 
the exit discharge in the means of egress system shall comply 

I with the requirements of paragraph (X)(1024) of this rule. 

(a) 1024.5.1 Width. The width of egress courts shall be 
determined as specified in paragraph (E)(l)(1005.1) of this 
rule, but such width shall not be less than 44 inches (1118 
I mm), except as specified herein. Egress courts serving 
I Group R-3 and U occupancies shall not be less than 36 
inches (914 mm) in widtii. 

The required width of egress courts shall be unobstructed 
to a height of 7 feet (2134 mm). 

Exception: Doors, when fully opened, and handrails 
shall not reduce the required width by more than 7 inches 
(178 mm). Doors in any position shall not reduce the 
required width by more than one-half. Other 
nonstructural projections such as trim and similar deco- 
rative features are permitted to project into the required 
width 1.5 inches (38 mm) from each side. 

Where an egress court exceeds the minimum required 
width and the width of such egress court is then reduced 
along the path of exit travel, the reduction in width shall be 
gradual. The transition in width shall be affected by a guard 
not less than 36 inches (914 mm) in height and shall not cre- 
ate an angle of more than 30 degrees (0.52 rad) with respect 
to the axis of the egress court along the path of egress travel. 
In no case shall the width of the egress court be less than the 
required minimum. 



(b) 1024.5.2 Construction and openings. Where an egress 
court serving a building or portion thereof is less than 10 
feet (3048 mm) in width, the egress court walls shall have 
not less than 1-hour fire-resistance rated construction for a 
distance of 10 feet (3048 mm) above the floor of the court. 
Openings within such walls shall be protected by opening 
protectives having a fire protection rating of not less than ^/^ 
hour. 

Exceptions: 

1 . Egress courts serving an occupant load of less than 
10. 

2. Egress courts serving Group R-3. 

(6) 1024.6 Access to a public way. The exit discharge shall 
provide a direct and unobstructed access to a public way. 

Exception: Where access to a public way cannot be pro- 
vided, a safe dispersal area shall be provided where all of the 
following are met: 

1. The area shall be of a size to accommodate at least 5 
square feet (0.28 m^) for each person. 

2. The area shall be located on the same lot at least 50 
feet (15 240 mm) away from the building requiring 
egress. 

3. The area shall be permanently maintained and identi- 
fied as a safe dispersal area. 

4. The area shall be provided with a safe and unob- 
structed path of travel from the building. 



(Y) [BISECTION 1025 
ASSEMBLY 

(1) 1025.1 General. Occupancies in Group A which contain 
seats, displays, equipment or other material shall comply with 
this paragraph. 

(a) 1025.1.1 Bleachers. Bleachers, grandstands, and fold- 
ing and telescopic seating shall comply with the ICC 300 as 
listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

(2) 1025.2 Assembly main exit. Group A occupancies that 
have an occupant load of greater than 300 shall be provided 
with a main exit. The main exit shall be of sufficient width to 
accommodate not less than one-half of the occupant load, but 
such width shall not be less than the total required width of all 
means of egress leading to the exit. Where the building is clas- 
sified as a Group A occupancy, the main exit shall front on at 
least one street or an unoccupied space of not less than 10 feet 
(3048 mm) in width that adjoins a street or public way. 

Exception: In assembly occupancies where there is no well 
defined main exit or where multiple main exits are provided, 
exits shall be permitted to be distributed arovmd the perime- 
ter of the building provided that the total width of egress is 
not less than 100 per cent of the required width. 

(3) 1025.3 Assembly other exits. In addition to having access 
to a main exit, each level of an occupancy in Group A having an 
occupant load of greater than 300 shall be provided with addi- 
tional exits that shall provide an egress capacity for at least 



162 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



MEANS OF EGRESS 



one-half of the total occupant load served by that level and 
I comply with paragraph (O)(2)(1015.2) of this rule. 

Exception: In assembly occupancies where there is no well 
defined main exit or where multiple main exits are provided, 
exits shall be permitted to be distributed around the perime- 
ter of the building provided that the total width of egress is 
not less than 100 per cent of the required width. 

(4) 1025.4 Foyers and lobbies. In Group A-1 occupancies, 
where persons are admitted to the building at times when seats 
are not available and are allowed to wait in a lobby or similar 
space, such use of lobby or similar space shall not encroach 
upon the required clear width of the means of egress. Such 
waiting areas shall be separated irom the required means of 
egress by substantial permanent partitions or by fixed rigid rail- 
ings not less than 42 inches (1067 mm) high. Such foyer, if not 
directly connected to a public street by all the main entrances or 
exits, shall have a straight and unobstructed corridor or path of 
travel to every such main entrance or exit. 

(5) 1025.5 Interior balcony and gallery means of egress. For 

I balconies or galleries having a seating capacity of 50 or more 
located in Group A occupancies, at least two means of egress 
shall be provided, one from each side of every balcony or gal- 
lery, with at least one leading directly to an exit. 

(a) 1025.5,1 Enclosure of balcony openings. Interior stair- 
I ways and other vertical openings shallbe enclosed in an exit 
I enclosure as provided in paragraph (T)(})( 1020.1) of this 
rule, except that stairways are permitted to be open between 
the balcony and the main assembly floor in occupancies such 
I as theaters, pl^es of rehgious worship and auditoriums. At 
I least one accessible means of egress is required from a bal- 
cony or gallery level containing accessible seating locations 
in accordance with paragraph (G)(3)( 1007.3) or 
(G)(4)( 1007.4) of this rule. 

(6) 1025.6 Width of means of egress for assembly. The clear 
width of aisles and other means of egress shall comply with 

I paragraph (Y)(6)(a)( 1025. 6.1) of this rule where smoke-pro- 
tected seating is not provided and with paragraph 

I {Y){6){b)( 1025.6.2) or (Y){6)(c)( 1025.6.3) of this rule where 
smoke-protected seating is provided. The clear width shall be 
measured to walls, edges of seating and tread edges except for 
permitted projections. 



(a) 1025,6.1 Without smoke protection. The clear width 
of the means of egress shall provide sufficient capacity in 
accordance with all of the following, as applicable: 

(i) At least 0.3 inch (7.6 mm) of width for each occu- 
pant served shall be provided on stairs having risers 
heights 7 inches (178 mm) or less and tread deptiis 
1 1 inches (279 mm) or greater, measured horizon- 
tally between tread nosing. 

(ii) At least 0.005 inch (0.127 mm) of additional stair 
width for each occupant shall be provided for each 
0.10 inch (2.5 mm) of riser height above 7 inches 
(178 mm). 

(Hi) Where egress requires stair descent, at least 0.075 
inch ( 1 .9 mm) of additional width for each occupant 
shall be provided on those portions of stair width 
having no handrail within a horizontal distance of 
30 inches (762 mm). 

(iv) Ramped means of egress, where slopes are steeper 
than one unit vertical in 12 units horizontal (8-per 
cent slope), shall have at least 0.22 inch (5.6 mm) of 
clear width for each occupant served. Level or 
ramped means of egress, where slopes are not 
steeper than one unit vertical in 12 units horizontal 
(8-per cent slope), shaU have at least 0.20 inch (5.1 
mtm) of clear width for each occupant served. 

(b) 1025.6.2 Smoke-protected seating. The clear width of 
the means of egress for smoke-protected assembly seating 
shall be not less than the occupant load served by the egress 
element multiplied by the appropriate factor in Table 
1025.6.2 of this rule. The total number of seats specified 
shall be lliose within the space exposed to the same 
smoke-protected environment. Interpolation is permitted 
between the specific values shown. A life safety evaluation 
shall be done for a facility utilizing the reduced width 
requirements of Table 1025.6.2 of this rule for smoke-pro- I 
tected assembly seating. 

Exception: For an outdoor smoke-protected assembly 
with an occupant load not greater than 18,000, the clear 
width shall be determined using the factors in paragraph 
(Y)(6)(c)(1025. 6. 3) of this rule. \ 



• 



TABLE 1025.6.2 
WIDTH OF AISLES FOR SMOKE-PROTECTED ASSEMBLY 



TOTAL NUMBER OF SEATS IN THE 

SMOKE-PROTECTED ASSEMBLY 

OCCUPANCY 


INCHES OF CLEAR WIDTH PER SEAT SERVED 


Stiafrs and aisle steps wHh 
handrails within 30 inches 


Stairs and aisle steps without 
handrails within 30 Inches 


Passageways, doorways and ramps 
not steeper than 1 in 10 slope 


Ramps steeper 
than 1 1n 10 slope 


Equal to or less than 5,000 


0.200 


0.250 


0.150 


0.165 


10,000 


0.130 


0.163 


0.100 


O.IIO 


15,000 


0.096 


0.120 


0.070 


0.077 


20,000 


0.076 


0.095 


0.056 


0.062 


Equal to or greater than 25,000 


0.060 


0.075 


0.044 


0.048 



For SI: I inch = 25.4 mm. 



2Q07 OHIO FIRE CODE 



163 



MEANS OF EGRESS 



(i) 1025.6.2.1 Smoke control. Means of egress serving a 
smoke protected assembly seating area shall be provided 
with a smoke control system complying with paragraph 
(I)(909) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code 
or natural ventilation designed to maintain the smoke 
level at least 6 feet (1829 mm) above the floor of the 
means of egress. 

(ii) 1025.6.2.2 Roof height. A smoke-protected assem- 
bly seating area with a roof shall have the lowest portion 
of the roof deck not less than 15 feet (4572 mm) above 
the highest aisle or aisle accessway. 

Exception: A roof canopy in an outdoor stadium 
shall be permitted to be less than 15 feet (4572 mm) 
above the highest aisle or aisle accessway provided 
that there are no objects less than 80 inches (2032 
mm) above the highest aisle or aisle accessway. 

(iii) 1025.6.2.3 Automatic sprinklers. Enclosed areas 
with walls and ceilings in buildings or structure contain- 
ing smoke-protected assembly seating shall be protected 
with an approved automatic sprinkler system in accor- 
dance with paragraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of rule 
1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

Exceptions: 

1. The floor area used for the contests, perfor- 
mances or entertainment provided the roof con- 
struction is more than 50 feet (15 240 mm) 
above the floor level and the use is restricted to 
low fire hazard uses. 

2. Press boxes and storage facilities less than 
1,000 square feet (93 m^) in area. 

3. Outdoor seating facilities where seating and the 
means of egress in the seating area are essen- 
tially open to the outside. 

(c) 1025.6.3 Width of means of egress for outdoor 
smoke-protected assembly. The clear width in inches 
(mm) of aisles and other means of egress shall be not less 
than the total occupant load served by the egress element 
multiplied by 0.08 (2.0 mm) where egress is by aisles and 
stairs and multiplied by 0.06 (1.52 mm) where egress is by 
ramps, corridors, tunnels or vomitories. 

Exception: The clear width in inches (mm) of aisles and 
other means of egress shall be permitted to comply with 
paragraph (Y)(6)(b)( 1025. 6.2} of this rule for the num- 
ber of seats in the outdoor smoke-protected assembly 
where paragraph (Y)(6)(b)( 1025.6.2) of this rule per- 
mits less width. 

(7) 1025.7 Travel distance. Exits and aisles shall be so located 
that the travel distance to an exit door shall not be greater than 
200 feet (60 960 mm) measured along the line of travel in 
nonsprinklered buildings. Travel distance shall not be more 
than 250 feet (76 200 mm) in sprinklered buildings. Where 
aisles are provided for seating, the distance shall be measured 
along the aisles and aisle accessway without travel over or on 
the seats. 



Exceptions: 

1. Smoke-protected assembly seating: The travel dis- 
tance from each seat to the nearest entrance to a 
vomitory or concourse shall not exceed 200 feet (60 
960 nmi). The travel distance from the entrance to the 
vomitory or concourse to a stair, ramp or walk on the 
exterior of the building shall not exceed 200 feet (60 
960 mm). 

2. Open air seating: The travel distance from each seat to 
the building exterior shall not exceed 400 feet (122 
m). The travel distance shall not be limited in facilities 
of Type I or II construction. 

(8) 1025.8 Common path of travel. The common path of 
egress travel shall not exceed 30 feet (9144 mm) from any seat I 
to a point where an occupant has a choice of two paths of egress I 
travel to two exits. 

Exceptions: 

1. For areas serving not more than 50 occupants, the 
common path of egress travel shall not exceed 75 feet I 
(22 860 mm). 

2. For smoke-protected assembly seating, the common 
path of egress travel shall not exceed 50 feet (15 240 | 
mm). 

(a) 1025.8.1 Path through adjacent row. Where one of the 
two paths of travel is across the aisle through a row of seats 
to another aisle, there shall be not more than 24 seats 
between the two aisles, and the minimum clear width 
between rows for the row between the two aisles shall be 12 
inches (305 mm) plus 0.6 inch (15.2 mm) for each addi- 
tional seat above seven in the row between aisles. 

Exception: For smoke-protected assembly seating there 
shall not be more than 40 seats between the two aisles 
and the minimum clear width shall be 12 inches (305 
mm) plus 0.3 inch (7.6 mm) for each additional seat. 

(9) 1025.9 Assembly aisles are required. Every occupied por- I 
tion of any occupancy in Group A which contains seats, tables, 
displays, similar fixtures or equipment shall be provided with 
aisles leading to exits or exit access doorways in accordance 
with this paragraph. Aisle accessways for tables and seating 
shall comply with paragraph (N)(4)(c)(1014.4.3) of this rule. | 

(a) 1025.9.1 Minimum aisle width. The minimum clear 
width of aisles shall be as shown: 

(i) Forty-eight inches (1219 mm) for aisle stairs having 
seating on each side. 

Exception: Thirty-six inches (914 mm) where the 
aisle serves less than 50 seats. | 

(ii) Thirty-six inches (914 mm) for aisle stairs having 
seating on only one side. 

(iii) Twenty-three inches (584 mm) between an aisle 
stair handrail or guard and seating where the aisle is 
subdivided by a handrail. 



164 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



MEANS OF EGRESS 



(iv) Forty-two inches (1067 mm) for level or ramped 
aisles having seating on both sides. 

Exceptions: 

1. Thirty-six inches (914 mm) where aisle 
serves less than 50 seats. 

2. Thirty inches (762 nmi) where aisle does not 
serve more than 14 seats. 

(v) Thirty-six inches (914 mm) for level or ramped 
aisles having seating on only one side. 

Exceptions: 

1. Thirty inches (762 mm) where the aisle 
does not serve more than 14 seats. 

2. Twenty-three inches (584 mm) between 
an aisle stair handrail and seating where 
an aisle does not serve more than five 
rows on one side. 

(b) 1025.9.2 Aisle width. The aisle width shall provide suf- 
ficient egress capacity for the number of persons accommo- 
dated by the catchment area served by the aisle. The 
catchment area served by an aisle is that portion of the total 
space that is served by that section of the aisle. In establish- 
ing catchment areas, the assumption shall be made that there 
is a balanced use of all means of egress, with the number of 
persons in proportion to egress capacity. 

(c) 1025.9.3 Converging aisles. Where aisles converge to 
form a single path of egress travel, the required egress 
capacity of the path shall not be less than the combined 
required capacity of the converging aisles. 

(d) 1025.9.4 Uniform width. Those portions of aisles, 
where egress is possible in either of two directions, shall be 
uniform in required width. 

(e) 1025.9.5 Assembly aisle termination. Each end of an 
aisle shall terminate at cross aisle, foyer, doorway, vomitory 
or concourse having access to an exit. 

Exceptions: 

1. Dead-end aisles shall not be greater than 20 feet 
(6096 mm) in length. 

2. Dead-end aisles longer than 20 feet (6096 mm) are 
permitted where seats beyond the 20 foot (6096 
mm) dead-end aisle are no more than 24 seats from 
another aisle, measured along a row of seats hav- 
ing a minimum clear width of 12 inches (305 mm) 
plus 0.6 inch (15.2 mm) for each additional seat 
above seven in the row. 

3. For smoke-protected assembly seating, the 
dead-end aisle length of vertical aisles shall not 
exceed a distance of 21 rows. 

4. For smoke-protected assembly seating, a longer 
dead-end aisle is permitted where seats beyond the 
21 -row dead-end aisle are not more than 40 seats 
from another aisle, measured along a row of seats 
having an aisle accessway with a minimum clear 
width of 12 inches (305 mm) plus 0.3 inch (7.6 mm) 
for each additional seat above seven in the row. 



(f) 1025.9.6 Assembly aisle obstructions. There shall be 
no obstructions in the required width of aisles except for 
handrails as provided in paragraph (Y)(13)(1025. 13) of this I 
rule. 

(10) 1025.10 Clear width of aisle access ways serving seat- 
ing. Where seating rows have 14 or fewer seats, the minimum 
clear aisle accessway width shall not be less than 12 inches 
(305 mm) measured as the clear horizontal distance from the 
back of the row ahead and the nearest projection of the row 
behind. Where chairs have automatic or self-rising seats, the 
measurement shall be made with seats in the reiised position. 
Where any chair in the row does not have an automatic or 
self-rising seat, the measurements shall be made with the seat 
in the down position. For seats with folding tablet arms, row 
spacing shall be determined with the tablet arm down. 

(a) 1025.10.1 Dual access. For rows of seating served by 
aisles or doorways at both ends, there shall not be more than 
100 seats per row. The minimum clear width of 12 inches 
(305 mm) between rows shall be increased by 0.3 inch (7.6 
mm) for every additional seat beyond 14 seats, but the mini- 
mum clear width is not required to exceed 22 inches (559 
mm). 

Exception: For smoke-protected assembly seating, the 
row length limits for a 12-inch wide (305 nrni) aisle 
accessway, beyond which the aisle accessway minimum 
clear width shall be increased, are in Table 1025.10.1 of \ 
this rule. 

TABLE 1025.10.1 
SMOKE-PROTECTED ASSEMBLY AISLE ACCESSWAYS 



TOTAL NUMBER OF 

SEATS IN THE 

SMOKE-PROTECTED 

ASSEMBLY OCCUPANCY 


MAXIMUM NUMBER OF SEATS PER ROW 

PERMITTED TO HAVE A MINIMUM 12-INCH 

CLEAR WIDTH AISLE ACCESSWAY 


Aisle or doorway at 
both ends of row 


Aisle or doorway at 
one end of row only 


Less than 4,000 


14 


7 


4,000 


15 


7 


7,000 


16 


8 


10,000 


17 


8 


13,000 


18 


9 


16,000 


19 


9 


19,000 


20 


10 


22,000 and greater 


21 


11 



For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm. 

(b) 1025.10.2 Single access. For rows of seating served by 
an aisle or doorway at only one end of the row, the minimum 
clear width of 12 inches (305 mm) between rows shall be 
increased by 0.6 inch (15.2 mm) for every additional seat 
beyond seven seats, but the minimum clear width is not 
required to exceed 22 inches (559 mm). 

Exception: For smoke-protected assembly seating, the row 
length limits for a 12-inch- wide (305 mm) aisle accessway, 
beyond which the aisle accessway minimum clear width 
shall be increased, are in Table 1025. 10. 1 of this rule. \ 

(11) 1025.11 Assembly aisle walking surfaces. Aisles with a 
slope not exceeding one unit vertical in eight units horizontal 
(12.5-percent slope) shallconsistof aramphaving aslip-resis- 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



165 



MEANS OF EGRESS 



tant walking surface. Aisles with a slope exceeding one unit 
vertical in eight units horizontal (12.5-per cent slope) shall 
consist of a series of risers and treads that extend across the full 
width of aisles and complies with paragraphs 
(Y)(ll)(a)(1025.n.l) to (Y)(ll)(c)(1025J1.3) of this rule. 

(a) 1025.11.1 Treads. Tread depths shall be a minimum of 
1 1 inches (279 mm) and shall have dimensional uniformity. 

Exception: The tolerance between adjacent treads shall 
not exceed 0.188 inch (4.8 mm). 

(b) 1025.11.2 Risers. Where the gradient of aisle stairs is to 
be the same as the gradient of adjoining seating areas, the 
riser height shall not be less than 4 inches (102 mm) nor 
more than 8 inches (203 mm) and shall be uniform within 
each flight. 

Exceptions: 

1. Riser height nonumformity shall be limited to the 
extent necessitated by changes to the gradient of the 
adjoining seating area to maintain adequate 
sightlines. Where nonuniformities exceed 0.188 
inch (4.8 mm) between adjacent risers, the exact 
location of such nonuniformities shall be indicated 
with a distinctive marking stripe on each tread at the 
nosing or leading edge adjacent to the nonuniform 
risers. Such stripe shall be a minimum of 1 inch (25 
mm), and a maximum of 2 inches (51 mm) wide. 
The edge marking strip shall be distinctively differ- 
ent from the contrasting marking stripe. 

2. Riser heights not exceeding 9 inches (229 mm) shall 
be permitted where they are necessitated by the slope 
of the adjacent seating areas to maintain sightlines. 

(c) 1025.11.3 Tread contrasting marking stripe. A con- 
trasting marking stripe shall be provided on each tread at the 
nosing or leading edge such that the location of each tread is 
readily apparent when viewed in descent. Such stripe shall 
be a minimum of 1 inch (25 mm), and a maximum of 2 
inches (5 1 mm), wide. 

Exception: The contrasting marking stripe is permitted to 
be omitted where tread surfaces are such that the location 
of each tread is readily apparent when viewed in descent. 

(12) 1025.12 Seat stability. In places of assembly, the seats 
shall be securely fastened to the floor. 

Exceptions: 

1. In places of assembly or portions thereof without 
ramped or tiered floors for seating and with 200 or 
fewer seats, the seats shall not be required to be fas- 
tened to the floor. 

2. In places of assembly or portions thereof with seating 
at tables and without ramped or tiered floors for seat- 
ing, the seats shall not be required to be fastened to the 
floor. 

3. In places of assembly or portions thereof without 
ramped or tiered floors for seating and with greater 
than 200 seats, the seats shall be fastened together in 
groups of not less than three or the seats shall be 
securely fastened to the floor. 



4. In places of assembly where flexibility of the seating 
arrangement is an integral part of the design and func- 
tion of the space and seating is on tiered levels, a max- 
imum of 200 seats shall not be required to be fastened 
to the floor. Plans showing seating, tiers and aisles 
shall be submitted for approval. 

5. Groups of seats within a place of assembly separated 
from other seating by railings, guards, partial height 
walls or similar barriers with level floors and having 
no more than 14 seats per group shall not be required 
to be fastened to the floor. 

6. Seats intended for musicians or other performers and 
separated by railings, guards, partial height walls or 
similar barriers shall not be required to be fastened to 
the floor. 

(13) 1025.13 Handrails. Ramped aisles having a slope 
exceeding one unit vertical in 15 units horizontal (6.7-per cent 
slope) and aisle stairs shall be provided with handrails located 
either at the side or within the aisle width. 

Exceptions: 

1. Handrails are not required for ramped aisles having a 
gradient no greater than one unit vertical in eight units 
horizontal (12.5-per cent slope) and seating on both 
sides. 

2. Handrails are not required if, at the side of the aisle, 
there is a guard that complies with the graspability 
requirements of handrails. 

(a) 1025.13.1 Discontinuous handrails. Where there is seat- 
ing on both sides of the aisle, the handrails shall be discontin- 
uous with gaps or breaks at intervals not exceeding five rows 
to facilitate access to seating and to permit crossing from one 
side of the aisle to the other. These gaps or breaks shall have a 
clear width of at least 22 inches (559 mm) and not greater 
than 36 inches (914 mm), measured horizontally, and the 
handrail shall have rounded terminations or bends. 

(b) 1025.13.2 Intermediate handrails. Where handrails 
are provided in the middle of aisle stairs, there shall be an 
additional intermediate handrail located approximately 12 
inches (305 mm) below the main handrail. 

(14) 1025.14 Assembly guards. Assembly guards shall com- 
ply with paragraphs (Y)( 14)(a)(1025.14.1 ) to 
(Y)(14)(c)(1025J4.3) of this rule. 

(a) 1025.14.1 Cross aisles. Cross aisles located more than 30 
inches (762 mm) above the floor or grade below shall have 
guards in accordance mihparagraph (M)(1013) of this rule. 

Where an elevation change of 30 inches (762 mm) or less 
occurs between a cross aisle and the adjacent floor or grade 
below, guards not less than 26 inches (660 nun) above the 
aisle floor shall be provided. 

Exception: Where the backs of seats on the front of the 
cross aisle project 24 inches (610 mm) or more above the 
adjacent floor of the aisle, a guard need not be provided. 

(b) 1025.14.2 Sightline-constrained guard heights. Unless 
subject to the requirements of paragraph (Y)(14)(c) 
(1025.14.3) of this rule, a fascia or railing system in accor- 



166 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



MEANS OF EGRESS 



dance with the guard requirements of paragraph (M)(1013) 
of this rule and having a minimum height of 26 inches (660 
mm) shall be provided where the floor or footboard elevation is 
more than 30 inches (762 mm) above the floor or grade below 
and the fascia or railing would otherwise interfere with the 
sighdines of immediately adjacent seating. At bleachers, a 
guard must be provided where the floor or footboard elevation 
is more than 24 inches (610 mm) above the floor or grade 
below and the fascia or railing would otherwise interfere with 
the sightlines of the immediately adjacent seating. 

(c) 1025.143 Guards at the end of aisles. A fascia or railing 
system complying with the guard requirements of paragraph 
(MX 1013) of this rule shall be provided for the fiill width of die 
aisle where the foot of the aisle is more than 30 inches (762 
mm) above the floor or grade below. The fascia or railing shall 
be a minimum of 36 inches (914 mm) high and shall provide a 
minimum 42 inches (1067 mm) measured diagonally 
between the top of the rail and the nosing of the nearest tread. 

(15) 1025.15 Bench seating. Where bench seating is used, the 
number of persons shall be based on one person for each 18 
inches (457 mm) of length of the bench. 



(Z) [BISECTION 1026 
EMERGENCY ESCAPE AND RESCUE 

(1) 1026.1 General. In addition to the means of egress required by 
this rule, provisions shall be made for emergency escape and res- 
cue in Group R and I-l occupancies. Basements and sleeping 
rooms below the fourth story above grade plane shall have at least 
one exterior emergency escape and rescue opening in accordance 
with thispamgrap/i. Where basements containoneormore sleep- 
ing rooms, emergency egress and rescue openings shall be 
requiredmeachsleepingroom,butshaUnotberequii^madjoin- 
mg areas of the basement. Such openings shall open directly mto a 
pubUc way or to a yard or court that opens to a pubMc way. 

Exceptions: : 

1. In other than Group R-3 occupancies, buildings 
equipped throughout with an approved automatic 
sprinkler system in accordance with paragraph 
(C)(3){a)(i}(903.3.1.1) or (C)(3)(a)(ii)(903.3J.2) of 
rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

2. In other than Group R-3 occupancies, sleeping rooms 
provided with a door to a fire-resistance-rated corridor 
having access to two remote exits in opposite directions. 

3. The emergency escape and rescue opening is permit- 
ted to open onto a balcony within an atrium in accor- 
dance with the requirements of Section 404 of the 
building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the 
Administrative Code, provided the balcony provides 
access to an exit and the dwelling unit or sleeping unit 
has a means of egress that is not open to the atrium. 

4. Basements with a ceiling height of less than 80 inches 
(2032 mm) shall not be required to have emergency 
escape and rescue windows. 

5. High-rise buildings in accordance with Section 403 of 



the building code as listed 
Administrative Code. 



in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the 



6. Emergency escape and rescue openings are not required 
from basements or sleeping rooms that have an exit door 
or exit access door that opens directly into a pubUc way 
or to a yard, court or exterior exit balcony that of^ns to a 
public way. 

7. Basements without habitable spaces and having no 
more than 200 square feet (18.6 square meters) in 
floor area shall not be required to have emergency 
escape windows. 

(2) 1026.2 Minimum size. Emergency escape and rescue 
openings shall have a minimum net clear opening of 5.7 square 
feet (0.53 m^). 

Exception: The minimum net clear opening for emergency 
escape and rescue grade-floor openings shall be 5 square 
feet (0.46 m^). 

(a) 1026.2.1 Minimum dimensions. The minimum net 
clear opening height dimension shall be 24 inches (610 
mm). The minimum net clear opening width dimension 
shall be 20 inches (508 mm). The net clear opening dimen- 
sions shall be the result of normal operation of the opening. 

(3) 1026.3 Maximum height from floor. Emergency escape 
and rescue openings shall have the bottom of the clear opening 
not greater than 44 inches (118 mm) measured from the floor. 

(4) 1026.4 Operational constraints. Emergency escape and 
rescue openings shall be operational from the inside of the 
room without the use of keys or tools. Bars, grilles, grates or 
similar devices are permitted to be placed over emergency 
escape and rescue openings provided the minimum net clear 
opening size complies v/ith paragraph (Z)(2}(1026.2) of this I 
rule and such devices shall be releasable or removable from the 
inside without the use of a key, tool or force greater than that 
which is required for normal operation of the escape and rescue 
opening. Where such bars, grilles, grates or similar devices are 
installed in existing buildings, smoke alarms shall be installed 
in accordance with paragraph (G)(2)(j)(907.2.10) of rule 
1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Co^/e regardless of the valu- 
ation of the alteration. 

(5) 1026.5 Window wells. An emergency escape and rescue 
opening with a finished sill height below the adjacent ground 
level shall be provided with a window well in accordance with 
paragraphs (Z)(5)(a)(1026.5.1) and (Z)(5)(b)( 1026.5. 2) of this \ 
rule. 

(a) 1026.5.1 Minimum size. The minimum horizontal area 
of the window well shall be 9 square feet (0.84 m^), with a 
minimum dimension of 36 inches (914 mm). The area of the 
window well shall allow the emergency escape and rescue 
opening to be fully opened. 

(b) 1026.5.2 Ladders or steps. Window wells with a verti- 
cal depth of more than 44 inches (1118 mm) shall be 
equipped with an approved permanently affixed ladder or 
steps. Ladders or rungs shall have an inside width of at least 
12 inches (305 mm), shall project at least 3 inches (76 mm) 
from the wall and shall be spaced not more than 18 inches 
(457 mm) on center (o.c.) vertically for the full height of the 
window well. The ladder or steps shall not encroach into the 
required dimensions of the window well by more than 6 
inches (152 nrni) . The ladder or steps shall not be obstructed 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



167 



MEANS OF EGRESS 



by the emergency escape and rescue opening. Ladders or 
steps required by this paragraph are exempt from the stair- 
way requirements of paragraph (I)(1009) of this rule. 



(AA) SECTION 1027 
MEANS OF EGRESS FOR EXISTING BUILDINGS 

(1) 1027.1 General. Means of egress in existing buildings shall 
I I comply mih paragraphs (C)(1003) to (Z)(1026) of this rule, 

I except as amended in paragraph (AA)(1027) of this rule. 

Exception: Means of egress conforming to the require- 
ments of the building code under which they are constructed 
shall be considered as complying means of egress if, in the 
opinion of the fire code official, tiiey do not constitute a dis- 
tinct hazard to life. 

(2) 1027.2 Elevators, escalators and moving walks. Eleva- 
tors, escalators and moving walks shall not be used as a compo- 
nent for a required means of egress. 

Exceptions: 

1 . Elevators used as an accessible means of egress where 
allowed by paragraph (G)(4)( 1007.4) of this rule. 

2. Previously approved escalators and moving walks in 
existing buildings. 

(3) 1027.3 Exit sign illumination. Exit signs shall be inter- 
nally or externally illuminated. The face of an exit sign illumi- 
nated from an external source, shall have an intensity of not less 
than 5 foot-candles (54 lux). Internally illuminated signs shall 
provide equivalent luminance and be listed for the purpose. 

Exception: Approved self-luminous signs that provide 
evenly illuminated letters shall have a minimum luminance 
of 0.06 foot lamberts (0.21 cd/m^). 

(4) 1027.4 Power source. Where emergency illumination is 
I required in paragraph (AA)(5}(1027.5) of this rule, exit signs 

shall be visible under emergency illumination conditions. 

Exception: Approved signs that provide continuous illumi- 
nation independent of external power sources are not 
required to be connected to an emergency electrical system. 

(5) 1027.5 Illumination emergency power. The power supply 
for means of egress illumination shall normally be provided by 
the premises' electrical supply. In the event of power supply 
failure, illumination shall be automatically provided from an 
emergency system for the following occupancies where such 
occupancies require two or more means of egress: 

I (a) Group A having 50 or more occupants. 

Exception: Assembly occupancies used exclusively 
as a place of worship and having an occupant load of 
less than 300. 

(b) Group B buildings three or more stories in height, 
buildings with 100 or more occupants above or below 
the level of exit discharge, or buildings with 1,000 or 
more total occupants. 

(c) Group E in interior stairs, corridors, windowless areas 
with student occupancy, shops and laboratories. 

(d) Group F having more than 100 occupants. 



Exception: Buildings used only during daylight 
hours which are provided with windows for natural 
light in accordance with the building code as listed in 
rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

(e) Group I. 

(f) Group M. 

Exception: Buildings less than 3,000 square feet 
(279 m^) in gross sales area on one story only, exclud- 
ing mezzanines. 

(g) Group R-1. 

Exception: Where each guestroom has direct access 
to the outside of the building at grade. 

(h) Group R-2. | 

Exception: Where each living unit has direct access 
to the outside of the building at grade. 

(i) Group R-4. 

Exception: Where each sleeping room has direct 
access to the outside of the building at ground level. 

The emergency power system shall provide power for not 
less than 60 minutes and consist of storage batteries, unit 
equipment or an on-site generator. The installation of the emer- 
gency power system shall be in accordance with paragraph 
(D)(604) of rule 1301:7-7-06 of the Administrative Code. 

(6) 1027.6 Guards. Guards complying with this paragraph 
shall be provided at the open sides of means of egress that are 
more than 30 inches (762 mm) above the floor or grade below. 

(a) 1027.6.1 Height of guards. Guards shall form a protec- 
tive barrier not less than 42 inches (1067 mm) high. 

Exceptions: 

1. Existing guards on the open side of stairs shall be 
not less than 30 inches (760 mm) high. 

2. Existing guards within dwelling units shall be not 
less than 36 inches (910 mm) high. 

3. Existing guards in assembly seating areas. 

(b) 1027.6.2 Opening limitations. Open gu^irds shall have 
balusters or ornamental patterns such that a 6~inch diameter 
(152 mm) sphere cannot pass through any opening up to a 
height of 34 inches (864 mm). 

Exceptions: 

1 . At elevated walking surfaces for access to, and use 
of electrical, mechanical or plumbing systems or 
equipment, guards shall have balusters or be of 
solid materials such that a sphere with a diameter 
of 21 inches (533 mm) cannot pass through any 
opening. 

2. In occupancies in Group 1-3, F, H or S, the clear 
distance between intermediate rails measured at 
right angles to the rails shall not exceed 21 inches 
(533 mm). 

3. Approved existing open guards. 

(7) 1027.7 Size of doors. The minimum width of each door 
opening shall be sufficient for the occupant load thereof and 



168 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



MEANS OF EGRESS 



shall provide a clear width of not less than 28 inches (711 mm). 
Where this paragraph requires a minimum clear width of 28 
inches (711 nmi) and a door opening includes two door leaves 
without a muUion, one leaf shall provide a clear opening width of 
28 inches (711 mm). The maximum width of a swinging door leaf 
shall be 48 inches (1219 mm) nominal. Means of egress doors in 
an occupancy in Group 1-2 used for the movement of beds shall 
provide a clear width not less than 41.5 inches (1054 mm). The 
height of doors shall not be less than 80 inches (2032 mm). 

Exceptions: 

1 . The minimum and maximum width shall not apply to 
door openings that are not part of the required means 
of egress in occupancies in Groups R-2 and R-3. 

2. Door openings to storage closets less than 10 square 
feet (0.93 m^) in area shall not be limited by the mini- 
mum width. 

3. Width of door leafs in revolving doors that comply 
with paragraph (H)(l)(c)(i)( 1008.1.3.1) of this rule 
shall not be limited. 

4. Door openings within a dwelling unit shall not be less 
than 78 inches (1981 mm) in height. 

5. Exterior door openings in dwelling units, other than 
the required exit door, shall not be less than 76 inches 
(1930 mm) in height. 

6. Exit access doors serving a room not larger than 70 
square feet (6.5 m^) shall be not less than 24 inches 
(610 nun) in door width. 

(8) 1027.8 Opening force for doors. The opening force for 
interior side-swinging doors without closers shall not exceed a 
5-pound (22 N) force. For other side-swinging, sliding and 
folding doors, the door latch shall release when subjected to a 
force of not more than 15 pounds (66 N). The door shall be set 
in motion when subjected to a force not exceeding a 30-pound 
(133 N) force. The door shall swing to a full-open position 
when subjected to a force of not more than 50 pounds (222 N). 
Forces shall be applied to the latch side. 

(9) 1027.9 Revolving doors. Revolving doors shall comply 
with the following: 

(a) A revolving door shall not be located within 10 feet 
(3048 mm) of the foot or top of stairs or escalators. A 
dispersal area shall be provided between the stairs or 
escalators and the revolving doors. 

(b) The revolutions per minute for a revolving door shall 
not exceed those shown in Table 1027.9 of this rule. 

(c) Each revolving door shall have a conforming 
side-hinged swinging door in the same wall as the 
revolving door and within 10 feet (3048 mm). 

Exceptions: 

1 . A revolving door is permitted to be used with- 
out an adjacent swinging door for street floor 
elevator lobbies provided a stairway, escalator 
or door from other parts of the building does not 
discharge through the lobby and the lobby does 
not have any occupancy or use other than as a 
means of travel between elevators and a street. 



2. Existing revolving doors where the number of 
revolving doors does not exceed the number of 
swinging doors within 20 feet (6096 mm). 

TABLE 1027.9 
REVOLVING DOOR SPEEDS 



INSIDE 
DIAMETER 


POWER-DRIVEN-TYPE 
SPEED CONTROL (RPM) 


MANUAL-TYPE SPEED 
CONTROL (RPM) 


6'6" 


11 


12 


7'0" 


10 


11 


7'6" 


9 


11 


8'0" 


9 


10 


8'6" 


8 


9 


9'0" 


8 


9 


9'6" 


7 


8 


lO'O" 


7 


8 



For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm. 

(a) 1027.9.1 Egress component. A revolving door used as a 
component of a means of egress shall comply with para- 
graph (AA)(9)( 1027.9) of this rule and all of the following 
conditions: 

(a) Revolving doors shall not be given credit for more 
than 50 per cent of the required egress capacity. 

(b) Each revolving door shall be credited with not more 
than a 50 person capacity. 

(c) Revolving doors shall be capable of being collapsed 
when a force of not more than 1 30 pounds (578 N) is 
applied within 3 inches (76 mm) of the outer edge of 
awing. 

(10) 1027.10 Stair dimensions for existing stairs. Existing 
stairs in buildings shall be permitted to remain if the rise does 
not exceed 8.25 inches (210 mm) and the run is not less than 9 
inches (229 mm). Existing stairs can be rebuilt. 

Exception: Other stairs approved by the fire code official 
pursuant to paragraph (A)(l)( 1001.1) of this rule. At loca- 
tions or in structures not regulated by the building code as 
listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code, the 
stairs shall be approved by the fire code official. 

(a) 1027.10.1 Stair dimensions for replacement stairs. The 

replacement of an existing stairway in a structure shall not be 
required to comply with the new stairway requirements of 
paragraph (I)(1009) of this rule where the existing space and 
construction will not allow a reduction in pitch or slope. 

(11) 1027.11 Winders. Existing winders shall be allowed to 
remain in use if they have a minimum tread depth of 6 inches 
(152 mm) and a minimum tread depth of 9 inches (229 mm) at a 
point 12 inches (305 mm) from the narrowest edge. 

(12) 1027.12 Circular stairways. Existing circular stairs shall 
be allowed to continue in use provided the minimum depth of 
tread is 10 inches (254 mm) and the smallest radius shall not be 
less than twice the width of the stairway. 

(13) 1027.13 Stairway handrails. Stairways shall have hand- 
rails on at least one side. Handrails shall be located so that all 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



169 



MEANS OF EGRESS 



portions of the stairway width required for egress capacity are 
within 44 inches (1118 mm) of a handrail. 

Exception: Aisle stairs provided with a center handrails are 
not required to have additional handrails. 

(a) 1027.13.1 Height. Handrail height, measured above 
stair tread nosings, shall be uniform, not less than 30 inches 
(762 mm) and not more than 42 inches (1067 mm). 

(14) 1027.14 Slope of ramps. Ramp runs utilized as part of a 
means of egress shall have a running slope not steeper than one 
unit vertical in ten units horizontal (10-per cent slope). The 
slope of other ramps shall not be steeper than one unit vertical 
in eight units horizontal (12.5-per cent slope). 

(15) 1027.15 Width of ramps. Existing ramps are permitted to 
have a minimum width of 30 inches (762 mm) but not less than 
the width required for the number of occupants served as deter- 
mined by paragraph (E)(l)( 1005.1) of this rule. 

(16) 1027.16 Fire escape stairs. Fire escape stairs shall com- 
ply with paragraphs (AA)(16)(a)(1027.16.1 ) to 
(AA)(16)(g)(1027.16.7) of this rule. 

(a) 1027.16.1 Existing means of egress. Fire escape stairs 
shall be permitted in existing buildings but shall not consti- 
tute more than 50 per cent of the required exit capacity. 

(b) 1027.16.2 Protection of openings. Openings within 10 
feet (3048 mm) of fire escape stairs shall be protected by fire 
door assemblies having a minimum ^-hour fire-resistance 
rating. 

Exception: In buildings equipped throughout with an 
approved automatic sprinkler system, opening protec- 
tion is not required. 

(c) 1027.16.3 Dimensions. Fire escape stairs shall meet the 
minimum width, capacity, riser height and tread depth as 
specified in paragraph (AA)(10)( 1027.10) of this rule. 

(d) 1027.16.4 Access. Access to a fire escape from a corri- 
dor shall not be through an intervening room. Access to a 
fire escape stair shall be from a door or window meeting the 
criteria of Table 1005.1 of this rule. Access to a fire escape 
stair shall be directly to a balcony, landing or platform. 
These shall be no higher than the floor or window sill level 
and no lower than 8 inches (203 mm) below the floor level or 
1 8 inches (457 nmi) below the window sill. 

(e) 1027.16.5 Materials and strength. Components of fire 
escape stairs shaU be constructed of noncombustible materi- 
als. 

Fire escape stairs and balconies shall support the dead 
load plus a live load of not less than 100 pounds per square 
foot (4.78 kN/m^). Fire escape stairs and balconies shall be 
provided with a top and intermediate handrail on each side. 

The fire code official is authorized to require testing or 
other satisfactory evidence that an existing fire escape stair 
meets the requirements of this paragraph. 

(f) 1027.16.6 Termination. The lowest balcony shall not be 
more than 18 feet (5486 mm) from the ground. Fire escape 



stairs shall extend to the ground or be provided with coun- 
ter-balanced stairs reaching the ground. 

Exception: For fire escape stairs serving 10 or fewer 
occupants, an approved fire escape ladder is allowed to 
serve as the termination for a fire escape stairs. 

(g) 1027.16.7 Maintenance. Fire escapes shall be kept clear 
and unobstructed at all times and shall be maintained in 
good working order. 

(17) 1027.17 Corridors. Corridors serving an occupant load 
greater than 30 and the openings therein shall provide an effec- 
tive barrier to resist the movement of smoke. Transoms, lou- 
vers, doors and other openings shall be closed or be 
self-closing. 

Exceptions: 

1. Corridors in occupancies other than Group H, which 
are equipped throughout with an approved automatic 
sprinkler system. 

2. Patient room doors in corridors in occupancies in 
Group 1-2 where smoke barriers are provided in 
accordance with the building code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

3. Corridors in occupancies in Group E where each 
room utiUzed for instruction or assembly has at least 
one-half of the required means of egress doors open- 
ing directly to the exterior of the building at ground 
level. 

4. Corridors that are in accordance with the building 
code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administra- 
tive Code. 

(a) 1027.17.1 Corridor openings. Openings in corridor 
waUs shall comply with the requirements of the building code 
as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

Exceptions: 

1. Where 20-minute fire assemblies are required, 
solid wood doors at least 1.75 inches (44 mm) 
thick or insulated steel doors are permitted. 

2. Openings protected with fixed wire glass set in 
steel frames. 

3. Openings covered with 0.5 inch (12.7 mm) gyp- 
sum wallboard or 0.75-inch (19.1 mm) plywood 
on the room side. 

4. Opening protection is not required if the building 
is equipped throughout with an approved auto- 
matic sprinkler system. 

(b) 1027.17.2 Dead ends. Where more than one exit or exit 
access doorway is required, the exit access shall be arranged 
such that dead ends do not exceed the limits specified in 
Table 1027.17.2 of this rule. 

Exception: A dead-end passageway or corridor shall not 
be limited in length where the length of the dead-end pas- 
sageway or corridor is less than 2.5 times the least width 
of the dead-end passageway or corridor. 



170 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



MEANS OF EGRESS 



TABLE 1027.17.2 
COMMON PATH, DEAD-END AND TRAVEL DISTANCE LIMITS (BY OCCUPANCY) 



OCCUPANCY 


COMMON PATH UMIT 


DEAD-END LIMIT 


TRAVEL DISTANCE UMIT 


Unsprinklered (feet) 


Sprinklered (feet) 


Unsprlnklered (feet) 


Sprinklered (feet) 


Unsprlnklered (feet) 


Sprinklered (feet) 


Group A 


20/75^ 


20/75'' 


20>' 


20" 


200 


250 


Group B 


75 


100 


50 


50 


200 


250 


Group E 


75 


75 


20 


20 


200 


250 


Groups F-1,S-1<' 


75 


100 


50 


50 


200 


250 


Groups F-2, S-Z"* 


75 


100 


50 


50 


300 


400 


Group H-1 


25 


25 








75 


75 


Group H-2 


50 


100 








75 


100 


Group H-3 


50 


100 


20 


20 


100 


150 


Group H-4 


75 


75 


20 


20 


150 


175 


Group H-5 


75 


75 


20 


50 


150 


200 


Group I-l 


75 


75 


20 


20 


200 


250 


Group 1-2 (Health Care) 


NR 


NR 


NR 


NR 


150 


200^ 


Group 1-3 (Detention and 
Correctional-Use 
Conditions H, HI, IV, V) 


100 


100 


NR 


NR 


150'= 


200^ 


Group 1-4 (Day Care 
Centers) 


NR 


NR 


20 


20 


200 


250 


Group M (Covered Mall) 


75 


100 


50 


50 


200 


400 


Group M (Mercantile) 


75 


100 


50 


50 


200 


250 


Group R-1 (Hotels) 


75 


75 


50 


50 


200 


250 


Group R-2 (Apartments) 


75 


75 


50 


50 


200 


250 


Group R-3 (One- and 
Two-Family); Use Group 
1-4 (Residential 
Care/Assisted Living) 


NR 


NR 


NR 


NR 


NR 


NR 


Group U 


75 


75 


20 


20 


200 


250 



For SI: 1 foot = 304.8 mm. 

a. 20 feet for common path serving 50 or more persons; 75 feet for common path serving less than 50 persons. 

b. See paragraph (Y)(9)(e){ 1025. 9.5) of this rule for dead-end aisles in Group A occupancies. 

c. This dimension is for the total travel distance, assuming incremental portions have fully utilized their allowable maximums. For travel distance within the room, 
and from the room exit access door to the exit, see the appropriate occupancy rule. 

d. See the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code for special requirements on spacing of doors in aircraft hangers. 
NR = no requirements. 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



171 



MEANS OF EGRESS 



(c) 1027.17.3 Exit access travel distance. Exits shall be 
located so that the maximum length of exit access travel, 
measured from the most remote point to an approved exit 
along the natural and unobstructed path of egress travel, does 

I not exceed the distances given in Table 1 027. 17.2 of this rule. 

(d) 1027.17.4 Common path of egress travel. The com- 
mon path of egress travel shall not exceed the distances 

1 given in Table 1027.17.2 of this rule. 

(18) 1027.18 Stairway discharge identification. A stairway 
in an exit enclosure which continues below the level of exit dis- 
charge shall be arranged and marked to make the direction of 
egress to a public way readily identifiable. 

Exception: Stairs that continue one-half stoiy beyond the 
level of exit discharge need not be provided with barriers 
where the exit discharge is obvious. 

(19) 1027.19 Exterior stairway protection. Exterior exit 
stairs shall be separated from the interior of the building as 

I required in paragraph (W)(6)(]023.6) of this rule. Openings 
shall be limited to diose necessary for egress from normally 
occupied spaces. 

Exceptions: 

1. Separation from the interior of the building is not 
required for buildings that are two stories or less 
above grade where the level of exit discharge is the 
first story above grade. 

2. Separation from the interior of the building is not 
required where the exterior stairway is served by an 
exterior balcony that connects two remote exterior 
stairways or other approved exits, with a pehme.er 
that is not less than 50 per cent open. To be considered 
open, the opening shall be a minimum of 50 per cent 
of the height of the enclosing wall, with the top of the 
opening not less than 7 feet (2134 mm) above the top 
of the balcony. 

3. Separation from the interior of the building is not 
required for an exterior stairway located in a building 
or structure that is not permitted to have unenclosed 
interior stairways in accordance with paragraph 

I (T)(l )(} 020. 1 ) of this rule. 

4. Separation from the interior of the building is not 
required for exterior stairways connected to 
open-ended corridors, provided that: 

4.1. The building, including corridors and stairs, 
is equipped throughout with an automatic 
sprinkler system in accordance with para- 
graph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) or 
(C)(3}(a)(ii)(903.3.L2) of rule 1301:7-7-09 
of the Administrative Code. 

4.2. The open-ended corridors comply with para- 
graph (P)(1016) of this rule. 

4.3. The open-ended corridors are connected on 
each end to an exterior stairway complying 

I with paragraph (W)(l)( 1023.1) of this rule. 

4.4. At any location in an open-ended corridor 
where a change of direction exceeding 45 de- 



grees occurs , a clear opening of nol: less than 3 5 
square feet (3 m^) or an exterior stairway shall 
be provided. Where clear openings are pro- 
vided, they shall be located so as to minimize 
the accumulation of smoke or toxic gases. 

(20) 1027.20 Minimum aisles width. The minimum clear 
width of aisles shall be: 

(a) Forty-two inches (1067 mm) for aisle stairs having 
seating on each side. 

Exception: Thirty-six inches (914 mm) where the 
aisle serves less than 50 seats. 

(b) Thirty-six inches (914 mm) for stepped aisles having 
seating on only one side. 

Exception: Thirty inches (760 mm) for catchment 
areas serving not more than 60 seats. 

(c) Twenty inches (508 mm) between a stepped aisle hand- 
rail or guard and seating when the aisle is subdivided by 
the handrail. 

(d) Forty-two inches (1067 mm) for level or ramped aisles 
having seating on both sides. 

Exception: Thirty-six inches (914 mm) where the 
aisle does not serve more than 50 seats. 

(e) Thirty-six inches (914 mm) for level or ramped aisles 
having seating on only one side. 

Exception: Thirty inches (760 mm) for catchment 
areas serving not more than 60 seats. 

(f) Twenty-three inches (584 mm) between a stepped stair 
handrail and seating where an aisle does not serve more 
than five rows on one side. 

(21) 1027.21 siaii^ay floor number signs. Existing stairs 
shall be marked in accordance with paragraph 
(T)(l}(f)( 1020. 1.6) of this rule. 



(BB) SECTION 1028 
MAINTENANCE OF THE MEANS OF EGRESS 

(1) 1028.1 General. The means of egress for buildings or por- 
tions thereof shall be maintained in accordance with this para- 
graph. 

(2) 1028.2 ReUabiUty. Required exit accesses, exits or exit dis- 
charges shall be continuously maintained free from obstruc- 
tions or impediments to full instant use in the case of fire or 
other emergency when the areas served by such exits are occu- 
pied. Security devices affecting means of egress shall be sub- 
ject to approval of the fire code official. 

(3) 1028.3 Obstructions. A means of egress shall be free from 
obstructions that would prevent its use, including the accumu- 
lation of snow and ice. 

(4) 1028.4 Exit signs. Exit signs shall be installed and main- 
tained in accordance with paragraph (K)(10I1) of this rule. 
Decorations, furnishings, equipment or adjacent signage that 
impairs the visibility of exit signs, creates confusion or pre- 
vents identification of the exit shall not be allowed. 



172 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



MEANS OF EGRESS 



(5) 1028.5 Furnishings and decorations. Furnishings, deco- 
rations or other objects shall not be placed so as to obstruct 
exits, access thereto, egress therefrom, or visibility thereof. 
Hangings and draperies shall not be placed over exit doors or 
otherwise be located to conceal or obstruct an exit. Mirrors 
shall not be placed on exit doors. Mirrors shall not be placed in 
or adjacent to any exit in such a manner as to confuse the direc- 
tion of exit. 

(6) 1028.6 Emergency escape openings. Required emergency 
escape openings shall be maintained in accordance with the 
code in effect at the time of construction, and the following: 
Required emergency escape and rescue openings shall be oper- 
ational from the inside of the room without the use of keys or 
tools. Bars, grilles, grates or similar devices are allowed to be 
placed over emergency escape and rescue openings provided 
the minimum net clear opening size complies with the code that 
was in effect at the time of construction and such devices shall 
be releasable or removable from the inside without the use of a 
key, tool or force greater than that which is required for normal 
operation of the escape and rescue opening. 

(7) 1028.7 Testing and maintenance. All two-way communi- 
cation systems for areas of refuge shall be inspected and tested 
on a yearly basis to verify that all components are operational. 
When required, the tests shall be conducted in the presence of 
the fire code official. 



Effective Date: July 1, 2007 

Prior Effective Dates: 7/1/79; 6/1/85; 6/15/92; 7/1/93; 9/1/95; 
3/30/98; 1/3/00; 9/1/05 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 1 73 



174 2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



OHIO ADMINISTRATIVE CODE 1301:7-7-11 

AVIATION FACILITIES 



(A) SECTION 1101 
GENERAL 

(1) 1101.1 Scope. Airports, heliports, helistops and aircraft 
hangars shall be in accordance with this rule. 

(2) 1101.2 Regulations not covered. Regulations not specifi- 
cally contained herein pertaining to airports, aircraft mainte- 
nance, aircraft hangars and appurtenant operations shall be in 
accordance with nationally recognized standards. 

(3) 1101.3 Permits. For permits to operate aircraft-refueling 
vehicles, application of flammable or combustible finishes, 
and hot work, see rule 1301 : 7- 7-01 of the Administrative Code. 



(B) SECTION 1102 
DEFINITIONS 

(1) 1102.1 Definitions. The following words and terms shall, 
for the purposes of this rule and as used elsewhere in this code, 
have the meanings shown herein. 

"Aircraft operation area (AOA)." Any area used or intended 
for use for the parking, taxiing, takeoff, landing or other 
ground-based aircraft activity. 

"Airport." An area of land or structural surface that is used, or 
intended for use, for the landing and taking off of aircraft with 
an overall length greater than 39 feet (1 1 887 mm) and an over- 
all exterior fuselage width greater than 6.6 feet (2012 mm), and 
any appurtenant areas that are used or intended for use for air- 
port buildings and other airport facilities. 

"Heliport" An area of land or water or a structural surface that 
is used, or intended for use, for the landing and taking off of heU- 
copters, and any appurtenant areas which are used, or intended 
for use, for heliport buildings and other heliport facilities. 

"Helistop." The same as "Heliport," except that no fueling, 
defueling, maintenance, repairs or storage of helicopters is per- 
mitted. 



(C) SECTION 1103 
GENERAL PRECAUTIONS 

(1) 1103.1 Sources of ignition. Open flames, flame-producing 
devices and other sources of ignition shall not be permitted in a 
hangar, except in approved locations or in any location within 
50 feet (15 240 mm) of an aircraft-fueling operation. 

(2) 1103.2 Smoking. Smoking shall be prohibited in air- 
craft-refueling vehicles, aircraft hangars and aircraft operation 
areas used for cleaning, paint removal, painting operations or 
fueling. "No Smoking" signs shall be provided in accordance 
with paragraph (J)(310) of rule 1301:7-7-03 of the Adminis- 
trative Code. 

Exception: Designated and approved smoking areas. 



(3) 1103.3 Housekeeping. The aircraft operation area (AOA) 
and related areas shall be kept free from combustible debris at 
all times. 

(4) 1103.4 Fire department access. Fire apparatus access 
roads shall be provided and maintained in accordance with rule 
1301:7-7-05 of the Administrative Code. Fire apparatus access 
roads and aircraft parking positions shall be designed in a man- 
ner so as to preclude the possibility of fire vehicles traveling 
under any portion of a parked aircraft. 

(5) 1103.5 Dispensing of flanunable and combustible liq- 
uids. The dispensing, transferring and storage of flammable 
and combustible liquids shall be in accordance with this rule 
and rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code. Aircraft 
motor vehicle fuel-dispensing stations shall be in accordance 
with rule 1301:7-7-22 of the Administrative Code. 

(6) 1103.6 Combustible storage. Combustible materials 
stored in aircraft hangars shall be stored in approved locations 
and containers. 

(7) 1103.7 Hazardous material storage. Hazardous materials 
shall be stored in accordance with rule 1301:7-7-27 of the 
Administrative Code. 



(D) SECTION 1104 
AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE 

(1) 1104.1 Transferring flammable and combustible liq- 
uids. Flammable and combustible liquids shall not be dis- 
pensed into or removed from a container, tank, vehicle or 
aircraft except in approved locations. 

(2) 1104.2 Application of flammable and combustible liq- 
uid finishes. The application of flammable or Class n combus- 
tible liquid finishes is prohibited unless both of the following 
conditions are met: 

(a) The application of the liquid finish is accomplished in 
an approved location. 

(b) The appUcation methods and procedures are in accor- 
dance with rule 1301:7-7-15 of the Administrative Code. 

(3) 1104.3 Cleaning parts. Class lA flammable liquids shall 
not be used to clean aircraft, aircraft parts or aircraft engines. 
Cleaning with other flammable and combustible liquids shall 
be in accordance with paragraph (E)(3)(f)(3405.3.6) of rule 
1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code. 

(4) 1104.4 Spills. This, paragraph shall apply to spills of flam- 
mable and combustible liquids and other hazardous materials. 
Fuel spill control shall also comply with paragraph 
(F)(ll)(l 106.11) of this rule. 

(a) 1104.4.1 Cessation of work. Activities in the affected 
area not related to the mitigation of the spill shall cease until 
the spilled material has been removed or the hazard has been 
mitigated. 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



175 



AVIATION FACILITIES 



(b) 1104.4.2 Vehicle movement. Aircraft or other vehicles 
shall not be moved through the spill area until the spilled 
material has been removed or the hazard has been mitigated. 

(c) 1104.4.3 Mitigation. Spills shall be reported, docu- 
mented and mitigated in accordance with the provisions of 
this rule and paragraph (C}(3)(27033) of rule 1301:7-7-27 
of the Administrative Code. 

(5) 1104.5 Running engines. Aircreift engines shall not be run 
in aircraft hangars except in approved engine test areas. 

(6) 1104.6 Open flame. Repairing of aircraft requiring the use 
of open flames, spark-producing devices or the heating of parts 
above 500°F (260°C) shall only be done outdoors or in an area 
conforming to the provisions of the building code as listed in 
rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code for a Group F-1 
occupancy. 

(E) SECTION 1105 
PORTABLE FIRE EXTINGUISHERS 

(1) 1105.1 General. Portable fire extinguishers suitable for 
flammable or combustible liquid and electrical-type fires shall 
be provided as specified in paragraphs (E)(2)(l 105.2) to 
(E)(6)(l 105.6) of this rule and paragraph (F)(906) of rule 
1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. Extinguishers 
required by this paragraph shall be inspected and maintained in 
accordance v/ith paragraph (F)(906) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of 
the Administrative Code. 

(2) 1105.2 On towing vehicles. Vehicles used for towing air- 
craft shall be equipped with a minimum of one listed portable 
fire extinguisher complying with paragraph (F)(906) of rule 
1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code and having a mini- 
mum rating of 20-B:C. 

(3) 1105.3 On welding apparatus. Welding apparatus shall be 
equipped with a minimum of one listed portable fire extin- 
guisher complying with paragraph (F)(906) of rule 
1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code and having a mini- 
mum rating of 2-A:20-B:C. 

(4) 1105.4 On aircraft fuel-servicing tank vehicles. Aircraft 
fuel-servicing tank vehicles shall be equipped with a minimum 
of two Usted portable fire extinguishers complying with para- 
graph (F)(906) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code, 
each having a minimum rating of 20-B:C. A portable fire extin- 
guisher shall be readily accessible from either side of the vehicle. 

(5) 1105.5 On hydrant fuel-servicing vehicles. Hydrant 
fuel-servicing vehicles shall be equipped with a minimum of 
one listed portable fire extinguisher complying mihparagraph 
(F)(906) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code, and 
having a minimum rating of 20-B:C. 

(6) 1105.6 At fuel-dispensing stations. Portable fire 
extinguishers at fuel-dispensing stations shall be located such 
that pumps or dispensers are not more than 75 feet (22 860 mm) 
from one such extinguisher. Fire extinguishers shall be pro- 
vided as follows: 

(a) Where the open-hose discharge capacity of the fueling 
system is not more than 200 gallons per minute (13 
L/s), a minimum of two listed portable fire 
extinguishers complying with paragraph (F)(906) of 



rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code and hav- 
ing a minimum rating of 20-B:C shall be provided. 

(b) Where the open-hose discharge capacity of the fueling 
system is more than 200 gallons per minute (13 L/s) but 
not more than 350 gallons per minute (22 L/s), a mini- 
mum of one listed wheeled extinguisher complying 
v/ith paragraph (F)(906) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the 
Administrative Code and having a minimum extin- 
guishing rating of 80-B :C, and a minimum agent capac- 
ity of 125 pounds (57 kg), shall be provided. 

(c) Where the open-hose discharge capacity of the fueling 
system is more than 350 gallons per minute (22 L/s), a 
minimum of two listed wheeled extinguishers comply- 
ing v^ith paragraph (F)(906) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the 
Administrative Code and having a minimum rating of 
80-B:C each, and a minimum capacity agent of 125 
pounds (57 kg) of each, shall be provided. 

(7) 1105.7 Fire extinguisher access. Portable fire extinguishers 
required by this rule shall be accessible at all times. Where nec- 
essary, provisions shall be made to clear accumulations of snow, 
ice and other forms of weather-induced obstructions. 

(a) 1105.7.1 Cabinets. Cabinets and enclosed compart- 
ments used to house portable fire extinguishers shall be 
clearly marked with the words FIRE EXTINGUISHER in 
letters at least 2 inches (5 1 mm) high. Cabinets and compart- 
ments shall be readily accessible at all times. 

(8) 1105.8 Reporting use. Use of a fire extinguisher under any 
circumstances shall be reported to the manager of the airport 
and the fire code official immediately after use. 

(F) SECTION 1106 
AIRCRAFT FUELING 

(1) 1106.1 Aircraft motor vehicle fuel-dispensing stations. 

Aircraft motor vehicle fuel-dispensing stations shall be in 
accordance with rule 1301:7-7-22 of the Administrative Code. 

(2) 1106.2 Airport fuel systems. Airport fuel systems shall be 
designed and constructed in accordance with NFPA 407 as 
listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

(3) 1106.3 Construction of aircraft-fueling vehicles and 
accessories. Aircraft-fueling vehicles shall comply with this 
paragraph and shall be designed and constructed in accor- 
dance with NFPA 407 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the 
Administrative Code. 

(a) 1106.3.1 Transfer apparatus. Aircraft-fueling vehicles 
shall be equipped and maintained with an approved transfer 
apparatus. 

(i) 1106.3.1.1 Internal combustion type. Where such 
transfer apparatus is operated by an individual unit of the 
intemal-combustion-motor type, such power unit shall 
be located as remotely as practicable from pumps, pip- 
ing, meters, air eliminators, water separators, hose reels, 
and similar equipment, and shall be housed in a separate 
compartment from any of the aforementioned items. The 
fuel tank in connection therewith shall be suitably 
designed and installed, and the maximum fuel capacity 
shall not exceed 5 gallons (19 L) where the tank is 



176 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



AVIATION FACILITIES 



installed on the engine. The exhaust pipe, muffler and tail 
pipe shall be shielded. 

(ii) 1106.3.1.2 Gear operated. Where operated by gears 
or chains, the gears, chains, shafts, bearings, housing and 
all parts thereof shall be of an approved design and shall 
be installed and maintained in an approved manner. 

(iii) 1106.3.1.3 Vibration isolation. Flexible connec- 
tions for the purpose of eliminating vibration are allowed 
if the material used therein is designed, installed and 
maintained in an approved manner, provided such con- 
nections do not exceed 24 inches (610 mm) in length. 

(b) 1106.3.2 Pumps. Pumps of a positive-displacement 
type shall be provided with a bypass reUef valve set at a pres- 
sure of not more than 35 per cent in excess of the normal 
working pressure of such unit. Such units shall be equipped 
and maintained with a pressure gauge on the discharge side 
of the pump. 

(c) 1106.3.3 Dispensing hoses and nozzles. Hoses shall be 
designed for the transferring of hydrocarbon liquids and 
shall not be any longer than necessary to provide efficient 
fuel transfer operations. Hoses shall be equipped with an 
approved shutoff nozzle. Fuel-transfer nozzles shall be 
self-closing and designed to be actuated by hand pressure 
only. Notches and other devices shall not be used for hold- 
ing a nozzle valve handle in the open position. Nozzles shall 
be equipped with a bonding cable complete with proper 
attachment for aircraft to be serviced. 

(d) 1106.3.4 Protection of electrical equipment. Electric 
wiring, switches, lights and other sources of ignition, when 
located in a compartment housing piping, pumps, air 
eliminators, water separators, hose reels or similar equip- 
ment, shall be enclosed in a vapor-tight housing. Electrical 
motors located in such a compartment shall be of a type 
approved for use as specified in the building code andNFPA 
70 as listed in rule 1301: 7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

(e) 1106.3.5 Venting of equipment compartments. Com- 
partments housing piping, pumps, air eliminators, water 
separators, hose reels and similar equipment shall be ade- 
quately ventilated at floor level or within the floor itself. 

(f) 1106.3.6 Accessory equipment. Ladders, hose reels and 
similar accessory equipment shall be of an approved type 
and constructed substantially as follows: 

(i) Ladders constructed of noncombustible material are 
allowed to be used with or attached to aircraft-fuel- 
ing vehicles, provided the manner of attachment or 
use of such ladders is approved and does not consti- 
tute an additional fire or accident hazard in the oper- 
ation of such fueling vehicles. 

(ii) Hose reels used in connection with fueling vehicles 
shall be constructed of noncombustible materials 
and shall be provided with a packing gland or other 
device which will preclude fuel leakage between 
reels and fuel manifolds. 

(g) 1106.3.7 Electrical bonding provisions. Transfer 
apparatus shall be metallically interconnected with tanks, 
chassis, axles and springs of aircraft-fueling vehicles. 



(i) 1106.3.7.1 Bonding cables. Aircraft-fueling vehicles 
shall be provided and maintained with a substantial 
heavy-duty electrical cable of sufficient length to be 
bonded to the aircraft to be serviced. Such cable shall be 
metallically connected to the transfer apparatus or chas- 
sis of the aircraft-fueUng vehicle on one end and shall be 
provided with a suitable metal clamp on the other end, to 
be fixed to the aircraft. 

(ii) 1106.3.7.2 Bonding cable protection. The bonding 
cable shall be bare or have a transparent protective sleeve 
and be stored on a reel or in a compartment provided for 
no other purpose. It shall be carried in such a manner that 
it will not be subjected to sharp kinks or accidental break- 
age under conditions of general use. 

(h) 1106.3.8 Smoking. Smoking in aircraft-fueling vehicles 
is prohibited. Signs to this effect shall be conspicuously 
posted in the driver's compartment of all fueling vehicles. 

(i) 1106.3.9 Smoking equipment. Smoking equipment 
such as cigarette lighters and ash trays shall not be provided 
in aircraft-fueling vehicles. 

(4) 1106.4 Operation, maintenance and use of aircraft-fuel- 
ing vehicles. The operation, maintenance and use of air- 
craft-fueling vehicles shaU be in accordance with paragraphs 
(F)(4)(a)( 1106.4.1) to (F)(4)(d)( 1106.4.4) of this rule and I 
other applicable provisions of this rule. 

(a) 1106.4.1 Proper maintenance. Aircraft-fuehng vehi- 
cles and aU related equipment shall be properly maintained 
and kept in good repair. Accumulations of oil, grease, fuel 
and other flammable or combustible materials is prohibited. 
Maintenance and servicing of such equipment shall be 
accomplished in approved areas. 

(b) 1106.4.2 Vehicle integrity. Tanks, pipes, hoses, valves 
and other fuel deUvery equipment shall be maintained leak 
free at all times. 

(c) 1106.4.3 Removal from service. Aircraft-fueling vehi- 
cles and related equipment which are in violation of para- 
graph (F)(4)(a)( 1106.4.1) or (F)(4)(b)( 1106.4.2) of this 
rule shall be immediately defueled and removed from ser- 
vice and shall not be returned to service until proper repairs 
have been made. 

(d) 1106.4.4 Operators. Aircraft-fueling vehicles that are 
operated by a person, firm or corporation other than the 
permittee or the permittee's authorized employee shall be 
provided with a legible sign visible from outside the vehicle 
showing the name of the person, firm or corporation operat- 
ing such unit. 

(5) 1106.5 Fueling and defueling. Aircraft-fueling and 
defuehng operations shall be in accordance with paragraphs 
(F)(5)(a)(l 106.5.1) to (F)(5)(e)(1106.5.5) of this rule. \ 

(a) 1106.5.1 Positioning of aircraft fuel-servicing vehi- 
cles. Aircraft-fueUng vehicles shall not be located, parked 
or permitted to stand in a position where such unit would 
obstruct egress from an aircraft should a fire occur during 
fuel-transfer operations. Tank vehicles shall not be located, 
parked or permitted to stand under any portion of an aircraft. 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



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(i) 1106.5.1.1 Fueling vehicle egress. A clear path shall 
be maintained for aircraft-fueling vehicles to provide for 
prompt and timely egress from the fueling area. 

(ii) 1106.5.1.2 Aircraft vent openings. A clear space of 
at least 10 feet (3048 mm) shall be maintained between 
aircraft fuel-system vent openings and any part or por- 
tion of an aircraft-fueling vehicle. 

(iii) 1106.5.1.3 Parking. Prior to leaving the cab, the air- 
craft-fueling vehicle operator shall ensure that the park- 
ing brake has been set. At least two chock blocks not less 
than 5 inches by 5 inches by 12 inches (127 nmi by 127 
mm by 305 mm) in size and dished to fit the contour of 
the tires shall be utilized and positioned in such a manner 
as to preclude movement of the vehicle in any direction. 

(b) 1106.5.2 Electrical bonding. Aircraft-fueling vehicles 
shall be electrically bonded to the aircraft being fueled or 
defueled. Bonding connections shall be made prior to mak- 
ing fueling connections and shall not be disconnected until 
the fuel-transfer operations are completed and the fueling 
connections have been removed. 

Where a hydrant service vehicle or cart is used for fueling, 
the hydrant coupler shall be connected to the hydrant system 
prior to bonding the fueling equipment to the aircraft. 

(i) 1106.5.2.1 Conductive hose. In addition to the bond- 
ing cable required hy paragraph (F)(5)(b)(l 106.5.2) of 
this rule, conductive hose shall be used for all fueling 
operations. 

(ii) 1106.5.2.2 Bonding conductors on transfer noz- 
zles. Transfer nozzles shall be equipped with approved 
bonding conductors which shall be clipped or otherwise 
positively engaged with the bonding attachment pro- 
vided on the aircraft adjacent to the fuel tank cap prior to 
removal of the cap. 

Exception: In the case of overwing fueling where no 
appropriate bonding attachment adjacent to the fuel fill 
port has been provided on the aircraft, the fueling oper- 
ator shall touch the fuel tank cap with the nozzle spout 
prior to removal of the cap. The nozzle shall be kept in 
contact with the fill port until fueling is completed. 

(iii) 1106.5.2.3 Funnels. Where required, metal funnels 
are allowed to be used during fueling operations. Direct 
contact between the fueling receptacle, the funnel and 
the fueling nozzle shall be maintained during the fueling 
operation. 

(c) 1106.5.3 Training. Aircraft-fueling vehicles shall be 
attended and operated only by persons instructed in meth- 
ods of proper use and operation and who are qualified to use 
such fueling vehicles in accordance with minimum safety 
requirements. 

(i) 1106.5.3.1 Fueling hazards. Fuel-servicing person- 
nel shall know and understand the hazards associated 
with each type of fuel dispensed by the airport fuel- 
ing-system operator. 

(ii) 1106.5.3.2 Fire safety training. Employees of fuel 
agents who fuel aircraft, accept fiiel shipments or otherwise 
handle fuel shall receive approved fire safety training. 



(a) 1106.5.3.2.1 Fire extinguisher training. 

Fuel-servicing personnel shall receive approved 
training in the operation of fire-extinguishing equip- 
ment. 

(b) 1106.5.3.2.2 Documentation. The airport fuel- 
ing-system operator shall maintain records of all train- 
ing administered to its employees. These records shall 
be made available to the fire code official on request. 

(d) 1106.5.4 Transfer personnel. During fuel-transfer 
operations, a qualified person shall be in control of each 
transfer nozzle and another qualified person shall be in 
immediate control of the fuel-pumping equipment to shut 
off or otherwise control the flow of fuel from the time fuel- 
ing operations are begun until they are completed. 

Exceptions: 

1. For underwing refueling, the person stationed at 
the point of fuel intake is not required. 

2. For overwing refueling, the person stationed at the 
fuel pumping equipment shall not be required 
where the person at the fuel dispensing device is 
within 75 feet (22 800 mm) of the emergency shut- 
off device, is not on the wing of the aircraft and has 
a clear and unencumbered path to the fuel pumping 
equipment; and, the fuel dispensing line does not 
exceed 50 feet (15 240 mm) in length. 

The fueling operator shall monitor the panel of the fueling 
equipment and the aircraft control panel during pressure fuel- 
ing or shall monitor the fill port during overwing fueling. 

(e) 1106.5.5 Fuel flow control. Fuel flow-control valves 
shall be operable only by the direct hand pressure of the 
operator. Removal of the operator's hand pressure shall 
cause an immediate cessation of the flow of fuel. 

(6) 1106.6 Emergency fuel shutoff. Emergency fuel shutoff 
controls and procedures shall comply with paragraphs 
(F)(6)(a)( 1106.6.1) to (F)(6)(d)( 1106.6.4) of this rule. 

(a) 1106.6.1 Accessibility. Emergency fuel shutoff controls 
shall be readily accessible at all times when the fueling sys- 
tem is being operated. 

(b) 1106.6.2 Notification of the fire department. The fuel- 
ing-system operator shall establish a procedure by which 
the fiire department will be notified in the event of an activa- 
tion of an emergency fuel shutoff control. 

(c) 1106.6.3 Determining cause. Prior to reestablishment 
of normal fuel flow, the cause of fuel shutoff conditions 
shall be determined and corrected. 

(d) 1106.6.4 Testing. Emergency fuel shutoff devices shall 
be operationally tested at intervals not exceeding three 
months. The fueling-system operator shall maintain suit- 
able records of these tests. 

(7) 1106.7 Protection of hoses. Before an aircraft-fueling 
vehicle is moved, fuel transfer hoses shall be properly placed 
on the approved reel or in the compartment provided, or stored 
on the top decking of the fueling vehicle if proper height rail is 
provided for security and protection of such equipment. 
Fuel-transfer hose shall not be looped or draped over any part 



178 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



AVIATION FACILITIES 



of the fueling vehicle, except as herein provided. Fuel-transfer 
hose shall not be dragged when such fueling vehicle is moved 
from one fueling position to another. 

(8) 1106.8 Loading and unloading. Aircraft-fueling vehicles 
shall be loaded only at an approved loading rack. Such loading 
racks shall be in accordance with paragraph 
(F)(5)(a)(xii)(3406.5.1.12) of rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Adminis- 
trative Code. 

Exceptions: 

1. Aircraft-refueling units may be loaded from the fuel 
tanks of an aircraft during defueling operations. 

2. Fuel transfer between tank vehicles is allowed to be 
performed in accordance with paragraph 
(F)(6)(3406.6) of rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Adminis- 
trative Code when the operation is at least 200 feet (60 
960 mm) from an aircraft! 

The fuel cargo of such units shall be unloaded only by 
approved transfer apparatus into the fuel tanks of aircraft, 
underground storage tanks or approved gravity storage tanks. 

(9) 1106.9 Passengers. Passenger traffic is allowed during the 
time fuel transfer operations are in progress, provided the fol- 
lowing provisions are strictly enforced by the owner of the air- 
craft or the owner's authorized employee: 

(a) Smoking and producing an open flame in the cabin of 
the aircraft or the outside thereof within 50 feet (15 240 
mm) of such aircraft shall be prohibited. 

A qualified employee of the aircraft owner shall be 
responsible for seeing that the passengers are not 
allowed to smoke when remaining aboard the aircraft 
or while going across the ramp from the gate to such 
aircraft, or vice versa. 

(b) Passengers shall not be permitted to linger about the 
plane, but shall proceed directly between the loading 
gate and the aircraft. 

(c) Passenger loading stands or walkways shall be left in 
loading position until all fuel transfer operations are 
completed. 

(d) Fuel transfer operations shall not be performed on the 
main exit side of any aircraft containing passengers 
except when the owner of such aircraft or a capable and 
qualified employee of such owner remains inside the 
aircraft to direct and assist the escape of such passen- 
gers through regular and emergency exits in the event 
fire should occur during fuel transfer operations. 

(10) 1106.10 Sources of ignition. Smoking and producing open 
flames within 50 feet (15 240 mm) of a point where fuel is being 
transferred shall be prohibited. Electrical and motor-driven 
devices shall not be connected to or disconnected from an aircraft 
at any time fueling operations are in progress on such aircraft. 

(11) 1106.11 Fuel spill prevention and procedures. Fuel spiU 
prevention and the procedures for handling spiUs shall comply 
\viih paragraphs (F)(ll)(a)( 1106.1 1.1) to (F)(ll)(g)(l 106.1 1.7) 
of this rule. 

(a) 1106.11.1 Fuel-service equipment maintenance. Air- 
craft fuel-servicing equipment shall be maintained and kept 



free from leaks. Fuel-servicing equipment that malfunc- 
tions or leaks shall not be continued in service. 

(b) 1106.11.2 Transporting fuel nozzles. Fuel nozzles 
shall be carried utilizing appropriate handles. Dragging fuel 
nozzles along the ground shall be prohibited. 

(c) 1106.11.3 Drum fueling. Fueling from drums or other 
containers having a capacity greater than 5 gallons (19 L) 
shall be accomplished with the use of an approved pump. 

(d) 1106.11.4 Fuel spill procedures. The fueling-system 
operator shall establish procedures to follow in the event of 
a fuel spill. These procedures shall be comprehensive and 
shall provide for at least all of the foUowing: 

(i) Upon observation of a fuel spill, the aircraft-fueling 
operator shall immediately stop the delivery of fuel 
by releasing hand pressure from the fuel flow-con- 
trol valve. 

(ii) Failure of the fuel control valve to stop the contin- 
ued spillage of fuel shall be cause for the activation 
of the appropriate emergency fuel shutoff device. 

(Hi) A supervisor for the fueling-system operator shall 
respond to the fuel spill area immediately. 

(e) 1106.11.5 Notification of the fire department. The fire 
department shall be notified of any fuel spill which is con- 
sidered a hazard to people or property or which meets one or 
more of the following criteria: 

(i) Any dimension of the spill is greater than 10 feet 
(3048 mm). 

(ii) The spill area is greater than 50 square feet (4.65 m^). 

(Hi) The fuel flow is continuous in nature. 

(f) 1106.11.6 Investigation required. An investigation 
shall be conducted by the fuehng-system operator of all 
spills requiring notification of the fire department. The 
investigation shall provide conclusive proof of the cause and 
verification of the appropriate use of emergency proce- 
dures. Where it is determined that corrective measures are 
necessary to prevent future incidents of the same nature, 
they shall be implemented immediately. 

(g) 1106.11.7 Multiple fuel delivery vehicles. Simulta- 
neous delivery of fuel from more than one aircraft-fueling 
vehicle to a single aircraft-fueling manifold is prohibited 
unless proper backflow prevention devices are installed to 
prevent fuel flow into the tank vehicles. 

(12) 1106.12 Aircraft engines and heaters. Operation of air- 
craft onboard engines and combustion heaters shall be termi- 
nated prior to conmiencing fuel service operations and shall 
remain off until the fuel-servicing operation is completed. 

Exception: In an emergency, a single jet engine is allowed 
to be operated during fuel servicing where all of the follow- 
ing conditions are met: 

1 . The emergency shall have resulted from an onboard 
failure of the aircraft's auxiliary power unit. 

2. Restoration of auxiliary power to the aircraft by 
ground support services is not available. 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



179 



AVIATION FACILITIES 



3. The engine to be operated is either at the rear of the 
aircraft or on the opposite side of the aircraft from the 
fuel service operation. 

4. The emergency operation is in accordance with a 
written procedure approved by the fire code official. 

(13) 1106.13 Vehicle and equipment restrictions. During air- 
craft-fueling operations, only the equipment actively involved 
in the fueling operation is allowed within 50 feet (15 240 mm) 
of the aircraft being fueled. Other equipment shall be prohib- 
ited in this area until the fueling operation is complete. 

Exception: Aircraft-fueling operations utilizing single-point 
refueling with a sealed, mechanically locked fuel line con- 
nection and the fuel is not a Class I flammable liquid. 

A clear space of at least 10 feet (3048 mm) shall be main- 
tained between aircraft fuel-system vent openings and any part 
or portion of aircraft-servicing vehicles or equipment. 

(a) 1106.13.1 Overwing fueling. Vehicles or equipment 
shall not be allowed beneath the trailing edge of the wing 
when aircraft fueling takes place over the wing and the air- 
craft fuel-system vents are located on the upper surface of 
the wing. 

(14) 1106.14 Electrical equipment. Electrical equipment, 
including but not limited to, battery chargers, ground or auxil- 
iary power units, fans, compressors or tools, shall not be oper- 
ated, nor shall they be connected or disconnected from their 
power source, during fuel service operations. 

(a) 1106.14.1 Other equipment. Electrical or other 
spark-producing equipment shall not be used within 10 feet 
(3048 mm) of fueling equipment, aircraft fill or vent points, 
or spill areas unless that equipment is intrinsically safe and 
approved for use in an explosive atmosphere. 

(15) 1106.15 Open flames. Open flames and open-flame 
devices are prohibited within 50 feet (15 240 mm) of any air- 
craft fiiel-servicing operation or fueling equipment. 

(a) 1106.15.1 Other areas. The fire code official is autho- 
rized to establish other locations where open flames and 
open-flame devices are prohibited. 

(b) 1106.15.2 Matches and lighters. Personnel assigned to 
and engaged in fiiel-servicing operations shall not carry 
matches or Ughters on or about their person. Matches or light- 
ers shall be prohibited in, on or about aircraft-fueling equip- 
ment. 

(16) 1106.16 Lightning procedures. The fire code official is 
authorized to require the airport authority and the fueling-sys- 
tem operator to estabhsh written procedures to follow when 
Ughtning flashes are detected on or near the airport. These pro- 
cedures shall establish criteria for the suspension and resump- 
tion of aircraft-fueling operations. 

(17) 1106.17 Fuel-transfer locations. Aircraft fuel-transfer 
operations shall be prohibited indoors. 

Exception: In aircraft hangars built in accordance with the 
provisions of the building code as listed in rule 1 301 : 7- 7-45 
of the Administrative Code for Group F-1 occupancies, air- 
craft fuel-transfer operations are allowed where: 



1 . Necessary to accomplish aircraft fuel-system mainte- 
nance operations. Such operations shall be performed 
in accordance with nationally recognized standards; 
or 

2. The fuel being used has a flash point greater than 
100°F (37.8°C). 

(a) 1106.17.1 Position of aircraft. Aircraft being fueled 
shall be positioned such that any fuel system vents and other 
fuel tank openings are a minimum of: 

(i) Twenty-five feet (7620 mm) from buildings or 
structures other than jet bridges; and 

(ii) Fifty feet (15 240 mm) from air intake vents for 
boiler, heater or incinerator rooms. 

(b) 1106.17.2 Fire equipment access. Access for fire ser- 
vice equipment to aircraft shall be maintained during 
fuel-servicing operations. 

(18) 1106.18 Defueling operations. The requirements for 
fueling operations contained in \his paragraph shall also apply 
to aircraft defiieling operations. Additional procedures shall be 
established by the fueling-system operator to prevent overfill- 
ing of the tank vehicle used in the defueling operation. 

(19) 1106.19 Maintenance of aircraft-fueling hose. Air- 
craft-fueling hoses shall be maintained in accordance with 
paragraphs (F){19)(a)(l 106.19.1) to (F)(19)(d)(1106.19.4) of 
this rule. 

(a) 1106.19.1 Inspections. Hoses used to fuel or defuel air- 
craft shall be inspected periodically to ensure their service- 
ability and suitabihty for continued service. The 
fuel-service operator shall maintain records of all tests and 
inspections performed on fueling hoses. Hoses found to be 
defective or otherwise damaged shall be immediately 
removed from service. 

(i) 1106.19.1.1 Daily inspection. Each hose shall be 
inspected daily. This inspection shall include a complete 
visual scan of the exterior for evidence of damage, blis- 
tering or leakage. Each coupling shall be inspected for 
evidence of leaks, slippage or misalignment. 

(ii) 1106.19.1.2 Monthly inspection. A more thorough 
inspection, including pressure testing, shall be accom- 
phshed for each hose on a monthly basis. This inspection 
shall include examination of the fuel delivery inlet screen 
for rubber particles, which indicates problems with the 
hose lining. 

(b) 1106.19.2 Damaged hose. Hose that has been subjected 
to severe abuse shall be immediately removed from service. 
Such hoses shall be hydrostatically tested prior to being 
returned to service. 

(c) 1106.19.3 Repairing hose. Hoses are allowed to be 
repaired by removing the damaged portion and recoupling 
the undamaged end. When recoupling hoses, only cou- 
plings designed and approved for the size and type of hose in 
question shall be used. Hoses repaired in this manner shall 
be visually inspected and hydrostatically tested prior to 
being placed back in service. 



180 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



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(d) 1106.19.4 New hose. New hose shall be visually 
inspected prior to being placed into service. 

(20) 1106.20 Aircraft fuel-servicing vehicles parking. Unat- 
tended aircraft fuel-servicing vehicles shall be parked in areas 
that provide for both the unencumbered dispersal of vehicles in 
the event of an emergency and the control of leakage such that 
adjacent buildings and storm drains are not contaminated by 
leaking fuel. 

(a) 1106.20.1 Parking area design. Parking areas for tank 
vehicles shall be designed and utilized such that a clearance 
of 10 feet (3048 mm) is maintained between each parked 
vehicle for fire department access. In addition, a minimum 
clearance of 50 feet (15 240 mm) shall be maintained 
between tank vehicles and parked aircraft and structures 
other than those used for the maintenance and/or garaging 
of aircraft fuel-servicing vehicles. 

(21) 1106.21 Radar equipment. Aircraft fuel-servicing oper- 
ations shall be prohibited while the weather-mapping radar of 
that aircraft is operating. 

Aircraft fuel-servicing of other operations in which flamma- 
ble liquids, vapors or mists may be present shall not be con- 
ducted within 300 feet (91 440 mm) of an operating aircraft 
surveillance radar. 

Aircraft fuel-servicing operations shall not be conducted 
within 300 feet (91 440 mm) of airport flight traffic surveil- 
lance radar equipment. 

Aircraft fuel-servicing or other operations in which flamma- 
ble liquids, vapors or mists may be present shall not be con- 
ducted within 100 feet (30 480 mm) of airport ground traffic 
surveillance radar equipment. 

(a) 1106.21.1 Direction of radar beams. The beam from 
ground radar equipment shall not be directed toward fuel 
storage or loading racks. 

Exceptions: 

1. Fuel storage and loading racks in excess of 300 
feet (9 1 440 mm) from airport flight traffic surveil- 
lance equipment. 

2. Fuel storage and loading racks in excess of 100 
feet (30 480 mm) from airport ground traffic sur- 
veillance equipment. 



confine flanmiable or Class n combustible hquid spillage to the 
landing area itself, and provisions shall be made to drain such 
spillage away from exits or stairways serving the helicopter 
landing area or from a structure housing such exit or stairway. 

(4) 1107.4 Exits. Exits and stairways shall be maintained in 
accordance with Section 412.5 of the building code as listed in 
rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

(5) 1107.5 Standpipe systems. Where a building with a roof- 
top helistop or heUport is equipped with a standpipe system, the 
system shall be extended to the roof level on which the hehstop 
or heliport is located. All portions of the helistop and heUport 
area shall be within 150 feet (45 720 mm) of a 2.5-inch (63.5 
mm) outlet on a Class I or HI standpipe. 

(6) 1107.6 Foam protection. Foam fire-protection capabilities 
shall be provided for rooftop heliports. Such systems shall be 
designed, installed and maintained in accordance with the 
applicable provisions of paragraphs (C)(903), (D)(904) and 
(E)(905) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

(7) 1107.7 Fire extinguishers. A minimum of one portable fire 
extinguisher having a minimum 80-B:C rating shall be pro- 
vided for each permanent takeoff and landing area and for the 
aircraft parking areas. Installation, inspection and maintenance 
of these extinguishers shall be in accordance with paragraph 
(D)(906) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

(8) 1107.8 Federal approval. Before operating helicopters 
from helistops and heliports, approval shall be obtained from 
the federal aviation administration. | | 



Effective Date: July 1, 2007 

Prior Effective Dates: 7/1/79; 6/1/85; 6/15/92; 7/1/93; 9/1/95; 
3/30/98; 11/20/98; 9/1/05 



(G) SECTION 1107 
HELISTOPS AND HELIPORTS 

(1) 1107.1 General. Helistops and heliports shall be main- 
tained in accordance with paragraphs (G)(2)(1107.2) to 
(G)(8)(l 107.8) of this rule. Helistops and heliports on build- 
ings shall be constructed in accordance with the building code 
as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

(2) 1107.2 Clearances. The touchdown area shall be sur- 
rounded on all sides by a clear area having minimum average 
width at roof level of 15 feet (4572 mm) but no width less than 5 
feet (1524 mm). The clear area shall be maintained. 

(3) 1107.3 Flammable and Class n combustible liquid spill- 
age. Landing areas on structures shall be maintained so as to 



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181 



182 2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



OHIO ADMINISTRATIVE CODE 1301:7-7-12 

DRY CLEANING 



(A) SECTION 1201 
GENERAL 

(1) 1201.1 Scope. Dry cleaning plants and their operations 
shall comply with the requirements of this rule. 

(2) 1201.2 Permit required. Permits shall be required as set 
forth in rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code. 



(B) SECTION 1202 
DEFINITIONS 

(1) 1202.1 Definitions. The following words and terms shall, 
for the purposes of this rule and as used elsewhere in this code, 
have the meanings shown herein. 

"Dry cleaning." The process of removing dirt, grease, paints 
and other stains from such items as wearing apparel, textiles, 
fabrics and rugs by use of nonaqueous liquids (solvents). 

"Dry cleaning plant." A facility in which dry cleaning and 
associated operations are conducted, including the office, 
receiving area and storage rooms. 

"Dry cleaning room." An occupiable space within a building 
used for performing dry cleaning operations, the installation of 
solvent-handling equipment or the storage of dry cleaning sol- 
vents. 

"Dry cleaning system." Machinery or equipment in which 
textiles are immersed or agitated in solvent or in which dry 
cleaning solvent is extracted from textiles. 

"Solvent or liquid classilBcations." A method for classifying 
solvents or liquids according to the following classes: 

"Class I solvents." Liquids having a flash point below 100°F 
(38°C). 

"Class n solvents." Liquids having a flash point at or above 
100°F (38°C) and below 140°F (60°C). 

"Class inA solvents." Liquids having a flash point at or above 
140°F (60°C) and below 200°F (93°C). 

"Class niB solvents." Liquids having a flash point at or above 
200°F (93°C). 

"Class IV solvents." Liquids classified as nonflammable. 

(C) SECTION 1203 
CLASSIFICATIONS 

(1) 1203.1 Solvent classifications. Dry cleaning solvents shall 
be classified according to their flash points as follows: 

(a) Class I solvents are liquids having a flash point below 
100°F (38°C). 

(b) Class n solvents are liquids having a flash point at or 
above 100°F (38°C) and below 140°F (60°C). 



(c) Class IDA solvents are liquids having a flash point at or 
above 140°F (60°C) and below 200°F (93°C). 

(d) Class niB solvents are liquids having a flash point at or 
above 200°F (93°C). 

(e) Class rv solvents are Uquids classified as nonflammable. 

(2) 1203.2 Classification of dry cleaning plants and systems. 

Dry cleaning plants and systems shall be classified based on the 
solvents used as follows: 

(a) Type I — systems using Class I solvents. 

(b) Type 11 — systems using Class n solvents. 

(c) Type in — A-systems using Class ULA solvents. 

(d) Type DI — B-systems using Class IHB solvents. 

(e) Type IV — systems using Class IV solvents in which 
dry cleaning is not conducted by the public. 

(f) Type V — systems using Class IV solvents in which dry 
cleaning is conducted by the public. 

Spotting and pretreating operations conducted in accor- 
dance with paragraph (F)(1206) of this rule shall not change 
the type of the dry cleaning plant. 

(i) 1203.2.1 Multiple solvents. Dry cleaning plants using 
more than one class of solvent for dry cleaning shall be clas- 
sified based on the numerically lowest solvent class. 

(3) 1203.3 Design. The occupancy classification, design and 
construction of dry cleaning plants shall comply with the apph- 
cable requirements of the building code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 



(D) SECTION 1204 
GENERAL REQUIREMENTS 

(1) 1204.1 Prohibited use. Type I dry cleaning plants shall be 
prohibited. Limited quantities of Class I solvents stored and 
used in accordance with t\as paragraph shall not be prohibited 
in dry cleaning plants. 

(2) 1204.2 Building services. Building services and systems 
shall be designed, installed and maintained in accordance with 
this paragraph and rule 1301:7-7-06 of the Administrative 
Code. 

(a) 1204.2.1 Ventilation. Ventilation shall be provided in 
accordance with Section 502 of the mechanical code and 
DOL 29 CFR Part 1910.1000 as hsted in rule 1301:7-7-45 
of the Administrative Code, where applicable. 

(b) 1204.2.2 Heating. In Type n dry cleaning plants, heat- 
ing shall be by indirect means using steam, hot water, or hot 
oil only. 

(c) 1204.2.3 Electrical wiring and equipment. Electrical 
wiring and equipment in dry cleaning rooms or other loca- 
tions subject to flammable vapors shall be installed in accor- 



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DRY CLEANING 



dance with the building code and NFPA 70 as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

(d) 1204.2.4 Bonding and grounding. Storage tanks, treat- 
ment tanks, filters, pumps, piping, ducts, dry cleaning units, 
stills, tumblers, drying cabinets and other such equipment, 
where not inherently electrically conductive, shall be 
bonded together and grounded. Isolated equipment shall be 
grounded. 



(E) SECTION 1205 
OPERATING REQUIREMENTS 

(1) 1205.1 General. The operation of dry cleaning systems 
shall comply with the requirements of paragraphs 
(E)(l)(a)(1205.1.1) to (E)(3)(1205.3) of this rule. 

(a) 1205.1.1 Written instructions. Written instructions 
covering the proper installation and safe operation and use 
of equipment and solvent shall be given to the buyer. 

(i) 1205.1.1.1 Type n, ffl-A, ffl-B and IV systems. In 

Type II, ni-A, III-B and IV dry cleaning systems, 
machines shall be operated in accordance with the operat- 
ing instructions furnished by the machinery manufacturer. 
Employees shall be instructed as to the hazards involved in 
their departments and in the work they perform. 

(ii) 1205.1.1.2 Type V systems. Operating instructions 
for customer use of Type V dry cleaning systems shall be 
conspicuously posted in a location near the dry cleaning 
unit. A telephone number shall be provided for emer- 
gency assistance. 

(b) 1205.1.2 Equipment identification. The manufacturer 
shall provide nameplates on dry cleaning machines indicat- 
ing the class of solvent for which each machine is designed. 

(c) 1205.1.3 Open systems prohibited. Dry cleaning by 
immersion and agitation in open vessels shall be prohibited. 

(d) 1205.1.4 Prohibited use of solvent. The use of solvents 
with a flash point below that for which a machine is 
designed or listed shall be prohibited. 

(e) 1205.1.5 Equipment maintenance and housekeeping. 

Proper maintenance and operating practices shall be 
observed in order to prevent the leakage of solvent or the 
accumulation of lint. The handhng of waste material gener- 
ated by dry cleaning operations and the maintenance of facul- 
ties shall comply with the provisions of this paragraph. 

(i) 1205.1.5.1 Floors. Class I and n liquids shall not be 
used for cleaning floors. 

(ii) 1205.1.5.2 Filters. Filter residue and other residues 
containing solvent shall be handled and disposed of in 
covered metal containers. 

(iii) 1205.1.5.3 Lint. Lint and refuse shall be removed 
from tiaps daily, deposited in approved waste cans, 
removed from the premises, and disposed of safely. At all 
other times, tiaps shall be held securely in place. 



(iv) 1205.1.5.4 Customer areas. In Type V dry cleaning 
systems, customer areas shall be kept clean. 

(2) 1205.2 Type II systems. Special operating requirements 
for Type II dry cleaning systems shall comply with the provi- 
sions of paragraphs (E)(2)(a)(1205.2.1) to (E)(2)(c)(1205.2.3) 
of this rule. 

(a) 1205.2.1 Inspection of materials. Materials to be dry 
cleaned shall be searched thoroughly and foreign materials, 
including matches and metallic substances, shall be removed. 

(b) 1205.2.2 Material transfer. In removing materials 
from the washer, provisions shall be made for minimizing 
the dripping of solvent on the floor. Where materials are 
tiansferred from a washer to a drain tub, a nonferrous metal 
drip apron shall be placed so that the apron rests on the drain 
tub and the cyhnder of the washer. 

(c) 1205.2.3 Ventilation. A mechanical ventilation system 
which is designed to exhaust 1 cubic foot of air per minute 
for each square foot of floor area [0.0058 mV(s • m^)] shall 
be installed in dry cleaning rooms and in drying rooms. The 
ventilation system shall operate automatically when the dry 
cleaning equipment is in operation and shall have manual 
contiols at an approved location. 

(3) 1205.3 lype IV and V systems. Type IV and V dry clean- 
ing systems shall be provided with an automatically activated 
exhaust ventilation system to maintain a minimum of 100 feet 
per minute (5 1 m/s) air velocity through the loading door when 
the door is opened. Such systems for dry cleaning equipment 
shall comply with the mechanical code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

Exception: Dry cleaning units are not required to be pro- 
vided with exhaust ventilation where an exhaust hood is 
installed immediately outside of and above the loading door 
which operates at an airflow rate as follows: 



(2=100xA^ 
where: 



(Equation 12-1) 



Q = flow rate exhausted through the hood, cubic feet per 
minute (mVs). 

Au)= area of the loading door, square feet (m^). 



(F) SECTION 1206 
SPOTTING AND PRETREATING 

(1) 1206.1 General. Spotting and pretieating operations and 
equipment shall comply with the provisions of paragraphs 
(F)(2)( 1206.2) to (F)(5)(1206.5) of this rule. 

(2) 1206.2 Type I solvents. The maximum quantity of Type I 
solvents permitted at any work station shall be 1 gallon (4 L). 
Class I solvents shall be stored in approved safety cans or in 
sealed DOTn-approved metal shipping containers of not more 
than 1 -gallon (4 L) capacity. Dispensing shall be from 
approved safety cans. 

(3) 1206.3 Type II and in solvents. Scouring, brushing, and 
spotting and pretieating shall be conducted with Class II or DI 



184 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



DRY CLEANING 



solvents. The maximum quantity of Type 11 or HI solvents per- 
mitted at any work station shall be 1 gallon (4 L). In other than a 
Group H-2 occupancy, the aggregate quantities of solvents 
shall not exceed tiie maximum allowable quantity per control 
area for use-open system. 

(a) 1206.3.1 Spotting tables. Scouring, brushing or spot- 
ting tables on which articles are soaked in solvent shall have 
a Uquid-tight top with a curb on all sides not less than 1 inch 
(25 mm) high. The top of the table shall be pitched to ensure 
thorough draining to a 1.5-inch (38 mm) drain connected to 
an approved container. 

(b) 1206.3.2 Special handling. When approved, articles 
that cannot be washed in the usual washing machines are 
allowed to be cleaned in scrubbing tubs. Scrubbing tubs 
shall comply with the following: 

(i) Only Class II or EI liquids shall be used. 

(ii) The total amount of solvent used in such open con- 
tainers shall not exceed 3 gallons (1 1 L). 

(Hi) Scrubbing tubs shall be secured to the floor. 

(iv) Scrubbing tubs shall be provided with permanent 
1.5-inch (38 mm) drains. Such drain shall be pro- 
vided with a trap and shall be connected to an 
approved container. 

(c) 1206.3.3 Ventilation. Scrubbing tubs, scouring, brushing 
or spotting operations shall be located such that solvent 
vapors are captured and exhausted by the ventilating system. 

(d) 1206.3.4 Bonding and grounding. Metal scouring, 
brushing and spotting tables and scrubbing tubs shall be 
permanently and effectively bonded and grounded. 

(4) 1206.4 Type IV systems. Flammable and combustible liq- 
uids used for spotting operations shall be stored in approved 
safety cans or in sealed DOTn-approved metal shipping con- 
tainers of not more than 1 gallon (4 L) in capacity. Dispensing 
shall be from approved safety cans. Aggregate amounts shall 
not exceed 10 gallons (38 L). 

(5) 1206.5 Type V systems. Spotting operations using flam- 
mable or combustible liquids are prohibited in Type V dry 
cleaning systems. 



(G) SECTION 1207 
DRY CLEANING SYSTEMS 

(1) 1207.1 General equipment requirements. Dry cleaning 
systems, including dry cleaning units, washing machines, 
stiUs, drying cabinets, tumblers, and their appurtenances, 
including pumps, piping, valves, filters and solvent coolers, 
shall be installed and maintained in accordance with NFPA 32 
as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. The 
construction of the buildings in which such systems are located 
shall comply with the requirements of this paragraph and the 
building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administra- 
tive Code. B:C portable fire extinguishers shall be provided 



near the doors inside dry cleaning rooms containing Type 11, 
Type ni-A and Type IH-B dry cleaning systems. 

(2) 1207.2 Type n systems. Type n dry cleaning and solvent 
tank storage rooms shall not be located below grade or above the 
lowest floor level of the building and shall comply with para- 
graphs (G)(2)(a)(1207.2.1) to (G)(2)(c)( 1207.2.3) of this rule. 

Exception: Solvent storage tanks installed underground, in 
vaults or in special enclosures in accordance with rule 
1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code. 

(a) 1207.2.1 Fire-fighting access. Type n dry cleaning 
plants shall be located so that access is provided and main- 
tained from one side for fire-fighting and fire control pur- 
poses in accordance with paragraph (C)(503) of rule 
1301:7-7-05 of the Administrative Code. 

(b) 1207.2.2 Number of means of egress. Type n dry 
cleaning rooms shall have not less than two means of egress 
doors located at opposite ends of the room, at least one of 
which shall lead directly to the outside. 

(c) 1207.2.3 Spill control and secondary containment. 

Curbs, drains, or other provisions for spill control and sec- 
ondary containment shall be provided in accordance with 
paragraph (D)(2)(2704.2) of rule 1301:7-7-27 of the 
Administrative Code to collect solvent leakage and fire pro- 
tection water and direct it to a safe location. 

(3) 1207.3 Solvent storage tanks. Solvent storage tanks for 
Class n, niA and HIB liquids shall conform to the require- 
ments of rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code and be 
located underground or outside, above ground. 

Exception: As provided in NFPA 32 as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code for inside storage 
or treatment tanks. 



(H) SECTION 120e 
FIRE PROTECTION 

(1) 1208.1 General. Where required by this paragraph, fire 
protection systems, devices and equipment shall be installed, 
inspected, tested and maintained in accordance with rule 
1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

(2) 1208.2 Automatic sprinkler system. An automatic sprin- 
kler system shall be installed in accordance with paragraph 
(C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administra- 
tive Code throughout dry cleaning plants containing Type n. 
Type ni-A or Type III-B dry cleaning systems. 

(3) 1208.3 Automatic fire-extinguishing systems. Type n dry 
cleaning units, washer-extractors, and drying tumblers in Type 
n dry cleaning plants shall be provided with an approved auto- 
matic fire-extinguishing system installed and maintained in 
accordance with rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

Exception: Where approved, a manual steam jet not less 
than 0.75 inch (19 mm) with a continuously available steam 
supply at a pressure not less than 15 pounds per square inch 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



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DRY CLEANING 



gauge (psig) (103 kPa) is allowed to be substituted for the 
automatic fire-extinguishing system. 

(4) 1208.4 Portable fire extinguishers. Portable fire 
extinguishers shall be selected, installed and maintained in 
accordance with this paragraph and paragraph (F)(906) of 
rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. A minimum of 
two 2-A:10-B:C portable fire extinguishers shall be provided 
near the doors inside dry cleaning rooms containing Type U, 
Type ni-A and Type lU-B dry cleaning systems. 

Effective Date: July 1, 2007 

Prior Effective Dates: 7/1/79; 6/1/85; 6/15/92; 7/1/93; 9/1/95; 
3/30/98; 9/1/05 



1 86 2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



OHIO ADMINISTRATIVE CODE 1301:7-7-13 

COMBUSTIBLE DUST-PRODUCING OPERATIONS 



(A) SECTION 1301 
GENERAL 

(1) 1301.1 Scope. The equipment, processes and operations 
involving dust explosion hazards shall comply with the provi- 
sions of this rule. 

(2) 1301.2 Permits. Permits shall be required for combustible 
dust-producing operations as set forth in rule 1301:7-7-01 of 
the Administrative Code. 



spark-producing equipment is prohibited in areas where com- 
bustible dust is generated, stored, manufactured, processed or 
handled. 

(2) 1303.2 Housekeeping. Accumulation of combustible dust 
shall be kept to a minimum in the interior of buildings. Accu- 
mulated combustible dust shall be collected by vacuum clean- 
ing or other means that will not place combustible dust into 
suspension in air. Forced air or similar methods shall not be 
used to remove dust from surfaces. 



(B) SECTION 1302 
DEFINITIONS 

(1) 1302.1 Definition. The following word and term shall, for 
the purposes of this rule and as used elsewhere in this code, 
have the meaning shown herein. 

"Combustible dust." Finely divided solid material which is 
420 microns or less in diameter and which, when dispersed in 
air in the proper proportions, could be ignited by a flame, spark 
or other source of ignition. Combustible dust will pass through 
a U.S. No. 40 standard sieve. 



(D) SECTION 1304 
EXPLOSION PROTECTION 

(1) 1304.1 Standards. The fire code official is authorized to 
enforce applicable provisions of the codes and standards Usted in 
Table 1 304. 1 of this rule to prevent and control dust explosions. 

Effective Date: July 1, 2007 

Prior Effective Dates: 7/1/79; 6/1/85; 6/15/92; 7/1/93; 9/1/95; 
3/30/98; 1/03/00; 9/1/05 . 



(C) SECTION 1303 
PRECAUTIONS 

(1) 1303.1 Sources of ignition. Smoking or the use of heating 
or other devices employing an open flame, or the use of 



TABLE 1304.1 
EXPLOSION PROTECTION STANDARDS 



STANDARD 


SUBJECT 


NFPA 61 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code 


Agriculture and food products 


NFPA 69 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code 


Explosion prevention 


NFPA 85 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code 


Boiler and combustion systems hazards 


NFPA 120 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code 


Coal preparation plants 


NFPA 484 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code 


Combustible metals, metal powders and metal dusts 


NFPA 654 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code 


Manufacturing, processing and handling of combusti- 
ble particulate sohds 


NFPA 655 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code 


Prevention of sulfur fires and explosions 


NFPA 664 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code 


Prevention of fires and explosions in wood processing 
and woodworking facihties 


The building code and NFPA 70 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the 
Administrative Code 


Electrical installations 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



187 



1 88 2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



OHIO ADMINISTRATIVE CODE 1301:7-7-14 

FIRE SAFETY DURING CONSTRUCTION AND DEMOLITION 



(A) SECTION 1401 
GENERAL 

(1) 1401.1 Scope. This rule shall apply to structures in the 
course of construction, alteration, or demohtion, including 
those in underground locations. Compliance with NFPA 24 1 as 
listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code is 
required for items not specifically addressed herein. 

(2) 1401.2 Purpose. This rule prescribes minimum safeguards 
for construction, alteration, and demolition operations to pro- 
vide reasonable safety to life and property from fire during 
such operations. 



(B) SECTION 1402 
DEFINITIONS 

(1) 1402.1 Terms defined inrule 1301:7-7-02 of the Adminis- 
trative Code. Words and terms used in this rule and defined in 
rule 1301:7-7-02 of the Administrative Code shall have the 
meanings ascribed to them as defined therein. 



(C) SECTION 1403 
TEMPORARY HEATING EQUIPMENT 

(1) 1403.1 Listed. Temporary heating devices shall be listed 
and labeled in accordance with the mechanical code or the 
International Fuel Gas Code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of 
the Administrative Code. Installation, maintenance and use of 
temporary heating devices shall be in accordance with the 
terms of the hsting. 

(2) 1403.2 Oil-fired heaters. Oil-fired heaters shall comply 
v/ith paragraph (C)(603) of rule 1301:7-7-06 of the Adminis- 
trative Code. 

(3) 1403.3 LP-gas heaters. Fuel supplies for liquefied-petro- 
leum gas-fired heaters shall comply with rule 1301:7-7-38 of 
the Administrative Code and the International Fuel Gas Code 
as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

(4) 1403.4 Refiieling. Refueling operations shall be conducted 
in accordance with paragraph (E)(3405) of rule 1301:7-7-34 

I of the Administrative Code. The equipment or appliance shall 
be allowed to cool prior to refueling. 

(5) 1403.5 Installation. Clearance to combustibles from tem- 
porary heating devices shall be maintained in accordance with 
the labeled equipment. When in operation, temporary heating 
devices shall be fixed in place and protected from damage, dis- 
lodgment or overturning in accordance with the manufac- 
turer's instructions. 

(6) 1403.6 Supervision. The use of temporary heating devices 
shall be supervised and maintained only by competent person- 
nel. 



(D) SECTION 1404 
PRECAUTIONS AGAINST FIRE 

(1) 1404.1 Smoking. Smoking shall be prohibited except in 
approved areas. Signs shall be posted in accordance v^ith para- 
graph (J)(310) of rule 1301:7-7-03 of the Administrative Code. 
In approved areas where smoking is permitted, approved ash- 
trays shall be provided in accordance m\h paragraph (J)(310) 
of rule 1301:7-7-03 of the Administrative Code. 

(2) 1404.2 Waste disposal. Combustible debris shall not be 
accumulated within buildings. Combustible debris, rubbish 
and waste material shall be removed from buildings at the end 
of each shift of work. Combustible debris, rubbish and waste 
material shall not be disposed of by burning on the site unless 
approved. 

(3) 1404.3 Open burning. Open burning shall comply with 
paragraph (G)(307) of rule 1301:7-7-03 of the Administrative 
Code. 

(4) 1404.4 Spontaneous ignition. Materials susceptible to 
spontaneous ignition, such as oily rags, shall be stored in a 
listed disposal container. 

(5) 1404.5 Fire watch. When required by the fire code official 
for building demolition that is hazardous in nature, qualified 
personnel shall be provided to serve as an on-site fire watch. 
Fire watch personnel shall be provided with at least one 
approved means for notification of the fire department and their 
sole duty shall be to perform constant patrols and watch for the 
occurrence of fire. 

(6) 1404.6 Cutting and welding. Operations involving the use 
of cutting and welding shall be done in accordance with rule 
1301:7-7-26 of the Administrative Code. 

(7) 1404.7 Electrical. Temporary wiring for electrical power and 
lighting installations used in connection with the construction, 
alteration or demohtion of buildings, structures, equipment or 
similar activities shall comply with the building code and NFPA 
70 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 



(E) SECTION 1405 
FLAMMABLE AND COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS 

(1) 1405.1 Storage of flammable and combustible liquids. 

Storage of flammable and combustible liquids shall be in 
accordance with paragraph (D)(3404) of rule 1301:7-7-34 of 
the Administrative Code. 

(2) 1405.2 Class I and Class 11 liquids. The storage, use and 
handling of flanunable and combustible liquids at construction 
sites shall be in accordance with paragraph (F)(2)(3406.2) of 
rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code. Ventilation shall 
be provided for operations involving the application of materi- 
als containing flammable solvents. 

(3) 1405.3 Housekeeping. Flanmiable and combustible liquid 
storage areas shall be maintained clear of combustible vegeta- 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



189 



FIRE SAFETY DURING CONSTRUCTION AND DEMOLITION 



tion and waste materials. Such storage areas shall not be used 
for the storage of combustible materials. 

(4) 1405.4 Precautions against fire. Sources of ignition and 
smoking shall be prohibited in flammable and combustible Uq- 
uid storage areas. Signs shall be posted in accordance withpara- 
graph (J)(310) of rule 1301:7-7-03 of the Administrative Code. 

(5) 1405.5 Handling at point of final use. Class I and n liquids 
shall be kept in approved safety containers. 

(6) 1405.6 Leakage and spills. Leaking vessels shall be imme- 
diately repaired or taken out of service and spills shall be 
cleaned up and disposed of properly. 



(F) SECTION 1406 
FLAMMABLE GASES 

(1) 1406.1 Storage and handling. The storage, use and han- 
dling of flammable gases shall comply with rule 1301:7-7-35 
of the Administrative Code. 



(4) 1408.4 Fire protection devices. The fire prevention pro- 
gram superintendent shall determine that aU fire protection 
equipment is maintained and serviced in accordance with this 
code. The quantity and type of fire protection equipment shall 
be approved. 

(5) 1408.5 Hot work operations. The superintendent shall be 
responsible for supervising the permit system for hot work 
operations in accordance with rule 1301:7-7-26 of the Admin- 
istrative Code. 

(6) 1408.6 Impairment of fire protection systems. Impair- 
ments to any fire protection system shall be in accordance with 
paragraph (A)(901) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative 
Code. 

(7) 1408.7 Temporary covering of fire protection devices. 

Coverings placed on or over fire protection devices to protect 
them from damage during construction processes shall be 
immediately removed upon the completion of the construction 
processes in the room or area in which the devices are installed. 



(G) SECTION 1407 
EXPLOSIVE MATERIALS 

(1) 1407.1 Storage and handling. Explosive materials shall be 
stored, used and handled in accordance with rule 1301:7-7-33 
of the Administrative Code. 

(2) 1407.2 Supervision. Blasting operations shall be con- 
ducted in accordance with rule 1301:7-7-33 of the Administra- 
tive Code. 

(3) 1407.3 Demolition using explosives. Approved fire hoses 
for use by demolition personnel shall be maintained at the 
demolition site whenever explosives are used for demolition. 
Such fire hoses shall be connected to an approved water supply 
and shall be capable of being brought to bear on post-detona- 
tion fires anywhere on the site of the demolition operation. 



(H) SECTION 1408 

OWNER'S RESPONSIBILITY FOR FIRE 

PROTECTION 

(1) 1408.1 Program superintendent. The owner shall desig- 
nate a person to be the fire prevention program superintendent 
who shall be responsible for the fire prevention program and 
ensure that it is carried out through completion of the project. 
The fire prevention program superintendent shall have the 
authority to enforce the provisions of this rule and other provi- 
sions as necessary to secure the intent of this rule. Where guard 
service is provided, the superintendent shall be responsible for 
the guard service. 

(2) 1408.2 Prefire plans. The fire prevention program superin- 
tendent shaU develop and maintain an approved prefire plan in 
cooperation with the fire chief. The fire chief and the fire code 
official shall be notified of changes affecting the utilization of 
information contained in such prefire plans. 

(3) 1408.3 Training. Training of responsible personnel in the 
use of fire protection equipment shall be the responsibility of 
the fire prevention program superintendent. 



(I) SECTION 1409 
FIRE ALARM REPORTING 

(1) 1409.1 Emergency telephone. Readily accessible emer- 
gency telephone facilities shall be provided in an approved 
location at the construction site. The street address of the con- 
struction site and the emergency telephone number of the fire 
department shall be posted adjacent to the telephone. 



(J) SECTION 1410 
ACCESS FOR FIRE FIGHTING 

(1) 1410.1 Required access. Approved vehicle access for fire 
fighting shall be provided to all construction or demolition 
sites. Vehicle access shall be provided to within 100 feet (30 
480 mm) of temporary or permanent fire department connec- 
tions. Vehicle access shall be provided by either temporary or 
permanent roads, capable of supporting vehicle loading under 
all weather conditions. Vehicle access shall be maintained until 
permanent fire apparatus access roads are available. 

(2) 1410.2 Key boxes. Key boxes shall be provided as required 
by rule 1301:7-7-05 of the Administrative Code. 



(K) SECTION 1411 
MEANS OF EGRESS 

(1) 1411.1 Stairways required. Where a building has been 
constructed to a height greater than 50 feet ( 1 5 240 nrni) or four 
stories, or where an existing building exceeding 50 feet (15 240 
mm) in height is altered, at least one temporary lighted stairway 
shall be provided unless one or more of the permanent stair- 
ways are erected as the construction progresses. 

(2) 1411.2 Maintenance. Required means of egress shall be 
maintained during construction and demolition, remodeling or 
alterations and additions to any building. 

Exception: Approved temporary means of egress systems 
and faciUties. 



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(3) 1411.3 Stairway floor number signs. Temporary stairway 
floor number signs shall be provided in accordance with the 
requirements of paragraph (L)(l)(g)(1012.1.7) of rule 
1301:7-7-10 of the Administrative Code. 



(L) SECTION 1412 
WATER SUPPLY FOR FIRE PROTECTION 

(1) 1412.1 When required. An approved water supply for fire 
protection, either temporary or permanent, shall be made avail- 
able as soon as combustible material arrives on the site. 



(M) SECTION 1413 
STANDPIPES 

(1) 1413.1 Where required. Buildings four or more stories in 
height shall be provided with not less than one standpipe for 
use during construction. Such standpipes shall be installed 
when the progress of construction is not more than 40 feet (12 
192 mm) in height above the lowest level of fire department 
access. Such standpipe shall be provided with fire department 
hose connections at accessible locations adjacent to usable 
stairs. Such standpipes shall be extended as construction pro- 
gresses to within one floor of the highest point of construction 
having secured decking or flooring. 

(2) 1413.2 Buildings being demolished. Where a building is 
being demolished and a standpipe is existing within such a 
building, such standpipe shall be maintained in an operable 
condition so as to be available for use by the fire department. 
Such standpipe shall be demolished with the building but shall 
not be demolished more than one floor below the floor being 
demoUshed. 

(3) 1413.3 Detailed requirements. Standpipes shall be 
installed in accordance with the provisions of paragraph 
(E)(905) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. 

Exception: Standpipes shall be either temporary or perma- 
nent in nature, and with or without a water supply, provided 
that such standpipes conform to the requirements of para- 
graph (E)(905) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative 
Code as to capacity, outlets and materials. 



(N) SECTION 1414 
AUTOMATIC SPRINKLER SYSTEM 

(1) 1414.1 Completion before occupancy. In buildings where 
an automatic sprinkler system is required by this code or the 
building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administra- 
tive Code, it shall be unlawful to occupy any portion of a build- 
ing or structure until the automatic sprinkler system 
installation has been tested and approved, except as provided in 
paragraph (E)(3)(c)(105.3.3) of rule 1301:7-7-01 of the 
Administrative Code. 

(2) 1414.2 Operation of valves. Operation of sprinkler control 
valves shall be allowed only by properly authorized personnel 
and shall be accompanied by notification of duly designated 
parties. When the sprinkler protection is being regularly turned 
off and on to facilitate connection of newly completed seg- 



ments, the sprinkler control valves shall be checked at the end 
of each work period to ascertain that protection is in service. 



(O) SECTION 1415 
PORTABLE FIRE EXTINGUISHERS 

(1) 1415.1 Where required. Structures under construction, 
alteration or demolition shall be provided with not less than one 
approved portable fire extinguisher in accordance with para- 
graph (F)(906) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code 
and sized for not less than ordinary hazard as follows: 

(a) At each stairway on all floor levels where combustible 
materials have accumulated. 

(b) In every storage and construction shed. 

(c) Additional portable fire extinguishers shall be pro- 
vided where special hazards exist including, but not 
limited to, the storage and use of flammable and com- 
bustible liquids. 



(P) SECTION 1416 
MOTORIZED EQUIPMENT 

(1) 1416.1 Conditions of use. Intemal-combustion-powered 
construction equipment shall be used in accordance with all of 
the following conditions: 

(a) Equipment shall be located so that exhausts do not dis- 
charge against combustible material. 

(b) Exhausts shall be piped to the outside of the building. 

(c) Equipment shall not be refueled while in operation. 

(d) Fuel for equipment shall be stored in an approved area 
outside of the building. 



(Q) SECTION 1417 
SAFEGUARDING ROOFING OPERATIONS 

(1) 1417.1 General. Roofing operations utilizing heat-produc- 
ing systems or other ignition sources shall be performed by a 
contractor licensed and bonded for the type of roofing process 
to be performed. 

(2) 1417.2 Asphalt and tar kettles. Asphalt and tar kettles 
shall be operated in accordance with paragraph (C)(303) of 
rule 1301:7-7-03 of the Administrative Code. 

(3) 1417.3 Fire extinguishers for roofing operations. Fire 
extinguishers shall comply with paragraph (F)(906) of rule 
1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code. There shall be not less 
than one multi-purpose portable fire extinguisher with a mini- 
mum 3- A 40-B :C rating on the roof being covered or repaired. 



Effective Date: July 1, 2007 

Prior Effective Dates: 7/1/79; 6/1/85; 6/15/92; 7/1/93; 
11/27/93; 9/1/95; 1/09/98; 1/03/00; 9/1/05 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



191 



1 92 2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



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FLAMMABLE FINISHES 



(A) SECTION 1501 
GENERAL 

(1) 1501.1 Scope. This rule shall apply to locations or areas 
where any of the following activities are conducted: 

(a) The application of flammable or combustible paint, 
varnish, lacquer, stain, fiberglass resins or other flam- 
mable or combustible Uquid applied by means of spray 
apparatus in continuous or intermittent processes. 

(b) Dip-tank operations in which articles or materials are 
passed through contents of tanks, vats or containers of 
flammable or combustible liquids, including coating, 
finishing, treatment and similar processes. 

(c) The application of combustible powders when applied 
by powder spray guns, electrostatic powder spray guns, 
fluidized beds or electrostatic fluidized beds. 

(d) Floor surfacing or finishing operations in areas exceed- 
ing 350 square feet (32.5 m^). 

(e) The application of dual-component coatings or Class I 
or n Uquids when applied by brush or roller in quanti- 
ties exceeding 1 gallon (4 L). 

(f) Spraying and dipping operations. 

(2) 1501.2 Permits. Permits shall be required as set forth in 
rule 1301:7-7-01 of the Administrative Code. 



(B) SECTION 1502 
DEFINITIONS 

(1) 1502.1 Definitions. The following words and terms shall, 
for the purposes of this rule and as used elsewhere in this code, 
have the meanings shown herein. 

"Detearing." A process for rapidly removing excess wet coat- 
ing material from a dipped or coated object or material by pass- 
ing it through an electrostatic field. 

"Dip tank." A tank, vat or container of flammable or combus- 
tible liquid in which articles or materials are immersed for the 
purpose of coating, finishing, treating and similar processes. 

"Electrostatic fluidized bed." A container holding powder 
coating material that is aerated from below so as to form an 
air-supported expanded cloud of such material that is electri- 
cally charged with a charge opposite to that of the object to be 
coated. Such object is transported through the container imme- 
diately above the charged and aerated materials in order to be 
coated. 

"Flammable finishes." Material coatings in which the mate- 
rial being applied is a flammable liquid, combustible liquid, 
combustible powder or flammable or combustible gel coating. 

"Flammable vapor area." An area in which the concentration 
of flammable constituents (vapor, gas, fume, mist or dust) in air 
exceeds 25 per cent of their lower flammable limit (LFL) 



because of the flammable finish processes operation. It shall 
include: 

1 . The interior of spray booths. 

2. The interior of ducts exhausting from spraying pro- 
cesses. 

3. Any area in the direct path of spray or any area contain- 
ing dangerous quantities of air-suspended powder, com- 
bustible residue, dust, deposits, vapor or mists as a result 
of spraying operations. 

4. The area in the vicinity of dip tanks, drain boards or asso- 
ciated drying, conveying or other equipment during 
operation or shutdown periods. 

The fire code official is authorized to determine the extent of 
the flammable vapor area, taking into consideration the mate- 
rial characteristics of the flammable materials, the degree of 
sustained ventilation and the nature of the operations. 

"Fluidized bed." A container holding powder coating material 
that is aerated from below so as to form an air-supported 
expanded cloud of such material through which the preheated 
object to be coated is immersed and transported. 

"Limited spraying space." An area in which spraying opera- 
tions for touch-up or spot painting of a surface area of 9 square 
feet (0.84 m^) or less are conducted. 

"Resin application area." An area where reinforced plastics 
are used to manufacture products by hand lay-up or spray-fab- 
rication methods. 

"Roll coating." The process of coating, spreading and impreg- 
nating fabrics, paper or other materials as they are passed 
directly through a tank or trough containing flammable or com- 
bustible liquids, or over the surface of a roller revolving par- 
tially submerged in a flammable or combustible liquid. 

"Spray booth." A mechanically ventilated appliance of vary- 
ing dimensions and construction provided to enclose or accom- 
modate a spraying operation and to confine and limit the escape 
of spray vapor and residue and to exhaust it safely. 

"Spray room." A room designed to accommodate spraying 
operations constructed in accordance with the building code as 
listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code and sepa- 
rated from the remainder of the building by a minimum 1-hour 
fire barrier. 

"Spraying space." An area in which dangerous quantities of 
flammable vapors or combustible residues, dusts or deposits 
are present due to the operation of spraying processes. The fire 
code official is authorized to define the limits of the spraying 
space in any specific case. 



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(C) SECTION 1503 
PROTECTION OF OPERATIONS 

(1) 1503.1 General. Operations covered by this rule shall be 
protected as required by paragraphs (C)(2)(1503.2) to 
(C)(4)(d)( 1503.4.4) of this rule. 

(2) 1503.2 Sources of ignition. Protection against sources of 
ignition shall be provided in accordance with paragraphs 
(C}(2)(a)(1503.2.1) to (C)(2)(h)(1503.2.8) of this rule. 

(a) 1503.2.1 Electrical wiring and equipment. Electrical 
wiring and equipment shall comply with this rule and the 
building code andNFPA 70 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of 
the Administrative Code. 

(i) 1503.2.1.1 Flammable vapor areas. Electrical wir- 
ing and equipment in flanunable vapor areas shall be of 
an explosion-proof type approved for use in such hazard- 
ous locations. Such areas shall be considered to be Class 
I, Division 1 or Class 11, Division 1 hazardous locations 
in accordance with the building code and NFPA 70 as 
listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. 

(ii) 1503.2.1.2 Areas subject to deposits of residues. 

Electrical equipment flammable vapor areas or drying 
operations that are subject to splashing or dripping of liq- 
uids shall be specifically approved for locations contain- 
ing deposits of readily ignitable residue and explosive 
vapors. 

Exceptions: 

1 . This provision shall not apply to wiring in rigid 
conduit, threaded boxes or fittings not contain- 
ing taps, splices or terminal connections. 

2. This provision shall not apply to electrostatic 
equipment allowed by paragraph (G)(1507) of 
this rule. 

In resin application areas, electrical wiring and equip- 
ment that is subject to deposits of combustible residues 
shall be listed for such exposure and shall be installed as 
required for hazardous (classified) locations. Electrical 
wiring and equipment not subject to deposits of combus- 
tible residues shall be installed as required for ordinary 
hazard locations. 

(iii) 1503.2.1.3 Areas adjacent to spray booths. Elec- 
trical wiring and equipment located outside of, but 
within 5 feet (1524 mm) horizontally and 3 feet (914 
mm) vertically of openings in a spray booth or a spray 
room shall be approved for Class I, Division 2 or Class n. 
Division 2 hazardous locations, whichever is applicable. 

(iv) 1503.2.1.4 Areas subject to overspray deposits. 

Electrical equipment in flammable vapor areas located 
such that deposits of combustible residues could readily 
accumulate thereon shall be specifically approved for 
locations containing deposits of readily ignitable residue 
and explosive vapors in accordance with the building 
code and NFPA 70 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the 
Administrative Code. 

Exceptions: 

1. Wiring in rigid conduit. 



2. Boxes or fittings not containing taps, splices or 
terminal connections. 

3. Equipment allowed by paragraphs (D)(1504) 
and (G)(1507) of this rule and rule 
1301:7-7-21 of the Administrative Code. 

(b) 1503.2.2 Open flames and sparks. Open fiames and 
spark-producing devices shall not be located in flammable 
vapor areas and shall not be located within 20 feet (6096 
mm) of such areas unless separated by a permanent parti- 
tion. 

Exception: Drying and baking apparatus complying 
-with paragraph (D)(6)(a)(ii)( 1 504.6.1 .2) of this rule. 

(c) 1503.2.3 Hot surfaces. Heated surfaces having a tem- 
perature sufficient to ignite vapors shall not be located in 
flammable vapor areas. Space heating appliances, steam 
pipes or hot surfaces in a flammable vapor area shall be 
located such that they are not subject to accumulation of 
deposits of combustible residues. 

Exception: Drying apparatus complying with para- 
graph (D)(6)(a)(ii)(1504.6.1.2) of this rule. 

(d) 1503.2.4 Equipment enclosures. Equipment or appara- 
tus that is capable of producing sparks or particles of hot 
metal that would fall into a flammable vapor area shall be 
totally enclosed. 

(e) 1503.2.5 Grounding. Metal parts of spray booths, 
exhaust ducts and piping systems conveying Class I or II Uq- 
uids shall be electrically grounded in accordance with the 
building code andNFPA 70 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of 
the Administrative Code. Metallic parts located in resin 
application areas, including but not limited to exhaust ducts, 
ventilation fans, spray application equipment, workpieces 
and piping, shall be electrically grounded. 

(f) 1503.2.6 Smoking prohibited. Smoking shall be pro- 
hibited in flammable vapor areas and hazardous materials 
storage rooms associated with flammable finish processes. 
"No Smoking" signs complying -with paragraph (J)(310) of 
rule 1301:7-7-03 of the Administrative Code shall be con- 
spicuously posted in such areas. 

(g) 1503.2.7 Welding warning signs. Welding, cutting and 
similar spark-producing operations shall not be conducted 
in or adjacent to flammable vapor areas or dipping or coat- 
ing operations unless precautions have been taken to pro- 
vide safety. Conspicuous signs with the following warning 
shall be posted in the vicinity of flammable vapor areas, dip- 
ping operations and paint storage rooms: 

NO WELDING 

THE USE OF WELDING OR CUTTING EQUIPMENT 

IN OR NEAR THIS AREA IS DANGEROUS BECAUSE 

OF FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARDS. WELDING 

AND CUTTING SHALL BE DONE ONLY UNDER 

THE SUPERVISION OF THE PERSON IN CHARGE. 

(h) 1503.2.8 Powered industrial trucks. Powered indus- 
trial trucks used in electrically classified areas shall be listed 
for such use. 



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(3) 1503.3 Storage, use and handling of flammable and 
combustible liquids. The storage, use and handling of flam- 
mable and combustible liquids shall be in accordance with this 
paragraph and rule 1301:7-7-34 of the Administrative Code. 

(a) 1503.3.1 Use. Containers supplying spray nozzles shall 
be of a closed type or provided with metal covers which are 
kept closed. Containers not resting on floors shall be on 
noncombustible supports or suspended by wire cables. Con- 
tainers supplying spray nozzles by gravity flow shall not 
exceed 10 gallons (37.9 L) in capacity. 

(b) 1503.3.2 Valves. Containers and piping to which a hose 
or flexible connection is attached shall be provided with a 
shut-off valve at the connection. Such valves shall be kept 
shut when hoses are not in use. 

(c) 1503.3.3 Pumped liquid supplies. Where flammable or 
combustible liquids are supplied to spray nozzles by posi- 
tive displacement pumps, pump discharge lines shall be pro- 
vided with an approved relief valve discharging to pump 
suction or a safe detached location. 

(d) 1503.3.4 Liquid transfer. Where a flammable mixture 
is transferred from one portable container to another, a bond 
shall be provided between the two containers. At least one 
container shall be grounded. Piping systems for Class I and 
Class n liquids shall be permanently grounded. 

(e) 1503.3.5 Class I liquids as solvents. Class I liquids used 
as solvents shall be used in spray gun and equipment clean- 
ing machines that have been hsted and approved for such 
purpose or shall be used in spray booths or spray rooms in 
accordance with paragraphs (C)(3)(e)(i)(1503.3.5.1) and 
(C)(3)(e)(ii}(1503.3.5.2) of this rule. 

(i) 1503.3.5.1 Listed devices. Cleaning machines for 
spray guns and equipment shall not be located in areas 
open to the public and shall be separated from ignition 
sources in accordance with their listings or by a distance 
of 3 feet (914 mm), whichever is greater. The quantity of 
solvent used in a machine shall not exceed tihe design 
capacity of the machine. 

(ii) 1503.3.5.2 Within spray booths and spray rooms. 

When solvents are used for cleaning spray nozzles and 
auxiliary equipment within spray booths and spray 
rooms, the ventilating equipment shall be operated dur- 
ing cleaning. 

(f) 1503.3.6 Class II and Class HI Uquids. Solvents used 
outside of spray booths, spray rooms or listed and approved 
spray gun and equipment cleaning machines shall be 
restricted to Class n and in liquids. 

(4) 1503.4 Operations and maintenance. Flammable vapor 
areas, exhaust fan blades and exhaust ducts shall be kept free 
from the accumulation of deposits of combustible residues. 
Where excessive residue accumulates in such areas, spraying 
operations shall be discontinued until conditions are corrected. 

(a) 1503.4.1 Tools. Scrapers, spuds and other tools used for 
cleaning purposes shall be constructed of nonsparking 
materials. 



(b) 1503.4.2 Residue. Residues removed during cleaning 
and debris contaminated with residue shall be immediately 
removed from the premises and properly disposed. 

(c) 1503.4.3 Waste cans. Approved metal waste cans 
equipped with self-closing lids shall be provided wherever 
rags or waste are impregnated with finishing material. Such 
rags and waste shall be deposited therein immediately after 
being utilized. The contents of waste cans shall be properly 
disposed of at least once daily and at the end of each shift. 

(d) 1503.4.4 Solvent recycling. Solvent distillation equip- 
ment used to recycle and clean dirty solvents shall comply 
v/ith paragraph (E)(4)(3405.4) of rule 1301:7-7-34 of the 
Administrative Code. 



(D) SECTION 1504 
SPRAY FINISHING 

(1) 1504.1 General. The application of flammable or combus- 
tible liquids by means of spray apparatus in continuous or 
intermittent processes shall be in accordance with the require- 
ments of paragraphs (C)(1503) and (D)(1504) of this rule. 

(2) 1504.2 Location of spray-finishing operations. 

Spray-finishing operations conducted in buildings used for 
Group A, E, I or R occupancies shall be located in a spray room 
protected with an approved automatic sprinkler system 
installed in accordance withparagraph (C)(3)(a)(i)(903.3.1.1) 
of rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code and separated 
vertically and horizontally from other areas in accordance with 
the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Adminis- 
trative Code. In other occupancies, spray-finishing operations 
shall be conducted in a spray room, spray booth or limited 
spraying space approved for such use. 

Exceptions: 

1. Automobile undercoating spray operations and 
spray-on automotive lining operations conducted in 
areas with approved natural or mechanical ventilation 
shall be exempt from the provisions of paragraph 
(D)(1504) of this rule when approved and where uti- 
lizing Class ULA or DIB combustible liquids. 

2. In buildings other than Group A, E, I or R occupan- 
cies, approved limited spraying space in accordance 
with paragraph (D)(9)( 1504.9) of this rule. 

3. Resin application areas used for manufacturing of 
reinforced plastics complying with paragraph 
(1)(1509) of this rule shall not be required to be 
located in a spray room, spray booth or spraying 
space. 

(3) 1504.3 Design and construction. Design and construction 
of spray rooms, spray booths and spray spaces shall be in 
accordance with paragraphs (D)(3)(1504.3) to 
(D)(3)(c)(i)(1504.3.3.1) of this rule. 

(a) 1504.3.1 Spray rooms. Spray rooms shall be con- 
structed and designed in accordance with this paragraph and 
the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Admin- 
istrative Code, and shall comply with paragraphs 
(D)(4)( 1504.4) to (D)(8)( 1504.8) of this rule. 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



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(i) 1504.3.1.1 Floor. Combustible floor construction in 
spray rooms shall be covered by approved, 
noncombustible, nonsparking material, except where 
combustible coverings, including but not limited to thin 
paper or plastic and strippable coatings are utilized over 
noncombustible materials to facilitate cleaning opera- 
tions in spray rooms. 

(b) 1504.3.2 Spray booths. The design and construction of 
spray booths shall be in accordance with paragraphs 
(D)(3)(b)(i)(1504.3.2.1) to (D)(3)(b)(vi)(1504.3.2.6) of this 
rule, paragraphs(D)(4)( 1504.4) to (D)(8)( 1504.8) of this 
rule, and NFPA 33 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the 
Administrative Code. 

(i) 1504.3.2.1 Construction. Spray booths shall be con- 
structed of approved noncombustible materials. Alumi- 
num shall not be used. Where walls or ceiling assemblies 
are constructed of sheet metal, single-skin assemblies 
shall be no thinner than 0.0478 inch (18 gage) (1.2 mm) 
and each sheet of double-skin assemblies shall be no 
thinner than 0.0359 inch (20 gage) (0.9 mm). Structural 
sections of spray booths are allowed to be sealed with 
latex-based or similar caulks and sealants. 

(ii) 1504.3.2.2 Surfaces. The interior surfaces of spray 
booths shall be smooth; shall be constructed so as to per- 
mit the free passage of exhaust air from all parts of the 
interior and to facilitate washing and cleaning, and shall 
be designed to confine residues within the booth. Alumi- 
num shall not be used. 

(iii) 1504.3.2.3 Floor. Combustible floor construction in 
spray booths shall be covered by approved, 
noncombustible, nonsparking material, except where 
combustible coverings, included but not limited to thin 
paper or plastic and strippable coatings are utilized over 
noncombustible materials to facilitate cleaning opera- 
tions in spray booths. 

(iv) 1504.3.2.4 Means of egress. Means of egress shall 
be provided in accordance with rule 1301:7-7-10 of the 
Administrative Code. 

Exception: Means of egress doors from 
premanufactured spray booths shall not be less than 
30 inches (762 mm) in width by 80 inches (2032 mm) 
in height. 

(v) 1504.3.2.5 Clear space. Spray booths shall be 
installed so that all parts of the booth are readily accessi- 
ble for cleaning. A clear space of not less than 3 feet (914 
mm) shall be maintained on all sides of the spray booth. 
This clear space shall be kept free of any storage or com- 
bustible construction. 

Exceptions: 

1. This requirement shall not prohibit locating a 
spray booth closer than 3 feet (914 mm) to or 
directly against an interior partition, wall or 
floor/ceiling assembly, that has a fire-resis- 
tance rating of not less than 1 hour, provided the 
spray booth can be adequately maintained and 
cleaned. 



2. This requu-ement shall not prohibit locating a 
spray booth closer than 3 feet (914 mm) to an 
exterior wall or a roof assembly provided the 
wall or roof is constructed of noncombustible 
material and the spray booth can be adequately 
maintained and cleaned. 

(vi) 1504.3.2.6 Size. The aggregate area of spray booths 
in a building shall not exceed the lesser of 10 per cent of 
the area of any floor of a building or the basic area 
allowed for a Group H-2 occupancy without area 
increases, as set forth in the building code as listed in rule 
1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. The area of an 
individual spray booth in a building shall not exceed the 
lesser of the aggregate size limit or 1,500 square feet 
(139 m2). 

Exception: One individual booth not exceeding 500 
square feet (46 m^). 

(c) 1504.3.3 Spraying spaces. Spraying spaces shall be 
designed and constructed in accordance with the building 
code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative 
Code and paragraphs (D)(3)(c)(i)(1504.3.3.1) and 
(D)(4)(1504.4) to (D)(8)(1504.8) of this rule. 

(i) 1504.3.3.1 Floor. Combustible floor construction in 
spraying spaces shall be covered by approved, 
noncombustible, nonsparking material, except where 
combustible coverings, such as thin paper or plastic and 
strippable coatings are utilized over noncombustible 
materials to facilitate cleaning operations in spraying 
spaces. 

(4) 1504.4 Fire protection. Spray booths and spray rooms 
shall be protected by an approved automatic fire-extinguishing 
system complying with rule 1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative 
Code. Protection shall also extend to exhaust plenums, exhaust 
ducts and both sides of dry filters when such filters are used. 

(a) 1504.4.1 Fire extinguishers. Portable fire extinguishers 
complying "wiih paragraph (F)(906) of rule 1301:7-7-09 of 
the Administrative Code shall be provided for spraying 
areas in accordance with the requirements for an extra 
(high) hazard occupancy. 

(5) 1504.5 Housekeeping, maintenance and storage of haz- 
ardous materials. Housekeeping, maintenance, storage and 
use of hazardous materials shall be in accordance with para- 
graphs (C)(3)(1503.3), (C)(4)(1503.4), (D)(5)(a)(1504.5.1) 
and (D)(5)(b)( 1504.5.2) of this rule. 

(a) 1504.5.1 Different coatings. Spray booths, spray rooms 
and spraying spaces shall not be alternately utilized for dif- 
ferent types of coating materials where the combination of 
materials is conducive to spontaneous ignition, unless all 
deposits of one material are removed from the booth, room 
or space and exhaust ducts prior to spraying with a different 
material. 

(b) 1504.5.2 Protection of sprinklers. Automatic sprin- 
klers installed in flammable vapor areas shall be protected 
from the accumulation of residue from spraying operations 
in an approved manner. Bags used as a protective covering 
shall be 0.003-inch-thick (0.076 mm) polyethylene or cello- 
phane or shall be thin paper. Automatic sprinklers contami- 



196 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



FLAMMABLE FINISHES 



nated by overspray particles shall be replaced with new 
automatic sprinklers. 

(6) 1504.6 Sources of ignition. Control of sources of ignition 
shaU be in accordance with paragraphs (C)(2)(1503.2) and 
(D)(6)(a)( 1504.6.1) to (D)(6)(b)(iv)( 1504,6.2.4) of this rule. 

(a) 1504.6.1 Drying operations. Spray booths and spray 
rooms shall not be alternately used for the purpose of drying 
by arrangements or methods that could cause an increase in 
the surface temperature of the spray booth or spray room 
except in accordance with paragraphs 

(D)(6)(a)(i)(1504.6.1J) and (D)(6)(a)(b)(1504.6.1.2) of 
this rule. Except as specifically provided in this paragraph, 
drying or baking units utilizing a heating system having 
open flames or that are capable of producing sparks shall not 
be installed in a flammable vapor area, 

(i) 1504.6,1.1 Spraying procedure. The spraying pro- 
cedure shall use low-volume spray application. 

(ii) 1504.6.1.2 Drying apparatus. Fixed drying appara- 
tus shaU comply with this rule and the applicable provi- 
sions of rule 1301:7-7-21 of the Administrative Code. 
When recirculation ventilation is provided in accordance 
with paragraph (D)(7)(b)( 1504.7.2) of this rule, the 
heating system shall not be within the recirculation air 
path. 

(a) 1504.6.1.2.1 Interlocks. The spraying apparatus, 
drying apparatus and ventilating system for the spray 
booth or spray room shall be equipped with interlocks 
arranged to: 

(i) Prevent operation Of the spraying apparatus 
while drying operations are in progress. 

(ii) Purge spray vapors from the spray booth or 
spray room for a period of not less than 3 min- 
utes before the drying apparatus is rendered 
operable. 

(Hi) Have the ventilating system maintain a safe 
atmosphere within the spray booth or spray 
room during the drying process and automati- 
cally shut off drying apparatus in the event of 
a failure of the ventilating system. 

(iv) Shut off the drying apparatus automatically if 
the air temperature within the booth exceeds 
200T (93T). 

(b) 1504.6.1.2.2 Portable infrared apparatus. 

When a portable infrared drying apparatus is used, 
electrical wiring and portable infrared drying equip- 
ment shall comply with the building code andNFPA 
70 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative 
Code. Electrical equipment located within 18 inches 
(457 mm) of floor level shall be approved for Class I, 
Division 2 hazardous locations. Metallic parts of dry- 
ing apparatus shall be electrically bonded and 
grounded. During spraying operations, portable dry- 
ing apparatus and electrical connections and wiring 
thereto shall not be located within spray booths, spray 
rooms or other areas where spray residue would be 
deposited thereon. 



(b) 1504.6.2 Illumination. Where spraying spaces, spray 
rooms or spray booths are illuminated through glass panels 
or other transparent materials, only fixed luminaires shall be 
utUized as a source of illumination. 

(i) 1504.6.2.1 Glass panels. Panels for luminaires or for 
observation shall be of heat-treated glass, wired glass or 
hammered wire glass and shall be sealed to confine 
vapors, mists, residues, dusts and deposits to the flamma- 
ble vapor area. Panels for luminaires shall be separated 
from the luminaire to prevent the surface temperature of 
the panel firom exceeding 200T (QS^C). 

(ii) 1504.6.2.2 Exterior luminaires. Luminaires 
attached to the walls or ceilings of a flammable vapor 
area, but outside of any classified area and separated 
from the flammable vapor areas by vapor-tight glass pan- 
els, shall be suitable for use in ordinary hazard locations. 
Such luminaires shall be serviced fi-om outside the flam- 
mable vapor areas. 

(iii) 1504,6.2.3 Integral luminaires. Luminaires that are 
an integral part of the walls or ceiling of a flammable 
vapor area are allowed to be separated from the flamma- 
ble vapor area by glass panels that are an integral part of 
the luminaire. Such luminaires shall be Usted for use in 
Class I, Division 2 or Class H, Division 2 locations, 
whichever is applicable, and also shall be suitable for 
accumulations of deposits of combustible residues. Such 
luminaires are allowed to be serviced fi-om inside the 
flammable vapor area. 

(iv) 1504.6.2.4 Portable electric lamps. Portable elec- 
tric lamps shall not be used in flammable vapor areas 
during spraying operations. Portable electric lamps used 
during cleaning or repairing operations shall be of a type 
approved for hazardous locations. 

(7) 1504.7 Ventilation. Mechanical ventilation of flammable 
vapor areas shall be provided in accordance with Section 510 
of the mechanical code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the 
Administrative Code. 

(a) 1504.7.1 Operation. Mechanical ventilation shall be 
kept in operation at all times while spraying operations are 
being conducted and for a sufficient time thereafter to allow 
vapors from drying coated articles and finishing material 
residue to be exhausted. Spraying equipment shall be inter- 
locked with the ventilation of the flammable vapor areas 
such that spraying operations cannot be conducted unless 
the ventilation system is in operation. 

(b) 1504.7.2 Recirculation. Air exhausted from spraying 
operations shall not be recirculated. 

Exceptions: 

1 . Air exhausted from spraying operations is allowed 
to be recirculated as makeup air for uimianned 
spray operations, provided that: 

1.1. The solid particulate has been removed. 

1.2. The vapor concentration is less than 25 per 
cent of the LFL, 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



197 



FLAMMABLE FINISHES 



1.3. Approved equipment is used to monitor 
the vapor concentration. 

1.4. When the vapor concentration exceeds 25 
per cent of the LFL, the following shaU 
occur: 

a. An alarm shall sound; and 

b. Spray operations shall be automati- 
cally shut down. 

1 .5. In the event of shutdown of the vapor con- 
centration monitor, 100 per cent of the air 
volume specified in Section 510 of the 
mechanical code as listed in rule 
J 301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code is 
automatically exhausted. 

2. Air exhausted from spraying operations is allowed 
to be recirculated as makeup air to manned spray- 
ing operations where all of the conditions provided 
in Exception 1 are included in the installation and 
documents have been prepared to show that the 
instaOation does not pose a life safety hazard to 
personnel inside the spray booth, spraying sp^e or 
spray room. 

(c) 1504.7.3 Air velocity. Ventilation systems shall be 
designed, installed and maintained such that the average air 
velocity over the open face of the booth, or booth cross sec- 
tional in the direction of airflow during spraying operations, 
shall not be less than 100 feet per minute (0.51 m/s). 

(d) 1504.7.4 Ventilation obstruction. Articles being 
sprayed shall be positioned in a manner that does not 
obstruct collection of overspray. 

(e) 1504.7.5 Independent ducts. Each spray booth and 
spray room shall have an independent exhaust duct system 
discharging to the outside. 

Exceptions: 

1. Multiple spray booths having a combined frontal 
area of 18 square feet (1.67 m^) or less are allowed 
to have a common exhaust when identical 
spray-fmishing material is used in each booth. If 
more than one fan serves one booth, fans shall be 
interconnected such that all fans operate simulta- 
neously. 

2. Where treatment of exhaust is necessary for air 
pollution control or for energy conservation, ducts 
shall be allowed to be manifolded if all of the fol- 
lowing conditions are met: 

2. 1. The sprayed materials used are compatible 
and wiU not react or cause ignition of the 
residue in the ducts. 

2.2. Nitrocellulose-based finishing material 
shall not be used. 

2.3. A fdtering system shall be provided to 
reduce the amount of overspray carried 
into the duct manifold. 

2.4. Automatic sprinkler protection shall be 
provided at the junction of each booth 



exhaust with the manifold, in addition to 
the protection required by this rule. 

(£) 1504.7.6 Termination point. The termination point for 
exhaust ducts discharging to the atmosphere shall not be 
less than the following distances: 

(i) Ducts conveying explosive or flammable vapors, 
fumes or dusts : 30 feet (9 144 mm) from the property 
Mne; 10 feet (3048 mm) from openings into the 
building; 6 feet (1829 mm) from exterior walls and 
roofs; 30 feet (9144 mm) from combustible walls or 
openings into the building that are in the direction of 
the exhaust discharge; 10 feet (3048 mm) above 
adjoining grade. 

(ii) Other product-conveying outlets: 10 feet (3048 
mm) from the property Une; 3 feet (914 nmi) from 
exterior walls and roofs; 10 feet (3048 mm) from 
openings into the building; 10 feet (3048 mm) above 
adjoining grade. 

(g) 1504.7.7 Fan motors and belts. Electric motors driving 
exhaust fans shall not be placed inside booths or ducts. Fan 
rotating elements shall be nonferrous or nonsparking or the 
casing shaU consist of, or be lined with, such material. Belts 
shall not enter the duct or booth unless the beh and pulley 
within the duct are tightly enclosed. 

(h) 1504.7.8 Filters. Air intake filters that are part of a wall 
or ceiling assembly shall be listed as Class I or n in accor- 
dance with UL 900 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the 
Administrative Code. Exhaust filters shall be required. 

(i) 1504.7.8.1 Supports. Supports and holders for filters 
shall be constructed of noncombustible materials. 

(ii) 1504.7.8.2 Attachment. Overspray collection filters 
shall be readOy removable and accessible for cleaning or 
replacement. 

(iii) 1504.7.8.3 Maintaining air velocity. Visible 
gauges, audible alarms or pressure-activated devices 
shall be installed to indicate or ensure that die required 
air velocity is maintained. 

(iv) 1504.7.8.4 Filter rolls. Spray boodis equipped with 
a filter roll that is automatically advanced when the air 
velocity is reduced to less than 100 feet per minute (0.5 1 
m/s) shall be arranged to shut down the spraying opera- 
tion if the filter roll fails to advance automatically. 

(v) 1504.7.8.5 Filter disposal. Discarded filter pads 
shall be immediately removed to a safe, detached loca- 
tion or placed in a noncombustible container with a 
tight-fitting lid and disposed of properly. 

(vi) 1504.7.8.6 Spontaneous ignition. Spray booths 
using dry filters shall not be used for spraying materials 
that are highly susceptible to spontaneous heating and 
ignition. Filters shall be changed prior to spraying mate- 
rials that could react with other materials previously col- 
lected. An example of a potentially reactive combination 
mcludes lacquer when combined with varnishes, stains 
or primers. 



198 



2Q07 OHIO FIRE CODE 



FLAMMABLE FINISHES 



(vii) 1504.7.8.7 Waterwash spray booths. Waterwash 
spray booths shall be of an approved design so as to pre- 
vent excessive accumulation of deposits in ducts and res- 
idue at duct outlets. Such booths shall be arranged so that 
air and overspray are drawn through a continuously 
flowing water curtain before entering an exhaust duct to 
the building exterior. 

(8) 1504.8 Interlocks. Interlocks for spray application finishes 
shall be in accordance with paragraphs (D)(8)(1504.8) to 
(D)(8)(b)( 1504.8.2) of this rule. 

(a) 1504.8.1 Automated spray application operations. 

Where protecting automated spray application operations, 
automatic fire-extinguishing systems shall be equipped 
with an approved interlock feature that will, upon discharge 
of the system, automatically stop the spraying operations 
and workpiece conveyors into and out of the flammable 
vapor areas. Where the building is equipped with a fire 
alarm system, discharge of the automatic fire-extinguishing 
system shall also activate the building alarm notification 
appliances. 

(i) 1504.8.1.1 Alarm station. A manual fire alarm and 
emergency system shutdown station shall be installed to 
serve each flammable vapor area. When activated, the 
station shall accomplish the functions indicated in para- 
graph (D)(8)(a)( 1504.8.1} of this rule. 

(ii) 1504.8.1.2 Alarm station location. At least one such 
station shall be readily accessible to operating personnel. 
Where access to this station is likely to involve exposure 
to danger, an additional station shall be located adjacent 
to an exit fi-om the area. 

(b) 1504.8.2 Ventilation interlock prohibited. Air 

makeup and flammable vapor area exhaust systems shall not 
be interlocked with the fire alarm system and shall remain in 
operation during a fire alarm condition. 

Exception: Where the type of fire-extinguishing system 
used requires such ventilation to be discontinued, air 
makeup and exhaust systems shall shut down and damp- 
ers shall close. 

(9) 1504.9 Limited spraying spaces. Limited spraying spaces 
shall comply with paragraphs (D)(9)(a)(1504. 9.1) to 
(D)(9)(d)( 1504.9.4) of this rule. 

(a) 1504.9.1 Job size. The aggregate surface area to be 
sprayed shall not exceed 9 square feet (0.84 m^). 

(b) 1504.9.2 Frequency. Spraying operations shall not be 
of a continuous nature. 

(c) 1504.9.3 Ventilation. Positive mechanical ventilation 
providing a minimum of six complete air changes per hour 
shall be installed. Such system shall meet the requirements 
of this code for handling flammable vapor areas. Explosion 
venting is not required. 

(d) 1504.9.4 Electrical wiring. Electrical wiring within 10 
feet (3048 mm) of the floor and 20 feet (6096 mm) horizon- 
tally of the limited spraying space shall be designed for 
Class I, Division 2 locations in accordance with the building 
code and NFPA 70 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the 
Administrative Code. 



(E) SECTION 1505 
DIPPING OPERATIONS 

(1) 1505.1 General. Dip-tank operations shall comply with the 
requirements of paragraph (C)(1503) of this rule and this 
paragraph. 

(2) 1505.2 Location of dip-tank operations. Dip-tank opera- 
tions conducted in buildings used for Group A, I or R occupan- 
cies shall be located in a room designed for that purpose, 
equipped with an approved automatic sprinkler system, and 
separated vertically and horizontally from other areas in accor- 
dance with the building code as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of 
the Administrative Code. 

(3) 1505.3 Construction of dip tanks. Dip tanks shall be con- 
structed in accordance v^ith paragraphs (E)(3)(a)(1505.3.1) to 
(E)(3)(d)(iii)(1505.3.4.3) of this rule and ^fFPA 34 as listed in 
rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. Dip tanks, 
including drain boards, shall be constructed of noncombustible 
material and their supports shall be of heavy metal, reinforced 
concrete or masonry. 

(a) 1505.3.1 Overflow. Dip tanks greater than 150 gallons 
(568 L) in capacity or 10 square feet (0.93 m^) in liquid sur- 
face area shall be equipped with a trapped overflow pipe 
leading to an approved location outside the building, llie 
bottom of the overflow connection shall not be less than 6 
inches (152 mm) below the top of the tank. 

(b) 1505.3.2 Bottom drains. Dip tanks greater than 500 
gallons (1893 L) in liquid capacity shall be equipped with 
bottom drains that are arranged to automaticcilly and manu- 
ally drain the tank quickly in the event of a fire unless the 
viscosity of the liquid at normal atmospheric temperature 
makes tMs impractical. Manual operation shall be from a 
safe, accessible location. Where gravity flow is not practica- 
ble, automatic pumps shall be provided. Such drains shall be 
trapped and discharged to a closed, vented salvage tank or to 
an approved outside location. 

Exception: Dip tanks containing Class niB combustible 
liquids where the liquids are not heated above room tem- 
perature, and the process area is protected by automatic 
sprinklers. 

(c) 1505.3.3 Dipping liquid temperature control. Protec- 
tion against the accumulation of vapors, self-ignition and 
excessively high temperatures shall be provided for dipping 
liquids that are heated directly or heated by the surfaces of 
the object being dipped. 

(d) 1505.3.4 Dip-tank covers. Dip-tank covers allowed by 
paragraph (E)(4)(a)( 1505.4.1) of this rule shall be capable 
of manual operation and shall be automatic closing by 
approved automatic-closing devices designed to operate in 
the event of fire. 

(i) 1505.3.4.1 Construction. Covers shall be con- 
structed of noncombustible material or be of a tin-clad 
type with enclosing metal apphed with locked joints. 

(ii) 1505.3.4.2 Supports. Chain or wire rope shall be uti- 
lized for cover supports or operating mechanisms. 

(iii) 1505.3.4.3 Closed covers. Covers shall be kept 
closed when tanks are not in use. 



2007 OHIO FIRE CODE 



199 



FLAMMABLE FINISHES 



(4) 1505.4 Fire pii^tection. Dip-tank operations shall be pro- 
tected in accordance with paragraphs (E)(4)(a)( 1505.4.1) to 
(E)(4)(b)( 1505.4.2} of this rule. 

(a) 1505.4.1 Fixed fire-extinguishing equipment. An 

approved automatic fire-extinguishing system or dip-tank 
cover in accordance with paragraph (E)(7)(1505.7) of this 
rule shall be provided for the following dip tanks: 

1. Dip tanks less than 150 gallons (568 L) in capacity or 
10 square feet (0.93 m^) in liquid surface area. 

2. Dip tanks containing a liquid with a flash point below 
1 10°F (43*'C) used in such manner that the Uquid tem- 
perature could equal or be greater than its flash point 
from artificial or natural causes, and having both a 
capacity of more than 10 gallons (37.9 L) and a liquid 
surface area of more than 4 square feet (0.37 m^). 

(i) 1505.4.1.1 Fire-extinguishing system. An approved 
automatic fire-extinguishing system shall be provided 
for dip tanks with a 150-gallon (568 L) or more capacity 
or 10 square feet (0.93 m^) or larger in a liquid surface 
area. Fire-extinguishing system design shall be in accor- 
dance with NFPA 34 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the 
Administrative Code. 

(b) 1505.4.2 Portable fire extinguishers. Areas in the 
vicinity of dip tanks shall be provided with portable fire 
extinguishers complying with paragraph (F)(906) of rule 
1301:7-7-09 of the Administrative Code and suitable for 
flammable and combustible liquid fires as specified for 
extra (high) hazard occupancies. 

(5) 1505.5 Housekeeping, maintenance and storage of haz- 
ardous materials. Housekeeping, maintenance, storage and 
use of hazardous materials shall be in accordance with para- 
graphs (C}(3)( 1503.3} and (C}(4}( 1503.4) of this rule. 

<6) 1505.6 Sources of ignition. Control of sources of ignition 
shall be in accordance with paragraph (C}(2)(1503.2) of this 
rule. 

(7) 1505.7 Ventilation of flammable vapor areas. Flammable 
vapor areas shall be provided with mechanical ventilation ade- 
quate to prevent the dangerous accumulation of vapors. 
Required ventilation systems shall be arranged such that the 
failure of any ventilating fan shall automatically stop the dip- 
ping conveyor system. 

(8) 1505.8 Conveyor interlock. Dip tanks utilizing a conveyor 
system shall be arranged such that in the event of a fire, the con- 
veyor system shall automatically cease motion and the required 
tank bottom drains shall open. 

(9) 1505.9 Hardening and tempering tanks. Hardening and 
tempering tanks shall comply with paragraphs (E)(3)(1505.3) 
to (E)(3)(c)(1505.3.3), (E)(4)(b}(1505.4.2} and 
(E)(8}(1505.8) of this rule but shall be exempt from other pro- 
visions of paragraph (E)(1505} of this rule. 

(a) 1505.9.1 Location. Tanks shall be located as far as prac- 
tical from furnaces and shall not be located on or near com- 
bustible floors. 

(b) 1505.9.2 Hoods. Tanks shall be provided with a 
noncombustible hood and vent or other approved venting 



means, terminating outside of the struct